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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077490/improving-uniformity-in-brain-death-determination-policies-over-time
#1
Hilary H Wang, Panayiotis N Varelas, Galen V Henderson, Eelco F M Wijdicks, David M Greer
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that progress has been made in unifying brain death determination guidelines in the last decade by directly comparing the policies of the US News and World Report's top 50 ranked neurologic institutions from 2006 and 2015. METHODS: We solicited official hospital guidelines in 2015 from these top 50 institutions, generated summary statistics of their criteria as benchmarked against the American Academy of Neurology Practice Parameters (AANPP) and the comparison 2006 cohort in 5 key categories, and statistically compared the 2 cohorts' compliance with the AANPP...
January 11, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028047/content-analysis-of-uk-newspaper-and-online-news-representations-of-women-s-and-men-s-binge-drinking-a-challenge-for-communicating-evidence-based-messages-about-single-episodic-drinking
#2
C Patterson, C Emslie, O Mason, G Fergie, S Hilton
OBJECTIVES: In the UK, men's alcohol-related morbidity and mortality still greatly exceeds women's, despite an increase in women's alcohol consumption in recent decades. New UK alcohol guidelines introduce gender-neutral low-risk alcohol consumption guidance. This study explores how UK newspaper and online news represent women's and men's 'binge' drinking to identify opportunities to better align reporting of harmful drinking with evidence. DESIGN: Quantitative and qualitative content analysis of 308 articles published in 7 UK national newspapers and the BBC News website between 1 January 2012 and 31 December 2013...
December 27, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996996/-ecg-for-non-competitive-sports-in-childhood-strengths-and-disputes
#3
Elena Poggi, Alessandro Giannattasio, Sara Bolloli, Andrea Beccaria, Paola Mezzano, Paola Rocca, Cecilia Del Vecchio
BACKGROUND: Sport is very important for health promotion and conservation. Active lifestyle and regular exercise reduce cardiovascular disease incidence. The Italian Ministry of Health issued the Law Decree no. 243 (10/18/2014) concerning "guidelines for certification about non-competitive sports" to promote safety in sports. This regulation defines the activities for which a certificate is required, the professional actors involved and the clinical exams to be performed according to the patient's health status...
November 2016: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931897/is-suicide-reporting-in-indian-newspapers-responsible-a-study-from-rajasthan
#4
Nikhil Jain, Sunil Kumar
PURPOSE: Media reporting has consistently been shown to influence suicidal behaviour. Irresponsible reporting by the media can lead to imitative suicidal behaviour. The WHO has delineated guidelines for responsible media reporting of suicide. The study aims to examine whether Indian newspapers adhere to the WHO guidelines and whether there are differences in style of reporting between local and national newspapers and between English and Hindi newspapers. METHODS: The study was conducted on ten newspaper publications that were circulated in Jaipur, India from 1st October 2014 to 31st December 2014...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898142/sv%C3%A3-ra-samtal-med-patienter-tr%C3%A3-nas-p%C3%A3-kurs-med-sk%C3%A3-despelare-en-medveten-strategi-hj%C3%A3-lper-b%C3%A3-de-l%C3%A3-kare-och-patient
#5
Anders Danielsson, Hanna Dahlstrand, Franziska Edvinsson, Mattias Tranberg, Anna Wrangsjö, Carl-Johan Fürst
The physician's communication skill influences the patient's mental and physical wellbeing, as well as the physician's own experience of stress. Most patients wish to be informed about their disease, by physicians who are honest, gives time, sustains hope, listens and shows compassion and empathy. Even though there are established guidelines on how to break bad news, the physician must find out and respond to the unique reactions and needs of each individual, in order to communicate successfully. There is no consensus on how to construct and evaluate communication skills training programs for physicians, and more RCT-studies are requested...
November 22, 2016: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742522/use-and-implementation-of-standard-operating-procedures-and-checklists-in-prehospital-emergency-medicine-a-literature-review
#6
REVIEW
Chulin Chen, Ting Kan, Shuang Li, Chen Qiu, Li Gui
OBJECTIVES: This review aimed to analyze published literature to introduce the use and implementation of standard operating procedures (SOPs) and checklists in prehospital emergency medicine and their impact on guideline adherence and patient outcome. METHODS: An English literature search was carried out using the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Springer, Elsevier, and ProQuest databases. Original articles describing the use and implementation of SOPs or checklists in prehospital emergency medicine were included...
December 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713489/in-the-news-treatment-guidelines-and-positive-trials-at-ectrims
#7
Ian Fyfe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 7, 2016: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670824/-immunology-and-immunosuppression-in-kidney-transplantation-abo-and-hla-incompatible-kidney-transplantation
#8
F Kleinclauss, A Frontczak, N Terrier, R Thuret, M-O Timsit
OBJECTIVES: To perform a state of the art about immunological features in renal transplantation, immunosuppressive drugs and their mechanisms of action and immunologically high risk transplantations such as ABO and HLA-incompatible transplantation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An exhaustive systematic review of the scientific literature was performed in the Medline database (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov) and Embase (http://www.embase.com) using different associations of the following keywords (MESH): "allogenic response; allograft; immunosuppression; ABO incompatible transplantation; donor specific antibodies; HLA incompatible; desensitization; kidney transplantation"...
November 2016: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652208/ethical-publishing-in-intensive-care-medicine-a-narrative-review
#9
REVIEW
Christian J Wiedermann
Ethical standards in the context of scientific publications are increasingly gaining attention. A narrative review of the literature concerning publication ethics was conducted as found in PubMed, Google Scholar, relevant news articles, position papers, websites and other sources. The Committee on Publication Ethics has produced guidelines and schedules for the handling of problem situations that have been adopted by professional journals and publishers worldwide as guidelines to authors. The defined requirements go beyond the disclosure of conflicts of interest or the prior registration of clinical trials...
August 4, 2016: World Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637445/a-case-review-in-flight-births-over-a-4-year-period-in-the-northern-territory-australia
#10
Toby Shipway, Elaine Johnson, Sheridan Bell, Jodie Martin, Peter Clark
OBJECTIVE: There has been much newspaper and online news coverage of in-flight obstetric births on commercial aircraft over several decades. This case series reviews several cases of in-flight birth and immediate maternal and neonatal outcomes from air medical retrievals in the Northern Territory of Australia over a 3-year period. METHODS: This is a retrospective written case note and electronic medical retrieval record analysis of 4 patients undergoing in-flight, at altitude, obstetric birth...
September 2016: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602541/supporting-reporting-on-the-positive-effects-of-text-and-video-based-awareness-material-on-responsible-journalistic-suicide-news-writing
#11
Sebastian Scherr, Florian Arendt, Markus Schäfer
Suicide is a global public health problem. Media impact on suicide is well confirmed and there are several recommendations on how media should and should not report on suicide to minimize the risk of copycat behavior. Those media guidelines have been developed to improve responsible reporting on suicide (RRS). Although such guidelines are used in several countries, we lack empirical evidence on their causal effect on actual journalistic news writing. We conducted an experiment with journalism students (N = 78) in Germany in which we tested whether exposure to awareness material promoting RRS influences news writing...
August 16, 2016: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600531/assessing-fidelity-to-suicide-reporting-guidelines-in-canadian-news-media-the-death-of-robin-williams
#12
Michael Creed, Rob Whitley
OBJECTIVE: Mindset is a short recently-published booklet funded by the Mental Health Commission of Canada outlining evidence-based guidelines and best practices for journalists writing about mental health and suicide. Our study aimed to assess fidelity to Mindset recommendations in Canadian newspaper reports of a recent celebrity suicide. A secondary aim is to identify common themes discussed in these newspaper articles. METHODS: Articles about Robin Williams' suicide from major Canadian newspapers were gathered and coded for presence or absence of each of the 14 recommendations in the "Covering Suicide" section of Mindset...
September 6, 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566406/social-representation-of-cyberbullying-and-adolescent-suicide-a-mixed-method-analysis-of-news-stories
#13
Rachel Young, Roma Subramanian, Stephanie Miles, Amanda Hinnant, Julie L Andsager
Cyberbullying has provoked public concern after well-publicized suicides of adolescents. This mixed-methods study investigates the social representation of these suicides. A content analysis of 184 U.S. newspaper articles on death by suicide associated with cyberbullying or aggression found that few articles adhered to guidelines suggested by the World Health Organization and the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention to protect against suicidal behavioral contagion. Few articles made reference to suicide or bullying prevention resources, and most suggested that the suicide had a single cause...
August 26, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543310/preventing-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-using-american-college-of-cardiology-and-american-heart-association-prevention-guidelines-some-good-news-but-caveats-remain
#14
EDITORIAL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428098/sympathy-shame-and-few-solutions-news-media-portrayals-of-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders
#15
Ines Eguiagaray, Brett Scholz, Caterina Giorgi
OBJECTIVE: there is a lack of public understanding about fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), and many countries lack policies to deal with FASD concerns. Given the role of news media in disseminating a range of health information, the aim of the current study was to explore the media coverage on alcohol use during pregnancy and FASD, and to identify ways to improve associated health messages. DESIGN: the current study uses a framing analysis of news media reports about FASD over a 1-year period...
September 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423623/breaking-the-news-of-a-diagnosis-of-motor-neurone-disease-a-national-survey-of-neurologists-perspectives
#16
Samar M Aoun, Lauren J Breen, Robert Edis, Robert D Henderson, David Oliver, Rodney Harris, Denise Howting, Margaret O'Connor, Carol Birks
Communication of the diagnosis of MND is daunting for patients and neurologists. This study aimed to establish a knowledge base of current Australian practice of breaking the news of an MND diagnosis, to assess the neurologists' educational and training needs and to compare the feedback obtained from neurologists and patients to international practice guidelines. An anonymous survey of neurologists was undertaken in Australia (2014). 73 neurologists responded to this national survey (50.4% response rate). Nearly 70% of neurologists reported finding it "somewhat to very difficult" communicating the MND diagnosis, and 65% reported feeling moderate to high stress and anxiety at the delivery of diagnosis...
August 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27422876/breaking-news-in-heart-failure-esc-guidelines-2016-non-steroidal-mineralocorticoid-receptor-antagonist-and-alternate-site-crt-pacing
#17
EDITORIAL
Thomas F Lüscher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2016: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372353/-are-schizophrenic-patients-being-told-their-diagnosis-today-in-france
#18
M Villani, V Kovess-Masféty
INTRODUCTION: The progressive shifts in the legal and social contexts, along with major changes in information seeking habits with the development of the Internet, have placed patients' information at the core of medical practice. This has to be applied to the psychiatric fields as well, and to questions about how schizophrenic patients are being told their diagnosis nowadays in France. METHODS: This paper is a national and international literature review about schizophrenia diagnosis disclosure practices, from 1972 to 2014, using French and English languages and various psychology and medical databases...
June 29, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27270668/how-did-media-present-the-radiation-risks-after-the-fukushima-accident-a-content-analysis-of-newspapers-in-europe
#19
Yevgeniya Tomkiv, Tanja Perko, Deborah H Oughton, Iztok Prezelj, Marie C Cantone, Eduardo Gallego
Any activity that might result in exposure of a population to contaminants requires communication of the associated risks. This communication is complicated by several factors including public perceptions, distrust, uncertainties in risk assessment and news media. These factors are especially prominent in communication of risks from ionizing radiation. A number of guidelines about the communication of risks related to radiation exposures have been made by national and international authorities and other stakeholders...
June 6, 2016: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27261157/military-suicide-coverage-ap-news-wire-suicide-guidelines
#20
Donna Schuman, Regina T Praetorius, Donelle M Barnes, Allyson A Arana
The authors evaluated how well Associated Press News Wire stories adhered to the Recommendations for Reporting on Suicide™ during 2012, a peak year of military suicide. They included individual suicide stories (N = 167) from randomly selected days. They also evaluated differences in the military versus civilian coverage. Military and civilian stories typically had about five negative practices, and less than one positive practice, with military stories significantly more likely to miss valuable opportunities to promote help-seeking...
October 2016: Death Studies
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