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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651393/-a-cross-section-study-on-physical-endurance-level-in-primary-and-middle-school-students-in-china-2014
#1
R Tian, Z H Wang, Y H Dong, Z P Yang, J Ma
Objective: To understand the physical endurance level of primary and middle school students in China in 2014, and identify the factors influencing students'physical endurance. Methods: Data were collected from"National School Student Physical Fitness and Health Surveillance in 2014" , a total of 142 708 primary and middle school students with complete information were included in the analysis. The age, gender and area specific failure rates of endurance running of students were analyzed, the differences were analyzed with χ(2) test, and the factors influencing students' physical endurance were identified with log-binomial regression model...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650993/a-novel-potential-biomarker-for-metabolic-syndrome-in-chinese-adults-circulating-protein-disulfide-isomerase-family-a-member-4
#2
Chu-Yen Chien, Yi-Jen Hung, Yi-Shing Shieh, Chang-Hsun Hsieh, Chieh-Hua Lu, Fu-Huang Lin, Sheng-Chiang Su, Chien-Hsing Lee
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) family members are specific endoplasmic reticulum proteins that are involved in the pathogenesis of numerous diseases including neurodegenerative diseases, cancer and obesity. However, the metabolic effects of PDIA4 remain unclear in humans. The aims of this study were to investigate the associations of serum PDIA4 with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components in Chinese adults. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 669 adults (399 men and 270 women) were recruited...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647969/-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-to-chronic-diseases-and-associated-influencing-factors-in-uygur-population-in-kashgar-area-of-xinjiang-uygur-autonomous-region
#3
Z B Zhang, Z X Xue, M M Ma, Y H Li, D M Luo, X L Song, X F Chao, G Wang, Nurmamat Nazibam, Bawudun Ayxamgul, Mahat Sulayman, X J Wu, Z Y Zhou, B S Sun, Y Z Wang, M Wang
Objective: To investigate the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) to chronic diseases and associated influencing factors in Uygur adults in Kashgar of southern Xinjiang, and provide basic information for developing ethnic specific prevention and control strategies for chronic diseases. Methods: With stratified cluster random sampling, investigations, including questionnaire survey, physical examination and laboratory tests were performed among local residents who were aged ≥18 years and selected in Shufu county in southern Xinjiang...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647967/-prevalence-of-dyslipidemia-and-normal-blood-lipids-level-in-uygur-population-in-kashgar-area-of-xinjiang-uygur-autonomous-region
#4
Z B Zhang, Z X Xue, X J Wu, T M Wang, Y H Li, X L Song, X F Chao, G Wang, Nurmamat Nazibam, Bawudun Ayxamgul, Elyas Gulbahar, Z Y Zhou, B S Sun, Y Z Wang, M Wang
Objective: To understand the prevalence of dyslipidemia and normal blood lipids level in Uygur diabetes patients in Kashgar prefecture in southern area of Xinjiang. Methods: A total of 5 078 local residents aged ≥18 years (42.56% were men) selected through cluster random sampling in Kashgar were surveyed by means of questionnaire survey, physical examination and laboratory test, and 521 diabetes patients were screened. Results: The overall prevalence of dyslipidemia in diabetes patients was 59.50% (310/521) with adjusted rate as 49...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642645/parqve-project-arthritis-recovering-quality-of-life-through-education-two-year-results
#5
Márcia Uchoa DE Rezende, Renato Frucchi, Alexandre Felício Pailo, Gustavo Constantino DE Campos, Thiago Pasqualin, Marcelo Issao Hissadomi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a multi-professional educational program in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) . METHODS: Prospective randomized controlled trial with 195 KOA patients. One group was submitted to two-day lectures and received educational material about KOA (Class group), and the control group received the educational material only. Patients were evaluated at baseline, twelve and 24 months. At evaluation, patients answered pain and functional questionnaires (WOMAC, Lequesne, VAS and SF-36); reported the intensity of exercise per week; measured the body fat percentage, weight and height to estimate body mass index (BMI); and performed Timed Up & Go (TUG) and Five-Times-Sit-to-Stand (FTSST) tests ...
January 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637727/a-protocol-for-prospective-studies-of-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-leptin-and-body-mass-index-in-relation-to-cutaneous-melanoma-incidence-and-survival
#6
Jo Steinson Stenehjem, Tom K Grimsrud, Judith R Rees, Linda Vos, Ronnie Babigumira, Marit B Veierød, Trude Eid Robsahm
INTRODUCTION: The incidence and mortality rates of cutaneous melanoma (CM) are increasing among fair-skinned populations worldwide. Ultraviolet radiation (UVR) is the principal risk factor for CM, but is also the main source of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), which has been associated with reduced risk and better prognosis of some cancer types. However, both low and high 25(OH)D levels have been associated with increased risk of CM. Obesity as measured by body mass index (BMI) is associated with risk of several cancers and has also been suggested as a risk factor for CM, and may also be related to insufficient 25(OH)D and/or high leptin levels...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637722/cross-sectional-surveillance-study-to-phenotype-lorry-drivers-sedentary-behaviours-physical-activity-and-cardio-metabolic-health
#7
Veronica Varela-Mato, Orlagh O'Shea, James A King, Thomas Yates, David J Stensel, Stuart Jh Biddle, Myra A Nimmo, Stacy A Clemes
OBJECTIVES: Elevated risk factors for a number of chronic diseases have been identified in lorry drivers. Unhealthy lifestyle behaviours such as a lack of physical activity (PA) and high levels of sedentary behaviour (sitting) likely contribute to this elevated risk. This study behaviourally phenotyped UK lorry drivers' sedentary and non-sedentary behaviours during workdays and non-workdays and examined markers of drivers cardio-metabolic health. SETTING: A transport company from the East Midlands, UK...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637427/aging-and-obesity-are-associated-with-undiagnosed-hypertension-in-a-cohort-of-males-in-the-central-province-of-sri-lanka-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study
#8
N W I A Jayawardana, W A T A Jayalath, W M T Madhujith, U Ralapanawa, R S Jayasekera, S A S B Alagiyawanna, A M K R Bandara, N S Kalupahana
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle factors associated with hypertension (HT) in South Asian populations are relatively unknown. The objective of the current study was to investigate the prevalence rates of undiagnosed HT and factors associated with it in a cohort of males from the Central Province of Sri Lanka. METHODS: The study group consisted of 2462 males (mean age 31 years, range: 16-72 years) who underwent a routine medical examination at the National Transport Medical Institute, Kandy, Sri Lanka...
June 21, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636764/socio-economic-status-and-risk-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-among-chinese-women
#9
L Song, L Shen, H Li, B Liu, X Zheng, L Zhang, S Xu, Y Wang
AIMS: The relationship between socio-economic status and gestational diabetes mellitus has received little attention. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between socio-economic status and risk of gestational diabetes. METHODS: Data were obtained from the ongoing Healthy Baby Cohort study in Hubei Province, China, in 2012-2014. Information on educational level and household income was collected using standard questionnaires during face-to-face interviews...
June 21, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636576/vitamin-d-levels-and-vitamin-d-receptor-gene-polymorphism-in-major-depression
#10
Merve Şahin Can, Hayriye Baykan, Özgür Baykan, Nevin Erensoy, Tunay Karlıdere
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate vitamin D levels and rs2228570 (FokI) polymorphism of vitamin D in patients with established diagnosis of major depressive disorder in order to investigate the impact of vitamin D levels and genetic polymorphisms on etiology and/or severity of the disease. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study included 86 patients who were diagnosed with major depressive disorder in Hospital of Balıkesir University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, and 89 healthy volunteers with similar age, sex, education level and BMI...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634876/life-expectancy-gain-due-to-employment-status-depends-on-race-gender-education-and-their-intersections
#11
Shervin Assari
PURPOSE: Despite the well-established health effects of socioeconomic status (SES), SES resources such as employment may differently influence health outcomes across sub-populations. This study used a national sample of US adults to test if the effect of baseline employment (in 1986) on all-cause mortality over a 25-year period depends on race, gender, education level, and their intersections. METHODS: Data came from the Americans' Changing Lives (ACL) study, which followed 2025 Whites and 1156 Blacks for 25 years from 1986 to 2011...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633689/the-relationship-between-community-nutritionists-use-of-policy-systems-and-environmental-strategies-to-prevent-obesity-and-its-determinants-depends-on-networking
#12
Angela H Lu, Katherine L Dickin, Mark A Constas, Jamie S Dollahite
OBJECTIVE: To apply the Theory of Planned Behaviour to examine the relationship between the constructs of background factors and beliefs towards using policy, systems and environmental (PSE) strategies and reported use of PSE strategies to prevent obesity by a group of professional nutrition educators. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using self-reported survey. SETTING: Cooperative Extension in New York, USA. SUBJECTS: Nutrition educators (n 58); survey response rate 100 %...
June 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632873/screening-for-obesity-and-intervention-for-weight-management-in-children-and-adolescents-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#13
Elizabeth A O'Connor, Corinne V Evans, Brittany U Burda, Emily S Walsh, Michelle Eder, Paula Lozano
Importance: Obesity is common in children and adolescents in the United States, is associated with negative health effects, and increases the likelihood of obesity in adulthood. Objective: To systematically review the benefits and harms of screening and treatment for obesity and overweight in children and adolescents to inform the US Preventive Services Task Force. Data Sources: MEDLINE, PubMed, PsycINFO, Cochrane Collaboration Registry of Controlled Trials, and the Education Resources Information Center through January 22, 2016; references of relevant publications; government websites...
June 20, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632560/preoperative-depression-smoking-and-employment-status-are-significant-factors-in-patient-satisfaction-after-lumbar-spine-surgery
#14
Laura Chapin, Kelly Ward, Timothy Ryken
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether comorbidities and demographics, identified preoperatively, can impact patient outcomes and satisfaction after lumbar spine surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The surgical treatment of lower back pain does not always eliminate a patient's pain and symptoms. Revision surgeries are costly and expose the patient to additional risk. We aim to identify patient characteristics that may suggest a greater or lesser likelihood of postsurgical success by examining patient-reported measures and outcomes after surgery...
July 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632483/cardiovascular-disease-risk-profile-of-ncaa-division-iii-intercollegiate-football-athletes-a-pilot-study
#15
Cynthia J Wright, Elizabeth L Abbey, Barbara A Brandon, Edward J Reisman, Christina M Kirkpatrick
OBJECTIVES: Concerns about the long-term cardiovascular health implications of American football participation have been investigated at the professional and Division I levels, but limited research is available at the less resourced Division III level. Therefore, the objective was to assess the cardiovascular disease risk profile of NCAA Division III intercollegiate football athletes. METHODS: Eighty-nine varsity football athletes (age=19.6±1.7 years, height=1...
June 20, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631241/improving-self-management-of-type-2-diabetes-in-overweight-and-inactive-patients-through-an-educational-and-motivational-intervention-addressing-diet-and-physical-activity-a-prospective-study-in-naples-south-italy
#16
Francesca Gallé, Valeria Di Onofrio, Assunta Cirella, Mirella Di Dio, Alessandra Miele, Tiziana Spinosa, Giorgio Liguori
INTRODUCTION: Nutrition and physical activity are key elements in the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes. A community-based, multidisciplinary educational intervention aimed to improve quality of life and disease self-management in sedentary, overweight/obese type 2 diabetic patients was implemented in Naples, South Italy. METHODS: The 9-month intervention included a motivational program, a nutrition program, and an exercise program. Satisfaction, worry, and embarrassment regarding their condition, together with disease-related behaviors and propensity towards physical activity, were evaluated through a validated questionnaire before and after the intervention; health status perception was evaluated through the short-form 12 questionnaire...
June 19, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629222/associations-of-parental-self-efficacy-with-diet-physical-activity-body-composition-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-swedish-preschoolers-results-from-the-ministop-trial
#17
Niyati Parekh, Pontus Henriksson, Christine Delisle Nyström, Kristin Silfvernagel, Jonatan R Ruiz, Francisco B Ortega, Jeremy Pomeroy, Marie Löf
BACKGROUND: High parental self-efficacy (PSE) has been associated with healthy diets and higher levels of physical activity (PA) in children; however, data on PSE in relation to body weight and body composition are scarce. The objective of this study was to investigate associations of PSE with measures of diet, PA, body composition, and physical fitness in early childhood. METHOD: We used baseline data from the MINISTOP trial in healthy Swedish children ( n = 301; 4...
June 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626829/socioeconomic-status-as-an-effect-modifier-of-alcohol-consumption-and-harm-analysis-of-linked-cohort-data
#18
Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, Elise Whitley, Jim Lewsey, Linsay Gray, Alastair H Leyland
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-related mortality and morbidity are high in socioeconomically disadvantaged populations compared with individuals from advantaged areas. It is unclear if this increased harm reflects differences in alcohol consumption between these socioeconomic groups, reverse causation (ie, downward social selection for high-risk drinkers), or a greater risk of harm in individuals of low socioeconomic status compared with those of higher status after similar consumption. We aimed to investigate whether the harmful effects of alcohol differ by socioeconomic status, accounting for alcohol consumption and other health-related factors...
June 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623055/prevalence-of-adiposity-and-its-association-with-sleep-duration-quality-and-timing-among-9-12-year-old-children-in-guangzhou-china
#19
Jiao Wang, Peymane Adab, Weijia Liu, Yajun Chen, Bai Li, Rong Lin, Wei Liu, Kar Keung Cheng, Miranda Pallan
BACKGROUND: Short sleep duration has been reported to be associated with obesity in children, but findings are not consistent. Since few studies have examined the relationship between more complex sleep characteristics and obesity, we examined the association between adiposity and self-reported sleep duration, bedtime, and sleep quality in 9-12-year-old Chinese children using multilevel mixed models. METHODS: 5518 children aged 9-12 years were recruited from 29 randomly selected primary schools in Guangzhou, China in 2014...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622354/awareness-of-knowledge-and-practice-regarding-physical-activity-a-population-based-prospective-observational-study-among-students-in-nanjing-china
#20
Fei Xu, Xiaorong Wang, Dandan Xiang, Zhiyong Wang, Qing Ye, Robert S Ware
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) promotion has proven effectiveness in preventing childhood obesity. Increasing children's health knowledge is the most frequently used approach in PA intervention programs targeting childhood obesity prevention. However, little is known about the specific association between the change in a child's knowledge awareness and their PA practice. METHODS: A one-year follow-up study was conducted among primary and junior high school students in Nanjing, China...
2017: PloS One
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