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(self-reported health) AND (hypertension or HTN)

Justin Gatwood, Rhonda Hanley, Joe S Moore, Kenneth Hohmeier
The emphasis that United States employers are placing on employee wellness continues to grow; however, most attention has been paid to larger firms to gauge return-on-investment from a larger pool of enrollees. With fewer resources available to fund expansive wellness programs, smaller businesses need a cost-effective mechanism to provide such benefits. As the most accessible healthcare provider, community pharmacists are in an ideal position to support certain wellness programs for smaller businesses. This research piloted a community pharmacist-led, employer-sponsored wellness program for a self-insured financial services company in Tennessee...
June 12, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Min Su, Yafei Si, Zhongliang Zhou, Chi Shen, Wanyue Dong, Xiaojing Fan, Xiao Wang, Xiaolin Wei
BACKGROUND: Hypertension has become a global health challenge given its high prevalence and but low awareness and detection. Whether the actual prevalence of hypertension has been estimated is important, especially for the poor. This study aimed to measure tested prevalence and self-reported prevalence of hypertension and compare the inequity between them in China. METHODS: Data were derived from China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) conducted in 2011. By using the multistage, stratified, random sampling method, 12,168 respondents aged 18 or older were identified for analysis...
June 15, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
Xingyue Song, Jing Wu, Canqing Yu, Wenhong Dong, Jun Lv, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Ling Yang, Yiping Chen, Zhengming Chen, An Pan, Liming Li
BACKGROUND: Understanding the correlates of self-rated health (SRH) can help public health professionals prioritize health-promotion and disease-prevention interventions. This study aimed to investigate the association between multiple comorbidities and global SRH and age-comparative SRH. METHODS: A total of 512,891 participants aged 30-79 years old were recruited into the China Kadoorie Biobank study from ten regions between 2004 and 2008. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratios (ORs) for the associations between comorbidities (including diabetes, hypertension, coronary heart disease, rheumatic heart disease, stroke, tuberculosis, emphysema/bronchitis, asthma, cirrhosis/chronic hepatitis, peptic ulcer, gallbladder disease, kidney disease, fracture, rheumatic arthritis, psychiatric disorders, depressive symptoms, neurasthenia, head injury and cancer) and SRH...
June 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
Melissa Maritz, Carla Mt Fourie, Johannes M VAN Rooyen, Aletta E Schutte
AIMS: Black populations from sub-Saharan Africa have a high prevalence of cardiovascular disease, which places significant strain on public health systems. Aortic stiffness is a prominent risk factor for cardiovascular disease development. We reported earlier that excessive alcohol use predicts aortic stiffness. However, we require a better understanding of other biomarkers involved in stiffness development, beyond alcohol use. Therefore, we determined which biomarkers (metabolic, inflammatory, endothelial activation and oxidative stress) relate to aortic stiffness in young and older black South Africans, self-reporting no alcohol-use...
June 12, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Adrienne M Gilligan, David S Alberts, Denise J Roe, Grant H Skrepnek
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of cancer upon a patient's depletion of net worth and incursion of debt in the U.S. METHODS: This longitudinal study used the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) from 1998-2014. Persons ≥50 years with newly-diagnosed malignancies were included, excluding minor skin cancers. Multivariable generalized linear models were employed to assess changes in net worth and debt (consumer, mortgage, home equity) at two-and four-years following diagnosis (Year+2 , Year+4 ) after controlling for demographic and clinically-related variables, cancer-specific attributes, economic factors, and mortality...
June 12, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
Chanjuan Zhao, Liping Wong, Qing Zhu, Hao Yang
BACKGROUND: The escalating problem of multiple chronic conditions among older adults in China draws public health attention due to increasing proportion of the elderly population. This study sought to assess the prevalence of and factors associated with four chronic diseases in older adults in Haikou, the capital city of Hainan Province, China. METHOD: In this cross-sectional study, 9432 community-dwelling elderly people aged 60 years and older living in rural or urban areas in Haikou were investigated...
2018: PloS One
Nucharapon Liangruenrom, Kanyapat Suttikasem, Melinda Craike, Jason A Bennie, Stuart J H Biddle, Zeljko Pedisic
BACKGROUND: The number of deaths per year attributed to non-communicable diseases is increasing in low- and middle-income countries, including Thailand. To facilitate the development of evidence-based public health programs and policies in Thailand, research on physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) is needed. The aims of this scoping review were to: (i) map all available evidence on PA and SB in Thailand; (ii) identify research gaps; and (iii) suggest directions for future research...
June 14, 2018: BMC Public Health
William Montgomery, Amir Goren, Kristin Kahle-Wrobleski, Tomomi Nakamura, Kaname Ueda
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia, a progressive neurodegenerative disease, exerts significant burden upon patients, caregivers, and healthcare systems globally. The current study investigated the associations between AD dementia patient disease severity and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of both patients (proxy report) and their caregivers living in Japan, as well as caregiving-related comorbidities such as depression. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used self-reported data from caregivers of people diagnosed with AD dementia by a healthcare provider in Japan...
June 14, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
Linda P Bolin, Carolyn E Horne, Patricia B Crane, James R Powell
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify health and physiological measures, depressive symptoms and locus of control (LOC) in adherence to a low salt (1500 mg sodium), diet in African American (AA) adults with hypertension (HTN). BACKGROUND: Adherence determinants to self-management behaviors among AA adults with HTN is essential in prevention of outcomes such as stroke. A low salt diet is one key factor in the successful management of HTN. DESIGN: A cross sectional correlational design...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Qinghua Xia, Hui Cai, Yong-Bing Xiang, Peng Zhou, Honglan Li, Gong Yang, Yu Jiang, Xiao-Ou Shu, Wei Zheng, Wang-Hong Xu
BACKGROUND: Low birth weight has been associated with subsequent risks of obesity and certain chronic diseases, but evidence for this association is limited for Chinese population. METHODS: We analyzed data from two population-based prospective cohort studies, the Shanghai Women's Health Study and the Shanghai Men's Health Study to examine the association. Information on self-reported birth weight was collected at the baseline in-person interview. Anthropometric measurements were taken at the study enrollment...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Toshiyuki Yasui, Kunihiko Hayashi, Hiroya Okano, Masayo Kamio, Hideki Mizunuma, Toshiro Kubota, Jung-Su Lee, Shosuke Suzuki
We performed a scrutiny survey of self-reported uterine leiomyomata (UL) to investigate the associations of parental history with hypertension and personal history of hypertension in the UL cases in Japanese women. Questionnaires that included items on the sites of UL determined by imaging techniques and surgical procedure were mailed to 2015 women with a self-reported UL at a baseline survey of the Japan Nurses' Health Study (n = 15,019). We found that women with a past history and a maternal history of hypertension had an increase in their risk of UL...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Viviane de Menezes Caceres, Nigel Stocks, Robert Adams, Dandara Gabriela Haag, Karen Glazer Peres, Marco Aurélio Peres, David Alejandro González-Chica
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the relationship between physical activity (PA) of low intensity and duration with quality of life (QoL) among individuals at risk or with cardiovascular disease (CVD). OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether PA of different intensity and duration moderates the relationship between CVD and its risk factors (obesity, hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidaemia) and QoL in adults. METHODS: Population-based cross-sectional studies using data from the EpiFloripa Cohort Study (Southern Brazil; n = 1,220, 38...
2018: PloS One
Nobuo Kawazoe, Xiumin Zhang, Chifa Chiang, Hongjian Liu, Jinghua Li, Yoshihisa Hirakawa, Atsuko Aoyama
Objective: The burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) is increasing in China, together with economic development and social changes. The prevalence of risk factors for NCDs, such as overweight/obesity, hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia, is reported to be high even among poor residents of rural areas. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of hypertension among elderly adults in rural Northeast China and the proportion with controlled hypertension among those on antihypertensive medication (hypertension control rate)...
May 2018: Journal of Rural Medicine: JRM
Andrea Osswald, Timo Deutschbein, Christina Maria Berr, Eva Plomer, Anne Mickisch, Katrin Ritzel, Jochen Schopohl, Felix Beuschlein, Martin Fassnacht, Stefanie Hahner, Martin Reincke
OBJECTIVE Aim of our study was to analyze long-term outcome of patients with the ectopic Cushing's syndrome (ECS) compared to patients with Cushing's disease (CD) regarding cardiovascular, metabolic, musculoskeletal and psychiatric co-morbidities. DESIGN Cross-sectional study in patients with ECS and CD in two German academic tertiary-care centers. METHODS Standardized clinical follow-up examination was performed including health-related quality of life (QoL) in 21 ECS patients in long-term remission (≥ 18 months since successful surgery)...
June 6, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
Axana Rodriguez-Torres, Meredith Murphy, Christina Kourkoulis, Kristin Schwab, Alison M Ayres, Charles J Moomaw, Soo Young Kwon, Jimmy V Berthaud, M Edip Gurol, Steven M Greenberg, Anand Viswanathan, Christopher D Anderson, Matthew Flaherty, Michael L James, Lee Birnbaum, Gene Yong Sung, Gunjan Parikh, Amelia K Boehme, Douglas Mayson, Kevin N Sheth, Chelsea Kidwell, Sebastian Koch, Michael Frankel, Carl D Langefeld, Fernando D Testai, Daniel Woo, Jonathan Rosand, Alessandro Biffi
OBJECTIVE: To clarify whether recurrence risk for intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is higher among black and Hispanic individuals and whether this disparity is attributable to differences in blood pressure (BP) measurements and their variability. METHODS: We analyzed data from survivors of primary ICH enrolled in 2 separate studies: (1) the longitudinal study conducted at Massachusetts General Hospital (n = 759), and (2) the ERICH (Ethnic/Racial Variations of Intracerebral Hemorrhage) study (n = 1,532)...
June 6, 2018: Neurology
Alain Lekoubou, Kinfe G Bishu, Bruce Ovbiagele
BACKGROUND: In this study, we aimed at estimating the prevalence and number of stroke survivors with hypertension, recommended pharmacological treatment, and above blood pressure target, according to the 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines and the seventh report of the Joint National Committee on prevention, detection, evaluation, and treatment of high blood pressure guidelines. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included participants aged ≥20 years to the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys between 2003 and 2014...
June 6, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
A O Fowokan, J L Black, E Holmes, D Seto, S A Lear
Food banks provide supplemental food to low-income households, yet little is known about the cardiovascular health of food banks members. This study therefore described cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors among food bank members and explored associations between food insecurity and CVD risk. Adults ≥18 years (n = 77) from three food bank sites in metro Vancouver, British Columbia completed surveys and physical assessments examining a range of socio-demographic variables and CVD risk factors. A composite measure of myocardial infarction (MI) risk called the INTERHEART score was assessed and household food insecurity was measured using the Household Food Security Survey Module...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
Adrienne O'Neil, Anna J Scovelle
Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) perpetration may induce cardiovascular reactivity and risk markers thereby precipitating early onset cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, this relationship has been largely under-researched in comparison to the health impacts of IPV victimisation. We therefore aimed to systematically review the current evidence investigating the relationship between IPV perpetration and CV risk. Six databases (CINAHL, Ovid MEDLINE, Pubmed, Scopus, ProQuest, Google Scholar) were searched between August 2016 and August 2017 using a predefined search strategy...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
Eleonor I Fransson, Maria Nordin, Linda L Magnusson Hanson, Hugo Westerlund
Background Knowledge about the impact of occupational exposures, such as work stress, on the risk of atrial fibrillation is limited. The present study aims to investigate the association between job strain, a measure of work stress, and atrial fibrillation. Design Prospective cohort study design and fixed-effect meta-analysis. Methods Data from the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH) was utilised for the main analysis, combining self-reported data on work stress at baseline with follow-up data on atrial fibrillation from nationwide registers...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Sirje Sammul, Margus Viigimaa
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is an important public health problem which causes premature morbidity and mortality. Cardiovascular diseases are responsible for about 55% of deaths in Estonia. THE PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: was to assess, through a follow-up period, the prevalence of hypertension and to observe which risk factors of cardiovascular disease impact the occurrence of the disease. The second aim of the study was to evaluate the role of psychosocial factors and personality traits among individuals with a diagnosis of hypertension...
May 27, 2018: Blood Pressure
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