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Methylmethacrylate allergy

Paula Maio, Rodrigo Carvalho, Cristina Amaro, Raquel Santos, Jorge Cardoso
Methylmethacrylate was first reported in 1941 as a cause of contact dermatitis. Since then, occupational contact allergies to acrylates in dentistry, orthopedic surgery, printing industry and industry have been reported, but few reports are found in the literature as a consequence of the contact with sculptured artificial acrylic nails which are increasingly popular. We describe here 3 patients with contact allergy to acrylates in artificial sculptured nails. Patch tests were performed with the Portuguese baseline series of contact allergens and an extended series of acrylates were applied...
January 2, 2012: Dermatology Reports
Maya Lyapina, Maria Dencheva, Assya Krasteva, Mariana Tzekova, Angelina Kisselova-Yaneva
OBJECTIVES: A multitude of acrylic monomers is used in dentistry. Formaldehyde is a ubiquitous chemical agent, which is an ingredient of some dental materials and may be released from methacrylate-based composites. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the incidence and the risk of cross-sensitization to some methacrylic monomers (methylmethacrylate - MMA, triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate - TEGDMA, ethyleneglycol dimethacrylate - EGDMA, 2,2-bis-[4-(2-hydroxy-3-methacrylo-xypropoxy)phenyl]-propane - Bis-GMA, 2-hydroxy-ethyl methacrylate 2-HEMA, and tetrahydrofurfuryl methacrylate) and formaldehyde in students of dentistry, dental professionals and dental patients...
October 2014: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
Mark A Pemberton, Barbara S Lohmann
Acrylic, Poly Methyl Methacrylate (PMMA) based polymers are found in many industrial, professional and consumer products and are of low toxicity, but do contain very low levels of residual monomers and process chemicals that can leach out during handling and use. Methyl Methacrylate, the principle monomer is of low toxicity, but is a recognized weak skin sensitizer. The risk of induction of contact allergy in consumers was determined using a method based upon the Exposure-based Quantitative Risk Assessment approach developed for fragrance ingredients...
August 2014: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
Paul D Siegel, Joseph F Fowler, Brandon F Law, Erin M Warshaw, James S Taylor
BACKGROUND: Epicutaneous patch tests are used to reproduce allergy and diagnose allergic contact dermatitis. Reliable allergen test preparations are required. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to measure the actual concentrations of nickel(II) sulfate hexahydrate (NiSO4 ), methyl methacrylate, formaldehyde, and glutaraldehyde, and to compare them with the labelled concentrations, in commercial patch test allergen preparations found in dermatology clinics where patch testing is routinely performed...
May 2014: Contact Dermatitis
Kristian Fredløv Mose, Klaus Ejner Andersen, Lars Porskjær Christensen
BACKGROUND: The homogeneity of methacrylates in commercial patch test preparations has not yet been investigated. Inhomogeneous patch test preparations may give rise to false-negative or false-positive patch test results in patients suspected of having methacrylate allergy. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the homogeneity of methacrylates in commercial patch test preparations. METHODS: Fresh commercial patch test preparations of methyl methacrylate (MMA) and 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (2-HEMA) from three test material suppliers in Europe were analysed quantitatively by means of normal-phase high-performance liquid chromatography...
October 2013: Contact Dermatitis
L Evrard, D Parent
Oral allergies represent a pathological entity not well known nor diagnosed by dental health professionals. The purpose of this work is to present an information relative to the multidisciplinary steps to be done to solve allergy problems. Three clinical examples of contact oral allergies (to mercury, or gold, or methacrylates) are presented, as to illustrate signs and symptoms of an oral allergy to the more frequent dental materials implied.We discuss the problem of oral allergies from what is known from the scientific literature...
2010: Bulletin du Groupèment International Pour la Recherche Scientifique en Stomatologie & Odontologie
Aaron Mark Drucker, Melanie Dawn Pratt
BACKGROUND: Acrylates are present in a wide variety of products and cause occupational and non-occupational allergic contact dermatitis. There is no clear guidance from the literature as to which allergens should be used for patch-test screening for acrylates. OBJECTIVES: To characterize patients with contact allergy to acrylates and to evaluate the allergens used to screen for acrylate allergy. METHODS: Charts of patients visiting an outpatient contact dermatitis clinic from January 1998 to February 2008 were reviewed retrospectively...
March 2011: Dermatitis
Hilde Molvig Kopperud, Inger Sjøvik Kleven, Hanne Wellendorf
The aim of this study was to analyse leachable monomers, additives, and degradation products from polymer-based orthodontic base-plate materials. One heat-cured resin (Orthocryl), one light-cured (Triad VLC), and three thermoplastic materials (Biocryl C, Essix A+, and Essix Embrace) were investigated. Elution was performed in water at 37°C for 10 days. The extract medium was changed and analysed daily. Chromatographic methods were used to identify and quantify the leachables. In addition, the content of residual methyl methacrylate (MMA) was quantified in the poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA)-based materials...
February 2011: European Journal of Orthodontics
R Marx, R Faramarzi, F Jungwirth, B V Kleffner, T Mumme, M Weber, D C Wirtz
AIM: For cemented hip prostheses, all requirements can be fulfilled by using forged Co/Cr/Mo stems. Co/Cr/Mo alloys, however, are contraindicated for allergy sufferers. For these patients, a cemented prosthesis made of titanium (alloy) would be indicated. Cemented stems from titanium (alloy), depending on the geometry of the prosthesis and its specific surface texture, however, may have loosening rates which are clinically not tolerable. In comparison to Co/Cr/Mo alloys, the greater roughness in conjunction with lesser abrasion resistance of titanium-based alloys leads to high loosening rates caused by abrasion...
March 2009: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
R Marino, P Capaccio, L Pignataro, F Spadari
BACKGROUND: Burning mouth syndrome is a burning sensation or stinging disorder affecting the oral mucosa in the absence of any clinical signs or mucosal lesions. Some studies have suggested that burning mouth syndrome could be caused by the metals used in dental prostheses, as well as by acrylate monomers, additives and flavouring agents, although others have not found any aetiologic role for hypersensitivity to dental materials. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the extent and severity of adverse reactions to dental materials in a group of patients with burning mouth syndrome, and investigate the possible role of contact allergy in its pathogenesis...
May 2009: Oral Diseases
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1948: British Dental Journal
P Thomas, A Schuh, R Eben, M Thomsen
Intolerance reactions to endoprostheses may lead to allergological diagnostics, which focus mainly on metal allergy. However, bone cement may also contain potential allergens, e.g. acrylates and additives such as benzoyl peroxide (BPO), N,N-dimethyl-p-toluidine, hydroquinone, and antibiotics (particularly gentamicin). In the Munich implant allergy clinic, we found that 28 of 113 patients (24.8%) with cemented prostheses had contact allergies to bone cement components, mostly to gentamicin (16.8%) and BPO (8...
February 2008: Der Orthopäde
Kristiina Aalto-Korte, Kristiina Alanko, Outi Kuuliala, Riitta Jolanki
BACKGROUND: Methacrylates are important allergens in dentistry. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to analyse patch test reactivity to 36 acrylic monomers in dental personnel in relation to exposure. METHODS: We reviewed the test files at the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health from 1994 to 2006 for allergic reactions to acrylic monomers in dental personnel and analysed the clinical records of the sensitized patients. RESULTS: 32 patients had allergic reactions to acrylic monomers: 15 dental nurses, 9 dentists, and 8 dental technicians...
November 2007: Contact Dermatitis
Catherine J Betts, Rebecca J Dearman, Jon R Heylings, Ian Kimber, David A Basketter
There is compelling evidence that contact allergens differ substantially (by 4 or 5 orders of magnitude) with respect to their inherent skin-sensitizing potency. Relative potency can now be measured effectively using the mouse local lymph node assay (LLNA) and such data form the basis of risk assessment and risk management strategies. Such determinations also facilitate distinctions being drawn between the prevalence of skin sensitization to a particular contact allergen and inherent potency. The distinction is important because chemicals that are implicated as common causes of contact allergy are not necessarily potent sensitizers...
September 2006: Contact Dermatitis
Tatiana Siqueira Gonçalves, Mário A Morganti, Luís C Campos, Susana M D Rizzatto, Luciane M Menezes
This article reports on a 60-year-old woman who had an allergic reaction to methylmethacrylate self-curing acrylic resin during orthodontic treatment. A localized hypersensitive reaction appeared on the palate after an orthodontic retainer was placed. Samples of the acrylic were removed and analyzed with gas chromatography to evaluate the residual monomer level. The residual monomer content was between 0.745% and 0.78%, which did not exceed international standards for this material. Patch tests were performed with several methylmethacrylate resin samples and processed with various techniques; they showed positive reactions...
March 2006: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Harriet Andreasson, Anders Boman, Stina Johnsson, Stig Karlsson, Lars Barregård
Continuous glove use is more common in dentistry than in most other occupations, and the glove should offer protection against blood-borne infections, skin irritants and contact allergens. Methacrylate monomers are potent contact allergens, and it is known that these substances may penetrate the glove materials commonly used. The aim of this study was to assess the permeability of various types of gloves to methyl methacrylate (MMA), 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) and triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) with special reference to combinations with ethanol or acetone...
December 2003: European Journal of Oral Sciences
L V Lassila, P K Vallittu
The aim of this study was to determine flexural properties, water sorption, solubility and release of residual compounds of a new paste type denture base polymer Alldent Sinomer. In addition, an effort was made to reinforce the denture base polymer with a polymer-pre-impregnated glass fibre reinforcement (Stick). Six rhombic test specimens were fabricated for the flexural test in accordance to the ISO 1567 standard. Water sorption and solubility was also determined as described in the ISO standard. Residual compound release into water was determined with the high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) METHOD: The flexural strength of Sinomer polymer was 85...
July 2001: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
G Richter
The problems in patch testing and relevance evaluation as well as the practical consequences are discussed for the most important groups of dental materials (DM). These include metal alloys: amalgam with a low allergy prevalence; palladium salts showing a high correlation with nickel allergy but a low one with metallic palladium or alloys; the widespread allergen nickel is most relevant when dealing with nickel containing DM-alloys that are not corrosionresistant; gold salts with widely differing test results and limited benefit to detect genuine gold intolerance...
November 1996: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
N Hochman, M Zalkind
This article describes the treatment of a patient who experienced a delayed hypersensitivity reaction associated with acrylic resin. Patch testing revealed an allergy to methyl methacrylate monomer. Patients with a known or suspected allergy of this type should be treated by alternative methods. Dental procedures in which negligible contact of the oral mucosa with methyl methacrylate are presented.
January 1997: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
S Freeman, M S Lee, K Gudmundsen
4 cases with differing presentations of contact allergy to acrylates in sculptured acrylic nails are presented. These reactions include nail fold, fingertip and hand dermatitis, face and neck dermatitis, dystrophic nail changes and paraesthesia. We discuss acrylic nails and review the previously published reactions to acrylates in acrylic nails.
December 1995: Contact Dermatitis
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