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Kidney microrna

Y-F Huang, Y Zhang, C-X Liu, J Huang, G-H Ding
OBJECTIVE: Hyperglycemia induces apoptosis of renal tubular epithelial cells and contributes to tubular injury in diabetic nephropathy. Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is known to protect against diabetic kidney injury. However, the mechanism for the dysregulation of ACE2 expression in diabetic nephropathy is unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bioinformatic analysis and luciferase reporter assay were done to identify ACE2-targeting microRNAs. Gain- and loss-of-function experiments were performed to determine the biological roles of the ACE2-targeting microRNAs in high glucose-induced damage to renal tubular epithelial cells...
October 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Zhengyu Shen, Chenping Zhang, Zengtong Zhou, Wei Liu, Linjun Shi, Xuemin Shen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential role of interleukin (IL)-17A and its targeting microRNAs (miRNAs) in oral lichen planus (OLP). STUDY DESIGN: We compared the IL-17A expression levels in biopsies from patients with OLP (n = 50) against normal controls (n = 19) by using reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and Western blot analyses, identified the targeting miRNAs of IL-17A, and examined the miRNA expression levels in OLP...
November 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Aydın Güçlü, Cengiz Koçak, Fatma Emel Koçak, Raziye Akçılar, Yavuz Dodurga, Aydın Akçılar, Mücahit Seçme
AIM: MicroRNAs (miR) are important diagnostic and treatment targets due to their different tissue expressions and their central position in the regulation of gene expressions. miR studies might pioneer emerging of new diagnostic tools and treatment goals in kidney diseases. Captopril (CAP) and telmisartan (TEL) were shown to be effective in ischemia reperfusion (IR) injury. There is not any study about the effect of TEL and CAP over miR-21-320-146a. Our aim was to study the effects of CAP and TEL over miR on renal IR model...
October 19, 2016: Renal Failure
Eva Pazourkova, Sarka Pospisilova, Iveta Svobodova, Ales Horinek, Antonin Brisuda, Viktor Soukup, Jan Hrbacek, Otakar Capoun, Jaroslav Mares, Tomas Hanus, Marek Babjuk, Marie Korabecna
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) in urine are examined as potential biomarkers. We examined the urine samples from 70 individuals (45 males, 25 females, mean age 65 years, range 20-84 years). Of the urine donors, 15 were healthy volunteers, 5 were patients with non-cancer diseases, 50 were patients with different stages of bladder cancer. To examine the spectrum of miRNAs in the cell-free fraction of urine, TaqMan Human miRNA Array Card A v.2.1 was used. A set of 30 miRNAs were found that are constantly present in urine supernatants independently of sex, age and health status of the subjects...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Zhuo Liu, Hongyang Jiang, Jun Yang, Tao Wang, Yufeng Ding, Jihong Liu, Shaogang Wang, Zhangqun Ye
Calcium oxalate stones account for >80% of urinary stones, however the mechanisms underlying their formation remains to be elucidated. Hyperoxaluria serves an important role in the pathophysiological process of stone formation. In the present study, differences in the miRNA expression profiles between experimental hyperoxaluric rats and normal rats were analyzed, in order to identify target genes and signaling pathways involved in the pathogenesis of hyperoxaluria. Ethylene glycol and ammonium chloride was fed to male hyperoxaluric rats (EXP) and normal age‑matched male rats (CON)...
October 12, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Mathijs van de Vrie, Jeroen K Deegens, Michael Eikmans, Johan van der Vlag, Luuk B Hilbrands
Urine represents a non-invasive source in which proteins and nucleic acids can be assessed. Such analytes may function as biomarkers to monitor kidney graft pathology at every desired frequency, thereby providing a time window to prevent graft damage by therapeutic intervention. Recently, several proteins have been measured in urine as markers of graft injury. However, the specificity is limited, and measuring urinary proteins generally lacks the potential to predict early kidney graft damage. Currently, urinary mRNA and microRNA are being investigated to evaluate the prognostic value of changes in gene expression during the initial stages of graft damage...
October 15, 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
Yu Mi Woo
Epigenetic regulation refers to heritable changes in gene expression that do not involve any alteration of the DNA sequence. DNA methylation, histone modification, and gene regulation by microRNAs are well-known epigenetic modulations that are closely associated with several cellular processes and diverse disease states, such as cancers, even under precancerous conditions. More recently, several studies have indicated that epigenetic changes may be associated with renal cystic diseases, including autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, and the restoration of altered epigenetic factors may become a therapeutic target of renal cystic disease and would be expected to have minimal side effects...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Yu Bin Shin, Jong Hoon Park
Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) is one of the most common inherited disorders. It is the fourth leading cause of renal replacement and renal failure worldwide. Mutations in PKD1 or PKD2 cause ADPKD. Patients with ADPKD show progressive growth of renal cysts filled with cystic fluid, leading to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and renal failure by their sixth decade of life. Currently, there are no curative treatments for ADPKD. Therefore, patients require dialysis or kidney transplantation...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Tue Kruse Rasmussen
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are lifelong diseases with increased mortality and chronic pains. They are both characterized by immunological imbalances causing the immune system attack and destroy the bodies own tissues (called autoimmune disease). The best treatment, we are currently able to offer these patients, cause significant side-effects and can not prevent significant loss of quality of life. At the heart of the disease mechanisms in RA and SLE are subsets of immune cells called T and B cells...
October 2016: Danish Medical Journal
Yaligara Veeranagouda, Pierrick Rival, Catherine Prades, Claire Mariet, Jean-François Léonard, Jean-Charles Gautier, Xiaobing Zhou, Jufeng Wang, Bo Li, Marie-Laure Ozoux, Eric Boitier
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0142708.].
2016: PloS One
Ya Wang, Ying Le, Jun-Yu Xue, Zong-Ji Zheng, Yao-Ming Xue
TGF-β1-induced epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) process of tubular epithelial cells plays a leading role in the occurrence and progression of renal fibrosis as seen in diabetic nephropathy (DN). High mobility group AT-hook 2 (HMGA2) is considered to be involved in TGF-β1-mediated EMT via multifactorial mechanisms. Specific microRNAs (miRNAs) are closely associated with EMT, and here we focused on let-7d miRNA as a regulator of HMGA2. This study aims to investigate the effects of HMGA2 on EMT process induced by TGF-β1 using small interfering RNA (siRNA) technique in vitro, and further explore the potential role of let-7d miRNA during renal fibrosis in DN...
October 28, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Mingming Xue, Yuru Zhou, Xiaoyu Liu, Dongsheng Ni, Yanxia Hu, Yaoshui Long, Pan Ju, Qin Zhou
To seek out the potential microRNAs (miRNAs) that target Wilms' tumor suppressor 1 (WT1), a transcription factor required for progenitor proliferation as well as normal development of the kidney, and to clarify the effects of the miRNAs on WT1, the 3'-untranslated region (3'‑UTR) of WT1 was initially analyzed and miR‑743a, a seldom‑reported miRNA, was identified. In the present paper, luciferase reporter assays were performed to confirm that miR‑743a is able to directly target the 3'‑UTR of WT1. Subsequently, reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction, combined with western blotting analyses, were performed, and the results revealed a significant inhibition of WT1 at the mRNA and the protein levels...
September 22, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Mareen Matz, Christine Lorkowski, Katharina Fabritius, Pawel Durek, Kaiyin Wu, Birgit Rudolph, Hans-H Neumayer, Mir-Farzin Mashreghi, Klemens Budde
The potential diagnostic value of circulating free miRNAs in plasma compared to miRNA expression in blood cells for rejection processes after kidney transplantation is largely unknown, but offers the potential for better and timely diagnosis of acute rejection. Free microRNA expression of specific blood cell markers was measured in 160 plasma samples from kidney transplant patients under standard immunosuppressive therapy (steroids±mycophenolic acid±calcineurin inhibitor) with stable graft function, urinary tract infection, interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy, antibody-mediated rejection (ABMR), Borderline (Banff3), tubulo-interstitial (Banff4-I) and vascular rejection (Banff4-II/III) applying RT-PCR...
September 20, 2016: Transplant Immunology
Laura Rivoli, A D Bastiaan Vliegenthart, Carmelita M J de Potter, Job J M H van Bragt, Nikolaos Tzoumas, Peter Gallacher, Tariq E Farrah, Neeraj Dhaun, James W Dear
AIM: microRNA-122 (miR-122) is a hepatotoxicity biomarker with utility in the management of paracetamol overdose and in drug development. Renal dysfunction and haemodialysis have been associated with a reduction in circulating microRNA. The objective of this study was to determine their effect on miR-122. METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 17 patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on haemodialysis, 22 healthy controls, 30 patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and 15 patients post-kidney transplantation...
September 21, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Jose L Viñas, Dylan Burger, Joseph Zimpelmann, Randa Haneef, William Knoll, Pearl Campbell, Alex Gutsol, Anthony Carter, David S Allan, Kevin D Burns
Administration of human cord blood endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs) or their exosomes protects mice against kidney ischemia/reperfusion injury. Here we studied the microRNA (miRNA) content of ECFC exosomes and the role of miRNA transfer in kidney and endothelial cell protection. ECFC exosomes were enriched in miR-486-5p, which targets the phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) and the Akt pathway. In cultured endothelial cells exposed to hypoxia, incubation with ECFC exosomes increased miR-486-5p, decreased PTEN, and stimulated Akt phosphorylation...
September 17, 2016: Kidney International
Juan Wang, Xiaonan H Wang, Haidong Wang, Ling Chen, Janet D Klein, Jeff M Sands
BACKGROUND: Urea transporters (UTs) are important in urine concentration and in urea recycling, and UT-B has been implicated in both. In kidney, UT-B was originally localized to outer medullary descending vasa recta, and more recently detected in inner medullary descending vasa recta. Endogenously produced microRNAs (miRs) bind to the 3'UTR of genes and generally inhibit their translation, thus playing a pivotal role gene regulation. METHODS: Mice were dehydrated for 24 hours then sacrificed...
September 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
Cui Yang, Si-Dao Zheng, Hong-Jin Wu, Shao-Jun Chen
OBJECTIVE: MicroRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) play critical roles in the fibrotic process in different organs. We summarized the latest research progress on the roles and mechanisms of miRNAs in the regulation of the molecular signaling pathways involved in fibrosis. DATA SOURCES: Papers published in English from January 2010 to August 2015 were selected from the PubMed and Web of Science databases using the search terms "microRNA", "miR", "transforming growth factor β", "tgf β", "mitogen-activated protein kinase", "mapk", "integrin", "p38", "c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase", "jnk", "extracellular signal-regulated kinase", "erk", and "fibrosis"...
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
X Liu, R S Edinger, C A Klemens, Y L Phua, A J Bodnar, W A LaFramboise, J Ho, M B Butterworth
The epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) is expressed in the epithelial cells of the distal convoluted tubules, connecting tubules and cortical collecting duct (CCD) in the kidney nephron. Under the regulation of the steroid hormone aldosterone, ENaC is a major determinant of sodium (Na(+) ) and water balance. The ability of aldosterone to regulate microRNAs (miRs) in the kidney has recently been realized, but the role of miRs in Na(+) regulation has not been well established. Here we demonstrate that expression of a miR cluster mmu-miR-23∼24∼27, is upregulated in the CCD by aldosterone stimulation both in vitro and in vivo...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Xinrui Shi, Yanjun Xu, Chunlong Zhang, Li Feng, Zeguo Sun, Junwei Han, Fei Su, Yunpeng Zhang, Chunquan Li, Xia Li
Recently, studies have reported that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) can act as modulators of mRNAs through competitively binding to microRNAs (miRNAs) and have relevance to tumorigenesis as well as other diseases. Identify lncRNA competitively regulated subpathway not only can gain insight into the initiation and progression of disease, but also help for understanding the functional roles of lncRNAs in the disease context. Here, we present an effective method, Subpathway-LNCE, which was specifically designed to identify lncRNAs competitively regulated functions and the functional roles of these competitive regulation lncRNAs have not be well characterized in diseases...
September 13, 2016: Oncotarget
Elena Mogilyansky, Peter Clark, Kevin Quann, Honglei Zhou, Eric Londin, Yi Jing, Isidore Rigoutsos
Breast cancer type 2, early onset susceptibility gene (BRCA2) is a major component of the homologous recombination DNA repair pathway. It acts as a tumor suppressor whose function is often lost in cancers. Patients with specific mutations in the BRCA2 gene often display discrete clinical, histopathological, and molecular features. However, a subset of sporadic cancers has wild type BRCA2 and display defects in the homology-directed repair pathway, which is the hallmark of 'BRCAness.' The mechanisms by which BRCAness arises are not well understood but post-transcriptional regulation of BRCA2 gene expression by microRNAs (miRNAs) may contribute to this phenotype...
2016: Frontiers in Genetics
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