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(self-reported health) AND (hypertension or HTN)

Andrew C Patterson, Gerry Veenstra
OBJECTIVES: Intersectionality theory proposes that each combination of social categories derived from gender, race and nationality, such as immigrant White man or native-born Black woman, is associated with unique social experiences. We tested the potential of intersectionality theory for explicating racial inequalities in Canada by investigating whether Black-White health inequalities are conditioned by gender and immigrant status in a synergistic way. METHODS: Our dataset comprised 10 cycles (2001-2013) of the Canadian Community Health Survey...
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
Yutaka Imai
It has been confirmed that clinical significance of home blood pressure measurements (HBPM) is higher than clinic BP measurements and ambulatory BP monitoring. However, several drawbacks of HBPM have also been mentioned, e.g. selection and reporting biases, difficulties of calculation of multiple measurements, difficulties of onsite judgement of numerous recordings, etc. Recent devices for HBPM incorporate memory function. This function can overcome such drawbacks of HBPM. These memorized data can transmit, storage, retrieve, be arithmetic and control, be judged based on algorithm and be got feedback...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Harry Hx Wang, Jia Ji Wang, Kenny D Lawson, Samuel Ys Wong, Martin Cs Wong, Fang Jian Li, Pei Xi Wang, Zhi Heng Zhou, Yao Qun Yeong, Sian M Griffiths, Stewart W Mercer
OBJECTIVE: Multimorbidity (having ≥2 chronic conditions within an individual) is a rapidly increasing problem particularly among hypertensive patients. This study compared the prevalence of hypertension and those with multimorbidity in three study populations. DESIGN AND METHOD: We used cross-sectional data from three self-report surveys in China [N = 162,464], Scotland [N = 36,921], and Hong Kong [N = 29,187]. A consistent methodology was adopted to select representative samples of the household resident population of all ages by multi-stage stratified random sampling in each area...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
M Margaret Weigel, Rodrigo X Armijos, Marcia Racines, William Cevallos, Nancy P Castro
Chronic physical and mental health conditions account for a rising proportion of morbidity, mortality, and disability in the Americas region. Household food insecurity (HFI) has been linked to chronic disease in US and Canadian women but it is uncertain if the same is true for low- and middle-income Latin American countries in epidemiologic transition. We conducted a survey to investigate the association of HFI with the physical and mental health of 794 women with children living in low-income Quito, Ecuador, neighborhoods...
2016: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Marion G Priebe, Jolene R McMonagle
BACKGROUND: In many countries breakfast cereals are an important component of breakfast. This systematic review assesses the contribution of consumption of ready-to eat cereal (RTEC) to the recommended nutrient intake. Furthermore, the effects of RTEC consumption on key health parameters are investigated as well as health promoting properties of RTEC. METHOD: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL have been searched up till 16th of June 2015...
2016: PloS One
Outi Uimari, Juha Auvinen, Jari Jokelainen, Katri Puukka, Aimo Ruokonen, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Terhi Piltonen, Sirkka Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi, Krina Zondervan, Ilkka Järvelä, Markku Ryynänen, Hannu Martikainen
STUDY QUESTION: Are uterine fibroids associated with increased cardiovascular risk? SUMMARY ANSWER: This study reports an association between increased serum lipids and metabolic syndrome with an increased risk of uterine fibroids. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Recent studies suggest similarities in biological disease mechanisms and risk factors for fibroids and atherosclerosis: obesity, hypertension and abnormal serum lipids. These findings are awaiting confirmation that a population-based follow-up study could offer with extensive health examination data collection linked with a national hospital discharge register...
October 12, 2016: Human Reproduction
Helena Boene, Marianne Vidler, Orvalho Augusto, Mohsin Sidat, Eusébio Macete, Clara Menéndez, Diane Sawchuck, Rahat Qureshi, Peter von Dadelszen, Khátia Munguambe, Esperança Sevene
BACKGROUND: Mozambique has drastically improved an array of health indicators in recent years, including maternal mortality rates which decreased 63 % from 1990-2013 but the rates still high. Pre-eclampsia and eclampsia constitute the third major cause of maternal death in the country. Women in rural areas, with limited access to health facilities are at greatest risk. This study aimed to assess the current state of knowledge and the regular practices regarding pre-eclampsia and eclampsia by community health workers in southern Mozambique...
September 30, 2016: Reproductive Health
Umesh Ramadurg, Marianne Vidler, Umesh Charanthimath, Geetanjali Katageri, Mrutyunjaya Bellad, Ashalata Mallapur, Shivaprasad Goudar, Shashidhar Bannale, Chandrashekhar Karadiguddi, Diane Sawchuck, Rahat Qureshi, Peter von Dadelszen, Richard Derman
BACKGROUND: In India, the hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and postpartum haemorrhage are responsible for nearly 40 % of all maternal deaths. Most of these deaths occur in primary health settings which frequently lack essential equipment and medication, are understaffed, and have limited or no access to specialist care. Community health care workers are regarded as essential providers of basic maternity care; and the quality of care they provide is dependent on the level of knowledge and skills they possess...
September 30, 2016: Reproductive Health
Gyambo Sithey, Li Ming Wen, Patrick Kelly, Mu Li
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Short and long sleep durations have been found to be associated with chronic conditions like diabetes mellitus, hypertension and cardiovascular disease. However, most studies were conducted in developed countries and the results were inconsistent. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between sleep duration and self-reported health status in a developing country setting. METHODS: We conducted secondary data analysis of the 2010 Gross National Happiness study of Bhutan, which was a nationwide cross sectional study with representative samples from rural and urban areas...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Thomas J Littlejohns, Ruth C Travis, Tim J Key, Naomi E Allen
BACKGROUND: The central role of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing in the diagnosis of prostate cancer leads to the possibility that observational studies that report associations between risk factors and prostate cancer could be affected by detection bias. This study aims to investigate whether reported risk factors for prostate cancer are associated with PSA testing in a large middle-aged population-based cohort in the UK. METHODS: The cross-sectional association between a wide range of sociodemographic, lifestyle, dietary and health characteristics with PSA testing was examined in 212,039 men aged 40-69 years in UK Biobank...
September 29, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology
Faye S Routledge, Tara D Davis, Sandra B Dunbar
BACKGROUND: Recruitment in clinical research is a common challenge and source of study failure. The reporting of recruitment methods and costs in hypertension trials is limited especially for smaller, single-site trials, online intervention trials, and trials using newer online recruitment strategies. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study are to describe and examine the feasibility of newer online-e-mail recruitment strategies and traditional recruitment strategies used to enroll participants with insomnia and high blood pressure into an online behavioral sleep intervention study (Sleeping for Heart Health)...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Ira Driscoll, Sally A Shumaker, Beverly M Snively, Karen L Margolis, JoAnn E Manson, Mara Z Vitolins, Rebecca C Rossom, Mark A Espeland
BACKGROUND: Nonhuman studies suggest a protective effect of caffeine on cognition. Although human literature remains less consistent, reviews suggest a possible favorable relationship between caffeine consumption and cognitive impairment or dementia. We investigated the relationship between caffeine intake and incidence of cognitive impairment or probable dementia in women aged 65 and older from the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study. METHODS: All women with self-reported caffeine consumption at enrollment were included (N = 6,467)...
September 27, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Svetlana V Doubova, Ingrid Patricia Martinez-Vega, Rebeca Aguirre-Hernandez, Ricardo Pérez-Cuevas
Research on factors associated with poor adherence to self-care focuses primarily on psychiatric emotional disorders such as depression and anxiety, whereas non-psychiatric chronic-disease-related emotional distress has received little attention in hypertensive patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association of hypertension-related distress with the lack of self-care including low adherence to pharmacological treatment, lack of regular physical activity, low intake of fruits and vegetables and frequent intake of high-salt foods...
September 28, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Alicia A Gonzalez-Zacarias, Ana Mavarez-Martinez, Carlos E Arias-Morales, Nicoleta Stoicea, Barbara Rogers
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is reported as one of the most complex chronic diseases worldwide. In the United States, Type 2 DM (T2DM) is the seventh leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Individuals with diabetes require lifelong personal care to reduce the possibility of developing long-term complications. A good knowledge of diabetes risk factors, including obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension, family history of DM, and sedentary lifestyle, play an essential role in prevention and treatment. Also, sociodemographic, economic, psychological, and environmental factors are directly and indirectly associated with diabetes control and health outcomes...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
Kathryn E Flynn, Li Lin, Deborah Watkins Bruner, Jill M Cyranowski, Elizabeth A Hahn, Diana D Jeffery, Jennifer Barsky Reese, Bryce B Reeve, Rebecca A Shelby, Kevin P Weinfurt
INTRODUCTION: Discussions about sexual health are uncommon in clinical encounters, despite the sexual dysfunction associated with many common health conditions. Understanding of the importance of sexual health and sexual satisfaction in U.S. adults is limited. AIM: To provide epidemiologic data on the importance of sexual health for quality of life and people's satisfaction with their sex lives and to examine how each is associated with demographic and health factors...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Risa Igarashi, Kazuya Fujihara, Yoriko Heianza, Masahiro Ishizawa, Satoru Kodama, Kazumi Saito, Shigeko Hara, Osamu Hanyu, Ritsuko Honda, Hiroshi Tsuji, Yasuji Arase, Hirohito Sone
Although a family history (FH) of hypertension is a risk factor for the development of hypertension, only a few studies have investigated in detail the impact of individual components of an FH on incident hypertension. We investigated the impact of individual components and their combinations on the presence or development of hypertension considering obesity, smoking habits, physical activity, and other metabolic parameters.Studied were 12,222 Japanese individuals without hypertension (n = 9,766) and with hypertension (n = 2,456) at the baseline examination...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
A B Murphy, N J Moore, M Wright, J Gipson, M Keeter, T Cornelious, D Reed, J Russell, K S Watson, M Murray
African American men (AA) carry unequal burdens of several conditions including cancer, diabetes, hypertension, and HIV. Engagement of diverse populations including AA men in research and health promotion practice is vital to examining the health disparities that continue to plague many racially and ethnically diverse communities. To date, there is little research on best practices that indicate locations, community areas and settings to engage AA men in research and health promotion. Traditionally, the AA church has been a key area to engage AA men and women...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Community Health
María de Los Ángeles Ríos-Rodríguez, María Rosa García-Cerdán, Ana Rosa Calonge-Vallejo, Laia Tobella-Andreu, José Miguel Baena-Díez, Helmut Schröder
OBJECTIVE: To study the feasibility and results of the self-reported short diet quality screener (sDQS) in Primary Care. The variables associated with difficulty and inadequate diet are also determined. METHOD: Cross-sectional descriptive study conducted with 196 participants aged >18 years with diabetes mellitus, hypertension, or hypercholesterolaemia, consecutively included from 4 Primary Health Care Centres in Barcelona. The main variables collected were, age, sex, educational level, cardiovascular risk factors, body mass index, time to complete the sDQS, degree of difficulty, and diet score: inadequate diet ≤18, adequate in some aspects 19-27, adequate >27...
September 17, 2016: Enfermería Clínica
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: The AMANHI morbidity study aims to quantify and describe severe maternal morbidities and assess their associations with adverse maternal, fetal and newborn outcomes in predominantly rural areas of nine sites in eight South Asian and sub-Saharan African countries. METHODS: AMANHI takes advantage of on-going population-based cohort studies covering approximately 2 million women of reproductive age with 1- to 3-monthly pregnancy surveillance to enrol pregnant women...
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
Yutaka Imai
It has been confirmed that clinical significance of home blood pressure measurements (HBPM) is higher than clinic BP measurements and ambulatory BP monitoring. However, several drawbacks of HBPM have also been mentioned, e.g. selection and reporting biases, difficulties of calculation of multiple measurements, difficulties of onsite judgement of numerous recordings, etc. Recent devices for HBPM incorporate memory function. This function can overcome such drawbacks of HBPM. These memorized data can transmit, storage, retrieve, be arithmetic and control, be judged based on algorithm and be got feedback...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
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