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Physical rehabilitation and dementia

Shigeya Tanaka, Shin Honda, Hajime Nakano, Yuko Sato, Kazufumi Araya, Haruyasu Yamaguchi
AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of rehabilitation involving group and personal sessions on demented participants. METHODS: This single-blinded randomized controlled trial included 60 elderly participants with dementia in a geriatric health service facility, or R oken. Staff members, who did not participate in the intervention, examined cognitive function, mood, communication ability, severity of dementia, objective quality of life, vitality, and daily behaviour...
September 9, 2016: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
Vicky Booth, Victoria Hood, Fiona Kearney
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment is a risk factor for falls. Older adults with cognitive impairment (such as dementia) have an increased risk of falling compared with age-matched individuals without a cognitive impairment. To reduce falls in this population, interventions could theoretically target and train both physical and cognitive abilities. Combining and addressing cognitive components in falls rehabilitation is a novel and emerging area of healthcare. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to identify the effectiveness of combined cognitive and physical interventions on the risk of falls in cognitively impaired older adults...
May 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Christina J Perry
Alcohol consumption triggers a neuroinflammatory response which, if prolonged, can lead to substantial volume loss in both gray and white matter. This brain injury is associated with characteristic cognitive deficits, and, in extreme cases, with dementia. Even mild cognitive impairment creates a significant hurdle for alcohol rehabilitation, because the domains that are affected tend to be those important for sustaining abstinence. Thus, cognitive decline induced by alcohol contributes to the persistence of alcoholism...
November 2016: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
Tamlyn J Watermeyer, John V Hindle, Julie Roberts, Catherine L Lawrence, Anthony Martyr, Huw Lloyd-Williams, Andrew Brand, Petra Gutting, Zoe Hoare, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards, Linda Clare
Alongside the physical symptoms associated with Parkinson's disease dementia and dementia with Lewy bodies, health services must also address the cognitive impairments that accompany these conditions. There is growing interest in the use of nonpharmacological approaches to managing the consequences of cognitive disorder. Cognitive rehabilitation is a goal-orientated behavioural intervention which aims to enhance functional independence through the use of strategies specific to the individual's needs and abilities...
2016: Parkinson's Disease
Giuseppe Bellelli, Alessandro Morandi, Simona G Di Santo, Andrea Mazzone, Antonio Cherubini, Enrico Mossello, Mario Bo, Angelo Bianchetti, Renzo Rozzini, Ermellina Zanetti, Massimo Musicco, Alberto Ferrari, Nicola Ferrara, Marco Trabucchi
BACKGROUND: To date, delirium prevalence in adult acute hospital populations has been estimated generally from pooled findings of single-center studies and/or among specific patient populations. Furthermore, the number of participants in these studies has not exceeded a few hundred. To overcome these limitations, we have determined, in a multicenter study, the prevalence of delirium over a single day among a large population of patients admitted to acute and rehabilitation hospital wards in Italy...
2016: BMC Medicine
Elizabeth B Fauth, Sydney Y Schaefer, Steven H Zarit, Marie Ernsth-Bravell, Boo Johansson
OBJECTIVE: Fine motor ability (FMA) is essential in certain activities of daily living (ADL) and is considered mostly as a component of physical function. We hypothesize that cognitive ability explains significant variance in ADL-related FMA, above and beyond what is explained by physical ability (grip strength). METHOD: Origins of Variance in the Old Old Study (OCTO)-Twin participants (n = 218), aged 80+ (dementia, stroke, Parkinson's disease excluded) were assessed on depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale [CES-D]), a cognitive battery, grip strength, and FMA...
June 22, 2016: Journal of Aging and Health
Valerie A J Block, Erica Pitsch, Peggy Tahir, Bruce A C Cree, Diane D Allen, Jeffrey M Gelfand
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review of studies using remote physical activity monitoring in neurological diseases, highlighting advances and determining gaps. METHODS: Studies were systematically identified in PubMed/MEDLINE, CINAHL and SCOPUS from January 2004 to December 2014 that monitored physical activity for ≥24 hours in adults with neurological diseases. Studies that measured only involuntary motor activity (tremor, seizures), energy expenditure or sleep were excluded...
2016: PloS One
Ichiro Yoshii, Yoshinori Satake, Kenichi Kitaoka, Makoto Komatsu, Kyuichi Hashimoto
BACKGROUND: Proximal femoral fracture (PFF) is one of the most serious injury-related problems in developed countries. Functional prognosis after operation for PFF is unsatisfactory, as a considerable number of patients cannot perform similar gait function before fracture. Postoperative gait function is a key in performing activities of daily living (ADL). It is well known that PFF patients with dementia result in worse prognosis compared to without dementia. It is believed that dementia affects gait function after operation...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Daniele Lo Coco, Gianluca Lopez, Salvatore Corrao
We reviewed current knowledge about the interaction between stroke and vascular risk factors and the development of cognitive impairment and dementia. Stroke is increasingly recognized as an important cause of cognitive problems and has been implicated in the development of both Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia. The prevalence of cognitive impairment after stroke is high, and their combined effects significantly increase the cost of care and health resource utilization, with reflections on hospital readmissions and increased mortality rates...
2016: Vascular Health and Risk Management
Ewa Zasadzka, Sylwia Kropińska, Mariola Pawlaczyk, Roma Krzymińska-Siemaszko, Przemysław Lisiński, Katarzyna Wieczorowska-Tobis
Purpose] The aim of the study was to analyze the impact of inpatient rehabilitation on the functional status of the elderly. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 100 patients (>65 years of age) in a rehabilitation ward were enrolled in this study. Age, absence of depression and signs of dementia in screening tests constituted the inclusion criteria. A comprehensive geriatric assessment was performed of all of the subjects twice, at the beginning and end of hospitalization (Assessments I and II, respectively), and included fall risk assessment (Timed Up and Go Test, TUG), evaluation of physical function (Short Physical Performance Battery Test, SPPB), the handgrip strength test, as well as patients' self-reports of pain intensity, well-being and functional status...
January 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Marja-Liisa Laakkonen, Hannu Kautiainen, Eeva Hölttä, Niina Savikko, Reijo S Tilvis, Timo E Strandberg, Kaisu H Pitkälä
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of self-management group rehabilitation for persons with dementia (PwD) and their spouses on their health-related quality of life (HRQoL), the cognition of the PwD, and the costs of health and social services. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Primary care and memory clinics in the Helsinki metropolitan area, Finland. PARTICIPANTS: PwD (N = 136) and their spouses (N = 136)...
April 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Etsuro Mori
Vascular dementia is an umbrella term, encompassing the pathological changes in the brain due to cerebrovascular disease that result in dementia. Vascular dementia is the second most common form of dementia, after Alzheimer's disease. In this paper, I outline the concept of vascular dementia, the key aspects of the disease that are yet to be clarified, and the current status of clinical trials. Assessing these factors, I discuss how treatable vascular dementia presently is. Use of the term'vascular dementia'is riddled with uncertainties regarding disease classification, and non-standardized diagnostic criteria...
April 2016: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
John V Hindle, Tamlyn J Watermeyer, Julie Roberts, Anthony Martyr, Huw Lloyd-Williams, Andrew Brand, Petra Gutting, Zoe Hoare, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards, Linda Clare
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in developing non-pharmacological treatments to address the cognitive deficits apparent in Parkinson's disease dementia and dementia with Lewy bodies. Cognitive rehabilitation is a goal-oriented behavioural intervention which focuses on improving everyday functioning through management of cognitive difficulties; it has been shown to be effective in Alzheimer's disease. To date, no studies have assessed its potential efficacy for addressing the impact of cognitive impairment in people with Parkinson's disease or dementia with Lewy bodies...
2016: Trials
S W Muir-Hunter, G Lim Fat, R Mackenzie, J Wells, M Montero-Odasso
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the magnitude of functional recovery in older adults with and without dementia admitted to an inpatient geriatric rehabilitation program by measuring change in measures of global physical function and physical therapy treatment outcomes. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Rehabilitation academic hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive subjects, with (N=65, age 81.9±6.0 y) and without (N=157, age 82...
April 2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Laura Tay, Wee Shiong Lim, Mark Chan, Noorhazlina Ali, Mei Sian Chong
BACKGROUND: Gait disorders are common in early dementia, with particularly pronounced dual-task deficits, contributing to the increased fall risk and mobility decline associated with cognitive impairment. OBJECTIVE: This study examines the effects of a combined cognitive stimulation and physical exercise programme (MINDVital) on gait performance under single- and dual-task conditions in older adults with mild dementia. METHODS: Thirty-nine patients with early dementia participated in a multi-disciplinary rehabilitation programme comprising both physical exercise and cognitive stimulation...
February 26, 2016: Gerontology
Eva S van der Ploeg, Angela Hoorweg, Jacqueline van der Lee
Cognitive impairment associated with dementia is characterized by a continuous decline. Cognitive training is a method to train specific brain functions such as memory and attention to prevent or slow down cognitive decline. A small number of studies has shown that cognitive training on a computer has a positive effect on both cognition and mood in people with cognitive impairment. This pilot study tested if serious games could be integrated in a psychogeriatric rehabilitation center. Fourteen psychogeriatric patients participated twice weekly in cognitive training sessions on a computer...
April 2016: Tijdschrift Voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie
Rebecca Mitchell, Lara Harvey, Henry Brodaty, Brian Draper, Jacqueline Close
BACKGROUND: For older individuals who sustain a hip fracture, the presence of dementia can influence their access to hospital-based rehabilitation. PURPOSE: This study compares the characteristics and health outcomes of individuals with and without dementia following a hip fracture; and access to, and outcomes following, hospital-based rehabilitation in a population-based cohort. METHOD: An examination of hip fractures involving individuals aged 65 years and older with and without dementia using linked hospitalisation, rehabilitation and mortality records during 2009-2013...
November 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Ying Zhou, Hein Putter, Gabriele Doblhammer
BACKGROUND: Dementia and care need are challenging aging populations worldwide. Lower extremity injury (LEI) in the elderly makes matters worse. Using a multi-state approach, we express the effect of LEI on dementia, care need, and mortality in terms of remaining life expectancy at age 75 (rLE) and years of life lost (YLL). METHODS: A population-based random sample of beneficiaries aged 75-95 years was drawn from the largest public health insurer in Germany in 2004 and followed until 2010 (N 62,103; Mean Age ± SD 81...
2016: BMC Geriatrics
Anaïck Perrochon, Achille E Tchalla, Joelle Bonis, Florian Perucaud, Stéphane Mandigout
BACKGROUND: Exercise programs are presumed to rehabilitate gait disorders and to reduce the risk of falling in dementia patients. This study aimed to analyze the specific effects of multicomponent exercise on gait disorders and to determine the association between gait impairments and the risk of falling in dementia patients before and after intervention. METHODS: We conducted an 8-week multicomponent exercise program in 16 dementia patients (age 86.7 ± 5.4 years)...
September 2015: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra
Justin Chew, Mei-Sian Chong, Yoke-Leng Fong, Laura Tay
BACKGROUND: Nonpharmacological interventions such as exercise and cognitive rehabilitation programs have shown promise in reducing the impact of dementia on the individual and the caregiver. In this study, we examine the effect of a multimodal cognitive and physical rehabilitation program for persons with mild dementia and their caregivers using conventional measures of cognition, behavior, quality of life (QoL), and caregiver burden together with goal attainment scaling (GAS), an individualized outcome measure...
2015: Clinical Interventions in Aging
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