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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328312/adolescent-substance-use-assessing-the-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-a-school-based-health-center-workforce
#1
Mary M Ramos, Rachel A Sebastian, Mary Murphy, Kristin Oreskovich, Timothy P Condon
BACKGROUND: Recent attention has focused on the potential for school-based health centers (SBHCs) to provide access points for adolescent substance use care. In 2015, the University of New Mexico began screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) training for providers at New Mexico Department of Health (NMDOH)-funded SBHCs across the state. This study assesses baseline knowledge, attitudes, and practices of the New Mexico SBHC provider workforce regarding adolescent substance use and provision of services...
February 8, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328043/csf-tau-and-the-csf-tau-abeta-ratio-for-the-diagnosis-of-alzheimer-s-disease-dementia-and-other-dementias-in-people-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-mci
#2
REVIEW
Craig Ritchie, Nadja Smailagic, Anna H Noel-Storr, Obioha Ukoumunne, Emma C Ladds, Steven Martin
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that measurable change in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers occurs years in advance of the onset of clinical symptoms (Beckett 2010). In this review, we aimed to assess the ability of CSF tau biomarkers (t-tau and p-tau) and the CSF tau (t-tau or p-tau)/ABeta ratio to enable the detection of Alzheimer's disease pathology in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). These biomarkers have been proposed as important in new criteria for Alzheimer's disease dementia that incorporate biomarker abnormalities...
March 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325158/-clinical-application-of-rom-in-psychosis
#3
M Tasma, M Swart, G Wolters, E J Liemburg, R Bruggemans, H Knegtering, S Castelein
AIM: The use of 'routine outcome monitoring' (ROM) in mental health care has increased widely during the past decade. However, little is known about the use of ROM outcome in daily clinical practice. We investigated to what extent ROM results were reflected in psychotic patients' treatment plans. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHOD: The ROM-Phamous, a ROM-protocol for patients with psychotic disorders in which data is collected on the basis of interviews, questionnaires and physical examination was implemented in the northern Netherlands...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292313/relationship-between-family-caregiver-burden-and-physical-frailty-in-older-adults-without-dementia-a-systematic-review
#4
Thom Ringer, Afeez Abiola Hazzan, Arnav Agarwal, Adam Mutsaers, Alexandra Papaioannou
BACKGROUND: Physical frailty is a prevalent syndrome in older adults that increases vulnerability for a range of adverse outcomes including increased dependency and death. Caregivers of older adults experience significant physical, emotional, and financial burden, which is associated with poor physical and mental health. While it is known that care recipients' dementia is associated with burden, the literature regarding the impact of physical frailty on burden has yet to be synthesized...
March 14, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280896/surgeon-manipulated-live-surgery-video-recording-apparatuses-personal-experience-and-review-of-literature
#5
REVIEW
Emin Kapi
BACKGROUND: Visual recording of surgical procedures is a method that is used quite frequently in practices of plastic surgery. While presentations containing photographs are quite common in education seminars and congresses, video-containing presentations find more favour. For this reason, the presentation of surgical procedures in the form of real-time video display has increased especially recently. Appropriate technical equipment for video recording is not available in most hospitals, so there is a need to set up external apparatus in the operating room...
March 9, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280894/clinical-outcomes-in-breast-reconstruction-patients-using-a-sterile-acellular-dermal-matrix-allograft
#6
Juan A Ortiz
BACKGROUND: Human acellular dermal matrices (ADMs) have enabled successful breast reconstructions while decreasing muscle donor morbidity and pain for the patient. However, some literature reports indicate an increase in complications, especially infection. The decellularization and terminal sterilization properties of DermACELL (D-ADM), a human ADM, may reduce the rate of complications in augmented breast reconstruction while still maintaining successful outcomes. In the study presented here, we evaluate the quality and safety of outcomes with the use of D-ADM during tissue expander breast reconstruction...
March 9, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279205/sharing-interim-trial-results-by-the-data-safety-monitoring-board-with-those-responsible-for-the-trial-s-conduct-and-progress-a-narrative-review
#7
REVIEW
Victoria Borg Debono, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Lehana Thabane
BACKGROUND: Sharing interim data, results or result extrapolations is an important issue that can affect trial integrity. The different ways in which Data Safety Monitoring Boards (DSMBs) share interim results with non-DSMB members and the acceptability of such practices are poorly understood. Our objective was to undertake a narrative review specifically on what kind of interim results, if any, should be shared by the DSMB with non-DSMB members and why. METHODS: We conducted a narrative review using a systematic search strategy of several databases and major health research stakeholders...
March 9, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277049/full-journal-publication-of-abstracts-presented-at-the-nordic-congress-of-general-practice-in-2009-and-2011
#8
Frans Boch Waldorff, Kristine Petersen, Siri Vinther, Håkon Sandholdt, Volkert Siersma, John Sahl Andersen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the overall publication rates for abstracts presented at two consecutive Nordic Congresses of General Practice and to evaluate determinants for these publication rates. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: MEDLINE (PubMed) and Google Scholar were searched for relevant publications from 1 January 2009 up until 31 August 2014. METHODS: Abstracts accepted for oral or poster presentation were identified from the original congress booklets from the Nordic Congresses of General Practice in 2009 and 2011...
March 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262913/pharmacological-interventions-for-recurrent-abdominal-pain-in-childhood
#9
REVIEW
Alice E Martin, Tamsin V Newlove-Delgado, Rebecca A Abbott, Alison Bethel, Joanna Thompson-Coon, Rebecca Whear, Stuart Logan
BACKGROUND: Between 4% and 25% of school-aged children at some stage complain of recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) of sufficient severity to interfere with their daily lives. When no clear organic cause is found, the children are managed with reassurance and simple measures; a large range of pharmacological interventions have been recommended for use in these children. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of pharmacological interventions for RAP in children of school age...
March 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245906/definition-of-infection-after-fracture-fixation-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials-to-evaluate-current-practice
#10
REVIEW
W J Metsemakers, K Kortram, M Morgenstern, T F Moriarty, I Meex, R Kuehl, S Nijs, R G Richards, M Raschke, O Borens, S L Kates, C Zalavras, P V Giannoudis, M H J Verhofstad
INTRODUCTION: One of the most challenging musculoskeletal complications in modern trauma surgery is infection after fracture fixation (IAFF). Although infections are clinically obvious in many cases, a clear definition of the term IAFF is crucial, not only for the evaluation of published research data but also for the establishment of uniform treatment concepts. The aim of this systematic review was to identify the definitions used in the scientific literature to describe infectious complications after internal fixation of fractures...
February 20, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245737/hearing-disorders-in-cats
#11
George M Strain
Practical relevance: Auditory function is a sense that is central to life for cats - being important in situational awareness of potential predators, pursuit of prey, and for communication with conspecifics, humans and other species. Deafness in cats is most frequently the result of a genetic disorder, strongly associated with white fur and blue eyes, but may also result from acquired causes such as advancing age, ototoxic drugs, infection, environmental noise and physical trauma. Deafness can be sensorineural, where there is loss of cochlear hair cells, or conductive, where sound is muffled on its way to the inner ear...
March 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241773/zika-virus-infection-in-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-of-disease-course-and-complications
#12
REVIEW
Ezinne C Chibueze, Veronika Tirado, Katharina da Silva Lopes, Olukunmi O Balogun, Yo Takemoto, Toshiyuki Swa, Amarjargal Dagvadorj, Chie Nagata, Naho Morisaki, Clara Menendez, Erika Ota, Rintaro Mori, Olufemi T Oladapo
OBJECTIVES: To characterize maternal Zika virus (ZIKV) infection and complement the evidence base for the WHO interim guidance on pregnancy management in the context of ZIKV infection. METHODS: We searched the relevant database from inception until March 2016. Two review authors independently screened and assessed full texts of eligible reports and extracted data from relevant studies. The quality of studies was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) and the National Institute of Health (NIH) tool for observational studies and case series/reports, respectively...
February 28, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230673/va-grants-most-aprns-full-practice-authority
#13
Dalia Sofer
But certified registered nurse anesthetists are excluded.
March 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211045/walk-in-clinics-versus-physician-offices-and-emergency-rooms-for-urgent-care-and-chronic-disease-management
#14
REVIEW
Connie E Chen, Christopher T Chen, Jia Hu, Ateev Mehrotra
BACKGROUND: Walk-in clinics are growing in popularity around the world as a substitute for traditional medical care delivered in physician offices and emergency rooms, but their clinical efficacy is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To assess the quality of care and patient satisfaction of walk-in clinics compared to that of traditional physician offices and emergency rooms for people who present with basic medical complaints for either acute or chronic issues. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, six other databases, and two trials registers on 22 March 2016 together with reference checking, citation searching, and contact with study authors to identify additional studies...
February 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204938/total-nasal-reconstruction-for-extruded-pending-extrusion-and-severely-displaced-silicone-nasal-implants-in-asian-patients
#15
Darryl J Hodgkinson
The Australian population is 10% of Asian origin, and many of our Asian patients have had nasal augmentation using prosthetic material prior to immigration or as medical tourists back in their country of origin. Insertion of nasal prostheses is the most common way to augment the nasal dorsum in the Asian patient and although there is a trend towards autogenous primary augmentation still, the vast majority of patients seen in clinical practice have had augmentation by the insertion of foreign material generally silicone...
February 15, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204928/advocating-the-use-of-absorbable-sutures-for-columellar-incisions-following-open-rhinoplasty
#16
I Beegun, H A Saleh
Rapidly absorbable skin sutures have been found to be of use in numerous settings including for the closure of the columellar incision following open rhinoplasty. Its removal does not routinely require trimming, and the sutures tend to fall off with minimal intervention 10-14 days postoperatively. This practice has a good acceptance by patients and utilises less resources in the follow-up period. Level of evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www...
February 15, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175965/effects-of-platelet-rich-plasma-on-tissue-expansion-in-rabbits
#17
Wang Jinming, Liu Caiyue, Wu Baojin, Liu Antang, Zhang Yingfan, Wang Hui, Zhu Lie, Jiang Hua
BACKGROUND: Tissue expansion has been widely applied in clinic practice. However, the expanded skin is always insufficient for clinical use and how to promote tissue expansion is still a challenge. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) contains multiple tissue growth factors and has been widely utilized in hard- and soft-tissue augmentation. However, its feasibility to promote tissue expansion has not been explored. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the possible effect of PRP in tissue expansion...
February 7, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163667/current-practice-and-perspectives-in-cro-oversight-based-on-a-survey-performed-among-members-of-the-german-association-of-research-based-pharmaceutical-companies-vfa
#18
Michael Hennig, Ferdinand Hundt, Susanne Busta, Stefan Mikus, Per-Holger Sanden, Andrea Sörgel, Thorsten Ruppert
In recent years, the number and scope of outsourced activities in the pharmaceutical industry have increased heavily. In addition, also the type of outsourcing has changed significantly in that time. This raises the question of whether and how sponsors retain the capability to select and to control the contract research organizations (CROs) involved and what expertise still has to be present in the development department as well as other relevant departments to ensure adequate oversight, also in line with the expectations of regulators and health authorities...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158165/ketamine-an-update-on-cellular-and-subcellular-mechanisms-with-implications-for-clinical-practice
#19
Gary J Iacobucci, Ognjen Visnjevac, Leili Pourafkari, Nader Djalal Nader
BACKGROUND: Ketamine is one of the oldest hypnotic agents used to provide an anesthetic agent with analgesic properties and minimal suppressive effects on respiration. The ability of ketamine in modulating glutamatergic (N-methyl D-aspartate) pain receptors has made this anesthetic drug a new option for the management of patients with chronic pain syndromes. Further preclinical and clinical findings suggest ketamine may have wide ranging effects on both cognition and development. Recent advances have revealed an unprecedented role for ketamine in the acute management of depression...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155990/dance-movement-therapy-for-dementia
#20
REVIEW
Vicky Karkou, Bonnie Meekums
BACKGROUND: Dementia is a collective name for different degenerative brain syndromes which, according to Alzheimer's Disease International, affects approximately 35.6 million people worldwide. The latest NICE guideline for dementia highlights the value of diverse treatment options for the different stages and symptoms of dementia including non-pharmacological treatments. Relevant literature also argues for the value of interventions that acknowledge the complexity of the condition and address the person as a whole, including their physical, emotional, social and cognitive processes...
February 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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