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C Messer, A Zander, I V Arnolds, S Nickel, M Schuster
INTRODUCTION: In most hospitals the operating rooms (OR) are separated from the rest of the hospital by transfer rooms where patients have to pass through for reasons of hygiene. In the OR transfer room patients are placed on the OR table before surgery and returned to the hospital bed after surgery. It could happen that the number of patients who need to pass through a transfer room at a certain point in time exceed the number of available transfer rooms. As a result the transfer rooms become a bottleneck where patients have to wait and which, in turn, may lead to delays in the OR suite...
December 2015: Der Anaesthesist
Lynn Chenoweth, Victor Vickland, Jane Stein-Parbury, Yun-Hee Jeon, Patricia Kenny, Henry Brodaty
AIM: To answer questions on the essential components (services, operations and resources) of a person-centered aged care home (iHome) using computer simulation. MATERIALS & METHODS: iHome was developed with AnyLogic software using extant study data obtained from 60 Australian aged care homes, 900+ clients and 700+ aged care staff. Bayesian analysis of simulated trial data will determine the influence of different iHome characteristics on care service quality and client outcomes...
October 2015: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
Charles Anklam, Adam Kirby, Filipo Sharevski, J Eric Dietz
UNLABELLED: Active shooting violence at confined settings, such as educational institutions, poses serious security concerns to public safety. In studying the effects of active shooter scenarios, the common denominator associated with all events, regardless of reason/intent for shooter motives, or type of weapons used, was the location chosen and time expended between the beginning of the event and its culmination. This in turn directly correlates to number of casualties incurred in any given event...
May 2015: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
Cliff Wojtalewicz, Adam Kirby, J Eric Dietz
When developing response plans in the aftermath of a catastrophic incident, jurisdictions often fail to conduct the necessary interdisciplinary planning needed to fully address the needs across jurisdictional borders. The Purdue Homeland Security Institute (PHSI) was selected by the City of Chicago Office of Emergency Management and Communications (OEMC) in 2010 to lead an effort to address planning across jurisdictional borders during mass evacuations following a catastrophic incident. Specifically, PHSI was chosen to lead the effort in developing a planning and implementation guide for standing up a conceptual Regional Hub Reception Center (RHRC)...
May 2014: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
Theodore Eugene Day, Nathan Ravi, Hong Xian, Ann Brugh
BACKGROUND: Agent-based models are valuable for examining systems where large numbers of discrete individuals interact with each other, or with some environment. Diabetic Veterans seeking eye care at a Veterans Administration hospital represent one such cohort. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop an agent-based template to be used as a model for a patient with diabetic retinopathy (DR). This template may be replicated arbitrarily many times in order to generate a large cohort which is representative of a real-world population, upon which in-silico experimentation may be conducted...
2013: PloS One
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