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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316900/epidemiology-and-factors-associated-with-amoebic-liver-abscess-in-northern-sri-lanka
#1
Selvam Kannathasan, Arumugam Murugananthan, Thirunavukarasu Kumanan, Nilanthi Renuka de Silva, Nadarajah Rajeshkannan, Rashidul Haque, Devika Iddawela
BACKGROUND: Clinically diagnosed amoebic liver abscess (ALA) caused by Entamoeba histolytica has been an important public health problem in Jaffna district, northern Sri Lanka for last three decades. In order to draw up a control strategy for elimination of this condition, knowledge of its epidemiology and factors associated with this condition in the local context is vital. METHODS: All clinically diagnosed ALA patients admitted to the Teaching Hospital, Jaffna during the study period were included in the study and the data were collected using an interviewer administered questionnaire...
January 10, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216922/lactic-fermented-egg-white-improves-visceral-fat-obesity-in-japanese-subjects-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#2
Ryosuke Matsuoka, Keiko Kamachi, Mika Usuda, Wei Wang, Yasunobu Masuda, Masaaki Kunou, Akira Tanaka, Kazunori Utsunomiya
BACKGROUND: It was reported that egg white protein (EWP) reduced body fat in rats. We developed a lactic-fermented egg white (LE) that facilitates the consumption of egg whites by fermenting them with lactobacillus, and were able to study their intake in humans. In this double-blind, placebo-controlled design, we evaluated the effect of LE on visceral fat area (VFA). METHODS: Participants included 37 adult males and females aged ≥40 years (VFA at navel ≥100 cm2)...
December 8, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174530/increased-cortical-neuronal-responses-to-nmda-and-improved-attentional-set-shifting-performance-in-rats-following-prebiotic-b-gos%C3%A2-ingestion
#3
Benjamin Gronier, Helene M Savignac, Mathieu Di Miceli, Sherif M Idriss, George Tzortzis, Daniel Anthony, Philip W J Burnet
We have previously shown that prebiotics (dietary fibres that augment the growth of indigenous beneficial gut bacteria) such as Bimuno™ galacto-oligosaccharides (B-GOS®), increased N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor levels in the rat brain. The current investigation examined the functional correlates of these changes in B-GOS®-fed rats by measuring cortical neuronal responses to NMDA using in vivo NMDA micro-iontophoresis electrophysiology, and performance in the attentional set-shifting task. Adult male rats were supplemented with B-GOS® in the drinking water 3 weeks prior to in vivo iontophoresis or behavioural testing...
November 21, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163391/colletotrichum-gloeosporioides-contaminated-tea-infusion-blocks-lipids-reduction-and-induces-kidney-damage-in-mice
#4
Jin Li, Kang Sun, Qingping Ma, Jin Chen, Le Wang, Dingjun Yang, Xuan Chen, Xinghui Li
When the homogenate of fresh tea tree leaves was fermented to produce black tea beverage, the Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (main pathogen or endophyte of Camellia sinensis) may be mixed into the fermentation liquor. However, it was unclear whether C. gloeosporioides-contaminated tea beverage would damage human health. Therefore, we investigated the changes of functional components and the influences on mice. C. gloeosporioides was added to the green tea infusion. After cultivation of 48 h, tea polyphenols, caffeine, and L-theanine decreased by 31...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156932/-adequacy-of-the-dietary-intake-of-total-and-added-sugars-in-the-spanish-diet-to-the-recommendations-anibes-study
#5
Enma Ruiz, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras
INTRODUCTION: The WHO published in 2015 its recommendations for added sugars intake: < 10% of the total energy (TE) intake in both adults and children. No updated information is available in Spain. OBJECTIVES: To examine total sugar intake, mainly focused on added, and food and beverage sources. To analize fulfillment with WHO recommendations. METHODS: The ANIBES Study of a representative sample of the Spanish population (9-75 yr) was used...
October 15, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152918/cosmeceutical-effect-of-ethyl-acetate-fraction-of-kombucha-tea-by-intradermal-administration-in-the-skin-of-aged-mice
#6
Nafiseh Pakravan, Elaheh Mahmoudi, Seyed-Ali Hashemi, Jamal Kamali, Reza Hajiaghayi, Mitra Rahimzadeh, Vajiheh Mahmoodi
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Natural ingredients have been always an interesting approach to prolong youthful appearance of skin. One of the natural compounds is Kombucha tea (KT), which has been mainly used as an energy drink in Asian countries for a long time. Previous reports indicated that it has pharmaceutical and favorable wound repairing effects. The beneficial properties of KT are thought to be mainly due to the presence of fermentation products such as flavonoids and other polyphenols with inhibition of hydrolytic and oxidative enzymes and anti-inflammatory effects...
November 19, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097471/draft-genome-sequences-of-two-lactobacillus-casei-strains-isolated-from-cheddar-cheese-and-a-fermented-milk-drink
#7
Akhikun Nahar, Anthony L Baker, John P Bowman, Margaret L Britz
MiSeq Illumina shotgun sequencing technology was used to sequence two Lactobacillus casei strains, designated strains GCRL 163 and MJA 12. The estimated genome sizes for GCRL 163 and MJA 12 were 2.9 Mb and 3.1 Mb, with 46.35% and 46.31% GC contents, respectively.
November 2, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029754/oral-pathology-patterns-in-late-farmers-of-the-central-andes-a-comparative-perspective-between-coastal-and-highland-populations
#8
Luis Pezo-Lanfranco, Arturo Peralta, Sonia Guillén, Sabine Eggers
Aiming at future comparisons with earlier hunter-gatherers or transitional populations, this paper intends to characterize and describe the oral pathology pattern of late agriculturalists from Central Andes dating to the Late Intermediate Period (LIP) and Inca periods (1000-1532 CE), and identify differences and/or similarities between coastal and highland populations. Although the botanical inventories of the LIP suggest carbohydrate-rich diets and similar components, it has been hypothesized that coastal and highland populations had, nevertheless, substantially different oral pathology patterns...
October 2017: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987358/regulatory-efficacy-of-fermented-plant-extract-on-the-intestinal-microflora-and-lipid-profile-in-mildly-hypercholesterolemic-individuals
#9
Hui-Fang Chiu, Yen-Jung Chen, Yan-Ying Lu, Yi-Chun Han, You-Cheng Shen, Kamesh Venkatakrishnan, Chin-Kun Wang
In recent years, the use of fermented plant products to protect against various metabolic syndromes has been increasing enormously. The objective of this study was to check the regulatory efficacy of fermented plant extract (FPE) on intestinal microflora, lipid profile, and antioxidant status in mildly hypercholesterolemic volunteers. Forty-four mildly hypercholesterolemic individuals (cholesterol 180-220 mg/dL) were recruited and assigned to two groups: experimental or placebo. Volunteers were requested to drink either 60 mL of FPE or placebo for 8 weeks...
October 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941691/dynamic-profiling-of-different-ready-to-drink-fermented-dairy-products-a-comparative-study-using-temporal-check-all-that-apply-tcata-temporal-dominance-of-sensations-tds-and-progressive-profile-pp
#10
Erick A Esmerino, John C Castura, Juliana P Ferraz, Elson R Tavares Filho, Ramon Silva, Adriano G Cruz, Mônica Q Freitas, Helena M A Bolini
Despite the several differences in ingredients, processes and nutritional values, dairy foods as yogurts, fermented milks and milk beverages are widely accepted worldwide, and although they have their sensory profiling normally covered by descriptive analyses, the temporal perception involved during the consumption are rarely considered. In this sense, the present work aimed to assess the dynamic sensory profile of three categories of fermented dairy products using different temporal methodologies: Temporal Dominance of Sensations (TDS), Progressive Profiling (PP), Temporal CATA (TCATA), and compare the results obtained...
November 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938785/growth-performance-and-gastrointestinal-responses-of-broiler-chickens-fed-corn-soybean-meal-diet-without-or-with-exogenous-epidermal-growth-factor-upon-challenge-with-eimeria
#11
E Kim, H Leung, N Akhtar, J Li, J R Barta, Y Wang, C Yang, E Kiarie
Epidermal growth factor (EGF), a protein known for its mitogenic and anti-apoptotic effects was fed to broiler chickens to evaluate growth performance, gastrointestinal measurements, and apparent retention (AR) of components upon challenge with Eimeria. A total of 216, d old male broiler chicks (Ross 708) were placed in cages (6 birds/cage) and allocated to treatments. The treatments were: 1) control (Lactotobacilli lactis fermentation supernatant without EGF), 2) 80 μg of EGF/kg BW/d, and 3) 160 μg of EGF/kg BW/d...
October 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873727/impact-of-fermentation-conditions-on-the-quality-and-sensory-properties-of-a-probiotic-cupuassu-theobroma-grandiflorum-beverage
#12
Ana Lúcia Fernandes Pereira, Wallaff Sammk Corrêa Feitosa, Virgínia Kelly Gonçalves Abreu, Tatiana de Oliveira Lemos, Wesley Faria Gomes, Narendra Narain, Sueli Rodrigues
The aim of the study was to evaluate the conditions of fermentation pH and temperature and also the fermentation time of Lactobacillus casei in the cupuassu (tropical fruit native to the Brazilian Amazon) beverage. The sugars, organic acids, and antioxidant activity during the fermentation also were investigated. The sensory characteristics were also evaluated. Moreover, the effect of expectation on the acceptability of probiotic and symbiotic cupuassu beverages was rated under three conditions. The blind (consumers were informed that the samples were probiotic and symbiotic beverages and they tasted them); expected (only nutritional claims in short text were informed) and informed (consumers were asked to evaluate the product when they had nutritional information)...
October 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825541/determination-of-bovine-lactoferrin-in-food-by-hplc-with-a-heparin-affinity-column-for-sample-preparation
#13
Yin Zhang, Fei Lou, Wei Wu, Xin Dong, Jia Ren, Qiuguang Shen
An HPLC method was developed for the quantitative determination of bovine lactoferrin (bLF) in sterilized milk, modified milk, fermented milk, infant formula, adult formula, rice cereal, vitamin function drink, and protein powder products. bLF was first extracted with a phosphate buffer (pH 8), underwent cleanup in a heparin affinity column, and was detected by HPLC with a C4 column and diode-array detector at a wavelength of 280 nm. The proposed method provided a linear detection range of 10.0-1000 μg/mL with an LOD of 0...
January 1, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819993/lactobacillus-helveticus-fermented-milk-containing-lactononadecapeptide-nippltqtpvvvppflqpe-improves-cognitive-function-in-healthy-middle-aged-adults-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#14
Kazuhito Ohsawa, Fumiya Nakamura, Naoto Uchida, Seiichi Mizuno, Hidehiko Yokogoshi
This study aimed to determine the effects of a Lactobacillus helveticus-fermented milk drink containing lactononadecapeptide (NIPPLTQTPVVVPPFLQPE) on the cognitive function of healthy middle-aged adults. A randomised, double-blind controlled study was conducted in healthy participants who were randomly assigned to receive a L. helveticus-fermented milk drink (190 g/day) or the equivalent amount of a placebo drink once a day for eight weeks. Cognitive function was evaluated using the Japanese version of the repeatable battery for the assessment of neuropsychological status (RBANS) test...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811799/diversity-physiochemical-and-phylogenetic-analyses-of-bacteria-isolated-from-various-drinking-water-sources
#15
Neveen H Eid, Huda A Al Doghaither, Taha A Kumosani, Munazza Gull
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the indigenous bacterial strains of drinking water from the most commercial water types including bottled and filtered water that are currently used in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: Thirty randomly selected commercial brands of bottled water were purchased from Saudi local markets. Moreover, samples from tap water and filtered water were collected in sterilized glass bottles and stored at 4°C. Biochemical analyses including pH, temperature, lactose fermentation test (LAC), indole test (IND), methyl red test (MR), Voges-Proskauer test (VP), urease test (URE), catalase test (CAT), aerobic and anaerobic test (Ae/An) were measured...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811221/is-the-hype-around-the-reproductive-health-claims-of-maca-lepidium-meyenii-walp-justified
#16
REVIEW
Shruti Beharry, Michael Heinrich
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Maca - Lepidium meyenii Walp. has been cultivated and used by Andean people for over 1300-2000 years in Peru as food and medicine. Starting in the late 1990's it has developed into an important herbal medicine in China and is now cultivated there widely, too AIM OF STUDY: This study aims to provide an insight into the emergence of maca on the global market as an alternative remedy to treat reproductive health related problems in both men and women and to critically assess these health claims...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790923/gut-microbiome-response-to-sucralose-and-its-potential-role-in-inducing-liver-inflammation-in-mice
#17
Xiaoming Bian, Liang Chi, Bei Gao, Pengcheng Tu, Hongyu Ru, Kun Lu
Sucralose is the most widely used artificial sweetener, and its health effects have been highly debated over the years. In particular, previous studies have shown that sucralose consumption can alter the gut microbiota. The gut microbiome plays a key role in processes related to host health, such as food digestion and fermentation, immune cell development, and enteric nervous system regulation. Inflammation is one of the most common effects associated with gut microbiome dysbiosis, which has been linked to a series of human diseases, such as diabetes and obesity...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749420/physicochemical-and-sensorial-characterization-of-honey-spirits
#18
Ofélia Anjos, David Frazão, Ilda Caldeira
Distilled spirits are usually made from fermented sugar-based materials, such as wines or fermented fruits, but other products can be used, namely berries or honey. In this work, an evaluation of honey spirits is done based on its physicochemical and sensory characteristics. Fourteen honey spirit samples of different brands of honey spirit were purchased at the market and from artisan Portuguese producers. Several analytical determinations, namely alcoholic strength, dry matter, density, total acidity, chromatic characteristics, methanol, acetaldehyde, ethyl acetate and higher alcohols were done to characterize all samples...
July 27, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703961/effect-of-addition-of-wild-garlic-allium-ursinum-on-the-quality-of-kefirs-from-sheep-s-milk
#19
Agata Znamirowska, Katarzyna Szajnar, Przemysław Rożek, Dorota Kalicka, Piotr Kuźniar, Paweł Hanus, Krzysztof Kotula, Marcin Obirek, Maciej Kluz
BACKGROUND: Sheep’s milk has a high content of total solids, which qualifies it as a very good raw material for the production of fermented milk drinks. Currently, there are commercially produced kefirs and yogurts from sheep’s milk in the countries of the Mediterranean region. The growing interest in the consumption of these products is justified not only by their taste merits, but also because of their health-promoting proper- ties. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of the addition of 1% of lyophilized wild garlic powder on the properties of kefirs from sheep’s milk...
April 2017: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702019/functional-resilience-and-response-to-a-dietary-additive-kefir-in-models-of-foregut-and-hindgut-microbial-fermentation-in-vitro
#20
Gabriel de la Fuente, Eleanor Jones, Shann Jones, Charles J Newbold
Stability in gut ecosystems is an important area of study that impacts on the use of additives and is related with several pathologies. Kefir is a fermented milk drink made with a consortium of yeast and bacteria as a fermentation starter, of which the use as additive in companion and livestock animals has increased in the last few years. To investigate the effect of kefir milk on foregut and hindgut digestive systems, an in vitro approach was followed. Either rumen fluid or horse fecal contents were used as a microbial inoculate and the inclusion of kefir (fresh, autoclaved, or pasteurized) was tested...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
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