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Tacrolimus and prograf and MMF

Tracey Jones-Hughes, Tristan Snowsill, Marcela Haasova, Helen Coelho, Louise Crathorne, Chris Cooper, Ruben Mujica-Mota, Jaime Peters, Jo Varley-Campbell, Nicola Huxley, Jason Moore, Matt Allwood, Jenny Lowe, Chris Hyde, Martin Hoyle, Mary Bond, Rob Anderson
BACKGROUND: End-stage renal disease is a long-term irreversible decline in kidney function requiring renal replacement therapy: kidney transplantation, haemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis. The preferred option is kidney transplantation, followed by immunosuppressive therapy (induction and maintenance therapy) to reduce the risk of kidney rejection and prolong graft survival. OBJECTIVES: To review and update the evidence for the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of basiliximab (BAS) (Simulect(®), Novartis Pharmaceuticals UK Ltd) and rabbit anti-human thymocyte immunoglobulin (rATG) (Thymoglobulin(®), Sanofi) as induction therapy, and immediate-release tacrolimus (TAC) (Adoport(®), Sandoz; Capexion(®), Mylan; Modigraf(®), Astellas Pharma; Perixis(®), Accord Healthcare; Prograf(®), Astellas Pharma; Tacni(®), Teva; Vivadex(®), Dexcel Pharma), prolonged-release tacrolimus (Advagraf(®) Astellas Pharma), belatacept (BEL) (Nulojix(®), Bristol-Myers Squibb), mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) (Arzip(®), Zentiva; CellCept(®), Roche Products; Myfenax(®), Teva), mycophenolate sodium (MPS) (Myfortic(®), Novartis Pharmaceuticals UK Ltd), sirolimus (SRL) (Rapamune(®), Pfizer) and everolimus (EVL) (Certican(®), Novartis) as maintenance therapy in adult renal transplantation...
August 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Marcela Haasova, Tristan Snowsill, Tracey Jones-Hughes, Louise Crathorne, Chris Cooper, Jo Varley-Campbell, Ruben Mujica-Mota, Helen Coelho, Nicola Huxley, Jenny Lowe, Jan Dudley, Stephen Marks, Chris Hyde, Mary Bond, Rob Anderson
BACKGROUND: End-stage renal disease is a long-term irreversible decline in kidney function requiring kidney transplantation, haemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis. The preferred option is kidney transplantation followed by induction and maintenance immunosuppressive therapy to reduce the risk of kidney rejection and prolong graft survival. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review and update the evidence for the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of basiliximab (BAS) (Simulect,(®) Novartis Pharmaceuticals) and rabbit antihuman thymocyte immunoglobulin (Thymoglobuline,(®) Sanofi) as induction therapy and immediate-release tacrolimus [Adoport(®) (Sandoz); Capexion(®) (Mylan); Modigraf(®) (Astellas Pharma); Perixis(®) (Accord Healthcare); Prograf(®) (Astellas Pharma); Tacni(®) (Teva); Vivadex(®) (Dexcel Pharma)], prolonged-release tacrolimus (Advagraf,(®) Astellas Pharma); belatacept (BEL) (Nulojix,(®) Bristol-Myers Squibb), mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) [Arzip(®) (Zentiva), CellCept(®) (Roche Products), Myfenax(®) (Teva), generic MMF is manufactured by Accord Healthcare, Actavis, Arrow Pharmaceuticals, Dr Reddy's Laboratories, Mylan, Sandoz and Wockhardt], mycophenolate sodium, sirolimus (Rapamune,(®) Pfizer) and everolimus (Certican,(®) Novartis Pharmaceuticals) as maintenance therapy in children and adolescents undergoing renal transplantation...
August 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Hélio Tedesco Silva, Harold C Yang, Herwig-Ulf Meier-Kriesche, Richard Croy, John Holman, William E Fitzsimmons, M Roy First
BACKGROUND: In a phase III, open-label, comparative, noninferiority study, 638 subjects receiving de novo kidney transplants were randomized to one of three treatment arms: tacrolimus extended-release (Astagraf XL) qd, tacrolimus (Prograf) bid, or cyclosporine (CsA) bid. All subjects received basiliximab induction, mycophenolate mofetil, and corticosteroids. Safety and efficacy follow-up data through 4 years are reported. METHODS: Evaluations included patient and graft survival, study drug discontinuations, laboratory values including renal function and development of new-onset diabetes after transplantation, concomitant medications, and adverse events...
March 27, 2014: Transplantation
Weijie Zhang, Dong Chen, Zhishui Chen, Fanjun Zeng, Changsheng Ming, Zhengbin Lin, Ping Zhou, Gang Chen, Xiaoping Chen
Highly sensitized patients experience an increased number of rejection episodes and have poorer graft survival rates; hence, sensitization is a significant barrier to both access to and the success of organ transplantation. This study reports our experience in kidney transplantation in highly sensitized patients. Fourteen patients with sensitization or high levels of panelreactive antibodies (PRA) were studied. All patients were desensitized with pre-transplant intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG)/plasmapheresis (PP) with or without rituximab and thymoglobulin induction therapy, combined with a Prograf/MMF/Pred immunosuppressive regimen...
March 2011: Frontiers of Medicine
V D Garcia, D B M Carvalho, R T Goncalves, R L Cavalcanti, H H Campos, M Abbud-Filho, A A Lobao-Neto
Corticosteroids are a cornerstone of immunosuppressive therapy in renal transplantation despite their side effects and morbidity. Newer immunosuppressive agents may be more effective to allow corticosteroid sparing. An interim analysis of 60 completed out of 100 planned primary kidney transplant recipients is presented. All patients on tacrolimus (Prograf) and MMF (Cellcept) were randomized into two groups following a 1:1 distribution for early steroid reduction at posttransplant day 7 (G1; n = 31) versus to long-term maintenance steroids (G2; n = 29)...
April 2008: Transplantation Proceedings
H T Silva, H C Yang, M Abouljoud, P C Kuo, K Wisemandle, P Bhattacharya, S Dhadda, J Holman, W Fitzsimmons, M Roy First
Once-daily tacrolimus extended-release formulation (Prograf XL, formerly referred to as MR or MR4) was compared with the twice-a-day tacrolimus formulation (TAC) and cyclosporine microemulsion (CsA), all administered in combination with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), corticosteroids and basiliximab induction, in a phase 3, randomized (1:1:1), open-label trial in 638 de novo kidney transplant recipients. In combination with MMF and corticosteroids, XL had an efficacy profile comparable to TAC and CsA. XL/MMF and TAC/MMF were statistically noninferior at 1-year posttransplantation to CsA/MMF for the primary efficacy endpoint, efficacy failure (death, graft loss, biopsy-confirmed acute rejection (BCAR) or lost to follow-up)...
March 2007: American Journal of Transplantation
Zheng-Guo Cao, Ji-Hong Liu, Yu-Ping Zhu, Si-Wei Zhou, Ling Qi, Xiao-Cheng Dong, Bin Wu, Zheng-Bin Lin
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of different immunodepressants on the sperm parameters of kidney transplant recipients. METHODS: In 15 healthy fertile men and 37 kidney transplant recipients, ejaculates were aseptically obtained by masturbation. Thirty-seven patients were divided into two groups, 20 patients were treated with Prograf (FK506) combination with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and prednisone; 17 patients were treated with cyclosporine (CsA) combination with azathioprine with prednisone...
May 2006: Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue, National Journal of Andrology
U Boggi, F Vistoli, M Del Chiaro, S Signori, G Amorese, T Vahadia Bartolo, F Sgambelluri, M Barsotti, C Tregnaghi, G Paleologo, A Coppelli, R Giannarelli, G Rizzo, P Marchetti, F Mosca
BACKGROUND: The preferential use of tacrolimus (Prograf) over cyclosporine microemulsion (Neoral) in simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation (SPKTx) is mainly based on historical, retrospective studies. We herein report the 3-year results of a single-center, prospective, randomized comparison of the two calcineurin inhibitors in the setting of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF)-based immunosuppression and portal drainage of pancreas allografts. METHODS: Between May 2001 and August 2004, 47 SPKTx recipients who were stratified by recipient sex, were alternatively assigned to treatment with Neoral (n = 22) or Prograf (n = 25)...
July 2005: Transplantation Proceedings
Robert Mendez, Thomas Gonwa, Harold C Yang, Samuel Weinstein, Stephen Jensik, Steven Steinberg
BACKGROUND: This is the 1-year report of a randomized, multicenter, clinical trial comparing the combination of sirolimus or mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) with tacrolimus-based immunosuppression in kidney transplantation. METHODS: Prior to transplantation, recipients were randomized to receive tacrolimus plus corticosteroids with either sirolimus (n=185) or MMF (n=176). The incidence of biopsy-confirmed acute rejection at 6 months was the primary endpoint of the study...
August 15, 2005: Transplantation
U Boggi, F Vistoli, M Del Chiaro, C Croce, L Morelli, L Coletti, S Signori, R Giannarelli, P Marchetti, S Del Prato, G Rizzo, F Mosca
BACKGROUND: Although tacrolimus (Prograf) is the calcineurin inhibitor usually employed in simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation (SPKTx), no prospective randomized studies have compared its efficacy to cyclosporine (Neoral), when either drug is used in combination with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and the pancreas is drained into the portal vein. METHODS: Between May 2001 and June 2003, 16 SPKTx recipients were randomized to be prescribed Neoral and 17 Prograf in addition to basiliximab, steroids, and MMF...
May 2004: Transplantation Proceedings
Anne Keogh
The use of calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs; cyclosporine and tacrolimus) has dramatically increased medium-term life expectancy after heart transplantation but has had only limited impact on long-term outcomes for heart transplant recipients. The original oil-based formulation of cyclosporine has been superceded by a microemulsion formulation (Neoral), which has more predictable pharmacokinetics and allows more precise dose-tailoring. Cyclosporine microemulsion and tacrolimus (Prograf) have a similar efficacy in the prevention of acute rejection of heart transplants, but their use is accompanied by nephrotoxicity and by cardiovascular side effects...
May 2004: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Maroun M Abou-Jaoude, Wassim Y Almawi
The efficacy and safety of tacrolimus (FK506; Prograf) were determined in 28 adult kidney transplant patients (20 males and 8 females), aged 18-68 years (mean+/-S.D.: 46.9+/-4.03 years). Induction therapy was ATG-F (n=23), daclizumab (n=3), or none (n=2), and maintenance immunosuppression consisted of tacrolimus, combined with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF; n=26) or azathioprine (AZA; n=2) and prednisone (Pred). In seven patients, cyclosporine A microemulsion (Neoral) was replaced by tacrolimus for acute rejection (AR; three patients), slow graft function (SGF, two patients) and Neoral side effects (two patients)...
July 2003: Molecular Immunology
Thomas Gonwa, Robert Mendez, Harold C Yang, Samuel Weinstein, Stephen Jensik, Steven Steinberg
BACKGROUND: This is the first report of a randomized, multicenter, clinical trial comparing the combination of sirolimus or mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) with tacrolimus-based immunosuppression in kidney transplantation. Results at 6 months of follow-up are presented. METHODS: Before transplantation, patients were randomized to receive tacrolimus plus corticosteroids with sirolimus (n=185) or MMF (n=176). The primary endpoint of the study was the incidence of biopsy-confirmed acute rejection...
April 27, 2003: Transplantation
Herwig-Ulf Meier-Kriesche, Bruce Kaplan
Tacrolimus and cyclosporine in the microemulsion formulation Neoral have demonstrated improvements in acute rejection rates after renal transplantation compared with conventional cyclosporine formulation, Sandimmune. To evaluate whether these drugs are also associated with improvements in chronic allograft failure (CAF) rates, we retrospectively analyzed 32,040 primary renal allograft recipients reported to the United States Renal Data System (USRDS) between 1994 and 1997. Graft loss secondary to CAF was defined as graft loss beyond 6 months post-transplant, censored for death, acute rejection, thrombosis, infections and noncompliance...
January 2002: American Journal of Transplantation
U Boggi, F Vistoli, A Coppelli, P Marchetti, G Rizzo, F Mosca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2001: Transplantation Proceedings
E M Billaud
Perspectives in immunosuppressive drug therapy have changed rapidly in the past few years with the appearance on the market of several new entities. Used for organ transplantation, bone-marrow transplantation and more recently in some auto-immune diseases, the usual classical scheme consisting of corticoids, azathioprine (1970) and cyclosporin (1980), with or without an induction period with antilymphocyte antibodies, has varied little except for the monoclonal antibody OKT3. The considerable evolution due to the introduction of cyclosporin almost twenty years ago has reached its limits...
January 2000: Thérapie
C Johnson, N Ahsan, T Gonwa, P Halloran, M Stegall, M Hardy, R Metzger, C Shield, L Rocher, J Scandling, J Sorensen, L Mulloy, J Light, C Corwin, G Danovitch, M Wachs, P van Veldhuisen, K Salm, D Tolzman, W E Fitzsimmons
BACKGROUND: Our clinical trial was designed to investigate the optimal combination of immunosuppressants for renal transplantation. METHODS: A randomized three-arm, parallel group, open label, prospective study was performed at 15 North American centers to compare three immunosuppressive regimens: tacrolimus + azathioprine (AZA) versus cyclosporine (Neoral) + mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) versus tacrolimus + MMF. All patients were first cadaveric kidney transplants receiving the same maintenance corticosteroid regimen...
March 15, 2000: Transplantation
R W Gruessner, S T Bartlett, G W Burke, P G Stock
As experience with tacrolimus (FK506, Prograf) accumulates and reduced rejection rates are increasingly demonstrated, some transplant centers are adopting tacrolimus-based primary immunosuppressive regimens for their patients undergoing pancreas/kidney transplantation. The guidelines provided in this article based on the experience of four major US transplant centers, cover issues related to dosing, blood levels, concomitant use of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), antifungal and antiviral prophylaxis, and drug interactions...
June 1998: Clinical Transplantation
D E Eckhoff, B M McGuire, L R Frenette, J L Contreras, S L Hudson, J S Bynon
BACKGROUND: Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) prolongs allograft survival in experimental animals, prevents acute rejection in humans, and has recently been approved for use in renal transplantation in combination with cyclosporine. Tacrolimus (Prograf) has been shown to be effective for the prevention and treatment of allograft rejection in liver transplantation. However, there has been limited experience with the combination of tacrolimus and MMF in liver transplantation. METHODS: This retrospective pilot study examined the results in 130 primary, consecutive, adult liver transplants under two separate immunosuppressive protocols...
January 27, 1998: Transplantation
Y F Vanrenterghem
Several new immunosuppressive agents have recently been launched for clinical use after kidney transplantation. FK506 or tacrolimus (Prograf) has been tested as an alternative for cyclosporine A (CsA). Both tacrolimus and CsA interfere with the early stage of lymphocyte proliferation by blocking interleukin-2 synthesis. Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) (Cell-Cept) blocks the de novo synthesis of guanine nucleotides, the pathway essential for purine synthesis in dividing T- and B-lymphocytes, and has been used in conjunction with CsA and corticosteroids...
December 1997: Kidney International. Supplement
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