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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727537/state-health-agency-and-local-health-department-workforce-identifying-top-development-needs
#1
Angela J Beck, Jonathon P Leider, Fatima Coronado, Elizabeth Harper
OBJECTIVES: To identify occupations with high-priority workforce development needs at public health departments in the United States. METHODS: We surveyed 46 state health agencies (SHAs) and 112 local health departments (LHDs). We asked respondents to prioritize workforce needs for 29 occupations and identify whether more positions, more qualified candidates, more competitive salaries for recruitment or retention, or new or different staff skills were needed. RESULTS: Forty-one SHAs (89%) and 36 LHDs (32%) participated...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725118/share-capitalism-and-worker-wellbeing
#2
Alex Bryson, Andrew E Clark, Richard B Freeman, Colin P Green
We show that worker wellbeing is determined not only by the amount of compensation workers receive but also by how compensation is determined. While previous theoretical and empirical work has often been preoccupied with individual performance-related pay, we find that the receipt of a range of group-performance schemes (profit shares, group bonuses and share ownership) is associated with higher job satisfaction. This holds conditional on wage levels, so that pay methods are associated with greater job satisfaction in addition to that coming from higher wages...
October 2016: Labour Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720090/-we-and-the-nurses-are-now-working-with-one-voice-how-community-leaders-and-health-committee-members-describe-their-role-in-sierra-leone-s-ebola-response
#3
Shannon A McMahon, Lara S Ho, Kerry Scott, Hannah Brown, Laura Miller, Ruwan Ratnayake, Rashid Ansumana
BACKGROUND: Across low-income settings, community volunteers and health committee members support the formal health system - both routinely and amid emergencies - by engaging in health services such as referrals and health education. During the 2014-2015 Ebola epidemic, emerging reports suggest that community engagement was instrumental in interrupting transmission. Nevertheless, literature regarding community volunteers' roles during emergencies generally, and Ebola specifically, is scarce...
July 18, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711342/birmingham-hip-resurfacing-vs-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-matched-pair-comparison-of-clinical-outcomes
#4
Victor R Ortiz-Declet, David A Iacobelli, Leslie C Yuen, Itay Perets, Austin W Chen, Benjamin G Domb
BACKGROUND: Birmingham hip resurfacing (BHR) has proven to be a good alternative for younger patients with osteoarthritis. Some have asserted that BHR may yield outcomes which are superior to total hip arthroplasty (THA), and that some studies which failed to show a difference were plagued by ceiling effects and lack of sensitivity of outcome measures. The purpose of this study is to compare outcomes of BHR and THA using the "Forgotten Joint" Score-12 (FJS), a more sensitive score with lesser vulnerability to the ceiling effect...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703044/implementation-of-a-safe-patient-handling-program-in-a-multihospital-health-system-from-inception-to-sustainability-successes-over-8-years-and-ongoing-challenges
#5
Christine Olinski, Christine E Norton
Musculoskeletal injuries, especially back injuries, are among the most frequent injuries sustained by direct caregivers who lift, transfer, and reposition patients. These injuries can be debilitating and, for some caregivers, career ending. In the first year following implementation of the safe patient handling program in a multihospital health care system, an 82% reduction in Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) recordable patient handling injuries was realized, a 94% decrease in days away from work, an 85% reduction in restricted duty days, and an 82% reduction in incurred workers' compensation costs...
July 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700387/treatment-of-recurrent-lumbar-disc-herniation-with-or-without-fusion-in-workers-compensation-subjects
#6
Jeffrey A O'Donnell, Joshua T Anderson, Arnold R Haas, Rick Percy, Stephen T Woods, Uri M Ahn, Nicholas U Ahn
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To determine outcomes after reoperation discectomy with or without fusion surgery for recurrent lumbar disc herniation (RLDH) in the workers' compensation (WC) population. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: RLDH is estimated to occur in 7% to 24% of patients after discectomy. There are two main surgical options after reherniation: a revision discectomy (RD), or an RD combined with fusion (RDF)...
July 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698322/perceived-impacts-of-the-national-essential-medicines-system-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-health-workers-in-urban-community-health-services-in-china
#7
Tao Zhang, Chaojie Liu, Jianping Ren, Sheng Wang, Xianhong Huang, Qing Guo
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the perceptions of primary care workers about the impacts of the national essential medicines policy (NEMP). SETTING: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was undertaken in 42 urban community health centres randomly selected from four provinces in China. PARTICIPANTS: 791 primary care workers rated the impacts of the NEMP on a 5-point Likert scale. OUTCOME MEASURES: An average score for the impacts of the NEMP on four aspects (the practice of health workers, interactions of patients with health workers, operations of health centres and provision of medicines) was calculated, each ranging from 0 to 100...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693815/comorbid-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-increases-pain-symptoms-in-patients-suffering-from-an-isolated-limb-fracture
#8
Marianne Jodoin, Dominique M Rouleau, Nadia Gosselin, Benoit Benoit, Stéphane Leduc, Yves Laflamme, Camille Larson-Dupuis, Louis De Beaumont
OBJECTIVES: This study seeks to evaluate the effects of a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) on pain in patients with an isolated limb fracture (ILF) when compared to a matched cohort group with no mTBI (control group). PATIENTS AND METHODS: All subjects included in this observational study suffered from an ILF. Groups were matched according to the type of injury, sex, age, and time since the accident. Main outcome measurements were: Standardized semi-structured interviews at follow-up of a Level I Trauma Center, and a questionnaire on fracture-related pain symptoms...
July 1, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690076/patient-non-adherence-to-guideline-recommended-care-in-acute-low-back-pain
#9
Jasper D Bier, Steven J Kamper, Arianne P Verhagen, Christopher G Maher, Christopher M Williams
OBJECTIVE: To describe the magnitude of patient reported non-adherence with guideline-recommended care for acute low back pain. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data from participants enrolled in the PACE trial, a randomised controlled trial evaluating the effectiveness of paracetamol for acute low back pain. PARTICIPANTS: Data from 1643 participants with acute low back pain. INTERVENTIONS: Guideline recommendend care including; reassurance, simple analgesia, and the advice to stay active and avoid bed rest...
July 6, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685091/asbestos-related-lung-cancers-a-retrospective-clinical-and-pathological-study
#10
Marie Uguen, Jean-Dominique Dewitte, Pascale Marcorelles, Brice Loddé, Richard Pougnet, Philippe Saliou, Marc De Braekeleer, Arnaud Uguen
Exposure to asbestos results in serious risks of developing mesothelioma and lung cancer. The link between asbestos exposure and lung carcinoma is well established. Nevertheless, precise histopathological data are poorly considered when investigating the asbestos-cancer link in a compensatory approach. In the present study, we aim to describe the features of individuals with compensated lung cancer who were referred to an occupational disease center, regarding occupational exposure to asbestos, smoking history and pathological data...
July 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672804/wage-differentials-between-heat-exposure-risk-and-no-heat-exposure-risk-groups
#11
Donghyun Kim, Up Lim
The goal of this study is to investigate the wage differential between groups of workers who are exposed to heat and those who are not. Workers in the heat-exposure risk group are defined as workers who work in conditions that cause them to spend more than 25% of their work hours at high temperatures. To analyze the wage differential, the Blinder-Oaxaca and Juhn-Murphy-Pierce methods were applied to Korea Working Condition Survey data. The results show that the no heat-exposure risk group received higher wages...
June 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670460/factors-affecting-heat-related-diseases-in-outdoor-workers-exposed-to-extreme-heat
#12
Jungsun Park, Yangho Kim, Inbo Oh
BACKGROUND: The objectives of the present study are to: (i) evaluate the effect of environmental and metabolic heat on heat-related illnesses in outdoor workers; and (ii) evaluate the effect of personal factors, including heat acclimation, on the risk of heat-related illnesses in outdoor workers. METHODS: We identified 47 cases of illnesses from exposure to environmental heat in outdoor workers in Korea from 2010 to 2014, based on review of workers' compensation data...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669330/the-quality-of-life-and-professional-future-among-tunisian-workers-suffering-from-occupational-asthma
#13
Mohamed Adnene Henchi, Amira Omrane, Charfeddine Amri, Lamia Bouzgarrou, Ines Rassas, Awatef Mahfoudh, Taoufik Khalfallah, Mohamed Akrout
OBJECTIVE: To identify the factors influencing the quality of life and professional future of patients suffering from occupational asthma. METHOD: A cross-sectional study of patients compensated for occupational asthma in Tunisian center, between 2004-2011. The study of quality of life was based on the Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaires (AQLQ). Some related patents were also discussed. RESULTS: One hundred twenty-nine patients were compensated and the mean age was 40...
June 30, 2017: Recent Patents on Inflammation & Allergy Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666444/development-of-village-doctors-in-china-financial-compensation-and-health-system-support
#14
REVIEW
Dan Hu, Weiming Zhu, Yaqun Fu, Minmin Zhang, Yang Zhao, Kara Hanson, Melisa Martinez-Alvarez, Xiaoyun Liu
BACKGROUND: Since 1968, China has trained about 1.5 million barefoot doctors in a few years' time to provide basic health services to 0.8 billion rural population. China's Ministry of Health stopped using the term of barefoot doctor in 1985, and changed policy to develop village doctors. Since then, village doctors have kept on playing an irreplaceable role in China's rural health, even though the number of village doctors has fluctuated over the years and they face serious challenges...
July 1, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656727/the-eastern-european-experience-on-occupational-skin-diseases-make-underreporting-an-issue
#15
H R Moldovan, S T Voidazan, S M John, P Weinert, G Moldovan, M A Vlasiu, Z A Szasz, G S Tiplica, S Szasz, A C Marin, C M Salavastru
BACKGROUND: While legislation in most of the Eastern European countries is nowadays widely harmonized with the legal safety and health provisions of Western countries, there is still a sustained resistance to the notification of occupational skin diseases (OSD). OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to identify the main barriers in notification and recognition of OSD in 22 Eastern European countries. METHODS: An online survey was administered to key persons in the field of occupational safety and health in 22 Eastern European countries...
June 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656146/incidental-and-underreported-pleural-plaques-at-chest-ct-do-not-miss-them-asbestos-exposure-still-exists
#16
Maria Antonietta Mazzei, Francesco Contorni, Francesco Gentili, Susanna Guerrini, Francesco Giuseppe Mazzei, Antonio Pinto, Nevada Cioffi Squitieri, Antonietta Gerardina Sisinni, Valentina Paolucci, Riccardo Romeo, Pietro Sartorelli, Luca Volterrani
Pleural plaques (PPs) may be a risk factor for mortality from lung cancer in asbestos-exposed workers and are considered to be a marker of exposure. Diagnosing PPs is also important because asbestos-exposed patients should be offered a health surveillance that is mandatory in many countries. On the other hand PPs are useful for compensation purposes. In this study we aimed to evaluate the prevalence, as incidental findings, and the underreporting rate of PPs in chest CT scans (CTs) performed in a cohort of patients (1512) who underwent chest CT with a slice thickness no more than 1...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647549/motivational-interviewing-improves-sustainable-return-to-work-in-injured-workers-after-rehabilitation-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Douglas P Gross, Joanne Park, Fahreen Rayani, Colleen M Norris, Shaniff Esmail
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether motivational interviewing (MI) leads to more sustainable return-to-work outcomes for injured workers undergoing rehabilitation. MI is a client-centred counselling approach that facilitates behavioural change through identifying and resolving ambivalence. DESIGN: A cluster randomised controlled trial was conducted with analysis at level of claimant (registration ISRCTN45748422). SETTING: The study was conducted at a workers' compensation rehabilitation facility in Edmonton, Canada...
June 21, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636468/do-ligamentum-teres-tears-portend-inferior-outcomes-in-patients-with-borderline-dysplasia-undergoing-hip-arthroscopic-surgery-a-match-controlled-study-with-a-minimum-2-year-follow-up
#18
Edwin O Chaharbakhshi, Itay Perets, Lyall Ashberg, Brian Mu, Christopher Lenkeit, Benjamin G Domb
BACKGROUND: Arthroscopic surgery in borderline dysplastic hips remains controversial, but the role of the ligamentum teres (LT) has not been studied in this setting. HYPOTHESIS: Borderline dysplastic patients with LT tears have worse short-term outcomes than those without LT tears. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: Data were prospectively collected on patients who underwent arthroscopic surgery between February 2008 and April 2014...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632597/leadership-communication-and-negotiation-across-a-diverse-workforce-an-aoa-critical-issues-symposium
#19
Denis R Clohisy, Michael J Yaszemski, Joanne Lipman
The current workforce in the United States is rapidly changing and is increasingly inclusive of individuals from a broad range of ages, ethnicities, and cultural backgrounds. Engaging and leading a diverse workforce creates great opportunities for innovation and adaptation in our evolving medical economic and clinical care delivery environment. For optimal engagement of employees and partners, orthopaedic surgeons must develop the necessary skills for executing change inside complex organizations and across teams composed of a variety of providers and skilled workers...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630718/ability-to-return-to-work-without-restrictions-in-workers-compensation-patients-undergoing-hip-arthroscopy
#20
Simon Lee, Gregory L Cvetanovich, Randy Mascarenhas, Thomas H Wuerz, Richard C Mather, Charles A Bush-Joseph, Shane J Nho
The purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of worker's compensation (WC) patients to return to work without restrictions after hip arthroscopy. Twenty-nine WC patients along with age and gender matched controls who underwent hip arthroscopy were retrospectively reviewed after achieving maximum medical improvement (MMI) status at minimum 1 year postoperatively. Patient demographic factors were evaluated, along with the Hip Outcome Score Activities of Daily Living and Sports-Specific subscales, and the modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS)...
January 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
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