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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766170/design-of-a-wearable-device-for-real-time-screening-of-urinary-tract-infection-and-kidney-disease-based-on-smartphone
#1
Jianyu Zhou, Tao Dong
In this study, we developed a novel wearable and low-cost device for qualitative screening of glucose (GLU), leukocytes (LEU), and nitrite (NIT) and for semi-quantitative analysis of blood (BLD) and proteins (PRO) in the urine samples. The device can be attached to a diaper, and the results can be read by an app. The main functions of the device can be divided into sample collection, valve closing, and pad saturation; the recorded times for valve closing and pad saturation at four corners and pad saturation at the central parts are pseudo-medians (Hodges-Lehmann estimator) of 3...
May 16, 2018: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746360/laxative-induced-contact-dermatitis
#2
Jennifer E Melvin, Robert W Hickey
A 5-year-old female with Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy and a history of constipation presented to the emergency department with a new blistering buttocks rash, which was initially concerning for nonaccidental burn. Upon further investigation, it was found that Ex-Lax had been given to the patient for constipation. This had resulted in a bowel movement, which led to an irritant dermatitis. The patient was eventually diagnosed with senna-induced erosive diaper dermatitis. This case report highlights the importance of a thorough history and physical examination to prevent an unnecessary child abuse work-up...
May 9, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744262/risk-factors-of-fecal-colonization-with-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-special-nursing-homes-in-japan
#3
Kumi Yokoyama, Yuki Uehara, Takashi Sasaki, Keiichi Hiramatsu
Objective: Japanese welfare facilities for the elderly are called as special nursing home (SNH), providing conventional-type with group care or unit-type with individual care. We investigated the risk factors of fecal colonization with extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) of elderly who required care at SNH in Japan. Methods: The feces discharged on diaper were obtained from the total of 100 residents with fecal incontinence in 9 SNHs located in Tokyo, Japan...
May 2018: Journal of General and Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742190/a-natural-cream-to-powder-formulation-developed-for-the-prevention-of-diaper-dermatitis-in-diaper-wearing-infants-and-children-barrier-property-and-in-use-tolerance-studies
#4
Hemali B Gunt, Stanley B Levy, Celeste A Lutrario
INTRODUCTION: Diaper dermatitis is a common condition that develops in the diaper area due to factors such as elevated moisture, increased skin surface pH, and exposure to irritants from urine and feces. These factors suggest interventions to prevent or treat diaper dermatitis such as exposing the skin to air, frequent diaper changes, and thorough cleansing of the diaper area. Barrier creams and powders also have a role in preventing and treating diaper dermatitis. We developed a cream-to-powder product with a formula based on corn starch and other natural ingredients for use in the diaper area...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739483/risk-factors-for-sporadic-giardia-infection-in-the-usa-a-case-control-study-in-colorado-and-minnesota
#5
H E Reses, J W Gargano, J L Liang, A Cronquist, K Smith, S A Collier, S L Roy, J Vanden Eng, A Bogard, B Lee, M C Hlavsa, E S Rosenberg, K E Fullerton, M J Beach, J S Yoder
Giardia duodenalis is the most common intestinal parasite of humans in the USA, but the risk factors for sporadic (non-outbreak) giardiasis are not well described. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Colorado and Minnesota public health departments conducted a case-control study to assess risk factors for sporadic giardiasis in the USA. Cases (N = 199) were patients with non-outbreak-associated laboratory-confirmed Giardia infection in Colorado and Minnesota, and controls (N = 381) were matched by age and site...
May 9, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721013/changes-in-hepatic-blood-flow-and-liver-function-during-closed-abdominal-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-following-cytoreduction-surgery
#6
Stéphanie Dupont, Eduardo R C Schiffer, Marion J White, John R A Diaper, Marc-Joseph Licker, Philippe C Masouyé
Background: The increase in intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) during closed abdominal hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) leads to major haemodynamic changes and potential organ dysfunction. We investigated these effects on hepatic blood flow (HBF) and liver function in patients undergoing HIPEC following cytoreductive surgery and fluid management guided by dynamic preload indices. Methods: In this prospective observational clinical study including 15 consecutive patients, we evaluated HBF by transesophageal echocardiography and liver function by determination of the indocyanine green plasma disappearance rate (ICG-PDR)...
2018: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708771/serratia-marcescens-colonization-causing-pink-breast-milk-and-pink-diapers-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
Laura Quinn, Melody Ailsworth, Elizabeth Matthews, Ann Kellams, Debbie-Ann Shirley
INTRODUCTION: Serratia marcescens is an opportunistic pathogen and common cause of infectious outbreaks in pediatric units, leading to both significant morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised hosts. Environmental and some clinical strains may produce a characteristic red pigment, prodigiosin. Colonization can hence turn breast milk and fecally-soiled diapers pink, which can lead otherwise unaffected patients to present to their physicians and also interrupt breastfeeding. No clear guidance exists regarding the outpatient management of breastfeeding mothers and infants colonized with S...
April 30, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707839/fabric-organic-electrochemical-transistors-for-biosensors
#8
Anneng Yang, Yuanzhe Li, Chenxiao Yang, Ying Fu, Naixiang Wang, Li Li, Feng Yan
Flexible fabric biosensors can find promising applications in wearable electronics. However, high-performance fabric biosensors have been rarely reported due to many special requirements in device fabrication. Here, the preparation of organic electrochemical transistors (OECTs) on Nylon fibers is reported. By introducing metal/conductive polymer multilayer electrodes on the fibers, the OECTs show very stable performance during bending tests. The devices with functionalized gates are successfully used as various biosensors with high sensitivity and selectivity...
April 30, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706912/the-diaper-change-play-validation-of-a-new-observational-assessment-tool-for-early-triadic-family-interactions-in-the-first-month-postpartum
#9
Jérôme Rime, Hervé Tissot, Nicolas Favez, Michael Watson, Werner Stadlmayr
The quality of family relations, observed during mother-father-infant triadic interactions, has been shown to be an important contributor to child social and affective development, beyond the quality of dyadic mother-child, father-child, and marital relationships. Triadic interactions have been well described in families with 3 month olds and older children using the Lausanne Trilogue Play (LTP). Little is known about the development of mother-father-baby interactions in the very 1st weeks postpartum, mostly because no specific observational setting or particular instrument had been designed to cover this age yet...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676853/miniaturized-matrix-solid-phase-dispersion-coupled-with-supramolecular-solvent-based-microextraction-for-the-determination-of-paraben-preservatives-in-cream-samples
#10
Elif Yıldız, Hasan Çabuk
An analytical method is presented for the determination of paraben preservatives in semi-solid cream samples by matrix solid-phase dispersion combined with supramolecular solvent-based microextraction. Due to the oily and sticky nature of the sample matrix, parabens were first extracted from the samples by matrix solid-phase dispersion using silica as sorbent material with a clean-up performed with tetrahydrofuran in the elution step. The eluate (500 μL), 1-decanol (120 μL) and water (4.4 mL) were then mixed in a polyethylene pipette to form supramolecular solvent...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661303/super-water-absorbing-polymeric-gel-from-chitosan-citric-acid-and-urea-synthesis-and-mechanism-of-water-absorption
#11
Abathodharanan Narayanan, Ravishankar Kartik, Elanchezhian Sangeetha, Raghavachari Dhamodharan
A new superabsorbent with maximum water absorption capacity of ∼1250 g/g is prepared by hydrothermal synthesis from sustainable and biodegradable resources such as chitosan, citric acid and urea (denoted as 'CHCAUR'). CHCAUR is characterized extensively by various analytical techniques such as PXRD, SSNMR, FTIR, and TGA. Pure and saline water absorption study showed that CHCAUR could be a better adsorbent compared to the super absorbent polymer (SAP) used in commercial diaper material. The mechanism of water absorption is shown to arise out of a combination of electrostatic attraction of water to the ionic crosslinks and the presence of macropores as well as undulated surface due to the formation of nanofibrous bundles...
July 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610180/blue-diaper-syndrome-and-pcsk1-mutations
#12
Felix Distelmaier, Diran Herebian, Claudia Atasever, Stefanie Beck-Woedl, Ertan Mayatepek, Tim M Strom, Tobias B Haack
Blue diaper syndrome (BDS) (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man number 211000) is an extremely rare disorder that was first described in 1964. The characteristic finding is a bluish discoloration of urine spots in the diapers of affected infants. Additional clinical features of the first described patients included diarrhea, inadequate weight gain, hypercalcemia, and nephrocalcinosis. An intestinal defect of tryptophan absorption was postulated as the underlying pathology. However, functional evidence for this theory is lacking...
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596733/skin-barrier-in-the-neonate
#13
Alain Taïeb
The purpose of this review is to focus on determinants of skin barrier function in neonates at molecular and cellular levels. The skin barrier is critical in terms of water and gas exchanges during fetal life and undergoes rapid changes at birth, followed by a progressive maturation. Consequences of skin barrier disruption can be extremely detrimental or lethal, as shown in severe genetic epidermal defects. In this context, the fine-tuned rapid adaptation from a liquid to a gaseous milieu is not fully understood...
March 2018: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596731/prevention-and-treatment-of-diaper-dermatitis
#14
Ulrike Blume-Peytavi, Varvara Kanti
Diaper dermatitis (DD) is one of the most common skin conditions that infants suffer from and their caregivers manage in the first months post-birth. As such, questions of effective prevention and treatment of the condition often arise. Nonmedical skincare practices that support healthy skin barrier function can prevent DD manifestation or alleviate the condition in many cases. The usage of barrier emollients and improved diaper technology contributes to keeping moisture and irritants away from an infant's delicate skin...
March 2018: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596730/differential-diagnoses-of-diaper-dermatitis
#15
Regina Fölster-Holst
Diaper dermatitis is the most common contact eczema present in early childhood. The main cause is an irritant reaction to urine and feces, which is facilitated by the occlusive conditions under the diaper, leading to hyperhydration of the stratum corneum (diaper dermatitis). In addition, diaper pressure and friction can increase the risk of skin inflammation, which also opens the skin up to other irritant agents, allergens, and infectious agents, such as candida albicans. However, a variety of diseases are associated with inflammation of the skin in the diaper region, therefore the term "diaper dermatitis" is merely descriptive and does not reflect anything about the etiopathogenesis...
March 2018: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564853/-self-supporting-care-model-for-older-adults
#16
Yen-Chun Lin, Lian-Hua Huang
Self-supporting care is an emerging concept in the geriatric care system of Taiwan. The traditional care model tends to prioritize aspects such as "safety" and "convenient and effective". For older adult patients, this situation has led to excessive restrictions, enforced bedrest, and the use of adult diapers, which seriously deteriorate quality of life. The present article introduces the development and current status of self-supporting care and international empirical research results from the perspective of holistic care for older adults as well as describes the intervention strategies that are currently used in Taiwan...
April 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559490/intertrigo-of-streptococcal-aetiology-a-different-kind-of-diaper-dermatitis
#17
Susana Castilho, Sofia Ferreira, Fabiana Fortunato, Sara Santos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525580/paraphilic-infantilism-diaperism-and-pedophilia-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Sunil M Doshi, Kalpesh Zanzrukiya, Lavlesh Kumar
Paraphilic disorders range from nearly normal behaviour to a behaviour which may be considered as destructive or menacing to the society at large. In accordance with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-V, the terms Paraphilia and Paraphilic disorders, denote different interpretations. Multiple paraphilias connected to childhood either directly or indirectly has been documented in scientific literature. Paraphilic Infantilism, Diaperism and Pedophilia constitute major portion among them. Paraphilic infantilism denotes paraphilic desire of being a baby...
May 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519539/autonomic-dysfunction-in-neonates-with-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy-undergoing-therapeutic-hypothermia-impairs-physiological-responses-to-routine-care-events
#19
Heather Campbell, Rathinaswamy B Govindan, Srinivas Kota, Tareq Al-Shargabi, Marina Metzler, Nickie Andescavage, Taeun Chang, Gilbert Vezina, Adre du Plessis, An N Massaro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy and evidence of autonomic dysfunction have aberrant physiological responses to care events that could contribute to evolving brain injury. STUDY DESIGN: Continuous tracings of heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP), cerebral near infrared spectroscopy, and video electroencephalogram data were recorded from newborn infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy who were treated with hypothermia...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493857/association-between-dehydration-on-admission-and-postoperative-complications-in-older-persons-undergoing-orthopaedic-surgery
#20
Helen Y L Chan, Anthony Cheng, Susana S S Cheung, Wai-Wah Pang, Wai-Yiu Ma, Long-Chau Mok, Wai-Kuen Wong, Diana T F Lee
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence of dehydration upon hospital admission and its association with postoperative complications in older persons undergoing orthopaedic surgery. BACKGROUND: Ageing-related physiological and pathological changes, as well as suboptimal care quality, can render older persons vulnerable to dehydration. However, few empirical studies have been conducted to examine the association between dehydration and care outcomes in this population...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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