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Erythrocyte aggregation

Mariann Kremlitzka, Maartje J Geerlings, Sarah de Jong, Bjorn Bakker, Sara C Nilsson, Sascha Fauser, Carel B Hoyng, Eiko K de Jong, Anneke I den Hollander, Anna M Blom
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a progressive disease of the central retina and the leading cause of irreversible vision loss in the western world. The involvement of abnormal complement activation in AMD has been suggested by association of variants in genes encoding complement proteins with disease development. A low-frequency variant (p.P167S) in the complement component C9 (C9) gene was recently shown to be highly associated with AMD, however its functional outcome remains largely unexplored. In this study, we reveal five novel rare genetic variants (p...
May 14, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
Mark B Plotnikov, Oleg I Aliev, Anastasia V Sidekhmenova, Alexander Y Shamanaev, Anna M Anishchenko, Tatiana I Fomina, Tatiana M Plotnikova, Alexander M Arkhipov
BACKGROUND: Many pathological mechanisms are involved in the development of arterial hypertension; disturbance of the rheological properties of blood and microvascular rarefaction are among those mechanisms. OBJECTIVE: The effect of p-tyrosol (Tyr) on hemorheological parameters and microvascularization in the cerebral cortex of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) at the stage of blood pressure rising (5-11 weeks) was studied. METHODS: Blood viscosity (BV), plasma viscosity (PV), hematocrit, erythrocyte aggregation and deformability, the oxygen transport capacity index (OTCI), and the capillary network in the cerebral cortex after the course of treatment of Tyr (50 mg/kg daily i...
May 6, 2018: Microvascular Research
Yang Jun Kang, Sang-Joon Lee
Haemorheologically impaired microcirculation, such as blood clotting or abnormal blood flow, causes interrupted blood flows in vascular networks. The biophysical properties of blood, including blood viscosity, blood viscoelasticity, haematocrit, red blood bell (RBC) aggregation, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and RBC deformability, have been used to monitor haematological diseases. In this review, we summarise several techniques for measuring haemorheological properties, such as blood viscosity, RBC deformability and RBC aggregation, using in vitro microfluidic platforms...
May 9, 2018: Analyst
Koki Ogawa, Yuki Fuchigami, Masayori Hagimori, Shintaro Fumoto, Yusuke Miura, Shigeru Kawakami
Introduction: We previously developed anionic ternary bubble lipopolyplexes, an ultrasound-responsive carrier, expecting safe and efficient gene transfection. However, bubble lipopolyplexes have a low capacity for echo gas (C3 F8 ) encapsulation (EGE) in nonionic solution such as 5% glucose. On the other hand, we were able to prepare bubble lipopolyplexes by inserting phosphate-buffered saline before C3 F8 encapsulation. Surface charge regulation (SCR) by electrolytes stabilizes liposome/plasmid DNA (pDNA) complexes by accelerated membrane fusion...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Hong Wang, Weichao Liu, Xiang Fang, Haichen Wang, Wenjiang Ma, Huajiang Dong, Huijuan Yin, Yingxin Li, Hong Sha
BACKGROUND: Laser therapy is reported to be clinically effective for improving microcirculation, rheological properties and blood lipid profiles despite the lack of certainty on the mechanism. OBJECTIVE: This study intends to provide methods to drop blood lipid level of hyperlipidemia samples by low-intensity laser irradiation therapy and provide reasoning of mechanism. METHODS: Twenty whole blood samples of high level of lipids profile are irradiated by 405 nm low-intensity laser at 12 J/cm2 twice a day for 3 days and compared with normal lipids profile group...
April 18, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Zsuzsanna Magyar, Anita Mester, Gabor Nadubinszky, Gabor Varga, Souleiman Ghanem, Viktoria Somogyi, Bence Tanczos, Adam Deak, Laszlo Bidiga, Mihai Oltean, Katalin Peto, Norbert Nemeth
BACKGROUND: Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) can be protective against the damage. However, there is no consensus on the optimal amount of tissue, the number and duration of the ischemic cycles, and the timing of the preconditioning. The hemorheological background of the process is also unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of remote organ ischemic preconditioning on micro-rheological parameters during liver ischemia-reperfusion in rats. METHODS: In anesthetized rats 60-minute partial liver ischemia was induced with 120-minute reperfusion (Control, n = 7)...
April 14, 2018: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Jeong-Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: Boron nitride (BN) nanomaterials are promising in biomedical research owing to their large surface area, graphene-like structure, and chemical and thermal properties. However, the toxicological effects of BN on erythrocytes and blood coagulation remain uninvestigated. OBJECTIVE: The aims of our study were to synthesize glycol chitosan (GC)- and hyaluronic acid (HA)-coated BNs, and to investigate the effects of these BNs on human cancer cells, erythrocytes, and whole blood...
April 14, 2018: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Ana Filipa Guedes, Luís Sargento, José Braz-Nogueira, Nuno Lousada, Carlos Moreira, Filomena A Carvalho, Nuno C Santos
Erythrocyte aggregation is an indicator of cardiovascular risk, which is influenced by plasma fibrinogen concentration. Fibrinogen levels are elevated during cardiovascular diseases. Our main goals were to understand how fibrinogen-erythrocyte binding influences erythrocyte aggregation and how it constitutes a cardiovascular risk factor in essential arterial hypertension (EAH) and chronic heart failure (CHF). Fibrinogen-erythrocyte and erythrocyte-erythrocyte adhesion measurements were conducted by atomic force microscopy (AFM)-based force spectroscopy...
2018: Annals of Medicine
Hyunjoo Lee, Minji Woo, Mijeong Kim, Jeong Sook Noh, Yeong Ok Song
The cholesterol-lowering and anti-atherogenic effects of lemon essential oil (LEO) were investigated and compared with the effects of limonene. Owing to their volatility, both LEO and limonene were microencapsulated before preparation of the diet (20%, w/w). Hypercholesterolemia-induced rabbits were divided into 3 groups based on plasma total cholesterol (TC) levels and fed coating matrix (control group), LEO (LEO group), or limonene (Limonene group) for 8 weeks. LEO dose-dependently inhibited low-density lipoprotein oxidation in vitro ...
March 2018: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
Filomena A Carvalho, Ana Filipa Guedes, Cedric Duval, Fraser L Macrae, Luke Swithenbank, David H Farrell, Robert As Ariëns, Nuno C Santos
Background: Erythrocyte aggregation, a cardiovascular risk factor, is increased by high plasma fibrinogen levels. Here, the effect of different fibrinogen mutations on binding to its human erythrocyte receptor was assessed in order to identify the interaction sites. Methods: Three fibrinogen variants were tested, specifically mutated in their putative integrin recognition sites on the Aα chain (mutants D97E, D574E and D97E/D574E) and compared with wild-type fibrinogen...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Prajwal Gyawali, Daniela Ziegler, Jean-François Cailhier, André Denault, Guy Cloutier
This systematic review is aimed at answering two questions: (i) Is erythrocyte aggregation a useful biomarker in assessing systemic inflammation? (ii) Does quantitative ultrasound imaging provide the non-invasive option to measure erythrocyte aggregation in real time? The search was executed through bibliographic electronic databases CINAHL, EMB Review, EMBASE, MEDLINE, PubMed and the grey literature. The majority of studies correlated elevated erythrocyte aggregation with inflammatory blood markers for several pathologic states...
April 13, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Katalin Peto, Norbert Nemeth, Anita Mester, Zsuzsanna Magyar, Souleiman Ghanem, Viktoria Somogyi, Bence Tanczos, Adam Deak, Laszlo Bidiga, Ede Frecska, Balazs Nemes
BACKGROUND: Micro-rheological relations of renal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) have not been completely elucidated yet. Concerning anti-inflammatory agents, it is supposed that sigma-1 receptor agonist N,N-dimethyl-tryptamin (DMT) can be useful to reduce I/R injury. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the micro-rheological and metabolic parameters, and the effects of DMT in renal I/R in rats. METHODS: In anesthetized rats from median laparotomy both kidneys were exposed...
April 13, 2018: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Junchao Duan, Shuang Liang, Yang Yu, Yang Li, Lijing Wang, Zehao Wu, Yueyue Chen, Mark R Miller, Zhiwei Sun
Nowadays, nanotechnology environmental health and safety (nanoEHS) is gaining attention. We previously found that silica nanoparticles (SiNPs) could induce vascular endothelial damage. However, the subsequent toxicologic response to SiNPs-induced endothelial damage was still largely unknown. In this study, we explored the inflammation-coagulation response and thrombotic effects of SiNPs in endothelial cells and zebrafish embryos. For in vitro study, swollen mitochondria and autophagosome were observed in ultrastructural analysis...
April 14, 2018: Nanotoxicology
Ligia Santos Pedroso, Najeh Maissar Khalil, Rubiana Mara Mainardes
In this study, bovine serum albumin (BSA) nanoparticles coated with polysorbate-80 (PS-80) and containing amphotericin B (AmB) were developed using a coacervation method. The nanoparticles were spherical, had a uniform size distribution (polydispersity < 0.25), a small mean size (185 ± 5 nm), a high zeta potential (-38.0 ± 0.7 mV), and a high AmB encapsulation efficiency (93 ± 1%). The AmB release profile was prolonged and diffusion-controlled, resulting in a low degree of AmB aggregation in solution...
April 8, 2018: Current Drug Delivery
Andreas Friebe, Barbara Voußen, Dieter Groneberg
Nitric oxide-sensitive guanylyl cyclase (NO-GC) has been shown to regulate a plethora of different functions in the body. These include, among many others, the fine-tuning of vascular tone, platelet reactivity and gastrointestinal motility. Evidence for the participation of NO-GC in these functions has been obtained from various species including humans, rodents, as well as insects. Clearly, individual cell types that express NO-GC contribute differentially to organ-specific NO/cGMP signaling in the body. Hence, identification of NO-GC-expressing cells and their individual involvement in NO/cGMP signaling constituted the focus of many studies over the last 40 years...
April 4, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Giorgia Giovannini, Paul Warncke, Dagmar Fischer, Ondrej Stranik, Andrew J Hall, Vladimir Gubala
When silica nanoparticles (SiNP) are stored in aqueous solution, even for few hours, they have a tendency to form agglomerates and therefore adapt inhomogeneous structures. Here we present a very practical method to store SiNP in responsive hydrogel. We have confirmed that SiNP kept in the responsive hydrogel do not undergo through undesirable morphological changes and while in storage they maintain their excellent colloidal stability. The effect of SiNP hollowing (i.e. dissolution of the core of the particles that leaves empty cavity inside) was significantly inhibited in the hydrogel, which is a critical feature for any nano-medical applications (e...
April 2, 2018: Nanotoxicology
Anita Mester, Zsuzsanna Magyar, Akos Molnar, Viktoria Somogyi, Bence Tanczos, Katalin Peto, Norbert Nemeth
BACKGROUND: Intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) is a life-threatening clinical disorder. During I/R, the microrheological parameters of blood (red blood cell deformability and aggregation) worsen, which may contribute to microcirculatory deterioration. Age and gender also have a great influence on hemorheological parameters. We aimed to investigate the gender and age-related microrheological alterations during intestinal I/R. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After the cannulation of the left femoral artery, median laparotomy was performed in Crl:WI rats under general anesthesia...
May 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Ayuko Kishimoto, Shunsuke Kimura, Junko Nio-Kobayashi, Hiromi Takahashi-Iwanaga, Ah-Mee Park, Toshihiko Iwanaga
The hyaloid vasculature constitutes a transitory system nourishing the internal structures of the developing eye, but the mechanism of vascular regression and its cell biological characteristics are not fully understood. The present study aimed to reveal the specificity of the hyaloid vessels by a systematic immunohistochemical approach for marker substances of myeloid cells and the extracellular matrix (ECM) in neonatal mice. Macrophages immunoreactive for F4/80, cathepsin D, and LYVE-1 gathered around the vasa hyaloidea propria (VHP), while small round cells in vascular lumen of VHP were selectively immunoreactive for galectin-3; their segmented nuclei and immunoreactivities for Ly-6G, CD11b, and myeloperoxidase indicated their neutrophilic origin...
March 26, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
Hong Liu, Mingming Cai
The effect of probucol in the treatment of diabetic retinopathy was investigated to analyze its impact on its hemodynamics, rheology and blood lipid. A total of 80 patients with diabetic retinopathy who were treated in the Ninth People's Hospital of Chongqing (Chongqing, China) from January 2015 to August 2016 were selected and divided into two groups by random number table, with 40 patients in each group. Control group was treated by conventional and intensive glycemic control and antihypertensive therapy, while observation group was orally administered with 0...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Alison Beriliy Wiyeh, Leila Hussein Abdullahi, Ambroise Wonkam, Charles Shey Wiysonge, Mamadou Kaba
INTRODUCTION: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an inherited haematological disorder caused by a single point mutation (Glub6Val) that promotes polymerisation of haemoglobin S and sickling of erythrocytes. Inflammation, haemolysis, microvascular obstruction and organ damage characterise the highly variable clinical expression of SCD. People with SCD are at increased risk of severe infections, hence the need for vaccination against common disease-causing organisms in this population. We aim to review the evidence on the efficacy and safety of vaccines in people with SCD...
March 25, 2018: BMJ Open
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