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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426289/injuries-and-exposures-among-ocean-safety-providers-a-review-of-workplace-injuries-and-exposures-from-2007-2012
#1
Kevin M Ryan, Alan H Breaud, Laura Eliseo, Ralph Goto, Patricia Mitchell
OBJECTIVE: Research on workplace injuries and exposures in ocean safety personnel remains limited. Despite increasing beach attendance and reliance on lifeguards for protection, the most common types of injuries, equipment resulting in injuries and environmental exposures remains unknown. METHODS: This study reviewed OSHA 300 logs summarizing workers' compensation claims from 2007-2012 to identify common body parts injured, action at time of injury, equipment causing injury and environmental exposures...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421684/navigating-the-rolling-hills-of-justice-mental-disabilities-employment-and-the-evolving-jurisprudence-of-the-americans-with-disabilities-act
#2
Lauren Wylonis, Nina T Wylonis, Robert Sadoff
Mental illness and disability affect millions of individuals yearly in the U.S. The most important legislation protecting the mentally disabled in the workplace in the U.S. over the last half century has been the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and its associated legislation and guidance. Although the employee should first request reasonable accommodation with the employer, evaluation by a mental health professional is one of the initial steps for individuals who report significant psychiatric symptoms that are impairing their functioning at work in the U...
March 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420807/effects-of-modifications-to-the-health-and-social-sector-s-collective-agreement-on-the-objective-characteristics-of-working-hours
#3
Annina Ropponen, Päivi Vanttola, Aki Koskinen, Tarja Hakola, Sampsa Puttonen, Mikko Härmä
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of an intervention on objective working-hour characteristics. The intervention involved making modifications to the collective agreement that would limit employees' entitlement to time off as compensation. The intervention group consisted of 493 and the control group of 2303 health and social care shift workers, respectively. We analysed the objective pay roll-based working-hour data for 2012-2013, which we obtained from employers' records, using the repeated measures mixed model...
April 14, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409052/job-satisfaction-analysis-in-rural-china-a-qualitative-study-of-doctors-in-a-township-hospital
#4
Qiwei Chen, Lan Yang, Qiming Feng, Scott S Tighe
Background. Township hospitals in China provide rural communities with basic but much needed critical health care services. The doctors working in these hospitals often feel unsatisfied when considering their work schedules and financial rewards. Method. To explore job satisfaction of health workers in a township hospital, a qualitative study was conducted of 39 doctors from five township hospitals in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. The goal was to understand the level of job satisfaction of doctors and to make recommendations for improvements...
2017: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399837/fear-of-re-injury-and-return-to-work-following-compensable-injury-qualitative-insights-from-key-stakeholders-in-victoria-australia
#5
Samantha Bunzli, Nabita Singh, Danielle Mazza, Alex Collie, Agnieszka Kosny, Rasa Ruseckaite, Bianca Brijnath
BACKGROUND: Return to work (RTW) is important for recovery post-injury. Fear of (re)injury is a strong predictor of delayed RTW, and therefore much attention has been given to addressing injured workers' fear beliefs. However, RTW is a socially-negotiated process and it may be important to consider the wider social context of the injured worker, including the beliefs of the key people involved in their RTW journey. METHODS: This paper involves data collected as part of a wider study in which semi-structured interviews explored RTW from the perspectives of 93 key stakeholders: injured workers, GPs, employers and insurance case managers in Victoria, Australia...
April 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387162/outcomes-following-carpal-tunnel-release-in-patients-receiving-workers-compensation-a-systematic-review
#6
John C Dunn, Nicholas A Kusnezov, Logan R Koehler, Dennis Vanden Berge, Ben Genco, Justin Mitchell, Justin D Orr, Mark Pallis
BACKGROUND: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a common occupational pathology, representing a high percentage of workers' compensation (WC) claims. METHODS: The literature was reviewed for all studies evaluating CTS outcomes including WC patients between 1993 and 2016. A total of 348 articles were identified; 25 of which met inclusion and exclusion criteria. A systematic review was generated; patient demographics, outcomes, and complications were recorded. Weighted averages were calculated for the demographic and outcome data...
April 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377862/arthrodesis-rate-and-patient-reported-outcomes-after-anterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-utilizing-a-plasma-sprayed-titanium-coated-peek-interbody-implant-a-retrospective-observational-analysis
#7
Joseph A Sclafani, Sophea R Bergen, Miranda Staples, Kevin Liang, Ramin Raiszadeh
BACKGROUND: Anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) is utilized in symptomatic spinal disc destabilization due to degenerative lumbar disc disease, isthmic and degenerative spondylolisthesis, internal disc disruption, or pseudarthrosis after non-operative treatments fail. The addition of a plasma-sprayed titanium coating (PTC) to polyether ether ketone spacers (PEEK) may reduce the rate of implant subsidence or non-union secondary to poor osseous-integration of non-coated PEEK or metal interbody systems...
2017: International Journal of Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370474/regional-socioeconomic-disparities-in-outcomes-for-workers-with-low-back-pain-in-the-united-states
#8
Mujahed Shraim, Manuel Cifuentes, Joanna L Willetts, Helen R Marucci-Wellman, Glenn Pransky
BACKGROUND: Although regional socioeconomic (SE) factors have been associated with worse health outcomes, prior studies have not addressed important confounders or work disability. METHODS: A national sample of 59 360 workers' compensation (WC) cases to evaluate impact of regional SE factors on medical costs and length of disability (LOD) in occupational low back pain (LBP). RESULTS: Lower neighborhood median household incomes (MHI) and higher state unemployment rates were associated with longer LOD...
April 3, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365675/costs-of-occupational-injuries-and-illnesses-in-croatia
#9
Marijana Bađun
Apart from influencing the quality of life, occupational injuries and illnesses can pose a large economic burden to a society. There are many studies that estimate the costs of occupational injuries and illnesses in highly developed economies, but the evidence for other countries is scarce. This study aimed to estimate the financial costs of occupational injuries and illnesses to Croatian government and employers in 2015. Workers were excluded due to the lack of data. Costs were estimated by analysing available data sources on occupational health and safety...
March 1, 2017: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364118/enablers-and-determinants-of-the-provision-of-written-action-plans-to-patients-with-asthma-a-stratified-survey-of-canadian-physicians
#10
Fabienne Djandji, Alexandrine J Lamontagne, Lucie Blais, Simon L Bacon, Pierre Ernst, Roland Grad, Kim L Lavoie, Martha L McKinney, Eve Desplats, Francine M Ducharme
Despite national recommendations, most patients with asthma are not given a written action plan . The objectives were to ascertain physicians' endorsement of potential enablers to providing a written action plan, and the determinants and proportion, of physician-reported use of a written action plan. We surveyed 838 family physicians, paediatricians, and emergency physicians in Quebec. The mailed questionnaire comprised 102 questions on asthma management, 11 of which pertained to written action plan and promising enablers...
March 31, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350673/the-effect-of-workers-compensation-on-outcome-measurement-methods-after-upper-extremity-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Yuki Fujihara, Melissa J Shauver, Meghan E Lark, Lin Zhong, Kevin C Chung
BACKGROUND: Patients who receive workers' compensation often display worse surgical results, such as prolonged pain or reduced functional ability. The outcomes of surgery can be assessed using a variety of surveys, assessments, and measurements. It is unknown whether the confounding effect differs based on how results are measured. The aim of this study was to determine whether these variations exist. METHODS: A search of full-length articles published between January 1, 1995, and December 31, 2015, was conducted using 3 online databases...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345408/autologous-chondrocyte-implantation-to-isolated-patella-cartilage-defects
#12
Arvind von Keudell, Roger Han, Tim Bryant, Tom Minas
Background Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) is a durable treatment for patients with chondral defects. This study presents the comprehensive evaluation of patients with patella defects treated with ACI at medium- to long-term follow-up. Methods Thirty consecutive patients with isolated chondral lesions of the patella were enrolled prospectively. Primary outcome measures were validated patient reported outcome measures and objective magnetic resonance imaging. Results Nineteen of 30 patients underwent tibial tubercle osteotomy (TTO) to correct lateral maltracking in combination with soft tissue balancing...
April 2017: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298838/median-and-common-peroneal-neuropathy-in-coir-workers-of-alappuzha-district-kerala
#13
Sadanandavalli Retnaswami Chandra, Biji Anand, Thomas Gregor Issac
INTRODUCTION: Coir work, in a large number of people involves mechanically rolling the coconut fibers into coir which is later subjected to various processes. The primary work is done as a cottage industry specially by women in the sitting posture for several hours. This study reports evidence of median and common peroneal neuropathy electrophysiologically in people who had been engaged in this job for several years. This study was initiated to establish the possible relationship between coir work and symptomatic neuropathies which was seen in that region with all investigations "for other causes not" contributing to the etiological diagnosis...
January 2017: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298342/trade-offs-in-an-ant-plant-fungus-mutualism
#14
Jérôme Orivel, Pierre-Jean Malé, Jérémie Lauth, Olivier Roux, Frédéric Petitclerc, Alain Dejean, Céline Leroy
Species engaged in multiple, simultaneous mutualisms are subject to trade-offs in their mutualistic investment if the traits involved in each interaction are overlapping, which can lead to conflicts and affect the longevity of these associations. We investigate this issue via a tripartite mutualism involving an ant plant, two competing ant species and a fungus the ants cultivate to build galleries under the stems of their host plant to capture insect prey. The use of the galleries represents an innovative prey capture strategy compared with the more typical strategy of foraging on leaves...
March 15, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295479/work-related-musculoskeletal-disorder-surveillance-using-the-washington-state-workers-compensation-system-recent-declines-and-patterns-by-industry-1999-2013
#15
Jennifer Marcum, Darrin Adams
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) are common and place large economic and social burdens on workers and their communities. We describe recent WMSD trends and patterns of WMSD incidence among the Washington worker population by industry. METHODS: We used Washington State's workers' compensation compensable claims from 1999 to 2013 to describe incidence and cost of WMSD claims by body part and diagnosis, and to identify high-risk industries...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292796/hand-arm-vibration-syndrome-what-family-physicians-should-know
#16
REVIEW
Shixin Cindy Shen, Ronald A House
OBJECTIVE: To provide family physicians with an understanding of the epidemiology, pathogenesis, symptoms, diagnosis, and management of hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS), an important and common occupational disease in Canada. SOURCES OF INFORMATION: A MEDLINE search was conducted for research and review articles on HAVS. A Google search was conducted to obtain gray literature relevant to the Canadian context. Additional references were obtained from the articles identified...
March 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292563/hiv-task-sharing-between-nurses-and-physicians-in-nigeria-examining-the-correlates-of-nurse-self-efficacy-and-job-satisfaction
#17
Emilia Ngozi Iwu, William L Holzemer
A global shortfall of 12.9 million health care workers has been predicted to occur in the next two decades. Task sharing between physicians and nurses, a method used to help compensate for provider shortages, was shown to improve access to antiretroviral therapy in Africa, but led to nurses performing beyond their scopes of practice. We surveyed 508 nurses in task-shifted roles in Nigeria. Respondents (n = 399) provided information on age, years in practice, gender, registration status, employment site, and access to task-sharing training and mentoring...
February 17, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283140/pay-matters-the-piece-rate-and-health-in-the-developing-world
#18
Mary E Davis
BACKGROUND: Piece rate pay remains a common form of compensation in developing-world industries. While the piece rate may boost productivity, it has been shown to have unintended consequences for occupational safety and health, including increased accident and injury risk. OBJECTIVES: This paper explores the relationship between worker pay and physical and emotional health, and questions the modern day business case for piece rate pay in the developing world. METHODS: The relationship between piece rate and self-reported measures of physical and emotional health is estimated using a large survey of garment workers in 109 Vietnamese factories between 2010 and 2014...
September 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275347/cognitive-training-sustainably-improves-executive-functioning-in-middle-aged-industry-workers-assessed-by-task-switching-a-randomized-controlled-erp-study
#19
Patrick D Gajewski, Gabriele Freude, Michael Falkenstein
Recently, we reported results of a cross-sectional study investigating executive functions in dependence of aging and type of work. That study showed deficits in performance and electrophysiological activity in middle-aged workers with long-term repetitive and unchallenging work. Based on these findings, we conducted a longitudinal study that aimed at ameliorating these cognitive deficits by means of a trainer-guided cognitive training (CT) in 57 further middle-aged workers with repetitive type of work from the same factory...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272928/prospective-clinical-and-radiographic-outcomes-after-concomitant-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-and-meniscal-allograft-transplantation-at-a-mean-5-year-follow-up
#20
Bryan M Saltzman, Maximilian A Meyer, Alexander E Weber, Sarah G Poland, Adam B Yanke, Brian J Cole
BACKGROUND: Concomitant anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction and meniscal allograft transplantation (ACLR/MAT) has demonstrated short-term success in small, retrospective cohort studies. Patient- and disease-specific predictors of success after ACLR/MAT are largely unknown. PURPOSE: To (1) prospectively evaluate the subjective and objective clinical and radiographic outcomes after ACLR/MAT and (2) conduct a subgroup analysis to identify patient- or disease-related factors that correlate with failure...
March 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
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