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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805605/relationship-between-alcohol-consumption-and-age-at-menopause-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#1
Jeong In Choi, Kyung-do Han, Dae Woo Lee, Min Jeong Kim, Yeon Joo Shin, Hae Nam Lee
OBJECTIVE: We used data from the 2011-2014 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES) to investigate whether the age at menopause is related to alcohol consumption in South Korean women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of the data for 940 women who became menopausal within the 3 years preceding the KNHANES. RESULTS: The numbers of nondrinkers, mild to moderate drinkers, and heavy drinkers in this group were 345 (34...
August 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803346/sense-of-coherence-self-esteem-and-health-locus-of-control-in-subjects-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-with-without-satisfactory-metabolic-control
#2
C Nuccitelli, A Valentini, M T Caletti, C Caselli, N Mazzella, G Forlani, G Marchesini
BACKGROUND: Despite intensive training, a few individuals with Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) fail to reach the desired metabolic targets. AIM: To evaluate the association between disease-related emotional and cognitive aspects and metabolic control in subjects with T1DM. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Health locus of control (HLOC), sense of coherence (SOC), and self-esteem were assessed in T1DM subjects using validated questionnaires. Sixty-seven consecutive subjects who did not attain the desired HbA1c target (mean HbA1c, 8...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802895/physical-activity-and-obesity-among-nine-year-old-children-with-and-without-chronic-health-problems-illness-or-disabilities-in-ireland
#3
Justin A Haegele, Sean Healy, Xihe Zhu
BACKGROUND: Regular engagement in physical activity can help youth control their weight during childhood while decreasing one's chances of developing chronic diseases (e.g., coronary heart disease, diabetes) throughout the lifespan. While numerous studies have explored physical activity participation and weight status among typically developing children, few epidemiological studies utilizing nationally representative data has focused on children with chronic health problems, illness, or disabilities (CHID)...
August 8, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802566/alcohol-use-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#4
Lisa B VanWagner, Hongyan Ning, Norrina B Allen, Veeral Ajmera, Cora E Lewis, John Jeffrey Carr, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Norah A Terrault, Juned Siddique
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death among patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Moderate drinking (vs abstinence) is associated with lower risk of CVD in the general population. We assessed whether alcohol use is associated with CVD risk in patients with NAFLD. METHODS: We analyzed data from participants in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults longitudinal cohort study of 5115 black and white young adults, 18-30 years old, recruited from 4 cities in the United States from 1985 through 1986...
August 9, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802300/media-exposure-and-parental-mediation-on-fast-food-consumption-among-children-in-metropolitan-and-suburban-indonesian
#5
May O Lwin, Shelly Malik, Hardinsyah Ridwan, Cyndy Sook Sum Au
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Fast-food companies have been reproached for rising obesity levels due to aggressive marketing tactics targeted at children. They have countered that parents should be held responsible considering their critical role as nutritional gatekeepers. This study examined the comparative effects of media exposure and parental mediation on Indonesian children's fast food consumption and how the effects compare in the metropolitan versus suburban areas. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The sample consisted of 394 child-mother pairs comprising grade three and four children and their mothers from two schools each in Jakarta and Bogor representing 40...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799038/association-of-lead-exposure-with-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-diseases-in-chinese-adults
#6
Chi Chen, Qin Li, Xiaomin Nie, Bing Han, Yi Chen, Fangzhen Xia, Hualing Zhai, Ningjian Wang, Yingli Lu
We aimed to determine whether lead exposure was associated with cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and risk factors in Chinese adults. Five thousand three hundred and forty-eight subjects were enrolled from 16 sites in China. Blood lead level (BLL) was measured by atomic absorption spectrometry. Cardiovascular diseases included coronary heart disease, stroke, and myocardial infarction. Cardiovascular risk factors included body mass index (BMI), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), lipid profile, and blood pressure. We found that 5...
August 10, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798989/perceived-postoperative-support-differentiates-responders-from-non-responders-3%C3%A2-years-after-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#7
Ulrike B J M Ter Braak, Chris Hinnen, Marjolein M C de Jong, Arnold van de Laar
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is an effective intervention for the majority of patients with morbid obesity, but a significant minority fails to achieve substantial weight loss. In the search of possible predictors of weight loss following bariatric surgery, preoperative factors turn out to have limited predictive power. This study will examine the impact of two postoperative factors on weight loss: perceived social support and stressful life events. METHODS: From the entire 2013 cohort that underwent laparoscopic Roux-and-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) in a general hospital in the Netherlands, a group of 56 non-responders and a matched group of 56 responders were selected, using an alterable weight loss (%AWL)-based percentile chart...
August 11, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795921/health-at-the-borders-bayesian-multilevel-analysis-of-women-s-malnutrition-determinants-in-ethiopia
#8
Tefera Darge Delbiso, Jose Manuel Rodriguez-Llanes, Chiara Altare, Bruno Masquelier, Debarati Guha-Sapir
Background Women's malnutrition, particularly undernutrition, remains an important public health challenge in Ethiopia. Although various studies examined the levels and determinants of women's nutritional status, the influence of living close to an international border on women's nutrition has not been investigated. Yet, Ethiopian borders are regularly affected by conflict and refugee flows, which might ultimately impact health. Objective To investigate the impact of living close to borders in the nutritional status of women in Ethiopia, while considering other important covariates...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795685/the-risk-factors-of-9-year-follow-up-on-hypertension-in-middle-aged-people-in-tujia-nationality-settlement-of-china
#9
X Liu, C Liu, H Schenck, X Yi, H Wang, X Shi
The aim of this study was to investigate the risk factors of hypertension in middle-aged people within the Tujia-Nationality settlement in China. Demographics questionnaires and fitness tests were performed to identify the risk factors of hypertension in middle-aged people in the years 2005, 2010 and 2014 in the area of southwest Hubei of China. Of the 2428 participants, 568 were classified as hypertensive, giving an overall occurrence of hypertension at 23.4%, and the prevalence of hypertension was the highest in the year 2014 (34...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795218/atopy-and-prostate-cancer-is-there-a-link-between-circulating-levels-of-ige-and-psa-in-humans
#10
Mieke Van Hemelrijck, Sophia N Karagiannis, Sabine Rohrmann
BACKGROUND: Atopy has been investigated as a potential risk factor for prostate cancer. IgE antibodies may be major players in protective responses against tumours, through engendering antigen presentation and enhancing adaptive immune responses targeted towards a specific allergen, but potentially also against tumour-associated antigens such as prostate-specific antigen (PSA). We therefore cross-sectionally investigated associations between circulating levels of PSA and IgE in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2006...
August 9, 2017: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792168/indian-adolescent-living-with-hiv-aids-current-clinical-scenario
#11
Kavita S Joshi, Bhushan D Bhaware, Amar R Pazare
INTRODUCTION: Statistics suggest that, HIV has now largely become the disease of young patients. Hence, the adolescent HIV/AIDS needs to be handled and managed separately from adult HIV. Relatively fewer Indian data exist to characterize the associations in adolescents and young adults infected with HIV disease. The present study explores the current challenges in the management of HIV infected adolescents. OBJECTIVE: The study was aimed at evaluating, relationship between CD4 count and duration of antiretroviral therapy (ART), effects of ART on body mass index and the adverse effects of antiretroviral drugs in adolescent HIV positive patients...
July 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789581/profiling-of-smokers-and-snuffers-among-young-finnish-men-cross-sectional-epidemiological-study
#12
Jari Päkkilä, Vuokko Anttonen, Pertti Patinen, Kai Nyman, Kirsi Valkeapää, Dowen Birkhed, Leo Tjäderhane, Tarja Tanner
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to get new information from several sources about the background factors of Finnish smokers, snuffers, and dual users. Profiles of young smokers and snuffers were investigated in association with restorative treatment need, oral hygiene, eating habits, physical activity, body mass index (BMI), psychological and socioeconomic factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group comprised 3420 conscripts. The data were collected from four different sources: a health examination including an oral health screening, a computer-based questionnaire for investigating individual background factors, a psychological test assessing cognitive skills, and the Cooper test...
August 8, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776287/the-significance-of-frailty-in-the-relationship-between-socioeconomic-status-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-the-korean-community-dwelling-elderly-population-mediation-analysis-with-bootstrapping
#13
Ho-Joong Kim, Saejong Park, Soo-Hyun Park, Young Woo Heo, Bong-Soon Chang, Choon-Ki Lee, Jin S Yeom
PURPOSE: Firstly, to investigate the prevalence of frailty and impact on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in a Korean community-dwelling elderly population using the Fried frailty criteria; secondly, to investigate the associations among frailty, socioeconomic status (SES), and HRQOL of the Korean community-based population; and thirdly, to analyze the relationship between education, income, and frailty. METHODS: Nine hundred and sixty-four apparently heathy subjects from the Korean community-based population were enrolled in this prospective cross-sectional study...
August 3, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774355/funding-quality-pre-kindergarten-slots-with-philadelphia-s-new-sugary-drink-tax-simulating-effects-of-using-an-excise-tax-to-address-a-social-determinant-of-health
#14
Brent A Langellier, Félice Lê-Scherban, Jonathan Purtle
OBJECTIVE: Philadelphia passed a 1·5-cent-per-ounce sweetened beverage tax (SBT). Revenue will fund 10 000 quality pre-kindergarten slots for poor children. It is imperative to understand how revenue from SBT can be used to fund programmes to address education and other social determinants of health. The objective of the present study was to simulate quality pre-kindergarten attendance, educational achievement and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption among Philadelphia children and adolescents under six intervention scenarios: (i) no intervention; (ii) 10 000 additional quality pre-kindergarten slots; (iii) a 1·5-cent-per-ounce SBT; (iv) expanded pre-kindergarten and 1·5-cent-per-ounce SBT; (v) a 3-cent-per-ounce SBT; and (vi) expanded pre-kindergarten and 3-cent-per-ounce SBT...
August 4, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768906/integration-of-homeostatic-signaling-and-food-reward-processing-in-the-human-brain
#15
Joe J Simon, Anne Wetzel, Maria Hamze Sinno, Mandy Skunde, Martin Bendszus, Hubert Preissl, Paul Enck, Wolfgang Herzog, Hans-Christoph Friederich
BACKGROUND: Food intake is guided by homeostatic needs and by the reward value of food, yet the exact relation between the two remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of different metabolic states and hormonal satiety signaling on responses in neural reward networks. METHODS: Twenty-three healthy participants underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging while performing a task distinguishing between the anticipation and the receipt of either food- or monetary-related reward...
August 3, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768612/short-term-efficacy-of-an-innovative-mobile-phone-technology-based-intervention-for-weight-management-for-overweight-and-obese-adolescents-pilot-study
#16
Jyu-Lin Chen, Claudia M Guedes, Bruce A Cooper, Audrey E Lung
BACKGROUND: In the United States, approximately one-third of adolescents are now overweight or obese, and one in six is obese. This financial cost and the larger nonfinancial costs of obesity make obesity prevention and management for adolescents imperative for the health of the nation. However, primary care visits are typically brief, and primary care providers may lack adequate resources to help overweight or obese adolescents to manage weight issues. To augment the efficacy of primary care visits for adolescent weight management, mobile phone technology can be used as an adjunct treatment that provides additional opportunities for encouraging improvement in lifestyle, attainment, and maintenance of healthy weight...
August 2, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768611/a-smartphone-app-for-families-with-preschool-aged-children-in-a-public-nutrition-program-prototype-development-and-beta-testing
#17
Pamela Hull, Janice S Emerson, Meghan E Quirk, Juan R Canedo, Jessica L Jones, Violetta Vylegzhanina, Douglas C Schmidt, Shelagh A Mulvaney, Bettina M Beech, Chiquita Briley, Calvin Harris, Baqar A Husaini
BACKGROUND: The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in the United States provides free supplemental food and nutrition education to low-income mothers and children under age 5 years. Childhood obesity prevalence is higher among preschool children in the WIC program compared to other children, and WIC improves dietary quality among low-income children. The Children Eating Well (CHEW) smartphone app was developed in English and Spanish for WIC-participating families with preschool-aged children as a home-based intervention to reinforce WIC nutrition education and help prevent childhood obesity...
August 2, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768480/internet-and-social-network-users-profiles-in-renal-transplant-recipients-in-france
#18
Yosra Mouelhi, Marine Alessandrini, Vanessa Pauly, Bertrand Dussol, Stéphanie Gentile
BACKGROUND: The use of the Internet for searching and sharing health information and for health care interactions may have a great potential for Renal Transplant Recipients (RTR). This study aims to determine the characteristics associated with Internet and social network use in a representative sample of RTR at the time of their inclusion in the study. METHODS: Data of this cross-sectional design is retrieved from a longitudinal study conducted in five French kidney transplant centers in 2011, and included Renal Transplant Recipients aged 18 years with a functioning graft for at least 1 year...
August 3, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765778/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-individualized-nutrition-counseling-program-matched-with-a-transtheoretical-model-for-overweight-and-obese-females-in-thailand
#19
Sasipha Karintrakul, Jongjit Angkatavanich
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Effective weight reduction remains a challenge throughout the world as the prevalence of obesity and its consequences are increasing. This study aimed to determine the effects of an individualized nutrition counseling program (IC) matched with a transtheoretical model (TTM) for overweight and obese subjects. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Fifty overweight and obese subjects aged 19-60 years with a body mass index ≥ 23 kg/m(2) were enrolled in the weight reduction study...
August 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765667/the-relationship-between-physical-activity-and-work-ability-a-cross-sectional-study-of-teachers
#20
Małgorzata Grabara, Agnieszka Nawrocka, Aneta Powerska-Didkowska
OBJECTIVES: To assess relationship between physical activity (PA) and perceived work ability amongst teachers from the Upper Silesia, Poland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 171 teachers (129 women, 42 men) of primary and secondary schools of the Upper Silesia, Poland. Physical education teachers were excluded from the study. The level of PA was estimated using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire short version, and perceived work ability was estimated using Work Ability Index (WAI)...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
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