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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634702/rectus-abdominis-fat-transfer-raft-in-lipoabdominoplasty-a-new-technique-to-achieve-fitness-body-contour-in-patients-that-require-tummy-tuck
#1
Stefan Danilla
OBJECTIVE: To describe a new technique to achieve a fit-look in lipoabdominoplasty patients through liposculpture and rectus abdominis fat transfer (RAFT). METHODS: Patients with a body mass index under 26 and of both genders scheduled for abdominoplasty or body lift were selected for this procedure. Fat was transferred directly to the rectus abdominis muscle after flap elevation during lipoabdominoplasty. RESULTS: A total of 26 patients were operated on with this technique...
June 20, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629463/how-understanding-and-application-of-drug-related-legal-instruments-affects-harm-reduction-interventions-in-cambodia-a-qualitative-study
#2
Sovannary Tuot, Chanrith Ngin, Khuondyla Pal, Sochenda Sou, Ghazal Sawez, Phylicia Morgan, Mony Srey, Tola Chan, Pheak Chhoun, Olga Golichenko, Sok Chamreun Choub, Siyan Yi
BACKGROUND: Harm reduction interventions in Cambodia face numerous obstacles because of conflicting understanding and interests and inconsistencies in the implementation by law enforcement officials. This study aims to examine how understanding and application of Drug Control Law (DCL) and Village/Commune Safety Policy (VCSP) affects harm reduction interventions in Cambodia from the standpoints of law enforcement officials, people who inject drugs and people who use drugs (PWID/PWUD), as well as other key stakeholders...
June 19, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629396/identifying-approaches-for-assessing-methodological-and-reporting-quality-of-systematic-reviews-a-descriptive-study
#3
Kusala Pussegoda, Lucy Turner, Chantelle Garritty, Alain Mayhew, Becky Skidmore, Adrienne Stevens, Isabelle Boutron, Rafael Sarkis-Onofre, Lise M Bjerre, Asbjørn Hróbjartsson, Douglas G Altman, David Moher
BACKGROUND: The methodological quality and completeness of reporting of the systematic reviews (SRs) is fundamental to optimal implementation of evidence-based health care and the reduction of research waste. Methods exist to appraise SRs yet little is known about how they are used in SRs or where there are potential gaps in research best-practice guidance materials. The aims of this study are to identify reports assessing the methodological quality (MQ) and/or reporting quality (RQ) of a cohort of SRs and to assess their number, general characteristics, and approaches to 'quality' assessment over time...
June 19, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625099/toxicology-in-clinical-laboratories-challenging-times
#4
N W Brown
In recent years, there have been a number of significant developments in toxicology within clinical laboratories, both with the available instrumentation and in the range of compounds abused by the drug using communities. There have also been developments in the regulation of forensic science in the UK which may in time impact clinical toxicology. This review is designed to provide an update of these changes within toxicology to the more general pathology laboratory audience. For detailed information in specific areas, the reader is referred to the references in the text...
June 19, 2017: British Journal of Biomedical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624758/prevalence-incidence-and-aetiologies-of-pulmonary-hypertension-in-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#5
Jean Joel Bigna, Jean Jacques Noubiap, Jobert Richie Nansseu, Leopold Ndemnge Aminde
INTRODUCTION: There are no data summarising the epidemiology of pulmonary hypertension (PH) among adults residing in Africa. Establishment of accurate epidemiological data on PH in this region may guide decision-making toward interventions to curb the burden of PH in Africa. The aim of this systematic review is to determine the prevalence, incidence and aetiologies of PH among people residing in Africa. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This systematic review and meta-analysis will follow the MOOSE guidelines for reporting...
June 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623124/development-and-implementation-of-the-compensation-plan-for-pharmacy-services-in-alberta-canada
#6
Rene R Breault, Jeff G Whissell, Christine A Hughes, Theresa J Schindel
OBJECTIVE: To describe experiences with development and implementation of a compensation plan for pharmacy services delivered by pharmacists in community pharmacies. SETTING: Community pharmacy practice in Alberta, Canada. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Pharmacists in Alberta have one of the most progressive scopes of practice in North America. They have authority to prescribe drugs independently, administer drugs by injection, access electronic health records, and order laboratory tests...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617011/the-long-road-from-policy-to-practice
#7
Patricia B Nemec, Michelle G Mullen
TOPIC: As behavioral health care policies evolve, based on shifting paradigms and a developing base of evidence, day-to-day practices at the direct service level must change. Workforce development initiatives are a critical component to effect such change yet may be overlooked, underfunded, or implemented in ways that are ineffective. PURPOSE: This article highlights considerations for training focused on policy, for training issues relevant across recent policy initiatives, and components of effective workforce development initiatives...
June 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614897/-health-care-for-refugees-challenges-and-opportunities-in-hamburg
#8
Elke Jakubowski, Cornelius Rau, Sibylle Quellhorst, Peter Sothmann, Anita Plenge-Bönig, Johannes Niessen
The massive increase in the number of refugees represents a great challenge to German cities. In Hamburg, 40 868 asylum seekers were registered in 2015, of which 22 315 remained in the city. The goal of the health administration is to provide primary medical care in response to specific health risks and needs of refugees while allowing them to be swiftly integrated into the standard health care system. Public authorities, charities and civil society are working hand in hand. In all reception centres in Hamburg, medical consultations with translation services are offered in fully equipped medical container practices...
June 14, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611886/managing-acute-behavioural-disturbances-in-the-emergency-department-using-the-environment-policies-and-practices-a-systematic-review
#9
Tracey J Weiland, Sean Ivory, Jennie Hutton
INTRODUCTION: Effective strategies for managing acute behavioural disturbances (ABDs) within emergency departments (EDs) are needed given their rising occurrence and negative impact on safety, psychological wellbeing, and staff turnover. Non-pharmacological interventions for ABD management generally fall into four categories: environmental modifications; policies; practice changes; and education. Our objective was to systematically review the efficacy of strategies for ABD management within EDs that involved changes to environment, architecture, policy and practice...
June 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609476/effective-strategies-to-motivate-nursing-home-residents-in-oral-care-and-to-prevent-or-reduce-responsive-behaviors-to-oral-care-a-systematic-review
#10
Matthias Hoben, Angelle Kent, Nadia Kobagi, Kha Tu Huynh, Alix Clarke, Minn N Yoon
BACKGROUND: Poor oral health has been a persistent problem in nursing home residents for decades, with severe consequences for residents and the health care system. Two major barriers to providing appropriate oral care are residents' responsive behaviors to oral care and residents' lack of ability or motivation to perform oral care on their own. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of strategies that nursing home care providers can apply to either prevent/overcome residents' responsive behaviors to oral care, or enable/motivate residents to perform their own oral care...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606201/the-writer-s-guide-to-education-scholarship-in-emergency-medicine-systematic-reviews-and-the-scholarship-of-integration-part-4
#11
Aleisha Murnaghan, Kristen Weersink, Brent Thoma, Andrew K Hall, Teresa Chan
OBJECTIVE: Reviews help scholars consolidate evidence and guide their educational practice. However, few papers describe how to effectively publish review papers. We completed a scoping review to develop a set of quality indicators that will assist junior authors to publish reviews and integrative scholarship. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, ERIC, and Google Scholar were searched for English language articles published between 2012 and January 2016 using the terms review, medical education, how to publish, and emergency medicine...
June 13, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604136/updates-in-venous-thromboembolism-management-evidence-published-in-2016
#12
Matthew Bartlett, Karen F Mauck, Dennis M Bierle, Rayya A Saadiq, Paul R Daniels
The management of venous thromboembolic disease (VTE) is rapidly evolving and staying updated on practice-changing evidence can be challenging. In an attempt to alleviate this daunting task, we sought to determine the most important practice-informing articles published in 2016 relevant to the non-specialist provider managing VTE. We performed a systematic search of the literature, limiting the search to a publication date of 2016 (see Supplementary Appendix). Two reviewers screened the 3819 resulting abstracts to identify high-quality, clinically relevant publications related to VTE management...
June 19, 2017: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600842/a-scoping-review-of-epidemiologic-risk-factors-for-pediatric-obesity-implications-for-future-childhood-obesity-and-dental-caries-prevention-research
#13
Donald L Chi, Monique Luu, Frances Chu
RESEARCH QUESTIONS: What are the non-modifiable (socioeconomic, genetic) and modifiable factors (physical activity, dietary behaviors) related to childhood (under age 12) obesity? How can this knowledge be applied to oral health professionals' efforts to prevent or manage dental caries in children? OBJECTIVES: Studies have identified risk factors for childhood obesity. The purpose of this scoping review was to develop a conceptual model to identify non-modifiable and modifiable risk factors for childhood obesity and to illustrate how these findings are relevant in developing interventions aimed at preventing obesity and dental caries in children...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598293/stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-for-de-novo-spinal-metastases-systematic-review
#14
Zain A Husain, Arjun Sahgal, Antonio De Salles, Melissa Funaro, Janis Glover, Motohiro Hayashi, Masahiro Hiraoka, Marc Levivier, Lijun Ma, Roberto Martínez-Alvarez, J Ian Paddick, Jean Régis, Ben J Slotman, Samuel Ryu
OBJECTIVE The aim of this systematic review was to provide an objective summary of the published literature pertaining to the use of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) specific to previously untreated spinal metastases. METHODS The authors performed a systematic review, using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, of the literature found in a search of Medline, PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library up to March 2015. The search strategy was limited to publications in the English language...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592576/patient-reported-outcome-measures-proms-for-assessing-perceived-listening-effort-in-hearing-loss-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#15
Sarah E Hughes, Frances L Rapport, Isabelle Boisvert, Catherine M McMahon, Hayley A Hutchings
INTRODUCTION: In the UK, it is estimated that a disabling hearing loss (HL) affects 1 in 6 people. HL has functional, economic and social-emotional consequences for affected individuals. Intervention for HL focuses on improving access to the auditory signal using hearing aids or cochlear implants. However, even if sounds are audible and speech is understood, individuals with HL often report increased effort when listening.Listening effort (LE) may be measured using self-reported measures such as patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs)...
June 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582428/sex-in-the-shadow-of-hiv-a-systematic-review-of-prevalence-risk-factors-and-interventions-to-reduce-sexual-risk-taking-among-hiv-positive-adolescents-and-youth-in-sub-saharan-africa
#16
Elona Toska, Marija Pantelic, Franziska Meinck, Katharina Keck, Roxanna Haghighat, Lucie Cluver
BACKGROUND: Evidence on sexual risk-taking among HIV-positive adolescents and youth in sub-Saharan Africa is urgently needed. This systematic review synthesizes the extant research on prevalence, factors associated with, and interventions to reduce sexual risk-taking among HIV-positive adolescents and youth in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: Studies were located through electronic databases, grey literature, reference harvesting, and contact with researchers. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were followed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572733/the-jordan-food-and-drug-administration-comparison-of-its-registration-process-with-australia-canada-saudi-arabia-and-singapore
#17
Wesal Salem Al Haqaish, Hayel Obeidat, Prisha Patel, Stuart Walker
OBJECTIVE: This study outlines the current regulatory review process and good review practices (GRevPs) at the Jordan Food and Drug Administration (JFDA) and compares them with those of regulatory agencies in Australia, Canada, Saudi Arabia and Singapore to gauge how well the JFDA is performing. We identify opportunities for further development of the JFDA as a key global reference agency. METHODS: Personnel within the JFDA completed a questionnaire comprising four sections: organisation, key milestones, review timelines, and GRevPs...
2017: Pharmaceutical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570732/interventions-to-improve-oral-chemotherapy-safety-and-quality-a-systematic-review
#18
Jessica A Zerillo, Benjamin A Goldenberg, Ritesh R Kotecha, Alok K Tewari, Joseph O Jacobson, Monika K Krzyzanowska
Importance: With the growing use of oral chemotherapy, there is an urgent need to develop safe and effective systems to administer and manage these agents. A comprehensive synthesis of literature on oral chemotherapy care delivery programs to which clinicians can look for best practices is lacking. Objective: To summarize the peer-reviewed and gray literature on interventions to improve oral chemotherapy care delivery toward describing best practices and identifying current gaps...
June 1, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538612/scleral-contact-lenses-in-an-academic-oculoplastics-clinic-epidemiology-and-emerging-considerations
#19
Harinder S Chahal, Marcela Estrada, Christine W Sindt, Jacob A Boehme, Mark A Greiner, Jeffrey A Nerad, Keith D Carter, Richard C Allen, Erin M Shriver
PURPOSE: To describe the role and efficacy of scleral contact lenses (SCLs) in the treatment of progressive keratopathy in patients who have undergone periocular surgical procedures, to investigate the financial impact of these surgical interventions, and to demonstrate the role of oculoplastic surgery in improving scleral contact lens fit. METHODS: A retrospective medical record review was performed to identify patients who both received SCLs and were examined by the oculoplastics service at the University of Iowa between January 1990 and December 2015...
May 22, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536929/inferior-pedicle-reduction-mammoplasty-with-or-without-tourniquet-a-comparative-study
#20
Canser Yilmaz Demir, Yılmaz Sultanoglu, Omer Faruk Kocak, Muhammet Eren Ersoz
OBJECTIVE: To compare the perioperative findings of inferior pedicle reduction mammoplasty (IPRM) performed with or without a tourniquet. METHODS: This study was carried out in the plastic and reconstructive surgery department at a tertiary care center on a total of 42 consecutive women scheduled for IPRM. Patients in Group I (n = 21) underwent surgery using a tourniquet, whereas patients in Group II (n = 21) were operated on without a tourniquet. Levels of hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit (Hct), Hct/Hb ratio, and platelet counts were noted preoperatively and on postoperative 24th and 48th h...
May 23, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
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