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Doctorate of Nursing Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764525/development-of-understanding-of-dohad-concepts-in-students-during-undergraduate-health-professional-programs-in-japan-and-new-zealand
#1
M Oyamada, A Lim, R Dixon, C Wall, J Bay
Evidence in support of the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) hypothesis has reached the level where it can appropriately be used to inform practice. DOHaD informed interventions supporting primary noncommunicable disease risk reduction should target the pre- and periconceptional periods, pregnancy, lactation, childhood and adolescence. Such interventions are dependent on a health workforce (including dietitians, nurses, midwives, doctors, and nutrition teachers), that has a deep understanding of DOHaD concepts...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760363/-education-of-physiology-in-nursing-school-common-issues-and-measures-with-pharmacology
#2
Yuka Saeki
Anatomy, physiology or pharmacology is the important subject in nursing education. Nursing education is established in a law since 1951. Although the law is revised many times according to social situation, the subjects like physiology have been positioned as a basic specialized subject in the law now. Physiology is educated at 1st grade in most nursing school. However, there are some problems in educating physiology. First, academic ability in nursing students tend to decline recently. For example, there are some students who cannot solve simple arithmetic...
2018: Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. Folia Pharmacologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749778/barriers-to-implementing-the-sepsis-six-guidelines-in-an-acute-hospital-setting
#3
Sarah-Jane Breen, Sharon Rees
AIM: To identify the barriers to implementation of the Sepsis Six pathway. BACKGROUND: Research has suggested that compliance with the Sepsis Six pathway remains low. METHODS: A convenience sample of doctors and nurses from one emergency department, two medical wards and two surgical wards were asked to complete a survey questionnaire. RESULTS: Data from 108 respondents were available for analysis. Doctors and nurses agreed that lack of sepsis recognition during observation rounds and failure to associate sepsis with deranged temperature and blood results acted as barriers to the identification of sepsis...
May 10, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749775/the-use-of-tiemann-tip-catheters-for-male-intermittent-self-catheterisation
#4
Maggie Rew, Helen Lake, Kayleigh Brownlee-Moore
Male catheterisation can be difficult to perform, especially in patients with an enlarged prostate gland or other potentially obstructive conditions in the lower urinary tract. Repeated and unsuccessful catheterisations, as well as causing trauma, pain and distress, can cause other conditions such as urethral strictures and 'false passages' (when the catheter is pushed through the urethral wall instead of passing down the urethra), which then require more costly interventions to correct. With an increasingly ageing population these complications are expected to rise, putting added strain on an already stretched health service...
May 10, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746355/relationships-among-dnp-and-phd-students-after-implementing-a-doctoral-student-organization
#5
Jasmine L Travers, Marjorie Weis, Jacqueline A Merrill
BACKGROUND: Early career contact, between clinically focused DNP and research-focused PhD nursing students, may encourage desirable intradisciplinary synergies. AIM: The aim of the study was to assess relationships among DNP and PhD nursing students after initiating a doctoral student organization. METHOD: An online survey assessed student interaction pre- and post-doctoral student organization implementation. Analysis consisted of paired t-test, social network analysis, and content analysis methods...
May 9, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746221/interprofessional-population-health-advocacy-developing-and-implementing-a-panel-management-curriculum-in-five-veterans-administration-primary-care-practices
#6
Maya Dulay, Judith L Bowen, William G Weppner, Abigail Eastburn, Anne P Poppe, Pete Spanos, Danielle Wojtaszek, Destiny Printz, Catherine P Kaminetzky
Health care systems expect primary care clinicians to manage panels of patients and improve population health, yet few have been trained to do so. An interprofessional panel management (PM) curriculum is one possible strategy to address this training gap and supply future primary care practices with clinicians and teams prepared to work together to improve the health of individual patients and populations. This paper describes a Veterans Administration (VA) sponsored multi-site interprofessional PM curriculum development effort...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741534/a-brief-look-at-the-history-of-the-deaconess-hospital-edinburgh-1894-1990
#7
E R McNeill, D Wright, A K Demetriades
The Deaconess Hospital, Edinburgh, opened in 1894 and was the first establishment of its kind in the UK, maintained and wholly funded as it was by the Reformed Church. Through its 96-year lifetime it changed and evolved to time and circumstance. It was a school: for the training of nurses and deaconesses who took their practical skills all over the world. It was a sanctum: for the sick-poor before the NHS. It was a subsidiary: for the bigger hospitals of Edinburgh after amalgamation into the NHS. It was a specialised centre: as the Urology Department in Edinburgh and the Scottish Lithotripter centre...
March 2018: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739393/involvement-in-decisions-about-intravenous-treatment-for-nursing-home-patients-nursing-homes-versus-hospital-wards
#8
Kristin Klomstad, Reidar Pedersen, Reidun Førde, Maria Romøren
BACKGROUND: Many of the elderly in nursing homes are very ill and have a reduced quality of life. Life expectancy is often hard to predict. Decisions about life-prolonging treatment should be based on a professional assessment of the patient's best interest, assessment of capacity to consent, and on the patient's own wishes. The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare how these types of decisions were made in nursing homes and in hospital wards. METHODS: Using a questionnaire, we studied the decision-making process for 299 nursing home patients who were treated for dehydration using intravenous fluids, or for bacterial infections using intravenous antibiotics...
May 8, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738059/treatment-of-postoperative-pain-and-non-pharmacologic-practices-in-nursing-systematic-review-results-of-turkish-doctoral-dissertation-in-2000-2015
#9
Fatma Ay
OBJECTIVES: This cross-sectional descriptive study aimed to identify and summarize non-pharmacologic practices used by nurses to reduce or relieve postoperative pain and the effect of such practices on pain and to criticize current evidence. METHODS: Research data were acquired by searching in the "Turkish National Database of Dissertations" in January 02 to January 31, 2016. The research sample included 13 doctoral dissertations conducted in 2000-2015 in Turkey that meet the research criteria...
April 2018: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729662/child-abuse-and-neglect-in-the-jaffna-district-of-sri-lanka-a-study-on-knowledge-attitude-practices-and-behavior-of-health-care-professionals
#10
M G Sathiadas, Arunath Viswalingam, Karunya Vijayaratnam
BACKGROUND: Victims and perpetrators of child abuse do not typically self-report to child protection services, therefore responsibility of detection and reporting falls on the others. Knowledge on child protection is essential for the first contact person and such information is sparse in research literature originally coming from Sri Lanka. Anecdotally, several cases of child abuse have been missed out at the first contact level. Therefore we undertook this survey to assess the knowledge, attitudes towards child protection and the experiences of medical officers, nursing officers and social workers on child protection...
May 5, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727794/educational-videos-for-practitioners-attending-baby-friendly-hospital-initiative-workshops-supporting-breastfeeding-positioning-attachment-and-hand-expression-skills-effects-on-knowledge-and-confidence
#11
Louise M Wallace, Yuanying Ma, Li Qian Qiu, Orla M Dunn
UNICEF Baby Friendly Initiative (BFHI) is the global standard for maternity and community services requiring all practitioners to be trained to support mothers in the essential skills of supporting positioning and attachment, and hand expression. These studies aim to rigorously assess knowledge in nurses, midwives, and doctors in these skills, tested before and after watching short videos demonstrating these skills. Practitioners were attending BFHI education, and the video study was additional. In Phase 1 clinicians in England were randomised to one of two videos (practitioner role play or clinical demonstration)...
April 26, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726749/international-variation-in-programmes-for-assessment-of-children-s-neurodevelopment-in-the-community-understanding-disparate-approaches-to-evaluation-of-motor-social-emotional-behavioural-and-cognitive-function
#12
Philip Wilson, Rachael Wood, Kirsten Lykke, Anette Hauskov Graungaard, Ruth Kirk Ertmann, Merethe Kirstine Andersen, Ole Rikard Haavet, Per Lagerløv, Eirik Abildsnes, Mina P Dahli, Marjukka Mäkelä, Aleksi Varinen, Merja Hietanen
BACKGROUND: Few areas of medicine demonstrate such international divergence as child development screening and surveillance. Many countries have nationally mandated surveillance policies, but the content of programmes and mechanisms for delivery vary enormously. The cost of programmes is substantial but no economic evaluations have been carried out. We have critically examined the history, underlying philosophy, content and delivery of programmes for child development assessment in five countries with comprehensive publicly funded health services (Denmark, Finland, Norway, Scotland and Sweden)...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721705/knowledge-of-adverse-drug-reaction-reporting-and-the-pharmacovigilance-of-biological-medicines-a-survey-of-healthcare-professionals-in-ireland
#13
J O'Callaghan, B T Griffin, J M Morris, Margaret Bermingham
BACKGROUND: In Europe, changes to pharmacovigilance legislation, which include additional monitoring of medicines, aim to optimise adverse drug reaction (ADR) reporting systems. The legislation also makes provisions related to the traceability of biological medicines. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess (i) knowledge and general experience of ADR reporting, (ii) knowledge, behaviours, and attitudes related to the pharmacovigilance of biologicals, and (iii) awareness of additional monitoring among healthcare professionals (HCPs) in Ireland...
May 2, 2018: BioDrugs: Clinical Immunotherapeutics, Biopharmaceuticals and Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720091/mobility-concepts-and-access-to-health-care-in-a-rural-district-in-germany-a-mixed-methods-approach
#14
Lisa Schröder, Kristina Flägel, Katja Goetz, Jost Steinhäuser
BACKGROUND: Western countries are facing the challenges of an imminent shortage of physicians, especially general practitioners. As a consequence longer travel times to doctors' practices may arise. This study aimed to investigate the mobility behavior of a rural population in terms of medical consultations. METHODS: An exploratory mixed-methods design was conducted in the Waldshut district of the federal state Baden-Württemberg in Germany. Focus groups and a single telephone-interview with representatives, occupationally affiliated with mobility in the district (e...
May 2, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718906/explaining-the-heterogeneity-in-average-costs-per-hiv-aids-patient-in-nigeria-the-role-of-supply-side-and-service-delivery-characteristics
#15
Sergio Bautista-Arredondo, M Arantxa Colchero, Ogbonna O Amanze, Gina La Hera-Fuentes, Omar Silverman-Retana, David Contreras-Loya, Gregory A Ashefor, Kayode M Ogungbemi
OBJECTIVE: We estimated the average annual cost per patient of ART per facility (unit cost) in Nigeria, described the variation in costs across facilities, and identified factors associated with this variation. METHODS: We used facility-level data of 80 facilities in Nigeria, collected between December 2014 and May 2015. We estimated unit costs at each facility as the ratio of total costs (the sum of costs of staff, recurrent inputs and services, capital, training, laboratory tests, and antiretroviral and TB treatment drugs) divided by the annual number of patients...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713235/antimalarial-drug-prescribing-by-healthcare-workers-when-malaria-testing-is-negative-a-qualitative-study-in-madagascar
#16
David Harimbola Rakotonandrasana, Takahiro Tsukahara, Noriko Yamamoto-Mitani
Background: Despite the World Health Organization and the National Malaria Program of Madagascar recommending that antimalarial drugs only be prescribed for patients with positive results on malaria rapid diagnostic tests, healthcare workers continue to prescribe these drugs for cases with negative test results. We explored why and how primary healthcare workers in Madagascar continue to prescribe antimalarial drugs despite this guidance. Methods: We purposively selected 14 medical doctors and 2 nurses from 11 primary health facilities (6 public, 5 private) in Toliara, Madagascar, and interviewed them regarding their antimalarial prescribing behaviors...
2018: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703258/conscientious-objection-to-participation-in-abortion-by-midwives-and-nurses-a-systematic-review-of-reasons
#17
Valerie Fleming, Lucy Frith, Ans Luyben, Beate Ramsayer
BACKGROUND: Freedom of conscience is a core element of human rights respected by most European countries. It allows abortion through the inclusion of a conscience clause, which permits opting out of providing such services. However, the grounds for invoking conscientious objection lack clarity. Our aim in this paper is to take a step in this direction by carrying out a systematic review of reasons by midwives and nurses for declining, on conscience grounds, to participate in abortion...
April 27, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700900/barriers-and-facilitators-to-health-care-professionals-discussing-child-weight-with-parents-a-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#18
Daisy Bradbury, Anna Chisholm, Paula M Watson, Christine Bundy, Nicola Bradbury, Sarah Birtwistle
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity is one of the most serious global public health challenges. However, obesity and its consequences are largely preventable. As parents play an important role in their children's weight-related behaviours, good communication between parents and health care professionals (HCPs) is essential. This systematic review provides a meta-synthesis of qualitative studies exploring the barriers and facilitators experienced by HCPs when discussing child weight with parents...
April 26, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686904/association-between-breastfeeding-duration-and-type-of-birth-attendant
#19
Jordyn T Wallenborn, Saba W Masho
Introduction: Healthcare providers play an integral role in breastfeeding education and subsequent practices; however, the education and support provided to patients may differ by type of provider. The current study aims to evaluate the association between type of birth attendant and breastfeeding duration. Methods: Data from the prospective longitudinal study, Infant Feeding Practices Survey II, was analyzed. Breastfeeding duration and exclusive breastfeeding duration were defined using the American Academy of Pediatrics' national recommendations...
2018: Journal of Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669685/nurses-views-on-legalising-assisted-dying-in-new-zealand-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Michael Wilson, Pam Oliver, Phillipa Malpas
AIMS: This study investigated New Zealand nurses' views on legalising assisted dying across a range of clinical conditions, nurses' willingness to engage in legal assisted dying, potential deterrents and enablers to such engagement, and nurses' perceptions of the proper role of their professional bodies in relation to legalising assisted dying. BACKGROUND: A Bill for legalising assisted dying is currently before the New Zealand parliament. Of the 16 jurisdictions where assisted dying has been specifically legislated, only the Canadian federal statute provides nurses with explicit legal protection for their performance of assisted dying-related tasks...
April 15, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
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