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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110282/socioeconomic-disparities-in-birth-weight-and-body-mass-index-during-infancy-through-age-7%C3%A2-years-a-study-within-the-danish-national-birth-cohort
#1
Camilla Schmidt Morgen, Per Kragh Andersen, Laust Hvas Mortensen, Laura D Howe, Mette Rasmussen, Pernille Due, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic inequalities in birth weight and in body mass index (BMI) later in childhood are in opposite directions, which raises questions about when during childhood the change in direction happens. We examined how maternal and paternal education and household income were associated with birthweight z-scores and with BMI z-scores at age 5 and 12 months and 7 years, and we examined the socioeconomic differences in the tracking of these z-scores across infancy and childhood...
January 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107806/cognitive-function-and-insulin-resistance-in-elderly-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#2
Lina Ma, Yun Li
PURPOSE: To explore the relationship between cognitive impairment and insulin resistance (IR) in elderly patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred and twelve elderly patients with type-2 diabetes were enrolled in this study and assigned into either the cognitive impairment group (n = 100) or the normal cognitive group (n = 112). Gender, age, education, body mass index (BMI), total cholesterol, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, creatinine (Cr), fasting plasma glucose, fasting insulin (FINS) and homeostasis model of assessment for IR index (HOMA-IR) were compared between the two groups...
January 20, 2017: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106816/nutrient-patterns-associated-with-fasting-glucose-and-glycated-haemoglobin-levels-in-a-black-south-african-population
#3
Tinashe Chikowore, Pedro T Pisa, Tertia van Zyl, Edith J M Feskens, Edelweiss Wentzel-Viljoen, Karin R Conradie
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) burden is increasing globally. However, evidence regarding nutrient patterns associated with the biomarkers of T2D is limited. This study set out to determine the nutrient patterns associated with fasting glucose and glycated haemoglobin the biomarkers of T2D. Factor analysis was used to derive nutrient patterns of 2010 participants stratified by urban/rural status and gender. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was applied to 25 nutrients, computed from the quantified food frequency questionnaires (QFFQ)...
January 19, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106792/prevalence-and-correlates-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-chinese-children-the-china-health-and-nutrition-survey
#4
Peige Song, Jinyue Yu, Xinlei Chang, Manli Wang, Lin An
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is generally defined as a cluster of metabolically related cardiovascular risk factors which are often associated with the condition of insulin resistance, elevated blood pressure, and abdominal obesity. During the past decades, MetS has become a major public health issue worldwide in both adults and children. In this study, data from the China Health and Nutrition Surveys (CHNS) was used to assess the prevalence of MetS based on both the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATPIII) guidelines and the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria, and to evaluate its possible correlates...
January 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102505/maternal-characteristics-and-incidence-of-overweight-obesity-in-children-a-13-year-follow-up-study-in-an-eastern-mediterranean-population
#5
Sara Jalali-Farahani, Parisa Amiri, Behnood Abbasi, Mehrdad Karimi, Leila Cheraghi, Maryam Sadat Daneshpour, Fereidoun Azizi
Objectives To investigate clustering of parental sociobehavioral factors and their relationship with the incidence of overweight and obesity in Iranian children. Methods Demographics, body weight, and certain medical characteristics of the parents of 2999 children were used to categorize parents by cluster; children's weights were assessed for each cluster. Specifically, survival analysis and Cox regression models were used to test the effect of parental clustering on the incidence of childhood overweight and obesity...
January 19, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102434/low-muscle-mass-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults-findings-from-the-koges
#6
Jang Won Son, Seong Su Lee, Sung Rae Kim, Soon Jib Yoo, Bong Yun Cha, Ho Young Son, Nam H Cho
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Asians have a propensity to develop type 2 diabetes with a lower BMI than Western populations. This discrepancy may be due to differences in body fat and muscle mass for a given BMI. However, unlike adiposity, it is unclear whether muscle mass affects the risk of type 2 diabetes in Asian populations. METHODS: We conducted a 2-yearly prospective assessment of 6895 participants who were free of diabetes at the baseline examination as part of the Korean Genome Epidemiology Study...
January 19, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099048/effects-of-enhancing-school-based-body-mass-index-screening-reports-with-parent-education-on-report-utility-and-parental-intent-to-modify-obesity-risk-factors
#7
Lisa Bailey-Davis, Karissa L Peyer, Yinan Fang, Jae-Kwang Kim, Greg J Welk
BACKGROUND: School-based body mass index screenings (SBMIS) have been controversial. We aimed to determine if parents would indicate improved utility with SBMIS when the report included parent education and whether parental intent to modify obesity risk factors would vary with report type or child weight. METHODS: A cluster-controlled trial was conducted with 31 elementary schools randomized to distribute a standard SBMIS report or the standard report plus education (SBMIS+)...
January 18, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098836/association-of-school-environment-and-after-school-physical-activity-with-health-related-physical-fitness-among-junior-high-school-students-in-taiwan
#8
Kai-Yang Lo, Min-Chen Wu, Shu-Chin Tung, City C Hsieh, Hsueh-Hua Yao, Chien-Chang Ho
The relationship between students' school environment and exercise habits is complex, and is affected by numerous factors. However, the few studies that have been conducted on this relationship have reported inconsistent results, especially regarding Taiwanese students. We conducted this cross-sectional study to investigate the association of school environment and after-school physical activity with health-related physical fitness in Taiwanese adolescents. Data were drawn from a national survey conducted by the Ministry of Education in Taiwan in 2008 of health-related physical fitness measurements among junior high school students (649,442 total) in grades seven to nine...
January 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098052/effect-of-maternal-dietary-counselling-during-the-1st-year-of-life-on-glucose-profile-and-insulin-resistance-at-the-age-of-8-years-a-randomised-field-trial
#9
Cintia S Costa, Paula D B Campagnolo, L H Lumey, Marcia R Vitolo
Education interventions that stimulate complementary feeding practices can improve the nutritional status of children and may protect against future chronic diseases. We assessed the long-term effectiveness of dietary intervention during the 1st year of life on insulin resistance levels, and investigated the relationship between insulin resistance and weight changes over time. A randomised field trial was conducted among 500 mothers who gave birth to full-term infants between October 2001 and June 2002 in a low-income area in São Leopoldo, Brazil...
January 18, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096640/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-pre-and-post-menopausal-women-a-prospective-study-from-apex-institute-of-north-india
#10
Sandeep Sharma, Neelam Aggarwal, Bharti Joshi, Vanita Suri, Sanjay Badada
BACKGROUND: The metabolic syndrome (MS) (syndrome X, insulin resistance syndrome) is a constellation of metabolic abnormalities and a complex predisease state that predicts future development of type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. Menopausal transition and postmenopausal state are considered as a vulnerable period for developing MS, and this increased risk has been attributed to decreasing estrogen levels with an increasing risk of insulin resistance following menopause...
October 2016: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094882/association-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-adiposity-with-inflammatory-biomarkers-in-young-adults
#11
Eunduck Park, Janet C Meininger, Duck-Hee Kang, Kelley Pettee Gabriel, Nikhil S Padhye
OBJECTIVES: Cardiorespiratory fitness (fitness) has been inversely associated with inflammation, but whether the association is attributed to fitness itself or lower levels of adiposity remains uncertain in young adults. The purpose of this study was to determine the association of fitness and adiposity with inflammation in young adults. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 88 participants aged 20-34 years. Fitness was assessed by a submaximal treadmill walking test...
January 17, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092931/the-criteria-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-national-health-checkup-and-education-system-in-japan
#12
Kazumasa Yamagishi, Hiroyasu Iso
Two major definitions of metabolic syndrome have been proposed. One focuses on accumulation of risk factors such as the American Heart Association (AHA) and National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) criteria; and the other focuses on abdominal obesity such as the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and Japanese criteria. The latter consider waist circumference as an obligatory component, whereas the former does not. In 2009, the IDF, NHLBI, AHA and the other organizations attempted to unify these criteria, and waist circumference is no longer an obligatory component...
January 6, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090345/electronically-captured-patient-reported-physical-function-an-important-vital-sign-in-obesity-medicine
#13
J Fleming, G C Wood, C Seiler, A Cook, M R Lent, C D Still, P N Benotti, B A Irving
OBJECTIVES: Impaired physical function (i.e., inability to walk 200 feet, climb a flight of stairs or perform activities of daily living) predicts poor clinical outcomes and adversely impacts medical and surgical weight management. However, routine assessment physical function is seldom performed clinically. The PROMIS Physical Function Short Form 20a (SF-20a) is a validated questionnaire for assessing patient reported physical function, which includes published T-score percentiles adjusted for gender, age and education...
December 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089396/comparison-between-measured-and-perceived-weight-status-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-australian-adults
#14
Jessica Herbert, Karen Louise Peterson, Laura Alston, Steven Allender, Melanie Nichols
BACKGROUND: Many individuals may not accurately perceive whether their weight status poses a health risk. This paper aimed to determine how accurately Australians perceived their weight status compared to objective measurements, and to determine what factors were associated with underestimating weight status. METHODS: Participants were 7947 non-pregnant adults from the 2011 to 2012 Australian National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, with complete data for self-reported and measured weight status...
January 11, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086850/the-prevalence-trend-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-and-risk-factors-in-korean-adults-results-from-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2013
#15
Binh Thang Tran, Bo Yoon Jeong, Jin-Kyoung Oh
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities in the clinical markers of metabolic syndrome (MS) are associated with the development of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and some cancers. MS prevalence in Korea increased between the mid-1990s and mid-2000s; however, no data on the recent trends of MS prevalence are available. Thus, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of MS, the five components of MS, and the related risk factors in Korean adults by using recent data. METHODS: Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted between 2008 and 2013 were used...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086842/socioeconomic-inequality-of-overweight-and-obesity-of-the-elderly-in-iran-bushehr-elderly-health-beh-program
#16
Alireza Raeisi, Mohammadbagher Mehboudi, Hossein Darabi, Iraj Nabipour, Bagher Larijani, Neda Mehrdad, Ramin Heshmat, Gita Shafiee, Farshad Sharifi, Afshin Ostovar
BACKGROUND: The objective of this population-based, large sample size study was to investigate the socioeconomic inequality of overweight and obesity among the elderly in Iran. METHODS: Baseline data of 3000 persons aged ≥60 years who participated in the Bushehr Elderly Health (BEH) program was analyzed. Overweight and obesity were defined as a body mass index (BMI) equal to or higher than 25 and 30, respectively. Socioeconomic status (SES) was measured by an asset index, constructed using principal component analysis, income, education level, and employment status...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078091/body-mass-index-measured-adiposity-and-population-attributability-of-associated-factors-a-population-based-study-from-buea-cameroon
#17
Leopold Ndemnge Aminde, Jeannine A Atem, Andre Pascal Kengne, Anastase Dzudie, J Lennert Veerman
BACKGROUND: Obesity is currently a global health challenge driven by a mix of behavioural, environmental and genetic factors. Up to date population-based disease burden estimates are needed to guide successful prevention and control efforts in African countries. We investigated the prevalence and population attributable fractions of overweight and obesity in Buea, the Southwest region of Cameroon. METHODS: Data are from a community-based cross-sectional study involving randomly selected adults conducted in 2016...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077409/have-health-inequalities-changed-during-childhood-in-the-new-labour-generation-findings-from-the-uk-millennium-cohort-study
#18
Emeline Rougeaux, Steven Hope, Catherine Law, Anna Pearce
OBJECTIVES: To examine how population-level socioeconomic health inequalities developed during childhood, for children born at the turn of the 21st century and who grew up with major initiatives to tackle health inequalities (under the New Labour Government). SETTING: The UK. PARTICIPANTS: Singleton children in the Millennium Cohort Study at ages 3 (n=15 381), 5 (n=15 041), 7 (n=13 681) and 11 (n=13 112) years. PRIMARY OUTCOMES: Relative (prevalence ratios (PR)) and absolute health inequalities (prevalence differences (PD)) were estimated in longitudinal models by socioeconomic circumstances (SEC; using highest maternal academic attainment, ranging from 'no academic qualifications' to 'degree' (baseline))...
January 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077124/important-patient-characteristics-differ-prior-to-total-knee-arthroplasty-and-total-hip-arthroplasty-between-switzerland-and-the-united-states
#19
Patricia D Franklin, Hermes Miozzari, Panayiotis Christofilopoulos, Pierre Hoffmeyer, David C Ayers, Anne Lübbeke
BACKGROUND: Outcomes after total knee (TKA) and hip (THA) arthroplasty are often generalized internationally. Patient-dependent factors and preoperative symptom levels may differ across countries. We compared preoperative patient and clinical characteristics from two large cohorts, one in Switzerland, the other in the US. METHODS: Patient characteristics were collected prospectively on all elective primary TKAs and THAs performed at a large Swiss hospital and in a US national sample...
January 11, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076537/risk-factors-of-breast-cancer-and-knowledge-about-the-disease-an-integrative-revision-of-latin-american-studies
#20
Aline Ferreira de Araújo Jerônimo, Ângela Gabrielly Quirino Freitas, Mathias Weller
The aim of this integrative review was to compare Latin American literature about risk and knowledge on breast cancer. Of 47 studies selected, 20 were about knowledge or awareness and 27 about risk of breast cancer. English was the dominant language in studies about risk, whereas studies about knowledge were mainly written in Spanish or Portuguese. Studies about knowledge were all cross- sectional, whereas case- control studies dominated authors' interest about risk of breast cancer. Studies about knowledge were mainly focused on early detection of the disease and the most common study objective was breast self- examination (N = 14)...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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