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Complication liver resection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455011/hybrid-retrograde-celiac-artery-stenting-for-acute-mesenteric-ischemia-after-gastric-surgery
#1
Duarte Rego, Paulo Almeida, Paulo Soares, Rui Almeida
INTRODUCTION: Celiac artery (CA) occlusions/stenosis are infrequently associated with liver ischemia due to its unique vascularization where portal vein provides about 75% of liver's perfusion. Collateral flow from gastroduodenal artery also provides, in most cases, enough blood supply to prevent ischemic hepatitis. In cases where these collateral pathways are compromised severe liver ischemia can occur. METHODS: We present a case of acute mesenteric ischemia following gastric surgery that was treated with a hybrid retrograde CA stenting...
February 15, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454099/two-stage-hepatectomy-vs-one-stage-major-hepatectomy-with-contralateral-resection-or-ablation-for-advanced-bilobar-colorectal-liver-metastases
#2
Takashi Mizuno, Jordan M Cloyd, Kiyohiko Omichi, Yun Shin Chun, Claudius Conrad, Ching-Wei D Tzeng, Steven H Wei, Thomas A Aloia, Jean-Nicolas Vauthey
BACKGROUND: Both two-stage hepatectomy (TSH) and one-stage hepatectomy (OSH) represent feasible strategies for resection of advanced bilobar colorectal liver metastases (CLM). However, the influence of the surgical approach on postoperative outcomes and overall survival (OS) is unknown. To define the optimal surgical approach for advanced bilobar CLM requiring right hemihepatectomy, we compared short-term and long-term outcomes following TSH and OSH with contralateral resection or radiofrequency ablation (RFA)...
February 14, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450751/left-lobe-mobilization-strategy-of-right-sided-major-hepatectomy-for-treatment-of-a-tumor-causing-severe-inferior-vena-cava-compression-a-novel-strategy-using-the-modified-liver-hanging-maneuver
#3
Kenichiro Araki, Norio Kubo, Norihiro Ishii, Mariko Tsukagoshi, Takamichi Igarashi, Akira Watanabe, Hiroyuki Kuwano, Ken Shirabe
BACKGROUND: Massive bleeding during major hepatectomy is associated with greater mortality and morbidity.1 Our previous study shows that inferior vena cava (IVC) compression by tumor and an anterior approach without the liver-hanging maneuver (LHM) are risk factors for massive bleeding.2 The LHM is useful for controlling bleeding in deeper parenchymal transection planes.3 However, severe compression of the IVC by tumor makes it difficult to insert a hanging tape.4 The study shows a novel modified LHM strategy for severe IVC compression to minimize intraoperative bleeding...
February 14, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448304/neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-as-a-method-of-predicting-complications-following-hepatic-resection-for-colorectal-liver-metastasis
#4
Simon J McCluney, Alexandros Giakoustidis, Angela Segler, Juliane Bissel, Roberto Valente, Robert R Hutchins, Ajit T Abraham, Satyajit Bhattacharya, Hemant M Kocher
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Approximately 30-50% of patients with colorectal cancer develop liver metastasis for which liver resection is the only hope for potential cure. However, hepatic resection is associated with considerable morbidity. The aim was to detect early complications by utilising the neutrophil: lymphocyte ratio (NLR). METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing hepatic resection at a single institution between 2008 and 2016...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439847/the-outcomes-of-central-hepatectomy-versus-extended-hepatectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Jenny Chan, Marcos Perini, Michael Fink, Mehrdad Nikfarjam
BACKGROUND: Central hepatectomy (CH) is a relatively uncommon liver resection technique. It is generally perceived as a more complex operation than extended hepatectomies (EH), with potentially higher associated morbidity. The outcomes of CH compared with EH is not well defined and there is a need to reassess. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted in PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE and Web of Science according to PRISMA guidelines for studies on the treatment of liver tumours with CH published from 1972 until February 2017...
February 10, 2018: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439711/liver-resection-surgery-versus-thermal-ablation-for-colorectal-liver-metastases-lava-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Kurinchi Gurusamy, Neil Corrigan, Julie Croft, Maureen Twiddy, Stephen Morris, Nick Woodward, Steve Bandula, Daniel Hochhauser, Vicky Napp, Alison Pullan, Nicholas Jakowiw, Raj Prasad, Steven Olde Damink, C J H M van Laarhoven, Johannes H W de Wilt, Julia Brown, Brian R Davidson
BACKGROUND: Although surgical resection has been considered the only curative option for colorectal liver metastases (CLM), thermal ablation has recently been suggested as an alternative curative treatment. A prospective randomised trial is required to define the efficacy of resection vs ablation for the treatment of colorectal liver metastases. METHODS: Design and setting: This is a multicentre, open, randomised controlled non-inferiority trial design with internal pilot and will be performed in tertiary liver centres in UK and The Netherlands...
February 13, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437041/preoperative-exercise-halves-the-postoperative-complication-rate-in-patients-with-lung-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-the-effect-of-exercise-on-complications-length-of-stay-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Daniel Steffens, Paula R Beckenkamp, Mark Hancock, Michael Solomon, Jane Young
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of preoperative exercises interventions in patients undergoing oncological surgery, on postoperative complications, length of hospital stay and quality of life. DESIGN: Intervention systematic review with meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Embase and PEDro. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Trials investigating the effectiveness of preoperative exercise for any oncological patient undergoing surgery were included...
February 1, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432257/progression-of-living-liver-donation-worldwide
#8
Trevor L Nydam, Mettu Srinivas Reddy, Elizabeth A Pomfret, Mohamed Rela
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) has developed into a well tolerated and viable option when deceased donor transplantation is not available. Transplant and advanced hepatobiliary surgeons from around the world have performed living donor hepatectomies consistently for decades with acceptable donor outcomes. However, optimizing the preoperative workup, donor selection, operative technique, and perioperative care will improve these outcomes. This manuscript reviews recent worldwide literature for the living liver donor...
February 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426971/laparoscopic-versus-open-right-posterior-sectionectomy-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-a-high-volume-center-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#9
Jinsoo Rhu, Sung Joo Kim, Gyu Seong Choi, Jong Man Kim, Jae-Won Joh, Choon Hyuck David Kwon
BACKGROUND: While minimal invasive surgery is becoming popular in liver resection, right posterior sectionectomy (RPS) is still considered as a difficult procedure. We summarize the clinical data and investigate the feasibility of laparoscopic right posterior sectionectomy (LRPS) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by comparing its outcomes with those of open right posterior sectionectomy (ORPS). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 191 patients who underwent RPS for HCC during January 2009 to August 2016 at Samsung Medical Center...
February 9, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421802/postoperative-liver-failure-criteria-for-predicting-mortality-after-major-hepatectomy-with-extrahepatic-bile-duct-resection
#10
Takeshi Kawamura, Takehiro Noji, Keisuke Okamura, Kimitaka Tanaka, Yoshitsugu Nakanishi, Toshimichi Asano, Yuma Ebihara, Yo Kurashima, Toru Nakamura, Soichi Murakami, Takahiro Tsuchikawa, Toshiaki Shichinohe, Satoshi Hirano
BACKGROUND: Post-hepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) is a serious complication after major hepatectomy with extrahepatic bile duct resection (Hx with EBDR) that may cause severe morbidity and even death. The purpose of this study was to compare several criteria systems as predictors of PHLF-related mortality following Hx with EBDR for perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (PHCC). METHODS: The study cohort consisted of 222 patients who underwent Hx with EBDR for PHCC. We compared several criteria systems, including previously established criteria (the International Study Group of Liver Surgery (ISGLS) criterion; and the "50-50" criterion), and our institution's novel systems "Max T-Bili" defined as total bilirubin (T-Bili) >7...
February 8, 2018: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417360/42-573-cases-of-hepatectomy-in-china-a-multicenter-retrospective-investigation
#11
Binhao Zhang, Bixiang Zhang, Zhiwei Zhang, Zhiyong Huang, Yifa Chen, Minshan Chen, Ping Bie, Baogang Peng, Liqun Wu, Zhiming Wang, Bo Li, Jia Fan, Lunxiu Qin, Ping Chen, Jingfeng Liu, Zhe Tang, Jun Niu, Xinmin Yin, Deyu Li, Songqing He, Bin Jiang, Yilei Mao, Weiping Zhou, Xiaoping Chen
Hepatectomy is currently routinely performed in most hospitals in China. China owns the largest population of liver diseases and the biggest number of liver resection cases. A nationwide multicenter retrospective investigation involving 112 hospitals was performed, and focused on liver resection for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). 42,573 cases of hepatectomy were enrolled, and 18,275 valid cases of liver resection for HCC patients were selected for statistical analysis. The epidemiology of HCC, distribution of hepatectomy, postoperative complications and prognosis were finally analyzed...
February 2, 2018: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416321/perioperative-outcome-of-elderly-versus-younger-patients-undergoing-major-hepatic-or-pancreatic-surgery
#12
Qiang Lu, Jian-Wen Lu, Zheng Wu, Xue-Min Liu, Jian-Hui Li, Jian Dong, Guo-Zhi Yin, Yi Lv, Xu-Feng Zhang
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the safety of elderly cancer patients (≥70 years) undergoing hepatic resection (HR) or pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) in comparison with younger adults (<70 years). Methods: A total of 1,012 consecutive patients undergoing HR or PD were included. The incidence and severity of morbidity were documented within 30 days postoperatively and compared between elderly and younger groups. Risk factors associated with postoperative morbidity were investigated by multivariate logistic regression analysis...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398185/preoperative-laboratory-data-are-associated-with-complications-and-surgical-site-infection-in-composite-head-and-neck-surgical-resections
#13
Nicholas B Abt, Rosh K Sethi, Sidharth V Puram, Mark A Varvares
OBJECTIVES: 1) Describe normal/abnormal preoperative laboratory testing incidence in head and neck (H&N) composite resections and 2) determine complication, surgical site infection (SSI), and transfusion predictors by laboratory test. METHODS: The 2006 to 2013 NSQIP databases were queried for H&N composite resections. Laboratory data was categorized within, under, or above the normal reference range according to NSQIP definitions. Overall complications and SSI were analyzed with multivariable logistic regression analysis...
January 31, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397637/pringle-maneuver-in-robotic-liver-surgery-preliminary-study
#14
Benedetta Pesi, Luca Moraldi, Ilenia Bartolini, Federica Tofani, Francesco Guerra, Mario Annecchiarico, Andrea Coratti
BACKGROUND: Liver resection may be complicated by unpredictable intraoperative bleeding. Pringle's maneuver was the first attempt to control bleeding,but the main problem is the duration of ischemia. Robotic surgery thanks to the magnified view,three-dimensional visualization associated and fine movement allow to perform good parenchymal dissection and identification of vascular structure. Aim of study is to evaluate blood loss and the need to perform Pringle maneuver in patients underwent robotic liver resection...
February 1, 2018: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395023/is-there-a-role-for-ytrrium-90-in-the-treatment-of-unresectable-and-metastatic-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma
#15
Tamer M Shaker, Chloe Chung, Manish K Varma, Michael G Doherty, Andrea M Wolf, Mathew H Chung, M Mura Assifi
BACKGROUND: Selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) with Ytrrium-90 (Y-90) has been used to treat hepatic malignancies with success. This study focuses on the efficacy and safety of Y-90 in the treatment of unresectable and metastatic intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). METHODS: A single-institution retrospective case review was performed for patients with unresectable and metastatic ICC treated with Y-90 between 2006 and 2016. RESULTS: Seventeen patients with ICC underwent 21 Y-90 treatments...
January 30, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394690/-a-case-with-metastatic-huge-ovarian-tumor-from-transverse-colon-cancer-who-underwent-systemic-chemotherapy-after-bilateral-oophorectomy-and-right-hemi-colectomy
#16
Shun Miyanari, Toshiya Nagasaki, Hironori Minami, Hironori Fukuoka, Satoshi Murahashi, Shinsuke Suzuki, Hajime Ushigome, Takashi Akiyoshi, Tsuyoshi Konishi, Yoshiya Fujimoto, Satoshi Nagayama, Yosuke Fukunaga, Masashi Ueno
Metastatic ovarian tumors from colon cancer would be resistant to chemotherapy, and compromising quality of life(QOL) of these patients was caused by acute enlargement of the tumors. A 37-year-old woman with abdominal distension was diagnosed with transverse colon cancer, bilateral ovarian metastases, liver metastases, and peritoneal dissemination at prior hospital. Two courses of chemotherapy(FOLFOX)were administered, but metastaticovarian tumors enlarged. Chemotherapy was discontinued and she was referred to our institution...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392122/liver-resection-versus-radiofrequency-ablation-for-hepatitis-b-virus-related-small-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#17
Bin Liang, Siyang Yao, Jiapeng Zhou, Zongkui Li, Tianqi Liu
Background: To compare the outcomes of liver resection (LR) with radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: A total of 122 HBV-related small HCC patients who underwent LR (n=64) or RFA (n=58) were involved in this retrospective study. Their basic clinical data, postoperative complications, survival outcomes, and prognostic factors were compared and analyzed. Results: Patients in the LR group had more serious complications (11 versus 0) and longer postoperative hospital stays (11...
2018: Journal of Hepatocellular Carcinoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391928/associating-liver-partition-and-portal-vein-ligation-for-staged-hepatectomy-for-extensive-alveolar-echinococcosis-first-case-report-in-the-literature
#18
Sami Akbulut, Egemen Cicek, Mehmet Kolu, Tevfik Tolga Sahin, Sezai Yilmaz
Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is a zoonotic disease that is caused by Echinococcus multilocularis that affects liver and a variety of organs and tissues. It differs from other echinococcal disease because it shows tumor like behavior in the affected organ and tissues. The treatment of choice is concomitant medical therapy and resection with negative margins. Nevertheless, resection with the intent of negative margins (R0) may lead to serious complications such as liver failure. In the present case report, we used Associating Liver Partition and Portal Vein Ligation for Staged Hepatectomy (ALPPS) procedure, which was defined in 2012 by Schnitzbauer et al, in a 28-year-old male patient to avoid complications of major liver resection in order to treat alveolar echinococcosis...
January 27, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391760/clinical-advantages-of-single-port-laparoscopic-hepatectomy
#19
Jae Hyun Han, Young Kyoung You, Ho Joong Choi, Tae Ho Hong, Dong Goo Kim
AIM: To evaluate the clinical advantages of single-port laparoscopic hepatectomy (SPLH) compare to multi-port laparoscopic hepatectomy (MPLH). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 246 patients who underwent laparoscopic liver resection between January 2008 and December 2015 at our hospital. We divided the surgical technique into two groups; SPLH and MPLH. We performed laparoscopic liver resection for both benign and malignant disease. Major hepatectomy such as right and left hepatectomy was also done with sufficient disease-free margin...
January 21, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391100/robotic-minor-hepatectomy-offers-a-favorable-learning-curve-and-may-result-in-superior-perioperative-outcomes-compared-with-laparoscopic-approach
#20
Victoria V O'Connor, Brooke Vuong, Su-Tau Yang, Andrew DiFronzo
Minorhepatectomy (MH) is a common type of robotic-assisted liver resection, but few studies compared it with laparoscopic. We compared the perioperative outcomes of patients who underwent robotic (RH) or laparoscopic (LH) minor hepatectomy and evaluated the effect of surgeon's experience on outcomes. A prospective database was used to identify patients from 2009 through 2016 who underwent RH or LH. Two surgeons performed RH starting in 2014, whereas LH had been established before that. Of the 93 patients, 42 were in RH and 51 in LH group...
October 1, 2017: American Surgeon
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