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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140412/alcohol-consumption-and-lung-cancer-risk-in-never-smokers-a-pooled-analysis-of-case-control-studies
#1
José A García Lavandeira, Alberto Ruano-Ravina, Karl T Kelsey, María Torres-Durán, Isaura Parente-Lamelas, Virginia Leiro-Fernández, Maruxa Zapata, José Abal-Arca, Iria Vidal-García, Carmen Montero-Martínez, Margarita Amenedo, Olalla Castro-Añón, Antonio Golpe-Gómez, Rosirys Guzmán-Taveras, Cristina Martínez, Mariano Provencio, María J Mejuto-Martí, Silvia García-García, Alberto Fernández-Villar, María Piñeiro, Juan M Barros-Dios
Background: Lung cancer is the deadliest cancer in developed countries but the etiology of lung cancer risk in never smokers (LCRINS) is largely unknown. We aim to assess the effects of alcohol consumption, in its different forms, on LCRINS. Methods: We pooled six multi-center case-control studies developed in the northwest of Spain. Cases and controls groups were composed of never smokers. We selected incident cases with anatomopathologically confirmed lung cancer diagnoses...
November 13, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135112/symptom-triggered-alcohol-vapor-inhalation-for-postoperative-alcohol-withdrawal-syndrome-in-patients-with-gastroesophageal-carcinoma
#2
Fengwei Kong, Miao Zhang, Heng Wang, Dong Liu, Ying Wu, Ning Chai, Wenbin Wu
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility and efficacy of alcohol vapor inhalation during fasting time for cancer patients with alcohol withdrawal symptoms (AWS) after surgery. METHODS: The data of 51 patients after esophagectomy or gastrectomy for gastroesophageal carcinoma in two hospitals from January 2011 to December 2016 was retrospectively analyzed. These patients were diagnosed with AWS with Clinic Institute Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome Scale (CIWA-Ar) score ≥ 9 in two hospitals during fasting time from January 2011 to December 2016, and they were accordingly divided into alcohol vapor group (n=25) and diazepam group (n=26)...
September 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124367/saccharomyces-cerevisiae-proteinase-a-excretion-and-wine-making
#3
REVIEW
Lulu Song, Yefu Chen, Yongjing Du, Xibin Wang, Xuewu Guo, Jian Dong, Dongguang Xiao
Proteinase A (PrA), the major protease in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, plays an essential role in zymogen activation, sporulation, and other physiological processes in vivo. The extracellular secretion of PrA often occurs during alcoholic fermentation, especially in the later stages when the yeast cells are under stress conditions, and affects the quality and safety of fermented products. Thus, the mechanism underlying PrA excretion must be explored to improve the quality and safety of fermented products. This paper briefly introduces the structure and physiological function of PrA...
November 9, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120804/comparison-of-consecutive-harvests-versus-blending-treatments-to-produce-lower-alcohol-wines-from-cabernet-sauvignon-grapes-impact-on-polysaccharide-and-tannin-content-and-composition
#4
Olaf J Schelezki, Paul A Smith, Ana Hranilovic, Keren A Bindon, David W Jeffery
A changing climate has led to winegrapes being harvested with increased sugar levels and at greater risk of berry shrivel. A suggested easy-to-adopt strategy to manage the associated rising wine alcohol levels is the pre-fermentative substitution of juice with either "green harvest wine" or water. Our study investigates the effects of this approach on Vitis vinifera L. cv. Cabernet Sauvignon wine quality attributes. Wines were also made from fruit collected at consecutive earlier harvest time points to produce wines comparable in alcohol to the substituted wines...
April 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118746/the-use-of-mixed-populations-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-and-s-kudriavzevii-to-reduce-ethanol-content-in-wine-limited-aeration-inoculum-proportions-and-sequential-inoculation
#5
Javier Alonso-Del-Real, Alba Contreras-Ruiz, Gabriel L Castiglioni, Eladio Barrio, Amparo Querol
Saccharomyces cerevisiae is the most widespread microorganism responsible for wine alcoholic fermentation. Nevertheless, the wine industry is currently facing new challenges, some of them associate with climate change, which have a negative effect on ethanol content and wine quality. Numerous and varied strategies have been carried out to overcome these concerns. From a biotechnological point of view, the use of alternative non-Saccharomyces yeasts, yielding lower ethanol concentrations and sometimes giving rise to new and interesting aroma, is one of the trendiest approaches...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099824/-changes-in-alcohol-consumption-from-youth-to-adulthood-in-italy
#6
Nadia Olimpi, Stefano Bravi, Allaman Allamani, Fabio Voller
BACKGROUND: alcohol consumption is a significant risk factor for health at all ages. Consumption patterns and associated risks vary across countries and cultures and are affected by socio-demographic characteristics. The objective of the study was to assess changes in alcoholic beverage consumption patterns from youth to adulthood in Italy, and specifically in the North, Central and South-Islands geographic areas. METHODS: subjects who consume wine, beer and spirits/bitters/alcoholic aperitifs, as recorded by the Istat Multipurpose surveys "Aspects of daily life", were grouped into non-drinkers, occasional drinkers and drinkers of at least one glass a day...
July 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084143/red-wine-resveratrol-and-atrial-fibrillation
#7
REVIEW
Laura Siga Stephan, Eduardo Dytz Almeida, Melissa Medeiros Markoski, Juliano Garavaglia, Aline Marcadenti
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common cardiac arrhythmia that is associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease and overall mortality. Excessive alcohol intake is a well-known risk factor for AF, but this correlation is less clear with light and moderate drinking. Besides, low doses of red wine may acutely prolong repolarization and slow cardiac conduction. Resveratrol, a bioactive polyphenol found in grapes and red wine, has been linked to antiarrhythmic properties and may act as an inhibitor of both intracellular calcium release and pathological signaling cascades in AF, eliminating calcium overload and preserving the cardiomyocyte contractile function...
October 30, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082758/quantitative-detection-of-ethanol-acetone-in-complex-solutions-using-raman-spectroscopy-based-on-headspace-gas-analysis
#8
Yubin Zhao, Yoshinori Yamaguchi, Chenchen Liu, Shinichi Sekine, Xiaoming Dou
This paper demonstrated the quantitative detection of ethanol and acetone mixtures in complex solutions with Raman spectroscopy based on headspace gas analysis. By analyzing the volatile components in the headspace, their concentrations in liquid solutions were determined. We constructed our own Raman spectroscopy system to detect the headspace gas quantitatively over a solution in a sealed vial. The Raman spectra of the headspace gases over standard solutions were standardized for finding the concentrations of ethanol, acetone, and ethanol-acetone in mixture solutions...
January 1, 2017: Applied Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067162/transcriptomic-analysis-of-saccharomycescerevisiae-x-saccharomyces%C3%A2-kudriavzevii-hybrids-during-low-temperature-winemaking
#9
Jordi Tronchoni, Estéfani García-Ríos, Jose Manuel Guillamón, Amparo Querol, Roberto Pérez-Torrado
BACKGROUND: Although Saccharomyces cerevisiae is the most frequently isolated species in wine fermentation, and the most studied species, other species and interspecific hybrids have greatly attracted the interest of researchers in this field in the last few years, given their potential to solve new winemaking industry challenges. S. cerevisiae x S. kudriavzevii hybrids exhibit good fermentative capabilities at low temperatures, and produce wines with smaller alcohol quantities and larger glycerol quantities, which can be very useful to solve challenges in the winemaking industry such as the necessity to enhance the aroma profile...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062133/female-alcohol-consumption-and-fecundability-a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis
#10
Dazhi Fan, Li Liu, Qing Xia, Wen Wang, Shuzhen Wu, Guo Tian, Ying Liu, Jing Ni, Song Wu, Xiaoling Guo, Zhengping Liu
To what extent could alcohol consumption affects female fertility is still unclear. The aim of this study was to quantitatively summarize the dose-response relation between total and specific types of alcohol beverage (beer, wine, and spirits) consumption in female and the fecundability. Four electronic databases were searched. Observational studies (cohort and case-control) that provided female alcohol consumption and fecundity were eligible. Nineteen studies, involving 98657 women, were included in this study...
October 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059294/europeanization-process-impacts-the-patterns-of-alcohol-consumption-in-the-western-balkans
#11
Eni Tresa, Tarik Benmarhnia, Timo Clemens, Genc Burazeri, Katarzyna Czabanowska
Background: Western Balkan countries exhibit high levels of alcohol consumption, which constitutes a serious public health concern. We aimed to quantitatively assess the influence of the Europeanization process on levels of alcohol consumption in Western Balkans, an issue that has been under-researched. Methods: The process of Europeanization was defined as the penetration of European dimension, procedures, policy paradigms, beliefs and norms in national arenas of politics and policy development...
October 20, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055473/the-effect-of-alcohol-and-red-wine-consumption-on-clinical-and-mri-outcomes-in-multiple-sclerosis
#12
Camilo Diaz-Cruz, Alicia S Chua, Muhammad Taimur Malik, Tamara Kaplan, Bonnie I Glanz, Svetlana Egorova, Charles R G Guttmann, Rohit Bakshi, Howard L Weiner, Brian C Healy, Tanuja Chitnis
BACKGROUND: Alcohol and in particular red wine have both immunomodulatory and neuroprotective properties, and may exert an effect on the disease course of multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between alcohol and red wine consumption and MS course. METHODS: MS patients enrolled in the Comprehensive Longitudinal Investigation of Multiple Sclerosis at the Brigham and Women's Hospital (CLIMB) who completed a self-administered questionnaire about their past year drinking habits at a single time point were included in the study...
October 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055104/lifetime-alcohol-intake-and-risk-of-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-findings-from-the-melbourne-collaborative-cohort-study
#13
Harindra Jayasekara, Surender Juneja, Allison M Hodge, Robin Room, Roger L Milne, John L Hopper, Dallas R English, Graham G Giles, Robert J MacInnis
Cohort studies have reported inconsistent evidence regarding alcohol intake and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), mostly based on alcohol intake assessed close to study enrolment. We examined this association using alcohol intake measured from age 20 onwards. We calculated usual alcohol intake for 10-year periods from age 20 using recalled frequency and quantity of beverage-specific consumption for 37,990 participants aged 40-69 years from the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study. Cox regression was performed to derive hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the association between alcohol intake (g/day) and NHL risk...
October 21, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051441/the-food-and-beverage-occurrence-of-furfuryl-alcohol-and-myrcene-two-emerging-potential-human-carcinogens
#14
Alex O Okaru, Dirk W Lachenmeier
For decades, compounds present in foods and beverages have been implicated in the etiology of human cancers. The World Health Organization (WHO) International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) continues to classify such agents regarding their potential carcinogenicity in humans based on new evidence from animal and human studies. Furfuryl alcohol and β-myrcene are potential human carcinogens due to be evaluated. The major source of furfuryl alcohol in foods is thermal processing and ageing of alcoholic beverages, while β-myrcene occurs naturally as a constituent of the essential oils of plants such as hops, lemongrass, and derived products...
March 11, 2017: Toxics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051433/a-review-of-heavy-metal-concentration-and-potential-health-implications-of-beverages-consumed-in-nigeria
#15
REVIEW
Sylvester Chibueze Izah, Iniobong Reuben Inyang, Tariwari C N Angaye, Ifeoma Peace Okowa
Beverages are consumed in Nigeria irrespective of age, sex, and socioeconomic status. Beverages may be alcoholic (wine, spirits, and beers) or non-alcoholic (soft drink, energy drinks, candies, chocolates, milks). Notwithstanding, most beverages are packed in cans, bottles, and plastics. This paper reviews the concentration of heavy metals from some commercially-packaged beverages consumed in Nigeria. The study found that heavy metal concentrations, including iron, mercury, tin, antimony, cadmium, zinc, copper, chromium, lead, and manganese, seldom exceed the maximum contaminant level recommended by the Standard Organization of Nigeria (SON) and the World Health Organization (WHO) as applicable to drinking water resources...
December 22, 2016: Toxics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037699/determination-of-hydroxytyrosol-produced-by-winemaking-yeasts-during-alcoholic-fermentation-using-a-validated-uhplc-hrms-method
#16
M Antonia Álvarez-Fernández, E Fernández-Cruz, E Cantos-Villar, Ana M Troncoso, M Carmen García-Parrilla
Hydroxytyrosol (HT) is a phenolic compound of recognized bioactivity that has been described in wines but little is known about its origin. This work demonstrates that yeast involved in wine making, i.e. Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains and the non-Saccharomyces Torulaspora delbrueckii, can synthesise HT, as this compound was identified in the intracellular media of three strains by means of a developed and validated UHPLC-HRMS method with LOQ and LOD of 0.108 and 0.035ngmL(-1) respectively. Controlled fermentations were performed with different varieties of grapes (Corredera, Moscatel, Chardonnay, Palomino fino, Sauvignon Blanc, Vijiriega, and Tempranillo) and synthetic must...
March 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032841/circulating-fatty-acids-in-relation-to-alcohol-consumption-cross-sectional-results-from-a-cohort-of-60-year-old-men-and-women
#17
F Laguzzi, U Risérus, M Marklund, M Vikström, P Sjögren, B Gigante, Z D Alsharari, M-L Hellénius, T Cederholm, P Frumento, U de Faire, K Leander
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Alcohol consumption is considered to affect circulating fatty acids (FAs) but knowledge about specific associations is limited. We aimed to assess the relation between alcohol consumption and serum FAs in 60-year-old Swedish men and women. METHODS: In a random sample of 1917 men and 2058 women residing in Stockholm county, cross-sectional associations between different categories of alcohol consumption and FAs were assessed using linear regression; β1 coefficients with 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated...
September 25, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032141/moderate-alcohol-consumption-is%C3%A2-associated-with-lower-risk-for-heart%C3%A2-failure-but-not-atrial-fibrillation
#18
Augusto Di Castelnuovo, Simona Costanzo, Marialaura Bonaccio, Livia Rago, Amalia De Curtis, Mariarosaria Persichillo, Francesca Bracone, Marco Olivieri, Chiara Cerletti, Maria Benedetta Donati, Giovanni de Gaetano, Licia Iacoviello
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the hypothesis that alcohol consumption is associated with onset of atrial fibrillation (AF) and/or heart failure (HF). BACKGROUND: The connection between ethanol intake and AF or HF remains controversial. METHODS: The study population was 22,824 AF- or HF-free subjects (48% men, age ≥35 years) randomly recruited from the general population included in the Moli-sani study, for whom complete data on HF, AF, and alcohol consumption were available...
November 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027936/assessing-white-wine-viscosity-variation-using-polarized-laser-speckle-a-promising-alternative-to-wine-sensory-analysis
#19
Christelle Abou Nader, Hadi Loutfi, Fabrice Pellen, Bernard Le Jeune, Guy Le Brun, Roger Lteif, Marie Abboud
In this paper, we report measurements of wine viscosity, correlated to polarized laser speckle results. Experiments were performed on white wine samples produced with a single grape variety. Effects of the wine making cellar, the grape variety, and the vintage on wine Brix degree, alcohol content, viscosity, and speckle parameters are considered. We show that speckle parameters, namely, spatial contrast and speckle decorrelation time, as well as the inertia moment extracted from the temporal history speckle pattern, are mainly affected by the alcohol and sugar content and hence the wine viscosity...
October 13, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027262/on-the-origins-and-industrial-applications-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-x-saccharomyces-kudriavzevii-hybrids
#20
David Peris, Roberto Pérez-Torrado, Chris Todd Hittinger, Eladio Barrio, Amparo Querol
Companies based on alcoholic fermentation products, such as wine, beer, and biofuels, use yeasts to make their products. Each industrial process utilizes different media conditions, which differ in sugar content, the presence of inhibitors, and fermentation temperatures. Saccharomyces cerevisiae has traditionally been the main yeast responsible for most fermentation processes. However, the market is changing due to the consumer demands or external factors, such as climate change. Some processes, such as biofuel production or winemaking, require new yeasts to solve specific challenges, especially those associated with sustainability, novel flavors, and altered alcohol contents...
October 12, 2017: Yeast
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