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Fernando Delgado
One of the fundamental advances of the transition of the Middle Ages to the Renaissance was the rediscovery of the Greek philosophers. Among the greatest representatives of this epoch we find the Cordovan doctor and philosopher Averroes (Ibn Rushd) who, with his commentaries on the works of Aristotle, brought a new philosophical vision to Western Europe. His contribution to medicine has been overshadowed to some extent by this great work of philosophy. Our intention is to evaluate, in the context of the neurosciences, the vision of health and sickness that he left us in his book "The Book of the Principles of Medicine...
May 2012: Annals of Saudi Medicine
H R Harach, N R Converti, H M Targovnik
The presence of a thyroid carcinoma and a defect in thyroid hormone synthesis in a 27 year ols female is reported. When she was 13 years old a clinical diagnosis of hypothyroid cretinism was made, based on a defect of iodide organification which was demostrated by thiocyanate test showing a discharge of 55 % of 131I at 45 minutes. She intermittently received thyroid hormone until she died. Few days before dying she had normal values of T3, T4 and TSH. Her parents are related and she had a 35 years old sister with a similar type of thyroid hormone synthesis defect...
November 1980: Medicina
Edith Alva-Moncayo, María Castro-Tarín, Adolfo González-Serrano
BACKGROUND: Wilson disease is a problem of cuprum metabolism, with recesive autosomic hereditary transmission and a prevalence of one in 30,000 habitants. The cuprum is deposit in a progressive and irreversible way in the liver and encephalus and it is not liberated with quelant treatment. Neurological manifestations are tremor, disartria, extrapiramidal manifestations or distonia. Ophthalmic exploration shows corneal limb with sign of Kayser-Fleischer. CLINICAL CASE: a 15-year-old masculine patient with previous hepatitis outbreak in two times...
May 2011: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
O Abbo, F Breibach, F Vaysse, S Kessler, J Guitard, P Galinier
INTRODUCTION: Neuman's tumors also called congenital epulis or congenital gingival granulomatous tumors are rare and benign oral cavity tumors. They are usually discovered at birth. CASE REPORT: A 32 year-old pregnant female patient was followed for gravid diabetes well controlled. A maxillary tumor in the fetus was revealed by the third trimester US. A fetal MRI was prescribed, after discussion with the antenatal diagnostic center, to determine the localization, size, and nature of the tumor...
April 2010: Revue de Stomatologie et de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale
Jing He, Shu-Ping Cai, Hong Lu
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the clinical significance of fetal encephalic accumulated fluid revealed by prenatal ultrasonography. METHODS: Prenatal ultrasonography was performed on 8426 women at more than 20 weeks' gestation. Totally 150 women with fetal encephalic accumulated fluid more than 5 mm were included in this study. The changes of fetal encephalic accumulated fluid and the associated anomalies were observed regularly every 2 weeks until delivery. The live infants were followed up regularly...
February 2007: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
César G Fontecha, Jose L Peiró, Marius Aguirre, Francesc Soldado, Patricia Paz, Marc Oria, Núria Torán, Vicenç Martinez-Ibáñez
Damage of neural elements (spinal cord and encephalus) in myelomeningocele (MMC) seems to be progressive during gestation because of amniotic fluid chemical contact and continuous leakage of CSF. We studied the effect of preterm delivery and steroid treatment in a model of MMC in the rabbit foetus. Twelve New Zealand White rabbits underwent laparotomy and hysterotomy at 23 days of gestation. Fifty-nine out of 107 foetuses underwent lumbar laminectomy (three to four levels). Dura was opened to expose the neural elements to the amniotic fluid...
May 2007: Pediatric Surgery International
Ariane Brand, Maria Cecilia Alves, Carla Saraiva, Pedro Loío, João Goulão, João Malta, J Martins Palminha, Mena Martins
Fetus-in-fetu (FIF) is a rare congenital condition in which a vertebrate fetus is incorporated within its twin. The authors report the case of a newborn boy with prenatal ultrasonographic diagnosis of intraabdominal mass, provoking compression of the left kidney. Plain abdominal radiography, ultrasonography, and computer tomography showed a cystic mass containing multiple calcifications. Pathologic examination showed an irregular fetiforme mass, weighing 8 g, attached to an amniotic sac by a rudimentary umbilical cord with 2 rudimentary limbs, vertebral bodies, encephalus, coroidal plexus, stomach, duodenum, bowel, adrenal glands, upper and lower respiratory tissue, spleen, lymphoid tissue, single cavity heart, and kidney...
April 2004: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1964: Rivista di Neurobiologia
J F Meder, F Brami-Zylberberg, C Oppenheim, E Méary, F Martinez-Lozano, D Delvat, D Frédy
THE TECHNIQUE: Today, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the exploration of choice for a number of central nervous system disorders. This technique, which does not use ionising rays, examines the encephalus in all its dimensions. Various sequences are used to study the cerebral parenchyma: specific sequences in T1, with or without injection of a contrast product, specific sequence in T2, and FLAIR sequence. THE RESULTS OBTAINED: The diffusion and perfusion imaging respectively reveal the movement of the water molecules and the cerebral microcirculation...
June 1, 2002: La Presse Médicale
Luciana M Silva, Carla Neves de Oliveira, Zilton A Andrade
Neuroschistosomiasis is rarely observed in human pathology, but it is of considerable importance. To investigate its pathogenesis, consequences and response to treatment, an experimental model would be desirable, but is not yet available, in spite of a few indications of a suitable mouse model in the literature. Severe, recent and late Schistosoma mansoni infections in outbred and inbred strains of mice revealed widespread distribution of parasite eggs in several organs, but only exceptionally did eggs reach the encephalus, thus revealing the inadequacy of the mouse as an experimental model for neuroschistosomiasis...
June 2002: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
P Capodaglio, M P Nigrelli, S Malaguti, M Panigazzi, A Pierobon
In this paper we describe a patient with mor-sensory loss in the right forearm and hand, which persisted more than 2 years after work-related crush trauma of the left hand. Radiographic and electromyographic investigations, somatosensory evoked potentials, CT scans of the encephalus as well as the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory and the Roarschach test have been performed. On the basis of these investigations, we think this represents a case of conversion disorder with somatic features. Included is a brief overview of other psychological illness with physical findings involving the upper limb...
January 1999: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
G De Toma, M Codacci-Pisanelli, V Nicolanti, M Plocco, S Caterino, C F Perno
A 41-year-old white homosexual man presented with epigastric pain and jaundice. Physical examination showed enlargement of bilateral axillar and left inguinal lymph node, while ERCP and a CT scan suggested interruption of bile flow in the intrapancreatic tract of the common bile duct. An endoprosthesis was positioned in the common bile duct during the ERCP. Blood tests (both ELISA and Western blot techniques) showed positivity for anti-HIV antibodies and a CD4 count of 780/mmc (normal: 900-1,200/mmc). A few days later, a dramatic increase of the size of a lymph node in this right axilla occurred, rapidly reaching 5 cm of diameter...
December 1999: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
L Duret, R Fenart, M Donazzan
Comparative phylogenic movements of skull points can be obtained using vestibular orientation and skulls from various mammals after reducing the bimediocondyle distance to approximately 100 mm (as in man). With this method, the condyle is seen to move backwardly and rise in a very thin bony area which will be covered by the increasing volume of the encephalus. A "mandibulocerebral" index of less than 100 is a criteria of humanoid species. A part posterior to the fixed zone in primate which will become the temporal condyl in man is eroded by the mandibular condyle...
November 1997: Revue de Stomatologie et de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale
J J Puizillout, A Sayadi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1967: Journal de Physiologie
Z Shapira, A Yussim, A Savir, S Frisher, Y Kaikov, R Zaizov, B Eisenstein, H Stark, C Servadio
A single an-encephalus neonate kidney graft was transplanted into the portal system of a 6-year-old recipient who had previously undergone removal of the right kidney and inferior vena cava because of Wilms tumor. The left kidney ceased to function shortly thereafter. The child was supported very poorly on hemodialysis, and showed repeated very high levels of cytotoxic antibodies in her serum. The first cross-negative kidney graft that was available harbored two main arteries and duplicate collecting system with two very thin ureters...
October 1985: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
G Schlager
Abnormalities of cranial size and configuration include macrocephaly, microcephaly and dysmorphic skull. Hydrocephalus, mega-encephalus, abnormal growth of skull bones and chronic subdural and epidural collections are among the most important causes of macrocephaly. Primary microcephaly may be due to deficient neuronal proliferation or abnormalities in neural tube segmentation or cellular migration. Secondary microcephaly may be caused by prenatal, perinatal or early postnatal insults like infections, drugs, radiation, hypoxia, among others...
May 1990: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
P Constant, J M Caillé, A Dop
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1976: Journal of Neuroradiology. Journal de Neuroradiologie
J M Ridet, R Bauchot, M Diagne
The brain of the Pond-loach (Misgurnus fossilis) is very closely related to that of Cyprinidae. In the Medulla oblongata, the facial lobe-in relation with the skin taste buds, especially on the barbels-is bigger than the vagal lobes-which are related with the mouth taste buds. The intraspecific relations between brainweight and bodyweight or various body lengths show a real sexual dimorphism (brain dimegaly). The interspecific brain-bodyweight relationship shows an allometric coefficient of 0.505 in males and 0...
1976: Acta Anatomica
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