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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739584/a-comparative-study-of-partial-dealcoholisation-versus-early-harvest-effects-on-wine-volatile-and-sensory-profiles
#1
Rocco Longo, John W Blackman, Guillaume Antalick, Peter J Torley, Suzy Y Rogiers, Leigh M Schmidtke
Two Verdelho and Petit Verdot wines were produced from sequential harvests of grapes. The alcohol concentration of early harvest (EH) and late harvest (LH) wines were respectively 9% and 13.5% v/v for Verdelho, and 10.5% and 13% v/v for Petit Verdot. LH wines were dealcoholised to match the same alcohol level of EH samples using a combined reverse osmosis-evaporative perstraction process. In dealcoholised wines, there was a decrease in volatile compounds (esters particularly) compared to LH treatments. For both varieties, the sensory attribute ratings for overall aroma intensity and alcohol mouthfeel also decreased following dealcoholisation...
September 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706971/-in-planta-functional-analysis-and-subcellular-localization-of-the-oomycete-pathogen-plasmopara-viticola-candidate-rxlr-effector-repertoire
#2
Yunxiao Liu, Xia Lan, Shiren Song, Ling Yin, Ian B Dry, Junjie Qu, Jiang Xiang, Jiang Lu
Downy mildew is one of the most destructive diseases of grapevine, causing tremendous economic loss in the grape and wine industry. The disease agent Plasmopara viticola is an obligate biotrophic oomycete, from which over 100 candidate RXLR effectors have been identified. In this study, 83 candidate RXLR effector genes ( PvRXLRs ) were cloned from the P. viticola isolate "JL-7-2" genome. The results of the yeast signal sequence trap assay indicated that most of the candidate effectors are secretory proteins...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663365/myricetin-treatment-induces-apoptosis-in-canine-osteosarcoma-cells-by-inducing-dna-fragmentation-disrupting-redox-homeostasis-and-mediating-loss-of-mitochondrial-membrane-potential
#3
Hahyun Park, Sunwoo Park, Fuller W Bazer, Whasun Lim, Gwonhwa Song
Canine osteosarcoma is an aggressive primary bone tumor that shows metastasis to distal regions and is associated with a high mortality rate. However, the pathophysiological mechanisms of canine osteosarcoma are not well characterized. In addition, development of prognostic factors and novel therapeutic agents is necessary to efficiently treat osteosarcoma. Therefore, we studied the effects of myricetin, an antioxidant found in berries, nuts, teas, wine, and vegetables, on apoptosis and signal transduction in the canine osteosarcoma cell lines, D-17 and DSN...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624568/resveratrol-attenuates-lipopolysaccharides-lps-induced-inhibition-of-osteoblast-differentiation-in-mc3t3-e1-cells
#4
Jun Ma, Zhu Wang, Jianquan Zhao, WuJun Miao, TianWen Ye, Aimin Chen
BACKGROUND LPS-inhibited osteoblastic differentiation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of osteomyelitis. Thus, searching for drugs that affect LPS-mediated osteoblastic differentiation may be crucial in developing therapies for osteomyelitis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role and mechanisms of resveratrol, a natural polyphenol present in red wine, on LPS-inhibited osteoblastic differentiation. MATERIAL AND METHODS Cell viability was measured by MMT assay. Mitochondrial ATP levels, membrane potential, and superoxide production were measured to evaluate the effects of LPS and resveratrol on mitochondrial functions in osteoblast-like MC3T3-E1 cells...
April 6, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525608/beneficial-effects-of-white-wine-polyphenols-enriched-diet-on-alzheimer-s-disease-like-pathology
#5
Daniela Mendes, Maria Manuel Oliveira, Paula I Moreira, João Coutinho, Fernando M Nunes, David M Pereira, Patrícia Valentão, Paula B Andrade, Romeu A Videira
The development of effective medicines to break or delay the progressive brain degeneration underlying cognitive decline and dementia that characterize Alzheimer's disease (AD) is one of the greatest challenges of our time. In the present work, a selective pool of polyphenols, obtained from the white wine by adsorption to polyvinylpyrrolidone polymer (PVPP), was used to prepare a polyphenols-enriched diet, supplementing the drinking water with 100 mg/L (expressed as gallic acid equivalent) of wine polyphenolic extract...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497415/yeast-immobilization-systems-for-alcoholic-wine-fermentations-actual-trends-and-future-perspectives
#6
REVIEW
Jaime Moreno-García, Teresa García-Martínez, Juan C Mauricio, Juan Moreno
Yeast immobilization is defined as the physical confinement of intact cells to a region of space with conservation of biological activity. The use of these methodologies for alcoholic fermentation (AF) offers many advantages over the use of the conventional free yeast cell method and different immobilization systems have been proposed so far for different applications, like winemaking. The most studied methods for yeast immobilization include the use of natural supports (e.g., fruit pieces), organic supports (e...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377375/ethanol-stress-in-oenococcus-oeni-transcriptional-response-and-complex-physiological-mechanisms
#7
REVIEW
M G Bonomo, K Di Tomaso, L Calabrone, G Salzano
Oenococcus oeni is the dominant species able to cope with a hostile environment of wines, comprising cumulative effects of low pH, high ethanol and SO2 content, nonoptimal growth temperatures and growth inhibitory compounds. Ethanol tolerance is a crucial feature for the activity of O. oeni cells in wine because ethanol acts as a disordering agent of its cell membrane and negatively affects metabolic activity; it damages the membrane integrity, decreases cell viability and, as other stress conditions, delays the start of malolactic fermentation with a consequent alteration of wine quality...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371621/molecular-mechanism-of-resveratrol-s-lipid-membrane-protection
#8
Qinqin Fei, David Kent, Wesley M Botello-Smith, Fariah Nur, Saadia Nur, Abdelaziz Alsamarah, Payal Chatterjee, Maria Lambros, Yun Luo
Resveratrol, a natural compound found in red wine and various vegetables, has drawn increasing interest due to its reported benefit in cardiovascular protection, neurodegenerative disorders, and cancer therapy. The mechanism by which resveratrol exerts such pleiotropic effects remains unclear. It remains as one of the most discussed polyphenol compounds in the debating "French Paradox". In this study, using molecular dynamics simulations of dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine (DPPC) bilayer with resveratrol, we generated a free energy map of resveratrol's location and orientation of inside the lipid bilayer...
January 25, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146314/interaction-of-wine-mannoproteins-and-arabinogalactans-with-anthocyanins
#9
Fernando J Gonçalves, Pedro A R Fernandes, Dulcineia F Wessel, Susana M Cardoso, Silvia M Rocha, Manuel A Coimbra
Wine polymeric material (WPM), which includes polysaccharides, proteins, and polyphenolic compounds, interacts with anthocyanins. To determine the contribution of polysaccharides in these interactions, the diffusion performance of anthocyanins along a dialysis membrane was determined in the presence and absence of isolated mannoproteins (MP) and arabinogalactans (AG) from WPM. Furthermore, to estimate the extent of the interaction between WPM and polyphenolic compounds, the activation energy (Ea) required for their diffusion in the presence of WPM was determined...
March 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124367/saccharomyces-cerevisiae-proteinase-a-excretion-and-wine-making
#10
REVIEW
Lulu Song, Yefu Chen, Yongjing Du, Xibin Wang, Xuewu Guo, Jian Dong, Dongguang Xiao
Proteinase A (PrA), the major protease in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, plays an essential role in zymogen activation, sporulation, and other physiological processes in vivo. The extracellular secretion of PrA often occurs during alcoholic fermentation, especially in the later stages when the yeast cells are under stress conditions, and affects the quality and safety of fermented products. Thus, the mechanism underlying PrA excretion must be explored to improve the quality and safety of fermented products. This paper briefly introduces the structure and physiological function of PrA...
November 9, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922393/a-set-of-nutrient-limitations-trigger-yeast-cell-death-in-a-nitrogen-dependent-manner-during-wine-alcoholic-fermentation
#11
Camille Duc, Martine Pradal, Isabelle Sanchez, Jessica Noble, Catherine Tesnière, Bruno Blondin
Yeast cell death can occur during wine alcoholic fermentation. It is generally considered to result from ethanol stress that impacts membrane integrity. This cell death mainly occurs when grape musts processing reduces lipid availability, resulting in weaker membrane resistance to ethanol. However the mechanisms underlying cell death in these conditions remain unclear. We examined cell death occurrence considering yeast cells ability to elicit an appropriate response to a given nutrient limitation and thus survive starvation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878748/transcriptomic-analysis-of-oenococcus-oeni-sd-2a-response-to-acid-shock-by-rna-seq
#12
Longxiang Liu, Hongyu Zhao, Shuai Peng, Tao Wang, Jing Su, Yanying Liang, Hua Li, Hua Wang
Oenococcus oeni can be applied to conduct malolactic fermentation (MLF), but also is the main species growing naturally in wine. Due to the high stress tolerance, it is an interesting model for investigating acid response mechanisms. In this study, the changes in the transcriptome of O.oeni SD-2a during the adaptation period have been studied. RNA-seq was introduced for the transcriptomic analysis of O. oeni samples treated with pH 4.8 and pH 3.0 at 0 and 1 h, respectively. Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genome (KEGG) were performed to compare the transcriptome data between different treatments...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873533/speciation-of-zn-fe-ca-and-mg-in-wine-with-the-donnan-membrane-technique
#13
Mireia Lao, Encarnació Companys, Liping Weng, Jaume Puy, Josep Galceran
Free concentrations of Zn2+ , Fe3+ , Ca2+ and Mg2+ in a red wine (Raimat, Catalonia, Spain) have been determined, with the Donnan Membrane Technique (DMT) for the first time. The required equilibration time benefits from the acceptor solution including major cations. K+ and Na+ , mainly unbound to any ligand in the sample, have been identified as suitable reference ions. A free Zn concentration of 1.76μmolL-1 determined with DMT was in excellent agreement with the free Zn concentration independently provided by the electroanalytical technique Absence of Gradients and Nernstian Equilibrium Stripping (AGNES), 1...
January 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750526/improved-sensitivity-of-acetaldehyde-biosensor-by-detecting-adh-reverse-reaction-mediated-nadh-fluoro-quenching-for-wine-evaluation
#14
Kenta Iitani, Po-Jen Chien, Takuma Suzuki, Koji Toma, Takahiro Arakawa, Yasuhiko Iwasaki, Kohji Mitsubayashi
Acetaldehyde (AcH) is found in ambient air, foods, and the living body. This toxic substance is also contained in wine and known as an important ingredient affecting the quality of wine. Herein, we constructed and evaluated two different fiber-optic biosensors for measurement of AcH in the liquid phase (AcH biosensor) using aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) or alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH). The AcH biosensor measured a concentration of AcH using fluorescence intensity of a reduced form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) that was produced or consumed via catalytic reaction of the respective enzyme...
July 28, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747041/influence-of-commercial-inactivated-yeast-derivatives-on-the-survival-of-probiotic-bacterium-lactobacillus-rhamnosus-hn001-in-an-acidic-environment
#15
Mingzhan Toh, Shao Quan Liu
This study evaluated the influence of three inactivated yeast derivatives (IYDs) used in wine production, namely OptiRed(®), OptiWhite(®) and Noblesse(®), on the viability of the probiotic strain Lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001 in an acidic environment. Addition of the IYDs at 3 g/L significantly enhanced the survival of the probiotic bacteria by 2.75-4.05 log cycles after 10-h exposure in a pH 3.0 buffer. Acid stress assay with IYD components obtained after centrifugation and filtration revealed that water-soluble compounds were responsible for improving the acid tolerance of L...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633312/the-influence-of-dekkera-bruxellensis-on-the-transcriptome-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-and-on-the-aromatic-profile-of-synthetic-wine-must
#16
Janez Kosel, Neža Cadež, Dorit Schuller, Laura Carreto, Ricardo Franco-Duarte, Peter Raspor
A double compartment membrane system was constructed in order to systematically study possible microbial interactions between yeasts Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Dekkera bruxellensis and their impact on wine aroma. The presence of D. bruxellensis induced 77 transcripts of S. cerevisiae. These were mostly of unknown function; however, some were involved in thiamine biosynthesis and in amino acid and polyamine transport, suggesting a competitive relationship between the two yeast species. Among the transcripts with no biological function, 14 of them were found to be the members of the PAU gene family that is associated with response to anaerobiosis stress...
June 1, 2017: FEMS Yeast Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556381/the-spoilage-yeast-zygosaccharomyces-bailii-foe-or-friend
#17
REVIEW
Nurzhan Kuanyshev, Giusy M Adamo, Danilo Porro, Paola Branduardi
Zygosaccharomyces bailii is a non-Saccharomyces budding yeast known as one of the most aggressive food spoilage microorganisms, often isolated as a contaminant during wine fermentation, as well as from many acidic, high-sugar and canned foods. The spoilage ability relies on the yeast's unique feature of tolerating the most common preservatives such as sulphite, dimethyl dicarbonate, acetic acid and sorbic acid. Therefore, many studies have focused on the description of this peculiar tolerance with the aim of developing preventative measures against Z...
September 2017: Yeast
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528104/effect-of-egg-albumin-fining-progressive-clarification-and-cross-flow-microfiltration-on-the-polysaccharide-and-proanthocyanidin-composition-of-red-varietal-wines
#18
Leticia Martínez-Lapuente, Zenaida Guadalupe, Belén Ayestarán
The effect of egg albumin fining, progressive clarification and cross-flow microfiltration on the polysaccharide and proanthocyanidin composition of four red varietal wines was studied in this work. Discriminant analyses were applied to achieve a possible differentiation of the wines according to treatment or grape variety. Egg albumin fining did no produce a significant decrease in the content of wine polysaccharides. Progressive clarification caused a significant reduction of mannoproteins, homogalacturonans and polysaccharides rich in arabinose and galactose in Graciano wines...
June 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447714/resveratrol-protects-against-oxidized-low%C3%A2-density-lipoprotein%C3%A2-induced-human-umbilical-vein-endothelial-cell-apoptosis-via-inhibition-of-mitochondrial%C3%A2-derived-oxidative-stress
#19
Yujie Liu, Xizhou Chen, Jie Li
Resveratrol, a natural phytochemical found in grapes and red wine, has been found to possess protective effects against endothelial cell apoptosis and oxidative damage. Oxidized‑low density lipoprotein (ox‑LDL) can induce apoptosis of endothelial cells, which is an important initial event in several cardiovascular diseases. However, the effect of resveratrol on ox‑LDL‑induced apoptosis and oxidative damage, and the possible associated mechanisms remain to be elucidated. In the present study, following exposure to ox‑LDL, human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were treated with or without resveratrol...
May 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391861/a-flow-based-platform-for-measuring-the-acidity-parameters-in-wine
#20
Susana S M P Vidigal, António O S S Rangel
The present work describes a valuable tool for winemaking industry to measure the acidity parameters with rapid response, simple sample handling, with no or minimal pre-treatment. Thus, a sequential injection analysis (SIA) system with spectrophotometric detection was used as platform for the development of methodologies for the quantification of volatile and total acidity in wine samples. Both procedures make use of the same colour reagent, bromothymol blue (BTB) that changes its intrinsic colour in the presence of the acidity compounds...
June 1, 2017: Talanta
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