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rehabilitation AND brain trauma

Thomas Beez, Jennifer Brown
BACKGROUND: Atlanto-occipital dislocation (AOD) is a rare but severe sequela of high energy trauma. Children are at increased risk, due to their immature spine and biomechanical characteristics. LITERATURE REVIEW: The prevailing mechanism of injury is motor vehicle collision as passenger. AOD commonly presents with cardiorespiratory arrest, spinal cord injury or cranial nerve deficits. Concomitant injuries, such as traumatic brain injury, are frequently encountered...
October 18, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Bérangère Gohy, Engy Ali, Rafael Van den Bergh, Erin Schillberg, Masood Nasim, Muhammad Mahmood Naimi, Sophia Cheréstal, Pauline Falipou, Eric Weerts, Peter Skelton, Catherine Van Overloop, Miguel Trelles
BACKGROUND: In Afghanistan, Médecins Sans Frontières provided specialised trauma care in Kunduz Trauma Centre (KTC), including physiotherapy. In this study, we describe the development of an adapted functional score for patient outcome monitoring, and document the rehabilitation care provided and patient outcomes in relation to this functional score. METHODS: A descriptive cohort study was done, including all patients admitted in the KTC inpatient department (IPD) between January and June 2015...
October 13, 2016: International Health
Ana Luiza Zaninotto, Jessica Elias Vicentini, Davi Jorge Fontoura Solla, Tatiana Tateishi Silva, Vinicius Monteiro de Paula Guirado, Fabrício Feltrin, Mara Cristina Souza de Lucia, Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira, Wellingson Silva Paiva
OBJECTIVE: Diffuse axonal injury (DAI) is prevalent in traumatic brain injury (TBI), and is often associated with poor outcomes and cognitive impairment, including memory deficits. Few studies have explored visual memory after TBI and its relationship to executive functioning. Executive functioning is crucial for remembering an object's location, operating devices, driving, and route finding. We compared visual memory performance via the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure (ROCF) test 6 and 12 months after DAI...
October 11, 2016: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
Mirela Slomic, Bjørg Christiansen, Helene L Soberg, Unni Sveen
BACKGROUND: User involvement is increasingly important in developing relevant health care services. The aim of this study was to contribute to a deeper understanding of user involvement and patients' experiential knowledge as recognized and incorporated into clinical practice by rehabilitation professionals. METHODS: A qualitative design using a grounded theory approach was applied. Data were collected by observations of the interprofessional meetings at two rehabilitation units treating patients with traumatic brain injury and multiple trauma and by individual semi-structured interviews with rehabilitation professionals...
October 4, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Kenneth Chin, Joshua M Abzug, Donald S Bae, Bernard D Horn, Martin Herman, Craig P Eberson
Management of pediatric polytrauma patients is one of the most difficult challenges for orthopaedic surgeons. Multisystem injuries frequently include complex orthopaedic surgical problems that require intervention. The physiology and anatomy of children and adolescent trauma patients differ from the physiology and anatomy of an adult trauma patient, which alters the types of injuries sustained and the ideal methods for management. Errors of pediatric polytrauma care are included in two broad categories: missed injuries and inadequate fracture treatment...
February 15, 2016: Instructional Course Lectures
Elham Shafiei, Esmaeil Fakharian, Abdollah Omidi, Hossein Akbari, Ali Delpisheh
BACKGROUND: It is well-known that severe brain injury can make people susceptible to psychological symptoms. However, mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) is still open for discussion. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare psychological symptoms of MTBI patients with those without MTBI considering demographic auxiliary variables. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective cohort study was conducted on 50 MTBI patients and 50 healthy subjects aged 15 - 65 years...
June 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
Hannah L Radabaugh, Lauren J Carlson, Darik A O'Neil, Megan J LaPorte, Christina M Monaco, Jeffrey P Cheng, Patricia B de la Tremblaye, Naima Lajud, Corina O Bondi, Anthony E Kline
Environmental enrichment (EE) promotes behavioral recovery after experimental traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, the chronic rehabilitation provided in the laboratory is not analogous to the clinic where physiotherapy is typically limited. Moreover, females make up approximately 40% of the clinical TBI population, yet they are seldom studied in brain trauma. Hence, the goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that abbreviated EE would confer neurobehavioral, cognitive, and histological benefits in brain injured female rats...
September 28, 2016: Experimental Neurology
Chien-Min Chen, Yao-Hsu Yang, Chia-Hao Chang, Chih-Cheng Chen, Pau-Chung Chen
INTRODUCTION: Rehabilitation plays an important role in the physical health of patients with hemophilia. However, comprehensive information regarding the utilization of rehabilitation for such patients remains scarce. AIM: This population-based study aimed to examine the characteristics, trends, and most important factors affecting rehabilitation usage in patients with hemophilia A using a nationwide database in Taiwan. METHODS: Data from 777 patients with hemophilia A who were registered in the National Health Insurance Research Database between 1998 and 2008 were analyzed using SAS 9...
2016: PloS One
Catherine Duclos, Marie Dumont, Marie-Julie Potvin, Alex Desautels, Danielle Gilbert, David K Menon, Francis Bernard, Nadia Gosselin
BACKGROUND: Sleep-wake disturbances are frequently reported following traumatic brain injury (TBI), but they remain poorly documented in the acute stage of injury. Little is known about their origin and evolution. CASE PRESENTATION: This study presents the case of a patient in the acute phase of a severe TBI. The patient was injured at work when falling 12 m into a mine and was hospitalized in the regular wards of a level I trauma centre. From days 31 to 45 post-injury, once he had reached a level of medical stability and continuous analgosedation had been ceased, his sleep-wake cycle was monitored using actigraphy...
September 27, 2016: BMC Neurology
Khawla Achour, Eya Mersni, Bassem Krifa, Emna Bahlouli, Sonia Lebib, Catherine Dziri
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to determine the epidemiological and characteristics and the therapeutic modalities of heterotopic ossification in brain injury. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study conducted between January 2010 and January 2016, including patients hospitalized for management of sequelae of an isolated head injury or associated with multiple trauma, and in whom the diagnosis of of heterotopic ossification (HO) was increased. A review of epidemiological data (including age, sex, occupation, type of neurological injury, discovering circumstances of HO), clinical data, the therapeutic choice and evolutivity...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Mathilde Chevignard, Leila Francillette, Hanna Toure, Dominique Brugel, Philippe Meyer, Anne Laurent Vannier, Marion Opatowski, Laurence Watier
OBJECTIVE: Childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the first cause of death and acquired disability and it represents a major public health issue. Childhood severe TBI can lead to motor, cognitive, behavioural and social cognition deficits, which have consequences on academic achievement, social integration, participation and quality of life. Consequences may only appear after a delay, when the skills are supposed to be fully developed. The aim of this study was to prospectively assess academic outcome, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), amount of ongoing care and participation, following childhood severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) over 7-8years post-injury, in comparison with a matched uninjured control group...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Kaitlyn McQuistion, Tiffany Zens, Hee Soo Jung, Megan Beems, Glen Leverson, Amy Liepert, John Scarborough, Suresh Agarwal
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that race and socioeconomic factors affect patient outcomes after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Our goal was to assess the effect of race, ethnicity and insurance status on hospital length of stay, procedures performed, mortality, and discharge disposition after TBI. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study using the National Trauma Data Bank (2002-2012) to analyze patients aged 14-89 y with one of five closed head injuries...
October 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Jillian J Weeks, Lauren J Carlson, Hannah L Radabaugh, Patricia B de la Tremblaye, Corina O Bondi, Anthony E Kline
Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-induced agitation and aggression pose major obstacles to clinicians in the acute hospital and rehabilitation settings. Thus, management of these symptoms is crucial. Antipsychotic drugs (APDs) are a common treatment approach for alleviating these symptoms. However, previous preclinical TBI studies have indicated that daily and chronic administration of these drugs (e.g., haloperidol; HAL) can exacerbate cognitive and motor deficits. Quetiapine (QUE) is an atypical APD that differs from many typical APDs, such as HAL, in its relatively rapid dissociation from the D2 receptor...
September 21, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
J Ushiba, S R Soekadar
Noninvasive brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) are typically associated with neuroprosthetic applications or communication aids developed to assist in daily life after loss of motor function, eg, in severe paralysis. However, BMI technology has recently been found to be a powerful tool to promote neural plasticity facilitating motor recovery after brain damage, eg, due to stroke or trauma. In such BMI paradigms, motor cortical output and input are simultaneously activated, for instance by translating motor cortical activity associated with the attempt to move the paralyzed fingers into actual exoskeleton-driven finger movements, resulting in contingent visual and somatosensory feedback...
2016: Progress in Brain Research
Fred S McLafferty, Galinos Barmparas, Alicia Ortega, Pamela Roberts, Ara Ko, Megan Harada, Miriam Nuño, Keith L Black, Eric J Ley
OBJECTIVE: To determine factors associated with response to inpatient rehabilitation treatment among TBI patients. SETTING: Inpatient rehabilitation service at a Level I trauma center. PARTICIPANTS: Moderate-severe TBI patients ages ≥ 18years old admitted between January 1, 2002 and December 31, 2012. MAIN MEASURES: Response to inpatient rehabilitation, measured by the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) score. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study...
July 15, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
Maryse C Cnossen, Suzanne Polinder, Hester F Lingsma, Andrew I R Maas, David Menon, Ewout W Steyerberg
INTRODUCTION: The strength of evidence underpinning care and treatment recommendations in traumatic brain injury (TBI) is low. Comparative effectiveness research (CER) has been proposed as a framework to provide evidence for optimal care for TBI patients. The first step in CER is to map the existing variation. The aim of current study is to quantify variation in general structural and process characteristics among centers participating in the Collaborative European NeuroTrauma Effectiveness Research in Traumatic Brain Injury (CENTER-TBI) study...
2016: PloS One
Lili Li, Hongxing Li, Kongbin Yang
Penetrating head and neck trauma could cause significant mortality because of many important structures located in the brain and neck. Although high-velocity penetrating brain injury is often reported, reports of low-velocity, combined head and neck penetrating injury are rare. Hereby, the authors present a case of an old man who had encountered a serious accident, a 29-cm iron fork penetrated into his neck, through the skull base and into brain. After treatment by multidisciplinary team, the patient was in rehabilitation...
September 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Tatsuhiro Fujii, Gabriela Moriel, Daniel R Kramer, Frank Attenello, Gabriel Zada
Over the past several decades, the rate of traumatic brain injury (TBI)-related emergency room visits in the United States has steadily increased, yet mortality in these patients has decreased. This improvement in outcome is largely due to advances in prehospital care, intensive care unit management, and the effectiveness of neurosurgical procedures, such as decompressive craniectomies. It is imperative to identify clinical factors predictive of patients who benefit from early mobilization of resources and operative treatment...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Rahel Schumacher, Bernhard Walder, Cécile Delhumeau, René M Müri
OBJECTIVE: To describe the discharge destination of patients with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) after acute care. To identify predictors associated with inpatient rehabilitation (vs discharge home) and to identify predictors associated with neurorehabilitation (vs general rehabilitation). METHODS: A national, multi-centre, prospective study with adult survivors after sTBI (abbreviated injury scale head score > 3). Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models included patient characteristics, pre-injury conditions, initial neuro-physiological assessment, trauma mechanisms, severity of TBI and pre-hospital conditions to find predictors of discharge destination...
2016: Brain Injury: [BI]
Alessandro Caporlingua, Federico Caporlingua, Jacopo Lenzi
Nonmissile orbitocranial penetrating brain injuries are uncommonly dealt with in a civilian context. Surgical management is controversial, due to the lack of widely accepted guidelines. A 52-year-old man was hit in his left eye by a metallic foreign body (FB). Head computed tomography (CT) scan showed a left subcortical parietal FB with a considerable hemorrhagic trail originating from the left orbital roof. Surgical treatment was staged; an exenteratio oculi and a left parietal craniotomy to extract the FB under intraoperative CT guidance were performed at post trauma day third and sixth, respectively...
July 2016: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
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