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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726275/assessing-the-quality-of-media-reporting-of-suicide-news-in-india-against-world-health-organization-guidelines-a-content-analysis-study-of-nine-major-newspapers-in-tamil-nadu
#1
Gregory Armstrong, Lakshmi Vijayakumar, Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, Mala Jayaseelan, Ramya Kannan, Jane Pirkis, Anthony F Jorm
OBJECTIVES: Suicide rates in India are among the highest in the world, resulting in an estimated 250,000 suicide deaths annually. How the media communicates with the Indian public on the topic of suicide has thus far gone without sufficient scrutiny. The objective of our study was to assess the quality of newspaper reporting of suicide-related news in India against World Health Organization suicide reporting guidelines. METHODS: We used content analysis to assess the quality of suicide reporting against World Health Organization guidelines in nine of the most highly read daily newspapers in the southern state of Tamil Nadu between June and December 2016...
May 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703477/treatment-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-patients-with-cancer-what-news-from-clinical-trials
#2
Melina Verso, Laura Franco, Michela Giustozzi, Cecilia Becattini, Giancarlo Agnelli
About 15% of patients with cancer experience one or more episodes of venous thromboembolism (VTE) during the course of their disease. In patients with cancer, VTE has a substantial impact on the quality of life and care. Current guidelines recommend low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) as first choice therapy for long-term anticoagulation in cancer patients with VTE. However, there are several practical issues concerning the long-term use of these anticoagulants. In the last years, several direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have emerged as alternatives to heparins and vitamin K antagonists for the treatment of VTE, but data regarding both efficacy and safety of DOACs in the subgroup of patients with cancer treatments were limited...
April 2018: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695238/mass-media-and-risk-factors-for-cancer-the-under-representation-of-age
#3
Sara Macdonald, Yvonne Cunningham, Chris Patterson, Katie Robb, Una Macleod, Thomas Anker, Shona Hilton
BACKGROUND: Increasing age is a risk factor for developing cancer. Yet, older people commonly underestimate this risk, are less likely to be aware of the early symptoms, and are more likely to be diagnosed with advanced stage cancer. Mass media are a key influence on the public's understanding health issues, including cancer risk. This study investigates how news media have represented age and other risk factors in the most common cancers over time. METHODS: Eight hundred articles about the four most common cancers (breast, prostate, lung and colorectal) published within eight UK national newspapers in 2003, 2004, 2013 and 2014 were identified using the Nexis database...
April 26, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659359/-pneumonia-associated-with-mechanical-ventilation-update-and-recommendations-inter-societies-sadi-sati
#4
Wanda Cornistein, Ángel M Colque, María Inés Staneloni, María Monserrat Lloria, Mónica Lares, Ana Laura González, Alejandro Fernández Garcés, Edith Carbone
Representatives of the Argentine Society of Infectious Diseases (SADI) and the Argentine Society of Intensive Therapy (SATI) worked together on the development of specific recommendations for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). The methodology used was the analysis of the literature published in the last 15 years, complemented with the opinion of experts and local data. This document aims to offer basic tools to optimize diagnosis based on clinical and microbiological criteria, orientation in empirical and targeted antibiotic schemes, news on posology and administration of antibiotics in critical patients and to promote effective measures to reduce the risk of VAP...
2018: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650498/five-years-post-nirbhaya-critical-insights-into-the-status-of-response-to-sexual-assault
#5
Sunita Vs Bandewar, Amita Pitre, Lakshmi Lingam
It is five years since the fatal gang rape of Jyothi Singh (Nirbhaya), a physiotherapy student, on December 16, 2012, in New Delhi, the capital of India. The legal and policy reforms triggered by the Nirbhaya case will remain a watershed moment in the history of efforts towards seeking justice for survivors of gender-based violence in India. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013 and the "Guidelines and protocols: Medico-legal care for survivors/victims of sexual violence" issued by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare in March 2014 are two landmark reforms...
March 28, 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628513/hot-news-impact-of-low-level-viremia-on-treatment-outcomes-during-art-is-it-time-to-revise-the-definition-of-virological-failure
#6
Eva Poveda, Manuel Crespo
The level of HIV-RNA in plasma (HIV viral load) is the main marker used to monitor the virological response to antiretroviral therapy (ART) in HIV-infected patients. The threshold used to define virological suppression has historically been dictated by the limits of detection of the commercial assays used to quantify the plasma viral load. Thus, as more sensitive assays have proliferated and become more widely available, the definition has shifted from < 400 cop/mL with the first generation assays, to < 50 cop/mL, to < 20 cop/mL currently...
January 2018: AIDS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614537/-news-in-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#7
Guido Michels, Hans-Jörg Busch
For the first time, the european guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) have been updated by the ILCOR in december 2017. If new data and findings are available, these guidelines can also be updated outside the 5-year cycle. Thus, it is now recommended that, depending on the level of training of the layer, a chest-compression-only CPR or in combination with ventilation should be done. The important function of the dispatchers in the context of telephone or dispatcher-assisted CPR is emphasized by the demand of a structured training...
April 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580030/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-breast-cancer-amongst-lebanese-females-in-beirut
#8
Margueritta El Asmar, Amer Bechnak, Johny Fares, Dana Al Oweini, Ahmad Alrazim, Adnan El Achkar, Hani Tamim
Objectives: Regular screening for breast cancer is associated with better survival, but compliance with guidelines depends on good knowledge and attitudes. This study aimed to assess the level of breast cancer knowledge, attitudes and screening practices in Lebanese females, and identify their socio-demographic determinants as well as barriers to mammography use. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 371 Lebanese females residing in Beirut aged 18-65 with no history of breast cancer. The questionnaire applied was adapted from Stager and Champion...
March 27, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466656/2018-congress-poster-abstracts
#9
(no author information available yet)
Each abstract has been indexed according to the first author. Abstracts appear as they were submitted and have not undergone editing or the Oncology Nursing Forum’s review process. Only abstracts that will be presented appear here. Poster numbers are subject to change. For updated poster numbers, visit congress.ons.org or check the Congress guide. Data published in abstracts presented at the ONS 43rd Annual Congress are embargoed until the conclusion of the presentation. Coverage and/or distribution of an abstract, poster, or any of its supplemental material to or by the news media, any commercial entity, or individuals, including the authors of said abstract, is strictly prohibited until the embargo is lifted...
February 21, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466655/2018-congress-podium-abstracts
#10
(no author information available yet)
Each abstract has been indexed according to first author. Abstracts appear as they were submitted and have not undergone editing or the Oncology Nursing Forum’s review process. Only abstracts that will be presented appear here. For Congress scheduling information, visit congress.ons.org or check the Congress guide. Data published in abstracts presented at the ONS 43rd Annual Congress are embargoed until the conclusion of the presentation. Coverage and/or distribution of an abstract, poster, or any of its supplemental material to or by the news media, any commercial entity, or individuals, including the authors of said abstract, is strictly prohibited until the embargo is lifted...
February 21, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436135/news-from-the-pediatric-anesthesia-societies-sarnepi-sicp-guidelines-for-pediatric-day-surgery
#11
Maria Sammartino, Simonetta Tesoro, Giorgio Conti, Fabio Sbaraglia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432628/the-relationship-between-preclinical-grading-and-usmle-scores-in-us-allopathic-medical-schools
#12
Seungjun Kim, Paul George
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pass/fail preclinical grading is associated with improved student well-being. Studies do not demonstrate differences in United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) scores after adopting pass/fail grading, but were conducted at unrepresentative, highly selective institutions, and average scores increased overall during the study periods. We investigated the effect of preclinical grading on USMLE scores across 96 US medical schools. METHODS: Preclinical grading systems were identified with the 2017 Association of American Medical Colleges Medical School Admissions Requirements...
February 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427704/finding-makhubu-a-morphological-forensic-facial-comparison
#13
T M R Houlton, M Steyn
June 16, 1976, marks the Soweto Youth Student Uprising in South Africa. A harrowing image capturing police brutality from that day comprises of 18-year-old Mbuyisa Makhubu carrying a dying 12-year-old Hector Peterson. This circulated international press and contributed to world pressure against the apartheid government. This elevated Makhubu's profile with the national security police and forced him to flee to Botswana, then Nigeria, before disappearing in 1978. In 1988, Victor Vinnetou illegally entered Canada and was later arrested on immigration charges in 2004...
April 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406136/social-media-use-and-cybercivility-guidelines-in-u-s-nursing-schools-a-review-of-websites
#14
REVIEW
Jennie C De Gagne, Sandra S Yamane, Jamie L Conklin, Jianhong Chang, Hee Sun Kang
This research analyzes to what extent U.S. nursing schools use social media, their policies or guidelines on cybercivility in social media, online classrooms, and email correspondence, and whether these protocols are readily available to students. This website-based study employs a descriptive, cross-sectional, non-experimental search design. Data were collected in nursing schools offering master's programs (n=197) and online graduate programs in master's degree (n=110) listed in the 2017 edition of U.S. News and World Report...
January 2018: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399734/oncologists-and-breaking-bad-news-from-the-informed-patients-point-of-view-the-evaluation-of-the-spikes-protocol-implementation
#15
Paweł Marschollek, Katarzyna Bąkowska, Wojciech Bąkowski, Karol Marschollek, Radosław Tarkowski
The way that bad news is disclosed to a cancer patient has a crucial impact on physician-patient cooperation and trust. Consensus-based guidelines provide widely accepted tools for disclosing unfavorable information. In oncology, the most popular one is called the SPIKES protocol. A 17-question survey was administered to a group of 226 patients with cancer (mean age 59.6 years) in order to determine a level of SPIKES implementation during first cancer disclosure. In our assessment, the patients felt that the highest compliance with the SPIKES protocol was with Setting up (70...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337445/-news-in-diabetology-2017
#16
François R Jornayvaz
The field of diabetes is constantly evolving, with numerous new molecules reaching the market for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Paradoxically, this drug jungle is difficult for the primary care physician and can lead to therapeutic inertia. The aim of this article is to discuss new molecules and new cardiovascular outcome studies that lead to changes in guidelines pertinent to the pharmacological treatment of type 2 diabetes.
January 10, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327820/gastroenterology-today-between-certainties-and-news-a-meeting-held-in-turin-on-may-27-2017
#17
Rinaldo Pellicano, Davide G Ribaldone, Marco Astegiano, Luca Dughera, Edda Battaglia, Anna Morgando, Arrigo Arrigoni, Mauro Spandre, Mario Grassini, Giorgio M Saracco, Francis Mégraud
This special article reports on two crucial issues discussed during a meeting. The first was the updated management of Helicobacter pylori infection. This was approached taking into account the recent European Guidelines, with a focus on novelties in treatment. In particular, considering the increasing H. pylori antibiotic resistance to clarithromycin, in countries with a high clarithromycin resistance rate the bismuth-containing quadruple therapies should be preferred. The new formulation, with bismuth, metronidazole, and tetracycline contained in a single capsule (three-in-one), has shown exciting results both in naive and in non-responder patients...
January 10, 2018: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217353/policy-on-posthumous-sperm-retrieval-survey-of-75-major-academic-medical-centers
#18
Nicholas J Waler, Raul I Clavijo, Nancy L Brackett, Charles M Lynne, Ranjith Ramasamy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the presence and content of policies on posthumous sperm retrieval at 75 major academic medical centers in the U.S. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We surveyed the top 75 major academic medical centers ranked for research in 2016 by U.S. News & World Report using a questionnaire-based telephone/web survey. We gathered data on the presence and content of posthumous sperm retrieval policies on the Internet. If not published, we contacted the legal counsel, the ethics and compliance offices, the urology department, as well as the infertility treatment center associated with each institution...
March 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873774/interacting-with-dementia-the-mario-approach
#19
Christos Kouroupetroglou, Dympna Casey, Massimiliano Raciti, Eva Barrett, Grazia D'Onofrio, Francesco Ricciardi, Francesco Giuliani, Antonio Greco, Daniele Sancarlo, Arlene Mannion, Sally Whelan, Geoff Pegman, Adamantios Koumpis, Diego Reforgiato Recupero, Angelos Kouroupetroglou, Adam Santorelli
MARIO is a companion robot that aims to help people with dementia (PWD) to battle isolation and loneliness by enabling them to stay socially active by providing a number of applications focused on hobbies (music, movies, etc), staying engaged with communities (reading headlines, reading local twitter feeds etc.) and staying connected with family and friends (telephoning them, reading their news from twitter, etc.). This paper presents the results from the initial trials of MARIO interacting with PWD involving a limited set of applications...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866287/dangerous-arachnids-fake-news-or-reality
#20
REVIEW
Tobias J Hauke, Volker Herzig
The public perception of spiders and scorpions is skewed towards the potential harm they can inflict in humans, despite recent scientific evidence that arachnid venom components might be useful as bioinsecticides or even human therapeutics. Nevertheless, arachnids are becoming more popular as pets in Europe, America and Asia, raising the question for regulatory agencies in these regions as to whether they need to take measurements to protect their citizens. In order to decide upon the necessary regulatory steps, they first need to determine which arachnids are actually dangerous to humans...
November 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
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