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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341787/the-effects-of-early-life-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-ruminant-trans-fatty-acids-on-allergic-diseases-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Weijia Wu, Lizi Lin, Bijun Shi, Jin Jing, Li Cai
Early life nutritional exposures could modify the gene expression and susceptibility of allergic diseases (AD). This systematic review aimed to evaluate whether early life (the first 1,000 days) natural exposure to polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and ruminant trans fatty acids (R-TFA) could affect the AD risk. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, and ClinicalTrials.gov from inception through September 10, 2017 for observational studies. The quality of studies was examined by the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale, and the best evidence synthesis (BES) was applied...
January 17, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341346/a-systematic-review-and-classification-of-interventions-for-speech-sound-disorder-in-preschool-children
#2
REVIEW
Yvonne Wren, Sam Harding, Juliet Goldbart, Sue Roulstone
BACKGROUND: Multiple nterventions have been developed to address speech sound disorder (SSD) in children. Many of these have been evaluated but the evidence for these has not been considered within a model which categorizes types of intervention. The opportunity to carry out a systematic of interventions for SSD arose as part of a larger scale study of interventions for primary speech and language impairment in preschool children. AIMS: To review systematically the evidence for interventions for SSD in preschool children and to categorize them within a classification of interventions for SSD...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341032/-epidemiology-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-adult-patients-with-nosocomial-pneumonia-update-2017-s3-guideline-of-the-german-society-for-anaesthesiology-and-intensive-care-medicine-the-german-society-for-infectious-diseases-the-german-society-for-hygiene-and-microbiology
#3
K Dalhoff, M Abele-Horn, S Andreas, M Deja, S Ewig, P Gastmeier, S Gatermann, H Gerlach, B Grabein, C P Heußel, G Höffken, M Kolditz, E Kramme, H Kühl, C Lange, K Mayer, I Nachtigall, M Panning, M Pletz, P-M Rath, G Rohde, S Rosseau, B Schaaf, D Schreiter, H Schütte, H Seifert, C Spies, T Welte
Nosocomial pneumonia (HAP) is a frequent complication of hospital care. Most data are available on ventilator-associated pneumonia. However, infections on general wards are increasing. A central issue are infections with multidrug resistant (MDR) pathogens which are difficult to treat in the empirical setting potentially leading to inappropriate use of antimicrobial therapy.This guideline update was compiled by an interdisciplinary group on the basis of a systematic literature review. Recommendations are made according to GRADE giving guidance for the diagnosis and treatment of HAP on the basis of quality of evidence and benefit/risk ratio...
January 2018: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340887/toward-evidence-based-chinese-medicine-status-quo-opportunities-and-challenges
#4
Yao-Long Chen, Chen Zhao, Li Zhang, Bo Li, Chuan-Hong Wu, Wei Mu, Jia-Ying Wang, Ke-Hu Yang, You-Ping Li, Chiehfeng Chen, Yong-Yan Wang, Chen Wang, Zhao-Xiang Bian, Hong-Cai Shang
How to test the treatments of Chinese medicine (CM) and make them more widely accepted by practitioners of Western medicine and the international healthcare community is a major concern for practitioners and researchers of CM. For centuries, various approaches have been used to identify and measure the efficacy and safety of CM. However, the high-quality evidence related to CM that produced in China is still rare. Over the recent years, evidence-based medicine (EBM) has been increasingly applied to CM, strengthening its theoretical basis...
January 16, 2018: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340541/safety-criteria-to-start-early-mobilization-in-intensive-care-units-systematic-review
#5
Thais Martins Albanaz da Conceição, Ana Inês Gonzáles, Fernanda Cabral Xavier Sarmento de Figueiredo, Danielle Soares Rocha Vieira, Daiana Cristine Bündchen
Mobilization of critically ill patients admitted to intensive care units should be performed based on safety criteria. The aim of the present review was to establish which safety criteria are most often used to start early mobilization for patients under mechanical ventilation admitted to intensive care units. Articles were searched in the PubMed, PEDro, LILACS, Cochrane and CINAHL databases; randomized and quasi-randomized clinical trials, cohort studies, comparative studies with or without simultaneous controls, case series with 10 or more consecutive cases and descriptive studies were included...
October 2017: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340504/strategies-to-optimize-medline-and-embase-search-strategies-for-anesthesiology-systematic-reviews-an-experimental-study
#6
Enilze de Souza Nogueira Volpato, Marluci Betini, Maria Eduarda Puga, Arnav Agarwal, Antônio José Maria Cataneo, Luciane Dias de Oliveira, Rodrigo Bazan, Leandro Gobbo Braz, José Eduardo Guimarães Pereira, Regina El Dib
BACKGROUND: A high-quality electronic search is essential for ensuring accuracy and comprehensiveness among the records retrieved when conducting systematic reviews. Therefore, we aimed to identify the most efficient method for searching in both MEDLINE (through PubMed) and EMBASE, covering search terms with variant spellings, direct and indirect orders, and associations with MeSH and EMTREE terms (or lack thereof). DESIGN AND SETTING: Experimental study. UNESP, Brazil...
January 15, 2018: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340451/is-waste-collection-associated-with-hepatitis-b-infection-a-meta-analysis
#7
Marcos Paulo Gomes Mol, Sandy Cairncross, Dirceu Bartolomeu Greco, Leo Heller
This meta-analysis, which is based on a previously published systematic review, aims to contribute to the scientific discussion on hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in workers who are exposed to domestic and healthcare wastes. Publications were sought which had been made available on the data used by December 2013 and updated to December 2016. The quality of the included studies was assessed according to the guidelines of Loney et al. for the critical appraisal of studies on the prevalence or incidence of a health problem...
November 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340450/therapeutic-drug-monitoring-of-benznidazole-and-nifurtimox-a-systematic-review-and-quality-assessment-of-published-clinical-practice-guidelines
#8
Mario Javier Olivera, Johana Alexandra Fory, Antonio José Olivera
The pharmacological management of adults with chronic-phase Chagas disease is challenging despite it being the recent focus of extensive research. One of the challenges in the current clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) landscape is the existence of non-evidence-based recommendations for the use of laboratory tests in treatment monitoring. This study aimed to systematically assess the quality and consistency of recommendations of CPGs on the pharmacological management of adults with chronic-phase Chagas disease...
November 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340247/weekend-effect-in-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Pei-Ching Shih, Shu-Jung Liu, Sung-Tse Li, Ai-Chen Chiu, Po-Chuan Wang, Lawrence Yu-Min Liu
Aim: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the weekend effect on the mortality of patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding(UGIB). Methods: The review protocol has been registered in the PROSPERO International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (registration number: CRD42017073313) and was written according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. We conducted a search of the PUBMED, COCHRANE, EMBASE and CINAHL databases from inception to August 2017...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339846/ankle-arthrodesis-open-versus-arthroscopic-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Mallikarjun Honnenahalli Chandrappa, Shahin Hajibandeh, Shahab Hajibandeh
Objectives: Our objective was to perform a systematic review of the literature and conduct a meta-analysis to investigate the outcomes of open versus arthroscopic methods of ankle fusion. Methods: In accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement standards, we performed a systematic review. Electronic databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) were searched to identify randomised and non-randomised studies comparing outcomes of arthroscopic and open ankle arthrodesis...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339405/health-care-professionals-neckties-as-a-source-of-transmission-of-bacteria-to-patients-a-systematic-review
#11
Pia Pace-Asciak, Sanjiv K Bhimrao, Frederick K Kozak, Brian D Westerberg
BACKGROUND: There is growing concern that neckties worn by health care professionals may contribute to infections contracted in health care settings. We evaluated the evidence for health-care-associated infections resulting from neckties and whether the evidence is sufficient to warrant a tieless policy in Canada. METHODS: We performed a systematic review to determine whether neckties worn by health care professionals colonize harmful pathogenic bacteria and whether they contribute to the spread of infection to patients in the inpatient or outpatient setting...
January 12, 2018: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339262/the-long-term-physical-and-psychological-health-impacts-of-flooding-a-systematic-mapping
#12
REVIEW
Shuang Zhong, Lianping Yang, Sam Toloo, Zhe Wang, Shilu Tong, Xiaojie Sun, David Crompton, Gerard FitzGerald, Cunrui Huang
BACKGROUND: Flooding has caused significant and wide ranging long-term health impacts for affected populations. However, until now, the long-term health outcomes, epidemiological trends and specific impact factors of flooding had not been identified. In this study, the relevant literature was systematically mapped to create the first synthesis of the evidence of the long-term health impacts of flooding. METHODS: The systematic mapping method was used to collect and categorize all the relevant literature...
January 13, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339245/systematic-review-and-evaluation-of-aspartame-carcinogenicity-bioassays-using-quality-criteria
#13
REVIEW
Lois Haighton, Ashley Roberts, Brandon Walters, Barry Lynch
The current review assessed cancer studies of aspartame based on a quality appraisal using the Klimisch grading system. Nine studies having complete histopathology were included: three 2-year studies by Searle; three transgenic mice studies by the NTP; three lifetime studies by the Ramazzini Institute. A tenth study limited to brain tumors was not rated. None were determined as Klimisch Code 1 (reliable without restrictions). The Searle studies predated GLP standards but their methodology was comparable; transgenic mouse models are not validated, but are accepted as supporting data...
January 12, 2018: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339215/registration-in-prospero-of-systematic-review-protocols-was-associated-with-increased-review-quality
#14
Sofia Sideri, Spyridon N Papageorgiou, Theodore Eliades
OBJECTIVES: A priori registration of systematic review protocols in PROSPERO can help increase transparency and thereby the review's credibility. Aim of this study was to assess the influence of a priori registration of orthodontic systematic reviews in PROSPERO on the reviews' quality with the Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR) tool. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Seven databases were searched for systematic reviews with/without meta-analysis in orthodontics published between 2012-2016...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338934/systematic-review-of-the-safety-and-effectiveness-of-peripheral-neurostimulation-of-the-sphenopalatine-ganglion-for-the-treatment-of-refractory-chronic-cluster-headache
#15
L M Sánchez-Gómez, M Polo-deSantos, A Pinel-González, C Oreja-Guevara, S Luengo-Matos
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to assess the safety and effectiveness of peripheral neurostimulation of the sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG) in the treatment of refractory chronic cluster headache. DEVELOPMENT: Various medical databases were used to perform a systematic review of the scientific literature. The search for articles continued until 31 October 2016, and included clinical trials, systematic reviews and/or meta-analyses, health technology assessment reports, and clinical practice guidelines that included measurements of efficiency/effectiveness or adverse effects associated with the treatment...
January 12, 2018: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338806/cancer-pain-management-needs-and-perspectives-of-patients-from-chinese-backgrounds-a-systematic-review-of-the-chinese-and-english-literature
#16
Xiangfeng Xu, Tim Luckett, Alex Yueping Wang, Melanie Lovell, Jane L Phillips
OBJECTIVE: More than half of all cancer patients experience unrelieved pain. Culture can significantly affect patients' cancer pain-related beliefs and behaviors. Little is known about cultural impact on Chinese cancer patients' pain management. The objective of this review was to describe pain management experiences of cancer patients from Chinese backgrounds and to identify barriers affecting their pain management. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted adhering to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
January 17, 2018: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338794/a-systematic-review-of-group-walking-in-physically-healthy-people-to-promote-physical-activity
#17
Catherine Meads, Josephine Exley
BACKGROUND: Walking is a good way to meet physical activity guidelines. We examined the effectiveness of walking in groups compared with walking alone or inactive controls in physically healthy adults on physical activity and quality of life. (PROSPERO CRD42016033752). METHODS: We searched Medline, Embase, Cinahl, Web of Knowledge Science Citation Index, and Cochrane CENTRAL until March 2016, for any comparative studies, in physically healthy adults, of walking in groups compared with inactive controls or walking alone, reporting any measure of physical activity...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338767/effect-of-exercise-versus-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-or-no-intervention-on-anxiety-depression-fitness-and-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-previous-methamphetamine-dependency-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Linzette Morris, Jessica Stander, Wardah Ebrahim, Stephanie Eksteen, Orissa Anna Meaden, Ané Ras, Annemarie Wessels
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine (MA) is a highly addictive psychostimulant used by approximately 52 million people worldwide. Chronic MA abuse leads to detrimental physiological and neurological changes, as well as increases in anxiety and depression, and decreases in overall fitness and quality of life. Exercise has been reported to possibly reverse physiological and neurological damage caused by previous MA use, and to reduce anxiety and depression in this population. The aim of this systematic review was to identify, clinically appraise and synthesise the available evidence for the effectiveness of exercise, compared to cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), standard care or no intervention, on decreasing anxiety and depression and improving fitness and quality of life in previous MA users...
January 16, 2018: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338739/interventions-for-preventing-or-treating-malnutrition-in-homeless-problem-drinkers-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Sharea Ijaz, Helen Thorley, Katie Porter, Clare Fleming, Tim Jones, Joanna Kesten, Loubaba Mamluk, Alison Richards, Elsa M R Marques, Jelena Savović
BACKGROUND: Excessive drinking leads to poor absorption of nutrients and homeless problem-drinkers often have nutritionally inadequate diets. Depletion of nutrients such as vitamin B1 can lead to cognitive impairment, which can hinder efforts to reduce drinking or engage with services. This review aimed to assess effectiveness of interventions designed to prevent or treat malnutrition in homeless problem-drinkers. METHODS: We systematically searched nine electronic databases and 13 grey literature sources for studies evaluating interventions to improve nutrition in homeless populations, without regional or language restrictions...
January 16, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338487/acupuncture-treatments-for-infantile-colic-a-systematic-review-and-individual-patient-data-meta-analysis-of-blinding-test-validated-randomised-controlled-trials
#20
Holgeir Skjeie, Trygve Skonnord, Mette Brekke, Atle Klovning, Arne Fetveit, Kajsa Landgren, Inger Kristensson Hallström, Kjetil Gundro Brurberg
OBJECTIVE: Needle acupuncture in small children has gained some acceptance in Western medicine. It is controversial, as infants and toddlers are unable to consent to treatment. We aimed to assess its efficacy for treating infantile colic. DESIGN: A systematic review and a blinding-test validation based on individual patient data from randomised controlled trials. Primary end-points were crying time at mid-treatment, at the end of treatment and at a 1-month follow-up...
January 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
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