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parvoviruses induced anemia

Safder S Ganaie, Jianming Qiu
Parvovirus B19 (B19V) is pathogenic to humans and causes bone marrow failure diseases and various other inflammatory disorders. B19V infection exhibits high tropism for human erythroid progenitor cells (EPCs) in the bone marrow and fetal liver. The exclusive restriction of B19V replication to erythroid lineage cells is partly due to the expression of receptor and co-receptor(s) on the cell surface of human EPCs and partly depends on the intracellular factors essential for virus replication. We first summarize the latest developments in the viral entry process and the host cellular factors or pathways critical for B19V replication...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Nay Win, Malcolm Needs, Nicole Thornton, Robert Webster, Cherry Chang
BACKGROUND: The therapeutic value of the use of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) to correct anemia and thrombocytopenia as a result of immunologic causes (hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn and fetal or neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia) have been well established. Few published papers exist regarding the use of IVIG in adult settings. We report two patients with clinically significant antibodies against high-incidence antigens, who were successfully transfused with incompatible red blood cells (RBCs), in conjunction with IVIG plus steroids and IVIG...
May 6, 2018: Transfusion
Christelle El Khoury, Hussein Farhat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2018: Blood
Aubid Hussain Bhat, Bhaskar Ganguly, Ashok Kumar Tiwari, Arup Kumar Das
The oncolytic effect of Canine Parvovirus ns1 gene and Chicken Anemia vp3 gene in naturally occurring cases of Canine Transmissible Venereal Tumor (CTVT) is being reported. Dogs suffering from CTVT (N = 18) were systematically randomized into three groups viz. A, B, and C (n = 6). Animals of the groups A, B, and C received 100 µg of the ns1 gene, vp3 gene, and ns1  +  vp3 gene combination, respectively, for three weeks intratumorally at weekly intervals; results were normalized against base values before commencement of therapy and after complete remission that were taken as negative and positive controls, respectively...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
Ayaka Kawabe, Yasushi Takai, Jun-Ichi Tamaru, Kouki Samejima, Hiroyuki Seki
BACKGROUND: There is concern about the development of anemia-associated fetal hydrops associated with maternal parvovirus B19 infection. Parvovirus B19 infection occurs via the globoside (P antigen) receptor, the main glycolipid of erythroid cells, which induces apoptosis. Similar findings have been reported for the P antigen of globoside-containing placental trophoblast cells. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 32-year-old woman was infected with human parvovirus B19 at week 32 of pregnancy, and had severe anemia at week 34...
2016: SpringerPlus
N Sarper, N Yalman, S Anak, H Bilgen, S Özgenç, E Can, G Gedikoğlu
A four year-old-girl with Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) that was resistant to corticosteroid treatment and transfusion dependent underwent (bone marrow transplantation) BMT from HLA identical sibling. The patient was conditioned with busulfan and cyclophosphamide and achieved complete marrow engraftment and mixed chimerism in DNA analysis. For the following 13 months she was not transfusion dependent and had a 100% Karnofsky score. But on the 14th month she had anemia ollowing fever, rash and enteritis. Parvovirus B19 IgM seropositivity confirmed Parvovirus infection...
September 5, 2000: Turkish Journal of Haematology: Official Journal of Turkish Society of Haematology
Jane S Hankins, Rhiannon R Penkert, Paul Lavoie, Li Tang, Yilun Sun, Julia L Hurwitz
Parvovirus B19 infection causes transient aplastic crisis in sickle cell disease (SCD) due to a temporary interruption in the red blood cell production. Toxicity from hydroxyurea includes anemia and reticulocytopenia, both of which also occur during a transient aplastic crisis event. Hydroxyurea inhibits proliferation of hematopoietic cells and may be immunosuppressive. We postulated that hydroxyurea could exacerbate parvovirus B19-induced aplastic crisis and inhibit the development of specific immune responses in children with SCD...
April 2016: Experimental Biology and Medicine
Samin Alavi, Nahid Arabi, Mohammad Kaji Yazdi, Mohammad Taghi Arzanian, Farahnaz Zohrehbandian
Human parvovirus (HPV) B19 induced aplastic crisis in a family leading to the diagnosis of hereditary spherocytosis (HS) is a very rare condition being barely reported in the literature. We herein report a 4-year-old girl, her brother, and their mother who all presented with progressive pallor and jaundice after a febrile illness. The HPV B19 was diagnosed using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and positive serology for specific anti-HPV B19 IgM. They were further diagnosed with having HS. The clinical importance of this report is that in the case of an abrupt onset of unexplained severe anemia and jaundice, one should consider underlying hemolytic anemias mostly hereditary spherocytosis complicated by HPV B19 aplastic crisis...
September 2015: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Emily R Blauel, Lily T Grossmann, Madhav Vissa, Scott T Miller
In a patient with sickle cell disease receiving chronic transfusion, exacerbation of anemia with reticulocytopenia must prompt consideration of a delayed hemolytic transfusion reaction with hyperhemolysis, as further transfusion may worsen this condition; definitive diagnosis is sometimes difficult. Anemia evolving during parvovirus B19-induced erythroid hypoplasia (transient aplastic crisis) should be attenuated in chronic transfusion patients due to superior survival of transfused over endogenous red blood cells...
October 2015: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
Zahra Shabani, Maryam Esghaei, Hossein Keyvani, Fateme Shabani, Fateme Sarmadi, Hamidreza Mollaie, Seyed Hamidreza Monavari
BACKGROUND: Infection with parvovirus B19 may cause fetal losses including spontaneous abortion, intrauterine fetal death and non-immune hydrops fetalis. The aim of this study is to determine the frequency of parvovirus B19 in formalin fixed placental tissues in lost fetuses using real-time PCR method. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 100 formalin fixed placental tissues with unknown cause of fetal death were determined using real-time PCR method after DNA extraction...
2015: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Chi-Ching Chen, Chin-Shan Chen, Wei-Yao Wang, Jui-Shan Ma, Hwei-Fan Shu, Frank S Fan
INTRODUCTION: Parvovirus B19 virus commonly causes subclinical infection, but it can prove fatal to the fetus during pregnancy and cause severe anemia in an adult with hemolytic diseases. We present the case of a woman with autoimmune hemolytic anemia who was diagnosed with parvovirus B19-induced transient aplastic crisis during her second trimester of pregnancy and faced the high risk of both fetal and maternal complications related to this specific viral infection. To the best of our knowledge, the experience of successful intravenous immunoglobulin treatment for B19 virus infection during pregnancy, as in our case, is limited...
March 12, 2015: Journal of Medical Case Reports
S Welcker, M Heckmann
Parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection during pregnancy can lead to fetal damage and even fetal loss. In some cases a severe fetal anemia with hydrops fetalis occurs. An intrauterine red blood cell transfusion can reduce the mortality rate. Neurodevelopmental outcome after fetal B19V infection is affected by fetal anemia and presumably direct infection of the CNS. There are only a few studies on long-term neurodevelopmental outcome after B19V infection induced hydrops fetalis. There are hardly any long-term data especially in preterm infants...
June 2015: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
Tunny Sebastian, Bijesh Yadav, Lakshmanan Jeyaseelan, Reeta Vijayaselvi, Ruby Jose
BACKGROUND: The birth weight and gestational age at birth are two important variables that define neonatal morbidity and mortality. In developed countries, chronic maternal diseases like hypertension, diabetes mellitus, renal disease or collagen vascular disease is the most common cause of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Maternal nutrition, pregnancy induced hypertension, chronic maternal infections, and other infections such as cytomegalovirus, parvovirus, rubella and malaria are the other causes of IUGR...
February 3, 2015: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
L D Rogo, T Mokhtari-Azad, M H Kabir, F Rezaei
UNLABELLED: Parvovirus B19 (B19V) is a small non-enveloped single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) virus of the family Parvoviridae, the subfamily Parvovirinae, the genus Erythrovirus and Human parvovirus B19 type species. It is a common community-acquired respiratory pathogen without ethnic, socioeconomic, gender, age or geographic boundaries. Moreover, the epidemiological and ecological relationships between human parvovirus B19, man and environment have aroused increasing interest in this virus...
2014: Acta Virologica
Zakieh Rostamzadeh Khameneh, Haleh Hanifian, Razieh Barzegari, Nariman Sepehrvand
BACKGROUND: Parvovirus B19 infection is associated with clinical symptoms that vary in the spectrum from trivial to severe. The important clinical manifestations are erythema infectiosum or the fifth disease, transient aplastic anemia in patients with hemoglobinopathies, acute polyarthralgia syndrome in adults, hydrops fetalis, spontaneous abortion and stillbirth. Acute infection in nonimmune pregnant women can lead to fetal hydrops. In view of the many complications that can result from acute parvovirus B19 infections during pregnancy, documenting the seroprevalence of anti-parvovirus B19 IgG and its association with the history of abortion in an Iranian population of pregnant women would be of value...
July 2014: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
Claude Backendorf, Mathieu H M Noteborn
The chicken anemia virus derived protein apoptin harbors cancer-selective cell killing characteristics, essentially based on phosphorylation-mediated nuclear transfer in cancer cells and efficient cytoplasmic degradation in normal cells. Here, we describe a growing set of preclinical experiments underlying the promises of the anti-cancer potential of apoptin. Various non-replicative oncolytic viral vector systems have revealed the safety and efficacy of apoptin. In addition, apoptin enhanced the oncolytic potential of adenovirus, parvovirus and Newcastle disease virus vectors...
2014: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Fumihiko Hayakawa, Akihiro Tomita, Tomoki Naoe
Cases 1 and 2 were 55- and 68-year-old males, respectively. Both were administered deferasirox (DFX) because they received red blood cell transfusions regularly as treatment for myelodysplastic syndrome refractory anemia. DFX administrations were stopped on the 22nd day in case 1 and on the 78th day in case 2 because significantly reduced hemoglobin values and reticulocyte counts were observed. Bone marrow examinations showed pure red cell aplasia in both cases. In case 1, the reticulocyte ratio recovered to the value before drug administration 21 days after drug withdrawal...
April 2014: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
Yujin Kobayashi, Yoshihiro Hatta, Yusaku Ishiwatari, Hitoshi Kanno, Masami Takei
BACKGROUND: Although there are several case reports of human parvovirus B19 infection in patients with hereditary spherocytosis, no systematic reviews of adult patients with hereditary spherocytosis with human parvovirus B19 infection have been published as clinical case reports. In this study, we report a case of aplastic crisis due to human parvovirus B19 infection in an adult patient with hereditary spherocytosis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 33-year-old woman with hereditary spherocytosis and gallstones was admitted because of rapid progress in marked anemia and fever...
2014: BMC Research Notes
Zakieh Rostamzadeh Khameneh, Nariman Sepehrvand, Vahid Sohrabi, Nazafarin Ghasemzadeh
Parvovirus B19 is a DNA virus that is responsible for causing several diseases in humans. Parvovirus B19-induced persistent anemia is one of its manifestations that is relatively common in transplant recipients. This study was aimed to investigate the seroprevalence of parvovirus B19 among kidney transplant recipients. Ninety-one transplant recipients were selected randomly and were investigated for several variables including age, gender, educational status, history of hemodialysis (HD), history of blood transfusion and immunosuppressive therapy...
January 2014: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Federico Cicora, Marta Paz, Fernando Mos, Javier Roberti
Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA), a severe complication of renal transplantation, is a pathological process involving microvascular occlusion, thrombocytopenia, and microangiopathic hemolytic anemia. It generally appears within the first weeks after transplantation, when immunosuppressive drugs are used at high doses. De novo TMA may also be drug-induced when calcineurin inhibitors or proliferation signal inhibitors are used. We report three cases of de novo drug-induced TMA in renal transplant patients who were managed by replacing calcineurin inhibitors or proliferation signal inhibitors with belatacept, a primary maintenance immunosuppressive drug, which blocks the CD28 costimulation pathway, preventing the activation of T lymphocytes...
2013: Case Reports in Medicine
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