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Yan Xiong, Xiangfang Tang, Qingshi Meng, Hongfu Zhang
Ammonia has been considered the contaminant primarily responsible for respiratory disease in poultry. Even though it can cause tracheal lesions, its adverse effects on the trachea have not been sufficiently studied. The present study investigated tracheal changes in Arbor Acres broilers (Gallus gallus) induced by high concentration of ammonia using isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ)-based proteome analysis. In total, 3,706 proteins within false discovery rate of 1% were identified, including 119 significantly differentially expressed proteins...
October 17, 2016: Science China. Life Sciences
Ruoxu Dou, Reiko Nishihara, Yin Cao, Tsuyoshi Hamada, Kosuke Mima, Atsuhiro Masuda, Yohei Masugi, Yan Shi, Mancang Gu, Wanwan Li, Annacarolina da Silva, Katsuhiko Nosho, Xuehong Zhang, Jeffrey A Meyerhardt, Edward L Giovannucci, Andrew T Chan, Charles S Fuchs, Zhi Rong Qian, Shuji Ogino
Experimental evidence suggests that the let-7 family of noncoding RNAs suppresses adaptive immune responses, contributing to immune evasion by the tumor. We hypothesized that the amount of let-7a and let-7b expression in colorectal carcinoma might be associated with limited T-lymphocyte infiltrates in the tumor microenvironment and worse clinical outcome. Utilizing the molecular pathological epidemiology resources of 795 rectal and colon cancers in two U.S.-nationwide prospective cohort studies, we measured tumor-associated let-7a and let-7b expression levels by quantitative reverse-transcription PCR, and CD3(+), CD8(+), CD45RO (PTPRC)(+), and FOXP3(+) cell densities by tumor tissue microarray immunohistochemistry and computer-assisted image analysis...
October 13, 2016: Cancer Immunology Research
Tobias M Gorges, Andra Kuske, Katharina Röck, Oliver Mauermann, Volkmar Müller, Sven Peine, Karl Verpoort, Vendula Novosadova, Mikael Kubista, Sabine Riethdorf, Klaus Pantel
BACKGROUND: Transcriptome analysis of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) holds great promise to unravel the biology of cancer cell dissemination and identify expressed genes and signaling pathways relevant to therapeutic interventions. METHODS: CTCs were enriched based on their EpCAM expression (CellSearch®) or by size and deformability (Parsortix™), identified by EpCAM and/or pan-keratin-specific antibodies, and isolated for single cell multiplex RNA profiling. RESULTS: Distinct breast and prostate CTC expression signatures could be discriminated from RNA profiles of leukocytes...
September 14, 2016: Clinical Chemistry
Matthias Braun, Marie L Ress, Young-Eun Yoo, Claus J Scholz, Matthias Eyrich, Paul G Schlegel, Matthias Wölfl
Interleukin 12 (IL12) is a key inflammatory cytokine critically influencing Th1/Tc1-T-cell responses at the time of initial antigen encounter. Therefore, it may be exploited for cancer immunotherapy. Here, we investigated how IL12, and other inflammatory cytokines, shape effector functions of human T-cells. Using a defined culture system, we followed the gradual differentiation and function of antigen-specific CD8(+) T cells from their initial activation as naïve T cells through their expansion phase as early memory cells to full differentiation as clonally expanded effector T cells...
July 2016: Oncoimmunology
Martin Svoboda, Anastasia Meshcheryakova, Georg Heinze, Markus Jaritz, Dietmar Pils, Dan Cacsire Castillo-Tong, Gudrun Hager, Theresia Thalhammer, Erika Jensen-Jarolim, Peter Birner, Ioana Braicu, Jalid Sehouli, Sandrina Lambrechts, Ignace Vergote, Sven Mahner, Philip Zimmermann, Robert Zeillinger, Diana Mechtcheriakova
BACKGROUND: Building up of pathway-/disease-relevant signatures provides a persuasive tool for understanding the functional relevance of gene alterations and gene network associations in multifactorial human diseases. Ovarian cancer is a highly complex heterogeneous malignancy in respect of tumor anatomy, tumor microenvironment including pro-/antitumor immunity and inflammation; still, it is generally treated as single disease. Thus, further approaches to investigate novel aspects of ovarian cancer pathogenesis aiming to provide a personalized strategy to clinical decision making are of high priority...
2016: BMC Genomics
Yin Cao, Reiko Nishihara, Zhi Rong Qian, Mingyang Song, Kosuke Mima, Kentaro Inamura, Jonathan A Nowak, David A Drew, Paul Lochhead, Katsuhiko Nosho, Teppei Morikawa, Xuehong Zhang, Kana Wu, Molin Wang, Wendy S Garrett, Edward L Giovannucci, Charles S Fuchs, Andrew T Chan, Shuji Ogino
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Aspirin use reduces colorectal cancer risk. Aspirin, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, inhibits prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 (PTGS2 or cyclooxygenase-2); PTGS2 promotes inflammation and suppresses T-cell-mediated adaptive immunity. We investigated whether the inverse association of aspirin use with colorectal carcinoma risk was stronger for tumors with lower degrees of lymphocytic infiltrates than for tumors with higher degrees of lymphocytic infiltrates...
July 27, 2016: Gastroenterology
Julia Etich, Vera Bergmeier, Lena Pitzler, Bent Brachvogel
AIM: Wound healing is a coordinated process to restore tissue homeostasis and reestablish the protective barrier of the skin. miRNAs may modulate the expression of target genes to contribute to repair processes, but due to the complexity of the tissue it is challenging to quantify gene expression during the distinct phases of wound repair. Here, we aimed to identify a common reference gene to quantify changes in miRNA and mRNA expression during skin wound healing. METHODS: Quantitative real-time PCR and bioinformatic analysis tools were used to identify suitable reference genes during skin repair and their reliability was tested by studying expression of mRNAs and miRNAs...
July 7, 2016: Connective Tissue Research
Maren Bredemeier, Philippos Edimiris, Mitra Tewes, Pawel Mach, Bahriye Aktas, Doreen Schellbach, Jenny Wagner, Rainer Kimmig, Sabine Kasimir-Bauer
BACKGROUND: Circulating tumor cells (CTC) are discussed to be an ideal surrogate marker for individualized treatment in metastatic breast cancer (MBC) since metastatic tissue is often difficult to obtain for repeated analysis. We established a nine gene qPCR panel to characterize the heterogeneous CTC population in MBC patients including epithelial CTC, their receptors (EPCAM, ERBB2, ERBB3, EGFR) CTC in Epithelial-Mesenchymal-Transition [(EMT); PIK3CA, AKT2), stem cell-like CTC (ALDH1) as well as resistant CTC (ERCC1, AURKA] to identify individual therapeutic targets...
May 20, 2016: Oncotarget
Jia-Rong Gao, Xiu-Juan Qin, Hui Jiang, Ting Wang, Jun-Mei Song, Shuang-Zhi Xu
BACKGROUND: Chronic glomerulonephritis (CGN) is the most common form of the glomerular disease with unclear molecular mechanisms, which related to immune-mediated inflammatory diseases. The aim of this study was to characterize differentially expressed genes in the normal and adriamycin-induced CGN rats by microarray analysis, and to determine the potential molecular mechanisms of CGN pathogenesis. METHODS: For the gene expression analysis, fresh glomerular tissues from both normal and adriamycin treated rats (n=4, respectively) were collected...
September 1, 2016: Gene
Yohei Masugi, Reiko Nishihara, Juhong Yang, Kosuke Mima, Annacarolina da Silva, Yan Shi, Kentaro Inamura, Yin Cao, Mingyang Song, Jonathan A Nowak, Xiaoyun Liao, Katsuhiko Nosho, Andrew T Chan, Marios Giannakis, Adam J Bass, F Stephen Hodi, Gordon J Freeman, Scott Rodig, Charles S Fuchs, Zhi Rong Qian, Shuji Ogino
OBJECTIVE: Evidence suggests that CD274 (programmed death-ligand 1, B7-H1) immune checkpoint ligand repress antitumour immunity through its interaction with the PDCD1 (programmed cell death 1, PD-1) receptor of T lymphocytes in various tumours. We hypothesised that tumour CD274 expression levels might be inversely associated with T-cell densities in colorectal carcinoma tissue. DESIGN: We evaluated tumour CD274 expression by immunohistochemistry in 823 rectal and colon cancer cases within the Nurses' Health Study and Health Professionals Follow-up Study...
May 5, 2016: Gut
Francois E Mercier, David B Sykes, David T Scadden
Defining the molecular regulators of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) requires in vivo functional analyses. Competitive bone marrow transplants (BMTs) compare control and test HSPCs to demonstrate the functional role of a genetic change or chemical perturbation. Competitive BMT is enabled by antibodies that specifically recognize hematopoietic cells from congenic mouse strains due to variants of the cell surface protein CD45, designated CD45.1 and CD45.2. The current congenic competitor strain, B6...
June 14, 2016: Stem Cell Reports
Mingyang Song, Reiko Nishihara, Yin Cao, Eunyoung Chun, Zhi Rong Qian, Kosuke Mima, Kentaro Inamura, Yohei Masugi, Jonathan A Nowak, Katsuhiko Nosho, Kana Wu, Molin Wang, Edward Giovannucci, Wendy S Garrett, Charles S Fuchs, Shuji Ogino, Andrew T Chan
IMPORTANCE: Marine ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), including eicosapentaenoic acid, docosahexaenoic acid, and docosapentaenoic acid, possess potent immunomodulatory activity and may protect against cancer development. However, evidence relating marine ω-3 PUFAs to colorectal cancer (CRC) risk remains inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that marine ω-3 PUFA intake may be associated with lower risk of CRC subsets characterized by immune infiltrate...
September 1, 2016: JAMA Oncology
K A Yurova, N A Sokhonevich, O G Khaziakhmatova, L S Litvinova
The dose-dependent effects of cytokines (IL-2, IL-7, and IL-15), which have a common g-chain, on mRNA expression of U2afll4 and GFi1 genes involved in regulation of alternative splicing of the Ptprc gene, have been investigated in vitro using T-lymphocyte cultures with different degrees of differentiation. IL-2, IL-7, and IL-15 caused a similar unidirectional inhibitory effect of various severity on restimulated CD45RO+ T-cells exposed to an antigen-independent activation; they caused a dose-dependent decrease of the U2af1l4 gene expression, and an increase of Gfi1 gene expression...
March 2016: Biomedit︠s︡inskai︠a︡ Khimii︠a︡
Young Ho Lee, Sang-Cheol Bae
We aimed to investigate whether the PTPRC rs10919563 A/G and Fc gamma receptor 2A (FCGR2A) R131H polymorphisms can predict the response to anti-TNF therapy in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. We conducted a meta-analysis of studies on the association between the PTPRC rs10919563 A/G or the FCGR2A R131H polymorphism and responsiveness to anti-TNF therapy in RA patients. Eighteen studies (twelve on PTPRC and six on FCGR2A) from eight articles involving 3058 patients were considered in this meta-analysis. The meta-analysis showed a significant association between the PTPRC rs10919563 A allele and response to TNF-α blockers in RA...
June 2016: Rheumatology International
Akiko Hanyuda, Shuji Ogino, Zhi Rong Qian, Reiko Nishihara, Mingyang Song, Kosuke Mima, Kentaro Inamura, Yohei Masugi, Kana Wu, Jeffrey A Meyerhardt, Andrew T Chan, Charles S Fuchs, Edward L Giovannucci, Yin Cao
Higher body mass index (BMI), higher body adiposity and obesity have been associated with increased risk of colorectal cancer. Evidence suggests that excess energy balance may influence systemic immune and inflammatory status. Thus, we hypothesized that the positive association between BMI and colorectal cancer risk might differ according to colorectal carcinoma subtypes according to levels of histopathological lymphocytic reaction to tumor. We collected biennial questionnaire data on weight and baseline height information in two prospective cohort studies, the Nurses' Health Study (1980-2010) and the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986-2010)...
August 15, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Otsanda Ruiz-Larrañaga, Maria Uribarri, Maria C Alcaro, Sergio Escorza-Treviño, Jokin Del Amo, Mikel Iriondo, Carmen Manzano, Paola Migliorini, Veronika Lóránd, Andone Estonba
OBJECTIVES: To replicate the association of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) susceptibility loci in an independent European sample and to assess their specificity with anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA) status. METHODS: A selection of 64 SNP previously associated with RA have been typed in a cohort of 267 RA patients (169 ACPA-positive and 98 ACPA-negative) and 152 controls from the Rheumatology Units of the University Hospital of Pisa (Italy) and the University of Pécs Medical Center (Hungary)...
March 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Francesca Ricci, Maddalena Fratelli, Federica Guffanti, Luca Porcu, Filippo Spriano, Tiziana Dell'Anna, Robert Fruscio, Giovanna Damia
Even if ovarian cancer patients are very responsive to a cisplatinum-based therapy, most will relapse with a resistant disease. New experimental animal models are needed to explore the mechanisms of resistance, to better tailor treatment and improve patient prognosis. To address these aims, seven patient-derived high-grade serous/endometrioid ovarian cancer xenografts were characterized for the antitumor response after one and two cycles of cisplatinum and classified as Very Responsive, Responsive, and Low Responsive to drug treatment...
February 17, 2016: Oncotarget
Arash Hossein-Nezhad, Roya Pedram Fatemi, Rili Ahmad, Elaine R Peskind, Cyrus P Zabetian, Shu-Ching Hu, Min Shi, Claes Wahlestedt, Jing Zhang, Mohammad Ali Faghihi
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a debilitating neurological disorder for which prognostic and diagnostic biomarkers are lacking. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is an accessible body fluid that comes into direct contact with the central nervous system (CNS) and acts as a nuclease-free repository where RNA transcripts shed by brain tissues can reside for extended periods of time. OBJECTIVE: We studied the RNA species present in the CSF of PD patients to identify novel diagnostic biomarkers...
2016: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
R P Singh, C M Shafeeque, S K Sharma, R Singh, J Mohan, K V H Sastry, V K Saxena, P A Azeez
It has been confirmed that mammalian sperm contain thousands of functional RNAs, and some of them have vital roles in fertilization and early embryonic development. Therefore, we attempted to characterize transcriptome of the sperm of fertile chickens using microarray analysis. Spermatozoal RNA was pooled from 10 fertile males and used for RNA preparation. Prior to performing the microarray, RNA quality was assessed using a bioanalyzer, and gDNA and somatic cell RNA contamination was assessed by CD4 and PTPRC gene amplification...
March 2016: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
Joanna Peloquin, Gautam Goel, Hailiang Huang, Talin Haritunians, Ryan Sartor, Mark Daly, Rodney Newberry, Dermot McGovern, Sergio Lira, Ramnik Xavier
BACKGROUND: Genome-wide association studies have linked single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) to risk of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Yet, the majority of IBD-associated risk SNPs tag non-coding regions of the genome, with more than 1000 genes encoded within the risk loci. In addition to ongoing fine mapping of risk loci and exome sequencing studies, the study of gene expression and characterization of expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) help to refine candidate genes in risk loci...
March 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
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