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Autoimmunity and hpv vaccines

Osamu Hotta, Ayaki Tanaka, Akira Torigoe, Kazuaki Imai, Norio Ieiri
The epipharynx is an immunologically active site even under normal conditions, and enhanced immunologic activation is prone to occur in response to an upper respiratory infection, air pollution, and possibly to vaccine adjuvants. Due to the potential link between the central nervous system and immune function, a relationship between epipharyngitis and autonomic nervous disturbance as well as autoimmune disease has been suggested. Various functional somatic symptoms have been described after human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination, although a causal relationship has not been established...
September 3, 2016: Immunologic Research
Svetlana Blitshteyn, Jill Brook
We describe a young woman who developed POTS with positive serum anti-NMDA receptor antibodies and no evidence of encephalitis after vaccination with HPV vaccine, Cervarix. Her symptoms improved significantly with immunomodulatory therapy and re-occurred after immunomodulatory therapy was stopped, suggesting an autoimmune etiology of POTS after vaccination.
August 25, 2016: Immunologic Research
Beniamino Palmieri, Dimitri Poddighe, Maria Vadalà, Carmen Laurino, Carla Carnovale, Emilio Clementi
Human papilloma virus (HPV) is recognized as a major cause for cervical cancer among women worldwide. Two HPV vaccines are currently available: Gardasil(®) and Cervarix(®). Both vaccines enclose viral antigenic proteins, but differ as to the biological systems of culture and the adjuvant components. Recently, a collection of symptoms, indicating nervous system dysfunction, has been described after HPV vaccination. We retrospectively described a case series including 18 girls (aged 12-24 years) referred to our "Second Opinion Medical Network" for the evaluation of "neuropathy with autonomic dysfunction" after HPV vaccination...
August 9, 2016: Immunologic Research
O Grönlund, E Herweijer, K Sundström, L Arnheim-Dahlström
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether quadrivalent human papillomavirus (qHPV) vaccination is associated with increased incidence of new-onset autoimmune disease in girls and women with pre-existing autoimmune disease. METHODS: This register-based open cohort study included all girls and women between 10 and 30 years of age in Sweden in 2006-2012 diagnosed with at least one of 49 prespecified autoimmune diseases (n = 70 265). Incidence rate ratios were estimated for new-onset autoimmune disease within 180 days of qHPV vaccination using Poisson regression adjusting for, country of birth, parental country of birth, parental income and parental education...
July 31, 2016: Journal of Internal Medicine
Corinne Willame, Dominique Rosillon, Julia Zima, Maria-Genalin Angelo, Anke L Stuurman, Hilde Vroling, Rachael Boggon, Eveline M Bunge, Manel Pladevall-Vila, Laurence Baril
To assess the risk of autoimmune disease (AD) in 9-25 year-old women within 1 year after the first AS04-HPV-16/18vaccine dose, a retrospective, observational database cohort study was conducted using CPRD GOLD. From CPRD GOLD four cohorts (65,000 subjects each) were retrieved: 1 exposed female cohort (received ≥1 AS04-HPV-16/18vaccine dose between Sep2008-Aug2010) and 3 unexposed cohorts: historical female (Sep2005-Aug2007), concurrent male, and historical male. Co-primary endpoints were confirmed neuroinflammatory/ophthalmic AD and other AD, secondary endpoints were confirmed individual AD...
July 18, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Rotem Inbar, Ronen Weiss, Lucija Tomljenovic, Maria-Teresa Arango, Yael Deri, Christopher A Shaw, Joab Chapman, Miri Blank, Yehuda Shoenfeld
Vaccine adjuvants and vaccines may induce autoimmune and inflammatory manifestations in susceptible individuals. To date most human vaccine trials utilize aluminum (Al) adjuvants as placebos despite much evidence showing that Al in vaccine-relevant exposures can be toxic to humans and animals. We sought to evaluate the effects of Al adjuvant and the HPV vaccine Gardasil versus the true placebo on behavioral and inflammatory parameters in female mice. Six-week-old C57BL/6 female mice were injected with either, Gardasil, Gardasil + pertussis toxin (Pt), Al hydroxide, or, vehicle control in amounts equivalent to human exposure...
July 16, 2016: Immunologic Research
Mojca Bizjak, Or Bruck, Sonja Praprotnik, Shani Dahan, Yehuda Shoenfeld
A 20-year-old man developed severe abdominal pain 1 week after being vaccinated with the first dose of quadrivalent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine (Gardasil(®)). Despite ongoing symptoms of nausea and pain, he received the second dose of the vaccine. Only 10 days later, laboratory results revealed significantly elevated pancreatic enzymes, and with concomitant abdominal pain and vomiting, he was diagnosed with acute pancreatitis. This case of acute pancreatitis after HPV vaccination is not a novel entity...
July 16, 2016: Immunologic Research
Luis J Jara, Grettel García-Collinot, Gabriela Medina, Maria Del Pilar Cruz-Dominguez, Olga Vera-Lastra, Rosa A Carranza-Muleiro, Miguel A Saavedra
Autoimmune/inflammatory syndrome induced by adjuvants (ASIA) encompassing conditions linked to previous exposure to an adjuvant substance. The clinical picture is very heterogeneous, from mild to severe manifestations, including death. However, the systematic analysis of severe ASIA cases has not been performed. The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature on severe ASIA cases. A systematic review of the literature was performed investigating severe ASIA cases. All publications were identified through PubMed, EMBASE, MEDLINE and Cochrane...
July 13, 2016: Immunologic Research
David A Geier, Mark R Geier
Gardasil is a quadrivalent human papillomavirus (HPV4) vaccine that was approved for use by the US Food and Drug Administration in June 2006. HPV4 vaccine is routinely recommended for administration to women in the USA who are 11-12 years old by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. Previous studies suggest HPV4 vaccine administration was associated with autoimmune diseases. As a consequence, an epidemiological assessment of the vaccine adverse event reporting system database was undertaken for adverse event reports associated with vaccines administered from 2006 to 2014 to 6-39 year-old recipients with a listed US residence and a specified female gender...
July 13, 2016: Immunologic Research
Anne Hammer, Lone Kjeld Petersen, Nanna Rolving, Martin Faber Boxill, Karen Hansen Kallesøe, Sabine Becker, Ulrich Fredberg, Vibeke Neergaard Sørensen, Charlotte Ulrikka Rask, Per Klausen Fink, Jan Blaakær
HPV vaccination offers protection against ~70% of cervical cancers, however, serious concerns have been raised about the possible side effects from HPV vaccination. Studies have found no increased risk of neurologic disease, autoimmune disorder, thromboembolic disease, postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome, or complex regional pain syndrome in HPV-vaccinated persons compared to unvaccinated persons. Affected individuals should undergo a proper clinical examination to ensure a correct diagnosis and treatment, because symptoms might arise due to a somatic, psychiatric or functional disorder...
June 27, 2016: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Sumanta Dey, Antara De, Ashesh Nandy
Human papillomavirus (HPV) occurs in many types, some of which cause cervical, genital, and other cancers. While vaccination is available against the major cancer-causing HPV types, many others are not covered by these preventive measures. Herein, we present a bioinformatics study for the designing of multivalent peptide vaccines against multiple HPV types as an alternative strategy to the virus-like particle vaccines being used now. Our technique of rational design of peptide vaccines is expected to ensure stability of the vaccine against many cycles of mutational changes, elicit immune response, and negate autoimmune possibilities...
2016: Cancer Informatics
Haruyasu Ito, Kentaro Noda, Kenichiro Hirai, Taro Ukichi, Kazuhiro Furuya, Daitaro Kurosaka
  A 15-year-old young woman received the Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines. Following the second HPV vaccination, intermittent fever, myalgia, arthritis and malar rash developed, and she was admitted to our hospital. Laboratory studies showed positive results for antinuclear antibody, anti-dsDNA antibody and anti-Sm antibody. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) was diagnosed according to the Systemic Lupus International Collaborative Clinics 2012. Magnetic resonance imaging showed abnormal hyperintense areas in the fascia, and en bloc biopsy showed fasciitis...
2016: Nihon Rinshō Men'eki Gakkai Kaishi, Japanese Journal of Clinical Immunology
Ingrid Herta Rotstein Grein, Noortje Groot, Marcela Ignacchiti Lacerda, Nico Wulffraat, Gecilmara Pileggi
Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) are at increased risk for infections. Vaccination is a powerful tool to prevent infections, even in immunocompromised patients. Most non-live vaccines are immunogenic and safe in patients with SLE, even if antibody titres are frequently lower than those of healthy controls. Human papillomavirus (HPV) infections are more prevalent in SLE patients when compared to the healthy population. Low-risk types of this virus cause anogenital warts, while high risk types are strongly related to pre-malignant cervical abnormalities and cervical cancer...
2016: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
Jean-Yves Nau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 23, 2015: Revue Médicale Suisse
Kunal K Dansingani, Mihoko Suzuki, Jonathan Naysan, C Michael Samson, Richard F Spaide, Yale L Fisher
A 20-year-old white woman presented with bilateral acute visual loss (visual acuity: 20/60), panuveitis, and exudative retinal detachments 3 weeks after a second dose of quadrivalent human papillomavirus (HPV4) vaccine. She was treated with oral prednisolone for 6 weeks and responded rapidly. By week 4, vision had normalized and clinical signs resolved. Uveitis after HPV4 vaccination has been reported in two cases. Although the differential diagnosis includes Harada disease, temporal correlation with HPV4 and definitive response to a short course of treatment implicate the vaccine in this case...
October 2015: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
Bradley K Ackerson, Lina S Sy, Jeff Slezak, Chun R Chao, Rulin C Hechter, Harpreet S Takhar, Steven J Jacobsen
BACKGROUND: In observational vaccine safety studies, diagnosis codes assigned prior to or on the day of vaccination (Day 0) are often excluded from analysis of safety signals since they usually represent pre-existing conditions. The limitations of this approach have been described for autoimmune conditions but not for other chronic conditions. We draw on our experience in a post-licensure quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine (HPV4) safety study to examine the effectiveness of exclusion of pre-existing and Day 0 diagnoses of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in excluding prevalent T2DM...
November 17, 2015: Vaccine
Lucija Tomljenovic, Serena Colafrancesco, Carlo Perricone, Yehuda Shoenfeld
We report the case of a 14-year-old girl who developed postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) with chronic fatigue 2 months following Gardasil vaccination. The patient suffered from persistent headaches, dizziness, recurrent syncope, poor motor coordination, weakness, fatigue, myalgias, numbness, tachycardia, dyspnea, visual disturbances, phonophobia, cognitive impairment, insomnia, gastrointestinal disturbances, and a weight loss of 20 pounds. The psychiatric evaluation ruled out the possibility that her symptoms were psychogenic or related to anxiety disorders...
January 2014: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
Britain Baker, Luísa Eça Guimarães, Lucija Tomljenovic, Nancy Agmon-Levin, Yehuda Shoenfeld
INTRODUCTION: With the safety of human papilloma virus vaccine (HPVv) being questioned, this article aims to assess the risks and benefits of the commercially available HPVv. Within the last decade, two vaccines (Gardasil and Cervarix) have been put on the market to prevent infection with the most oncogenic HPV subtypes. Both vaccines contain aluminum adjuvants that are meant to cause a hyper stimulated immune response to prevent HPV infection. AREAS COVERED: The purpose of this paper is to consider the safety of these two vaccines based on the data from the U...
2015: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
Noah Gruber, Yehuda Shoenfeld
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The cause of primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) is multifactorial. Known causes include external factors such as chemotherapy, radiotherapy, exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals, infections that lead to a permanent insult to the ovary, autoimmune conditions, and genetic causes. An association between the quadrivalent antihuman papilloma vaccine (HPV4) and POI was recently suggested. RECENT FINDINGS: An increasing number of cases of POI post-HPV4 are being reported...
August 2015: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Michelle Vichnin, Paolo Bonanni, Nicola P Klein, Suzanne M Garland, Stan L Block, Susanne K Kjaer, Heather L Sings, Gonzalo Perez, Richard M Haupt, Alfred J Saah, Fabio Lievano, Christine Velicer, Rosybel Drury, Barbara J Kuter
BACKGROUND: A quadrivalent human papillomavirus (HPV4) type 6/11/16/18 vaccine (GARDASIL/SILGARD®) has been licensed in many countries around the world for the prevention of cervical, vulvar, vaginal, and anal cancers and precancers, as well as external genital warts causally related to HPV types 6/11/16/18. Across 7 phase 3 clinical trials involving more than 29,000 males and females ages 9-45 years, vaccination was generally well tolerated. Because of its expected public health benefit in reducing cervical cancer and other HPV-related diseases, the vaccine has been implemented in the national vaccination programs of several countries, with over 178 million doses distributed worldwide...
September 2015: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
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