keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Brain based psychotherapy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322535/neuropsychological-rehabilitation-and-psychotherapy-of-adult-traumatic-brain-injury-patients-with-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Zeng-Qiang Liu, Xue Zeng, Chen-Yang Duan
INTRODUCTION: There is still insufficient appreciation whether neuropsychological rehabilitation and psychotherapy are effective in attenuating depression following traumatic brain injury (TBI). This knowledge gap was addressed in the present systematic review and meta- analysis of the literature. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We conducted electronic database (Medline, PsychINFO, Scopus) searches (time frame: January 1, 2005 - December 31, 2015) for clinical studies that had tested neuropsychological rehabilitation and psychotherapy in adult TBI survivors with depression...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143760/pretreatment-biomarkers-predicting-ptsd-psychotherapy-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Peter J Colvonen, Lisa H Glassman, Laura D Crocker, Melissa M Buttner, Henry Orff, Dawn M Schiehser, Sonya B Norman, Niloofar Afari
Although our understanding of the relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), brain structure and function, neural networks, stress-related systems, and genetics is growing, there is considerably less attention given to which biological markers predict evidence-based PTSD psychotherapy outcomes. Our systematic PRISMA-informed review of 20 studies examined biomarkers as predictors of evidence-based PTSD psychotherapy outcomes. Results provide preliminary evidence that specific structural and functional neural systems (involved in information processing), glucocorticoid sensitivity and metabolism (part of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and the response to stress), heart rate (involved with fear habituation), gene methylation, and certain genotypes (associated with serotonin and glucocorticoids) predicted positive response to PTSD treatment...
April 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126372/emotion-regulation-related-neural-predictors-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-response-in-social-anxiety-disorder
#3
Heide Klumpp, Julia Roberts, Amy E Kennedy, Stewart A Shankman, Scott A Langenecker, James J Gross, K Luan Phan
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is characterized by aberrant prefrontal activity during reappraisal, an adaptive cognitive approach aimed at downregulating the automatic response evoked by a negative event. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is first-line psychotherapy for SAD, however, many remain symptomatic after treatment indicating baseline individual differences in neurofunctional activity may factor into CBT outcome. An emotion regulation strategy practiced in CBT is cognitive restructuring, a proxy for reappraisal...
April 3, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125305/a-systematic-literature-review-of-psychotherapeutic-treatment-of-prolonged-symptoms-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
Kjersti Bergersen, Joar Øveraas Halvorsen, Einar Aagaard Tryti, Solveig Isabel Taylor, Alexander Olsen
BACKGROUND: Mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBI) are the most common of traumatic brain injuries and patients often experience a wide range of symptoms such as headache, fatigue, dizziness, sleep problems and subjective cognitive deficits. While most symptomatic patients recover quickly, a sub-group of ~ 10-20% of patients experience prolonged symptoms. There is currently a lack of evidence-based treatment for these patients. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present paper was to conduct a systematic review of the literature on psychotherapeutic interventions specifically for patients with prolonged symptoms (> 3 months after injury) after mTBI...
2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065842/fear-extinction-and-memory-reconsolidation-as-critical-components-in-behavioral-treatment-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-potential-augmentation-of-these-processes
#5
REVIEW
Noelle B Smith, Jennifer M Doran, Lauren M Sippel, Ilan Harpaz-Rotem
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with alterations in critical brain regions such as the amygdala, hippocampus, and prefrontal cortex. This brief review has two objectives: (1) to discuss research examining extinction and reconsolidation processes as mechanisms in PTSD psychotherapy, and (2) present possibilities for augmenting extinction and reconsolidation within treatment through alterations to therapeutic interventions and novel approaches. A key component of many effective PTSD therapies is exposure, which involves intentional confrontation and processing of the traumatic memory...
January 5, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060206/tbi-and-treatment-response-in-a-randomized-trial-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy
#6
Jessica Bomyea, Ariel J Lang, Paula P Schnurr
OBJECTIVE: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs in a substantial minority of military personnel, and commonly is associated with mental health disorders and postconcussive symptoms (PCS). The implications of TBI for mental health treatment are not well understood. The present study sought to describe psychotherapy response in veterans with and without TBI. DESIGN: This is a secondary analysis from a 2-group randomized controlled trial. SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND MEASURES: One hundred and sixty male and female veterans participated in a multisite randomized controlled trial of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy versus Present Centered Therapy; a subset of 129 veterans were included in these analyses...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969089/effectiveness-of-taking-in-the-good-based-bibliotherapy-intervention-program-among-depressed-filipino-female-adolescents
#7
John Jacob, Rosalito G De Guzman
Adolescent depression is a severe mental health problem. Philippines has the highest incidence of depression in South East Asia. Depressed female adolescents habitually seek and retain negative experiences. Aim of this research was to develop and to assess effectiveness of a Taking in the Good Based-Bibliotherapy Intervention Program for female adolescents. As an innovative type of psychotherapy treatment, program aimed to build up their inner strengths by experiencing, enriching and absorbing daily events with a positive attitude and installing them in brain...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912160/successful-group-psychotherapy-of-depression-in-adolescents-alters-fronto-limbic-resting-state-connectivity
#8
J Straub, C D Metzger, P L Plener, M G Koelch, G Groen, B Abler
BACKGROUND: Current resting state imaging findings support suggestions that the neural signature of depression and therefore also its therapy should be conceptualized as a network disorder rather than a dysfunction of specific brain regions. In this study, we compared neural connectivity of adolescent patients with depression (PAT) and matched healthy controls (HC) and analysed pre-to-post changes of seed-based network connectivities in PAT after participation in a cognitive behavioral group psychotherapy (CBT)...
February 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768049/treating-clinical-depression-with-repetitive-deep-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-using-the-brainsway-h1-coil
#9
David Feifel, Katherine Pappas
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is an emerging non-pharmacological approach to treating many brain-based disorders. rTMS uses electromagnetic coils to stimulate areas of the brain non-invasively. Deep transcranial magnetic stimulation (dTMS) with the Brainsway H1-coil system specifically is a type of rTMS indicated for treating patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) who are resistant to medication. The unique H1-coil design of this device is able to stimulate neuronal pathways that lie deeper in the targeted brain areas than those reached by conventional rTMS coils...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732562/possible-role-of-biochemiluminescent-photons-for-lysergic-acid-diethylamide-lsd-induced-phosphenes-and-visual-hallucinations
#10
Gábor Kapócs, Felix Scholkmann, Vahid Salari, Noémi Császár, Henrik Szőke, István Bókkon
Today, there is an increased interest in research on lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) because it may offer new opportunities in psychotherapy under controlled settings. The more we know about how a drug works in the brain, the more opportunities there will be to exploit it in medicine. Here, based on our previously published papers and investigations, we suggest that LSD-induced visual hallucinations/phosphenes may be due to the transient enhancement of bioluminescent photons in the early retinotopic visual system in blind as well as healthy people...
January 1, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721186/the-properties-and-utility-of-the-core-measure-of-melancholia
#11
REVIEW
Gordon Parker, Stacey McCraw
BACKGROUND: The CORE measure was designed to assess a central feature of melancholia - signs of psychomotor disturbance (PMD) - and so provide an alternate non-symptom based measure of melancholia or of its probability. This review evaluates development and application studies undertaken over the last 25 years to consider how well it has met its original objectives. METHODS: All studies published using the CORE measure as either the only or an adjunctive measure of melancholia were obtained and are considered in this review...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688940/cbt-reduces-cbf-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-reduces-cerebral-blood-flow-in-fear-relevant-brain-regions-in-spider-phobia
#12
Leila M Soravia, Ariane Orosz, Simon Schwab, Masahito Nakataki, Roland Wiest, Andrea Federspiel
BACKGROUND: Imaging studies have provided evidence that cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is able to change brain activation in phobic patients in response to threatening stimuli. The changes occurred in both emotion-generating and modulatory regions. In this study, we use a data-driven approach to explore resting state cerebral blood flow (CBF) measured by arterial spin labeling (ASL), before and after CBT. METHODS: Eight female patients with spider phobia were scanned before and 1 month after an exposure-based group therapy for spider phobia...
September 2016: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684102/psilocybin-for-treating-substance-use-disorders
#13
Bas T H de Veen, Arnt F A Schellekens, Michel M M Verheij, Judith R Homberg
Evidence based treatment for Substance use disorders (SUD) includes psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy. However, these are only partially effective. Hallucinogens, such as psilocybin, may represent potential new treatment options for SUD. This review provides a summary of (human) studies on the putative therapeutic effects of psilocybin, and discusses the receptor systems, brain regions and cognitive and emotional processes mediating psilocybin's effects. Psilocybin's chemical structure is similar to that of serotonin...
February 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603804/criticism-in-the-self-brain-relationships-and-social-structure-implications-for-psychodynamic-psychiatry
#14
Golan Shahar
An integrative-psychodynamic theory of criticism in self and relationships is presented (Shahar, 2015). My theoretical starting point is the tension between Authenticity (A; our inherited potential, tantamount to Winnicott's True Self) and Self-Knowledge (SK; what we [think] we know about ourselves). Self-criticism, a formidable dimension of vulnerability to a wide array of psychopathologies, is construed as a distorted form of self-knowledge, reducing internal confusion at the expense of widening the gap between A and SK...
December 0: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603763/cognitive-rehabilitation-for-military-service-members-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
Douglas B Cooper, Amy O Bowles, Jan E Kennedy, Glenn Curtiss, Louis M French, David F Tate, Rodney D Vanderploeg
OBJECTIVE: To compare cognitive rehabilitation (CR) interventions for mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) with standard of care management, including psychoeducation and medical care for noncognitive symptoms. SETTING: Military medical center. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 126 service members who received mTBI from 3 to 24 months before baseline evaluation and reported ongoing cognitive difficulties. INTERVENTIONS: Randomized clinical trial with treatment outcomes assessed at baseline, 3-week, 6-week, 12-week, and 18-week follow-ups...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585739/attenuation-of-frontostriatal-connectivity-during-reward-processing-predicts-response-to-psychotherapy-in-major-depressive-disorder
#16
Erin Walsh, Hannah Carl, Tory Eisenlohr-Moul, Jared Minkel, Andrew Crowther, Tyler Moore, Devin Gibbs, Chris Petty, Josh Bizzell, Moria J Smoski, Gabriel S Dichter
There are few reliable predictors of response to antidepressant treatments. In the present investigation, we examined pretreatment functional brain connectivity during reward processing as a potential predictor of response to Behavioral Activation Treatment for Depression (BATD), a validated psychotherapy that promotes engagement with rewarding stimuli and reduces avoidance behaviors. Thirty-three outpatients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and 20 matched controls completed two runs of the monetary incentive delay task during functional magnetic resonance imaging after which participants with MDD received up to 15 sessions of BATD...
March 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570959/-on-the-university-of-recovery
#17
Jean-François Pelletier, Christine Boisvert, Marie-Claude Galipeau-Leduc, Christian Ducasse, Denis Pouliot-Morneau, Julie Bordeleau
Objectives Located at the heart of a mental health university institute in Montreal, Canada, the University of Recovery (UR) is a peer-run agency of service users who came together as a private non-profit organization to promote their experiential knowledge in science and public health, and to transform the academic milieu as an inclusive work environment conducive to recovery and full citizenship. UR students can thus have access to scientific conferences and classes on various topics and invite scientists or other professionals to further discuss new discoveries and techniques, and possible ways of improving healthcare from a patients' and service users' perspective...
December 0: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445865/translating-neurocognitive-models-of-auditory-verbal-hallucinations-into-therapy-using-real-time-fmri-neurofeedback-to-treat-voices
#18
Thomas Fovet, Natasza Orlov, Miriam Dyck, Paul Allen, Klaus Mathiak, Renaud Jardri
Auditory-verbal hallucinations (AVHs) are frequent and disabling symptoms, which can be refractory to conventional psychopharmacological treatment in more than 25% of the cases. Recent advances in brain imaging allow for a better understanding of the neural underpinnings of AVHs. These findings strengthened transdiagnostic neurocognitive models that characterize these frequent and disabling experiences. At the same time, technical improvements in real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) enabled the development of innovative and non-invasive methods with the potential to relieve psychiatric symptoms, such as fMRI-based neurofeedback (fMRI-NF)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27427844/psychotherapy-and-its-role-in-psychiatric-practice-a-position-paper-ii-objective-subjective-and-intersubjective-science
#19
Yakov Shapiro, Nicholas John, Rowan Scott, Nadia Tomy
In the first article in this 2-part series, we outlined a psychobiological model of psychiatric treatment and reviewed the evidence showing psychotherapy to be a form of biological intervention that induces lasting alterations in brain structure and function. In this second article, we focus on the adaptive model of psychopathology, the effectiveness of psychotherapeutic interventions, the synergistic effects of combined psychotherapy and psychopharmacology treatments, and attention to the patient's subjective experience and the doctor-patient alliance to complement an "objective" case formulation...
July 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401883/naltrexone-a-pan-addiction-treatment
#20
REVIEW
Elias Aboujaoude, Wael O Salame
Addiction is a major public health problem with few efficacious and safe treatments. The goal of this review is to provide an evidence-based assessment of the therapeutic role of the opioid antagonist naltrexone across the addiction spectrum-substance-based and behavioral. The PubMed database was searched for randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trials that investigated the oral or intramuscular long-acting formulation of naltrexone in substance use disorders or behavioral addictions such as pathological gambling, kleptomania, and trichotillomania...
August 2016: CNS Drugs
keyword
keyword
107286
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"