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Melanoma natural compound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333049/marine-derived-fungi-extracts-enhance-the-cytotoxic-activity-of-doxorubicin-in-nonsmall-cell-lung-cancer-cells-a459
#1
Bruno Castro-Carvalho, Alice A Ramos, Maria Prata-Sena, Fernanda Malhão, Márcia Moreira, Daniela Gargiulo, Tida Dethoup, Suradet Buttachon, Anake Kijjoa, Eduardo Rocha
Background: Drug resistance is a major concern in the current chemotherapeutic approaches and the combination with natural compounds may enhance the cytotoxic effects of the anticancer drugs. Therefore, this study evaluated the cytotoxicity of crude ethyl extracts of six marine-derived fungi - Neosartorya tsunodae KUFC 9213 (E1), Neosartorya laciniosa KUFC 7896 (E2), Neosartorya fischeri KUFC 6344 (E3), Aspergillus similanensis KUFA 0013 (E4), Neosartorya paulistensis KUFC 7894 (E5), and Talaromyces trachyspermum KUFC 0021 (E6) - when combined with doxorubicin (Dox), in seven human cancer cell lines...
December 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332602/nanoemulsion-strategy-for-ursolic-and-oleanic-acids-isolates-from-plumeria-obtusa-improves-antioxidant-and-cytotoxic-activity-in-melanoma-cells
#2
Helen L Alvarado, Ana C Calpena, Maria L Garduno-Ramirez, Raul Ortiz, Consolacion Melguizo, Jose M Prados, Beatriz Clares
BACKGROUND: Triterpenoids are an important class of natural bioactive products present in many medicinal plants. OBJECTIVE: The aim of present study is to investigate the antioxidant and anticarcinogenic potential of oleanolic acid (OA) and ursolic acid (UA) on B16 murine melanoma cell line isolated from Plumeria obtusa, free and loaded in a nanoemulsion (NEm) system. METHOD: The nanoemulsion was characterized by dynamic light scattering, transmission electron microscopy...
January 11, 2018: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250649/inflammatory-juvenile-compound-conjunctival-nevi-a-clinicopathological-study-and-literature-review
#3
Claudia Florida Costea, Mihaela Dana Turliuc, Gabriela Dimitriu, Camelia Margareta Bogdănici, Anca MoŢoc, Mădălina Adriana Chihaia, Cristina Dancă, Andrei Cucu, Alexandru Cărăuleanu, Nicoleta Dumitrescu, Lucia Indrei, Şerban Turliuc
AIM: The conjunctival nevus affecting children and adolescents is a rare condition and the literature showed only few reports on this issue. The aim of this article is to determine the histopathological features for the correct diagnosis of an inflammatory juvenile compound nevus of the conjunctiva (IJCNC) in order to make the difference between this tumor and other lesions, like conjunctival melanoma or lymphoma, very similar from a gross point of view. This article is a clinical pathological study of two cases of IJCNC with particular histopathological characteristics, who were admitted at the 2nd Ophthalmology Clinic, "Prof...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242038/nmr-based-phytochemical-analysis-of-vitis-vinifera-cv-falanghina-leaves-characterization-of-a-previously-undescribed-biflavonoid-with-antiproliferative-activity
#4
Luciana Tartaglione, Angelita Gambuti, Paola De Cicco, Giuseppe Ercolano, Angela Ianaro, Orazio Taglialatela-Scafati, Luigi Moio, Martino Forino
Vitis vinifera cv Falanghina is an ancient grape variety of Southern Italy. A thorough phytochemical analysis of the Falanghina leaves was conducted to investigate its specialised metabolite content. Along with already known molecules, such as caftaric acid, quercetin-3-O-β-d-glucopyranoside, quercetin-3-O-β-d-glucuronide, kaempferol-3-O-β-d-glucopyranoside and kaempferol-3-O-β-d-glucuronide, a previously undescribed biflavonoid was identified. For this last compound, a moderate bioactivity against metastatic melanoma cells proliferation was discovered...
December 11, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240662/essential-oils-from-neotropical-piper-species-and-their-biological-activities
#5
REVIEW
Joyce Kelly da Silva, Rafaela da Trindade, Nayara Sabrina Alves, Pablo Luís Figueiredo, José Guilherme S Maia, William N Setzer
The Piper genus is the most representative of the Piperaceae reaching around 2000 species distributed in the pantropical region. In the Neotropics, its species are represented by herbs, shrubs, and lianas, which are used in traditional medicine to prepare teas and infusions. Its essential oils (EOs) present high yield and are chemically constituted by complex mixtures or the predominance of main volatile constituents. The chemical composition of Piper EOs displays interspecific or intraspecific variations, according to the site of collection or seasonality...
December 14, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221182/differential-modulation-of-bax-bcl-2-ratio-and-onset-of-caspase-3-7-activation-induced-by-derivatives-of-justicidin-b-in-human-melanoma-cells-a375
#6
Aljawharah Al-Qathama, Simon Gibbons, Jose M Prieto
Diphyllin and its derivatives are well known cytotoxic natural products structurally related to the anti-cancer drug podophyllotoxin. We here study their structure-activity relationship upon human melanoma cells for first time. To this end, human melanoma A375 cells were incubated with Justicidin B and its 4-methoxylated or 4-glycosylated derivatives to evaluate their selective cytotoxicity and study their effects on cell cycle distribution, caspase activation, apoptosis induction using Annexin V-FITC/PI staining, cell morphology and western blot analysis...
November 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173184/natural-compounds-in-the-chemoprevention-of-malignant-melanoma
#7
Corina Danciu, Codruta Soica, Diana Antal, Alexa Ersilia, Roxana Ghiulai, Ioana Pavel, Florina Ardelean, Roxana Babuta, Alexandra Popescu, Cristina Dehelean
Malignant melanoma is a very aggressive form of skin cancer, with increasing rates every year, with an etiology that derives from the transformation and uncontrolled growth of melanocytes. There are several treatment options which can be used as unique treatment or combined, depending upon the stage of melanoma including surgical excision, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, targeted therapy. Plant Kingdom displays an unequalled potential for the synthesis of highly diversified chemical structures. Although natural compounds are synthesized in order to help the plant to interact with the environment, a large number of phytochemicals act as drugs within the human or animal body by activating various biochemical pathways...
November 21, 2017: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117113/design-synthesis-and-anticancer-evaluation-of-fangchinoline-derivatives
#8
Yazhou Liu, Bin Xia, Junjie Lan, Shengcao Hu, Lan Huang, Chao Chen, Xueyi Zeng, Huayong Lou, Changhu Lin, Weidong Pan
Twenty fangchinoline derivatives were synthesized from the natural product fangchinoline, and their anticancer activities on human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cell line, human prostate cancer PC3 cell line, human melanoma WM9 cell line and human leukaemia HEL and K562 cell lines were evaluated. The biological result showed that those derivatives exhibited potent activities on inhibiting cancer cell growth, and the structure-activity relationships were investigated. Among them, compound 4g, which was protected by benzoyl group in 7-phenolic position and nitrified in 14-position, showed impressive inhibition on all 5 cancer cell lines, especially WM9 cell line, with an IC50 value of 1...
November 8, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065840/design-synthesis-and-evaluation-of-2-pyridinyl-methylene-1-tetralone-chalcones-for-anticancer-and-antimicrobial-activity
#9
Maya Z Gibson, Minh A Nguyen, Sarah K Zingales
BACKGROUND: Chalcones, natural products produced by plants as a natural defense mechanisms against various pathogens, are molecules with structures that include two aromatic rings joined by an α, β unsaturated carbonyl system. Previous research has demonstrated that chalcones exhibit a wide variety of biological activities, including anticancer, antifungal, and antibiotic properties. OBJECTIVE: Our goal is to synthesize novel heterocyclic-containing chalcones and have their biological activities evaluated...
October 20, 2017: Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064398/coumestrol-epigenetically-suppresses-cancer-cell-proliferation-coumestrol-is-a-natural-haspin-kinase-inhibitor
#10
Jong-Eun Kim, Sung-Young Lee, Mi Jang, Hyo-Kyung Choi, Jong Hun Kim, Hanyong Chen, Tae-Gyu Lim, Zigang Dong, Ki Won Lee
Targeting epigenetic changes in gene expression in cancer cells may offer new strategies for the development of selective cancer therapies. In the present study, we investigated coumestrol, a natural compound exhibiting broad anti-cancer effects against skin melanoma, lung cancer and colon cancer cell growth. Haspin kinase was identified as a direct target protein of coumestrol using kinase profiling analysis. Histone H3 is a direct substrate of haspin kinase. We observed haspin kinase overexpression as well as greater phosphorylation of histone H3 at threonine 3 (Thr-3) in the cancer cells compared to normal cells...
October 24, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039788/impact-of-natural-compounds-on-dna-methylation-levels-of-the-tumor-suppressor-gene-rassf1a-in-cancer
#11
REVIEW
Reinhard H Dammann, Antje M Richter, Adriana P Jiménez, Michelle Woods, Miriam Küster, Chamindri Witharana
Epigenetic inactivation of tumor suppressor genes (TSG) is a fundamental event in the pathogenesis of human cancer. This silencing is accomplished by aberrant chromatin modifications including DNA hypermethylation of the gene promoter. One of the most frequently hypermethylated TSG in human cancer is the Ras Association Domain Family 1A (RASSF1A) gene. Aberrant methylation of RASSF1A has been reported in melanoma, sarcoma and carcinoma of different tissues. RASSF1A hypermethylation has been correlated with tumor progression and poor prognosis...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039537/juglone-potentiates-trail%C3%A2-induced-apoptosis-in-human-melanoma-cells-via-activating-the-ros%C3%A2-p38%C3%A2-p53-pathway
#12
Xiao Liu, Yan Chen, Yaohua Zhang, Juan Du, Yubao Lv, Shuming Mo, Yingchao Liu, Feng Ding, Jinfeng Wu, Ji Li
Tumor necrosis factor‑related apoptosis‑inducing ligand (TRAIL)‑based cancer therapy offers promise as TRAIL can kill cancer cells without apparent toxicity towards normal cells. However, intrinsic or acquired resistance to TRAIL inseveral types of cancer cell has become a major challenge in TRAIL‑based cancer therapy. Juglone is a natural compound isolated from walnut trees. In the present study, it was demonstrated that juglone sensitized melanoma cells to TRAIL‑induced cytotoxicity by MTT and crystal violet assays...
December 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032930/3-hydroxy-3-4-dimethoxyflavone-blocks-tubulin-polymerization-and-is-a-potent-apoptotic-inducer-in-human-sk-mel-1-melanoma-cells
#13
Francisco Estévez-Sarmiento, Mercedes Said, Ignacio Brouard, Francisco León, Celina García, José Quintana, Francisco Estévez
Flavonoids are naturally occurring polyphenolic compounds and are among the most promising anticancer agents. A series of flavonols and their 3-methyl ether derivatives were synthesized and assessed for cytotoxicity. It was found that 3'-hydroxy-3,4'-dimethoxyflavone (flavonoid 7a) displayed strong cytotoxicity against human SK-MEL-1 melanoma cells and blocked tubulin polymerization, but had no significant cytotoxic effects against quiescent or proliferating human peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Our analyses showed that flavonoid 7a induces G2-M cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in melanoma cells which is associated with cytochrome c release and activation of both extrinsic and intrinsic apoptotic pathways of cell death...
November 1, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028954/1-benzyl-indole-3-carbinol-is-a-highly-potent-new-small-molecule-inhibitor-of-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-in-melanoma-cells-that-coordinately-inhibits-cell-proliferation-and-disrupts-expression-of-microphthalmia-associated-transcription-factor-isoform-m
#14
Aishwarya Kundu, Michelle G Khouri, Sheila Aryana, Gary L Firestone
1-Benzyl-indole-3-carbinol (1-benzyl-I3C), a synthetic analogue of the crucifer derived natural phytochemical I3C, displayed significantly wider sensitivity and anti-proliferative potency in melanoma cells than the natural compound. Unlike I3C, which targets mainly oncogenic BRAF-expressing cells, 1-benzyl I3C effectively inhibited proliferation of melanoma cells with a more extensive range of mutational profiles, including those expressing wild type BRAF. In both cultured melanoma cell lines and in vivo in melanoma cell-derived tumor xenografts, 1-benzyl-I3C disrupted canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling that resulted in the down regulation of β-catenin protein levels with a concomitant increase in levels of the β-catenin destruction complex components GSK3β and Axin...
September 23, 2017: Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027311/natural-compound-licochalcone-b-induced-extrinsic-and-intrinsic-apoptosis-in-human-skin-melanoma-a375-and-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a431-cells
#15
Tae-Ho Kang, Goo Yoon, In-A Kang, Ha-Na Oh, Jung-Il Chae, Jung-Hyun Shim
Licochalcone B (Lico B), which is normally isolated from the roots of Glycyrrhiza inflata (Chinese Licorice), generally classified into organic compounds including retrochalcones. Potential pharmacological properties of Lico B include anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-oxidant, and anti-cancer activities. However, its biological effects on melanoma and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) are unknown. Based on these known facts, this study investigated the role of Lico B in apoptosis, through the extrinsic and intrinsic pathways and additional regulation of specificity protein 1 in human skin cancer cell lines...
October 13, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956863/ionic-liquid-catalyzed-green-protocol-for-multi-component-synthesis-of-dihydropyrano-2-3-c-pyrazoles-as-potential-anticancer-scaffolds
#16
Urja D Nimbalkar, Julio A Seijas, Maria Pilar Vazquez-Tato, Manoj G Damale, Jaiprakash N Sangshetti, Anna Pratima G Nikalje
A series of 6-amino-4-substituted-3-methyl-2,4-dihydropyrano[2,3-c]pyrazole-5-carbonitriles 5a-j were synthesized via one-pot, four-component condensation reactions of aryl aldehydes 1a-j, propanedinitrile (2), hydrazine hydrate (3) and ethyl acetoacetate (4) under solvent-free conditions. We report herein the use of the Brønsted acid ionic liquid (BAIL) triethylammonium hydrogen sulphate [Et₃NH][HSO₄] as catalyst for this multi-component synthesis. Compared with the available reaction methodology, this new method has consistent advantages, including excellent yields, a short reaction time, mild reaction conditions and catalyst reusability...
September 28, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936555/resveratrol-suppresses-melanoma-by-inhibiting-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-mir-221-and-inducing-tfg-expression
#17
Fangfang Wu, Liying Cui
Resveratrol (Res) is a natural compound with anti-cancer effects. The goal of this study is to evaluate the suppression of Res in melanoma and investigate its relationship with miRNAs during this process. The in vitro and in vivo anti-cancer abilities of Res were evaluated using cellular assays and animal model. Two melanoma cell lines (A375 and MV3) were used for both in vitro assay and in vivo experiments. qRT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect the changes in gene expressions and protein levels. Dual-luciferase reporter assay and bioinformatic tools were used to further confirm the protein binding and activation of targeted genes...
September 21, 2017: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868958/selective-in-vitro-anti-melanoma-activity-of-ursolic-and-oleanolic-acids
#18
Camelia Oprean, Alexandra Ivan, Florina Bojin, Mirabela Cristea, Codruta Soica, Lavinia Drăghia, Angela Caunii, Virgil Paunescu, Calin Tatu
Products of natural origin have become important agents in the treatment of cancer, and the active principles of natural sources could be used in combination with chemotherapeutic agents to increase their effects and to minimize their toxicity. Oleanolic (OA) and ursolic (UA) acids are intensely studied for their promising anticancer potential. The aim of this study was focused on the in vitro toxicological effects induced by UA and OA human mesenchymal stem cells and on melanoma, one of the most frequent cancers whose incidence is increasing every year...
September 29, 2017: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775302/deoxyarbutin-displays-antitumour-activity-against-melanoma-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-through-a-p38-mediated-mitochondria-associated-apoptotic-pathway
#19
Limei Ma, Yao Xu, Zeliang Wei, Guang Xin, Zhihua Xing, Hai Niu, Wen Huang
Deoxyarbutin (DeoxyArbutin, dA), a natural compound widely used in skin lighting, displayed selectively cytotoxicity in vitro. In the study, we found that dA significantly inhibited viability/proliferation of B16F10 melanoma cells, induced tumour cell arrest and apoptosis. Furthermore, dA triggered its pro-apoptosis through damaging the mitochondrial function (membrane potential loss, ATP depletion and ROS overload generation etc.) and activating caspase-9, PARP, caspase-3 and the phosphorylation of p38. Treatment with p38 agonist confirmed the involvement of p38 pathway triggered by dA in B16F10 cells...
August 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729227/computational-and-experimental-prediction-of-molecules-involved-in-the-anti-melanoma-action-of-berberine
#20
Bin Liu, Xiu-Qiong Fu, Ting Li, Tao Su, Hui Guo, Pei-Li Zhu, Anfernee Kai-Wing Tse, Shi-Ming Liu, Zhi-Ling Yu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGIC RELEVANCE: Berberine (BBR) is a naturally occurring alkaloid compound that can be found in Chinese medicinal herbs such as Rhizoma Coptidis and Phellodendri Cortex. These BBR containing herbs are commonly used by Chinese medicine doctors to treat cancers including melanoma. In this study, we explored proteins potentially involved in the anti-melanoma effects of BBR using computational and experimental approaches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Target proteins of BBR were predicted using the reverse pharmacophore screening, molecular docking and molecular dynamics...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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