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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728346/suggestions-for-promoting-evidence-based-public-health-in-korea
#1
Jong-Myon Bae
The Public Health (EBPH) is defined as a decision-making in the domain of public health using current best evidences. Debates about the latent tuberculosis infection control program suggested by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2017 bring the need for promoting EBPH. To do this, three strategies were suggested as following: drawing some necessary evidences by evaluating policy-evidence gaps, delivering good quality and relevant evidences timely by conducting systematic reviews and adapting public health guidelines, and making the value-driven decisions by training and educating public health policy makers...
July 19, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728212/men-s-information-seeking-behaviour-regarding-cancer-risk-and-screening-a-meta-narrative-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Mohamad M Saab, Mary Reidy, Josephine Hegarty, Mairin O'Mahony, Mike Murphy, Christian Von Wagner, Frances J Drummond
OBJECTIVE: Preventive strategies are known to reduce cancer risk and incidence and improve prognosis. Men seldom seek medical information about cancer prevention and risk reduction. The aim of this meta-narrative systematic review was to critically appraise evidence from qualitative, quantitative, and mixed-methods studies that explored men's information-seeking behaviours in relation to cancer prevention and risk reduction. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL Plus with Full Text, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection, Education Full Text, and ERIC were systematically searched for studies published in English between January 1(st) 2006 and May 30(th) 2016...
July 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727988/environmental-exposures-and-pediatric-kidney-function-and-disease-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Laura Y Zheng, Alison P Sanders, Jeffrey M Saland, Robert O Wright, Manish Arora
BACKGROUND: Environmental chemical exposures have been implicated in pediatric kidney disease. No appraisal of the available evidence has been conducted on this topic. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the epidemiologic studies that assessed association of environmental exposures with measures of kidney function and disease in pediatric populations. The search period went through July 2016. RESULTS: We found 50 studies that met the search criteria and were included in this systematic review...
July 17, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727900/head-midline-position-for-preventing-the-occurrence-or-extension-of-germinal-matrix-intraventricular-hemorrhage-in-preterm-infants
#4
REVIEW
Olga Romantsik, Maria Grazia Calevo, Matteo Bruschettini
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is known to constitute the major risk factor for development of germinal matrix-intraventricular hemorrhage (GM-IVH). Head position may affect cerebral hemodynamics and thus may be involved indirectly in development of GM-IVH. Turning the head toward one side may functionally occlude jugular venous drainage on the ipsilateral side while increasing intracranial pressure and cerebral blood volume. Thus, it has been suggested that cerebral venous pressure is reduced and hydrostatic brain drainage improved if the patient is in supine midline position with the bed tilted 30°...
July 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727699/efficacy-of-palmitoylethanolamide-for-pain-a-meta-analysis
#5
Bekir Berker Artukoglu, Chad Beyer, Adi Zuloff-Shani, Ephraim Brener, Michael Howard Bloch
BACKGROUND: Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) is a cannabimimetic compound that has been investigated as an analgesic agent in animal models and clinical trials. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a meta-analysis to examine the efficacy of PEA for treating pain in randomized, controlled trials. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. SETTING: This meta-analysis examined all randomized, controlled trials involving the effect of PEA on pain score...
July 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727672/cardiac-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-left-ventricular-assist-device-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Toufik Mahfood Haddad, Alok Saurav, Aiman Smer, Muhammad S Azzouz, Abhilash Akinapelli, Mark A Williams, Venkata M Alla
PURPOSE: Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (EBCR) has been demonstrated to improve functional capacity in heart failure (HF). However, there are limited data on the effect of EBCR in patients with advanced HF and left ventricular assist devices (LVADs). This meta-analysis sought to evaluate the effects of EBCR on functional capacity in patients with LVAD. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library databases were searched for randomized studies assessing the impact of EBCR in patients following LVAD implantation compared with standard therapy (ST)...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727670/effect-of-psychosocial-and-vocational-interventions-on-return-to-work-rates-post-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-systematic-review
#7
Lisa OʼBrien, Sonal Wallace, Lorena Romero
PURPOSE: To examine whether the effects of psychosocial and vocational interventions delivered in the first 3 mo post-acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are effective for improving work outcomes compared with other interventions. METHODS: A search was completed for English language publications up to March 2016 across 4 electronic databases and gray literature. Inclusion criteria were (1) psychosocial and/or vocational interventions; (2) adults 18 years or older with an AMI who were within the first 3 mo post-AMI; (3) randomized or clinically controlled trials; and (4) reporting of at least 1 return-to-work (RTW) outcome: including return to paid/unpaid employment, either full-time or part-time, to the previous job role or on modified duties...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727663/mindfulness-based-relapse-prevention-for-substance-use-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Sean Grant, Benjamin Colaiaco, Aneesa Motala, Roberta Shanman, Marika Booth, Melony Sorbero, Susanne Hempel
OBJECTIVES: Substance use disorder (SUD) is a prevalent health issue with serious personal and societal consequences. This review aims to estimate the effects and safety of Mindfulness-based Relapse Prevention (MBRP) for SUDs. METHODS: We searched electronic databases for randomized controlled trials evaluating MBRP for adult patients diagnosed with SUDs. Two reviewers independently assessed citations, extracted trial data, and assessed risks of bias. We conducted random-effects meta-analyses and assessed quality of the body of evidence (QoE) using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation approach...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726274/resilience-and-the-rehabilitation-of-adult-spinal-cord-injury-survivors-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Rachel Kornhaber, Loyola Mclean, Vasiliki Betihavas, Michelle Cleary
AIM: To synthesise the qualitative research evidence that explored how survivors of adult spinal cord injury experience and make sense of resilience. BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injury is often a sudden and unexpected life-changing event requiring complex and long-term rehabilitation. The development of resilience is essential in determining how spinal cord injury survivors negotiate this injury and rehabilitation. DESIGN: A qualitative systematic review and thematic synthesis of the research evidence...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726168/cognitive-interventions-for-cognitively-healthy-mildly-impaired-and-mixed-samples-of-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
REVIEW
Catherine M Mewborn, Cutter A Lindbergh, L Stephen Miller
Cognitive interventions may improve cognition, delay age-related cognitive declines, and improve quality of life for older adults. The current meta-analysis was conducted to update and expand previous work on the efficacy of cognitive interventions for older adults and to examine the impact of key demographic and methodological variables. EBSCOhost and Embase online databases and reference lists were searched to identify relevant randomized-controlled trials (RCTs) of cognitive interventions for cognitively healthy or mildly impaired (MCI) older adults (60+ years)...
July 19, 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726120/magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-detection-of-parametrial-invasion-in-cervical-cancer-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-literature-between-2012-and-2016
#11
Sungmin Woo, Chong Hyun Suh, Sang Youn Kim, Jeong Yeon Cho, Seung Hyup Kim
OBJECTIVE: To review the diagnostic performance of MRI for detection of parametrial invasion (PMI) in cervical cancer patients. METHODS: MEDLINE and EMBASE databases were searched for studies providing diagnostic performance of MRI for detecting PMI in patients with cervical cancer. Studies published between 2012 and 2016 using surgico-pathological results as reference standard were included. Study quality was evaluated using QUADAS-2. Sensitivity and specificity of all studies were calculated...
July 19, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725669/data-concerning-the-impact-of-mental-fatigue-on-vigor-as-measured-with-the-brunel-mood-scale-brums-in-both-physically-active-and-trained-subjects-a-mini-meta-analysis
#12
Maamer Slimani, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi
The aim of the present mini meta-analysis was to compute the overall effect of mental fatigue induced by two cognitive tasks (namely, AX-continuous performance test or AX-CPT and incongruent Stroop test) on mood state, particularly on vigor, assessed using the Brunel Mood Scale (BRUMS), in both physically active and trained subjects. Search strategy was taken from a systematic review recently carried out by Van Cutsem and collaborators [1], as well as the quality assessment of the included studies. Mental fatigue was not found to impact on vigor score (n=62, effect size=0...
August 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725261/health-risk-behavior-among-chronically-ill-adolescents-a-systematic-review-of-assessment-tools
#13
REVIEW
Derrick Ssewanyana, Moses Kachama Nyongesa, Anneloes van Baar, Charles R Newton, Amina Abubakar
BACKGROUND: Adolescents living with chronic illnesses engage in health risk behaviors (HRB) which pose challenges for optimizing care and management of their ill health. Frequent monitoring of HRB is recommended, however little is known about which are the most useful tools to detect HRB among chronically ill adolescents. AIMS: This systematic review was conducted to address important knowledge gaps on the assessment of HRB among chronically ill adolescents. Its specific aims were to: identify HRB assessment tools, the geographical location of the studies, their means of administration, the psychometric properties of the tools and the commonest forms of HRB assessed among adolescents living with chronic illnesses globally...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724128/topical-corticosteroid-phobia-in-atopic-dermatitis-a-systematic-review
#14
Alvin W Li, Emily S Yin, Richard J Antaya
Importance: Topical corticosteroid (TCS) phobia refers to the negative feelings and beliefs related to TCSs experienced by patients and patients' caregivers. This phenomenon may be a major contributing factor in treatment failure in patients with atopic dermatitis, yet it has been sparsely described in the literature. Objective: To systematically assess the nomenclature, prevalence, origins, and effect on treatment adherence of TCS phobia in atopic dermatitis. Evidence Review: A literature search was conducted using specific eligibility criteria across electronic databases, including Ovid (MEDLINE, EMBASE), PubMed, and Web of Science, for articles published from January 1, 1946, to October 31, 2016...
July 19, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724046/breast-cancer-screening-in-brazil-barriers-related-to-the-health-system
#15
René Aloisio da Costa Vieira, Alessandro Formenton, Silvia Regina Bertolini
Objective: Identify factors related to the health system that lead to a late diagnosis of breast cancer in Brazil. Method: We performed a systematic review in the PubMed and LILACS databases using as keywords "Breast cancer," "system of health" and "Brazil or Brasil." We evaluated the content of the articles using the PRISMA methodology based on PICTOS. The final date was 12/16/2015. We were able to identify 94 publications in PubMed and 43 publications in LILACS...
May 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724015/anti-bullying-interventions-in-schools-a-systematic-literature-review
#16
Jorge Luiz da Silva, Wanderlei Abadio de Oliveira, Flávia Carvalho Malta de Mello, Luciane Sá de Andrade, Marina Rezende Bazon, Marta Angélica Iossi Silva
This paper presents a systematic literature review addressing rigorously planned and assessed interventions intended to reduce school bullying. The search for papers was performed in four databases (Lilacs, Psycinfo, Scielo and Web of Science) and guided by the question: What are the interventions used to reduce bullying in schools? Only case-control studies specifically focusing on school bullying without a time frame were included. The methodological quality of investigations was assessed using the SIGN checklist...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723817/a-systematic-review-of-the-effects-of-resistance-training-on-body-image
#17
Nicholas J SantaBarbara, James W Whitworth, Joseph T Ciccolo
The purpose of this systematic review was to identify and appraise the literature that has specifically tested the independent effects of resistance training (i.e., weight lifting) on body image in adults. A comprehensive search through December 2016 of electronic databases PubMed, Scopus, PsycNET, and Web of Science for relevant studies published in peer-reviewed journals was conducted, and PRISMA guidelines were followed. Inclusion criteria were that a study had to be: a) written in English; b) published in a peer-reviewed journal; c) conducted an assessment of body image using a validated scale before and after a stand-alone resistance training intervention (i...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723798/the-safety-and-effectiveness-of-robot-assisted-versus-laparoscopic-tme-in-patients-with-rectal-cancer-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#18
Xiaofei Li, Tao Wang, Liang Yao, Lidong Hu, Penghui Jin, Tiankang Guo, Kehu Yang
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the safety and effectiveness of robotic-assisted versus laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (TME) in patients with rectal cancer. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane library, Web of science, and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database up to July 2016 to identify case-controlled studies that compared robotic TME (RTME) with laparoscopic TME (LTME) for rectal cancer. GRADE was used to interpret the primary outcomes of this meta-analysis...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723761/efficacy-of-the-prophylactic-use-of-octreotide-for-the-prevention-of-complications-after-pancreatic-resection-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#19
Chunli Wang, Xin Zhao, Shengyi You
BACKGROUND: The use of octreotide prophylaxis in the prevention of complications after pancreatic resection remains controversial. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the efficacy of octreotide prophylactic treatment to prevent complications after pancreatic resection. METHODS: Five databases (PubMed, Medline, SinoMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library) were searched for eligible studies from 1980 to November 2016 with the limitation of human subjects and randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723470/sexually-transmitted-disease-and-male-infertility-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Mikkel Fode, Ferdinando Fusco, Larry Lipshultz, Wolfgang Weidner
CONTEXT: Theoretically, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) have the potential to disrupt male fertility; however, the topic remains controversial. OBJECTIVE: To describe the possible association between STDs and male infertility and to explore possible pathophysiologic mechanisms. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We performed a systematic literature review in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were searched for articles published before January 1, 2016, using the MeSH terms for a variety of STDs and infertility...
October 2016: European Urology Focus
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