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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534662/neuroprotection-of-brain-permeable-iron-chelator-vk-28-against-intracerebral-hemorrhage-in-mice
#1
Qian Li, Jieru Wan, Xi Lan, Xiaoning Han, Zhongyu Wang, Jian Wang
Iron overload plays a key role in the secondary brain damage that develops after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). The significant increase in iron deposition is associated with the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which leads to oxidative brain damage. In this study, we examined the protective effects of VK-28, a brain-permeable iron chelator, against hemoglobin toxicity in an ex vivo organotypic hippocampal slice culture (OHSC) model and in middle-aged mice subjected to an in vivo, collagenase-induced ICH model...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533572/%C3%AE-lipoic-acid-mitigates-arsenic-induced-hematological-abnormalities-in-adult-male-rats
#2
Sonali Ghosh, Raghwendra Mishra, Sagnik Biswas, Rupak K Bhadra, Prabir K Mukhopadhyay
BACKGROUND: Arsenic toxicity is a major global health problem and exposure via contaminated drinking water has been associated with hematological and other systemic disorders. The present investigation has been conducted in adult male rats to evaluate the protective ability of α-lipoic acid (ALA) against such hematological disorders. METHODS: Twenty-four adult male Wister rats (b.wt.130±10g) were grouped and accordingly group I (control) received the normal diet, group II (treated) was given arsenic orally for 28 consecutive days as arsenic trioxide (3 mg/kgbw/rat/day) whereas group III (supplemented) received the same dose of arsenic along with ALA (25 mg/kgbw/rat/day) as oral supplement...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521553/glutaraldehyde-polymerized-hemoglobin-and-tempol-polyhb-tempol-has-superoxide-dismutase-activity-that-can-attenuate-oxidative-stress-on-endothelial-cells-induced-by-superoxide-anion
#3
Mengdi Wu, Kun Feng, Qiuhui Li, Huiya Ma, Hongli Zhu, Yudou Xie, Gaofei Yan, Chao Chen, Kunping Yan
A Tempol compound with an amine group (4-amino-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl, NH2-Tempol) was cross-linked to hemoglobin in a one-step polymerization reaction to produce a novel hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier (HBOC) designated PolyHb-Tempol. The reaction parameters, including the reaction time, pH, temperature, and ratio of reactants, were optimized, and the physiochemical properties of the resulting product were characterized. PolyHb-Tempol didn't show any toxicity towards endothelial cells. Furthermore, from observations of cell morphology and viability, PolyHb-Tempol showed a significant ability to inhibit or eliminate oxidative stress induced by superoxide free radicals...
May 18, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514126/-haptoglobin-polymorphism-as-an-independent-predictor-of-diabetic-nephropathy-and-retinopathy
#4
Inbal Dahan, Nadia Thauho, Farid Nakhoul, Nakhoul Nakhoul, Hanin Jabaly, Evgeny Farber
The antioxidant protein haptoglobin (Hp) plays a major role in the development of diabetic complications such as diabetic nephropathy and retinopathy. In humans, two alleles of Hp were identified: 1 and 2 with three possible genotypes: 1-1, 2-1, and 2-2. The Hp protein products differ in their biochemical and biophysical properties, such as their antioxidant capacity. The Hp1 protein is superior to the Hp2 protein in binding to free hemoglobin and neutralizing its oxidative potential and the accompanying renal and retinal injury...
July 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511346/potential-therapeutic-action-of-nitrite-in-sickle-cell-disease
#5
Nadeem Wajih, Swati Basu, Anuj Jailwala, Hee Won Kim, David Ostrowski, Andreas Perlegas, Crystal A Bolden, Nancy L Buechler, Mark T Gladwin, David L Caudell, Elaheh Rahbar, Martha A Alexander-Miller, Vidula Vachharajani, Daniel B Kim-Shapiro
Sickle cell disease is caused by a mutant form of hemoglobin that polymerizes under hypoxic conditions, increasing rigidity, fragility, calcium influx-mediated dehydration, and adhesivity of red blood cells. Increased red cell fragility results in hemolysis, which reduces nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability, and induces platelet activation and inflammation leading to adhesion of circulating blood cells. Nitric Oxide inhibits adhesion and platelet activation. Nitrite has emerged as an attractive therapeutic agent that targets delivery of NO activity to areas of hypoxia through bioactivation by deoxygenated red blood cell hemoglobin...
May 10, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503385/intervention-effects-of-five-cations-and-their-correction-on-hemolytic-activity-of-tentacle-extract-from-the-jellyfish-cyanea-capillata
#6
Hui Zhang, Qianqian Wang, Liang Xiao, Liming Zhang
Cations have generally been reported to prevent jellyfish venom-induced hemolysis through multiple mechanisms by spectrophotometry. Little attention has been paid to the potential interaction between cations and hemoglobin, potentially influencing the antagonistic effect of cations. Here, we explored the effects of five reported cations, La(3+), Mn(2+), Zn(2+), Cu(2+) and Fe(2+), on a hemolytic test system and the absorbance of hemoglobin, which was further used to measure their effects on the hemolysis of tentacle extract (TE) from the jellyfish Cyanea capillata...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501597/reciprocal-regulation-between-hepcidin-and-erythropoiesis-and-its-therapeutic-application-in-erythroid-disorders
#7
REVIEW
Caiyi Wang, Zheng Fang, Zesen Zhu, Jing Liu, Huiyong Chen
Iron is required for hemoglobin production, and it plays a key role during erythropoiesis. Systemic iron homeostasis is mainly negatively regulated by the peptide hormone hepcidin, coded by the gene HAMP. Hepcidin excess may cause iron deficiency, iron-restricted erythropoiesis and anemia. Conversely, hepcidin insufficiency leads to iron overload and oxidative damage in multiple tissues. During regulation of hepcidin synthesis, multiple promoter elements in the HAMP gene respond to variable signaling pathways corresponding to different extracellular situations...
May 10, 2017: Experimental Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501110/arachidonic-acid-causes-hidden-blood-loss-like-red-blood-cell-damage-through-oxidative-stress-reactions
#8
Tao Yuan, Yu Cong, Jia Meng, Hong Qian, Wei Ye, Wen-Shuang Sun, Jian-Ning Zhao, Ni-Rong Bao
BACKGROUND: Hidden blood loss (HBL) often occurs in the prosthetic replacement for joint, but the mechanism is still not clear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study tried to establish an animal model of HBL by injecting arachidonic acid (AA) into the Sprague-Dawley rats. Different concentrations of AA were injected into the tail veins of the rats, and blood samples were collected before and after administration at 24, 48, and 72 h. A complete blood count was obtained by to find the hemoglobin (Hb) and red blood cell (RBC) count changes...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500485/hydroxyurea-lactose-interaction-study-in-silico-and-in-vitro-evaluation
#9
Kunal B Bachchhao, R R Patil, C R Patil, Dipak D Patil
The Maillard reaction between hydroxyurea (a primary amine-containing drug) and lactose (used as an excipient) was explored. The adduct of these compounds was synthesized by heating hydroxyurea with lactose monohydrate at 60 °C in borate buffer (pH 9.2) for 12 h. Synthesis of the adduct was confirmed using UV-visible spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared, differential scanning calorimetry, high-pressure liquid chromatography, and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry studies. An in silico investigation of how the adduct formation affected the interactions of hydroxyurea with its biological target oxyhemoglobin, to which it binds to generate nitric oxide and regulates fetal hemoglobin synthesis, was carried out...
May 12, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489956/the-role-of-chlorogenic-acid-supplementation-in-anemia-and-mineral-disturbances-induced-by-4-tert-octylphenol-toxicity
#10
Khaled M M Koriem, Mahmoud S S Arbid, Nawal E Gomaa
4-tert-octylphenol (OP) is an endocrine-disrupting chemical that causes harmful effects to human health. Chlorogenic acid is the major dietary polyphenol present in various foods and beverages. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the protective role of chlorogenic acid in anemia and mineral disturbance occurring in OP toxicity in rats. Thirty-two male albino rats were divided into four equal groups (8 rats/group) as follows. The first (control) group was treated daily with an oral dose of 1 ml saline for two weeks...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485916/hidden-antioxidative-functions-of-reduced-nicotinamide-adenine-dinucleotide-coexisting-with-hemoglobin
#11
Magohei Yamada, Hiromi Sakai
Ferrous oxyhemoglobin (HbO2) in red blood cells (RBCs) invariably and slowly autoxidizes to form ferric methemoglobin (metHb). However, the level of metHb is always maintained below 0.5% by intracellular metHb reduction of enzymatic systems with coenzymes, such as reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH), and by superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT), which eliminate reactive oxygen species. Unquestionably, NADH cannot reduce metHb without the corresponding enzymatic system. Our study, however, demonstrated that a high concentration of NADH (100-fold of normal level, equimolar to HbO2) retarded autoxidation of HbO2 in a highly purified Hb solution with no enzymatic system...
May 19, 2017: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482712/heme-mediated-cell-activation-the-inflammatory-puzzle-of-sickle-cell-anemia
#12
Caroline Conceição da Guarda, Rayra Pereira Santiago, Luciana Magalhães Fiuza, Milena Magalhães Aleluia, Júnia Raquel Dutra Ferreira, Camylla Vilas Boas Figueiredo, Setondji Cocou Modeste Alexandre Yahouedehou, Rodrigo Mota de Oliveira, Isa Menezes Lyra, Marilda de Souza Gonçalves
Hemolysis triggers the onset of several clinical manifestations of sickle cell anemia (SCA). During hemolysis, heme, which is derived from hemoglobin (Hb), accumulates due to the inability of detoxification systems to scavenge sufficiently. Heme exerts multiple harmful effects, including leukocyte activation and migration, enhanced adhesion molecule expression by endothelial cells and the production of pro-oxidant molecules. Area covered: In this review, we describe the effects of heme on leukocytes and endothelial cells, as well as the features of vascular endothelial cells related to vaso-occlusion in SCA...
May 17, 2017: Expert Review of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482573/polythiophene-supported-mno2-nanoparticles-as-nano-stabilizer-for-simultaneously-electrostatically-immobilization-of-d-amino-acid-oxidase-and-hemoglobin-as-efficient-bio-nanocomposite-in-fabrication-of-dopamine-bi-enzyme-biosensor
#13
Yalda Shoja, Amir Abbas Rafati, Javad Ghodsi
A novel, highly selective and sensitive voltammetric bi-enzyme biosensor for sensing dopamine (DA), in presence of H2O2 which resulted as d-alanine enzymatic oxidation, was fabricated on the basis of simultaneously electrostatically immobilization of d-amino acid oxidase (DAAO) and hemoglobin (Hb) on MnO2 nanoparticles (MnO2 NPs) enriched poly thiophene (PTh). Cyclic voltammetry (CV), technique was applied for electropolymerization of thiophene on glassy carbon electrode (GCE) surface and MnO2 NPs dispersed on PTh network by soaking PTh/GCE in potassium permanganate (KMnO4) solution...
July 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472790/triggering-of-eryptosis-the-suicidal-erythrocyte-death-by-perifosine
#14
Jasmin Egler, Florian Lang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The alkylphospholipid perifosine is used for the treatment of malignancy. The substance is effective by triggering suicidal tumor cell death or apoptosis. Side effects of perifosine include anemia. At least in theory, perifosine-induced anemia could result from stimulation of suicidal erythrocyte death or eryptosis. Hallmarks of eryptosis are cell shrinkage and cell membrane scrambling with phosphatidylserine translocation to the erythrocyte surface. Cellular mechanisms participating in the orchestration of eryptosis include increase of cytosolic Ca2+ activity ([Ca2+]i), oxidative stress, increase of ceramide abundance, as well as activation of staurosporine sensitive protein kinase C and/or of SB203580 sensitive p38 kinase...
May 4, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469086/iron-accelerates-hemoglobin-oxidation-increasing-mortality-in-vascular-diseased-guinea-pigs-following-transfusion-of-stored-blood
#15
Jin Hyen Baek, Ayla Yalamanoglu, Yamei Gao, Ricardo Guenster, Donat R Spahn, Dominik J Schaer, Paul W Buehler
Non-transferrin-bound iron (NTBI) and free hemoglobin (Hb) accumulate in circulation following stored RBC transfusions. This study investigated transfusion, vascular disease, and mortality in guinea pigs after stored RBC transfusion alone and following cotransfusion with apo-transferrin (apo-Tf) and haptoglobin (Hp). The effects of RBC exchange transfusion dose (1, 3, and 9 units), storage period (14 days), and mortality were evaluated in guinea pigs with a vascular disease phenotype. Seven-day mortality and the interaction between iron and Hb as cocontributors to adverse outcome were studied...
May 4, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468307/markers-of-oxidative-stress-and-antioxidant-defense-in-romanian-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-obesity
#16
Ariana Picu, Laura Petcu, Simona Ştefan, Manuela Mitu, Daniela Lixandru, Constantin Ionescu-Tîrgovişte, Grațiela Grădișteanu Pîrcălăbioru, Felicia Ciulu-Costinescu, Maria-Viorica Bubulica, Mariana Carmen Chifiriuc
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is strongly associated with obesity. The adipose tissue secretes bioactive adipokines leading to low grade inflammation, amplified by oxidative stress, which promotes the formation of advanced glycation end products and eventually leads to dyslipidemia and vascular complications. The aim of this study was to correlate anthropometric, biochemical and oxidative stress parameters in newly diagnosed (ND) T2DM patients and to investigate the role of oxidative stress in T2DM associated with obesity...
May 1, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463811/a-facile-way-to-prepare-functionalized-dextran-nanogels-for-conjugation-of-hemoglobin
#17
Xing Wei, Hejian Xiong, Shasha He, Yupeng Wang, Dongfang Zhou, Xiabin Jing, Yubin Huang
Nanogels with several special advantages have been widely applied in protein delivery. However, biocompatible and biodegradable nanogels used for hemoglobin (Hb) delivery are far less explored. Herein, we developed a facile method to prepare functionalized dextran nanogels for conjugation of Hb. In situ cross-linked and aldehyde group functionalized nanogels (FNGs) were prepared from dextran-g-succinic anhydride-g-dopamine conjugate (Dex-SA-DA) assembly by simple pH adjustion and oxidization in water. Hb was further conjugated into the swelling FNGs by Schiff base reaction under mild condition...
April 23, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463784/discovery-of-novel-antitumor-nitric-oxide-donating-%C3%AE-elemene-hybrids-through-inhibiting-the-pi3k-akt-pathway
#18
Jichao Chen, Tianyu Wang, Shengtao Xu, Pengfei Zhang, Aijun Lin, Liang Wu, Hequan Yao, Weijia Xie, Zheying Zhu, Jinyi Xu
A series of novel furoxan-based NO-donating β-elemene hybrids were designed and synthesized to improve the anticancer efficacy of natural β-elemene. The bioassay results indicated that all of the target compounds exhibited significantly improved antiproliferative activities against three cancer cell lines (SGC-7901, HeLa and U87) compared to parent compound β-elemene. Interestingly, these compounds displayed excellent sensitivity to U87 cells with IC50 values ranging from 173 to 2 nM. Moreover, most compounds produced high levels of NO in vitro, and the antitumor activity of 11a in U87 cells was markedly attenuated by an NO scavenger (hemoglobin or carboxy-PTIO)...
April 20, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460182/effect-of-acute-nitrate-and-citrulline-supplementation-on-muscle-microvascular-response-to-ischemia-reperfusion-in-healthy-humans
#19
Thibault Le Roux-Mallouf, Florence Vibert, Stéphane Doutreleau, Samuel Verges
Nitric oxide (NO) is implicated in vasomotor control mechanisms altering the diameter of the vessels under various physiological and pathological conditions. There are two main NO production pathways, one NO synthase (NOS) independent (nitrate-nitrite-NO) and the other is NOS dependent (citrulline-arginine-NO). The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of acute nitrate and citrulline supplementation on post ischemic vascular response in healthy subjects. Fourteen subjects performed two leg vascular occlusion tests, 3 days apart...
May 1, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458422/effect-of-daidzein-on-cisplatin-induced-hematotoxicity-and-hepatotoxicity-in-experimental-rats
#20
Sanjiv Karale, Jagadish Vasudev Kamath
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to investigate the effect of daidzein flavonoid on cisplatin (CP)-induced hematotoxicity and hepatotoxicity in experimental rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Wistar rats were randomly divided into four equal groups: Normal (saline 1 ml p.o.), CP (7.5 mg/kg once intraperioteneally on 16(th) day), test group of low dose (combination of CP and daidzein 20 mg/kg p.o. for 21 days), and test group of high dose (combination of CP and daidzein 40 mg/kg p...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
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