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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319263/a-review-of-family-caregiving-intervention-trials-in-oncology
#1
REVIEW
Betty Ferrell, Elaine Wittenberg
This article contains a review of literature published from 2010 to 2016 on family caregiving in oncology. An analysis of 810 citations resulted in 50 randomized trials. These trials describe the need to prepare family caregivers for the complex role they play in cancer care. Several studies have demonstrated improved quality of life for family caregivers and improved emotional support from interventions. Several studies addressed communication and relational intimacy, which are key concerns. An additional focus of these trials was in the area of caregiving tasks and ways to diminish the burden of caregiving and preparedness for this role...
March 20, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317208/current-status-of-interventional-endoscopic-ultrasound
#2
REVIEW
Shomei Ryozawa, Naotaka Fujita, Atsushi Irisawa, Yoshiki Hirooka, Tetsuya Mine
Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is being used increasingly in the management of pancreatic fluid collection, biliary and pancreatic duct drainage in cases of failed endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, drainage of the gallbladder, and other conditions. The role of interventional EUS is rapidly expanding and new interventions are continuously emerging. The development of devices could be a major breakthrough in the field of interventional EUS. New devices would enable the expansion of its role even further and prompt its widespread use in clinical practice...
March 20, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315527/standards-of-practice-applying-genetics-and-genomics-resources-to-oncology%C3%A2
#3
Alice S Kerber, Nancy J Ledbetter
Knowledge about genetics and genomics and its application to oncology care is rapidly expanding and evolving. As a result, oncology nurses at all levels must develop and maintain their knowledge of genetics and genomics, as well as be aware of resources to guide practice. This article focuses on implementation of the standards described in the updated Genetics/Genomics Nursing: Scope and Standards of Practice by the basic practitioner.
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April 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306597/diagnosis-of-viral-hepatitis
#4
Philippa J Easterbrook, Teri Roberts, Anita Sands, Rosanna Peeling
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections and HIV-HBV and HCV coinfection are major causes of chronic liver disease worldwide. Testing and diagnosis is the gateway for access to both treatment and prevention services, but there remains a large burden of undiagnosed infection globally. We review the global epidemiology, key challenges in the current hepatitis testing response, new tools to support the hepatitis global response (2016-2020 Global Hepatitis Health Sector strategy, and 2017 WHO guidelines on hepatitis testing and their key recommendations) and future directions and innovations in hepatitis diagnostics...
March 16, 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302443/growing-complexity-of-expanded-carrier-screening-direct-to-consumer-physician-mediated-and-clinic-based-offers
#5
REVIEW
Davit Chokoshvili, Danya F Vears, Pascal Borry
Since the introduction of out-of-hospital health-related genetic tests more than a decade ago, the landscape of genetic testing services has grown in complexity. Although initially most genetic tests for health purposes were offered as direct-to-consumer services, that is, without the mediation of a medical professional, currently many commercial providers require that their tests be ordered by a licensed physician. At the same time, some commercially developed health-related genetic tests are gaining support from the professional medical community and are finding their way into clinical practice...
February 16, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302395/social-cognition-psychometric-evaluation-scope-in-people-with-early-psychosis-a-preliminary-study
#6
Kelsey A Ludwig, Amy E Pinkham, Philip D Harvey, Skylar Kelsven, David L Penn
Social cognition is an important outcome in schizophrenia research. Unfortunately, there has been a lack of consensus regarding which measures of social cognition best capture this domain of functioning. The Social Cognition Psychometric Evaluation (SCOPE) study was developed to address the need for a battery of measures that have sound psychometric properties and can be implemented in clinical trials for individuals with chronic schizophrenia. The current study expands upon the SCOPE study by examining the psychometric properties of the eight candidate measures administered to individuals early in the course of psychosis...
March 14, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302281/the-art-and-science-of-pediatric-damage-control
#7
Anthony Tran, Brendan T Campbell
Damage control is a surgical strategy that has evolved and expanded considerably over the past 25 years. The approach was initially developed as a "bail out" procedure to control bleeding with severe abdominal injuries in the setting of unmitigated hemorrhagic shock. Damage control is now more broadly applied as a comprehensive management plan for the resuscitation and surgical treatment of injured patients with exhausted physiologic and metabolic reserve. This article reviews the most current concepts in damage control that are important and relevant to the practicing pediatric surgeon...
February 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301616/use-of-biologics-in-private-practice-nine-years-of-lessons-and-learning
#8
Lilia M Correa-Selm, Mahin Alamgir, Babar K Rao
<p>Over a decade ago, the FDA approved biologics for psoriasis, which changed how the disease is treated and, in most cases, has a significant positive impact on the lives of patients. Side effects primarily identified during the investigational and research phase led to the development of specific guidelines for treatment. The treatment guidelines have been amended to incorporate better understandings of side-effects over the years that the disease has been treated. In this study, we focused on a chart review that included assessing the current guidelines and their alignment with modern patient management and the recent side effects presented...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301003/minor-and-major-health-a-nietzschean-reading
#9
Emília Carvalho Leitão Biato, Luciano Bedin da Costa, Silas Borges Monteiro
This paper aims to discuss the concept of health, understood as multiple and plural. We use Friedrich Nietzsche's philosophical thought as an analytical tool, allowing us to reach a typology involving minor and major health. While the first is normative and sustained by an ideal of healing, the second is an expanding strength, a condition constantly achieved. If minor health follows a preset life moralization script, major health relates to the expanded living being, which affirms its creative nature and transcends established rules...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299966/family-planning-services-for-incarcerated-women-models-for-filling-an-unmet-need
#10
Carolyn Sufrin, Sara Baird, Jennifer Clarke, Elizabeth Feldman
Purpose Incarcerated women around the globe are predominantly of reproductive age. Most of these women have been pregnant before, and many want to be sexually active and avoid pregnancy upon release. Yet few of these women are on a regular method of contraception. Providing contraceptive services for women in custody benefits individual and public health goals of reducing unintended pregnancy. This policy briefing reviews evidence for an unmet need for family planning in the correctional setting, and policy implications for expanding services...
March 13, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298279/the-potential-impact-of-animal-science-research-on-global-maternal-and-child-nutrition-and-health-a-landscape-review
#11
REVIEW
Jack Odle, Sheila K Jacobi, R Dean Boyd, Dale E Bauman, Russell V Anthony, Fuller W Bazer, Adam L Lock, Andrew C Serazin
High among the challenges facing mankind as the world population rapidly expands toward 9 billion people by 2050 is the technological development and implementation of sustainable agriculture and food systems to supply abundant and wholesome nutrition. In many low-income societies, women and children are the most vulnerable to food insecurity, and it is unequivocal that quality nutrition during the first 1000 d of life postconception can be transformative in establishing a robust, lifelong developmental trajectory...
March 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293908/should-side-effects-influence-the-selection-of-antidiabetic-therapies-in-type-2-diabetes
#12
REVIEW
George Grunberger
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There are currently over 40 different drugs in 12 distinct classes approved in the USA to treat patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. This review summarizes our current knowledge about potential side effects of antidiabetic therapy and attempts to apply it to a clinical practice setting. RECENT FINDINGS: Given the heterogeneity of both the patients and the disease, it is mathematically impossible to test every available drug combination in long-term outcome, prospective, randomized blinded fashion before a clinician decides which agent(s) to prescribe to a specific patient in a given situation...
April 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293127/care-pathways-in-thrombosis-management-the-innovate-peer-to-peer-educational-initiative
#13
REVIEW
Raj K Patel
CONTEXT: Anticoagulant options for the management of venous thromboembolism (VTE) now include the non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs). The safe and effective integration of these agents into routine clinical practice within different health care settings presents common challenges. Bayer AG created the INternational Network fOr Venous and Arterial Thrombosis Excellence in practice (INNOVATE) program as a professional education network to foster best practice in thrombosis management in the NOAC era...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292507/opioid-exit-plan-a-pharmacist-s-role-in-managing-acute-postoperative-pain
#14
Cheryl Genord, Timothy Frost, Deeb Eid
OBJECTIVES: The benefits of a pharmacist's involvement in medication reconciliation and discharge counseling are well documented in the literature as improving patient outcomes. In contrast, no studies have focused on the initiation of a pharmacist-led opioid exit plan (OEP) for acute postoperative pain management. This paper summarizes a pharmacist-led OEP practice model and the potential role that pharmacists and student pharmacists can have at the point of admission, during postoperative recovery, and on discharge in acute pain management patients...
March 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292501/indian-health-service-pharmacists-engaged-in-opioid-safety-initiatives-and-expanding-access-to-naloxone
#15
Hillary Duvivier, Samantha Gustafson, Morgan Greutman, Tenzin Jangchup, Ashlee Knapp Harden, Aimee Reinhard, Keith Warshany
OBJECTIVE: To develop effective pharmacy-based interventions to mitigate harm from opioid use disorders. Programs include responsible opioid prescribing, expanded access to medication-assisted treatment (MAT), naloxone, and community interventions. SETTING: Clinical pharmacists practicing at Indian Health Service (IHS) locations in the Southwest, Midwest, and Great Lakes regions. These pharmacists serve culturally diverse American Indian populations throughout the United States and interface with tribal and federal programs to impact the opioid epidemic in Indian Country...
March 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292189/translating-agricultural-health-and-medicine-education-across-the-pacific-a-united-states-and-australian-comparison-study
#16
Susan A Brumby, Josie Ruldolphi, Diane Rohlman, Kelley J Donham
BACKGROUND: Populations in agricultural communities require<b> </b>health care that is interdisciplinary and cross-sectoral to address the high rate of workplace deaths, preventable injuries and illness. These rates are compounded by limited access to services and the distinctive personal values and culture of farming populations, which both health and rural practitioners must be aware of to reduce the gap between rural and urban population health outcomes. To address the unique health and medical characteristics of agricultural populations, education in agricultural medicine was established through the College of Medicine and the College of Public Health at the University of Iowa in the USA...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291497/variation-in-postinjury-antibiotic-prophylaxis-patterns-over-five-years-in-a-combat-zone
#17
Bradley A Lloyd, Clinton K Murray, William Bradley, Faraz Shaikh, Deepak Aggarwal, M Leigh Carson, David R Tribble
In 2008, a clinical practice guideline (CPG) was developed for the prevention of infections among combat casualties and was later revised in 2011. We evaluated utilization of antimicrobials within 48 hours following injury in the combat zone over a 5-year period (June 2009 through May 2014) with regard to number of regimens, type of antimicrobial, and adherence to the 2011 CPG. The study population consisted of 5,196 wounded military personnel. Open fractures and skin and soft-tissue injuries were the most frequent injuries...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291039/performance-validity-testing-in-neuropsychology-scientific-basis-and-clinical-application-a-brief-review
#18
Michael R Greher, Thomas R Wodushek
Performance validity testing refers to neuropsychologists' methodology for determining whether neuropsychological test performances completed in the course of an evaluation are valid (ie, the results of true neurocognitive function) or invalid (ie, overly impacted by the patient's effort/engagement in testing). This determination relies upon the use of either standalone tests designed for this sole purpose, or specific scores/indicators embedded within traditional neuropsychological measures that have demonstrated this utility...
March 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290544/expression-and-characterization-of-pantoea-co-dehydrogenase-to-utilize-co-containing-industrial-waste-gas-for-expanding-the-versatility-of-co-dehydrogenase
#19
Eun Sil Choi, Kyoungseon Min, Geun-Joong Kim, Inchan Kwon, Yong Hwan Kim
Although aerobic CO dehydrogenases (CODHs) might be applicable in various fields, their practical applications have been hampered by low activity and no heterologous expression. We, for the first time, could functionally express recombinant PsCODH in E. coli and obtained a highly concentrated recombinant enzyme using an easy and convenient method. Its electron acceptor spectra, optimum conditions (pH 6.5 and 30 °C), and kinetic parameters (kcat of 12.97 s(-1), Km of 0.065 mM, and specific activity of 0...
March 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289437/best-hits-of-11110110111-model-free-selection-and-parameter-free-sensitivity-calculation-of-spaced-seeds
#20
Laurent Noé
BACKGROUND: Spaced seeds, also named gapped q-grams, gapped k-mers, spaced q-grams, have been proven to be more sensitive than contiguous seeds (contiguous q-grams, contiguous k-mers) in nucleic and amino-acid sequences analysis. Initially proposed to detect sequence similarities and to anchor sequence alignments, spaced seeds have more recently been applied in several alignment-free related methods. Unfortunately, spaced seeds need to be initially designed. This task is known to be time-consuming due to the number of spaced seed candidates...
2017: Algorithms for Molecular Biology: AMB
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