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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922143/attitudes-and-concerns-of-diabetic-patients-towards-bariatric-surgery-as-treatment-of-diabetes
#1
Hui Wen Chua, Hui Jun Zhou, Chin Meng Khoo, Asim Shabbir, Davide Lomanto, Jimmy By So
INTRODUCTION: Bariatric surgery is increasingly recognised as an effective treatment for type 2 diabetes that significantly improves glycaemic control, even achieving remission. This study examined perceptions and concerns of diabetic patients towards bariatric surgery as a treatment option for diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 150 patients were recruited from a specialised diabetic outpatient clinic and completed a questionnaire (items were rated on a Likert scale from slightly important [lowest score of 1] to extremely important [maximum score of 5])...
November 2016: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916866/relationship-between-soft-drink-consumption-and-obesity-in-9-11-years-old-children-in-a-multi-national-study
#2
Peter T Katzmarzyk, Stephanie T Broyles, Catherine M Champagne, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Rebecca Kuriyan, Anura Kurpad, Estelle V Lambert, Jose Maia, Victor Matsudo, Timothy Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Mark S Tremblay, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Pei Zhao
The purpose of this study was to determine the association between regular (sugar containing) and diet (artificially sweetened) soft drink consumption and obesity in children from 12 countries ranging in levels of economic and human development. The sample included 6162 children aged 9-11 years. Information on soft drink consumption was obtained using a food frequency questionnaire. Percentage body fat (%BF) was estimated by bio-electrical impedance analysis, body mass index (BMI) z-scores were computed using World Health Organization reference data, and obesity was defined as a BMI > +2 standard deviations (SD)...
November 30, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916818/is-a-nutrition-education-intervention-associated-with-a-higher-intake-of-fruit-and-vegetables-and-improved-nutritional-knowledge-among-housewives-in-mauritius
#3
Komeela Cannoosamy, Dhandevi Pem, Suress Bhagwant, Rajesh Jeewon
The purpose of the study was to assess the determinants of nutrition behaviors and body mass index and determine the impact of a nutrition education intervention (NEI) among Mauritian housewives. A pretest-posttest design was used assessing Nutrition Knowledge (NK), Nutrition Attitudes, Fruit and Vegetable Intake (FVI), body mass index (BMI). Two hundred Mauritian housewives were recruited. The NEI was in the form of a lecture and lasted for twenty minutes. Statistical tests performed revealed that the mean NK score at baseline was 65...
November 29, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912742/secular-trends-and-correlates-of-physical-activity-the-troms%C3%A3-study-1979-2008
#4
Bente Morseth, Bjarne K Jacobsen, Nina Emaus, Tom Wilsgaard, Lone Jørgensen
BACKGROUND: The aim was to describe secular trends in leisure time physical activity (LTPA) and work related physical activity (WPA) from 1979 to 2008. Additionally, we explored potential cross-sectional and longitudinal correlates of LTPA and WPA. METHODS: Data are collected from 34,898 individuals (49.7% men) aged >20 years who participated in at least one Tromsø Study survey between 1979 and 2008. In each survey, the participants completed a self-administered questionnaire and underwent physical examinations...
December 3, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911129/socioeconomic-position-and-mortality-among-patients-with-prostate-cancer-influence-of-mediating-factors
#5
Signe Benzon Larsen, Klaus Brasso, Jane Christensen, Christoffer Johansen, Anne Tjønneland, Søren Friis, Peter Iversen, Susanne Oksbjerg Dalton
INTRODUCTION: Men with low socioeconomic position experience higher mortality after a prostate cancer diagnosis compared to men with a higher socioeconomic position, however, the specific mediators of this association are unclear. We therefore evaluated the influence of potential mediators on the association between socioeconomic position, and prostate cancer-specific and all-cause death in prostate cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cohort study of prostate cancer patients in the Danish Diet, Cancer and Health study...
December 2, 2016: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910901/risk-factors-for-endometrial-cancer-results-from-a-hospital-based-case-control-study
#6
Maryam Ghanbari Andarieh, Mouloud Agajani Delavar, Dariush Moslemi, Sedighe Esmaeilzadeh
Objectives: The purpose of this investigation was to examine the association between endometrial cancer and possible etiological agents. Methods: A case-control study was conducted in Iran between March 2012 and May 2016. The demographic and reproductive factors of 205 women with endometrial cancer were compared, and 590 healthy cases were participated in the control group. For each endometrial cancer case, there were three controls, who were matched in terms of age and residence. The data were considered significant at p ≤0...
January 10, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908276/changes-in-physical-functioning-among-men-and-women-aged-50-79-years-in-germany-an-analysis-of-national-health-interview-and-examination-surveys-1997-1999-and-2008-2011
#7
A K Buttery, Y Du, M A Busch, J Fuchs, B Gaertner, H Knopf, C Scheidt-Nave
BACKGROUND: This study examines changes in physical functioning among adults aged 50-79 years in Germany based on data from two German National Health Interview and Examination Surveys conducted in 1997-1999 (GNHIES98) and 2008-2011 (DEGS1). METHODS: Using cross-sectional data from the two surveys (GNHIES98, n = 2884 and DEGS1, n = 3732), we examined changes in self-reported physical functioning scores (Short Form-36 physical functioning subscale (SF-36 PF)) by sex and age groups (50-64 and 65-79 years)...
December 1, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905991/ethnic-differences-in-prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-hypertension-in-the-suriname-health-study-a-cross-sectional-population-study
#8
Ingrid S K Krishnadath, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Lenny M Nahar-van Venrooij, Jerry R Toelsie
BACKGROUND: Limited information is available about the prevalence, ethnic disparities, and risk factors of hypertension within developing countries. We used data from a nationwide study on non-communicable disease (NCD) risk factors to estimate, explore, and compare the prevalence of hypertension overall and in subgroups of risk factors among different ethnic groups in Suriname. METHOD: The Suriname Health Study used the World Health Organization Steps design to select respondents with a stratified multistage cluster sample of households...
September 17, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905643/-inverse-association-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness-with-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-chilean-adults
#9
Carlos Cristi-Montero, Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo, Cristian Alvarez, Alex Garrido Méndez, María Adela Martínez, Ximena Díaz Martínez, Ana María Leiva, Carlos Salas, Manuel Gutiérrez, Ruth Sanzana-Inzunza, Eliana Durán, Ana María Labraña, Nicolás Aguilar-Farías, Carlos Celis-Morales
BACKGROUND: A high level of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is an important protector against cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. AIM: To explore the association of CRF with several metabolic markers and estimate the variation of these parameters by an increase of 1 MET change in CRF. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 447 adults (56% women) without medical history of cardiometabolic diseases. Physical activity evaluated using accelerometry, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, blood glucose and insulin and lipid profile were measured...
August 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898410/cadmium-exposure-is-associated-with-the-prevalence-of-dyslipidemia
#10
Zhou Zhou, Yong-Hui Lu, Hui-Feng Pi, Peng Gao, Min Li, Lei Zhang, Li-Ping Pei, Xiang Mei, Lin Liu, Qi Zhao, Qi-Zhong Qin, Yu Chen, Yue-Ming Jiang, Zhao-Hui Zhang, Zheng-Ping Yu
BACKGROUND: Cadmium is a widespread environmental and occupational pollutant that accumulates in human body with a biological half-life exceeding 10 years. Cadmium exposure has been demonstrated to increase rates of cardiovascular diseases. Whether occupational cadmium exposure is associated with the increase in the prevalence of dyslipidemia and hence contributes to the risk of cardiovascular diseases is still equivocal. To test the hypothesis that exposure to cadmium is related to the prevalence of dyslipidemia, we examined the associations between blood cadmium concentration and the prevalence of dyslipidemia in workers occupationally exposed to cadmium in China...
November 30, 2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894867/creatine-kinase-as-a-marker-of-obesity-in-a-multi-ethnic-population
#11
Yentl C Haan, Inge Oudman, Frederieke S Diemer, Fares A Karamat, Irene G van Valkengoed, Gert A van Montfrans, Lizzy M Brewster
OBJECTIVE: Creatine kinase (CK), the central regulatory enzyme of energy metabolism, is particularly high in type II skeletal muscle fibers, which are associated with insulin resistance and obesity. As resting plasma CK is mainly derived from skeletal muscle, we assessed whether plasma CK is associated with markers of obesity. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we analyzed a random sample of the multi-ethnic population of Amsterdam, the Netherlands, consisting of 1444 subjects aged 34-60 years...
November 25, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894341/abdominal-obesity-gender-and-the-risk-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-nested-case-control-study
#12
Lotta Ljung, Solbritt Rantapää-Dahlqvist
BACKGROUND: The risk of development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) could be affected by immune activation in obesity. Our objective was to evaluate the association between obesity in general, and abdominal obesity, and the risk for subsequent development of RA. METHODS: In two large population-based, prospective cohorts, 557 cases (mean age at RA symptom onset 58, SD 10 years, 68% women) who subsequently developed RA and 1671 matched controls were identified. From a health examination antedating symptom onset (median 5...
November 29, 2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889315/school-based-obesity-prevention-policies-and-practices-and-weight-control-behaviors-among-adolescents
#13
Nicole Larson, Cynthia S Davey, Caitlin E Caspi, Martha Y Kubik, Marilyn S Nanney
BACKGROUND: The promotion of healthy eating and physical activity within school settings is an important component of population-based strategies to prevent obesity; however, adolescents may be vulnerable to weight-related messages, as rapid development during this life stage often leads to preoccupation with body size and shape. OBJECTIVE: This study examines secular trends in secondary school curricula topics relevant to the prevention of unhealthy weight-control behaviors; describes cross-sectional associations between weight-related curricula content and students' use of weight-control behaviors; and assesses whether implementation of school-based obesity-prevention policies/practices is longitudinally related to students' weight-control behaviors...
November 23, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886376/-the-burden-of-pregnancy-heavier-for-the-heaviest-the-changes-in-health-related-quality-of-life-hrqol-assessed-by-the-15d-instrument-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-in-different-body-mass-index-groups-a-longitudinal-survey
#14
Niina Sahrakorpi, Saila B Koivusalo, Beata Stach-Lempinen, Johan Gunnar Eriksson, Hannu Kautiainen, Risto Roine
INTRODUCTION: Only little information is available on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and its changes during the course of a normal pregnancy. We studied changes in HRQoL in a pregnant population during pregnancy and until one year postpartum in different body mass index (BMI) groups. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 750 pregnant women attending the first ultrasound examination before gestational week 14 were invited to participate in a longitudinal, communal-based survey...
November 25, 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875321/the-impact-of-selected-environmental-behavioral-and-psychosocial-factors-on-schoolchildren-s-somatic-and-mental-health
#15
Diana Vondrova, Daniela Kapsdorfer, Lubica Argalasova, Katarina Hirosova, Martin Samohyl, Ludmila Sevcikova
Children develop rapidly and many exogenous determinants of health significantly affect their somatic and mental development. There is a subjective perception of cognitive load associated with the educational process. The aim of the study is to assess individual environmental, behavioral and psychosocial factors influencing physical health and to investigate the amount of mental load in children. We investigated 87 schoolchildren (47 girls and 40 boys) aged 10-12 years, who were attending primary school in Bratislava...
November 22, 2016: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871259/prevalence-and-determinants-of-diabetes-among-older-adults-in-ghana
#16
Samwel Maina Gatimu, Benson Williesham Milimo, Miguel San Sebastian
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is one of the leading non-communicable diseases in Africa, contributing to the increasing disease burden among the old adults. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and determinants of diabetes among adults aged 50 years and above in Ghana. METHODS: A cross sectional study based on data collected from Study of Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE) Wave 1 from 2007 to 2008. Data was collected from 5565 respondents of whom 4135 were aged 50+ years identified using a multistage stratified clusters design...
November 21, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868082/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-parents-facing-child-and-adolescent-obesity-in-brazzaville-congo
#17
Jean Robert Mabiala Babela, Evrard Romaric Nika, Kadidja Grâce Cléona Nkounkou Milandou, Steve Vassili Missambou Mandilou, Succes Brege Albert Bouangui Bazolana, Henri Germain Monabeka, Georges Moyen
The study aimed to assess obesity-related knowledge, attitudes, and practices of parents when facing child and adolescent obesity in order to improve the quality of care. A case-control study was conducted from February 1 to July 1, 2013. The study compared parents of obese school children (group 1 or cases; n = 254) and those school children without obesity (group 2 or controls; n = 254). These children were drawn from public and private primary schools of Brazzaville (Congo). Obesity-related knowledge was satisfactory in 83...
2016: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866503/controlling-feeding-practices-and-maternal-migrant-background-an-analysis-of-a-multicultural-sample
#18
Maria Somaraki, Karin Eli, Anna Ek, Louise Lindberg, Jonna Nyman, Claude Marcus, Carl-Erik Flodmark, Angelo Pietrobelli, Myles S Faith, Kimmo Sorjonen, Paulina Nowicka
OBJECTIVE: Parental feeding practices shape children's relationships with food and eating. Feeding is embedded socioculturally in values and attitudes related to food and parenting. However, few studies have examined associations between parental feeding practices and migrant background. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. Parental feeding practices (restriction, pressure to eat, monitoring) were assessed using the Child Feeding Questionnaire. Differences were explored in four sub-samples grouped by maternal place of birth: Sweden, Nordic/Western Europe, Eastern/Southern Europe and countries outside Europe...
November 21, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866490/multilevel-linear-regression-analysis-of-factors-influencing-body-mass-index-among-bangladeshi-married-non-pregnant-women
#19
Md Kamruzzaman, A S M A Mamun, Sheikh Muhammad Abu Bakar, Aik Saw, T Kamarul, Md Nurul Islam, Md Golam Hossain
The aim of this study was to investigate the socioeconomic and demographic factors influencing the body mass index (BMI) of non-pregnant married Bangladeshi women of reproductive age. Secondary (Hierarchy) data from the 2011 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey, collected using two-stage stratified cluster sampling, were used. Two-level linear regression analysis was performed to remove the cluster effect of the variables. The mean BMI of married non-pregnant Bangladeshi women was 21.60±3.86 kg/m2, and the prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity was 22...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864799/primordial-prevention-of-cardiometabolic-risk-in-childhood
#20
Meryem A Tanrikulu, Mehmet Agirbasli, Gerald Berenson
Fetal life and childhood are important in the development of cardiometabolic risk and later clinical disease of atherosclerosis, hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Molecular and environmental conditions leading to cardiometabolic risk in early life bring us a challenge to develop effective prevention and intervention strategies to reduce cardiovascular (CV) risk in children and later disease. It is important that prevention strategies begin at an early age to reduce future CV morbidity and mortality. Pioneering work from longitudinal studies such as Bogalusa Heart Study (BHS), the Finnish Youth Study and other programs provide an awareness of the need for public and health services to begin primordial prevention...
November 19, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
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