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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154600/a-passionate-call-for-dispassionate-conclusion-comment-on-fossati-et-al-2016
#1
Joshua D Miller, Donald R Lynam
In a recent article published by Fossati and colleagues (2016a, 2016b), the authors compared the empirical profiles derived from correlating measures of narcissism and narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) with a measure of the 25 personality disorder traits included in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013) to an expert-rated profile of NPD. The initial data, which included some mistakes, were interpreted as indicating comparable performance across all three self-report measures of narcissism and NPD, including two hotly debated measures, the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI) and the Pathological Narcissism Inventory (PNI)...
November 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112024/evaluation-of-patient-safety-culture-in-community-pharmacies
#2
Ephrem A Aboneh, Jamie A Stone, Corey A Lester, Michelle A Chui
OBJECTIVE: Medication errors are common in community pharmacies. Safety culture is considered a factor for medication safety but has not been measured in this setting. The objectives of this study were to describe safety culture measured using the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Community Pharmacy Survey on Patient Safety Culture and to assess predictors of overall patient safety. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional survey of community pharmacists practicing in Wisconsin measuring safety culture...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089874/mistakes-too-few-to-mention-impaired-self-conscious-emotional-processing-of-errors-in-the-behavioral-variant-of-frontotemporal-dementia
#3
Carole S Scherling, Jessica Zakrzewski, Samir Datta, Robert W Levenson, Arthur P Shimamura, Virginia E Sturm, Bruce L Miller, Howard J Rosen
Anosognosia, or lack of awareness of one's deficits, is a core feature of the behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD). We hypothesized that this deficit has its origins in failed emotional processing of errors. We studied autonomic and facial emotional reactivity to errors in patients with bvFTD (n = 17), Alzheimer's disease (AD, n = 20), and healthy controls (HC, n = 35) during performance of a timed two-alternative-choice button press task. Performance-related behavioral responses to errors were quantified using rates of error correction and post-error slowing of reaction times...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077563/physical-activity-bmi-and-body-weight-perception-among-15-year-old-boys-and-girls-in-poland-in-the-light-of-international-comparisons
#4
Dorota Kleszczewska, Anna Dzielska, Hanna Nałęcz, Joanna Mazur
BACKGROUND: The wrong subjective assessment of body mass may have consequences for the health, quality of life and proper functioning of adolescents in society. AIM: The purpose of the study is to provide a detailed analysis of the discrepancies between the objective and subjective assessment of body mass by 15-year-old boys and girls in Poland against the background of international statistics and to assess the effect of physical activity on the level and directions of these discrepancies...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049121/opioids-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-pain-mistakes-made-lessons-learned-and-future-directions
#5
REVIEW
Jane C Ballantyne
An overreliance on opioids has impacted all types of pain management, making it undoubtedly a root cause of the "epidemic" of prescription opioid abuse in the United States. Yet, an examination of the statistics that led the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to declare that prescription opioid abuse had reached epidemic levels shows that the abuse occurrences and deaths are arising outside the hospital or hospice setting, which strongly implicates the outpatient use of opioids to treat chronic pain...
November 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047071/category-effects-on-stimulus-estimation-shifting-and-skewed-frequency-distributions-a-reexamination
#6
Sean Duffy, John Smith
Duffy, Huttenlocher, Hedges, and Crawford (Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 17(2), 224-230, 2010) report on experiments where participants estimate the lengths of lines. These studies were designed to test the category adjustment model (CAM), a Bayesian model of judgments. The authors report that their analysis provides evidence consistent with CAM: that there is a bias toward the running mean and not recent stimuli. We reexamine their data. First, we attempt to replicate their analysis, and we obtain different results...
October 18, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043686/-lies-damn-lies-and-statistics
#7
I Tuduri Limousin
With this article, we want to emphasize the limits of statistics with little samples, a condition very common in our speciality, focusing in the most usual mistakes in the interpretation of the p-value. Finally, as conclusion, we simulate a clinical study to look what may be a more apropiate boarding.
July 20, 2017: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977058/time-compressed-speech-test-in-the-elderly
#8
Rayana Silva Arceno, Renata Coelho Scharlach
PURPOSE: The present study aimed to evaluate the performance of elderly people in the time-compressed speech test according to the variables ears and order of display, and analyze the types of errors presented by the volunteers. METHODS: This is an observational, descriptive, quantitative, analytical and primary cross-sectional study involving 22 elderly with normal hearing or mild sensorineural hearing loss between the ages of 60 and 80. The elderly were submitted to the time-compressed speech test with compression ratio of 60%, through the electromechanical time compression method...
September 28, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958116/-conciliatory-proceedings-of-a-german-mediation-center-after-breast-augmentations
#9
Sixtus Allert, Celeste Flechtner, Peter M Vogt, Christian Herold
Introduction The requested by the "Norddeutsche Schlichtungsstelle ["North German Mediation Centre"] reveal the complications and problems of breast augmentation. The North German Mediation Centre is responsible for ten federal states in Germany (Berlin, Brandenburg, Bremen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Lower Saxony, Saarland, Saxony-Anhalt, Schleswig-Holstein and Thuringia) and is thus the largest mediation centre in Germany Material and Methods We analysed requests from patients, expert reports ordered by the North German Mediation Centre and the final verdicts of mediations after breast augmentations between 2000 and 2007...
September 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878928/evaluation-of-a-guided-continuous-quality-improvement-program-in-community-pharmacies
#10
Chanadda Chinthammit, Michael T Rupp, Edward P Armstrong, Tara Modisett, Rebecca P Snead, Terri L Warholak
BACKGROUND: The importance of creating and sustaining a strong culture of patient safety has been recognized as a critical component of safe medication use. This study aims to assess changes in attitudes toward patient safety culture and frequency of quality-related event (QRE) reporting after guided implementation of a continuous quality improvement (CQI) program in a panel of community pharmacies in the United States (U.S.). METHODS: Twenty-one community pharmacies volunteered to participate in the project and were randomly assigned to intervention or control groups...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795172/change-point-detection-method-for-clinical-decision-support-system-rule-monitoring
#11
Siqi Liu, Adam Wright, Milos Hauskrecht
A clinical decision support system (CDSS) and its components can malfunction due to various reasons. Monitoring the system and detecting its malfunctions can help one to avoid any potential mistakes and associated costs. In this paper, we investigate the problem of detecting changes in the CDSS operation, in particular its monitoring and alerting subsystem, by monitoring its rule firing counts. The detection should be performed online, that is whenever a new datum arrives, we want to have a score indicating how likely there is a change in the system...
June 2017: Artif Intell Med (2017)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777019/multiple-versus-single-set-validation-of-multivariate-models-to-avoid-mistakes
#12
Peter de Boves Harrington
Validation of multivariate models is of current importance for a wide range of chemical applications. Although important, it is neglected. The common practice is to use a single external validation set for evaluation. This approach is deficient and may mislead investigators with results that are specific to the single validation set of data. In addition, no statistics are available regarding the precision of a derived figure of merit (FOM). A statistical approach using bootstrapped Latin partitions is advocated...
August 4, 2017: Critical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768407/the-big-vitamin-d-mistake
#13
Dimitrios T Papadimitriou
Since 2006, type 1 diabetes in Finland has plateaued and then decreased after the authorities' decision to fortify dietary milk products with cholecalciferol. The role of vitamin D in innate and adaptive immunity is critical. A statistical error in the estimation of the recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for vitamin D was recently discovered; in a correct analysis of the data used by the Institute of Medicine, it was found that 8895 IU/d was needed for 97.5% of individuals to achieve values ≥50 nmol/L. Another study confirmed that 6201 IU/d was needed to achieve 75 nmol/L and 9122 IU/d was needed to reach 100 nmol/L...
July 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739577/common-pitfalls-and-mistakes-in-the-set-up-analysis-and-interpretation-of-results-in-network-meta-analysis-what-clinicians-should-look-for-in-a-published-article
#14
Anna Chaimani, Georgia Salanti, Stefan Leucht, John R Geddes, Andrea Cipriani
OBJECTIVE: Several tools have been developed to evaluate the extent to which the findings from a network meta-analysis would be valid; however, applying these tools is a time-consuming task and often requires specific expertise. Clinicians have little time for critical appraisal, and they need to understand the key elements that help them select network meta-analyses that deserve further attention, optimising time and resources. This paper is aimed at providing a practical framework to assess the methodological robustness and reliability of results from network meta-analysis...
July 24, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716046/blood-volume-monitored-regulation-of-ultrafiltration-to-decrease-the-dry-weight-in-fluid-overloaded-hemodialysis-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Marlies Antlanger, Peter Josten, Michael Kammer, Isabella Exner, Katharina Lorenz-Turnheim, Manfred Eigner, Gernot Paul, Renate Klauser-Braun, Gere Sunder-Plassmann, Marcus D Säemann, Manfred Hecking
BACKGROUND: Because chronic fluid volume overload is associated with higher mortality, we tested whether blood-volume monitored regulation of ultrafiltration and dialysate conductivity (UCR) and/or regulation of ultrafiltration and temperature (UTR) would facilitate dry weight reduction, in comparison to conventional dialysis (CONV). METHODS: We carried out a multicenter, 4-week, randomized controlled trial in hemodialysis patients ≥15% above normal extracellular fluid volume (ECV), per bioimpedance spectroscopy, who were randomized 1:1:1...
July 17, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692703/physical-examination-skills-training-faculty-staff-vs-patient-instructor-feedback-a-controlled-trial
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Markus Krautter, Katja Diefenbacher, Jobst-Hendrik Schultz, Imad Maatouk, Anne Herrmann-Werner, Nadja Koehl-Hackert, Wolfgang Herzog, Christoph Nikendei
BACKGROUND: Standardized patients are widely used in training of medical students, both in teaching and assessment. They also frequently lead complete training sessions delivering physical examination skills without the aid of faculty teaching staff-acting as "patient instructors" (PIs). An important part of this training is their ability to provide detailed structured feedback to students which has a strong impact on their learning success. Yet, to date no study has assessed the quality of physical examination related feedback by PIs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586713/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-internet-based-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-perfectionism-including-an-investigation-of-outcome-predictors
#17
Alexander Rozental, Roz Shafran, Tracey Wade, Sarah Egan, Lise Bergman Nordgren, Per Carlbring, Andreas Landström, Stina Roos, Malin Skoglund, Elisabet Thelander, Linnéa Trosell, Alexander Örtenholm, Gerhard Andersson
Being highly attentive to details can be a positive feature. However, for some individuals, perfectionism can lead to distress and is associated with many psychiatric disorders. Cognitive behavior therapy has been shown to yield many benefits for those experiencing problems with perfectionism, but the access to evidence-based care is limited. The current study investigated the efficacy of guided Internet-based Cognitive Behavior Therapy (ICBT) and predictors of treatment outcome. In total, 156 individuals were included and randomized to an eight-week treatment or wait-list control...
August 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521249/using-a-videogame-to-facilitate-nursing-and-medical-students-first-visit-to-the-operating-theatre-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ángel Del Blanco, Javier Torrente, Baltasar Fernández-Manjón, Pedro Ruiz, Manuel Giner
BACKGROUND: First experiences in the operating theatre with real patients are always stressful and intimidating for students. We hypothesized that a game-like simulation could improve perceptions and performance of novices. METHODS: A videogame was developed, combining pictures and short videos, by which students are interactively instructed on acting at the surgical block. Moreover, the game includes detailed descriptive information. After playing, students are given feedback on their performance...
August 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506863/the-null-test-for-peptide-identification-algorithm-in-shotgun-proteomics
#19
Shu-Rong Zhang, Yi-Chu Shan, Hao Jiang, Jian-Hui Liu, Yuan Zhou, Li-Hua Zhang, Yu-Kui Zhang
The present research proposed general evaluation strategy named Null-Test for peptide identification algorithm in Shotgun proteomics. The Null-Test method based on random matching can be utilized to check whether the algorithm has a tendency to make a mistake or has potential bugs, faultiness, errors etc., and to validate the reliability of the identification algorithm. Unfortunately, none of the five famous identification software could pass the most stringent Null-Test. PatternLab had good performance in both Null-Test and routine search by making a good control on the overfitting with sound design...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484867/regional-brain-volume-reduction-and-cognitive-outcomes-in-preterm-children-at-low-risk-at-9%C3%A2-years-of-age
#20
Ebru Arhan, Kıvılcım Gücüyener, Şebnem Soysal, Şafak Şalvarlı, M Ali Gürses, Ayşe Serdaroğlu, Ercan Demir, Ebru Ergenekon, Canan Türkyılmaz, Esra Önal, Esin Koç, Yıldız Atalay
OBJECTIVE: More information is needed on "low-risk" preterm infants' neurological outcome so that they can be included in follow-up programs. A prospective study was performed to examine the regional brain volume changes compared to term children and to assess the relationship between the regional brain volumes to cognitive outcome of the low-risk preterm children at 9 years of age. PATIENTS: Subjects comprised 22 preterm children who were determined to be at low risk for neurodevelopmental deficits with a gestational age between 28 and 33 weeks without a major neonatal morbidity in the neonatal period and 24 age-matched term control children term and matched for age, sex, and parental educational and occupational status...
August 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
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