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rehabilitation AND brain trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904755/paraplegia-caused-by-cerebral-contusions-in-the-bilateral-precentral-gyri
#1
Hideaki Matsumura, Hiroyuki Fujimori, Naoaki Sato, Akira Matsumura
BACKGROUND: Paraplegia is mainly caused by spinal cord disease and rarely occurs due to head trauma. In this report, we describe a case of paraplegia caused by cerebral contusions in the bilateral precentral gyri. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 72-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with mildly impaired consciousness and severe pure motor paralysis in both legs. He was healthy until the morning of the day, but his wife found him injured in front of his house upon returning home...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894286/the-family-experiences-of-in-hospital-care-questionnaire-in-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-fecq-tbi-a-validation-study
#2
Audny Anke, Unn Sollid Manskow, Oddgeir Friborg, Cecilie Røe, Cathrine Arntzen
BACKGROUND: Family members are important for support and care of their close relative after severe traumas, and their experiences are vital health care quality indicators. The objective was to describe the development of the Family Experiences of in-hospital Care Questionnaire for family members of patients with severe Traumatic Brain Injury (FECQ-TBI), and to evaluate its psychometric properties and validity. METHODS: The design of the study is a Norwegian multicentre study inviting 171 family members...
November 28, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867878/prevalence-of-hypothalamo-pituitary-dysfunction-in-patients-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#3
K V S Hari Kumar, M N Swamy, M A Khan
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is common in young soldiers of armed forces leading to significant morbidity and mortality. We studied the prevalence of hypopituitarism following TBI and its association with trauma severity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a 12-month prospective study of 56 TBI patients for the presence of hormonal dysfunction. Hormonal parameters were estimated during the early phase (0-10 days posttraumatically) and after 6 and 12 months...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834788/the-role-of-physical-exercise-in-cognitive-recovery-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#4
Timothy Morris, Joyce Gomes-Osman, David Costa-Miserachs, Alvaro Pascual-Leone
BACKGROUND: There is a growing body of evidence revealing exercise-induced effects on brain structure and cognitive function across the lifespan. Animal models of traumatic brain injury also suggest exercise is capable of modulating not only the pathophysiological changes following trauma but also the associated cognitive deficits. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of physical exercise on cognitive impairment following traumatic brain injury in humans. METHODS: A systematic search of the PubMed database was performed using the search terms "cognition" and "executive function, memory or attention", "traumatic brain injury" and "physical exercise"...
November 8, 2016: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805992/volumetric-analysis-of-day-of-injury-computed-tomography-is-associated-with-rehabilitation-outcomes-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#5
Sarah Majercik, Joseph Bledsoe, David Ryser, Ramona O Hopkins, Joseph E Fair, R Brock Frost, Joel MacDonald, Ryan Barrett, Susan Horn, David Pisani, Erin D Bigler, Scott Gardner, Mark Stevens, Michael J Larson
INTRODUCTION: Day-of-injury (DOI) brain lesion volumes in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients are rarely used to predict long-term outcomes in the acute setting. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between acute brain injury lesion volume and rehabilitation outcomes in patients with TBI at a Level One Trauma Center. METHODS: Patients with TBI who were admitted to our rehabilitation unit after the acute care trauma service from February 2009-July 2011 were eligible for the study...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796176/implementation-of-resource-facilitation-to-assess-referral-needs-and-promote-access-to-state-vocational-rehabilitation-services-in-people-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#6
Lynne C Davis, Angelle M Sander, Jay A Bogaards, Monique R Pappadis
Resource facilitation (RF) has shown promise for improving return to work (RTW) after traumatic brain injury (TBI), but little is known about the RF needs of people recruited from acute trauma settings. In this descriptive study, we sought to track referral needs, describe problems in accessing state vocational rehabilitation (VR) services, and highlight the role of RF in overcoming these difficulties in 45 adults with complicated mild to severe TBI seeking RTW who were recruited from acute trauma care. Participants received a referral to the state VR agency, along with RF services for up to one year...
October 31, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784200/prevalence-of-incomplete-functional-and-symptomatic-recovery-among-patients-with-head-injury-but-brain-injury-debatable-hibrid-running-title-outcomes-in-patients-with-head-injury-but-brain-injury-debatable
#7
Frederick Kofi Korley, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, Hayley J Falk, Matthew E Peters, Jeannie-Marie S Leoutsakos, Durga Roy, Vani Rao, Haris I Sair, Uju Ofoche, Anna J Hall, Freshta Akbari, Timothy E Van Meter, Allen D Everett, Jennifer Van Eyk, Kathleen T Bechtold
Head injury patients not meeting the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine (ACRM)'s criteria for mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), referred to hereafter as HIBRID (Head Injury BRain Injury Debatable) are often excluded from studies. The prognostic importance of HIBRID is unclear. We investigated the differences in functional and symptomatic recovery at one month after injury among TBI patients classified as: HIBRID, ACRM+ cranial CT-, and cranial CT+; and trauma and healthy controls. Subjects were enrolled in an ongoing prospective cohort (Head Injury Serum Markers for Assessing Response to Trauma, HeadSMART)...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757567/traumatic-atlanto-occipital-dislocation-in-children-a-case-based-update-on-clinical-characteristics-management-and-outcome
#8
Thomas Beez, Jennifer Brown
BACKGROUND: Atlanto-occipital dislocation (AOD) is a rare but severe sequela of high energy trauma. Children are at increased risk, due to their immature spine and biomechanical characteristics. LITERATURE REVIEW: The prevailing mechanism of injury is motor vehicle collision as passenger. AOD commonly presents with cardiorespiratory arrest, spinal cord injury or cranial nerve deficits. Concomitant injuries, such as traumatic brain injury, are frequently encountered...
October 18, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738078/early-physical-and-functional-rehabilitation-of-trauma-patients-in-the-m%C3%A3-decins-sans-fronti%C3%A3-res-trauma-centre-in-kunduz-afghanistan-luxury-or-necessity
#9
Bérangère Gohy, Engy Ali, Rafael Van den Bergh, Erin Schillberg, Masood Nasim, Muhammad Mahmood Naimi, Sophia Cheréstal, Pauline Falipou, Eric Weerts, Peter Skelton, Catherine Van Overloop, Miguel Trelles
BACKGROUND: In Afghanistan, Médecins Sans Frontières provided specialised trauma care in Kunduz Trauma Centre (KTC), including physiotherapy. In this study, we describe the development of an adapted functional score for patient outcome monitoring, and document the rehabilitation care provided and patient outcomes in relation to this functional score. METHODS: A descriptive cohort study was done, including all patients admitted in the KTC inpatient department (IPD) between January and June 2015...
November 2016: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725006/visuospatial-memory-improvement-in-patients-with-diffuse-axonal-injury-dai-a-1-year-follow-up-study
#10
Ana Luiza Zaninotto, Jessica Elias Vicentini, Davi Jorge Fontoura Solla, Tatiana Tateishi Silva, Vinicius Monteiro de Paula Guirado, Fabrício Feltrin, Mara Cristina Souza de Lucia, Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira, Wellingson Silva Paiva
OBJECTIVE: Diffuse axonal injury (DAI) is prevalent in traumatic brain injury (TBI), and is often associated with poor outcomes and cognitive impairment, including memory deficits. Few studies have explored visual memory after TBI and its relationship to executive functioning. Executive functioning is crucial for remembering an object's location, operating devices, driving, and route finding. We compared visual memory performance via the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure (ROCF) test 6 and 12 months after DAI...
October 11, 2016: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716269/user-involvement-and-experiential-knowledge-in-interprofessional-rehabilitation-a-grounded-theory-study
#11
Mirela Slomic, Bjørg Christiansen, Helene L Soberg, Unni Sveen
BACKGROUND: User involvement is increasingly important in developing relevant health care services. The aim of this study was to contribute to a deeper understanding of user involvement and patients' experiential knowledge as recognized and incorporated into clinical practice by rehabilitation professionals. METHODS: A qualitative design using a grounded theory approach was applied. Data were collected by observations of the interprofessional meetings at two rehabilitation units treating patients with traumatic brain injury and multiple trauma and by individual semi-structured interviews with rehabilitation professionals...
October 4, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709870/avoiding-errors-in-the-management-of-pediatric-polytrauma-patients
#12
Kenneth Chin, Joshua M Abzug, Donald S Bae, Bernard D Horn, Martin Herman, Craig P Eberson
Management of pediatric polytrauma patients is one of the most difficult challenges for orthopaedic surgeons. Multisystem injuries frequently include complex orthopaedic surgical problems that require intervention. The physiology and anatomy of children and adolescent trauma patients differ from the physiology and anatomy of an adult trauma patient, which alters the types of injuries sustained and the ideal methods for management. Errors of pediatric polytrauma care are included in two broad categories: missed injuries and inadequate fracture treatment...
February 15, 2016: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703960/effect-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-and-demographic-factors-on-psychological-outcome
#13
Elham Shafiei, Esmaeil Fakharian, Abdollah Omidi, Hossein Akbari, Ali Delpisheh
BACKGROUND: It is well-known that severe brain injury can make people susceptible to psychological symptoms. However, mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) is still open for discussion. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare psychological symptoms of MTBI patients with those without MTBI considering demographic auxiliary variables. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective cohort study was conducted on 50 MTBI patients and 50 healthy subjects aged 15 - 65 years...
June 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693618/abbreviated-environmental-enrichment-confers-neurobehavioral-cognitive-and-histological-benefits-in-brain-injured-female-rats
#14
Hannah L Radabaugh, Lauren J Carlson, Darik A O'Neil, Megan J LaPorte, Christina M Monaco, Jeffrey P Cheng, Patricia B de la Tremblaye, Naima Lajud, Corina O Bondi, Anthony E Kline
Environmental enrichment (EE) promotes behavioral recovery after experimental traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, the chronic rehabilitation provided in the laboratory is not analogous to the clinic where physiotherapy is typically limited. Moreover, females make up approximately 40% of the clinical TBI population, yet they are seldom studied in brain trauma. Hence, the goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that abbreviated EE would confer neurobehavioral, cognitive, and histological benefits in brain injured female rats...
December 2016: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690229/the-utilization-of-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-hemophilia-a-in-taiwan-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#15
Chien-Min Chen, Yao-Hsu Yang, Chia-Hao Chang, Chih-Cheng Chen, Pau-Chung Chen
INTRODUCTION: Rehabilitation plays an important role in the physical health of patients with hemophilia. However, comprehensive information regarding the utilization of rehabilitation for such patients remains scarce. AIM: This population-based study aimed to examine the characteristics, trends, and most important factors affecting rehabilitation usage in patients with hemophilia A using a nationwide database in Taiwan. METHODS: Data from 777 patients with hemophilia A who were registered in the National Health Insurance Research Database between 1998 and 2008 were analyzed using SAS 9...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677675/evolution-of-severe-sleep-wake-cycle-disturbances-following-traumatic-brain-injury-a-case-study-in-both-acute-and-subacute-phases-post-injury
#16
Catherine Duclos, Marie Dumont, Marie-Julie Potvin, Alex Desautels, Danielle Gilbert, David K Menon, Francis Bernard, Nadia Gosselin
BACKGROUND: Sleep-wake disturbances are frequently reported following traumatic brain injury (TBI), but they remain poorly documented in the acute stage of injury. Little is known about their origin and evolution. CASE PRESENTATION: This study presents the case of a patient in the acute phase of a severe TBI. The patient was injured at work when falling 12 m into a mine and was hospitalized in the regular wards of a level I trauma centre. From days 31 to 45 post-injury, once he had reached a level of medical stability and continuous analgosedation had been ceased, his sleep-wake cycle was monitored using actigraphy...
September 27, 2016: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676785/physical-and-rehabilitation-medicine-management-of-heterotopic-ossification-in-brain-injury
#17
Khawla Achour, Eya Mersni, Bassem Krifa, Emna Bahlouli, Sonia Lebib, Catherine Dziri
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to determine the epidemiological and characteristics and the therapeutic modalities of heterotopic ossification in brain injury. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study conducted between January 2010 and January 2016, including patients hospitalized for management of sequelae of an isolated head injury or associated with multiple trauma, and in whom the diagnosis of of heterotopic ossification (HO) was increased. A review of epidemiological data (including age, sex, occupation, type of neurological injury, discovering circumstances of HO), clinical data, the therapeutic choice and evolutivity...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676779/academic-outcome-participation-and-health-related-quality-of-life-following-childhood-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-results-of-a-prospective-longitudinal-study-the-seven-year-follow-up-of-the-tge-cohort
#18
Mathilde Chevignard, Leila Francillette, Hanna Toure, Dominique Brugel, Philippe Meyer, Anne Laurent Vannier, Marion Opatowski, Laurence Watier
OBJECTIVE: Childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the first cause of death and acquired disability and it represents a major public health issue. Childhood severe TBI can lead to motor, cognitive, behavioural and social cognition deficits, which have consequences on academic achievement, social integration, participation and quality of life. Consequences may only appear after a delay, when the skills are supposed to be fully developed. The aim of this study was to prospectively assess academic outcome, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), amount of ongoing care and participation, following childhood severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) over 7-8years post-injury, in comparison with a matched uninjured control group...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664871/insurance-status-and-race-affect-treatment-and-outcome-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
Kaitlyn McQuistion, Tiffany Zens, Hee Soo Jung, Megan Beems, Glen Leverson, Amy Liepert, John Scarborough, Suresh Agarwal
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that race and socioeconomic factors affect patient outcomes after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Our goal was to assess the effect of race, ethnicity and insurance status on hospital length of stay, procedures performed, mortality, and discharge disposition after TBI. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study using the National Trauma Data Bank (2002-2012) to analyze patients aged 14-89 y with one of five closed head injuries...
October 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664299/intermittent-treatment-with-haloperidol-or-quetiapine-does-not-disrupt-motor-and-cognitive-recovery-after-experimental-brain-trauma
#20
Jillian J Weeks, Lauren J Carlson, Hannah L Radabaugh, Patricia B de la Tremblaye, Corina O Bondi, Anthony E Kline
Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-induced agitation and aggression pose major obstacles to clinicians in the acute hospital and rehabilitation settings. Thus, management of these symptoms is crucial. Antipsychotic drugs (APDs) are a common treatment approach for alleviating these symptoms. However, previous preclinical TBI studies have indicated that daily and chronic administration of these drugs (e.g., haloperidol; HAL) can exacerbate cognitive and motor deficits. Quetiapine (QUE) is an atypical APD that differs from many typical APDs, such as HAL, in its relatively rapid dissociation from the D2 receptor...
September 21, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
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