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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786828/oral-contraceptives-for-pain-associated-with-endometriosis
#1
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Tineke J Crawford, Shree Datta, Andrew Prentice
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is a common gynaecological condition which affects many women of reproductive age worldwide and is a major cause of pain and infertility. The combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP) is widely used to treat pain occurring as a result of endometriosis, although the evidence for its efficacy is limited. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness, safety and cost-effectiveness of oral contraceptive preparations in the treatment of painful symptoms ascribed to the diagnosis of laparoscopically proven endometriosis...
May 22, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786601/heterogeneous-photocatalysis-and-its-potential-applications-in-water-and-wastewater-treatment-a-review
#2
Syed N Ahmed, Waseem Haider
There has been a considerable amount of research in the development of sustainable water treatment techniques capable of improving the quality of water. Unavailability of drinkable water is a crucial issue especially in regions where conventional drinking water treatment systems fail to eradicate aquatic pathogens, toxic metal ions and industrial waste. The research and development in this area have given rise to a new class of processes called Advanced Oxidation Processes, particularly in the form of heterogeneous photocatalysis, which converts photon energy into chemical energy...
May 22, 2018: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786495/occupational-moral-injury-and-mental-health-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Victoria Williamson, Sharon A M Stevelink, Neil Greenberg
BACKGROUND: Many people confront potentially morally injurious experiences (PMIEs) in the course of their work which can violate deeply held moral values or beliefs, putting them at risk for psychological difficulties (e.g. post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, etc.).AimsWe aimed to assess the effect of moral injury on mental health outcomes. METHOD: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the association between work-related PMIEs and mental health disorders...
June 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785937/the-effect-of-enzyme-replacement-therapy-on-clinical-outcomes-in-paediatric-patients-with-fabry-disease-a-systematic-literature-review-by-a-european-panel-of-experts
#4
REVIEW
Marco Spada, Ralf Baron, Perry M Elliott, Bruno Falissard, Max J Hilz, Lorenzo Monserrat, Camilla Tøndel, Anna Tylki-Szymańska, Christoph Wanner, Dominique P Germain
BACKGROUND: Fabry disease is caused by a deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme α-galactosidase, resulting in progressive accumulation of globotriaosylceramide (GL-3). The disease can manifest early during childhood and adolescence. Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with recombinant human α-galactosidase is the first specific treatment for Fabry disease and has been available in Europe since 2001. This paper presents the findings of a systematic literature review of clinical outcomes with ERT in paediatric patients with Fabry disease...
April 26, 2018: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785690/migrant-healthcare-guidelines-a-systematic-quality-assessment
#5
REVIEW
Eric Nwachukwu Agbata, Paulina Fuentes Padilla, Ifeoma Nwando Agbata, Laura Hidalgo Armas, Ivan Solà, Kevin Pottie, Pablo Alonso-Coello
Significant international and cross-border migration has led to a growing availability of migrant healthcare guidelines (MHGs), which we systematically reviewed for quality. PubMed, MEDLINE, CINHAL, PsychINFO and guideline developer/guideline databases were searched for MHGs published 2006-2016. Three independent reviewers assessed eligible MHGs using the Appraisal of Guidelines, Research and Evaluation II instrument (AGREE II). MHGs were identified as high quality if they had a score of ≥ 60% in at least three of the six domains, including "rigour of development", and overall quality was assessed on a seven-point Likert scale...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785673/the-impact-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-on-bipolar-depression-mania-and-euthymia-a-systematic-review-of-preliminary-data
#6
Clément Dondé, Nicholas H Neufeld, Pierre A Geoffroy
The neurobiological basis of bipolar disorders (BD) has received increased attention and several brain regions and brain circuits have been correlated with clinical symptoms. These brain regions and circuits may represent targets for neuromodulation techniques such as transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS). We systematically reviewed the literature to explore the risks and benefits of tDCS in BD and examined all mood states. Following the PRISMA guidelines, a systematic literature search using several databases was performed from April 2002 to June 2017...
May 21, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785532/comparison-of-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-outcome-with-fresh-versus-frozen-thawed-testicular-sperm-in-men-with-nonobstructive-azoospermia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Zhe Yu, Zhewen Wei, Jun Yang, Tao Wang, Hongyang Jiang, Hao Li, Zhe Tang, Shaogang Wang, Jihong Liu
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to explore testicular sperm cryopreservation in patients with nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA) whether affect the outcome of subsequent intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted by searching the MEDLINE and EMBASE databases for relevant published studies in English language (1997-2017). Studies were eligible if they included the comparison of using fresh and frozen-thawed testicular sperm followed by ICSI...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785406/fluid-extravasation-in-shoulder-arthroscopic-surgery-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Muzammil Memon, Jeffrey Kay, Arian Gholami, Nicole Simunovic, Olufemi R Ayeni
Background: Arthroscopic surgery of the shoulder joint has become increasingly more common given its advantages over open surgery; however, one rare but potentially life-threatening complication is fluid extravasation into the surrounding tissues, causing edema, respiratory compromise, abnormal results on laboratory blood tests, and possibly death. Currently, no systematic review exists that summarizes the existing clinical research on this topic. Purpose: To perform a systematic review on fluid extravasation as a complication of shoulder arthroscopic surgery, specifically assessing clinical presentation, risk factors, management, and outcomes...
May 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784698/aspects-of-multicomponent-integrated-care-promote-sustained-improvement-in-surrogate-clinical-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Lee Ling Lim, Eric S H Lau, Alice P S Kong, Melanie J Davies, Naomi S Levitt, Björn Eliasson, Carlos A Aguilar-Salinas, Guang Ning, Yutaka Seino, Wing Yee So, Margaret McGill, Graham D Ogle, Trevor J Orchard, Philip Clarke, Rury R Holman, Edward W Gregg, Juan José Gagliardino, Juliana C N Chan
OBJECTIVE: The implementation of the Chronic Care Model (CCM) improves health care quality. We examined the sustained effectiveness of multicomponent integrated care in type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We searched PubMed and Ovid MEDLINE (January 2000-August 2016) and identified randomized controlled trials comprising two or more quality improvement strategies from two or more domains (health system, health care providers, or patients) lasting ≥12 months with one or more clinical outcomes...
June 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784553/postural-orthostatic-tachycardia-syndrome-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#10
REVIEW
Kate Morgan, Catherine Chojenta, Meredith Tavener, Angela Smith, Deb Loxton
PURPOSE: Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome is most commonly seen in women of child bearing age, however little is known about its effects in pregnancy. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted in March 2015 and updated in February 2018. Medline, Embase, PsychInfo, CINHAL, and the Cochrane Library were searched from database inception. The ClinicalTrials.gov site and bibliographies were searched. MeSH and Emtree headings and keywords included; Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome, Postural Tachycardia Syndrome, and were combined with pregnancy and pregnancy related subject headings and keywords...
May 9, 2018: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784460/review-of-real-time-3-dimensional-image-guided-radiation-therapy-on-standard-equipped-cancer-radiation-therapy-systems-are-we-at-the-tipping-point-for-the-era-of-real-time-radiation-therapy
#11
Paul J Keall, Doan Trang Nguyen, Ricky O'Brien, Pengpeng Zhang, Laura Happersett, Jenny Bertholet, Per R Poulsen
PURPOSE: To review real-time 3-dimensional (3D) image guided radiation therapy (IGRT) on standard-equipped cancer radiation therapy systems, focusing on clinically implemented solutions. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Three groups in 3 continents have clinically implemented novel real-time 3D IGRT solutions on standard-equipped linear accelerators. These technologies encompass kilovoltage, combined megavoltage-kilovoltage, and combined kilovoltage-optical imaging. The cancer sites treated span pelvic and abdominal tumors for which respiratory motion is present...
April 14, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784054/systematic-literature-review-and-assessment-of-patient-reported-outcome-instruments-in-sickle-cell-disease
#12
Grammati Sarri, Menaka Bhor, Seye Abogunrin, Caroline Farmer, Savita Nandal, Rashid Halloway, Dennis A Revicki
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a chronic condition associated with high mortality and morbidity. It is characterized by acute clinical symptoms such as painful vaso-occlusive crises, which can impair health-related quality of life (HRQL). This study was conducted to identify validated patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments for use in future trials of potential treatments for SCD. METHODS: A systematic literature review (SLR) was performed using MEDLINE and EMBASE to identify United States (US)-based studies published in English between 1997 and 2017 that reported on validated PRO instruments used in randomized controlled trials and real-world settings...
May 21, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783954/methods-to-systematically-review-and-meta-analyse-observational-studies-a-systematic-scoping-review-of-recommendations
#13
Monika Mueller, Maddalena D'Addario, Matthias Egger, Myriam Cevallos, Olaf Dekkers, Catrina Mugglin, Pippa Scott
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews and meta-analyses of observational studies are frequently performed, but no widely accepted guidance is available at present. We performed a systematic scoping review of published methodological recommendations on how to systematically review and meta-analyse observational studies. METHODS: We searched online databases and websites and contacted experts in the field to locate potentially eligible articles. We included articles that provided any type of recommendation on how to conduct systematic reviews and meta-analyses of observational studies...
May 21, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783936/identifying-and-assessing-the-benefits-of-interventions-for-postnatal-depression-a-systematic-review-of-economic-evaluations
#14
Binu Gurung, Louise J Jackson, Mark Monahan, Ruth Butterworth, Tracy E Roberts
BACKGROUND: Economic evaluations of interventions for postnatal depression (PND) are essential to ensure optimal healthcare decision-making. Due to the wide-ranging effects of PND on the mother, baby and whole family, there is a need to include outcomes for all those affected and to include health and non-health outcomes for accurate estimates of cost-effectiveness. This study aimed to identify interventions to prevent or treat PND for which an economic evaluation had been conducted and to evaluate the health and non-health outcomes included...
May 21, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783868/low-bone-mineral-density-in-ambulatory-persons-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#15
Cindy T R Mus-Peters, Bionka M A Huisstede, Suzie Noten, Minou W M G C Hitters, Wilma M A van der Slot, Rita J G van den Berg-Emons
PURPOSE: Non-ambulatory persons with cerebral palsy are prone to low bone mineral density. In ambulatory persons with cerebral palsy, bone mineral density deficits are expected to be small or absent, but a consensus conclusion is lacking. In this systematic review bone mineral density in ambulatory persons with cerebral palsy (Gross Motor Function Classification Scales I-III) was studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medline, Embase, and Web of Science were searched. According to international guidelines, low bone mineral density was defined as Z-score ≤ -2...
May 22, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783258/-theoretical-grounds-of-a-structural-and-functional-model-for-quality-assurance-of-radiation-diagnostics-under-conditions-of-development-of-the-modern-health-care-system-in-ukraine
#16
Oleg A Korop, Sergiy V Lenskykh
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Modern changes in the health care system of Ukraine are focused on financial support in providing medical and diagnostic care to the population and are based on deep and consistent structural and functional transformations. They are aimed at providing adequate quality care, which is the main target function and a principal criterion for operation of health care system. The urgency of this problem is increasing in the context of reforming the health care system and global changes in the governmental financial guarantees for the provision of medical services to the population...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783191/ganga-water-pollution-a-potential-health-threat-to-inhabitants-of-ganga-basin
#17
REVIEW
Sanjay Dwivedi, Seema Mishra, Rudra Deo Tripathi
BACKGROUND: The water quality of Ganga, the largest river in Indian sub-continent and life line to hundreds of million people, has severely deteriorated. Studies have indicated the presence of high level of carcinogenic elements in Ganga water. OBJECTIVES: We performed extensive review of sources and level of organic, inorganic pollution and microbial contamination in Ganga water to evaluate changes in the level of various pollutants in the recent decade in comparison to the past and potential health risk for the population through consumption of toxicant tainted fishes in Ganga basin...
May 18, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783064/aerobic-resistance-or-combined-training-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-exercise-to-reduce-cardiovascular-risk-in-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome
#18
Michael A Wewege, Jeanette M Thom, Kerry-Anne Rye, Belinda J Parmenter
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Exercise is beneficial to individuals with metabolic syndrome (MetS). An understudied group, who represent the majority of the MetS population, are individuals who have not developed diabetes. This review examined aerobic, resistance and combined (aerobic + resistance) exercise for cardiovascular risk factors in MetS without diabetes. METHODS: Eight electronic databases were searched up to September 2017 for randomised controlled trials >4 weeks in duration that compared an exercise intervention to the non-exercise control in MetS without diabetes...
May 3, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782635/effect-of-home-based-rehabilitation-for-hip-fracture-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#19
Desheng Wu, Xiulan Zhu, Shaowei Zhang
BACKGROUND: Home-based rehabilitation following hip fracture may be beneficial; however, the evidence is controversial. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effectiveness of home-based rehabilitation in patients with hip fracture. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, EBSCO, and Cochrane Library databases were searched systematically. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effect of home-based rehabilitation for patients with hip fracture were included...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782398/benefit-and-harm-of-adding-epinephrine-to-a-local-anesthetic-for-neuraxial-and-locoregional-anesthesia-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials-with-trial-sequential-analyses
#20
Clément Tschopp, Martin R Tramèr, Alexis Schneider, Maroun Zaarour, Nadia Elia
BACKGROUND: This systematic review examines the benefit and harm of adding epinephrine to local anesthetics for epidural, intrathecal, or locoregional anesthesia. METHODS: We searched electronic databases to October 2017 for randomized trials comparing any local anesthetic regimen combined with epinephrine, with the same local anesthetic regimen without epinephrine, reporting on duration of analgesia, time to 2 segments regression, or any adverse effects. Trial quality was assessed using the Cochrane risk of bias tool and a random-effects model was used...
May 17, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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