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Complication liver resection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662687/efficacy-of-percutaneous-transhepatic-portal-vein-embolization-using-gelatin-sponge-particles-and-metal-coils
#1
Tomohiro Komada, Kojiro Suzuki, Takashi Mizuno, Tomoki Ebata, Masaya Matsushima, Shinji Naganawa, Masato Nagino
Background: Percutaneous transhepatic portal vein embolization (PTPE) can increase the future liver remnant (FLR) volume before extended liver resection; however, there is no current consensus regarding the best embolic material for PTPE. Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of PTPE using gelatin sponge particles and coils. Material and Methods: The medical records of 136 patients who underwent PTPE using gelatin sponge particles and metal coils were retrospectively reviewed...
April 2018: Acta Radiologica Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661564/a-new-technique-for-hepatic-parenchymal-transection-using-an-articulating-bipolar-5-cm-radiofrequency-device-results-from-the-first-100-procedures
#2
Hideo Takahashi, Muhammet Akyuz, Erol Aksoy, Federico Aucejo, Cristiano Quintini, Charles Miller, John Fung, Eren Berber
BACKGROUND: Parenchymal transection(PT) still remains a challenge in liver resection. The outcomes of the first experience of a novel vessel-sealer for hepatic transection were assessed. METHODS: A bipolar articulating vessel-sealer (Caiman® , Aesculap Inc., Center Valley, PA) was used in 100 liver resections through both open (OLR) and laparoscopic (LLR) approaches. All data were prospectively collected into an IRB-approved department database, and clinical, surgical and perioperative parameters were analyzed...
April 13, 2018: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659423/safety-and-efficacy-of-oki-stenting-used-to-treat-obstructions-in-the-right-mainstem-bronchus
#3
Levent Dalar, Yasin Abul
BACKGROUND: Silicone stenting has been used to palliatively manage respiratory symptoms in patients with airway stenoses. Oki and Saka recently developed stents that can be used to manage stenoses around the carina between the bronchus to the right upper lobe and the bronchus intermedius (termed the primary right carina). The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of Oki stenting used to treat airway stenosis around the primary right carina. METHODS: We included 5 patients with airway stenoses...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655493/hepatic-inflammatory-pseudotumor-related-with-igg4
#4
Oleksandr Legkiy, Justyna Wajda, Anna Ćwierz, Joanna Wysocka, Andrzej L Komorowski
BACKGROUND: Hepatic inflammatory pseudotumor (HIP) related to IgG4 is a poorly understood entity. It is a rare finding that can simulate malignant liver tumors. Pathogenesis has been associated with pathological inflammatory response. Corticosteroids are considered standard of care once a firm diagnosis has been established. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 60-year-old man with chronic pancreatitis who was admitted to our hospital with suspicious liver tumor. Imaging studies were inconclusive...
April 11, 2018: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650856/-a-case-of-performed-right-colectomy-with-pancreato-duodenectomy-for-transverse-colon-cancer-invased-to-duodenum
#5
Ryutaro Udo, Masanobu Enomoto, Kazushige Tsurui, Yuu Kuboyama, Hiroshi Kuwabara, Masatoshi Shigoka, Tetsuo Ishizaki, Kenji Katsumata, Hiyo Obikane, Akihiko Tsuchida
There is a clear consensus regarding the combined resection of organs with cancer invasion, patients with colon cancer. However, there are very few reports to our knowledge regarding the use of pancreato-duodenectomy(PD)for colon cancer patients with cancer invasion in the duodenum. We here report a colon cancer patient in whom we performed PD and right hemicolectomy, who showed favorable results with no recurrence. The patient was a 69-year-old woman. Her chief complaint was hypogastric pain. Her previous doctor performed colonoscopy and a colonoscopic biopsy, and detected a type 2 lesion, throughout the entire circumference of the transverse colon near the liver, and she was diagnosed with adenocarcinoma...
April 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648996/serum-procalcitonin-concentration-within-2-days-postoperatively-accurately-predicts-outcome-after-liver-resection
#6
Yuto Aoki, Nobuhiko Taniai, Masato Yoshioka, Youichi Kawano, Tetsuya Shimizu, Tomohiro Kanda, Ryota Kondo, Yohei Kaneya, Hiroyasu Furuki, Eiji Uchida
BACKGROUND: Relatively high mortality and morbidity rates are reported after liver resection (LR). However, the early predictors of complications after LR are not clear. This study was performed to clarify the usefulness of procalcitonin (PCT) for the early prediction of complications after elective LR. METHODS: This observational study included 72 consecutive patients who underwent elective LR from December 2015 to March 2017. Patients were categorized into two groups: those with and without postoperative complications (Clavien-Dindo grade ≥II)...
April 12, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644248/mri-and-pet-ct-failed-to-differentiate-between-hepatic-malignancy-and-brucelloma
#7
Peter W Schreiber, Adrian Schmid, Stefania Fagagnini, Arne Kröger, Bart Vrugt, Cäcilia S Reiner, Katia Boggian, Marc Schiesser, Beat Müllhaupt, Huldrych F Günthard
Brucellosis is a common, worldwide zoonosis. Clinical presentation is protean and often goes unrecognized. Hepatic brucelloma is a rare local complication of chronic brucellosis. We report a case in which magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography imaging prompted suspicion of a hepatic malignancy. Diagnosis was ultimately made by serology and polymerase chain reaction of resected liver tissue.
April 2018: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625899/safety-and-feasibility-of-elective-liver-resection-in-adult-jehovah-s-witnesses-the-henri-mondor-hospital-experience
#8
Chetana Lim, Chady Salloum, Francesco Esposito, Alexandros Giakoustidis, Toufic Moussallem, Michael Osseis, Eylon Lahat, Marc Lanteri-Minet, Daniel Azoulay
BACKGROUND: Elective liver resection (LR) in Jehovah's Witness (JW) patients, for whom transfusion is not an option, involves complex ethical and medical issues and surgical difficulties. METHODS: Consecutive data from a LR program for liver tumors in JWs performed between 2014 and 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. A systematic review of the literature with a pooled analysis was performed. RESULTS: Ten patients were included (median age = 61 years)...
April 3, 2018: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621745/associating-liver-partition-and-portal-vein-ligation-for-staged-hepatectomy-in-the-treatment-of-colorectal-liver-metastases-current-scenario
#9
Hauke Lang, Janine Baumgart, Jens Mittler
Associating Liver Partition and Portal vein ligation for Staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) has expanded the surgical armamentarium for patients with advanced and bilateral colorectal liver metastases. However, the enthusiasm that the medical fraternity had about ALPPS was hampered by a high mortality rate and early and frequent tumor recurrence. While surgical safety has improved, mainly due to technical refinements and a better patient selection, the oncological value in the face of early tumor recurrence remains unclear...
April 5, 2018: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621282/predictive-value-of-the-preoperative-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-for-the-development-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-hbv-associated-cirrhotic-patients-after-splenectomy
#10
Zhaoqing Du, Jian Dong, Jianbin Bi, Ruhai Bai, Jia Zhang, Zheng Wu, Yi Lv, Xufeng Zhang, Rongqian Wu
The neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), a simple marker of inflammation, has recently been showed to predict tumor recurrence in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients after hepatic resection or liver transplantation. However, whether it can be used to predict HCC development in cirrhotic patients remained unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of the preoperative NLR for the development of HCC in cirrhotic patients who underwent splenectomy. A total of 230 HBV-associated cirrhotic patients who underwent splenectomy in our hospital from January 2000 to December 2012 were included in this study...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619907/severe-atherosclerosis-in-donor-liver-vasculature-an-illustrative-case-report-and-review-of-the-literatur
#11
Ayokunle S Olowofela, Oscar K Serrano, Raja Kandaswamy
As the scarcity of transplantable organs continues to increase, juxtaposed with an aging donor population, transplant surgeons are increasingly confronted with marginal organ offers. The presence of atherosclerosis in the donor allograft has been shown to compromise the vascular integrity and predispose to vascular complications in the transplanted liver. Here, we present a case of 54-year-old brain-dead donor who was discovered to have a severely diseased aorta during organ recovery. Pathologic evaluation revealed severe atherosclerosis with calcifications...
April 4, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619422/the-molecular-adsorbent-recirculating-system-in-posthepatectomy-liver-failure-results-from-a-prospective-phase-i-study
#12
Stefan Gilg, Ernesto Sparrelid, Lars Saraste, Greg Nowak, Staffan Wahlin, Cecilia Strömberg, Lars Lundell, Bengt Isaksson
Posthepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) represents the single most important cause of postoperative mortality after major liver resection, yet no effective treatment option is available. Extracorporeal liver support devices might be helpful, but systematic studies are lacking. Accordingly, we aimed to assess the safety and feasibility of the Molecular Adsorbent Recirculating System (MARS) in patients with PHLF. Between December 2012 and May 2015, a total of 206 patients underwent major or extended hepatectomy, and 10 consecutive patients with PHLF (according to the Balzan 50:50 criteria) were enrolled into the study...
April 2018: Hepatology Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617036/ethanol-ablation-for-refractory-bile-leakage-after-complex-hepatectomy
#13
A Ito, T Ebata, Y Yokoyama, T Igami, T Mizuno, J Yamaguchi, S Onoe, M Nagino
BACKGROUND: Only a few reports exist on the use of ethanol ablation for posthepatectomy bile leakage. The aim of this study was to assess the value of ethanol ablation in refractory bile leakage. METHODS: Medical records of consecutive patients who underwent a first hepatobiliary resection with bilioenteric anastomosis between 2007 and 2016 were reviewed retrospectively, with special attention to bile leakage and ethanol ablation therapy. Bile leakage was graded as A/B1/B2 according to the International Study Group of Liver Surgery definition...
April 4, 2018: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610593/immunological-evaluation-of-surgical-stress-in-liver-resections
#14
Alexandru Munteanu, Gabriel Samasca, Iulia Lupan, Cornel Iancu
Surgery has its origins in caring for patients suffering from injury or infection. In the last decade, a huge amount of published data has been describing a wide range of conditions resulting from trauma or infection, from minor, local reactions to a surgical operation and leading to a systemic stress response, systemic inflammatory response and finally to multiple organ failure. Our aim was to highlight the main immunological aspects of liver resections. There are many types of liver resections, ranging from small, isolated resections for benign diseases (e...
December 2017: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609450/hepatopulmonary-syndrome-caused-by-hypothalamic-obesity-and-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-after-surgery-for-craniopharyngioma-a-case-report
#15
Dai Jung, Go Hun Seo, Yoon-Myung Kim, Jin-Ho Choi, Han-Wook Yoo
Hypothalamic obesity is often complicated in patients with craniopharyngioma due to hypothalamic damage by the tumor itself, treatment modalities, and associated multiple pituitary hormone deficiency. Hypothalamic obesity causes secondary diseases such as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and diabetes mellitus (DM). We report a 19-year-old female who was diagnosed with craniopharyngioma, developed hypothalamic obesity after tumor resection, and progressed to hepatopulmonary syndrome. She manifested NAFLD 1 year after tumor resection...
March 2018: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607581/roux-en-y-enterolith-leading-to-obstruction-and-ischemic-necrosis-after-pediatric-orthotopic-liver-transplantation
#16
Ralph C Quillin, Advaith Bongu, Vania Kasper, Jennifer M Vittorio, Mercedes Martinez, Steven J Lobritto, Adam D Griesemer, James V Guarrera
Biliary complications are a common cause of morbidity after liver transplantation, with biliary stone formation being a known occurrence generally upstream of a stricture. A 12-year-old boy, who underwent an orthotopic liver transplantation at 11 months of age for biliary atresia, presented acutely with fever and abdominal pain. Cross-sectional imaging revealed Roux-en-Y limb dilatation and thickening. He was explored and was found to have an ischemic Roux limb secondary to an obstructing enterolith. A segmental bowel resection and revision of his hepaticojejunostomy was performed...
April 1, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599836/acute-kidney-injury-following-the-first-stage-of-the-alpps-procedure-a-case-report
#17
Weijie Tao, Xiaoju Shi, Guangyi Wang
Associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) is a novel approach for performing liver resection, and the number of clinical applications of this technique has rapidly increased within recent years. ALPPS is important in patients who have insufficient residual liver volume and cannot undergo radical hepatic resection. The most common postoperative complications of ALPPS include biliary fistula and infection. To date, postoperative acute kidney injury following ALPPS has not been reported...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596123/fast-track-recovery-program-after-major-liver-resection-a-randomized-prospective-study
#18
Maria Kapritsou, Dimitrios P Korkolis, Margarita Giannakopoulou, Ioannis Kaklamanos, Maria Konstantinou, Theodoros Katsoulas, Panagiotis Kiekkas, Evangelos A Konstantinou
The objective of this study was to compare fast-track (FT) recovery protocol with the conventional one in patients treated with major liver resection by evaluating perioperative morbidity, length of hospitalization, and readmission rate. Sixty-two patients suffering from malignant liver tumors were surgically treated from May 2012 to April 2014. After randomization, they were prospectively divided into two groups: Group A patients (n = 32) followed FT recovery protocol and Group B patients (n = 30) were treated with the conventional (CON) protocol...
March 2018: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582746/intraoperative-cell-salvage-with-autologous-transfusion-in-elective-right-or-repeat-hepatectomy-a-propensity-score-matched-case-control-analysis
#19
Thomas Zacharias, Erich Ahlschwede, Nicole Dufour, Florence Romain, Odile Theissen-Laval
BACKGROUND: Liver resection may be associated with substantial blood loss, and cell saver use has been recommended for patients at high risk. We performed a study to compare the allogenic erythrocyte transfusion rate after liver resection between patients who had intraoperative cell salvage with a cell saver device versus patients who did not. Our hypothesis was that cell salvage with autologous transfusion would reduce the allogenic blood transfusion rate. METHODS: Cell salvage was used selectively in patients at high risk for intraoperative blood loss based on preoperatively known predictors: right and repeat hepatectomy...
April 2018: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580345/minimally-invasive-versus-open-simultaneous-resections-of-colorectal-cancer-and-synchronous-liver-metastases-a-meta-analysis
#20
Yulin Guo, Yunhe Gao, Guijin Chen, Chen Li, Guanglong Dong
The aim of this meta-analysis was to compare the efficacy and safety of simultaneous resections between the minimally invasive approach (MIA) and the open approach (OA) for patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) and synchronous colorectal liver metastases (SCRLM). A systematic search was conducted in the Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE and Ovid databases (until May 5, 2016). Studies comparing the perioperative results and long-term outcomes for patients undergoing simultaneous CRC and SCRLM resections between the two approaches were evaluated...
February 1, 2018: American Surgeon
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