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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936786/normalized-paper-credit-assignment-a-solution-for-the-ethical-dilemma-induced-by-multiple-important-authors
#1
Hui Fang
With the growth of research collaborations, the average number of authors per article and the phenomenon of equally important authorships have increased. The essence of the phenomenon of equally important authorships is the approximately equal importance of authors, both because of the difficulties in comparing authors' contributions to a paper and some actual research evaluation practices, which (approximately) give full paper credit only to the most important authors. A mechanism for indicating that various authors contributed equally is required to maintain and strengthen collaboration...
September 21, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929177/-falsified-pharmaceutical-products-legislative-measures-in-the-european-union-and-in-germany
#2
REVIEW
Burkhard Sträter
Falsified pharmaceutical products are multi-faceted and driven by great criminal power. The health risks for patients who are frequently very seriously ill are high. The problem in Europe has been recognised. The European Union has created statutory requirements that considerably improve and tighten the system of manufacturing, distribution and documentation, and of pharmaceutical product authorisations. The traceability of each package via safety features is strengthened and made binding by detailed delegated legislation...
September 19, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899303/philosophical-clarity-and-justifying-the-scope-of-advanced-practice-nursing
#3
Pamela G Reed
The United States (US) Department of Veterans Affairs proposed a policy change for nursing practice that would grant full practice authority to advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs) nationwide. In this article, the author briefly explains this proposed policy and explores the relevance and implications of bringing philosophy into policy debates and discussions about the nature and scope of practice.
January 2017: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892119/prophylactic-chemotherapy-for-hydatidiform-mole-to-prevent-gestational-trophoblastic-neoplasia
#4
REVIEW
Qiuyi Wang, Jing Fu, Lina Hu, Fang Fang, Lingxia Xie, Hengxi Chen, Fan He, Taixiang Wu, Theresa A Lawrie
BACKGROUND: This is an update of the original Cochrane Review published in Cochrane Library, Issue 10, 2012.Hydatidiform mole (HM), also called a molar pregnancy, is characterised by an overgrowth of foetal chorionic tissue within the uterus. HMs may be partial (PM) or complete (CM) depending on their gross appearance, histopathology and karyotype. PMs usually have a triploid karyotype, derived from maternal and paternal origins, whereas CMs are diploid and have paternal origins only...
September 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891661/behavioral-health-workforce-development-challenges-in-the-digital-health-era
#5
Patricia B Nemec, Steven Chan
TOPIC: This column describes challenges for hiring, training, and supervising psychiatric rehabilitation service providers for positions that involve the use of digital health technology. PURPOSE: Adoption and implementation of any new technology or technique requires workforce development. This article outlines considerations for policymakers, funders, and service agency administrators as digital health technologies become more widespread. SOURCES USED: The article discusses issues based on professional experience of the authors and available literature...
September 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857487/improving-the-care-of-veterans-the-role-of-nurse-practitioners-in-team-based-population-health-management
#6
Alexandra Hobson, Alexa Curtis
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Improving healthcare delivery for U.S. veterans is a national priority. The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) employs a variety of team-based, population health strategies to address critical issues in veterans' health including the effective management of chronic disease. Nurse practitioners (NPs) are integral members of the VHA patient care team with a substantial role to play in the organization and delivery of healthcare services for veterans. This report explores the contributions of NPs in team-based, population health strategies within the VHA...
August 31, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854589/use-of-the-serum-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-assay-as-a-surrogate-for-polycystic-ovarian-morphology-impact-on-diagnosis-and-phenotypic-classification-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#7
Alice Fraissinet, Geoffroy Robin, Pascal Pigny, Tiphaine Lefebvre, Sophie Catteau-Jonard, Didier Dewailly
STUDY QUESTION: Does the use of the serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) assay to replace or complement ultrasound (U/S) affect the diagnosis or phenotypic distribution of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Combining U/S and the serum AMH assay to define polycystic ovarian morphology (PCOM) diagnoses PCOS (according to the Rotterdam classification) in more patients than definitions using one or the other of these indicators exclusively. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Since 2003, PCOM, as defined by U/S, is one of the three diagnostic criteria for PCOS...
August 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854319/slow-advancement-of-enteral-feed-volumes-to-prevent-necrotising-enterocolitis-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#8
REVIEW
Sam J Oddie, Lauren Young, William McGuire
BACKGROUND: Early enteral feeding practices are potentially modifiable risk factors for necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) in very preterm or very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Observational studies suggest that conservative feeding regimens, including slowly advancing enteral feed volumes, reduce the risk of NEC. However, slow feed advancement may delay establishment of full enteral feeding and may be associated with metabolic and infectious morbidities secondary to prolonged exposure to parenteral nutrition...
August 30, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851401/knowledge-sharing-in-global-health-research-the-impact-uptake-and-cost-of-open-access-to-scholarly-literature
#9
Elise Smith, Stefanie Haustein, Philippe Mongeon, Fei Shu, Valéry Ridde, Vincent Larivière
BACKGROUND: In 1982, the Annals of Virology published a paper showing how Liberia has a highly endemic potential of Ebola warning health authorities of the risk for potential outbreaks; this journal is only available by subscription. Limiting the accessibility of such knowledge may have reduced information propagation toward public health actors who were indeed surprised by and unprepared for the 2014 epidemic. Open access (OA) publication can allow for increased access to global health research (GHR)...
August 29, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842781/closed-suction-drains-after-subcutaneous-mastectomy-for-gynecomastia-do-they-reduce-complications
#10
Jerry W Chao, Janani A Raveendran, Connor Maly, Gary Rogers, Michael Boyajian, Albert K Oh
BACKGROUND: In cases of refractory gynecomastia, surgical excision of excess glandular breast tissue is often warranted. Closed-suction drain placement is commonplace; however, the effect of drains on preventing complications after male breast surgery has not been fully elucidated in the literature. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of drains on reducing seroma and hematoma after subcutaneous mastectomy for gynecomastia. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of patients undergoing subcutaneous mastectomy for gynecomastia over a 10-year period...
August 25, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841872/from-habits-of-attrition-to-modes-of-inclusion-enhancing-the-role-of-private-practitioners-in-routine-disease-surveillance
#11
Revati K Phalkey, Carsten Butsch, Kristine Belesova, Marieke Kroll, Frauke Kraas
BACKGROUND: Private practitioners are the preferred first point of care in a majority of low and middle-income countries and in this position, best placed for the surveillance of diseases. However their contribution to routine surveillance data is marginal. This systematic review aims to explore evidence with regards to the role, contribution, and involvement of private practitioners in routine disease data notification. We examined the factors that determine the inclusion of, and the participation thereof of private practitioners in disease surveillance activities...
August 25, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834807/scope-of-practice-barriers-for-advanced-practice-registered-nurses-a-state-task-force-to-minimize-barriers
#12
Maria A Lofgren, Susan K Berends, Jimmy Reyes, Carmen Wycoff, Meghan Kinnetz, Ami Frohling, Laura Baker, Sue Whitty, Mary Dirks, Mary OʼBrien
Collegial relationships, administrative champions, and persistence are key components to breaking down barriers to advanced practice RN (APRN) practice. This article addresses how Iowa APRNs in a state-sanctioned task force identified barriers for practicing at the top of their licensure in a full practice authority state including defending the right to control the scope of nursing practice in court.
September 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833581/community-mental-health-teams-for-older-people-in-england-variations-in-ways-of-working
#13
Hilde Verbeek, Angela Worden, Mark Wilberforce, Christian Brand, Sue Tucker, Michele Abendstern, David Challis
OBJECTIVE: Integrated community mental health teams (CMHTs) are a key component of specialist old age psychiatry services internationally. However, in England, significant shifts in policy, including a focus on dementia and age inclusive services, have influenced provision. This study portrays teams in 2009 against which subsequent service provision may be compared. METHODS: A bespoke national postal survey of CMHT managers collected data on teams' structure, composition, organisation, working practices, case management, and liaison activities...
August 23, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832394/nocebo-effect-in-meni%C3%A3-re-s-disease-a-meta-analysis-of-placebo-controlled-randomized-controlled-trials
#14
Panagiotis A Dimitriadis, Panagiotis Zis
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the frequency and strength of nocebo effects in trials for Menière disease (MD). DATA SOURCES: A literature search was conducted in PUBMED. The search terms we used were " Menière or Menière's," "treatment," and "placebo." Limitations included article type to be Clinical Trial or Randomized Controlled Trial, text availability to be Full text, Species to be Humans and Language to be English. STUDY SELECTION: We included placebo-controlled pharmaceutical RCTs that referred specifically to MD and recruited at least 10 adults in each arm...
October 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817433/class-wide-access-to-a-commercial-step-1-question-bank-during-preclinical-organ-based-modules-a-pilot-project
#15
James H Baños, Mark E Pepin, Nicholas Van Wagoner
PURPOSE: The authors examined the usefulness of a commercially available Step 1 question bank as a formative academic support tool throughout organ-based modules in an integrated preclinical medical curriculum. The authors also determined the extent to which correlation between question bank utilization and academic metrics varied with Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) scores. METHOD: In 2015, a cohort of 185 first-year medical students at University of Alabama School of Medicine were provided with 18-month full access to a commercially available Step 1 question bank of over 2,100 items throughout organ-based modules, although there were no requirements for use...
August 16, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814261/recent-studies-on-the-care-of-first-febrile-urinary-tract-infection-in-infants-and-children-for-the-pediatric-hospitalist
#16
Ashley G Sutton, Nicole Chandler, Kenneth B Roberts
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common cause of bacterial infection in young children, and accounts for a significant number of pediatric hospitalizations. OBJECTIVE: To review recent publications focusing on the care of children hospitalized with their first febrile UTI Methods: A PubMed search was performed including publications from 2011-2016 on first febrile UTI in childhood. Abstracts were reviewed for being relevant to the care of hospitalized children and their follow-up...
August 16, 2017: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811926/postinjection-delirium-sedation-syndrome-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-receiving-olanzapine-long-acting-injection-results-from-a-large-observational-study
#17
Kristin J Meyers, Himanshu P Upadhyaya, John L Landry, Rashna Chhabra-Khanna, Deborah M Falk, Balasubramanya Seetharama Rao, Meghan E Jones
BACKGROUND: Postinjection delirium/sedation syndrome (PDSS) has been reported uncommonly during treatment with olanzapine long-acting injection (LAI), a sustained-release formulation of olanzapine. AIMS: The primary aim of the study was to estimate the incidence per injection and per patient of PDSS events in adult patients with schizophrenia who were receiving olanzapine LAI in real-world clinical practice. Secondary aims were to further characterise the clinical presentation of PDSS events, to identify potential risk factors associated with PDSS events and to characterise hospitalisations at baseline and post-baseline...
July 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795775/interventions-to-reduce-perceived-stress-among-graduate-students-a-systematic-review-with-implications-for-evidence-based-practice
#18
Susan B Stillwell, Amber L Vermeesch, Jane G Scott
BACKGROUND: Stress is a part of daily life for graduate students, including graduate nursing students. Contemporary graduate nursing students are facing unprecedented challenges to meet rigorous academic standards as they prepare for their advanced professional role to meet the demands of the nation's complex and ever-changing healthcare system. Empowering graduate nursing students to ease their perceived stress and minimize undesirable health effects may benefit their capacity to adapt and successfully manage perceived stress in their future healthcare role...
August 10, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768610/behavior-change-techniques-in-physical-activity-ehealth-interventions-for-people-with-cardiovascular-disease-systematic-review
#19
Orlaith Mairead Duff, Deirdre Mj Walsh, Bróna A Furlong, Noel E O'Connor, Kieran A Moran, Catherine B Woods
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of premature death and disability in Europe, accounting for 4 million deaths per year and costing the European Union economy almost €196 billion annually. There is strong evidence to suggest that exercise-based secondary rehabilitation programs can decrease the mortality risk and improve health among patients with CVD. Theory-informed use of behavior change techniques (BCTs) is important in the design of cardiac rehabilitation programs aimed at changing cardiovascular risk factors...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766194/macra-and-the-changing-medicare-payment-landscape
#20
Steven L Chen, Matthew R Coffron
BACKGROUND: The Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA) is being implemented in 2017 by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) as the Quality Payment Program (QPP) and will have important and far reaching effects on how physicians are reimbursed and on how they practice. The QPP modifies the Medicare physician payment system by eliminating the Sustainable Growth Rate formula and incorporating the existing Physician Quality Reporting System, EHR Incentive Program, and the Value Modifier into a single new Merit-based Incentive Payment System (MIPS)...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
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