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urinary albumin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645281/sex-difference-in-the-risk-for-exercise-induced-albuminuria-correlates-with-hemoglobin-a1c-and-abnormal-exercise-ecg-test-findings
#1
Rafael Y Brzezinski, Inbal Etz-Hadar, Ayelet Grupper, Michal Ehrenwald, Itzhak Shapira, David Zeltser, Shlomo Berliner, Ori Rogowski, Roy Eldor, Shani Shenhar-Tsarfaty
BACKGROUND: Albuminuria is an established marker for endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular risk in diabetes and prediabetes. Exercise induced albuminuria (EiA) appears earlier and may be a more sensitive biomarker for renal endothelial damage. We sought to examine the association between EiA, parameters of the metabolic syndrome, A1C levels, exercise ECG test results and sex related differences in a large cohort of healthy, pre-diabetic and diabetic subjects. METHODS: A total of 3029 participants from the Tel-Aviv Medical Center Inflammation Survey cohort (mean age 46 years, 73% men) were analyzed...
June 23, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642201/combination-of-coenzyme-q10-loaded-liposomes-with-ultrasound-targeted-microbubbles-destruction-utmd-for-early-theranostics-of-diabetic-nephropathy
#2
Ting Yue, He-Lin Xu, Pian-Pian Chen, Lei Zheng, Qun Huang, Wen-Shuang Sheng, Yuan-Di Zhuang, Li-Zhuo Jiao, Ting-Ting Chi, De-Li ZhuGe, Jin-Jin Liu, Ying-Zheng Zhao, Li Lan
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the most common and lethal microvascular complications of diabetes. This study aimed to explore whether coenzymeQ10 (CoQ10) as an antioxidant combined with ultrasound-targeted microbubble destruction (UTMD) could reverse the progress of early diabetic nephropathy (DN). CoQ10 has great potential to treat early DN. However, the clinical application of CoQ10 has been limited because of its low aqueous solubility and non-specific distribution. Therefore, CoQ10-loaded liposomes (CoQ10-lip) were prepared and combined with ultrasound microbubbles for the early theranostics of DN...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640832/sarpogrelate-hydrochloride-ameliorates-diabetic-nephropathy-associated-with-inhibition-of-macrophage-activity-and-inflammatory-reaction-in-db-db-mice
#3
Eun Soo Lee, Mi Young Lee, Mi-Hye Kwon, Hong Min Kim, Jeong Suk Kang, You Mi Kim, Eun Young Lee, Choon Hee Chung
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of sarpogrelate hydrochloride (SH), a selective serotonin 2A receptor antagonist, on diabetic nephropathy in a type 2 diabetes mouse model. We treated db/m and db/db mice with SH (30 mg/kg/day) for 12 weeks. Rat renal proximal tubule cells (NRK-52E) and mouse macrophages (Raw 264.7) were stimulated by high glucose (30 mM glucose) or LPS (100 ng/ml) with or without SH (20 μM). We found that SH treatment increased serum adiponectin level and decreased urinary albumin, macrophage infiltration to glomeruli, and renal inflammatory and fibrosis signals, which were highly expressed in diabetic mice...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637442/membranous-nephropathy-a-retrospective-observational-study-of-membranous-nephropathy-in-north-east-and-central-london
#4
Sanjana Gupta, John Connolly, Ruth J Pepper, Stephen B Walsh, Magdi M Yaqoob, Robert Kleta, Neil Ashman
BACKGROUND: Membranous nephropathy (MN) is the leading cause of nephrotic syndrome in adults. MN is a clinically heterogeneous disease and it is difficult to accurately predict outcomes (including end stage renal failure) at presentation and whom to treat with potentially toxic therapies. We aimed to identify factors predicting outcome in MN in our cohort from two large tertiary London units by undertaking a retrospective data analysis of 148 biopsy-proven MN patients from North East and Central London between 1995 and 2015...
June 21, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636754/linagliptin-and-its-effects-on-hyperglycaemia-and-albuminuria-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-and-renal-dysfunction-the-randomized-marlina-t2d%C3%A2-trial
#5
P-H Groop, M E Cooper, V Perkovic, B Hocher, K Kanasaki, M Haneda, G Schernthaner, K Sharma, R C Stanton, R Toto, J Cescutti, M Gordat, T Meinicke, A Koitka-Weber, S Thiemann, M von Eynatten
AIMS: The MARLINA-T2D™ study (ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01792518) was designed to investigate the glycaemic and renal effects of linagliptin added to standard-of-care in individuals with type 2 diabetes and albuminuria. METHODS: 360 individuals with type 2 diabetes, HbA1c 6.5 - 10.0% (48 - 86 mmol/mol), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥30 mL/min/1.73 m(2) , and urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) 30-3000 mg/g despite single agent renin-angiotensin-system blockade were randomized to double-blind linagliptin (n = 182) or placebo (n = 178) for 24 weeks...
June 21, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632449/prevalence-of-essential-hypertension-and-its-complications-among-chinese-population-at-high-altitude
#6
Le Yue, Zhiqing Fan, Lin Sun, Wei Feng, Jingjie Li
Yue Le, Zhiqing Fan, Lin Sun, Wei Feng, and Jingjie Li. Prevalence of essential hypertension and its complications among Chinese population at high altitude. High Alt Med Biol. 18:140-144, 2017. OBJECTIVES: This study examined the prevalence of essential hypertension (EH) and its complications among Chinese population at different altitude regions in Qinghai province. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis used data from 2000 residents living in the area with two different latitudes for more than 20 years, using 1:1 pairing mode...
June 2017: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631886/nlrp3-expression-and-urinary-hsp72-in-relation-to-biomarkers-of-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-in-diabetic-nephropathy-patients
#7
Hemat El-Sayed El-Horany, Rania Nagi Abd-Ellatif, Mona Watany, Yasser M Hafez, Hanaa Ibrahim Okda
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the major causes of end-stage renal disease. Nod-like receptors nucleotide-binding domain and leucine-rich repeat pyrin-3 domain (NLRP3) inflammasome displays a considerable role in the chronic inflammatory state observed in diabetic patients. Urinary heat shock protein 72 (uHSP72) is a sensitive and specific biomarker for the early detection of acute kidney injury. The aim of this study was to evaluate NLRP3 relative gene expression, its correlation with inflammatory and oxidative stress markers, and to assess the value of uHSP72 in the early detection of DN in type 2 diabetic patients with different degrees of DN...
June 20, 2017: IUBMB Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629212/a-study-of-the-modulating-action-of-quercetin-on-biochemical-and-histological-alterations-induced-by-lead-exposure-in-the-liver-and-kidney-of-rats
#8
Azza Sedky, Hany Elsawy
Lead is a highly toxic metal and a very potent poison. Lead poisoning is a serious condition but can be treated. Quercetin is a flavonoid with many beneficial uses. The aim of the present study was to investigate the possible modulating action of quercetin as a model of an antioxidant against the toxic effects of lead acetate on liver and kidneys of rats. Rats were randomly divided into four groups: (i) saline group (control); (ii) lead group received i.p. lead acetate (20 mg/kg b.w.); (iii) quercetin group received i...
June 30, 2017: Chinese Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626209/paeoniflorin-prevents-tlr2-4-mediated-inflammation-in-type-2-diabetic-nephropathy
#9
Tingmin Zhang, Qijin Zhu, Yunxia Shao, Kun Wang, Yonggui Wu
Paeoniflorin is an effective Chinese traditional medicine with anti-inflammatory and immune-regulatory effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the underlying renoprotective mechanism of Paeoniflorin. In vivo, db/db mice were intraperitoneally injected with Paeoniflorin at a dose of 15, 30, or 60 mg/kg respectively. The immunostaining of TLR2, TLR4, CD68, NF-kB p65 and the mRNA level of inflammatory factors, together with the protein expression of TLR2/4 signaling were evaluated. Our data demonstrated that Paeoniflorin could decrease the urinary albumin excretion rate and inhibit macrophage infiltration and activation through blockage of the TLR2/4 signaling pathway compared with the db/db group in vivo...
June 18, 2017: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612528/-effects-of-gubentongluo-formula-on-oxidative-stress-reflected-by-expressions-of-ppar%C3%AE-and-l-fabp-in-mice-with-iga-nephropathy
#10
Wen-Wen Li, Di Huang, Pei-Cheng Shen, Qing Wu, Chuan Sun, Xian-Xian Wang, Li-Qun He
OBJECTIVES: To determine the underlying mechanism of Gubentongluo Formula in the treatment of IgA nephropathy (IgAN). METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into four groups: normal group (n =10), IgAN group (n =10), control group (n =10) and treatment group (n =10). Mice in the normal and IgAN groups were intragastricly administered with normal saline for 12 weeks; while those in the control and treatment groups were given fenofibrate [30 mg/(kg!$d) and Gubentongluo Formula [1...
March 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611442/competing-factors-link-to-bone-health-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-chronic-low-grade-inflammation-takes-a-toll
#11
Shirin Kalyan, Millan S Patel, Elaine Kingwell, Hélène C F Côté, Danmei Liu, Jerilynn C Prior
Chronic inflammation predisposes to poor bone health. Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) experience androgen excess, ovulatory disturbances, insulin resistance, abdominal adiposity and chronic inflammation. Our objective was to investigate the relationships among bone health parameters, chronic subclinical inflammation and anthropometric measures in premenopausal women with and without PCOS. In 61 premenopausal women, 22 women with PCOS and 39 controls, we assessed bone parameters (total hip bone mineral density [BMD] by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and radius strength-strain index [SSI] by peripheral quantitative computed tomography), inflammation (C-reactive protein/albumin), oxidative stress (leukocyte telomere length, urinary 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine); hemoglobin A1c; anthropometric measures (body mass index, waist-to-height ratio, cross-sectional muscle area)...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608578/cantharidin-inhibits-competitively-heme-fe-iii-binding-to-the-fa1-site-of-human-serum-albumin
#12
Fabio Polticelli, Loris Leboffe, Valentina Tortosa, Viviana Trezza, Gabriella Fanali, Mauro Fasano, Paolo Ascenzi
Cantharidin, a monoterpene isolated from the insect blister beetle, has long been used as a medicinal agent in the traditional Chinese medicine. Cantharidin inhibits a subgroup of serine/threonine phosphatases, thus inducing cell growth inhibition and cytotoxicity. Cantharidin has anticancer activity in vitro, since it is able of inducing p53-dependent apoptosis and double-strand breakage of DNA in cancer cells. Although the toxicity of cantharidin to the gastrointestinal and urinary tracts prevents its medical use, it is a promising lead compound for chemical modification to develop new anticancer therapeutics...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Molecular Recognition: JMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607507/urinary-lipidomics-evidence-for-multiple-sources-and-sexual-dimorphism-in-healthy-individuals
#13
J Graessler, C S Mehnert, K-M Schulte, S Bergmann, S Strauss, T D Bornstein, J Licinio, M-L Wong, A L Birkenfeld, S R Bornstein
Urinary lipidomics may add new valuable biomarkers to the diagnostic armamentarium for early detection of metabolic and kidney diseases. Sources and composition of urinary lipids in healthy individuals, however, have not been investigated in detail. Shotgun lipidomics was used to quantify lipidomic profiles in native urine samples from 16 individuals (eight men, eight women) collected in five fractions over 24 h. All probands were comprehensively characterized by urinary and clinical indices. The mean total urinary lipid concentration per sample was 0...
June 13, 2017: Pharmacogenomics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607417/predictors-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-type-1-diabetes-a-longitudinal-study-from-the-amd-annals-initiative
#14
Pamela Piscitelli, Francesca Viazzi, Paola Fioretto, Carlo Giorda, Antonio Ceriello, Stefano Genovese, Giuseppina Russo, Pietro Guida, Roberto Pontremoli, Salvatore De De Cosmo
We evaluated 2,656 patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus and preserved renal function from the database of the Italian Association of Clinical Diabetologists network to identify clinical predictors for the development of chronic kidney disease. We measured estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), urinary albumin excretion, HbA1c, lipids, blood pressure. Over a 5-year period 4.3% (n = 115) developed reduced eGFR (<60 ml/min/1.73 m(2)), 18.0% (n = 477) albuminuria, and 21.0% (n = 559) either one of the renal endpoints (CKD)...
June 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605498/effect-of-home-blood-pressure-on-inducing-remission-regression-of-microalbuminuria-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Motonobu Nishimura, Yasuhisa Kato, Tsuyoshi Tanaka, Hideki Taki, Atsuhito Tone, Kazunori Yamada, Seiji Suzuki, Miho Saito, Yutaka Ando, Yoshiharu Hoshiyama
BACKGROUND: The Home Blood Pressure for Diabetic Nephropathy study is a prospective observational study conducted to determine the effect of home blood pressure (HBP) on remission/regression of microalbuminuria in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: Patients with type 2 DM having microalbuminuria were followed-up for 3 years. Remission of microalbuminuria was defined as shift from microalbuminuria to normoalbuminuria. Regression of microalbuminuria was defined as a 50% reduction in urinary albumin-creatinine ratio from baseline...
June 10, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602847/non-proteinuric-diabetic-nephropathy-is-the-main-cause-of-chronic-kidney-disease-results-of-a-general-population-survey-in-spain
#16
N R Robles, J Villa, F J Felix, D Fernandez-Berges, L Lozano
BACKGROUND: Diabetic nephropathy traditionally produces significant proteinuria prior to the development of renal impairment. However, this clinical paradigm has recently been questioned. The current study evaluated the impact of diabetes mellitus on the prevalence of renal disease in general population. METHODOLOGY: Data from of the HERMEX survey, an observational, cross sectional, population based study were used. The final sample included 2813 subjects (mean age 51...
June 3, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601117/tubular-urinary-indexes-reliably-distinguish-between-primary-tubulointerstitial-and-primary-glomerular-diseases-in-patients-referred-for-kidney-biopsy
#17
Andrej Škoberne, Špela Borštnar, Nuša Avguštin, Damjan Kovač, Andreja Aleš Rigler, Željka Večerić-Haler, Jernej Pajek, Mladen Krsnik, Nika Kojc, Dušan Ferluga, Jelka Lindič
AIMS: Kidney biopsy remains the gold standard for accurately diagnosing renal diseases. Urinalysis and assessment of renal function are the cornerstones for assessment of patients prior to biopsy. There is significant overlap in the results of routine urine parameters (proteinuria, erythrocyturia, leukocyturia) among different kidney diseases, which hinders the possibility of adequately estimating disease etiology prior to the biopsy. The aim of our study was to assess whether diverse markers of glomerular and tubular proteinuria - urinary albumin, IgG, α-1-microglobulin (α-1-m) and N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase (NAG) - are capable of distinguishing between patients with primary tubulointerstitial (TID) and primary glomerular disease (GLOM)...
June 9, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600485/silencing-of-trb3-ameliorates-diabetic-tubule-interstitial-nephropathy-via-pi3k-akt-signaling-in-rats
#18
Yali Ma, Fang Chen, Suxia Yang, Yurui Duan, Zhiqiang Sun, Jun Shi
BACKGROUND Nephropathy, a chronic progressive kidney disease often characterized by glomeruli scarring and sclerosis, is a major complication of diabetes mellitus. Development of nephropathologic lesions has been shown to be associated with suppressed AKT phosphorylation and elevated level of apoptosis. Moreover, it has been established that the TRB3 gene is capable of inhibiting AKT phosphorylation and promoting apoptosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS In this study, we injected TRB3 siRNA into Wistar rats with type 1 diabetes, and monitored development of nephropathy in the rats...
June 10, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596160/effects-of-sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-inhibitors-on-urinary-excretion-of-intact-and-total-angiotensinogen-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#19
Takuo Yoshimoto, Takayuki Furuki, Hiroyuki Kobori, Masaaki Miyakawa, Hitomi Imachi, Koji Murao, Akira Nishiyama
We conducted a descriptive case study to examine the effects of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors on urinary angiotensinogen excretion, which represents the function of the intrarenal renin-angiotensin system, in patients with type 2 diabetes. An SGLT2 inhibitor (canagliflozin 100 mg/day, ipragliflozin 25 mg/day, dapagliflozin 5 mg/day, luseogliflozin 2.5 mg/day or tofogliflozin 20 mg/day) was administered for 1 month (n=9). ELISA kits were used to measure both urinary intact and total angiotensinogen levels...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592243/reduced-kidney-function-albuminuria-and-risks-for-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-mortality-in-china-a-population-based-cohort-study
#20
Jinwei Wang, Fang Wang, Shiwei Liu, Maigeng Zhou, Luxia Zhang, Minghui Zhao
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have indicated that reduced kidney function and albuminuria are associated with increased risk of mortality and adverse cardiovascular outcomes, however, the evidence from the Asian population is limited. We investigated the association between the indicators of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and all-cause mortality, as well as cardiovascular mortality among a general population in China. METHODS: We conducted an observational study among 47,204 Chinese adults, from a cross-sectional survey, whose survival status is identified through December 31, 2013...
June 7, 2017: BMC Nephrology
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