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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654004/self-reported-oil-spill-exposure-and-pregnancy-complications-the-growh-study
#1
Emily W Harville, Arti Shankar, Leah Zilversmit, Pierre Buekens
Adverse infant outcomes often rise in the aftermath of disaster, but few studies have assessed the effects of disaster on maternal health. 1091 southern Louisiana women were interviewed about their pregnancy history, including pregnancy complications. Associations between oil spill exposures and gestational diabetes, hypertensive disorders, and nausea/vomiting were assessed for all reported pregnancies. 631 women had a pregnancy both before and after the oil spill. Generalized estimating equations (logistic regression) with adjustment for confounders were used...
June 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652461/cardiovascular-health-and-incident-hypertension-in-blacks-jhs-the-jackson-heart-study
#2
John N Booth, Marwah Abdalla, Rikki M Tanner, Keith M Diaz, Samantha G Bromfield, Gabriel S Tajeu, Adolfo Correa, Mario Sims, Gbenga Ogedegbe, Adam P Bress, Tanya M Spruill, Daichi Shimbo, Paul Muntner
Several modifiable health behaviors and health factors that comprise the Life's Simple 7-a cardiovascular health metric-have been associated with hypertension risk. We determined the association between cardiovascular health and incident hypertension in JHS (the Jackson Heart Study)-a cohort of blacks. We analyzed participants without hypertension or cardiovascular disease at baseline (2000-2004) who attended ≥1 follow-up visit in 2005 to 2008 or 2009 to 2012 (n=1878). Body mass index, physical activity, diet, cigarette smoking, blood pressure (BP), total cholesterol, and fasting glucose were assessed at baseline and categorized as ideal, intermediate, or poor using the American Heart Association's Life's Simple 7 definitions...
June 26, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643526/association-between-cotinine-verified-smoking-status-and-hypertension-in-167-868-korean-adults
#3
Byung Jin Kim, Ji Min Han, Jung Gyu Kang, Bum Soo Kim, Jin Ho Kang
PURPOSE: Previous studies showed inconsistent results concerning the relationship between chronic smoking and blood pressure. Most of the studies involved self-reported smoking status. This study was performed to evaluate the association of urinary cotinine or self-reported smoking status with hypertension and blood pressure in Korean adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Among individuals enrolled in the Kangbuk Samsung Health Study and Kangbuk Samsung Cohort Study, 167,868 participants (men, 55...
June 23, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634519/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-heart-failure-in-the-usa-nhanes-2013-2014-epidemiological-follow-up-study
#4
Saketram Komanduri, Yogesh Jadhao, Sai S Guduru, Pramil Cheriyath, Yijin Wert
Background: Heart Failure (HF) is a progressive epidemic associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. Self-reported data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) provides a unique representation of individuals suffering from HF. The purpose of this study is to analyze updated NHANES 2013-2014 data to identify any changes in the prevalence and current risk factors of HF, especially given the novel lifestyles and increased medical awareness of current generations. Methods: NHANES uses a multistage probability sampling design under the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)...
January 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633342/biomarker-calibrated-sodium-and-potassium-intake-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-among-postmenopausal-women
#5
Ross L Prentice, Ying Huang, Marian L Neuhouser, JoAnn E Manson, Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Fridtjof Thomas, Lesley F Tinker, Matthew Allison, Karen C Johnson, Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller, Arjun Seth, Jacques E Rossouw, James Shikany, Laura D Carbone, Lisa W Martin, Marcia L Stefanick, Bernhard Haring, Linda Van Horn
Studies of sodium and potassium intake and cardiovascular disease incidence often rely on self-reported dietary data. Here self-reported intakes from postmenopausal women at 40 participating U.S. clinical centers are calibrated using 24-hour urinary excretion measures in Women's Health Initiative cohorts, with follow-up over 1993-2010. Hypertension incidence related positively to (calibrated) sodium intake and to the ratio of sodium-to-potassium. The sodium-to-potassium ratio was associated with cardiovascular disease incidence during a 12-year average follow-up period...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630392/nighttime-snacking-is-associated-with-risk-of-obesity-and-hyperglycemia-in-adults-a-cross-sectional-survey-from-chinese-adult-teachers
#6
Liu Xiaoyang, Zheng Chunlin, Xu Cheng, Liu Qian, Wang Jin, Hong Yongzhi, Zhao Peng
Relationship between nighttime snack and human health conditions remains unclear. In this paper, we analyzed the association of frequency of nighttime snacking with obesity, hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia using a Chinese teacher cohort. The Chinese teacher study contains 22,176 of the general adult population operated on in 2015. Information of nighttime snacking frequency was acquired by questionnaire. Overweight and obesity outcome were assessed by body mass index (BMI), and hypertension; hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia were self-reported...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621751/geographic-variations-in-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-luxembourg
#7
Ala'a Alkerwi, Illiasse El Bahi, Saverio Stranges, Jean Beissel, Charles Delagardelle, Stephanie Noppe, Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and associated behavioural and metabolic risk factors constitute a major public health concern at a global level. Many reports worldwide have documented different risk profiles for populations with demographic variations. The objective of this study was to examine geographic variations in the top leading cardio metabolic and behavioural risk factors in Luxembourg, in order to provide an overall picture of CVD burden across the country. The analysis conducted was based on data from the nationwide ORISCAV-LUX survey, including 1432 subjects, aged 18-69 years...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611204/clinical-and-genome-wide-analysis-of-cisplatin-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-in-survivors-of-adult-onset-cancer
#8
M Eileen Dolan, Omar El Charif, Heather E Wheeler, Eric R Gamazon, Shirin Ardeshir-Rouhani-Fard, Patrick Monahan, Darren R Feldman, Robert Hamilton, David J Vaughn, Clair Beard, Chunkit Fung, Sophie D Fossa, Daniel L Hertz, Taisei Mushiroda, Michiaki Kubo, Lawrence H Einhorn, Nancy Cox, Lois Travis
Our purpose was to characterize the clinical influences, genetic risk factors, and gene mechanisms contributing to persistent cisplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy (CisIPN) in testicular cancer survivors (TCS).<br /><br />Experimental Design: <p>TCS given cisplatin-based therapy completed the validated EORTC QLQ-CIPN20 questionnaire. An ordinal CisIPN phenotype was derived and associations with age, smoking, excess drinking, hypertension, body mass index, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, cumulative cisplatin dose, and self-reported health were examined for 680 TCS...
June 13, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606686/adults-with-an-epilepsy-history-fare-significantly-worse-on-positive-mental-and-physical-health-than-adults-with-other-common-chronic-conditions-estimates-from-the-2010-national-health-interview-survey-and-patient-reported-outcome-measurement-system-promis
#9
Rosemarie Kobau, Wanjun Cui, Matthew M Zack
Healthy People 2020, a national health promotion initiative, calls for increasing the proportion of U.S. adults who self-report good or better health. The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Global Health Scale (GHS) was identified as a reliable and valid set of items of self-reported physical and mental health to monitor these two domains across the decade. The purpose of this study was to examine the percentage of adults with an epilepsy history who met the Healthy People 2020 target for self-reported good or better health and to compare these percentages to adults with history of other common chronic conditions...
June 9, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606493/patient-provider-relationship-as-mediator-between-adult-attachment-and-self-management-in-primary-care-patients-with-multiple-chronic-conditions
#10
Katja Brenk-Franz, Bernhard Strauß, Fabian Tiesler, Christian Fleischhauer, Nico Schneider, Jochen Gensichen
OBJECTIVE: The conceptual model of attachment theory has been applied to understand the predispositions of patients in medical care and the patient-provider relationship. In patients with chronic conditions insecure attachment was connected to poorer self-management. The patient-provider relationship is associated with a range of health related outcomes and self-management skills. We determined whether the quality of the patient-provider relationship mediates the link between adult attachment and self-management among primary care patients with multiple chronic diseases...
June 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591350/factors-associated-with-chronic-back-pain-in-adults-in-brazil
#11
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Max Moura de Oliveira, Silvânia Suely Caribé de Araújo Andrade, Waleska Teixeira Caiaffa, Maria de Fatima Marinho de Souza, Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal
OBJECTIVE: To identify associations of chronic back pain with sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyles, body mass index, self-reported chronic diseases and health assessment, according to sex. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2013 National Health Survey, estimated the prevalence and their respective 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) of chronic back pain, according to selected variables and performed adjustment by age and education. RESULTS: 18...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591347/factors-associated-with-self-reported-diabetes-according-to-the-2013-national-health-survey
#12
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal, Betine Pinto Moehlecke Iser, Célia Landmann Szwarcwald, Bruce Bartholow Duncan, Maria Inês Schmidt
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the factors associated with self-reported diabetes among adult participants of the National Health Survey (PNS). METHODS: Cross-sectional study using data of the PNS carried out in 2013, from interviews with adults (≥ 18 years) of 64,348 Brazilian households. The prevalence of self-reported diabetes, assessed by the question "Has a doctor ever told you that you have diabetes?," was related to sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle, self-reported chronic disease, and self-evaluation of the health condition...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587686/societal-perspective-on-cost-drivers-for-health-technology-assessment-in-sindh-pakistan
#13
Asif Raza Khowaja, Craig Mitton, Rahat Qureshi, Stirling Bryan, Laura A Magee, Peter von Dadelszen, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Understanding cost-drivers and estimating societal costs are important challenges for economic evaluation of health technologies in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). This study assessed community experiences of health resource usage and perceived cost-drivers from a societal perspective to inform the design of an economic model for the Community Level Interventions for Pre-eclampsia (CLIP) trials. METHODS: Qualitative research was undertaken alongside the CLIP trial in two districts of Sindh province, Pakistan...
June 7, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587609/hypertension-with-unsatisfactory-sleep-health-hush-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Jessica C Levenson, Bruce L Rollman, Lee M Ritterband, Patrick J Strollo, Kenneth J Smith, Jonathan G Yabes, Charity G Moore, Allison G Harvey, Daniel J Buysse
BACKGROUND: Insomnia is common in primary care medical practices. Although behavioral treatments for insomnia are safe, efficacious, and recommended in practice guidelines, they are not widely-available, and their effects on comorbid medical conditions remain uncertain. We are conducting a pragmatic clinical trial to test the efficacy of two cognitive behavioral treatments for insomnia (Brief Behavioral Treatment for Insomnia (BBTI) and Sleep Healthy Using the Internet (SHUTi)) versus an enhanced usual care condition (EUC)...
June 6, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583340/perceived-sexual-difficulties-and-sexual-counseling-in-men-and-women-across-heart-diagnoses-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#15
Lucas Rundblad, Ann Dorthe Zwisler, Pernille Palm Johansen, Teresa Holmberg, Nanna Schneekloth, Annamaria Giraldi
BACKGROUND: Ischemic heart disease and heart failure often lead to sexual difficulties in men, but little is known about the sexual difficulties in women and patients with other heart diagnoses or the level of information patients receive about the risk of sexual difficulties. AIM: To investigate perceived sexual difficulties and associated factors in a mixed population of men and women newly diagnosed with heart disease and provide insight into sexual counseling and information given by health care professionals...
June 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583324/association-of-general-and-central-obesity-with-hypertension
#16
Yuri Nurdiantami, Kumi Watanabe, Emiko Tanaka, Julianty Pradono, Tokie Anme
BACKGROUND & AIM: Hypertension as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease has growing prevalence. An increase in body weight is typically followed by an increase in blood pressure. This study aimed to investigate the association of general and central obesity with hypertension in Indonesian women using WHO and Indonesian classification systems. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of Indonesian women aged 18 years or and more (313,714 participants), using national level Indonesia National Basic Health Research (2013)...
May 18, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576612/evaluation-of-an-association-between-long-sleep-duration-and-periodontal-disease-among-men-and-women-using-nationally-representative-data
#17
Kyungdo Han, Yong-Moon Park, Jun-Beom Park
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between long sleep duration and periodontal disease among men and women using nationally representative data. METHODS: In this study, we performed a cross-sectional analysis and used multivariable logistic regression analysis models. We analysed data from 2012 through 2014 from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The analysis in this study was confined to a total of 14,675 respondents over 19 years of age...
May 30, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569115/associations-between-bicycling-for-transportation-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-among-minneapolis-saint-paul-area-commuters-a-cross-sectional-study-in-working-age-adults
#18
Aaron T Berger, Xinyi Lisa Qian, Mark A Pereira
PURPOSE: This study describes the association between frequency of bicycling for active transportation and modifiable cardiometabolic risk factors in the Minneapolis-Saint Paul (MSP) metropolitan area. DESIGN: We conducted an online survey from a convenience sample of likely bicycle commuters. SETTING: Participants were e-mailed invitations including a link to the online survey. PARTICIPANTS: Participants (n = 1450, 15...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551091/prevalence-awareness-treatment-and-control-of-hypertension-in-older-people-in-central-africa-the-epidemca-study
#19
Sophie Pilleron, Victor Aboyans, Pascal Mbelesso, Bébène Ndamba-Bandzouzi, Ileana Desormais, Philippe Lacroix, Pierre-Marie Preux, Maëlenn Guerchet
Hypertension represents a major global health burden. While older individuals of African descent are at higher risk of hypertension in western countries, epidemiologic data on hypertension in older native Africans are scarce. We assessed the prevalence and the level of awareness and control of hypertension among older adults in Central Africa. A total of 1990 individuals aged 65 years and older from the Republic of Congo and the Central African Republic participated into a cross-sectional population-based survey...
May 9, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532204/management-of-allergic-rhinitis-in-the-era-of-effective-over-the-counter-treatments
#20
Warner W Carr, Barbara P Yawn
Allergic rhinitis (AR) may be regarded as a trivial issue unworthy of the doctor's time, and with the availability of many different over-the-counter (OTC) treatments, up to two thirds of patients self-manage AR before seeking medical care. Yet, AR can have a significant impact on health-related quality of life and is associated with a greater detriment to work productivity than other chronic diseases such as diabetes and hypertension. For many patients, the impact on quality of life is greater than suggested by reported symptoms and should also be a focus of treatment...
June 9, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
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