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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091429/chronic-kidney-disease-in-chinese-postmenopausal-women-a-cross-sectional-survey
#1
F Pei, Z Zhou, Y Li, Y Ren, X Yang, G Liu, Q Xia, Z Hu, L Zhang, M Zhao, H Wang
INTRODUCTION: Despite advances in the management of chronic kidney disease (CKD), there is ongoing uncertainty regarding the prevalence of CKD in postmenopausal women. This study was designed to investigate both CKD prevalence and related risk factors in a cohort of postmenopausal Chinese women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was administered to a nationally representative sample of female Chinese participants, including a total of 47,204 subjects, among whom were 8573 self-reported postmenopausal women...
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090231/effects-of-ipragliflozin-on-diabetic-nephropathy-and-blood-pressure-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-an-open-label-study
#2
Daisuke Ito, Emi Ikuma-Suwa, Kazuyuki Inoue, Kimie Kaneko, Morifumi Yanagisawa, Kouichi Inukai, Mitsuhiko Noda, Akira Shimada
BACKGROUND: Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are novel agents used to treat type 2 diabetic patients. We investigated the efficacy of the SGLT2 inhibitor ipragliflozin on diabetic nephropathy in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A 50 mg dose of ipragliflozin was administered for 24 weeks to 50 patients with type 2 diabetes who were concomitantly managed with diet and exercise therapy alone or antidiabetic medications other than SGLT2 inhibitors...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088517/osborne-mendel-rats-simultaneously-develop-cardiac-and-renal-dysfunction-left-atrial-thrombosis-peripheral-artery-occlusion-and-ascending-aortic-dissection
#3
Makoto Asahina, Hideki Matsumoto, Yoshitaka Yasuhara, Noriko Suzuki, Ritsuko Takami, Michiyasu Takeyama, Ryuichi Tozawa
Although chronic kidney disease (CKD) is strongly associated with onsets of cardiovascular disease (CVD), the pathogenic mechanism between these diseases has not been fully understood. To develop and validate new therapeutic strategies for this complication, appropriate experimental models that reflect the complexity of the underlying pathophysiology are needed. The Osborne-Mendel (OM) rat was identified as an atherosclerosis-prone and a premature-death rat strain among 16 inbred rat strains when fed high-cholesterol containing diet...
January 11, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087977/fibroblast-growth-factor-23-fgf23-in-untreated-nephrotic-syndrome
#4
Ashok Kumar Yadav, Raja Ramachandran, Abhinav Aggarwal, Vinod Kumar, Krishan Lal Gupta, Vivekanand Jha
AIM: Despite its importance in bone and cardiovascular disease in subjects with kidney disease, there is no data on fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) perturbations in nephrotic syndrome. We evaluated FGF23 and markers of mineral bone metabolism in subjects with untreated NS. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we measured circulating levels of FGF23, 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D], 1,25 di-hydroxy vitamin D [1,25(OH)2 D], serum albumin, serum calcium, phosphorus, creatinine and intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) in 101 patients with adults onset NS and 40 healthy controls...
January 14, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074335/clinical-effects-of-topiroxostat-on-renal-and-endothelial-function-in-a-patient-with-chronic-kidney-disease-and-hyperuricemic-arteriolopathy-a-case-report
#5
Atsushi Tanaka, Tsukasa Nakamura, Eiichi Sato, Koichi Node
Hyperuricemia is associated with the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cardiovascular diseases. Topiroxostat, a selective xanthine oxidase inhibitor, effectively reduces serum uric acid (UA) levels and urinary albumin excretion (UAE) in CKD patients. A 50-year-old Japanese man was referred to our hospital due to albuminuria and hyperuricemia, and renal biopsy showed a typical hyperuricemic arteriolopathy. Treatment with topiroxostat decreased serum UA levels (9.2 mg/dL at baseline to 6.4 mg/dL after 6 months), UAE (388 to 88 mg/g...
January 10, 2017: Drugs in R&D
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073663/apom-hdl-c-and-apom-apoa-i-ratios-are-indicators-of-diabetic-nephropathy-in-healthy-controls-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#6
Puhong Zhang, Jialin Gao, Chun Pu, Gang Feng, Lizhuo Wang, Lizhu Huang, Yao Zhang
BACKGROUND: Apolipoprotein M (apoM) concentrations were decreased in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). ApoM was selectively expressed in renal tubular epithelial cells. We investigated the changes in plasma apoM concentrations in diabetic nephropathy (DN) patients and the potential of apoM as a biomarker of DN. METHODS: A total of 96 DN patients and 100 age- and sex-matched diabetic non-nephropathy (non-DN) patients and 110 healthy controls were included. All T2DM patients were divided into 3 groups according to urinary albumin excretion: normoalbuminuria (n=100), microalbuminuria (n=50) and macroalbuminuria (n=46)...
January 7, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068947/urinary-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-in-the-evaluation-of-patent-ductus-arteriosus-and-aki-in-very-preterm-neonates-a-cohort-study
#7
Anna Sellmer, Bodil H Bech, Jesper V Bjerre, Michael R Schmidt, Vibeke E Hjortdal, Gitte Esberg, Søren Rittig, Tine B Henriksen
BACKGROUND: A patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is frequently found in very preterm neonates and is associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality. A shunt across a PDA can result in an unfavorable distribution of the cardiac output and may in turn result in poor renal perfusion. Urinary Neutrophil Gelatinase-associated Lipocalin (U-NGAL) is a marker of renal ischemia and may add to the evaluation of PDA. Our primary aim was to investigate if U-NGAL is associated with PDA in very preterm neonates...
January 10, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065798/monitoring-treatment-of-acute-kidney-injury-with-damage-biomarkers
#8
T J Pianta, L Succar, T Davidson, N A Buckley, Z H Endre
BACKGROUND: Damage biomarkers may identify mechanisms and sites of acute kidney injury (AKI). However, the utility of novel AKI biomarkers differs by context, and their utility for monitoring treatment of AKI is unknown. We hypothesized that selected AKI biomarkers would facilitate monitoring of mechanism-specific treatment. We examined this using a panel of biomarkers to monitor cisplatin-induced AKI treatment with alpha-lipoic acid (α-LA) that has previously been demonstrated to ameliorate cisplatin induced AKI...
January 5, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065571/exposure-to-ddt-and-diabetic-nephropathy-among-mexican-americans-in-the-1999-2004-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#9
Charles J Everett, Olivia M Thompson, Clara E Dismuke
Concentrations of the pesticide DDT (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane) and its metabolite DDE (dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene), in the blood of Mexican Americans, were evaluated to determine their relationships with diabetes and diabetic nephropathy. The data were derived from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2004 (unweighted N = 1,411, population estimate = 13,760,609). The sample included teens, 12-19 years old, which accounted for 19.8% of the data. The time of the study overlapped the banning of DDT in Mexico in the year 2000, and those participants born in Mexico were exposed to DDT before they immigrated to the US...
January 5, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064163/predicting-albuminuria-response-to-spironolactone-treatment-with-urinary-proteomics-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-and-hypertension
#10
Morten Lindhardt, Frederik Persson, Christina Oxlund, Ib A Jacobsen, Petra Zürbig, Harald Mischak, Peter Rossing, Hiddo J L Heerspink
BACKGROUND: The mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist spironolactone significantly reduces albuminuria in patients with diabetes. Prior studies have shown large between-patient variability in albuminuria treatment response. We previously developed and validated a urinary proteomic classifier that predicts onset and progression of chronic kidney disease. Here, we tested whether the proteomic classifier based on 273 urinary peptides (CKD273) predicts albuminuria response to spironolactone treatment...
January 7, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063905/trichloroethylene-induced-formic-aciduria-in-the-male-c57-bl-6-mouse
#11
Edward A Lock, Paul Keane, Philip H Rowe, John R Foster, Daniel Antoine, Christopher M Morris
1, 1, 2-Trichloroethylene (TCE) is of environmental concern, due to evaporation while handling, chemical processing and leakage from chemical waste sites, leading to its contamination of ground water and air. For several decades there has been issues about possible long term health effects of TCE but recently the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and the US Environmental Protection Agency classified TCE as a human carcinogen. Links having been established between occupational exposures and kidney cancer and possible links to non-Hodgkin lymphoma and liver cancer, but there is more still more to learn...
January 4, 2017: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063188/utility-of-urinary-tubular-markers-for-monitoring-chronic-tubulointerstitial-injury-after-ischemia-reperfusion
#12
Daisuke Ichikawa, Atsuko Kamijo-Ikemori, Takeshi Sugaya, Keiichi Ohata, Mikako Hisamichi, Seiko Hoshino, Kenjiro Kimura, Yugo Shibagaki
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to elucidate whether urinary tubular markers during the chronic phase of acute kidney injury (AKI) are associated with chronic tubulointerstitial damage. METHODS: Male human L-type fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP) chromosomal transgenic (Tg) mice underwent ischemic reperfusion (I/R) injury via renal pedicle clamping for either 10 min or 20 min. Contralateral nephrectomy was performed at the time of tissue reperfusion...
January 7, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061828/risk-factors-of-progressive-iga-nephropathy-which-progress-to-end-stage-renal-disease-within-ten-years-a-case-control-study
#13
Danhua Shu, Feifei Xu, Zhen Su, Ji Zhang, Chaosheng Chen, Jianna Zhang, Xiaokai Ding, Yinqiu Lv, Haixia Lin, Peipei Huang
BACKGROUND: There were few related studies aiming to severe IgA nephropathy (IgAN) which could progress rapidly to end stage renal disease (ESRD) within ten years. To find valuable clinical or pathological factors and promising precautions is essential. METHODS: A single center case-control study was performed. Fifty ESRD patients with the primary cause of IgAN and a short renal survival time of less than ten years after diagnose were enrolled in the case group...
January 7, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060538/persistent-albuminuria-as-a-surrogate-marker-of-chronic-kidney-damage-among-newly-diagnosed-hypertensives-prevalence-and-risk-factors-in-an-urban-population-in-karachi-pakistan
#14
Muslima Ejaz, Ejaz Ahmed, Muhammed Mubarak, Juanita Hatcher, Tazeen Jaffar
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a major public health problem worldwide and a key factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD). Detection and treatment of CKD is of paramount importance. Albuminuria is one of the earliest screening markers recommended in patients at increased risk for CKD. OBJECTIVE: We conducted this study to determine the prevalence of persistent albuminuria (PA) in newly diagnosed hypertensive subjects and to study its associated risk factors. METHODS: A total of 173 (72%) of 240 subjects among 1340 newly diagnosed hypertensive subjects from an ongoing community-based cohort study who had been screened once for the presence of albuminuria were retested for the presence of PA in this study...
January 6, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044190/diffusion-tensor-imaging-of-the-renal-cortex-in-diabetic-patients-correlation-with-urinary-and-serum-biomarkers
#15
Ahmed Abdel Khalek Abdel Razek, Mohammad Alsayed Abd Alhamid Al-Adlany, Alhadidy Mohammed Alhadidy, Mohammed Ali Atwa, Naglaa Elsayed Abass Abdou
PURPOSE: To demonstrate role of diffusion tensor imaging of the kidney in diabetic patients and to correlate renal fractional anisotropy (FA) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of the renal cortex with urinary and serum biomarkers of diabetes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective study was conducted upon 42 diabetic patients (28 males, 14 females; mean age = 33 years) and 17 age- and sex-matched volunteers. Diabetic patients were micro-normoalbuminuric (n = 27) and macroalbuminuric (n = 15)...
January 2, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042546/tempol-effect-on-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-induced-by-hyperglycemia
#16
Mohammad Jafari, Farahnaz Dadras, Hamid Reza Ghadimipour, Mohamad Ali Seif Rabiei, Farhad Khoshjou
BACKGROUND: One of common mechanisms in pathophysiology of chronic kidney diseases is epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). On the other hand oxidative stress has been known to participate in kidney damage of diabetic nephropathy (DN). OBJECTIVES: We studied if tempol, a well-known antioxidant agent, can ameliorate EMT in DN induced in male rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven male rats were equally divided in to 4 groups. Group I (control or C), group II (diabetic or D), group III (T) rats which was given tempol (100 mg/kg/day) by gavages for 28 days and group IV (D&T) was diabetic rats that also received same dose of tempol...
January 2017: Journal of Nephropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039404/free-radical-scavenging-decreases-endothelin-1-excretion-and-glomerular-albumin-permeability-during-type-1-diabetes
#17
Mohamed A Saleh, Carmen De Miguel, David I Stevens, Pamela K Carmines, David M Pollock, Jennifer S Pollock
Increased renal endothelin-1 (ET-1) production and an ETA receptor-dependent increase in glomerular albumin permeability (Palb) accompany type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D). We hypothesized that T1D-induced oxidative stress contributes to renal ET-1 production and glomerular Palb Male rats with streptozotocin-induced T1D were provided free access to drinking water without additives (T1D rats) or containing the free radical scavenger tempol (1 mmol/L; T1D+Tempol). After 3 weeks, T1D+Tempol rats displayed lower urinary excretion of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances and glomerular superoxide production (dihydroethidium staining) compared to T1D rats...
December 2016: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038961/determinants-of-gentamicin-concentrations-in-critically-ill-patients-a-population-pharmacokinetic-analysis
#18
Caspar J Hodiamont, Nicole P Juffermans, Catherine S C Bouman, Menno D de Jong, Ron A A Mathôt, Reinier M van Hest
When treating critically ill patients with gentamicin for severe infection, peak concentrations (Cmax) determine clinical efficacy and trough concentrations (Cmin) determine toxicity. Despite administration of body weight-standardised starting doses, a wide range of Cmax is generally observed. Furthermore, in therapeutic drug monitoring, several measures of renal function are used to predict appropriate Cmin and gentamicin dosing intervals, but the most accurate predictor is not known. This study aimed to quantify the impact of several patient parameters on gentamicin Cmax values and to determine which measure of renal function best predicts gentamicin clearance (CL)...
December 16, 2016: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038936/association-of-peripheral-nesfatin-1-with-early-stage-diabetic-nephropathy
#19
Amin Irannejad, Alireza Ghajar, Mohsen Afarideh, Elias Khajeh, Sina Noshad, Sadaf Esteghamati, Khashayar Afshari, Farima Kahe, Morsaleh Ganji, Mohammad Saadat, Manouchehr Nakhjavani, Alireza Esteghamati
BACKGROUND: Nesfatin-1 is a newly found anorectic neuropeptide with potent metabolic regulatory effects that its circulating levels are shown to be elevated in diabetes. We compared serum nesfatin-1 in patients with type 2 diabetes and microalbuminuria (30mg/day≤urinary albumin excretion (UAE) <300mg/day) with their control patients with type 2 diabetes and normoalbuminuria (UAE <30mg/day). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a cross sectional setting, 44 adult patients with type 2 diabetes and microalbuminuria and 44 control patients with type 2 diabetes and normoalbuminuria were evaluated...
December 13, 2016: Pathophysiology: the Official Journal of the International Society for Pathophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029431/urine-biomarkers-of-tubular-injury-do-not-improve-on-the-clinical-model-predicting-chronic-kidney-disease-progression
#20
Chi-Yuan Hsu, Dawei Xie, Sushrut S Waikar, Joseph V Bonventre, Xiaoming Zhang, Venkata Sabbisetti, Theodore E Mifflin, Josef Coresh, Clarissa J Diamantidis, Jiang He, Claudia M Lora, Edgar R Miller, Robert G Nelson, Akinlolu O Ojo, Mahboob Rahman, Jeffrey R Schelling, Francis P Wilson, Paul L Kimmel, Harold I Feldman, Ramachandran S Vasan, Kathleen D Liu
Few investigations have evaluated the incremental usefulness of tubular injury biomarkers for improved prediction of chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression. As such, we measured urinary kidney injury molecule-1, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, N-acetyl-ß-D-glucosaminidase and liver fatty acid binding protein under highly standardized conditions among 2466 enrollees of the prospective Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort Study. During 9433 person-years of follow-up, there were 581 cases of CKD progression defined as incident end-stage renal disease or halving of the estimated glomerular filtration rate...
October 28, 2016: Kidney International
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