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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701493/effect-of-cellobiose-supplementation-and-dietary-soluble-fibre-content-on-in-vitro-caecal-fermentation-of-carbohydrate-rich-substrates-in-rabbits
#1
César Ocasio-Vega, Rodrigo Abad-Guamán, Rebeca Delgado, Rosa Carabaño, María Dolores Carro, Javier García
The in vitro caecal fermentation of five substrates low in starch and protein content [d-(+)-glucose (GLU), d-cellobiose (CEL), sugar beet pectin (PEC), sugar beet pulp (SBP) and wheat straw (WS)] was investigated using soft faeces from rabbits receiving different levels of cellobiose and soluble fibre as inoculum. A total of 24 rabbits were supplemented 3 levels of cellobiose in the drinking water (0.0, 7.5, 15.0 g/l) and fed two experimental diets containing either low soluble fibre (LSF) or high soluble fibre (HSF) levels (84...
April 27, 2018: Archives of Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609865/dairy-shows-different-associations-with-abdominal-and-bmi-defined-overweight-cross-sectional-analyses-exploring-a-variety-of-dairy-products
#2
E M Brouwer-Brolsma, D Sluik, C M Singh-Povel, E J M Feskens
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Previous studies have suggested weight-regulatory properties for several dairy nutrients, but population-based studies on dairy and body weight are inconclusive. We explored cross-sectional associations between dairy consumption and indicators of overweight. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included 114,682 Dutch adults, aged ≥18 years. Dairy consumption was quantified by a food frequency questionnaire. Abdominal overweight was defined as waist circumference (WC) ≥88 cm (women) or ≥102 cm (men) (n = 37,391), overweight as BMI ≥25-30 kg/m2 (n = 44,772) and obesity as BMI ≥30 kg/m2 (n = 15,339)...
March 30, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574331/butyrate-from-pectin-fermentation-inhibits-intestinal-cholesterol-absorption-and-attenuates-atherosclerosis-in-apolipoprotein-e-deficient-mice
#3
Ying Chen, Chengfang Xu, Rong Huang, Jiayi Song, Di Li, Min Xia
Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), the major products of dietary fiber fermentation by intestinal microflora, exert beneficial effects on pathogenesis of multiple metabolic diseases. The aim of this study was to determine whether SCFAs from fermentation of pectin (PE), a soluble dietary fiber, prevent the development of atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E-deficient (apoE-/- ) mice. Male apoE-/- mice (8-week-old) were fed a high-fat, high-cholesterol diet (HCD; 21% wt/wt fat, 0.15% wt/wt cholesterol) or HCD supplemented with 20% wt/wt PE (HCD+PE) alone or with antibiotics (HCD+PE + A) in drinking water for 12 weeks...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570652/gc-ms-based-metabolomics-and-nmr-spectroscopy-investigation-of-food-intake-biomarkers-for-milk-and-cheese-in-serum-of-healthy-humans
#4
Alessia Trimigno, Linda Münger, Gianfranco Picone, Carola Freiburghaus, Grégory Pimentel, Nathalie Vionnet, François Pralong, Francesco Capozzi, René Badertscher, Guy Vergères
The identification and validation of food intake biomarkers (FIBs) in human biofluids is a key objective for the evaluation of dietary intake. We report here the analysis of the GC-MS and 1H-NMR metabolomes of serum samples from a randomized cross-over study in 11 healthy volunteers having consumed isocaloric amounts of milk, cheese, and a soy drink as non-dairy alternative. Serum was collected at baseline, postprandially up to 6 h, and 24 h after consumption. A multivariate analysis of the untargeted serum metabolomes, combined with a targeted analysis of candidate FIBs previously reported in urine samples from the same study, identified galactitol, galactonate, and galactono-1,5-lactone (milk), 3-phenyllactic acid (cheese), and pinitol (soy drink) as candidate FIBs for these products...
March 23, 2018: Metabolites
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526219/microbial-diversity-and-chemical-analysis-of-the-starters-used-in-traditional-chinese-sweet-rice-wine
#5
Haiying Cai, Ting Zhang, Qi Zhang, Jie Luo, Chenggang Cai, Jianwei Mao
Chinese sweet rice wine (CSRW) is a popular alcoholic drink in China. To investigate the effect of the microbial composition in CSRW starters on the final quality of the alcoholic drink, high-throughput sequencing on the fungal internal transcribed spacer II and bacterial 16S rRNA gene of the microflora in 8 starter samples was performed. The sequencing data analysis showed that 10 genera of yeasts and mold, and 11 genera of bacteria were identified. Fungal diversity analyses showed the significant variances in the fungal compositions among the starter samples...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522694/chickpea-supplementation-prior-to-colitis-onset-reduces-inflammation-in-dextran-sodium-sulfate-treated-c57bl-6-male-mice
#6
Jennifer M Monk, Wenqing Wu, Laurel H McGillis, Hannah R Wellings, Amber L Hutchinson, Danyelle M Liddle, Daniela Graf, Lindsay E Robinson, Krista A Power
The potential for a chickpea supplemented diet (rich in fermentable non-digestible carbohydrates and phenolic compounds) to modify the colonic microenvironment and attenuate the severity of acute colonic inflammation was investigated. C57Bl/6 male mice were fed a control basal diet (BD) or BD supplemented with 20% cooked chickpea flour for 3 weeks prior to acute colitis onset induced by 7-day exposure to dextran sodium sulfate (DSS, 2% w/v in drinking water) and colon and serum levels of inflammatory mediators were assessed...
March 9, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500584/preclinical-evaluation-of-avermectins-as-novel-therapeutic-agents-for-alcohol-use-disorders
#7
REVIEW
Sheraz Khoja, Nhat Huynh, Alicia M P Warnecke, Liana Asatryan, Michael W Jakowec, Daryl L Davies
The deleterious effects of alcohol use disorders (AUDs) on human health have been documented worldwide. The enormous socioeconomic burden coupled with lack of efficacious pharmacotherapies underlies the need for improved treatment strategies. At present, there is a growing body of preclinical evidence that demonstrates the potential of avermectins [ivermectin (IVM), selamectin (SEL), abamectin (ABM), and moxidectin (MOX)] in treatment of AUDs. Avermectins are derived by fermentation of soil micro-organism, Streptomyces avermitilis, and have been extensively used for treatment of parasitic infections...
June 2018: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486772/probiotic-fruit-beverages-with-different-polyphenol-profiles-attenuated-early-insulin-response
#8
Jie Xu, Tommy Jönsson, Merichel Plaza, Åsa Håkansson, Martin Antonsson, Irini Lazou Ahrén, Charlotta Turner, Peter Spégel, Yvonne Granfeldt
BACKGROUND: Consumption of polyphenol-rich fruits and vegetables may improve postprandial glucose and insulin levels and hence promote well-being. Previously it has been observed that consumption of bilberry decreases the postprandial insulin demand. The intention with the present study was to compare the impact of different supplements with various polyphenol profiles, on the postprandial glucose and insulin responses in healthy young adults. METHODS: In a randomized, controlled, crossover study the postprandial glycemic and insulin responses were observed in eleven healthy adults after intake of five different beverages containing bilberry (European blueberry), blackcurrant, beetroot, mango and rose hip, respectively; all drinks were enriched with the same composition of fermented oatmeal and probiotics...
February 27, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414641/lactobacillus-plantarum-an1-cells-increase-caecal-l-reuteri-in-an-icr-mouse-model-of-dextran-sodium-sulphate-induced-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#9
Yasushi Yokota, Ayane Shikano, Takashi Kuda, Moemi Takei, Hajime Takahashi, Bon Kimura
To clarify the different effects of live and heat-killed probiotics on inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), the anti-inflammatory and protective effects of Lactobacillus plantarum AN1 cells isolated from the fermented fish aji-narezushi on murine macrophage RAW264.7 cells and in ICR mice with dextran sodium sulphate (DSS)-induced IBD were determined. L. plantarum AN1 cells showed anti-inflammatory activities in vitro, indicated by secretion of nitric oxide (NO) from RAW264.7 cells in the presence and absence of Escherichia coli 0111 lipopolysaccharide (LPS)...
March 2018: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378050/corrigendum-for-takeda-k-et-al-effects-of-a-fermented-milk-drink-containing-lactobacillus-casei-strain-shirota-on-the-human-nk-cell-activity-j-nutr-2007-137-suppl-791s-3s
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316900/epidemiology-and-factors-associated-with-amoebic-liver-abscess-in-northern-sri-lanka
#11
Selvam Kannathasan, Arumugam Murugananthan, Thirunavukarasu Kumanan, Nilanthi Renuka de Silva, Nadarajah Rajeshkannan, Rashidul Haque, Devika Iddawela
BACKGROUND: Clinically diagnosed amoebic liver abscess (ALA) caused by Entamoeba histolytica has been an important public health problem in Jaffna district, northern Sri Lanka for last three decades. In order to draw up a control strategy for elimination of this condition, knowledge of its epidemiology and factors associated with this condition in the local context is vital. METHODS: All clinically diagnosed ALA patients admitted to the Teaching Hospital, Jaffna during the study period were included in the study and the data were collected using an interviewer administered questionnaire...
January 10, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216922/lactic-fermented-egg-white-improves-visceral-fat-obesity-in-japanese-subjects-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#12
Ryosuke Matsuoka, Keiko Kamachi, Mika Usuda, Wei Wang, Yasunobu Masuda, Masaaki Kunou, Akira Tanaka, Kazunori Utsunomiya
BACKGROUND: It was reported that egg white protein (EWP) reduced body fat in rats. We developed a lactic-fermented egg white (LE) that facilitates the consumption of egg whites by fermenting them with lactobacillus, and were able to study their intake in humans. In this double-blind, placebo-controlled design, we evaluated the effect of LE on visceral fat area (VFA). METHODS: Participants included 37 adult males and females aged ≥40 years (VFA at navel ≥100 cm2 )...
December 8, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174530/increased-cortical-neuronal-responses-to-nmda-and-improved-attentional-set-shifting-performance-in-rats-following-prebiotic-b-gos-%C3%A2-ingestion
#13
Benjamin Gronier, Helene M Savignac, Mathieu Di Miceli, Sherif M Idriss, George Tzortzis, Daniel Anthony, Philip W J Burnet
We have previously shown that prebiotics (dietary fibres that augment the growth of indigenous beneficial gut bacteria) such as Bimuno™ galacto-oligosaccharides (B-GOS® ), increased N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor levels in the rat brain. The current investigation examined the functional correlates of these changes in B-GOS® -fed rats by measuring cortical neuronal responses to NMDA using in vivo NMDA micro-iontophoresis electrophysiology, and performance in the attentional set-shifting task. Adult male rats were supplemented with B-GOS® in the drinking water 3 weeks prior to in vivo iontophoresis or behavioural testing...
January 2018: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163391/-colletotrichum-gloeosporioides-contaminated-tea-infusion-blocks-lipids-reduction-and-induces-kidney-damage-in-mice
#14
Jin Li, Kang Sun, Qingping Ma, Jin Chen, Le Wang, Dingjun Yang, Xuan Chen, Xinghui Li
When the homogenate of fresh tea tree leaves was fermented to produce black tea beverage, the Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (main pathogen or endophyte of Camellia sinensis ) may be mixed into the fermentation liquor. However, it was unclear whether C. gloeosporioides- contaminated tea beverage would damage human health. Therefore, we investigated the changes of functional components and the influences on mice. C. gloeosporioides was added to the green tea infusion. After cultivation of 48 h, tea polyphenols, caffeine, and L-theanine decreased by 31...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156932/adequacy-of-the-dietary-intake-of-total-and-added-sugars-in-the-spanish-diet-to-the-recommendations-anibes-study
#15
Enma Ruiz, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras
INTRODUCTION: The WHO published in 2015 its recommendations for added sugars intake: < 10% of the total energy (TE) intake in both adults and children. No updated information is available in Spain. OBJECTIVES: To examine total sugar intake, mainly focused on added, and food and beverage sources. To analize fulfillment with WHO recommendations. METHODS: The ANIBES Study of a representative sample of the Spanish population (9-75 yr) was used...
October 15, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152918/cosmeceutical-effect-of-ethyl-acetate-fraction-of-kombucha-tea-by-intradermal-administration-in-the-skin-of-aged-mice
#16
Nafiseh Pakravan, Elaheh Mahmoudi, Seyed-Ali Hashemi, Jamal Kamali, Reza Hajiaghayi, Mitra Rahimzadeh, Vajiheh Mahmoodi
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Natural ingredients have been always an interesting approach to prolong youthful appearance of skin. One of the natural compounds is Kombucha tea (KT), which has been mainly used as an energy drink in Asian countries for a long time. Previous reports indicated that it has pharmaceutical and favorable wound repairing effects. The beneficial properties of KT are thought to be mainly due to the presence of fermentation products such as flavonoids and other polyphenols with inhibition of hydrolytic and oxidative enzymes and anti-inflammatory effects...
November 19, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097471/draft-genome-sequences-of-two-lactobacillus-casei-strains-isolated-from-cheddar-cheese-and-a-fermented-milk-drink
#17
Akhikun Nahar, Anthony L Baker, John P Bowman, Margaret L Britz
MiSeq Illumina shotgun sequencing technology was used to sequence two Lactobacillus casei strains, designated strains GCRL 163 and MJA 12. The estimated genome sizes for GCRL 163 and MJA 12 were 2.9 Mb and 3.1 Mb, with 46.35% and 46.31% GC contents, respectively.
November 2, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029754/oral-pathology-patterns-in-late-farmers-of-the-central-andes-a-comparative-perspective-between-coastal-and-highland-populations
#18
Luis Pezo-Lanfranco, Arturo Peralta, Sonia Guillén, Sabine Eggers
Aiming at future comparisons with earlier hunter-gatherers or transitional populations, this paper intends to characterize and describe the oral pathology pattern of late agriculturalists from Central Andes dating to the Late Intermediate Period (LIP) and Inca periods (1000-1532 CE), and identify differences and/or similarities between coastal and highland populations. Although the botanical inventories of the LIP suggest carbohydrate-rich diets and similar components, it has been hypothesized that coastal and highland populations had, nevertheless, substantially different oral pathology patterns...
October 2017: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987358/regulatory-efficacy-of-fermented-plant-extract-on-the-intestinal-microflora-and-lipid-profile-in-mildly-hypercholesterolemic-individuals
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Hui-Fang Chiu, Yen-Jung Chen, Yan-Ying Lu, Yi-Chun Han, You-Cheng Shen, Kamesh Venkatakrishnan, Chin-Kun Wang
In recent years, the use of fermented plant products to protect against various metabolic syndromes has been increasing enormously. The objective of this study was to check the regulatory efficacy of fermented plant extract (FPE) on intestinal microflora, lipid profile, and antioxidant status in mildly hypercholesterolemic volunteers. Forty-four mildly hypercholesterolemic individuals (cholesterol 180-220 mg/dL) were recruited and assigned to two groups: experimental or placebo. Volunteers were requested to drink either 60 mL of FPE or placebo for 8 weeks...
October 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941691/dynamic-profiling-of-different-ready-to-drink-fermented-dairy-products-a-comparative-study-using-temporal-check-all-that-apply-tcata-temporal-dominance-of-sensations-tds-and-progressive-profile-pp
#20
Erick A Esmerino, John C Castura, Juliana P Ferraz, Elson R Tavares Filho, Ramon Silva, Adriano G Cruz, Mônica Q Freitas, Helena M A Bolini
Despite the several differences in ingredients, processes and nutritional values, dairy foods as yogurts, fermented milks and milk beverages are widely accepted worldwide, and although they have their sensory profiling normally covered by descriptive analyses, the temporal perception involved during the consumption are rarely considered. In this sense, the present work aimed to assess the dynamic sensory profile of three categories of fermented dairy products using different temporal methodologies: Temporal Dominance of Sensations (TDS), Progressive Profiling (PP), Temporal CATA (TCATA), and compare the results obtained...
November 2017: Food Research International
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