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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717767/breaking-bad-news-in-ethnic-settings-perspectives-of-patients-and-families-in-northern-sri-lanka
#1
Chrishanthi Rajasooriyar, Jenny Kelly, Thanikai Sivakumar, Gowcikan Navanesan, Shahini Nadarasa, Madona Hashanthy Sriskandarajah, Sabe Sabesan
PURPOSE: The discussion of a cancer diagnosis and prognosis often is difficult. This study explored the expectations of Tamil-speaking patients with cancer and their families with respect to receiving their cancer diagnosis in northern Sri Lanka. METHODS: This exploratory, descriptive, qualitative study used semistructured interviews. RESULTS: Thematic analysis identified two major themes: communication and information seeking. The findings illustrate a discrepancy between patient preference for direct disclosure of the diagnosis and that of families...
June 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693758/the-u-s-online-news-coverage-of-mammography-based-on-a-google-news-search
#2
REVIEW
Leng Leng Young Lin, Andrew B Rosenkrantz
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To characterize online news coverage relating to mammography, including articles' stance toward screening mammography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Google News was used to search U.S. news sites over a 9-year period (2006-2015) based on the search terms "mammography" and "mammogram." The top 100 search results were recorded. Identified articles were manually reviewed. RESULTS: The top 100 news articles were from the following sources: local news outlet (50%), national news outlet (24%), nonimaging medical source (13%), entertainment or culture news outlet (6%), business news outlet (4%), peer-reviewed journal (1%), and radiology news outlet (1%)...
July 7, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677514/-cardiologists-should-take-this-to-heart-doctors-often-do-not-recognise-stress-as-a-risk-factor-for-cardiovascular-disease
#3
P M J C Kuijpers
The strong association between distress and heart disease is frequently in the news, for example when a celebrity dies after terrible news such as death of a child. Researchers in the Netherlands found that high scores on the Cardiac Anxiety Questionnaire after a myocardial infarction lead to an increased risk of new cardiac events, regardless of underlying cardiac disease severity. Although the brain-heart axis is well known in literature, it is hardly a common subject in daily clinical cardiac practice. Signs and symptoms frequently lead to an 'oculostenotic reflex' instead of proper mental diagnosis...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675268/-news-about-pericardial-diseases-in-2016
#4
Baris Karpuz, Valèrie Duchatelle, Maxime Tapponnier, Raluca Alexe, Christophe Sierro, Grègoire Girod
The European Society of Cardiology published in 2015 the new Guidelines on the management of pericardial diseases. Based on experts' opinions and recent clinical studies of respectable size, the new guidelines thoroughly revisit the criteria for hospitalization and precisely define severe cases. Another highlight regards medication. From now, first-line medical therapy should include the association of colchicine to the traditional non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or aspirin. The bi-therapy is recommended as soon as the first episode of pericarditis, for duration of 3 months...
September 7, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557549/clinician-targeted-mobile-apps-in-palliative-care-a-systematic-review
#5
Salimah H Meghani, Meredith A MacKenzie, Brianna Morgan, Youjeong Kang, Anum Wasim, Saleem Sayani
BACKGROUND: The availability of smartphone applications has increased rapidly including applications related to palliative care. The scope of these available apps has not been synthesized. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify and review available palliative care-related smartphone applications for clinicians. DESIGN: Smartphone application platform stores, for example, App Store iOS, Google Play Store, Windows App-Microsoft Store, and Blackberry World App store were searched (December 2016) using relevant key words...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527508/social-media-and-web-presence-for-patients-and-professionals-evolving-trends-and-implications-for-practice
#6
REVIEW
Jose E Barreto, Curtis L Whitehair
The use of social media has become very instinctive to many. It has become part of a daily routine. Enhanced communication, liberated expressions of self, becoming updated with all the trends and news, and marketing promotion are only some of the reasons why most people use social media. Health care providers including physicians should take advantage of these platforms for professional purposes. Social media extends far beyond the famous platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest, and Instagram, used mostly for social connections...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504315/media-reporting-on-suicide-evaluating-the-effects-of-including-preventative-resources-and-psychoeducational-information-on-suicide-risk-attitudes-knowledge-and-help-seeking-behaviors
#7
Caitlin L Williams, Tracy K Witte
We evaluated the effects of exposure to a suicide news article on a variety of outcome variables and whether adhering to one specific media guideline (i.e., including psychoeducational information and preventative resources) buffered any of the negative effects of exposure. Participants were randomly assigned to read one of three articles and then asked to complete a battery of self-report questionnaires. Overall, we found no effect of exposure to a suicide news article, regardless of the inclusion of resources and information, with a few minor exceptions...
May 15, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501114/evaluation-of-palliative-care-training-and-skills-retention-by-medical-students
#8
Priti P Parikh, Mary T White, Lynne Buckingham, Kathryn M Tchorz
BACKGROUND: Training in palliative and end-of-life care has been introduced in medical education; however, the impact of such training and the retention of skills and knowledge have not been studied in detail. This survey study examines long-term follow-up on end-of-life communication skills training, evaluation, and skills retention in medical students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During the surgical clerkship, all third-year medical students received communication skills training in palliative care using simulated patients...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412908/news-in-the-indications-of-non-vitamin-k-oral-anticoagulants-according-to-the-guidelines-of-the-american-college-of-chest-physicians-2016
#9
Gabriela Cesarman-Maus, Guillermo J. Ruiz-Argüelles
Antithrombotic guidelines published by the Chest Journal, the official publication of the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP), are continuously updated as clinically relevant information accumulates. The Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines on antithrombotic therapy and prevention of thrombosis were published in 2012. This year, the topic that has been updated pertains to antithrombotic therapy, specifically addressing prophylaxis and treatment of venous thromboembolic (VTE) disease. In this paper, I focus on these guidelines regarding the indications or lack thereof for the use of Non-vitamin K-antagonist Oral Anticoagulants (NOACS), also referred to as Direct-acting Oral Anticoagulants (DOACS)...
April 13, 2017: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411519/-breaking-good-news-neurologists-experiences-of-discussing-sudep-with-patients-in-scotland
#10
Tom Nisbet, Sue Turbull, Sharon Mulhern, Saif Razvi
Since the findings of a Fatal Accident Inquiry (FAI) in 2010, clinicians working in Scotland have been advised to discuss the risk of Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy (SUDEP) with patients immediately or soon after a diagnosis of epilepsy is made. A thematic analysis was used to describe the experiences discussing SUDEP of 10 clinicians (six Consultant Neurologists and four Neurology Registrars) working in Scotland. Contrary to previous research, clinicians appear to be routinely discussing SUDEP in a standardized fashion with newly diagnosed patients and the FAI appears to have instigated this change in practice...
May 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386983/investigating-the-factors-that-affect-the-communication-of-death-related-bad-news-to-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-by-staff-in-residential-and-supported-living-services-an-interview-study
#11
I Tuffrey-Wijne, T Rose
BACKGROUND: Most staff working in intellectual disability services will be confronted with people with intellectual disabilities who need support around death, dying and bereavement. Previous studies suggest that intellectual disability staff tend to protect clients from knowing about death and avoid communication about death. The aims of this study were to gain further insight into the individual, organisational and contextual factors that affect the communication of death-related bad news to people with intellectual disabilities by intellectual disability staff and to develop guidelines for services to enable appropriate communication with clients about death and dying...
August 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372531/panel-1-epidemiology-and-diagnosis
#12
REVIEW
Preben Homøe, Kari Kværner, Janet R Casey, Roger A M J Damoiseaux, Thijs M A van Dongen, Hasantha Gunasekera, Ramon G Jensen, Ellen Kvestad, Peter S Morris, Heather M Weinreich
Objective To create a literature review between 2011 and June 1, 2015, on advances in otitis media (OM) epidemiology and diagnosis (including relevant audiology studies). Data Sources Electronic search engines (PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library) with a predefined search strategy. Review Methods Articles with appropriate epidemiologic methodology for OM, including acute mastoiditis and eustachian tube dysfunction. Items included OM worldwide and in high-risk populations, OM-related hearing loss, news in OM diagnostics, prenatal risk factors and comorbidities, postnatal risk factors, genetics, microbiological epidemiology, guidelines, and quality of life...
April 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353352/detecting-changes-in-newspaper-reporting-of-suicide-after-a-statewide-social-marketing-campaign
#13
Michele Abbott, Rajeev Ramchand, Margaret Chamberlin, William Marcellino
A social marketing campaign was introduced in California in 2012, promoting media adherence to consensus-based guidelines on reporting about suicide. We examine adherence to these guidelines by applying quantitative scores to articles in California and a national control group in two six-month intervals prior to and following campaign implementation. Utilizing a difference-in-difference approach, we found no significant effect of the campaign, though the type of article content was a significant indicator of the overall score...
March 29, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351083/how-to-escape-from-primary-aldosteronism-news-and-views-on-an-adrenal-disorder-of-salt-retention
#14
REVIEW
Holger S Willenberg
The last years have seen substantial progress in primary aldosteronism (PA), which is the most common cause of secondary hypertension. Many programs have been established around the world to meet the needs in healthcare and the management of patients with PA according to published guidelines and clinical protocols. Systematic analysis of emerging data and meticulous scientific work have informed us on the molecular basis of the disease and helped to characterize hereditary forms of PA. Techniques have been developed to better diagnose PA and to establish genotype-phenotype relationships and their impact on hypertension...
March 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343880/-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-childhood-changing-definition-and-news-from-the-pediatric-consensus-conference
#15
S Dauger, F Le Bourgeois, J Guichoux, O Brissaud
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a rapidly progressive hypoxemic respiratory insufficiency induced by alveolar filling mainly caused by alveolocapillary wall disruption, following direct or indirect pulmonary injury. Much less frequent in children than in adults, pediatric intensivists had long applied adult guidelines to their daily practice. In 2015, experts from the Pediatric Acute Lung Injury Consensus Conference (PALICC) published the first international guidelines specifically dedicated to pediatric ARDS...
May 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330467/mental-health-care-and-delivery-system-at-temeke-hospital-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#16
Joel Seme Ambikile, Masunga K Iseselo
BACKGROUND: Low and middle income countries face many challenges in meeting mental health needs in their regions. Treatment of patients with mental disorders is inadequate in most of these countries and majority of individuals with severe mental disorders remain untreated. The bad news is that mental health problems in these countries are on the rise due to socioeconomic challenges being faced. Regardless of guidelines and directives provided by WHO for organizing mental health services, these countries continue to face many challenges in the effort to cater for mental health needs...
March 23, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300428/empa-s-new-clothes-the-untold-story-of-the-empa-reg-outcome-trial
#17
Aus Alzaid
It is no secret that the diabetes community has been yearning for good news for quite some time. One outstanding issue undermining effective diabetes management has been the lack of demonstrable effects of glycemic interventions on cardiovascular (CV) outcome in people with type 2 diabetes. This, however, seems to have changed recently after the publication of the Empa-Reg Outcome Trial. The study reported an impressive reduction in CV deaths that was observed within weeks of treatment with the diabetes agent, Empagliflozin...
June 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197003/celebrity-suicide-and-its-effect-on-further-media-reporting-and-portrayal-of-suicide-an-exploratory-study
#18
Devavrat Harshe, Sagar Karia, Sneha Harshe, Nilesh Shah, Gurudas Harshe, Avinash De Sousa
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a grave mental health problem in India, and suicide rates in India have risen over the past decades. Suicide reporting by the media is a common cause for spurts of suicides that may occur from time to time. The aim of the present study was to assess the change in trends in media reporting of suicide after a celebrity suicide. METHODOLOGY: Suicide by the renowned actor Robin Williams was selected as the reference case. The top three Indian daily newspapers published in English having the highest circulation as per the Registrar of Newspapers, Government of India report were selected to be scanned in the study...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109320/celebrities-impact-on-health-related-knowledge-attitudes-behaviors-and-status-outcomes-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression-analysis
#19
Steven J Hoffman, Yasmeen Mansoor, Navneet Natt, Lathika Sritharan, Julia Belluz, Timothy Caulfield, Yoni Freedhoff, John N Lavis, Arya M Sharma
BACKGROUND: Celebrities are highly influential people whose actions and decisions are watched and often emulated by wide audiences. Many celebrities have used their prominent social standing to offer medical advice or endorse health products, a trend that is expected to increase. However, the extent of the impact that celebrities have in shaping the public's health-related knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and status is unclear. This systematic review seeks to answer the following questions: (1) Which health-related outcomes are influenced by celebrities? (2) How large of an impact do celebrities actually have on these health-related outcomes? (3) Under what circumstances do celebrities produce either beneficial or harmful impacts? METHODS: Ten databases were searched, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, PubMed, CINAHL, Communication Complete, Sociological Abstracts, Social Sciences Citation Index, Journals @ Scholars Portal, and ProQuest Dissertations & Theses A&I...
January 21, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107106/news-reports-and-their-role-in-child-agricultural-injury-prevention
#20
Barbara Marlenga, Richard L Berg, Susan S Gallagher
OBJECTIVES: The news media can be important sources of health information. We examined news reports of child agricultural injuries to assess what was reported and to evaluate potential implications for health communication and surveillance efforts. METHODS: A content analysis was conducted of a convenience sample of 113 US news reports from 2012 to 2014 involving agricultural injuries to children less than 18 years-of-age. The data collection instrument included basic elements of injury surveillance, as well as variables related to injury causation and prevention...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
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