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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333660/interventions-to-increase-attendance-for-diabetic-retinopathy-screening
#1
REVIEW
John G Lawrenson, Ella Graham-Rowe, Fabiana Lorencatto, Jennifer Burr, Catey Bunce, Jillian J Francis, Patricia Aluko, Stephen Rice, Luke Vale, Tunde Peto, Justin Presseau, Noah Ivers, Jeremy M Grimshaw
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence supporting the effectiveness of diabetic retinopathy screening (DRS) in reducing the risk of sight loss, attendance for screening is consistently below recommended levels. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of the review was to assess the effectiveness of quality improvement (QI) interventions that seek to increase attendance for DRS in people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes.Secondary objectives were:To use validated taxonomies of QI intervention strategies and behaviour change techniques (BCTs) to code the description of interventions in the included studies and determine whether interventions that include particular QI strategies or component BCTs are more effective in increasing screening attendance;To explore heterogeneity in effect size within and between studies to identify potential explanatory factors for variability in effect size;To explore differential effects in subgroups to provide information on how equity of screening attendance could be improved;To critically appraise and summarise current evidence on the resource use, costs and cost effectiveness...
January 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331949/bibliometric-analysis-of-military-trauma-publications-2000-2016
#2
Mark L Vickers, C P Coorey, G J Milinovich, L Eriksson, M Assoum, M C Reade
INTRODUCTION: Bibliometric tools can be used to identify the authors, topics and research institutions that have made the greatest impact in a field of medicine. The aim of this research was to analyse military trauma publications over the last 16 years of armed conflict in order to highlight the most important lessons that have translated into civilian practice and military doctrine as well as identify emerging areas of importance. METHODS: A systematic search of research published between January 2000 and December 2016 was conducted using the Thompson Reuters Web of Science database...
January 13, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315455/home-versus-in-patient-treatment-for-deep-vein-thrombosis
#3
REVIEW
Richard Othieno, Emmanuel Okpo, Rachel Forster
BACKGROUND: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) occurs when a blood clot blocks blood flow through a vein, which can occur after surgery, after trauma, or when a person has been immobile for a long time. Clots can dislodge and block blood flow to the lungs (pulmonary embolism (PE)), causing death. DVT and PE are known by the term venous thromboembolism (VTE). Heparin (in the form of unfractionated heparin (UFH)) is a blood-thinning drug used during the first three to five days of DVT treatment...
January 9, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313062/art-or-science-an-evidence-based-approach-to-human-facial-beauty-a-quantitative-analysis-towards-an-informed-clinical-aesthetic-practice
#4
REVIEW
Harpal Harrar, Simon Myers, Ali M Ghanem
BACKGROUND: Patients often seek guidance from the aesthetic practitioners regarding treatments to enhance their 'beauty'. Is there a science behind the art of assessment and if so is it measurable? Through the centuries, this question has challenged scholars, artists and surgeons. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to undertake a review of the evidence behind quantitative facial measurements in assessing beauty to help the practitioner in everyday aesthetic practice...
January 8, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306937/the-effects-of-stress-and-meditation-on-the-immune-system-human-microbiota-and-epigenetics
#5
Ayman Mukerji Househam, Christine Tara Peterson, Deepak Chopra
Context • Globally, more than 25% of individuals are affected by anxiety and depression disorders. Meditation is gaining popularity in clinical settings and its treatment efficacy is being studied for a wide array of psychological and physiological ailments. An exploration of stress physiology is an essential precursor to delineation of the mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of meditation practices. Objective • The review outlines a model of interconnected physiological processes that might support the continued inclusion and expansion of meditation in the treatment of diverse medical conditions and to investigate the role that gut microbiota may play in realizing well-being through meditation...
October 2017: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302132/improving-the-use-of-crop-models-for-risk-assessment-and-climate-change-adaptation
#6
Andrew J Challinor, Christoph Müller, Senthold Asseng, Chetan Deva, Kathryn Jane Nicklin, Daniel Wallach, Eline Vanuytrecht, Stephen Whitfield, Julian Ramirez-Villegas, Ann-Kristin Koehler
Crop models are used for an increasingly broad range of applications, with a commensurate proliferation of methods. Careful framing of research questions and development of targeted and appropriate methods are therefore increasingly important. In conjunction with the other authors in this special issue, we have developed a set of criteria for use of crop models in assessments of impacts, adaptation and risk. Our analysis drew on the other papers in this special issue, and on our experience in the UK Climate Change Risk Assessment 2017 and the MACSUR, AgMIP and ISIMIP projects...
January 2018: Agricultural Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297205/cyclophosphamide-for-connective-tissue-disease-associated-interstitial-lung-disease
#7
REVIEW
Hayley Barnes, Anne E Holland, Glen P Westall, Nicole Sl Goh, Ian N Glaspole
BACKGROUND: Approximately one-third of individuals with interstitial lung disease (ILD) have associated connective tissue disease (CTD). The connective tissue disorders most commonly associated with ILD include scleroderma/systemic sclerosis (SSc), rheumatoid arthritis, polymyositis/dermatomyositis, and Sjögren's syndrome. Although many people with CTD-ILD do not develop progressive lung disease, a significant proportion do progress, leading to reduced physical function, decreased quality of life, and death...
January 3, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284543/external-validation-of-type-2-diabetes-computer-simulation-models-definitions-approaches-implications-and-room-for-improvement-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#8
Katherine Ogurtsova, Thomas L Heise, Ute Linnenkamp, Charalabos-Markos Dintsios, Stefan K Lhachimi, Andrea Icks
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), a highly prevalent chronic disease, puts a large burden on individual health and health care systems. Computer simulation models, used to evaluate the clinical and economic effectiveness of various interventions to handle T2DM, have become a well-established tool in diabetes research. Despite the broad consensus about the general importance of validation, especially external validation, as a crucial instrument of assessing and controlling for the quality of these models, there are no systematic reviews comparing such validation of diabetes models...
December 29, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279292/metrix-matrix-a-cloud-based-system-for%C3%A2-tracking-non-relative-value-unit-value-added-work-metrics
#9
Mark D Kovacs, Douglas H Sheafor, Paul G Thacker, Andrew D Hardie, Philip Costello
PURPOSE: In the era of value-based medicine, it will become increasingly important for radiologists to provide metrics that demonstrate their value beyond clinical productivity. In this article the authors describe their institution's development of an easy-to-use system for tracking value-added but non-relative value unit (RVU)-based activities. METHODS: Metrix Matrix is an efficient cloud-based system for tracking value-added work. A password-protected home page contains links to web-based forms created using Google Forms, with collected data populating Google Sheets spreadsheets...
December 23, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273023/an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-on-the-collaboration-between-physicians-and-nurses-and-the-impact-on-patient-outcomes-what-can-we-learn-in-primary-care
#10
Evi Matthys, Roy Remmen, Peter Van Bogaert
BACKGROUND: Primary care needs to be strengthened in order to address the many societal challenges. Group practices in primary care foster collaboration with other health care providers, which encourages care co-ordination and leads to a higher quality of primary care. Nursing roles and responsibilities expanded over time and nurses have been found to often provide equal high-quality chronic patient care compared to physicians, even with higher patient satisfaction. Inter-professional collaboration between primary care physicians and nurses is a possible strategy to achieve the desired quality outcomes in a strengthened primary care system...
December 22, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261469/the-use-and-pitfalls-of-intracranial-vessel-wall-imaging-how-we-do-it
#11
Arjen Lindenholz, Anja G van der Kolk, Jaco J M Zwanenburg, Jeroen Hendrikse
Intracranial vessel wall magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has gained much attention in the past decade and has become part of state-of-the-art MR imaging protocols to assist in diagnosing the cause of ischemic stroke. With intracranial vessel wall imaging, vessel wall characteristics have tentatively been described for atherosclerosis, vasculitis, dissections, Moyamoya disease, and aneurysms. With the increasing demand and subsequently increased use of intracranial vessel wall imaging in clinical practice, radiologists should be aware of the choices in imaging parameters and how they affect image quality, the clinical indications, methods of assessment, and limitations in the interpretation of these images...
January 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239902/oath-taking-at-u-s-and-canadian-medical-school-ceremonies-historical-perspectives-current-practices-and-future-considerations
#12
Steven J Scheinman, Patrick Fleming, Kellyann Niotis
The widespread use of oaths at medical commencements is a recent phenomenon of the late 20th century. While many are referred to as "Hippocratic," surveys have found that most oaths are modern, and the use of unique oaths has been rising. Oaths taken upon entry to medical school are even more recent, and their content has not been reported. The authors surveyed all Association of American Medical Colleges member schools in the United States and Canada in 2015 and analyzed oath texts. Of 111 (70.2%) responses, full texts were submitted for 80 commencement and 72 white coat oaths...
December 12, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236721/survey-on-open-peer-review-attitudes-and-experience-amongst-editors-authors-and-reviewers
#13
Tony Ross-Hellauer, Arvid Deppe, Birgit Schmidt
Open peer review (OPR) is a cornerstone of the emergent Open Science agenda. Yet to date no large-scale survey of attitudes towards OPR amongst academic editors, authors, reviewers and publishers has been undertaken. This paper presents the findings of an online survey, conducted for the OpenAIRE2020 project during September and October 2016, that sought to bridge this information gap in order to aid the development of appropriate OPR approaches by providing evidence about attitudes towards and levels of experience with OPR...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228882/medical-education-and-human-trafficking-using-simulation
#14
Hanni Stoklosa, Michelle Lyman, Carrie Bohnert, Olivia Mittel
Healthcare providers have the potential to play a crucial role in human trafficking prevention, identification, and intervention. However, trafficked patients are often unidentified due to lack of education and preparation available to healthcare professionals at all levels of training and practice. To increase victim identification in healthcare settings, providers need to be educated about the issue of trafficking and its clinical presentations in an interactive format that maximizes learning and ultimately patient-centered outcomes...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228859/summary-of-2017-esc-guidelines-on-valvular-heart-disease-peripheral-artery-disease-stemi-and-on-dual-antiplatelet-therapy
#15
Guy Van Camp, Tine De Backer, Christophe Beauloye, Walter Desmet, Marc J Claeys
During the ESC congress in September 2017 in Barcelona, the new ESC guidelines were presented and are now available on the ESC website. The new guidelines cover management recommendations on following cardiovascular items: valvular heart disease, peripheral artery disease, ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and on dual antiplatelet therapy. The present document gives a summary of these guidelines and highlights the most important recommendations and changes in the management of these diseases. It will help to increase awareness about the new guidelines and may stimulate to consult the full document for specific items...
December 11, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218476/google-trends-as-a-resource-for-informing-plastic-surgery-marketing-decisions
#16
Brittany Ward, Max Ward, Boris Paskhover
BACKGROUND: Celebrities have long influenced the medical decisions of the general population. By analyzing Google search data using Google Trends, we measured the impact of highly publicized plastic surgery-related events on the interest level of the general population in specific search terms. Additionally, we investigated seasonal and geographic trends around interest in rhinoplasties, which is information that physicians and small surgical centers can use to optimize marketing decisions...
December 7, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216974/position-statement-full-practice-authority-for-advanced-practice-registered-nurses-is-necessary-to-transform-primary-care
#17
Jordon Bosse, Katherine Simmonds, Charlene Hanson, Joyce Pulcini, Lynne Dunphy, Patricia Vanhook, Lusine Poghosyan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215912/an-australian-biobank-certification-scheme-a-study-of-economic-costs-to-participating-biobanks
#18
Rod Ling, Amanda Rush, Candace Carter, Jane Carpenter, Peter H Watson, Jennifer A Byrne, Andrew Searles
Biobanks face increasing demands for research materials of consistent quality, which can be used in collaborative studies. Several countries and some international agencies have made formal efforts to standardize biobank operations and outputs. These include the establishment of best practice guidelines for collection management, and certification programs. Such guidelines and programs increase biobanks' opportunities for participation in high impact research and funding. However, they also impose economic and time costs, which may burden biobanks...
December 7, 2017: Biopreservation and Biobanking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207961/when-and-how-should-multiple-imputation-be-used-for-handling-missing-data-in-randomised-clinical-trials-a-practical-guide-with-flowcharts
#19
Janus Christian Jakobsen, Christian Gluud, Jørn Wetterslev, Per Winkel
BACKGROUND: Missing data may seriously compromise inferences from randomised clinical trials, especially if missing data are not handled appropriately. The potential bias due to missing data depends on the mechanism causing the data to be missing, and the analytical methods applied to amend the missingness. Therefore, the analysis of trial data with missing values requires careful planning and attention. METHODS: The authors had several meetings and discussions considering optimal ways of handling missing data to minimise the bias potential...
December 6, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205471/gender-and-mental-health-an-examination-of-procedural-justice-in-a-specialized-court-context
#20
Logan J Somers, Kristy Holtfreter
The procedural justice framework has been applied in the criminal justice contexts of policing, corrections, and courts. According to this perspective, fair treatment, respectful dialogue and being given a proper voice will contribute to citizens' positive views of authority figures. While this literature has grown immensely, several questions remain unanswered. Do males and females perceive similar levels of procedural justice? Does mental health status influence perceptions of fair treatment? Whether procedural justice is a general perspective that can be applied across social groupings has important implications for correctional treatment in that programs that truly "work" for all are more cost-effective...
December 5, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
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