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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140747/the-association-of-social-service-spending-environmental-quality-and-health-behaviors-on-health-outcomes
#1
Kenneth E Thorpe, Peter Joski
Recent studies on state-level spending on social services have shown that states with higher ratios of social to health care spending were associated with better health outcomes. This study extends this work by examining the association of specific elements of social service spending and other determinants of health, such as health behaviors, education, and environmental factors at the metropolitan/city level, on several measures of health outcomes between 2005 and 2014. This study found that several potential determinants of health including exercise, air pollution, smoking, per pupil educational spending, and several types of social service spending were associated with improvements in health outcomes...
November 15, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136490/adopting-state-level-policy-to-support-physical-activity-among-school-aged-children-and-adolescents-georgia-s-shape-act
#2
Rodney S Lyn, Erica R Sheldon, Michael P Eriksen
Physical inactivity among children is a public health problem associated with low levels of fitness, obesity, and increased risk of chronic diseases. Public health experts have identified policies targeting physical activity as a promising strategy to address this challenge. Understanding the process by which such policies are adopted may help to facilitate progress nationally. To examine lessons learned from the passage of the Student Health and Physical Education Act in Georgia, we conducted 15 interviews with people engaged in the adoption of the act...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134507/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-orthorexia-nervosa-in-a-sample-of-university-students-in-italy
#3
L Dell'Osso, Barbara Carpita, D Muti, I M Cremone, G Massimetti, E Diadema, C Gesi, C Carmassi
AIMS: Orthorexia nervosa (ON) has been recently defined as a pathological approach to feeding related to healthiness concerns and purity of food and/or feeding habits. This condition recently showed an increasing prevalence particularly among young adults. In order to investigate the prevalence of ON and its relationship with gender and nutritional style among young adults, we explored a sample of students from the University of Pisa, Italy. METHODS: Assessments included the ORTO-15 questionnaire and a socio-demographic and eating habits form...
November 13, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133231/distinct-inflammatory-response-patterns-are-evident-among-men-and-women-with-higher-depressive-symptoms
#4
Marzieh Majd, Jennifer E Graham-Engeland, Joshua M Smyth, Martin J Sliwinski, Richard B Lipton, Mindy J Katz, Christopher G Engeland
Extensive research links depression and inflammation, with emerging evidence suggesting some differences between males and females in these associations. However, relatively few studies have examined stimulated inflammatory responses (ex vivo) in depression. The present research investigated the associations between depressive symptoms, basal inflammation, and LPS-stimulated production of pro- (IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α) and an anti-inflammatory cytokine (IL-10), with a focus on the extent to which gender moderates these relationships...
November 10, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132553/dysregulation-of-glucose-metabolism-since-young-adulthood-increases-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-diseases-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#5
Pao-Huan Chen, Yen-Kuang Lin, Chi-Kang Chang, Shuo-Ju Chiang, Shang-Ying Tsai
Aging patients with bipolar disorder (BD) are at a high risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). However, few studies have directly examined the association between metabolic risks and CVDs in patients with BD across the lifespan. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine lifetime metabolic risk factors for CVDs in patients with BD. We recruited BD-I patients who were more than 50 years old and had had at least one psychiatric hospitalization. Patients who had a cardiologist-confirmed CVD diagnosis (ICD-9 code 401-414) were assigned to the case group...
December 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131386/education-school-type-and-screen-time-were-associated-with-overweight-and-obesity-in-2-930-adolescents
#6
Dieter Furthner, Margit Ehrenmueller, Roland Lanzersdorfer, Gerhard Halmerbauer, Klaus Schmitt, Ariane Biebl
AIM: This cross-sectional study analysed the influence of socioeconomic factors on screen time, overweight and obesity. METHODS: We asked adolescents aged 10, 14 and 17 from 10 school types in urban and rural regions in Upper Austria to complete questionnaires from December 2012 to February 2013. Their parents were also asked to complete questionnaires. RESULTS: The questionnaires were completed by 2,930 adolescents and 2,209 parents. Total weekend screen time was significantly associated with a higher body mass index (BMI) in 10-year-old boys (p<0...
November 13, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130114/workplace-bullying-and-violence-as-risk-factors-for-type-2-diabetes-a-multicohort-study-and-meta-analysis
#7
Tianwei Xu, Linda L Magnusson Hanson, Theis Lange, Liis Starkopf, Hugo Westerlund, Ida E H Madsen, Reiner Rugulies, Jaana Pentti, Sari Stenholm, Jussi Vahtera, Åse M Hansen, Mika Kivimäki, Naja H Rod
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this multicohort study was to examine whether employees exposed to social stressors at work, such as workplace bullying and violence, have an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. METHODS: The study included 45,905 men and women (40-65 years of age and free of diabetes at baseline) from four studies in Sweden, Denmark and Finland. Workplace bullying and violence were self-reported at baseline. Incident diabetes was ascertained through national health and medication records and death registers...
November 13, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127475/associations-between-the-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-with-total-and-central-obesity-in-preschool-children-the-prefit-project
#8
Idoia Labayen Goñi, Lide Arenaza, María Medrano, Natalia García, Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Francisco B Ortega
PURPOSE: Early recognition of risk factors associated with overweight/obesity is an important step towards preventing long-term health consequences. The aim of the current study was to examine the associations of the adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern (MDP) and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) with adiposity in preschool children from the north of Spain. METHODS: The adherence to the MDP (KIDMED), CRF (20-m shuttle run test), total (BMI) and central (waist circumference) adiposity and socio-demographic factors were assessed in 619 children (48...
November 10, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126396/feasibility-of-structured-endurance-training-and-mediterranean-diet-in-brca1-and-brca2-mutation-carriers-an-interventional-randomized-controlled-multicenter-trial-libre-1
#9
Marion Kiechle, Ricarda Dukatz, Maryam Yahiaoui-Doktor, Anika Berling, Maryam Basrai, Vera Staiger, Uwe Niederberger, Nicole Marter, Jacqueline Lammert, Sabine Grill, Katharina Pfeifer, Kerstin Rhiem, Rita K Schmutzler, Matthias Laudes, Michael Siniatchkin, Martin Halle, Stephan C Bischoff, Christoph Engel
BACKGROUND: Women with pathogenic BRCA germline mutations have an increased risk for breast and ovarian cancer that seems to be modified by life-style factors. Though, randomized trials investigating the impact of lifestyle interventions on cancer prevention and prognosis in BRCA carriers are still missing. METHODS: We implemented a multicenter, prospective randomized controlled trial in BRCA1/2 patients, comparing a lifestyle intervention group (IG) with a control group (CG) with the primary aim to prove feasibility...
November 10, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125668/distribution-and-related-factors-of-cardiometabolic-disease-stage-based-on-body-mass-index-level-in-chinese-adults-the-national-diabetes-and-metabolic-disorders-survey
#10
Xuhong Hou, Peizhu Chen, Gang Hu, Yue Chen, Siyu Chen, Jingzhu Wu, Xiaojing Ma, Lei Chen, Zhaojun Yang, Wenying Yang, Weiping Jia
BACKGROUND: It is important to characterize distribution of cardiometabolic disease (CMD) based on different BMI levels in a population. This information remains scarce in China, so we investigated the proportions and related factors of CMD stages based on different BMI levels in Chinese adults. METHODS: We included 45,093 participants aged ≥20 years from the National Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders Survey. CMD (central obesity, elevated triglycerides, elevated blood pressure, elevated plasma glucose, reduced high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and cardiovascular disease [CVD]) was classified as Stage 0 (no CMD), Stage 1 (mild-to-moderate CMD), or Stage 2 (severe CMD)...
November 10, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117472/text-messaging-approach-improves-weight-loss-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-randomized-study
#11
Page Axley, Sudha Kodali, Yong-Fang Kuo, Sujan Ravi, Toni Seay, Nina M Parikh, Ashwani K Singal
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is emerging as the most common liver disease. The only effective treatment is 7-10% weight loss. Mobile technology is increasingly used in weight management. This study was performed to evaluate the effects of text messaging intervention on weight loss in patients with NAFLD. METHODS: 30 well-defined NAFLD patients (mean age 52 yrs., 67% females, mean BMI 38) were randomized 1:1 to control group: counseling on healthy diet and exercise, or intervention group: text messages in addition to healthy life style counseling...
November 8, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116535/prevalence-of-asthma-and-associated-factors-among-male-late-adolescents-in-tabriz-iran
#12
Mohammad Ghanbari Ghozikali, Khalil Ansarin, Kazem Naddafi, Ramin Nabizadeh Nodehi, Kamyar Yaghmaeian, Mohammad Sadegh Hassanvand, Masud Yunesian
Asthma is an important chronic disease all over the world. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of asthma in a population of male late adolescents and its association with some contributing risk factors in northwest of Iran. This cross-sectional study was carried out in selected high schools of Tabriz, Iran, in 2016. The asthma prevalence and patient background information were examined using a questionnaire that prepared by the ISAAC. One hundred forty-two out of 1134 subjects (12.4%) identified to have asthma, 23...
November 8, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112877/weakness-the-most-frequent-criterion-among-pre-frail-and-frail-older-portuguese
#13
A R Sousa-Santos, C Afonso, P Moreira, P Padrão, A Santos, N Borges, T F Amaral
AIM: In Portugal, the burden of pre-frailty and frailty in community-dwelling older adults is still unknown. The purpose of this study is to estimate the frequency of frailty in a Portuguese sample with ≥ 65years and to evaluate its associated factors. We also intend to identify which criterion has more impact on the diagnosis of frailty. METHODS: 1457 older adults with ≥ 65years from the Nutrition UP 65 study were evaluated in a cross-sectional analysis...
October 28, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112598/age-at-natural-menopause-in-koreans-secular-trends-and-influences-thereon
#14
Chan Young Park, Joong-Yeon Lim, Hyun-Young Park
OBJECTIVES: Age at natural menopause (ANM) has become an important health issue in older women. We explored secular trends in ANM in Korea during the past decade, and defined factors predicting ANM. METHODS: A total of 12,761 naturally menopausal women were selected from the 2001 to 2014 data of the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, stages II to VI. The participants were divided into four groups based on 5-year ANM categories: <45, 45 to 49, 50 to 54, and ≥55 years...
November 6, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111835/improving-outcomes-in-adults-with-diabetes-through-an-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-program
#15
Jean Nagelkerk, Margaret E Thompson, Michael Bouthillier, Amy Tompkins, Lawrence J Baer, Jeff Trytko, Andrew Booth, Adam Stevens, Kayleah Groeneveld
In 2014, the Midwest Interprofessional Practice, Education and Research Center partnered with a Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) to implement an interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) education program to improve the health of adult patients with diabetes and to improve practice efficiency. This partnership included integrating an interprofessional team of students with the practice team. Twenty-five students and 20 staff engaged in the IPCP program, which included completion of educational modules on IPCP and implementation of daily huddles, focus patient visits, phone calls, team-based case presentations, medication reconciliation, and student-led group diabetes education classes...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108814/waist-to-height-ratio-and-sedentary-lifestyle-as-predictors-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-children-in-ecuador
#16
F Aguirre P, A Coca, M F Aguirre, G Celis
OBJECTIVE: To determine the predictors and prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) and the presence of vascular inflammation in apparently-normal children (10-15 years) of both sexes in Guayaquil, Ecuador. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We included 395 apparently-healthy students from a middle-income school in a cross-sectional survey. Informed consent was obtained from students and parents. Anthropometric measurements including blood pressure (BP), body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), and blood tests were recorded...
November 3, 2017: Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103861/public-and-private-hospital-care-disparities-of-ischemic-stroke-in-mexico-results-from-the-primer-registro-mexicano-de-isquemia-cerebral-premier-study
#17
José Luis Ruiz-Sandoval, María Eugenia Briseño-Godínez, Erwin Chiquete-Anaya, Antonio Arauz-Góngora, Rogelio Troyo-Sanromán, Juan Didier Parada-Garza, Alma Ramos-Moreno, Fernando Barinagarrementería, Luis Manuel Murillo-Bonilla, Carlos Cantú-Brito
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Mortality and bad outcome by stroke are higher in developing countries than in industrialized countries. Health-care system efficiency could explain these disparities. Our objective was to identify the impact on short- and middle-term outcomes of patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) among public and private Mexican medical care. METHODS: We analyzed data from patients with AIS included in the Primer Registro Mexicano de Isquemia Cerebral (PREMIER) study...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103043/examining-the-relationship-between-trace-lithium-in-drinking-water-and-the-rising-rates-of-age-adjusted-alzheimer-s-disease-mortality-in-texas
#18
Val Andrew Fajardo, Val Andrei Fajardo, Paul J LeBlanc, Rebecca E K MacPherson
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) mortality rates have steadily increased over time. Lithium, the current gold standard treatment for bipolar disorder, can exert neuroprotective effects against AD. OBJECTIVE: We examined the relationship between trace levels of lithium in drinking water and changes in AD mortality across several Texas counties. METHODS: 6,180 water samples from public wells since 2007 were obtained and averaged for 234 of 254 Texas counties...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096651/obstacles-to-preventing-obesity-in-children-aged-2-to-5%C3%A2-years-latino-mothers-and-fathers-experiences-and-perceptions-of-their-urban-environments
#19
Carlos Penilla, Jeanne M Tschann, Emma V Sanchez-Vaznaugh, Elena Flores, Emily J Ozer
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity among Latino children is alarmingly high, when compared to non-Latino White children. Low-income Latino parents living in urban areas, even if they are well-educated, face obstacles that shape familial health behaviors. This study used qualitative methods to explore parents' experiences in providing meals and opportunities to play to their children aged 2 to 5 years. In contrast to most prior studies, this study examined perceptions of familial behaviors among both mothers and fathers...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095936/predictors-of-first-line-antiretroviral-therapy-failure-amongst-hiv-infected-adult-clients-at-woldia-hospital-northeast-ethiopia
#20
Yohannes Demissie Babo, Getahun Asres Alemie, Fasil Walelign Fentaye
BACKGROUND: Due to the limited availability of viral load testing for treatment outcome monitoring in resource limited settings, identifying predictive factors of antiretroviral treatment failure will help in selecting clients who will benefit most from the targeted use of viral load monitoring. Little is known about the predictors of treatment failure in the study area. This study was conducted to determine factors that predict first-line antiretroviral therapy failure among HIV-infected adult clients at Woldia Hospital, Northeast Ethiopia...
2017: PloS One
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