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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101848/open-access-to-scientific-articles-a-review-of-benefits-and-challenges
#1
Bo-Christer Björk
The Internet has fundamentally changed the publishing of scholarly peer reviewed journals, and the way readers find and access articles. Digital access is nowadays the norm, in particular for researchers. The Internet has enabled a totally new business model, Open Access (OA), in which an article is openly available in full text for anyone with Internet access. This article reviews the different options to achieve this, whether by journals changing their revenue structures from subscription to publishing charges, or authors utilizing a number of options for posting OA versions of article manuscripts in repositories...
January 18, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099059/family-physician-readiness-for-value-based-payments-does-ownership-status-matter
#2
Heidy Robertson-Cooper, Bradley Neaderhiser, Laura E Happe, Roy A Beveridge
Value-based payments are rapidly replacing fee-for-service arrangements, necessitating advancements in physician practice capabilities and functions. The objective of this study was to examine potential differences among family physicians who are owners versus employed with respect to their readiness for value-based payment models. The authors surveyed more than 550 family physicians from the American Academy of Family Physician's membership; nearly 75% had made changes to participate in value-based payments...
January 18, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062963/does-demand-for-breast-augmentation-reflect-national-financial-trends
#3
L Kearney, R T Dolan, A J Clover, E J Kelly, E O'Broin, M O'Shaughnessy, S T O'Sullivan
: Aesthetic plastic surgery is a consumer-driven industry, subject to influence by financial forces. A changing economic environment may thus impact on the demand for surgery. The aim of this study was to explore trends in demand for bilateral breast augmentation (BBA) in consecutively presenting patients over an 11-year period and to examine if a correlation exists between these trends and changes in Gross Domestic Product (GDP), a key economic indicator. This study revealed a correlation between annual number of breast augmentation procedures performed and GDP values (r (2) = 0...
January 7, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057024/behavior-change-interventions-and-policies-influencing-primary-healthcare-professionals-practice-an-overview-of-reviews
#4
REVIEW
Bhupendrasinh F Chauhan, Maya Jeyaraman, Amrinder Singh Mann, Justin Lys, Becky Skidmore, Kathryn M Sibley, Ahmed Abou-Setta, Ryan Zarychanksi
BACKGROUND: There is a plethora of interventions and policies aimed at changing practice habits of primary healthcare professionals, but it is unclear which are the most appropriate, sustainable, and effective. We aimed to evaluate the evidence on behavior change interventions and policies directed at healthcare professionals working in primary healthcare centers. METHODS: Study design: overview of reviews. DATA SOURCE: MEDLINE (Ovid), Embase (Ovid), The Cochrane Library (Wiley), CINAHL (EbscoHost), and grey literature (January 2005 to July 2015)...
January 5, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048509/th-a-brc-03-aapm-tg218-measurement-methods-and-tolerance-levels-for-patient-specific-imrt-verification-qa
#5
M Miften
: AAPM TG-135U1 QA for Robotic Radiosurgery - Sonja Dieterich Since the publication of AAPM TG-135 in 2011, the technology of robotic radiosurgery has rapidly developed. AAPM TG-135U1 will provide recommendations on the clinical practice for using the IRIS collimator, fiducial-less real-time motion tracking, and Monte Carlo based treatment planning. In addition, it will summarize currently available literature about uncertainties. LEARNING OBJECTIVES: 1. Understand the progression of technology since the first TG publication 2...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047759/th-a-brc-00-new-task-groups-for-external-beam-qa-an-overview
#6
Sonja Dieterich
: AAPM TG-135U1 QA for Robotic Radiosurgery - Sonja Dieterich Since the publication of AAPM TG-135 in 2011, the technology of robotic radiosurgery has rapidly developed. AAPM TG-135U1 will provide recommendations on the clinical practice for using the IRIS collimator, fiducial-less real-time motion tracking, and Monte Carlo based treatment planning. In addition, it will summarize currently available literature about uncertainties. LEARNING OBJECTIVES: 1. Understand the progression of technology since the first TG publication 2...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047104/th-a-brc-01-aapm-tg-135u1-qa-for-robotic-radiosurgery
#7
S Dieterich
: AAPM TG-135U1 QA for Robotic Radiosurgery - Sonja Dieterich Since the publication of AAPM TG-135 in 2011, the technology of robotic radiosurgery has rapidly developed. AAPM TG-135U1 will provide recommendations on the clinical practice for using the IRIS collimator, fiducial-less real-time motion tracking, and Monte Carlo based treatment planning. In addition, it will summarize currently available literature about uncertainties. LEARNING OBJECTIVES: 1. Understand the progression of technology since the first TG publication 2...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046441/th-a-brc-02-aapm-tg-178-gamma-stereotactic-radiosurgery-dosimetry-and-quality-assurance
#8
S Goetsch
: AAPM TG-135U1 QA for Robotic Radiosurgery - Sonja Dieterich Since the publication of AAPM TG-135 in 2011, the technology of robotic radiosurgery has rapidly developed. AAPM TG-135U1 will provide recommendations on the clinical practice for using the IRIS collimator, fiducial-less real-time motion tracking, and Monte Carlo based treatment planning. In addition, it will summarize currently available literature about uncertainties. LEARNING OBJECTIVES: 1. Understand the progression of technology since the first TG publication 2...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032162/a-practical-technique-for-reduction-of-the-bony-nasal-dorsum-height-using-kazanjian-bone-cutting-forceps
#9
Yalcin Yontar, Sedat Tatar
BACKGROUND: Resection of the nasal hump is one of the most critical steps of the rhinoplasty procedure, which is quite prone to complications when performed improperly or inappropriately. In this article, a practical, facile and minimally traumatic hump resection technique using Kazanjian bone-cutting forceps is presented with excellent cosmetic and functional results. METHODS: Fifty-seven consecutive primary (septo-)rhinoplasty patients with wide nasal bases, and various sizes of nasal humps, were enrolled in the study...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026877/school-based-education-programmes-for-the-prevention-of-unintentional-injuries-in-children-and-young-people
#10
REVIEW
Elizabeth Orton, Jessica Whitehead, Jacqueline Mhizha-Murira, Mandy Clarkson, Michael C Watson, Caroline A Mulvaney, Joy Ul Staniforth, Munish Bhuchar, Denise Kendrick
BACKGROUND: Unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death in children aged four to 18 years and are a major cause of ill health. The school setting offers the opportunity to deliver preventive interventions to a large number of children and has been used to address a range of public health problems. However, the effectiveness of the school setting for the prevention of different injury mechanisms in school-aged children is not well understood. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of school-based educational programmes for the prevention of injuries in children and evaluate their impact on improving children's safety skills, behaviour and practices, and knowledge, and assess their cost-effectiveness...
December 27, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012281/a-critical-evaluation-of-existing-diabetic-foot-screening-guidelines
#11
Cynthia Formosa, Alfred Gatt, Nachiappan Chockalingam
AIM: To evaluate critically the current guidelines for foot screening in patients with diabetes, and to examine their relevance in terms of advancement in clinical practice, improvement in technology, and change in socio-cultural structure. METHODS: A structured literature search was conducted in Pubmed/Medline, CINAHL, Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials, and Google between January 2011 and January 2015 using the keywords '(Diabetes) AND (Foot Screening) AND (Guidelines)'...
July 2016: Review of Diabetic Studies: RDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008756/cost-effectiveness-and-robot-assisted-urologic-surgery-does-it-make-dollars-and-sense
#12
Ryan W Dobbs, Brenden P Magnan, Nikita Abhyankar, Ashok K Hemal, Ben Challacombe, Jim Hu, Prokar Dasgupta, Francesco Porpiglia, Simone Crivellaro
INTRODUCTION: The introduction of the robotic surgical platform has led to distinct changes in practice patterns and the utilization of minimally invasive surgery in urology. While use of the robotic system is associated with improvements in perioperative outcomes such as estimated blood loss and hospital stay, there are significant fixed and variable costs with the purchase, maintenance and use of the robotics system that has led many authors to investigate the cost effectiveness of robotic urologic surgery...
December 22, 2016: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001018/advanced-practice-registered-nurses-final-rule-with-comment-period
#13
(no author information available yet)
The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is amending its medical regulations to permit full practice authority of three roles of VA advanced practice registered nurses (APRN) when they are acting within the scope of their VA employment. Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNA) will not be included in VA's full practice authority under this final rule, but comment is requested on whether there are access issues or other unconsidered circumstances that might warrant their inclusion in a future rulemaking...
14, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993167/prognostic-value-of-cross-omics-screening-for-kidney-clear-cell-renal-cancer-survival
#14
Slavica Dimitrieva, Ralph Schlapbach, Hubert Rehrauer
BACKGROUND: Kidney renal clear cell carcinoma (KIRC) is a type of cancer that is resistant to chemotherapy and radiotherapy and has limited treatment possibilities. Large-scale molecular profiling of KIRC tumors offers a great potential to uncover the genetic and epigenetic changes underlying this disease and to improve the clinical management of KIRC patients. However, in practice the clinicians and researchers typically focus on single-platform molecular data or on a small set of genes...
December 20, 2016: Biology Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968874/time-since-migration-and-breastfeeding-duration-among-mainland-chinese-immigrant-women-a-two-phase-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Kris Y W Lok, Dorothy L Bai, Noel Pt Chan, Janet Yh Wong, Marie Tarrant
BACKGROUND: Substantial breastfeeding disparities exist among various ethnic and racial groups, and between mainland Chinese immigrants and native born Chinese women. However, few studies have addressed the effect of migration on mainland Chinese immigrants or the effect of time since migration on breastfeeding practices. Hong Kong, SAR, China, provides a unique opportunity since immigrants are from one country and share the same race and ethnic origin. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine the effect of time since migration on the breastfeeding practices of native Hong Kong-born and mainland Chinese immigrant mothers in Hong Kong...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923680/the-100-most-cited-manuscripts-in-emergency-abdominal-surgery-a-bibliometric-analysis
#16
Thomas Ellul, Nicholas Bullock, Tarig Abdelrahman, Arfon G M T Powell, Jolene Witherspoon, Wyn G Lewis
BACKGROUND: The number of citations a scientific article receives provides a good indication of its impact within any given field. This bibliometric analysis aimed to identify the 100 most cited articles in Emergency Abdominal Surgery (EAS), to highlight key areas of interest and identify those that have most significantly shaped contemporary clinical practice in this newly evolving surgical specialty. This is of increasing relevance as concerns grow regarding the variable and suboptimal outcomes in Emergency General Surgery...
January 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923641/expanded-pharmacy-technician-roles-accepting-verbal-prescriptions-and-communicating-prescription-transfers
#17
Timothy P Frost, Alex J Adams
As the role of the clinical pharmacist continues to develop and advance, it is critical to ensure pharmacists can operate in a practice environment and workflow that supports the full deployment of their clinical skills. When pharmacy technician roles are optimized, patient safety can be enhanced and pharmacists may dedicate more time to advanced clinical services. Currently, 17 states allow technicians to accept verbal prescriptions called in by a prescriber or prescriber's agent, or transfer a prescription order from one pharmacy to another...
November 29, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918408/full-practice-authority-for-nurse-practitioners
#18
Deborah Dillon, Faye Gary
Implementation of the Affordable Care Act (2010) enabled more than 30 million people to have new access to primary care services. On the basis of current utilization patterns, demand for primary care providers is expected to grow more rapidly than physician supply. This imbalance is expected to worsen, as the aging population requires more health care resources. In addition, more patients are requiring critical care services and physician numbers are not keeping with this growing need. Restrictions on resident physician practice hours have impacted inpatient care as well...
January 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885658/early-skin-to-skin-contact-for-mothers-and-their-healthy-newborn-infants
#19
REVIEW
Elizabeth R Moore, Nils Bergman, Gene C Anderson, Nancy Medley
BACKGROUND: Mother-infant separation post birth is common. In standard hospital care, newborn infants are held wrapped or dressed in their mother's arms, placed in open cribs or under radiant warmers. Skin-to-skin contact (SSC) begins ideally at birth and should last continually until the end of the first breastfeeding. SSC involves placing the dried, naked baby prone on the mother's bare chest, often covered with a warm blanket. According to mammalian neuroscience, the intimate contact inherent in this place (habitat) evokes neuro-behaviors ensuring fulfillment of basic biological needs...
25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884208/what-are-the-best-methodologies-for-rapid-reviews-of-the-research-evidence-for-evidence-informed-decision-making-in-health-policy-and-practice-a-rapid-review
#20
REVIEW
Michelle M Haby, Evelina Chapman, Rachel Clark, Jorge Barreto, Ludovic Reveiz, John N Lavis
BACKGROUND: Rapid reviews have the potential to overcome a key barrier to the use of research evidence in decision making, namely that of the lack of timely and relevant research. This rapid review of systematic reviews and primary studies sought to answer the question: What are the best methodologies to enable a rapid review of research evidence for evidence-informed decision making in health policy and practice? METHODS: This rapid review utilised systematic review methods and was conducted according to a pre-defined protocol including clear inclusion criteria (PROSPERO registration: CRD42015015998)...
November 25, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
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