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Expanded scope of practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236533/a-history-of-social-work-in-public-health
#1
Betty J Ruth, Jamie Wyatt Marshall
Social work is a core health profession with origins deeply connected to the development of contemporary public health in the United States. Today, many of the nation's 600 000 social workers practice broadly in public health and in other health settings, drawing on a century of experience in combining clinical, intermediate, and population approaches for greater health impact. Yet, the historic significance of this long-standing interdisciplinary collaboration-and its current implications-remains underexplored in the present era...
December 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235332/technology-expands-the-scope-of-the-general-practice
#2
Daniel Drake
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Dentistry Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233403/perceptions-of-pharmacists-role-in-the-health-care-team-through-student-pharmacist-led-point-of-care-screenings-and-its-future-application-in-health-care
#3
Karen M S Bastianelli, Lucas Nelson, Laura Palombi
INTRODUCTION: The public is largely unaware of changing pharmacy roles and continues to underutilize pharmacists as mainly a dispensing service, often overlooking direct patient care components. This paper evaluates the public perceptions of pharmacists' through student led point-of-care screenings and comprehensive medication reviews. METHODS: An IRB approved longitudinal retrospective study design was used to survey participants who attended College of Pharmacy sponsored health fairs in 2013...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233287/a-community-based-partnership-collaborative-practice-agreement-project-to-teach-innovation-in-care-delivery
#4
Kenneth C Hohmeier, Christina A Spivey, Marie Chisholm-Burns
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To explore students' perceptions (self-assessment) of their preparedness to develop collaborative practice agreements (CPAs) before and after delivery of one CPA-focused classroom lectures and 2) a CPA development student project in partnership with a local community-based pharmacy. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: A CPA-focused didactic lecture and subsequent project were given to second-year (P2) pharmacy students enrolled in a community pharmacy elective course at the University of Tennessee College of Pharmacy...
May 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218801/frontiers-in-alley-cropping-transformative-solutions-for-temperate-agriculture
#5
Kevin J Wolz, Sarah T Lovell, Bruce E Branham, William C Eddy, Keefe Keeley, Ronald S Revord, Michelle M Wander, Wendy H Yang, Evan H DeLucia
Annual row crops dominate agriculture around the world and have considerable negative environmental impacts, including significant greenhouse gas emissions. Transformative land-use solutions are necessary to mitigate climate change and restore critical ecosystem services. Alley cropping (AC)-the integration of trees with crops-is an agroforestry practice that has been studied as a transformative, multifunctional land-use solution. In the temperate zone, AC has strong potential for climate change mitigation through direct emissions reductions and increases in land-use efficiency via overyielding compared to trees and crops grown separately...
December 8, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213012/guidelines-for-personal-exposure-monitoring-of-chemicals-part-iii
#6
Haruo Hashimoto, Kenichi Yamada, Hajime Hori, Shinji Kumagai, Masaru Murata, Toshio Nagoya, Hirohiko Nakahara, Nobuyuki Mochida
This Document, "Guidelines for personal exposure monitoring of chemicals" ("this Guideline"), has been prepared by "The Committee for Personal Exposure Monitoring" ("the Committee") of the Expert Division of Occupational Hygiene & Ergonomics, Japan Society for Occupational Health. Considering the background of the growing importance of personal exposure monitoring in risk assessment and the need to prepare for the introduction of monitoring using personal samplers from an administrative perspective in recent years, the Committee was organized in November 2012...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207973/identifying-models-of-hiv-care-and-treatment-service-delivery-in-tanzania-uganda-and-zambia-using-cluster-analysis-and-delphi-survey
#7
Sharon Tsui, Julie A Denison, Caitlin E Kennedy, Larry W Chang, Olivier Koole, Kwasi Torpey, Eric Van Praag, Jason Farley, Nathan Ford, Leine Stuart, Fred Wabwire-Mangen
BACKGROUND: Organization of HIV care and treatment services, including clinic staffing and services, may shape clinical and financial outcomes, yet there has been little attempt to describe different models of HIV care in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Information about the relative benefits and drawbacks of different models could inform the scale-up of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and associated services in resource-limited settings (RLS), especially in light of expanded client populations with country adoption of WHO's test and treat recommendation...
December 6, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205713/ultralong-phosphorescence-from-organic-ionic-crystals-under-ambient-conditions
#8
Zhichao Cheng, Huifang Shi, Huili Ma, Lifang Bian, Qi Wu, Long Gu, Shuzhi Cai, Xuan Wang, Wei-Wei Xiong, Zhongfu An, Wei Huang
We report on a new type of material system of organic salts in crystal state with ultralong organic phosphorescence (UOP) under ambient conditions. The change of cations (NH4+, Na+ or K+) in these phosphors gives access to tunable UOP colors ranging from sky blue to yellow green, along with ultralong emission lifetimes of over 504 ms. Single-crystal analysis reveals that unique ionic bonding can promote an ordered arrangement of organic salts in crystal state, which then can facilitate molecular aggregation for UOP generation...
December 3, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186918/depressive-symptom-and-related-factors-a-cross-sectional-study-of-korean-female-workers-working-at-traditional-markets
#9
Won Ju Hwang, Jin Ah Kim, Sally H Rankin
BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the psychiatric diseases with a high prevalence rate, globally, and reportedly more prevalent among women than among men. Especially, women workers working at traditional markets are in depressive conditions without occupational health services. The purpose of this study is to investigate factors having a significant effect on the depressive symptoms of women workers at traditional markets in South Korea. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was used and subjects for the present study were 500 female workers in three selected representative traditional marketplaces in South Korea...
November 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185153/a-doctor-is-in-the-house-stakeholder-focus-groups-about-expanded-scope-of-practice-of-community-psychiatrists
#10
Christina Mangurian, Chelsea Modlin, Lindsey Williams, Susan Essock, Nicholas S Riano, Martha Shumway, John W Newcomer, James W Dilley, Dean Schillinger
We sought to understand stakeholder perspectives on barriers to metabolic screening for people with severe mental illness. We additionally assessed the feasibility of expanding psychiatrists' scope of practice to include treatment of cardiometabolic abnormalities. We conducted four focus groups among patients with severe mental illness, community psychiatrists, primary care providers, and public health administrators. Focus group transcripts were thematically analyzed. Three domains emerged: challenges with patient navigation of the complex health care system, problem list prioritization difficulties, and concern that treatment of cardiometabolic abnormalities were beyond the scope of practice of psychiatrists...
November 28, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175701/from-therapeutic-landscapes-to-healthy-spaces-places-and-practices-a-scoping-review
#11
Sarah L Bell, Ronan Foley, Frank Houghton, Avril Maddrell, Allison M Williams
The term 'therapeutic landscapes' was first coined by health geographer, Wilbert Gesler, in 1992 to explore why certain environments seem to contribute to a healing sense of place. Since then, the concept and its applications have evolved and expanded as researchers have examined the dynamic material, affective and socio-cultural roots and routes to experiences of health and wellbeing in specific places. Drawing on a scoping review of studies of these wider therapeutic landscapes published between 2007 and 2016, this paper explores how, where, and to what benefit the 'therapeutic landscapes' concept has been applied to date, and how such applications have contributed to its critical evolution as a relevant and useful concept in health geography...
November 21, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173834/academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-revised-2017-scope-of-practice-for-the-registered-dietitian-nutritionist
#12
Denise Andersen, Shari Baird, Tracey Bates, Denise L Chapel, Alana D Cline, Shyamala N Ganesh, Margaret Garner, Barbara L Grant, Kathryn K Hamilton, Krista Jablonski, Sherri L Jones, Alexandra G Kazaks, Susan H Konek, Kelly K Leonard, Kimi G McAdam, Beth N Ogata, Egondu M Onuoha, Gretchen Y Robinson, Darrin W Schmidt, Nancy G Walters, Pauline Williams, Pamela Wu, Karen Hui, Carol Gilmore, Mujahed Khan, Dana Buelsing, Sharon M McCauley
The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (Academy) is the world's largest organization of food and nutrition professionals and the association that represents credentialed nutrition and dietetics practitioners-registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs) and nutrition and dietetics technicians, registered (NDTRs). RDNs integrate research, professional development, and practice to stimulate innovation and discovery; collaborate to solve the greatest food and nutrition challenges now and in the future; focus on systemswide impact across the food, wellness, and health sectors; have a global impact in eliminating all forms of malnutrition; and amplify the contribution of nutrition and dietetics practitioners and expand workforce capacity and capability...
November 22, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172791/teaching-interprofessional-teamwork-skills-to-health-professional-students-a-scoping-review
#13
Lanae Fox, Robert Onders, Carol J Hermansen-Kobulnicky, Thanh-Nga Nguyen, Leena Myran, Becky Linn, Jaime Hornecker
An expanding body of literature is examining interprofessional teamwork and its effect in healthcare. To produce capable healthcare professionals prepared to participate in interprofessional roles, teamwork training must begin early in health professional students' training. The focus of this scoping review was to explore interprofessional education (IPE) studies designed to teach and/or assess interprofessional teamwork skills to students from two or more different health professions, to find and describe effective pedagogy and assessment strategies...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172435/the-evolution-of-chemical-high-throughput-experimentation-to-address-challenging-problems-in-pharmaceutical-synthesis
#14
Shane W Krska, Daniel A DiRocco, Spencer D Dreher, Michael Shevlin
The structural complexity of pharmaceuticals presents a significant challenge to modern catalysis. Many published methods that work well on simple substrates often fail when attempts are made to apply them to complex drug intermediates. The use of high-throughput experimentation (HTE) techniques offers a means to overcome this fundamental challenge by facilitating the rational exploration of large arrays of catalysts and reaction conditions in a time- and material-efficient manner. Initial forays into the use of HTE in our laboratories for solving chemistry problems centered around screening of chiral precious-metal catalysts for homogeneous asymmetric hydrogenation...
November 27, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171894/the-future-of-reproductive-autonomy
#15
Josephine Johnston, Rachel L Zacharias
In a project The Hastings Center is now running on the future of prenatal testing, we are encountering clear examples, both in established law and in the practices of individual providers, of failures to respect women's reproductive autonomy: when testing is not offered to certain demographics of women, for instance, or when the choices of women to terminate or continue pregnancies are prohibited or otherwise not supported. But this project also raises puzzles for reproductive autonomy. We have learned that some clinicians and patients do not discuss the fact that prenatal testing can lead to a decision about whether to terminate a pregnancy-they just don't talk about it...
December 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167903/access-to-ophthalmologists-in-states-where-optometrists-have-expanded-scope-of-practice
#16
Joshua D Stein, Kapil G Kapoor, Joshua L Tootoo, Ruiyang Li, Alan Wagner, Chris Andrews, Marie Lynn Miranda
Importance: As the United States considers how to best structure its health care services, specialty care availability is receiving increased focus. This study assesses whether patients lack reasonable access to ophthalmologists in states where optometrists have been granted expanded scope of practice. Objective: To determine the estimated travel time (ETT) to the nearest ophthalmologist office for persons residing in states that have expanded scope of practice for optometrists, and to quantify ETT to the nearest ophthalmologist for Medicare beneficiaries who received surgical care from optometrists in those states between 2008 and 2014...
November 22, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153853/community-pharmacist-collaboration-with-a-patient-centered-medical-home-establishment-of-a-patient-centered-medical-neighborhood-and-payment-model
#17
Heidi R Luder, Pam Shannon, James Kirby, Stacey M Frede
OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility of a partnership between a community pharmacy and a patient-centered medical home (PCMH) by measuring the impact on office- and patient-level clinical outcomes. SETTING: Kroger Pharmacy and a PCMH practice in Cincinnati, OH. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: The Kroger Co. is a large grocery store chain that operates 102 pharmacies in the Cincinnati-Dayton marketing area. The PCMH practice is an accredited PCMH office serving more than 9000 patients in the Cincinnati area...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140749/pharmacists-as-vaccinators-an-analysis-of-their-experiences-and-perceptions-of-their-new-role
#18
Sandra Gerges, Elizabeth Peter, Susan K Bowles, Shelley Diamond, Lucie Marisa Bucci, Anne Resnick, Anna Taddio
OBJECTIVES: In 2012, Ontario pharmacists were granted immunization privileges to administer influenza vaccines to the public. This study explored the experiences and practices of pharmacist vaccinators and the impact of vaccination pain on their practice. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 pharmacists in the Greater Toronto Area. Transcribed interview data were coded and analyzed via thematic analysis. KEY FINDINGS: Data analysis revealed 4 main themes: 1) expanded scope of practice as an enhancement and challenge to relationships; 2) professional satisfaction and workload demands; 3) knowledge and attitudes regarding pain and fear; 4) practices regarding pain and fear management...
November 15, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137666/utilization-of-the-behavior-change-wheel-framework-to-develop-a-model-to-improve-cardiometabolic-screening-for-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#19
Christina Mangurian, Grace C Niu, Dean Schillinger, John W Newcomer, James Dilley, Margaret A Handley
BACKGROUND: Individuals with severe mental illness (e.g., schizophrenia, bipolar disorder) die 10-25 years earlier than the general population, primarily from premature cardiovascular disease (CVD). Contributing factors are complex, but include systemic-related factors of poorly integrated primary care and mental health services. Although evidence-based models exist for integrating mental health care into primary care settings, the evidence base for integrating medical care into specialty mental health settings is limited...
November 14, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128515/injectable-network-biomaterials-via-molecular-or-colloidal-self-assembly
#20
Jugal Kishore Sahoo, Michael A VandenBerg, Matthew J Webber
Self-assembly is a powerful tool to create functional materials. A specific application for which self-assembled materials are ideally suited is in creating injectable biomaterials. Contrasting with traditional biomaterials that are implanted through surgical means, injecting biomaterials through the skin offers numerous advantages, expanding the scope and impact for biomaterials in medicine. In particular, self-assembled biomaterials prepared from molecular or colloidal interactions have been frequently explored...
November 8, 2017: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
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