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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911468/radical-cystectomy-and-cutaneous-ureterostomy-in-4-dogs-with-trigonal-transitional-cell-carcinoma-description-of-technique-and-case-series
#1
Rafael Ricardo Huppes, Leandro Z Crivellenti, Andrigo Barboza De Nardi, Bruno Roque Lima, Cristiane Alves Cintra, Jorge Luiz Costa Castro, Christopher A Adin
OBJECTIVE: To describe radical cystectomy followed by cutaneous ureterostomy as a treatment of invasive bladder neoplasia in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs with transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder trigone (n=4). METHODS: Perioperative complications and long-term outcomes of dogs that underwent cutaneous ureterostomy following radical cystectomy and lymphadenectomy for transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder trigone were reviewed...
December 1, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907243/an-optimized-centrifugal-method-for-separation-of-semen-from-superabsorbent-polymers-for-forensic-analysis
#2
Lucy R Camarena, Bailey K Glasscock, Demi Daniels, Nicolle Ackley, Marybeth Sciarretta, Sarah J Seashols-Williams
Connection of a perpetrator to a sexual assault is best performed through the confirmed presence of semen, thereby proving sexual contact. Evidentiary items can include sanitary napkins or diapers containing superabsorbent polymers (SAPs), complicating spermatozoa visualization and DNA analysis. In this report, we evaluated the impact of SAPS on the current forensic DNA workflow, developing an efficient centrifugal protocol for separating spermatozoa from SAP material. The optimized filtration method was compared to common practices of excising the top layer only, resulting in significantly higher sperm yields when a core sample of the substrate was taken...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900946/childhood-psoriasis
#3
Emmanuel Mahé
Psoriasis is a common chronic inflammatory skin disease. Recently, few data have been published on epidemiology, comorbidity, or therapy in children with psoriasis. Psoriasis affects up to 2% of children in Europe, even during the first months of life. The link between psoriasis and metabolic comorbidities has been highlighted, notably in relation to excessive weight and obesity. The clinical picture of psoriasis in childhood resembles adult disease, however, some clinical features are noteworthy: neonatal diaper rash is relatively specific, face involvement and guttate psoriasis are more common, plaques are often smaller, and scales are finer and softer than in adults...
November 29, 2016: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878785/lesions-requiring-wound-management-in-a-central-tertiary-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#4
Angéla Meszes, Gyula Tálosi, Krisztina Máder, Hajnalka Orvos, Lajos Kemény, Zsanett Renáta Csoma
BACKGROUND: Most of the skin disorders that occur in neonatal intensive care units are due in part to the immaturity and vulnerability of the neonatal skin. Various iatrogenic diagnostic and therapeutic procedures are also conducive to iatrogenic damage. This study was to review the neonates admitted to our neonatal intensive care unit who needed wound management, and to assess the most common skin injuries and wounds, and their aetiology. METHODS: Data were extracted from medical records of neonates who needed wound management in our Neonatal Intensive Care Unit between January 31, 2012 and January 31, 2013...
November 23, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789190/quantitative-analysis-of-organophosphate-insecticide-metabolites-in-urine-extracted-from-disposable-diapers-of-toddlers-in-japan
#5
Naoko Oya, Yuki Ito, Keisuke Hioki, Yuya Asai, Arisa Aoi, Yuka Sugiura, Jun Ueyama, Tomoko Oguri, Sayaka Kato, Takeshi Ebara, Michihiro Kamijima
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Epidemiological studies linking insecticide exposure to childhood neurodevelopment have been gaining global attention. Despite the rapid development of the central nervous system in early childhood, studies regarding the biological monitoring of insecticide exposure in diapered children are limited. In this study, we aimed to clarify the concentrations of organophosphate (OP) insecticide metabolites in toddler urine extracted from disposable diapers in Japan. METHODS: We recruited diapered children from the Aichi regional subcohort participants of the Japan Environment and Children's Study (JECS) at the time of their 18-month checkup...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771425/short-term-preoperative-high-intensity-interval-training-in-patients-awaiting-lung-cancer-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Marc Licker, Wolfram Karenovics, John Diaper, Isabelle Frésard, Frédéric Triponez, Christoph Ellenberger, Raoul Schorer, Bengt Kayser, Pierre-Olivier Bridevaux
BACKGROUND: Impairment in aerobic fitness is a potential modifiable risk factor for postoperative complications. In this randomized controlled trial, we hypothesized that a high-intensity interval training (HIIT) program enhances cardiorespiratory fitness before lung cancer surgery and therefore reduces the risk of postoperative complications. METHODS: Patients with operable lung cancer were randomly assigned to usual care (UC, N=77) or preoperative rehabilitation based on HIIT (Rehab, N=74)...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704308/toxicants-in-folk-remedies-implications-of-elevated-blood-lead-in-an-american-born-infant-due-to-imported-diaper-powder
#7
Mateusz P Karwowski, Suzette A Morman, Geoffrey S Plumlee, Terence Law, Mark Kellogg, Alan D Woolf
Though most childhood lead exposure in the USA results from ingestion of lead-based paint dust, non-paint sources are increasingly implicated. We present interdisciplinary findings from and policy implications of a case of elevated blood lead (13-18 mcg/dL, reference level <5 mcg/dL) in a 9-month-old infant, linked to a non-commercial Malaysian folk diaper powder. Analyses showed the powder contains 62 % lead by weight (primarily lead oxide) and elevated antimony [1000 parts per million (ppm)], arsenic (55 ppm), bismuth (110 ppm), and thallium (31 ppm)...
October 4, 2016: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676112/infant-skin-care-products-what-are-the-issues
#8
Joanne McManus Kuller
BACKGROUND: Infant skin is susceptible to dryness and irritation from external factors, including topical skin care products not formulated for the infant's skin. This may increase the risk of contact dermatitis. Parents frequently express concern regarding potential harm from ingredients in skin care products and seek information. This is complicated by several skin care myths. PURPOSE: The purpose of this literature review was to provide evidence-based information to educate parents on the use of products for preterm and term infants...
October 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676111/extremely-preterm-infant-skin-care-a-transformation-of-practice-aimed-to-prevent-harm
#9
Deanna E Johnson
BACKGROUND: The skin of extremely preterm infants is underdeveloped and has poor barrier function. Skin maintenance interventions initiated in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) have immediate and lifelong implications when the potential for infection, allergen sensitization, and altered aesthetic outcomes are considered. In addition, the high-level medical needs of extremely preterm infants demand skin-level medical interventions that too often result in unintended skin harm. PURPOSE: We describe the use of a harm prevention, or consequence-centered, approach to skin care, which facilitates safer practice for extremely premature infants...
October 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676110/diaper-dermatitis-what-do-we-do-next
#10
Media Esser
Diaper dermatitis is a major issue among hospitalized infants, leading to increased medical costs, pain, risk for infection, and distress among patients and caregivers. An evidence-based algorithm for prevention and treatment of diaper dermatitis was developed and introduced in a level IV neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Two cases are discussed as examples of severe diaper dermatitis. The first case demonstrates the final case of severe diaper dermatitis since the introduction of the algorithm. The second case demonstrates a less severe, but equally frustrating, case of diaper dermatitis that occurred after the practice of using the algorithm was established...
October 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676107/skin-care-special-issue-diaper-dermatitis-and-extremely-preterm-infant-skin-care
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639793/single-stage-female-epispadias-repair-by-combined-infrasymphyseal-bladder-neck-plication-and-urethrogenitoplasty-a-novel-technique
#12
Sher Singh Yadav, Neeraj Agarwal, Sanjay Kumar, Vinay Tomar, Nachiket Vyas, Ramdayal Teli, Mohit Kumar Badgurjar, Manoj Kumar Bamaniya
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of infrasymphyseal bladder neck plication and suspension from the pubic bone along with urethrogenitoplasty as a single-stage procedure for treating isolated cases of female epispadias. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six patients with female epispadias having grade 3 urinary incontinence were treated through bladder neck plication and suspension from the pubic bone along with urethrogenitoplasty from December 2013 to March 2016. RESULTS: Of the 6 patients with a mean age of 5...
September 14, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599710/different-risk-factors-for-infection-with-giardia-lamblia-assemblages-a-and-b-in-children-attending-day-care-centres
#13
R Pijnacker, L Mughini-Gras, M Heusinkveld, J Roelfsema, W van Pelt, T Kortbeek
Giardia lamblia is a major cause of diarrhoea in children, especially those attending day-care centres (DCCs). Only Giardia assemblages A and B infect humans. Given the lack of assemblage-specific epidemiological data, we aimed to identify risk factors for infection by assemblages A and B in DCC attendees. During 2010-2013, 5,015 faecal samples from ≤4-year-old children attending 40 DCCs participating in laboratory surveillance in the Netherlands were tested for Giardia using RT-PCR. Giardia-positive samples were typed for identification of assemblages A and B...
September 6, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580878/exposure-factor-considerations-for-safety-evaluation-of-modern-disposable-diapers
#14
Swatee Dey, Mike Purdon, Taryn Kirsch, HansMartin Helbich, Kenny Kerr, Lijuan Li, Shaoying Zhou
Modern disposable diapers are complex products and ubiquitous globally. A robust safety assessment for disposable diapers include two important exposure parameters, i) frequency of diaper use & ii) constituent transfer from diaper to skin from direct and indirect skin contact materials. This article uses published information and original studies to quantify the exposure parameters for diapers. Using growth tables for the first three years of diapered life, an average body weight of 10-11 kg can be calculated, with a 10th percentile for females (8...
November 2016: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536621/is-taking-an-antiplatelet-agent-a-contraindication-for-early-surgery-in-displaced-femur-neck-fracture
#15
Hyun-Seung Yoo, Young-Ho Cho, Young-Soo Byun, Min-Guek Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether we have to stop the antiplatelet agents prior to hemiarthroplasty surgery in patients with displaced femur neck fractures to reduce postoperative complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled forty-three patients with displaced femur neck fractures who were treated by bipolar hemiarthroplasty and were taking antiplatelet agents. Group I included 21 patients who discontinued antiplatelet agents and had delayed operations at an average 5...
September 2015: Hip & Pelvis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527845/reassuringly-low-carriage-of-enteropathogens-among-healthy-swedish-children-in-day-care-centres
#16
J Kaarme, R A Hickman, T Nevéus, J Blomberg, C Öhrmalm
OBJECTIVES: Infectious gastroenteritis is one of the most common diseases among children and has a considerable impact on health and socio-economy. Day care centres are high-risk environments for infections. The aim of this study was to investigate if asymptomatic preschool children constitute a reservoir for potential enteropathogens. STUDY DESIGN: In total, 438 individual diapers were collected from day care centres in Uppsala, Sweden, during spring and autumn, and molecular techniques were used to estimate the prevalence of asymptomatic carriage of multiple enteropathogens...
November 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497519/fatty-acid-status-and-antioxidant-defense-system-in-mothers-and-their-newborns-after-salmon-intake-during-late-pregnancy
#17
Cruz E Garcia-Rodriguez, Josune Olza, Maria D Mesa, Concepcion M Aguilera, Elizabeth A Miles, Paul S Noakes, Maria Vlachava, Lefkothea-Stella Kremmyda, Norma D Diaper, Keith M Godfrey, Philip C Calder, Angel Gil
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to assess the maternal and newborn status of erythrocyte fatty acids and the antioxidant defense system after the intake of two portions of salmon per week during late pregnancy. METHODS: Pregnant women (N = 123) were randomly assigned to continue their habitual diet, which was low in oily fish (control group, n = 61) or to consume two 150-g salmon portions per week (salmon group, n = 62) beginning at 20 wk of gestation and lasting until delivery...
January 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490728/accidental-burn-by-intentional-laxative-use
#18
Sabrina MacDuff, Joanne Sun, Derek E Bell, Christoper W Lentz, Steven A Kahn
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to present a case report and review the relevant literature on laxative-induced dermatitis being mistaken for scald injury and child abuse. CASE: A 33-month-old girl presented with partial thickness burn to the buttocks and perineum, which were suspected to be caused by child abuse. On further investigation, the parents had been administering large doses of laxatives to the child for chronic constipation. DISCUSSION: Child abuse by burning has characteristic physical examination findings, which differ from the pattern of laxative-induced dermatitis that has been reported in the literature...
August 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478628/efficacy-of-traditional-medicine-product-henna-and-hydrocortisone-on-diaper-dermatitis-in-infants
#19
Abdollah Keshavarz, Ali Akbar Zeinaloo, Manoochehr Mahram, Navid Mohammadi, Omid Sadeghpour, Mohammad Reza Maleki
BACKGROUND: Diaper dermatitis (DD) is a common inflammatory disorder in infants, including newborns. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare the effects of a traditional medicine product (containing natural henna oil 25%) and hydrocortisone 1% cream on DD in infants. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a triple-blind, randomized trial, 82 children aged two years or less were randomly divided into two groups of 41 children each to receive either hydrocortisone ointment or henna medicinal product...
May 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476583/development-of-a-pipeline-for-exploratory-metabolic-profiling-of-infant-urine
#20
Frances Jackson, Nancy Georgakopoulou, Manuja Kaluarachchi, Michael Kyriakides, Nicholas Andreas, Natalia Przysiezna, Matthew J Hyde, Neena Modi, Jeremy K Nicholson, Anisha Wijeyesekera, Elaine Holmes
Numerous metabolic profiling pipelines have been developed to characterize the composition of human biofluids and tissues, the vast majority of these being for studies in adults. To accommodate limited sample volume and to take into account the compositional differences between adult and infant biofluids, we developed and optimized sample handling and analytical procedures for studying urine from newborns. A robust pipeline for metabolic profiling using NMR spectroscopy was established, encompassing sample collection, preparation, spectroscopic measurement, and computational analysis...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Proteome Research
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