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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885658/early-skin-to-skin-contact-for-mothers-and-their-healthy-newborn-infants
#1
REVIEW
Elizabeth R Moore, Nils Bergman, Gene C Anderson, Nancy Medley
BACKGROUND: Mother-infant separation post birth is common. In standard hospital care, newborn infants are held wrapped or dressed in their mother's arms, placed in open cribs or under radiant warmers. Skin-to-skin contact (SSC) begins ideally at birth and should last continually until the end of the first breastfeeding. SSC involves placing the dried, naked baby prone on the mother's bare chest, often covered with a warm blanket. According to mammalian neuroscience, the intimate contact inherent in this place (habitat) evokes neuro-behaviors ensuring fulfillment of basic biological needs...
November 25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884208/what-are-the-best-methodologies-for-rapid-reviews-of-the-research-evidence-for-evidence-informed-decision-making-in-health-policy-and-practice-a-rapid-review
#2
REVIEW
Michelle M Haby, Evelina Chapman, Rachel Clark, Jorge Barreto, Ludovic Reveiz, John N Lavis
BACKGROUND: Rapid reviews have the potential to overcome a key barrier to the use of research evidence in decision making, namely that of the lack of timely and relevant research. This rapid review of systematic reviews and primary studies sought to answer the question: What are the best methodologies to enable a rapid review of research evidence for evidence-informed decision making in health policy and practice? METHODS: This rapid review utilised systematic review methods and was conducted according to a pre-defined protocol including clear inclusion criteria (PROSPERO registration: CRD42015015998)...
November 25, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881120/a-scoping-review-of-medical-professionalism-research-published-in-the-chinese-language
#3
Xin Wang, Julie Shih, Fen-Ju Kuo, Ming-Jung Ho
BACKGROUND: The Chinese Medical Doctors Association (CMDA) adopted the Charter of Medical Professionalism in the New Millennium (Charter) and published the Chinese Medical Doctor Declaration (Declaration). This is an important step to re-building medical professionalism in China at a time when the commercialization of health care has led to a decline in physician accountability and public trust in the profession. In response, authors have begun to examine and promote medical professionalism in China...
November 23, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870656/oscillometric-and-auscultatory-blood-pressure-measurement-methods-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Stephanie L Duncombe, Christine Voss, Kevin C Harris
BACKGROUND: The phase-out of mercury from clinical settings calls for valid alternatives to assess blood pressure (BP) in children. Aneroid devices provide a mercury-free alternative to BP measurements by auscultation, whereas oscillometric (automated) devices are increasingly becoming the norm in clinical practice due to their ease of use. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to investigate the accuracy of oscillometric and aneroid BP devices compared with the mercury sphygmomanometer for the measurement of BP in children...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869298/informant-questionnaire-on-cognitive-decline-in-the-elderly-iqcode-for-the-early-diagnosis-of-dementia-across-a-variety-of-healthcare-settings
#5
REVIEW
Jennifer K Harrison, David J Stott, Rupert McShane, Anna H Noel-Storr, Rhiannon S Swann-Price, Terry J Quinn
BACKGROUND: The Informant Questionnaire for Cognitive Decline in the Elderly (IQCODE) is a structured interview based on informant responses that is used to assess for possible dementia. IQCODE has been used for retrospective or contemporaneous assessment of cognitive decline. There is considerable interest in tests that may identify those at future risk of developing dementia. Assessing a population free of dementia for the prospective development of dementia is an approach often used in studies of dementia biomarkers...
November 21, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858573/multiple-nerve-and-tendon-transfers-a-new-strategy-for-restoring-hand-function-in-a-patient-with-c7-t1-brachial-plexus-avulsions
#6
Bin Xu, Zhen Dong, Cheng-Gang Zhang, Yu-Dong Gu
C7-T1 brachial plexus palsies result in a loss of finger motion and hand function. The authors have observed that finger flexion motion can be recovered after a brachialis motor branch transfer. However, finger flexion strength after this procedure merely corresponds to Medical Research Council Grades M2-M3, lowering the grip strength and practical value of the reconstructed hand. Therefore, they used 2 donor nerves and accomplished double nerve transfers for stronger finger flexion. In a patient with a C7-T1 brachial plexus injury, they transferred the pronator teres branch to the anterior interosseous nerve and the brachialis motor branch to the flexor digitorum superficialis branch for reinnervation of full finger flexors...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855512/2016-white-paper-on-recent-issues-in-bioanalysis-focus-on-biomarker-assay-validation-bav-part-3-lba-biomarkers-and-immunogenicity
#7
Susan Richards, Lakshmi Amaravadi, Renuka Pillutla, Herbert Birnboeck, Albert Torri, Kyra J Cowan, Apollon Papadimitriou, Fabio Garofolo, Christina Satterwhite, Steven Piccoli, Bonnie Wu, Corinna Krinos-Fiorotti, John Allinson, Flora Berisha, Laurent Cocea, Stephanie Croft, Stephanie Fraser, Fabrizio Galliccia, Boris Gorovits, Swati Gupta, Vinita Gupta, Sam Haidar, Charles Hottenstein, Akiko Ishii-Watabe, Darshana Jani, John Kadavil, John Kamerud, Daniel Kramer, Virginia Litwin, Gustavo Mendes Lima Santos, Robert Nelson, Yan Ni, João Pedras-Vasconcelos, Yongchang Qiu, Paul Rhyne, Afshin Safavi, Yoshiro Saito, Natasha Savoie, Kara Scheibner, Eginhard Schick, Patricia Y Siguenza, John Smeraglia, Roland F Staack, Meena Subramanyam, Giane Sumner, Theingi Thway, David Uhlinger, Martin Ullmann, Alessandra Vitaliti, Jan Welink, Chan C Whiting, Li Xue, Rong Zeng
The 2016 10th Workshop on Recent Issues in Bioanalysis (10th WRIB) took place in Orlando, Florida with participation of close to 700 professionals from pharmaceutical/biopharmaceutical companies, biotechnology companies, contract research organizations, and regulatory agencies worldwide. WRIB was once again a weeklong event - A Full Immersion Week of Bioanalysis for PK, Biomarkers and Immunogenicity. As usual, it is specifically designed to facilitate sharing, reviewing, discussing and agreeing on approaches to address the most current issues of interest including both small and large molecules involving LCMS, hybrid LBA/LCMS, and LBA approaches, with the focus on PK, biomarkers and immunogenicity...
December 2016: Bioanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855509/2016-white-paper-on-recent-issues-in-bioanalysis-focus-on-biomarker-assay-validation-bav-part-2-hybrid-lba-lcms-and-input-from-regulatory-agencies
#8
An Song, Anita Lee, Fabio Garofolo, Surinder Kaur, Jeff Duggan, Christopher Evans, Joe Palandra, Lorella Di Donato, Keyang Xu, Ronald Bauer, Mark Bustard, Linzhi Chen, Laurent Cocea, Stephanie Croft, Fabrizio Galliccia, Sam Haidar, Nicola Hughes, Akiko Ishii-Watabe, Rafiqul Islam, Barry Jones, John Kadavil, Carsten Krantz, Gustavo Mendes Lima Santos, Timothy Olah, João Pedras-Vasconcelos, Ludovicus Staelens, Yoshiro Saito, Natasha Savoie, Kara Scheibner, Susan Spitz, Nilufer Tampal, Eric Thomas, Stephen Vinter, Jason Wakelin-Smith, Jan Welink, Jianing Zeng, Shaolian Zhou
The 2016 10th Workshop on Recent Issues in Bioanalysis (10(th) WRIB) took place in Orlando, Florida with participation of close to 700 professionals from pharmaceutical/biopharmaceutical companies, biotechnology companies, contract research organizations, and regulatory agencies worldwide. WRIB was once again a 5-day, weeklong event - A Full Immersion Week of Bioanalysis including Biomarkers and Immunogenicity. As usual, it is specifically designed to facilitate sharing, reviewing, discussing and agreeing on approaches to address the most current issues of interest including both small and large molecules involving LCMS, hybrid LBA/LCMS, and LBA approaches, with the focus on biomarkers and immunogenicity...
December 2016: Bioanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854427/full-practice-authority-for-advanced-practice-registered-nurses-is-a-gender-issue
#9
Nancy Rudner Lugo
In the United States, Advanced Practice Registered Nurse (APRN) regulations are determined at the state level, through legislation and rule making. The lack of an evidence base to APRN regulation has resulted in a patchwork of varied regulations and requirements for nurse practitioners. The author begins this article by reviewing the history of the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) in the United States and describing her study that assessed APRN fullpractice authority in states that ratified the ERA versus states that opposed it...
May 4, 2016: Online Journal of Issues in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830256/clinical-natural-language-processing-in-2015-leveraging-the-variety-of-texts-of-clinical-interest
#10
A Névéol, P Zweigenbaum
OBJECTIVE: To summarize recent research and present a selection of the best papers published in 2015 in the field of clinical Natural Language Processing (NLP). METHOD: A systematic review of the literature was performed by the two section editors of the IMIA Yearbook NLP section by searching bibliographic databases with a focus on NLP efforts applied to clinical texts or aimed at a clinical outcome. Section editors first selected a shortlist of candidate best papers that were then peer-reviewed by independent external reviewers...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826750/an-international-position-paper-on-mother-infant-perinatal-mental-health-with-guidelines-for-clinical-practice
#11
Ian Brockington, Ruth Butterworth, Nine Glangeaud-Freudenthal
The purpose of this paper is to set out informal, provisional and comprehensive but concise guidelines for mother-infant (perinatal) mental health (psychiatry), as an area of specialisation. It is informal in the sense that the authors are clinicians and researchers from many different nations, who share a common goal and vision, speaking on their own behalf and not with the backing of any authority or society. It is provisional in the expectation that it can be improved by criticism and new research findings...
November 8, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806709/benefits-and-harms-of-screening-for-and-treatment-of-asymptomatic-bacteriuria-in-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#12
Konstanze Angelescu, Barbara Nussbaumer-Streit, Wiebke Sieben, Fülöp Scheibler, Gerald Gartlehner
BACKGROUND: Most European and North American clinical practice guidelines recommend screening for asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) as a routine pregnancy test. Antibiotic treatment of ASB in pregnant women is supposed to reduce maternal upper urinary tract infections (upper UTIs) and preterm labour. However, most studies supporting the treatment of ASB were conducted in the 1950s to 1980s. Because of subsequent changes in treatment options for ASB and UTI, the applicability of findings from these studies has come into question...
November 2, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805953/seven-dirty-words-hot-button-language-that-undermines-interprofessional-education-and-practice
#13
Peter S Cahn
An increasingly common goal of health professions education is preparing learners to collaborate with the full range of members on a health care team. While curriculum developers have identified many logistical and conceptual barriers to interprofessional education, one overlooked factor threatens to undermine interprofessional education and practice: language. Language reveals the mental metaphors governing thoughts and actions. The words that faculty members and health care providers use send messages that can-consciously or not-undermine explicit lessons about valuing each member of the care team...
November 1, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764064/the-veterans-health-administration-s-proposal-for-aprn-full-practice-authority
#14
Anne Lambert-Kerzner, Michelle Lucatorto, Marina McCreight, Katherine M Williams, Kelty B Fehling, Jamie Peterson, Edward Hess, Robert Plumley, Amy Ladebue, Catherine Battaglia
The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) is proposing full-practice authority for advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs) to improve access, care delivery, and patient choice, as well as reduce costs. The authors performed a mixed-methods assessment to obtain the perspectives of administrators and APRNs on the characterization of the APRN workforce and their present practice in the VHA.
November 19, 2016: Nurse Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731841/a-novel-service-oriented-professional-development-program-for-research-assistants-at-an-academic-hospital-a-web-based-survey
#15
Robert Li Kitts, Kyle John Koleoglou, Jennifer Elysia Holland, Eliza Haapaniemi Hutchinson, Quincy Georgdie Nang, Clare Marie Mehta, Chau Minh Tran, Laurie Newman Fishman
BACKGROUND: Research assistants (RAs) are hired at academic centers to staff the research and quality improvement projects that advance evidence-based medical practice. Considered a transient population, these young professionals may view their positions as stepping-stones along their path to graduate programs in medicine or public health. OBJECTIVE: To address the needs of these future health professionals, a novel program-Program for Research Assistant Development and Achievement (PRADA)-was developed to facilitate the development of desirable professional skill sets (ie, leadership, teamwork, communication) through participation in peer-driven service and advocacy initiatives directed toward the hospital and surrounding communities...
November 2, 2015: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729027/what-is-the-impact-of-systems-of-care-for-heart-failure-on-patients-diagnosed-with-heart-failure-a-systematic-review
#16
Andrea Driscoll, Sharon Meagher, Rhoda Kennedy, Melanie Hay, Jayant Banerji, Donald Campbell, Nicholas Cox, Debra Gascard, David Hare, Karen Page, Voltaire Nadurata, Rhonda Sanders, Harry Patsamanis
BACKGROUND: Hospital admissions for heart failure are predicted to rise substantially over the next decade placing increasing pressure on the health care system. There is an urgent need to redesign systems of care for heart failure to improve evidence-based practice and create seamless transitions through the continuum of care. The aim of the review was to examine systems of care for heart failure that reduce hospital readmissions and/or mortality. METHOD: Electronic databases searched were: Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, grey literature, reviewed bibliographies and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for randomised controlled trials, non-randomised trials and cohort studies from 1(st) January 2008 to 4(th) August 2015...
October 11, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722223/immediate-early-6-weeks-and-delayed-loading-3%C3%A2-months-of-single-implants-4-month-%C3%A2-post-loading-from-a-multicenter-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Marco Esposito, Konstantinos Siormpas, Miltiadis Mitsias, Soheil Bechara, Anna Trullenque-Eriksson, Roberto Pistilli
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcome of single, partial and full fixed implant-supported prostheses immediately loaded (within 48 h), early loaded at 6 weeks and conventionally loaded at 3 months (delayed loading). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-one patients (27 requiring single implants, 27 requiring partial fixed prostheses and 27 requiring total fixed cross-arch prostheses) were randomised in equal numbers in three private practices to immediate loading (27 patients), early loading (27 patients) and conventional loading (27 patients) according to a parallel group design with three arms...
2016: European Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722221/a-10-year-report-from-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-immediate-non-occlusal-versus-early-loading-of-dental-implants-in-partially-edentulous-patients
#18
Francesco Zuffetti, Marco Esposito, Fabio Galli, Matteo Capelli, Giovanni Grandi, Tiziano Testori
PURPOSE: To compare peri-implant bone and soft-tissue levels of immediate non-occlusally loaded versus non-submerged early loaded implants in partially edentulous patients 10 years after loading. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-two patients were randomised in five Italian private practices: 25 in the immediately loaded group and 27 in the early loaded group. To be immediately loaded, single implants had to be inserted with a torque of at least 30 Ncm, and splinted implants with a torque of at least 20 Ncm...
2016: European Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712081/2016-white-paper-on-recent-issues-in-bioanalysis-focus-on-biomarker-assay-validation-bav-part-1-small-molecules-peptides-and-small-molecule-biomarkers-by-lcms
#19
Eric Yang, Jan Welink, Stephanie Cape, Eric Woolf, Jens Sydor, Christopher James, Dina Goykhman, Mark Arnold, Neil Addock, Ronald Bauer, Michael Buonarati, Eugene Ciccimaro, Raj Dodda, Christopher Evans, Fabio Garofolo, Nicola Hughes, Rafiq Islam, Corey Nehls, Amanda Wilson, Chad Briscoe, Mark Bustard, Laura Coppola, Stephanie Croft, Dieter Drexler, Luca Ferrari, Daniela Fraier, Rand Jenkins, John Kadavil, Lloyd King, Wenkui Li, Gustavo Mendes Lima Santos, Adrien Musuku, Ragu Ramanathan, Yoshiro Saito, Natasha Savoie, Scott Summerfield, Rachel Sun, Nilufer Tampal, Steve Vinter, Jason Wakelin-Smith, Qin Yue
The 2016 10(th) Workshop on Recent Issues in Bioanalysis (10(th) WRIB) took place in Orlando, Florida with participation of close to 700 professionals from pharmaceutical/biopharmaceutical companies, biotechnology companies, contract research organizations, and regulatory agencies worldwide. WRIB was once again a 5-day, weeklong event - A Full Immersion Week of Bioanalysis including Biomarkers and Immunogenicity. As usual, it was specifically designed to facilitate sharing, reviewing, discussing and agreeing on approaches to address the most current issues of interest including both small and large molecule analysis involving LCMS, hybrid LBA/LCMS, and LBA approaches, with the focus on biomarkers and immunogenicity...
October 7, 2016: Bioanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699783/factors-that-impact-on-the-use-of-mechanical-ventilation-weaning-protocols-in-critically-ill-adults-and-children-a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis
#20
REVIEW
Joanne Jordan, Louise Rose, Katie N Dainty, Jane Noyes, Bronagh Blackwood
BACKGROUND: Prolonged mechanical ventilation is associated with a longer intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay and higher mortality. Consequently, methods to improve ventilator weaning processes have been sought. Two recent Cochrane systematic reviews in ICU adult and paediatric populations concluded that protocols can be effective in reducing the duration of mechanical ventilation, but there was significant heterogeneity in study findings. Growing awareness of the benefits of understanding the contextual factors impacting on effectiveness has encouraged the integration of qualitative evidence syntheses with effectiveness reviews, which has delivered important insights into the reasons underpinning (differential) effectiveness of healthcare interventions...
October 4, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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