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fistula after lumbar CSF trauma in child

M Bernal-Sprekelsen, C Bleda-Vázquez, R L Carrau
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage may cause immediate or delayed complications, such as ascending meningitis and brain abscess, potentially lethal complications that may appear years or decades after the trauma. Thus, the initial treatment of a CSF fistula may decisively influence long-term outcome. In a retrospective study including 1036 consecutive patients presenting with severe cranial trauma from May 1990 to March 1996, we identified 27 patients (2.6%) with CSF fistulas. Patients with a post-traumatic CSF leak were most commonly males between 15 and 40 years involved in a motor vehicle accident...
July 2000: American Journal of Rhinology
H M Hegazy, R L Carrau, C H Snyderman, A Kassam, J Zweig
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Trauma and surgery are the most common causes of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea. Surgical repair is recommended for patients with CSF leaks that do not respond to conservative measures, traumatic CSF leaks that require transcranial surgery for associated brain injuries, and iatrogenic defects that are discovered intraoperatively. The purpose of our study was to ascertain the outcome after transnasal endoscopic repair of CSF leaks and to identify factors regarding the patient, CSF fistula, and treatment that may influence the results of the repair...
July 2000: Laryngoscope
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