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drinks sweet and triglycerid

Chizuko Maruyama, Rena Nakano, Mitsuha Shima, Asumi Mae, Yuri Shijo, Eri Nakamura, Yuuna Okabe, Sunmi Park, Noriko Kameyama, Satomi Hirai, Mamoru Nakanishi, Kagehiro Uchida, Hiroshi Nishiyama
AIM: We conducted a pilot study to clarify the effects of the Japan Diet nutritional education program on metabolic risk factors for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in middle-aged men who were brought up in the westernized dietary environment of modern Japan. METHODS: Thirty-three men, 30-49 years of age, attended a nutrition education class to learn food items and recommended volumes comprising the Japan Diet (more fish, soybeans and soy products, vegetables, seaweed, mushrooms and unrefined cereals, and less animal fat, meat and poultry with fat, sweets, desserts and snacks, and alcoholic drinks), and were encouraged to consume the Japan Diet for 6 weeks...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Laura K Frank, Franziska Jannasch, Janine Kröger, George Bedu-Addo, Frank P Mockenhaupt, Matthias B Schulze, Ina Danquah
Reduced rank regression (RRR) is an innovative technique to establish dietary patterns related to biochemical risk factors for type 2 diabetes, but has not been applied in sub-Saharan Africa. In a hospital-based case-control study for type 2 diabetes in Kumasi (diabetes cases, 538; controls, 668) dietary intake was assessed by a specific food frequency questionnaire. After random split of our study population, we derived a dietary pattern in the training set using RRR with adiponectin, HDL-cholesterol and triglycerides as responses and 35 food items as predictors...
July 2015: Nutrients
Sonia Hernández-Cordero, Barry M Popkin
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Intense marketing for sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) along with the human innate preference for sweet taste contributes to the increase in consumption of SSB. It is important to understand the intricacies of dietary intake and global changes to the food supply to understand the complexities facing any intervention promoting water intake. We describe challenges to promote and achieve an increase in water intake and present key findings from a clinical trial examining the effects of substituting water for SSB on triglyceride levels, weight and other cardiometabolic factors in overweight/obese Mexican women...
2015: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Hadis Sabour, Zahra Soltani, Sahar Latifi, Abbas Norouzi Javidan
OBJECTIVES: Plasma lipids (triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein (HDL-C) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C)) may be associated with dietary intakes. The purpose of this study was to identify the most common food patterns among Iranian persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) and investigate their associations with lipid profile. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Tertiary rehabilitation center. PARTICIPANTS: Referred individuals to Brain and Spinal Injury Research Center (BASIR) from 2011 to 2014...
July 2016: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Rosalia Reynoso-Camacho, Paola Martinez-Samayoa, Minerva Ramos-Gomez, Horacio Guzmán, Luis M Salgado
Native plants are exceedingly valuable because they are sources of natural products with applications for the treatment of various diseases. Berrycactus fruit (Myrtillocactus geometrizans) has been consumed in Mexico since ancient times due to its sweetness. The hypoglycemic and antioxidant effects of this fruit were evaluated in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats by replacing the drinking water with berrycactus juice (2 or 4 g/kg). After 4 weeks of treatment, the diabetic animals showed an improvement in their conditions, as reflected by diminished circulating glucose levels (up to 50%), diminished triglycerides (up to 67%), and diminished total cholesterol (up to 35%) compared with diabetic nontreated controls, and these effects were dose dependent...
May 2015: Journal of Medicinal Food
S Buscemi, A Nicolucci, A Mattina, G Rosafio, F M Massenti, G Lucisano, F Galvano, E Amodio, F Pellegrini, A M Barile, V Maniaci, G Grosso, S Verga, D Sprini, G B Rini
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Dietary habits are important determinants of individual cardiovascular and metabolic risk. This study investigated the association between dietary patterns and asymptomatic carotid atherosclerosis, defined as the presence of plaques and/or increased intima-media thickness, and metabolic biomarkers of insulin resistance, including the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and the trygliceride/high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol (Tg/HDL) ratio in a cohort of adults without known diabetes or atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease...
December 2013: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Xian Wen Shang, Ai Ling Liu, Qian Zhang, Xiao Qi Hu, Song Ming Du, Jun Ma, Gui Fa Xu, Ying Li, Hong Wei Guo, Lin Du, Ting Yu Li, Guan Sheng Ma
OBJECTIVE: To explore the associations between sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption and obesity as well as obesity-related cardiometabolic disorders among children in China. METHODS: A total of 6974 (boys 3558, girls 3412) children aged 6-13 years participated in the study. Each participant's height, weight, waist circumference, fasting glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were measured...
April 2012: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
(no author information available yet)
The increasing of uric acid level (hyperuricosuria) is regularly detected in blood during the examination of patient with such cardiovascular diseases as arterial hypertension, atherosclerosis, diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome and obesity. The hyperiricosuria and hypertriglyceridemia are two independent risk factors, especially for arterial hypertension. The higher level of uric acid combined with hyper-lipoproteinemia (phenotypes) IIa and IIb was noted in 65% of patients. In males, hyperiricosuria was detected more often than in females...
June 2012: Klinicheskaia Laboratornaia Diagnostika
Jihye Kim, Inho Jo
BACKGROUND: Dietary patterns are critical in the prevention and management of chronic diseases. OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between habitual dietary patterns and the risk of metabolic syndrome in South Korean adults. DESIGN: The study sample was composed of 9,850 Korean adults (aged ≥19 years) who participated in the second and third Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Dietary data were assessed by the 24-hour recall method...
August 2011: Journal of the American Dietetic Association
Valeria Hirschler, Tomas Meroño, Gustavo Maccallini, Leonardo Gomez Rosso, Claudio Aranda, Fernando Brites
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) has been proposed to be associated with high risk of cardiovascular disease. Increased CETP activity was previously reported in obese adults, although its association with lifestyle behaviors has not been assessed in healthy adolescents. We undertook this study to determine the association between CETP activity and overweight/obesity, insulin resistance markers, components of the metabolic syndrome and lifestyle behaviors in healthy adolescent males...
January 2011: Archives of Medical Research
Gar Yee Koh, Kathleen McCutcheon, Fang Zhang, Dong Liu, Carrie A Cartwright, Roy Martin, Peiying Yang, Zhijun Liu
Drinking an herbal tea to lose weight is a well-liked concept. This study was designed to examine the possible improvement of obesity phenotype by a new tea represented by its purified components, gallic acid, ellagic acid, and rubusoside (GER). Male obese-prone SD rats were given low-fat diet, high-fat diet, or high-fat diet plus GER at the dose of 0.22 g/kg of body weight for 9 weeks. GER significantly reduced body weight gain by 22% compared to the high-fat diet control group with 48% less abdominal fat gain...
January 12, 2011: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
H Bihan, K Takbou, R Cohen, A Michault, F Boitou, G Reach, H Le Clésiau
AIM: As the constantly progressing metabolic syndrome is accompanied by an increased risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular complications, it is essential to take appropriate, non-pharmacological, cost-effective measures immediately after the diagnosis has been made. The purpose of our prospective, non-controlled, 6-month study was to determine the impact of lifestyle interventions involving patients' behaviour in collaboration with their general practitioners (GPs). METHODS: We recruited 95 patients (46 men and 49 women, aged 45 to 60 years) who presented with the metabolic syndrome...
June 2009: Diabetes & Metabolism
Isabelle Aeberli, Michael B Zimmermann, Luciano Molinari, Roger Lehmann, Dagmar l'Allemand, Giatgen A Spinas, Kaspar Berneis
BACKGROUND: High amounts of dietary fructose may contribute to dyslipidemia in adults, but there are few data in children. Childhood adiposity is associated with smaller LDL particle size, but the dietary predictors of LDL size in overweight children have not been studied. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine whether LDL particle size is associated with dietary factors and specifically with fructose intake in normal-weight and overweight children. DESIGN: In a cross-sectional study of normal-weight and overweight 6-14 y-old Swiss children (n = 74), dietary intakes were assessed by using two 24-h-recalls and a 1-d dietary record...
October 2007: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Christos Pitsavos, Yannis Skoumas, Christodoulos Stefanadis
BACKGROUND: Dietary habits have been associated with the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome. OBJECTIVE: The associations between foods or food patterns and the characteristics of the metabolic syndrome were evaluated. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SUBJECTS: During 2001 to 2002, 1,514 men (aged 18 to 87 years) and 1,528 women (aged 18 to 89 years) without any clinical evidence of cardiovascular disease were randomly enrolled, from the Attica region in Greece...
June 2007: Journal of the American Dietetic Association
I Ramirez
It has been thought that the ability of nutrients to reinforce ingestion is related to their ability to provide metabolizable energy. This implies that the reinforcing effect of carbohydrate should be similar to that of fat. To test this concept, rats were trained in an apparatus that infused water or nutritive solutions/suspensions into their stomachs every time they drank a sapid solution. Each training trial lasted for 1 day. Successive training trials were interspersed by 1-day periods in which the rats were infused with plain water and offered plain water or a tastant different from the training taste (i...
January 1997: American Journal of Physiology
C Christiansen, C Thomsen, O Rasmussen, M Balle, C Hauerslev, C Hansen, K Hermansen
To ensure an acceptable quality of life for Type 2 diabetic patients, the food recommendations have to be as liberal and individualized as possible. Unfortunately, disagreements exists about the consumption of different types of wine. Diabetic patients are advised by some to restrain their wine intake and to use dry wine containing little carbohydrate, while others are more liberal. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of dry and sweet wine on the glycaemic control in Type 2 diabetes. Twelve diabetic patients consumed a light meal with either 300 ml tap water 300 ml dry white wine, 300 ml sweet white wine with ethanol added or 300 ml dry white wine with glucose added...
December 1993: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
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