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Nurse practitioner scope of practice

Patricia Pittman, Brandi Leach, Chris Everett, Xinxin Han, Debra McElroy
As hospitals' interest in nurse practitioners (NPs) and physician assistants (PAs) grows, their leadership is eager to know how their medical staffing privileging policies for these professionals compare to peer hospitals. This study assesses the extent of variation of these policies in four clinical areas and examines whether the differences are associated with state scope of practice laws for NPs and PAs. We also examine the relationship of NP and PA privileging policies to each other. Our analysis finds no evidence that hospital privileging is associated with state scope of practice, and indeed within-state variation is more significant than cross-state variation...
February 1, 2018: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
Sue Bagley
Since the 1980s, the emergency nurse practitioner (ENP) role has evolved as increasing socioeconomic pressures and changing government policy have led to new working practices in emergency departments. Similarly, a lack of consensus regarding educational support for ENPs and the regulation of ENP training, mean that variations remain in the scope of practice, role description and academic requirements for ENPs. AIM: To explore ENPs' perceptions of their changing role, including their educational requirements and whether their training needs are being met...
February 21, 2018: Nursing Standard
Peter R Giacobbi, Jonathan Stewart, Keeley Chaffee, Anna-Marie Jaeschke, Meagan Stabler, George A Kelley
Introduction: Guided imagery involves the controlled visualization of detailed mental images. This integrative health technique is used for healing, health maintenance, or the treatment of specific conditions. Guided imagery is an integral part of mindfulness meditation, hypnosis, and various relaxation exercises. However, evidence to support the widespread use and dissemination of guided imagery interventions has been lacking. The purposes of this scoping review were to document the scope of health outcomes and disease processes examined by guided imagery researchers and the journal outlets where this work has been published...
December 2017: Progress in Preventive Medicine
Pamela S Dickerson, Jennifer Graebe
This article addresses how nursing professional development practitioners can meet educational design criterion 1 in the American Nurses Credentialing Center Primary Accreditation process and standards 1 and 2 in the Association for Nursing Professional Development Scope and Standards of Practice. J Contin Educ Nurs. 2018;49(1):4-6.
January 1, 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
Monique Benoit, Roger Pilon, Anne-Marise Lavoie, Pierre Pariseau-Legault
OBJECTIVE: The Naylor Report (2015) states that nurse practitioners (NP) are still underutilized in Canada despite positive evidence of their work and the benefits they provide to health systems and, more generally, the health of the population. METHODS: Why are nurse practitioners not more actively involved in the Canadian health care system? A socio-historical literature review showed that there is overlap, interdependence or complementarity between the role of NPs and that of other health professionals and that this concerns their status, training as well as the scope of their practice...
December 5, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
Aislynn Moyer, Jennifer Graebe
This article addresses how nursing professional development practitioners and nurse planners can meet the educational design process criterion 2 in the American Nurses Credentialing Center Primary Accreditation process that also corresponds with the Association for Nursing Professional Development's Scope and Standards of Practice. J Contin Educ Nurs. 2018;49(2):52-54.
February 1, 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
Allyn Walsh, Ainsley Moore, Jennifer Everson, Katharine DeCaire
OBJECTIVES: To understand how implementing a daily team huddle affected the function of a complex interprofessional team including learners. DESIGN: A qualitative descriptive study using semi-structured interviews in focus groups. SETTING: An academic general practice teaching practice. PARTICIPANTS: All members of one interprofessional team, including nurses, general practitioners, junior doctors, and support staff...
January 21, 2018: Education for Primary Care
Joanes Faustine Mboineki, Weihong Zhang
BACKGROUND: The Tanzanian health sector suffers from shortages of healthcare workers as well as uneven distribution of healthcare workers in urban and rural areas. Task shifting-delegation of tasks from professionals to other healthcare team members with less training, such as medical attendants-is practiced, compromising quality of care. Advanced practice nursing is underutilized. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the views of nurses and physicians on current responses to shortages of healthcare workers and the potential for utilization of advanced practice nurses...
January 2018: Nursing Research
Kylee A Funk, Krystalyn K Weaver
OBJECTIVES: The authors share their knowledge about partnering and establishing collaborative practice agreements with nurse practitioners. State laws and regulations were reviewed that affect pharmacists' ability to fully partner with nurse practitioners. SUMMARY: Nurse practitioners' role in primary care is growing, and, in many states, nurse practitioners practice independently. Collaborative practice agreements (CPAs) enable pharmacists to work with prescribers more efficiently...
January 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Tina Sweeney Haney, Pamela B Sharp, Christianne Nesbitt, Rebecca Deal Poston
BACKGROUND: Most graduate nursing education curricula naturally segregate students by role as they move into their role-specific coursework and clinical experiences. Segregation diminishes the opportunity for students to form important intraprofessional relationships. Intraprofessional collaboration can potentiate the influence of advanced practice nurses on individual patients, patient populations, and larger health care systems. METHOD: This pilot program paired clinical nurse specialists and nurse practitioner students in immersion clinical practicum experiences aimed to increase their understanding of each other's role and potential avenues for collaboration in future practice...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
Rachel King, Angela Tod, Tom Sanders
The NHS in the UK is under increasing pressure as a result of financial and recruitment issues, as well as an ageing population. Nursing has continued to adapt to this challenging time. Over the past few years, the advanced nurse practitioner (ANP) role has been implemented widely in primary and secondary care. However, the ANP role has lacked consistency in scope of practice, training and regulation. This article summarises the development of the ANP role in the UK and internationally, and issues relating to regulation...
November 29, 2017: Nursing Standard
Elissa Ladd, Casey Fryer Sweeney, Anthony Guarino, Alex Hoyt
Many state legislatures restrict nurse practitioner (NP) scope of practice as a way of addressing patient safety concerns. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of state NP scope of practice laws on the prescription of oxycodone and hydrocodone containing medications by NP and MD/DO/PA prescribers to Medicare Part D beneficiaries. Using the Medicare Part D public use file, we analyzed oxycodone and hydrocodone containing prescriptions per Medicare Part D beneficiary by prescriber type, NP state scope of practice, and geographic variables...
August 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
Benjamin J McMichael, Barbara J Safriet, Peter I Buerhaus
Patients can hold physicians directly or vicariously liable for the malpractice of nurse practitioners under their supervision. Restrictive scope-of-practice laws governing nurse practitioners can ease patients' legal burdens in establishing physician liability. We analyze the effect of restrictive scope-of-practice laws on the number of malpractice payments made on behalf of physicians between 1999 and 2012. Enacting less restrictive scope-of-practice laws decreases the number of payments made by physicians by as much as 31%, suggesting that restrictive scope-of-practice laws have a salient extraregulatory effect on physician malpractice rates...
January 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
Josephine McMurray, Gillian Strudwick, Cheryl Forchuk, Adam Morse, Jessica Lachance, Arani Baskaran, Lauren Allison, Richard Booth
BACKGROUND: Intelligent assistive technologies that complement and extend human abilities have proliferated in recent years. Service robots, home automation equipment, and other digital assistant devices possessing artificial intelligence are forms of assistive technologies that have become popular in society. Older adults (>55 years of age) have been identified by industry, government, and researchers as a demographic who can benefit significantly from the use of intelligent assistive technology to support various activities of daily living...
November 2, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
Fien Mertens, Esther de Groot, Loes Meijer, Johan Wens, Mary Gemma Cherry, Myriam Deveugele, Roger Damoiseaux, Ann Stes, Peter Pype
BACKGROUND: Changes in healthcare practice toward more proactive clinical, organizational and interprofessional working require primary healthcare professionals to learn continuously from each other through collaboration. This systematic review uses realist methodology to consolidate knowledge on the characteristics of workplace learning (WPL) through collaboration by primary healthcare professionals. METHODS: Following several scoping searches, five electronic bibliographic databases were searched from January 1990 to December 2015 for relevant gray and published literature written in English, French, German and Dutch...
February 2018: Medical Teacher
Mary G Harper, Patsy Maloney, Jean Shinners
This final column in the Nursing Professional Development (NPD) Scope and Standards department provides five exemplars of incorporation of the scope and standards into NPD practice and ends with a call to action for all NPD practitioners.
October 12, 2017: Journal for Nurses in Professional Development
Krista S Chavez, Andrew A Dwyer, Anne-Sylvie Ramelet
OBJECTIVES: To identify and summarize the common clinical settings, interventions, and outcomes of nurse practitioner care specific to older people. DESIGN: Scoping review of the international published and grey literature. DATA SOURCES: A structured literature search was conducted of CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Google Scholar, and Cochrane Collaboration and Joanna Briggs Institute databases. REVIEW METHODS: Following the Arksey and O'Malley framework, randomized controlled and quasi-experimental studies of Masters-prepared nurse practitioners providing care for patients over 65 years were included...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Natalie L Murdoch, Sheila Epp, Jeanette Vinek
To prepare new graduates with the knowledge, skills, and attitudes to engage in effective interprofessional collaboration (IPC) in practice, healthcare professional programmes need to ensure their curriculum provides opportunities for interprofessional education (IPE) and IPC. To strengthen IPE within an undergraduate curriculum and meet the professional requirements set out by regulatory bodies to prepare new graduate nurses to achieve IPC competencies, a curriculum initiative was developed to expand IPE across the four years of the Baccalaureate of Science in Nursing (BSN) programme...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Amanda Fox, Glenn Gardner, Sonya Osborne
AIM: This research aimed to explore factors that influence sustainability of health service innovation, specifically emergency nurse practitioner service. BACKGROUND: Planning for cost effective provision of healthcare services is a concern globally. Reform initiatives are implemented often incorporating expanding scope of practice for health professionals and innovative service delivery models. Introducing new models is costly in both human and financial resources and therefore understanding factors influencing sustainability is imperative to viable service provision...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Jennifer Perloff, Sean Clarke, Catherine M DesRoches, Monica O'Reilly-Jacob, Peter Buerhaus
CONTEXT: State scope of practice (SoP) laws impose significant restrictions on the services that a nurse practitioner (NP) may provide in some states, yet evidence about SoP limitations on the quality of primary care is very limited. METHOD: This study uses six different classifications of state regulations and bivariate and multivariate analyses to compare beneficiaries attributed to primary care nurse practitioners and primary care physicians in 2013 testing two hypotheses: (1) chronic disease management, cancer screening, preventable hospitalizations, and adverse outcomes of care provided by primary care nurse practitioners are better in reduced and restricted practice states compared to states without restrictions and (2) by decreasing access to care, SoP restrictions negatively affect the quality of primary care...
September 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
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