keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cellulose synthase

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165363/identification-and-initial-characterization-of-the-effectors-of-an-anther-smut-fungus-and-potential-host-target-proteins
#1
Venkata S Kuppireddy, Vladimir N Uversky, Su San Toh, Ming-Chang Tsai, William C Beckerson, Catarina Cahill, Brittany Carman, Michael H Perlin
(1) Background: Plant pathogenic fungi often display high levels of host specificity and biotrophic fungi; in particular, they must manipulate their hosts to avoid detection and to complete their obligate pathogenic lifecycles. One important strategy of such fungi is the secretion of small proteins that serve as effectors in this process. Microbotryum violaceum is a species complex whose members infect members of the Caryophyllaceae; M. lychnidis-dioicae, a parasite on Silene latifolia, is one of the best studied interactions...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149285/draft-genome-analysis-provides-insights-into-the-fiber-yield-crude-protein-biosynthesis-and-vegetative-growth-of-domesticated-ramie-boehmeria-nivea-l-gaud
#2
Chan Liu, Liangbin Zeng, Siyuan Zhu, Lingqing Wu, Yanzhou Wang, Shouwei Tang, Hongwu Wang, Xia Zheng, Jian Zhao, Xiaorong Chen, Qiuzhong Dai, Touming Liu
Plentiful bast fiber, a high crude protein content, and vigorous vegetative growth make ramie a popular fiber and forage crop. Here, we report the draft genome of ramie, along with a genomic comparison and evolutionary analysis. The draft genome contained a sequence of approximately 335.6 Mb with 42,463 predicted genes. A high-density genetic map with 4,338 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) was developed and used to anchor the genome sequence, thus, creating an integrated genetic and physical map containing a 58...
November 15, 2017: DNA Research: An International Journal for Rapid Publication of Reports on Genes and Genomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124282/development-of-a-complete-set-of-wheat-barley-group-7-robertsonian-translocation-chromosomes-conferring-an-increased-content-of-%C3%AE-glucan
#3
Tatiana V Danilova, Bernd Friebe, Bikram S Gill, Jesse Poland, Eric Jackson
A complete set of six compensating Robertsonian translocation chromosomes involving barley chromosome 7H and three chromosomes of hexaploid wheat was produced. Grain β-glucan content increased in lines containing 7HL. Many valuable genes for agronomic performance, disease resistance and increased yield have been transferred from relative species to wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) through whole-arm Robertsonian translocations (RobT). Although of a great value, the sets of available translocations from barley (Hordeum vulgare L...
November 10, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118446/imaging-cellulose-synthase-motility-during-primary-cell-wall-synthesis-in-the-grass-brachypodium-distachyon
#4
Derui Liu, Nina Zehfroosh, Brandon L Hancock, Kevin Hines, Wenjuan Fang, Maria Kilfoil, Erik Learned-Miller, Karen A Sanguinet, Lori S Goldner, Tobias I Baskin
The mechanism of cellulose synthesis has been studied by characterizing the motility of cellulose synthase complexes tagged with a fluorescent protein; however, this approach has been used exclusively on the hypocotyl of Arabidopsis thaliana. Here we characterize cellulose synthase motility in the model grass, Brachypodium distachyon. We generated lines in which mEGFP is fused N-terminal to BdCESA3 or BdCESA6 and which grew indistinguishably from the wild type (Bd21-3) and had dense fluorescent puncta at or near the plasma membrane...
November 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100539/genome-wide-analysis-of-the-cellulose-synthase-like-csl-gene-family-in-bread-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l
#5
Simerjeet Kaur, Kanwarpal S Dhugga, Robin Beech, Jaswinder Singh
BACKGROUND: Hemicelluloses are a diverse group of complex, non-cellulosic polysaccharides, which constitute approximately one-third of the plant cell wall and find use as dietary fibres, food additives and raw materials for biofuels. Genes involved in hemicellulose synthesis have not been extensively studied in small grain cereals. RESULTS: In efforts to isolate the sequences for the cellulose synthase-like (Csl) gene family from wheat, we identified 108 genes (hereafter referred to as TaCsl)...
November 3, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077242/contribution-of-the-%C3%AE-glucosidase-bglc-to-the-onset-of-the-pathogenic-lifestyle-of-streptomyces-scabies
#6
Samuel Jourdan, Isolde M Francis, Benoit Deflandre, Elodie Tenconi, Jennifer Riley, Sören Planckaert, Pierre Tocquin, Loïc Martinet, Bart Devreese, Rosemary Loria, Sébastien Rigali
Common scab disease on root and tuber plants is caused by Streptomyces scabies and related species which use the cellulose synthase inhibitor thaxtomin A as the main phytotoxin. Thaxtomin production is primarily triggered by the import of cello-oligosaccharides. Once inside the cell, the fate of the cello-oligosaccharides is dichotomized into i) fueling glycolysis with glucose for the saprophytic lifestyle through the action of β-glucosidase(s) (BG), and ii) eliciting the pathogenic lifestyle by inhibiting the CebR-mediated transcriptional repression of thaxtomin biosynthetic genes...
October 27, 2017: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054870/synthesis-of-heterologous-mevalonic-acid-pathway-enzymes-in-clostridium-ljungdahlii-for-the-conversion-of-fructose-and-of-syngas-to-mevalonate-and-isoprene
#7
Bruce A Diner, Janine Fan, Miles C Scotcher, Derek H Wells, Gregory M Whited
There is a growing interest in the use of microbial fermentation for the generation of high-demand, high-purity chemicals using cheap feedstocks, in an environmentally-friendly manner. One example explored here is the production of isoprene (C5H8), a hemiterpene, which is primarily polymerized to polyisoprene in synthetic rubber in tires, but which can also be converted to C10 and C15 biofuels.The strictly anaerobic, acetogenic bacterium Clostridium ljungdahlii, used in all of the work described here, is capable of glycolysis using the Emben-Meyerhof-Parnas pathway and of carbon fixation using the Wood-Ljungdahl pathway...
October 20, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034630/-transcriptome-analysis-and-gene-function-annotation-of-bambusa-emeiensis-shoots-based-on-high-throughput-sequencing-technology
#8
Yupeng Chen, Ying Cao, Shanglian Hu, Yan Huang, Xueqin Lu, Gang Xu, Zhijian Long
Bambusa emeiensis is one of the preponderant species of sympodial bamboos in Sichuan province of China, and has excellent fiber length and quality as raw materials for papermaking, textile and other industries. In this study, with the application of Illumina HiSeq™ 2000 platform, we analyzed transcriptome in B. emeiensis with different heights of 10, 50, 100 and 150 cm. A total of 69.28 M reads were obtained, and a sum up of 111 137 bands of Unigenes were acquired following de novo stitching, assembly and clustering, among which there were 63 094 bands that had been integrated in the COG, GO, KEGG, Swiss-Prot and Nr databases using annotated methods...
November 25, 2016: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981454/hybrid-sequencing-of-full-length-cdna-transcripts-of-stems-and-leaves-in-dendrobium-officinale
#9
Liu He, Shuhua Fu, Zhichao Xu, Jun Yan, Jiang Xu, Hong Zhou, Jianguo Zhou, Xinlian Chen, Ying Li, Kin Fai Au, Hui Yao
Dendrobium officinale is an extremely valuable orchid used in traditional Chinese medicine, so sought after that it has a higher market value than gold. Although the expression profiles of some genes involved in the polysaccharide synthesis have previously been investigated, little research has been carried out on their alternatively spliced isoforms in D. officinale. In addition, information regarding the translocation of sugars from leaves to stems in D. officinale also remains limited. We analyzed the polysaccharide content of D...
October 5, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954403/textile-hemp-vs-salinity-insights-from-a-targeted-gene-expression-analysis
#10
Gea Guerriero, Marc Behr, Jean-Francois Hausman, Sylvain Legay
Soil salinity is a serious threat to agriculture, because it compromises biomass production and plant productivity, by negatively affecting the vegetative growth and development of plants. Fiber crops like textile hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) are important natural resources that provide, sustainably, both cellulosic and woody fibers for industry. In this work, the response to salinity (200 mM NaCl) of a fiber variety of hemp (Santhica 27) was studied using quantitative real-time PCR. The responses of plantlets aged 15 days were analyzed by microscopy and by measuring the changes in expression of cell wall-related genes, as well as in the general response to exogenous constraints...
September 26, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947492/two-complementary-mechanisms-underpin-cell-wall-patterning-during-xylem-vessel-development
#11
Rene Schneider, Lu Tang, Edwin R Lampugnani, Sarah Barkwill, Rahul Lathe, Yi Zhang, Heather E McFarlane, Edouard Pesquet, Totte Niittyla, Shawn D Mansfield, Yihua Zhou, Staffan Persson
The evolution of the plant vasculature was essential for the emergence of terrestrial life. Xylem vessels are solute-transporting elements in the vasculature that possess secondary wall thickenings deposited in intricate patterns. Evenly dispersed microtubule (MT) bands support the formation of these wall thickenings, but how the MTs direct cell wall synthesis during this process remains largely unknown. Cellulose is the major secondary wall constituent and is synthesized by plasma membrane-localized cellulose synthases (CesAs) whose catalytic activity propels them through the membrane...
September 25, 2017: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944540/three-atcesa6-like-members-enhance-biomass-production-by-distinctively-promoting-cell-growth-in-arabidopsis
#12
Huizhen Hu, Ran Zhang, Shengqiu Feng, Youmei Wang, Yanting Wang, Chunfen Fan, Ying Li, Zengyu Liu, René Schneider, Tao Xia, Shi-You Ding, Staffan Persson, Liangcai Peng
Cellulose is an abundant biopolymer and a prominent constituent of plant cell walls. Cellulose is also a central component to plant morphogenesis and contributes the bulk of a plant's biomass. While cellulose synthase (CesA) genes were identified over two decades ago, genetic manipulation of this family to enhance cellulose production has remained difficult. In this study, we show that increasing the expression levels of the three primary cell wall AtCesA6-like genes (AtCesA2, -5, -6), but not AtCesA3, AtCesA9 or secondary cell wall AtCesA7, can promote the expression of major primary wall CesA genes to accelerate primary wall CesA complex (CSCs) particle movement for acquiring long microfibrils and consequently increasing cellulose production in Arabidopsis transgenic lines, as compared with wild type...
September 25, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932262/atcesa8-driven-ossus3-expression-leads-to-largely-enhanced-biomass-saccharification-and-lodging-resistance-by-distinctively-altering-lignocellulose-features-in-rice
#13
Chunfen Fan, Shengqiu Feng, Jiangfeng Huang, Yanting Wang, Leiming Wu, Xukai Li, Lingqiang Wang, Yuanyuan Tu, Tao Xia, Jingyang Li, Xiwen Cai, Liangcai Peng
BACKGROUND: Biomass recalcitrance and plant lodging are two complex traits that tightly associate with plant cell wall structure and features. Although genetic modification of plant cell walls can potentially reduce recalcitrance for enhancing biomass saccharification, it remains a challenge to maintain a normal growth with enhanced biomass yield and lodging resistance in transgenic plants. Sucrose synthase (SUS) is a key enzyme to regulate carbon partitioning by providing UDP-glucose as substrate for cellulose and other polysaccharide biosynthesis...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903910/genome-wide-identification-subcellular-localization-and-gene-expression-analysis-of-the-members-of-cesa-gene-family-in-common-tobacco-nicotiana-tabacum-l
#14
Zong-Chang Xu, Yingzhen Kong
Cellulose-synthase proteins (CESAs) are membrane localized proteins and they form protein complexes to produce cellulose in the plasma membrane. CESA proteins play very important roles in cell wall construction during plant growth and development. In this study, a total of 21 NtCESA gene sequences were identified by using PF03552 conserved protein sequence and 10 AtCESA protein sequences of Arabidopsis thaliana to blast against the common tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) genome database with TBLASTN protocol...
June 20, 2017: Yi Chuan, Hereditas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892802/regulation-of-cellulose-synthesis-in-response-to-stress
#15
REVIEW
Christopher Kesten, Alexandra Menna, Clara Sánchez-Rodríguez
The cell wall is a complex polysaccharide network that provides stability and protection to the plant and is one of the first layers of biotic and abiotic stimuli perception. A controlled remodeling of the primary cell wall is essential for the plant to adapt its growth to environmental stresses. Cellulose, the main component of plant cell walls is synthesized by plasma membrane-localized cellulose synthases moving along cortical microtubule tracks. Recent advancements demonstrate a tight regulation of cellulose synthesis at the primary cell wall by phytohormone networks...
September 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889281/discovery-of-the-second-messenger-cyclic-di-gmp
#16
Ute Römling, Michael Y Galperin
The nearly ubiquitous bacterial second messenger cyclic di-GMP is involved in a multitude of fundamental physiological processes such as sessility/motility transition and the switch between the acute and chronic infection status, combined with cell cycle control. The discovery of cyclic di-GMP, though, has been an example par excellence of scientific serendipity. We recapitulate here its years-long discovery process as an activator of the cellulose synthase of the environmental bacterium Komagataeibacter xylinus and its consequences for follow-up research...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878799/integration-of-physical-genetic-and-cytogenetic-mapping-data-for-cellulose-synthase-cesa-genes-in-flax-linum-usitatissimum-l
#17
Olga Y Yurkevich, Ilya V Kirov, Nadezhda L Bolsheva, Olga A Rachinskaya, Zoya E Grushetskaya, Svyatoslav A Zoschuk, Tatiana E Samatadze, Marina V Bogdanova, Valentina A Lemesh, Alexandra V Amosova, Olga V Muravenko
Flax, Linum usitatissimum L., is a valuable multi-purpose plant, and currently, its genome is being extensively investigated. Nevertheless, mapping of genes in flax genome is still remaining a challenging task. The cellulose synthase (CesA) multigene family involving in the process of cellulose synthesis is especially important for metabolism of this fiber crop. For the first time, fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH)-based chromosomal localization of the CesA conserved fragment (KF011584.1), 5S, and 26S rRNA genes was performed in landrace, oilseed, and fiber varieties of L...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859372/on-the-stability-of-nucleoside-diphosphate-glucose-metabolites-implications-for-studies-of-plant-carbohydrate-metabolism
#18
Benjamin L Hill, Carlos M Figueroa, Matías D Asencion Diez, John E Lunn, Alberto A Iglesias, Miguel A Ballicora
Nucleoside diphosphate sugars (NDP-sugars) are the substrates for biosynthesis of oligo- and polysaccharides, such as starch and cellulose, and are also required for biosynthesis of nucleotides, ascorbic acid, several cofactors, glycoproteins and many secondary metabolites. A controversial study that questions the generally accepted pathway of ADP-glucose and starch synthesis in plants is based, in part, on claims that NDP-sugars are unstable at alkaline pH in the presence of Mg2+ and that this instability can lead to unreliable results from in vitro assays of enzyme activities...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827694/a-novel-c-di-gmp-binding-domain-in-glycosyltransferase-bgsa-is-responsible-for-the-synthesis-of-a-mixed-linkage-%C3%AE-glucan
#19
Daniel Pérez-Mendoza, Daniela Bertinetti, Robin Lorenz, María-Trinidad Gallegos, Friedrich W Herberg, Juan Sanjuán
BgsA is the glycosyltransferase (GT) involved in the synthesis of a linear mixed-linkage β-glucan (MLG), a recently described exopolysaccharide activated by c-di-GMP in Sinorhizobium meliloti and other Rhizobiales. Although BgsA displays sequence and structural homology with bacterial cellulose synthases (CS), it does not contain any predictable c-di-GMP binding domain. In this work we demonstrate that the cytoplasmic C-terminal domain of BgsA (C-BgsA) binds c-di-GMP with both high affinity (KD = 0.23 μM) and specificity...
August 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792104/expression-analysis-of-cellulose-synthase-and-main-cytoskeletal-protein-genes-in-flax-linum-usitatissimum-l
#20
Dmitry Galinousky, Tsimafei Padvitski, Galina Bayer, Yaroslav Pirko, Nikolay Pydiura, Natallia Anisimova, Tatyana Nikitinskaya, Liubov Khotyleva, Alla Yemets, Aleksandr Kilchevsky, Yaroslav Blume
Fiber flax is an important source of natural fiber and a comprehensive model for the plant fiber biogenesis studies. Cellulose-synthase (CesA) and cytoskeletal genes are known to be important for the cell wall biogenesis in general and for the biogenesis of flax fibers in particular. Currently, knowledge about activity of these genes during the plant growth is limited. In this study, we have investigated flax fiber biogenesis by measuring expression of CesA and cytoskeletal genes at two stages of the flax development (seedlings and stems at the rapid growth stage) in several flax subspecies (elongatum, mediterraneum, crepitans)...
August 9, 2017: Cell Biology International
keyword
keyword
107245
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"