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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143471/ethnic-differences-in-stratum-corneum-functions-between-chinese-and-thai-infants-residing-in-bangkok-thailand
#1
Tsutomu Fujimura, Yuki Miyauchi, Kyoko Shima, Mitsuyuki Hotta, Hisashi Tsujimura, Takashi Kitahara, Yoshinori Takema, Pakhawadee Palungwachira, Diane Laohathai, Jetchawa Chanthothai, Thamthiwat Nararatwanchai
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Ethnic and racial differences in infant skin have not been well characterized. The purpose of this study was to establish whether there are ethnic differences and similarities in the stratum corneum (SC) functions of Thai and Chinese infants. METHODS: Healthy infants 6 to 24 months of age (N = 60; 30 Thai, 30 Chinese) who resided in Bangkok, Thailand, were enrolled. Transepidermal water loss (TEWL) and SC hydration (capacitance) on the thigh, buttock, and upper arm were measured...
November 15, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102866/concentrations-of-trace-metals-phthalates-bisphenol-a-and-flame-retardants-in-toys-and-other-children-s-products-in-israel
#2
Maya Negev, Tamar Berman, Shay Reicher, Maya Sadeh, Ruti Ardi, Yaniv Shammai
Trace metals and synthetic chemicals including phthalates, bisphenol A and flame retardants, are widely used in toys and childcare products, and may pose acute or chronic adverse health effects in children. In Israel, certain chemicals are regulated in childcare products, but there are still regulatory gaps. We tested regulated and unregulated contaminants in 174 item parts from 70 childcare items with potentially high oral or dermal exposure, including 22 children's jewelry items, 14 toys, 7 diaper-changing mats, 6 baby mattresses, 7 baby textiles and 14 feeding and bathing items...
November 2, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082357/examining-material-hardship-in-mothers-associations-of-diaper-need-and-food-insufficiency-with-maternal-depressive-symptoms
#3
Anna E Austin, Megan V Smith
Objectives: Material hardship represents a potential mechanism by which poverty influences the mental health of mothers. This study examined the association between two forms of material hardship, diaper need and food insufficiency, and maternal depressive symptoms. Methods: Data were from a cross-sectional study of 296 urban, pregnant or parenting, low-income women. A linear regression model was used to examine the association of maternal depressive symptoms, measured by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) score, with diaper need and food insufficiency, after adjustment for demographic factors...
2017: Health Equity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065860/assessment-of-haemostasis-in-patients-undergoing-emergent-neurosurgery-by-rotational-elastometry-and-standard-coagulation-tests-a-prospective-observational-study
#4
Christoph Ellenberger, Najia Garofano, Gleicy Barcelos, John Diaper, Gordana Pavlovic, Marc Licker
BACKGROUND: Rotational elastometry (ROTEM) has been shown useful to monitor coagulation in trauma patients and in major elective surgery. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the utility of ROTEM to identify hemostatic disturbances and to predict the need for transfusion, compared with standard coagulation tests (SCTs) in patients undergoing emergent neurosurgery. METHODS: Over a four-year period, adult patients who met criteria for emergent neurosurgery lasting more than 90 min were included in the study...
October 24, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065646/design-and-fabrication-of-smart-diapers-with-antibacterial-yarn
#5
Jia-Horng Lin, Bing-Chiuan Shiu, Ching-Wen Lou, Yuan-Jen Chang
In this study, intelligent eco-diapers are made by combining antibacterial yarns coated with quaternary ammonium salts with conductive yarns to improve caretaking for urinary incontinence. The combination of conductive yarns and sensors can detect the moisture content in eco-diapers, and an alarm is sent when moisture is significant. A wireless module is used to send detected signals to a smartphone or tablet PC via the Internet. This concept is used for a scenario in which nurses do not randomly check on patients in a long-term care institution...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061869/infection-prevention-and-control-in-pediatric-ambulatory-settings
#6
REVIEW
Mobeen H Rathore, Mary Anne Jackson
Since the American Academy of Pediatrics published its statement titled "Infection Prevention and Control in Pediatric Ambulatory Settings" in 2007, there have been significant changes that prompted this updated statement. Infection prevention and control is an integral part of pediatric practice in ambulatory medical settings as well as in hospitals. Infection prevention and control practices should begin at the time the ambulatory visit is scheduled. All health care personnel should be educated regarding the routes of transmission and techniques used to prevent the transmission of infectious agents...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059841/stability-of-colorimetric-results-in-the-detection-of-urine-biomarkers-using-a-paper-based-analytical-device
#7
Ana Raquel Bertao, Tao Dong
Urinalysis allows obtaining information about many of the body's functions. Normally, urine is a very easily collected specimen, but in some cases, it can be an uncomfortable process. Moreover, standard methods such as microscopic examination or urine culturing represent time-consuming procedures. In this regard, this work explores the design of a device that combines disposable diapers, as a platform for sample collection, with part of the dipsticks method. Even though this is a desirable combination for a faster and comfortable approach, it is also convenient to extend the prescribed time, provided by the dipstick manufacturer, to read the results...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059840/design-of-a-microfluidic-paper-based-device-for-analysis-of-biomarkers-from-urine-samples-on-diapers
#8
Adriana Couto, Tao Dong
Among all infections, urinary tract infections (UTI) are one of the most common. Nowadays the procedures to analyze urine and consequently detect UTI are often painful and time-consuming. Recent studies about microfluidic paper-based devices have developed the interest of researchers due their outstanding characteristics. In this paper is presented a novel design for a microfluidic paper-based device for screening and analysis of multiple biomarkers from urine samples on diapers. The device consists on a set of eight layers...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054835/a-strategy-to-reduce-critical-cardiorespiratory-alarms-due-to-intermittent-enteral-feeding-of-preterm-neonates-in-intensive-care
#9
Rohan Joshi, Carola van Pul, Anouk Sanders, Hans Weda, Jan Willem Bikker, Loe Feijs, Peter Andriessen
BACKGROUND: Many preterm infants require enteral feeding as they cannot coordinate sucking, swallowing, and breathing. In enteral feeding, milk feeds are delivered through a small feeding tube passed via the nose or mouth into the stomach. Intermittent milk feeds may either be administered using a syringe to gently push milk into the infant's stomach (push feed) or milk can be poured into a syringe attached to the tube and allowed to drip in by gravity (gravity feed). This practice of enteral feeding is common in neonatal intensive care units...
October 20, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050653/policy-impact-of-research-findings-on-the-association-of-diaper-need-and-mental-health
#10
Lori R Wallace, Alison M Weir, Megan V Smith
BACKGROUND: Maternal mental illness constitutes one of most significant public health problems facing women of reproductive age and their children. Women who mother in poverty experience additional stressors, pointing to the need for innovative public health promotion efforts to reduce mental illness. Simple innovations, like making diapers more available and affordable, may represent an effective method of addressing this problem. This paper describes the research findings on diaper need reported by the New Haven Mental Health Outreach for Mothers Partnership and the process of translating these findings into broader policy and advocacy efforts...
October 17, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045260/encopresis-plus
#11
DePorres Cormier, Marie Reilly, Amy Young, Marilyn Augustyn
Dexter is a 12-year-old boy who presents with his maternal grandmother for follow-up to primary care for secondary encopresis. Dexter presented, 18 months ago, with a 3-month history of secondary encopresis. At that time, a comprehensive assessment revealed functional constipation resulting in encopresis. Dexter's symptoms resolved with a combination of medication management and behavioral strategies; laxatives were discontinued 12 months ago.Dexter's grandmother reports that for the past 6 months, her grandson developed encopresis once again...
November 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028453/a-qualitative-exploration-of-adult-baby-diaper-lover-behavior-from-an-online-community-sample
#12
Brian D Zamboni
This study examined qualitative data on 1,795 male, 139 female, and 78 transgender members of the adult baby/diaper lover (ABDL) online community. Using grounded theory, the analyses examined a description of ABDL practices, explored evidence of subgroups within the ABDL community, and examined the degree to which ABDL behavior involves sexual motivations. Overall, the data suggest there is a fair amount of diversity within the ABDL community. Most participants enjoy wearing diapers or engaging in age regression (as babies or children), and the importance of incontinence may vary...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992666/-an-increase-in-cases-of-bladder-tamponade-due-to-cystitis-among-elderly-women-and-clinical-background-factors
#13
Kazunari Tsuchihashi, Yuki Makino, Masahiro Emura, Kazutaka Kida, Yosuke Shimizu, Sojun Kanamaru, Ryo Iguchi, Tetsuya Noguchi, Miharu Sasaki, Noriyuki Ito
Bladder tamponade is thought to be caused mainly by bladder cancer or radiation cystitis. However, in women, it may often be caused by cystitis in clinical settings. This has not been noted in previous reports of bladder tamponade in Japan. Thus, we retrospectively analyzed the clinical features of 83 male and 41 female patients with bladder tamponade. Seventy-four patients were treated at Nishi-Kobe Medical Center between April 2005 and March 2015, and 50 were treated at Shizuoka City Shizuoka Hospital between November 2008 and March 2015...
September 2017: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986935/diagnosis-and-management-of-diaper-dermatitis-in-infants-with-emphasis-on-skin-microbiota-in-the-diaper-area
#14
REVIEW
Maja Šikić Pogačar, Uroš Maver, Nataša Marčun Varda, Dušanka Mičetić-Turk
Diaper dermatitis is the most common inflammatory skin eruption within the diaper area in infants and toddlers. Although it rarely causes problems for prolonged periods of time, it causes considerable distress for both infants and parents. Diapered skin is exposed to friction, excessive hydration, varying pH, and is in constant contact with urine and feces, both of which are highly irritant to the skin. The three most common types of diaper dermatitis include chaffing dermatitis, irritant contact dermatitis, and diaper candidiasis...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983938/effects-of-moisturizing-skincare-on-skin-barrier-function-and-the-prevention-of-skin-problems-in-3-month-old-infants-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Kaori Yonezawa, Megumi Haruna, Masayo Matsuzaki, Mie Shiraishi, Reiji Kojima
An effective newborn skincare protocol has not been established. We aimed to evaluate the effects of moisturizing skincare, including using lotion and reducing routine bathing. Our hypothesis was that moisturizing skincare would improve skin barrier function. This randomized controlled trial included 227 healthy Asian newborns between 1 week and 3 months old. We compared moisturizing skincare (bathing every 2 days and using lotion daily; intervention, n = 113) to daily bathing without lotion (control, n = 114)...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982663/hand-foot-mouth-disease-mimicking-diaper-dermatitis
#16
Iria Neri, Andrea Sechi, Miriam Leuzzi, Marco Adriano Chessa, Annalucia Virdi, Annalisa Patrizi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970070/characteristics-of-subgroups-in-the-adult-baby-diaper-lover-community
#17
Brian D Zamboni
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of research on adult baby/diaper lover (ABDL) behavior, particularly from community samples. Prior studies have not examined differences between the AB and DL subgroups in the ABDL community. AIM: To explore whether endorsements of AB role-play enjoyment and ratings of sexual enjoyment during ABDL activity were related to parenting and attachment variables, negative mood states, and reported problems with ABDL and to explore differences by relationship status and by sexual orientation...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956152/which-factors-are-independent-predictors-of-early-recovery-of-mobility-in-the-older-adults-population-after-hip-fracture-a-cohort-prognostic-study
#18
Mattia Morri, Cristiana Forni, Maura Marchioni, Elena Bonetti, Francesca Marseglia, Andrea Cotti
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to identify all factors that might influence the short-term recovery of mobility in older adults' patients after hip surgery. METHODS: A prospective cohort prognostic study was carried out. The study enrolled all consecutive patients aged 65 years or over admitted for hip fracture due to fragility. Patients were monitored from their admission into the emergency department of the hospital, until their discharge. The level of mobility was measured by the ILOA scale, administered during the 6th day of hospitalisation...
September 27, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952333/screen-exposure-during-daily-routines-and-a-young-child-s-risk-for-having-social-emotional-delay
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Sajani Raman, Sara Guerrero-Duby, Jennifer L McCullough, Miraides Brown, Sarah Ostrowski-Delahanty, Diane Langkamp, John C Duby
This cross-sectional study assessed associations between social-emotional development in young children and their number of daily routines involving an electronic screen. We hypothesized children with poor social-emotional development have a significant portion of daily routines occurring with a screen. Two hundred and ten female caregivers of typically developing children 12 to 36 months old completed the Ages and Stages Questionnaire: Social-Emotional (ASQ: SE) and a media diary. Caregivers completed the diary for 1 day around 10 daily routines (Waking Up, Diapering/Toileting, Dressing, Breakfast, Lunch, Naptime, Playtime, Dinner, Bath, and Bedtime)...
November 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951694/efficacy-of-topical-coriandrum-sativum-extract-on-treatment-of-infants-with-diaper-dermatitis-a-single-blinded-non-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Ladan Dastgheib, Narjes Pishva, Nasrin Saki, Soghra Khabnadideh, Bahareh Kardeh, Fatemeh Torabi, Shahram Arabnia, Alireza Heiran
Diaper dermatitis is a common disorder. Coriandrum sativum is a herbal remedy with anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-microbial and anti-oxidant activities effects. In this non randomised clinical trial which was performed on 58 infants with diaper dermatitis referred to Faghihi Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, the efficacy and safety of topical Coriandrum extract cream is compared with hydrocortisone ointment. Coriandrum sativum extract cream was administered for 37 (intervention group) and hydrocortisone 1% ointment for 21 (control group) patients...
August 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
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