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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449424/sex-differences-in-the-associations-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-with-epidemiologic-factors
#1
Tianyi Huang, Brian M Lin, Sarah C Markt, Meir J Stampfer, Francine Laden, Frank B Hu, Shelley S Tworoger, Susan Redline
Despite well-known male predominance in the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), sex differences in the associations between OSA and a comprehensive range of epidemiologic factors remain less clear.We examined the prevalence of self-reported OSA in 143 326 women (age: 48-93) from the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and NHSII and 22 896 men from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (age: 65-101) in 2012-2013. Multivariable logistic regression was used to estimate the sex-specific prevalence odds ratios (pOR) and 95% CIs of OSA by demographic, anthropometric, lifestyle and co-morbidity factors...
February 15, 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442307/hypertension-prevalence-and-living-conditions-related-to-air-pollution-results-of-a-national-epidemiological-study-in-lebanon
#2
Pascale Salameh, Mirna Chahine, Souheil Hallit, Rita Farah, Rouba Karen Zeidan, Roland Asmar, Hassan Hosseiny
Hypertension is a risk factor of several diseases, linked to high mortality and morbidity, particularly in developing countries. Some studies have linked indoor and outdoor pollution exposure items to hypertension, but results were inconsistent. Our objective was to assess the association of living conditions related to air pollution to hypertension in Lebanon, a Middle Eastern country. A national cross-sectional study was conducted all over Lebanon. Blood pressure and its related medications were assessed to be able to classify participants as hypertensive or not...
February 13, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433955/awareness-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-u-s-young-adults-aged-18-39-years
#3
Emily M Bucholz, Holly C Gooding, Sarah D de Ferranti
INTRODUCTION: Young adults with hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and diabetes are at increased risk of developing heart disease later in life. Despite emphasis on early screening, little is known about awareness of these risk factors in young adulthood. METHODS: Data from the nationally representative cross-sectional National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2014 were analyzed in 2017 to estimate the prevalence of self-reported awareness of hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, and diabetes in U...
February 9, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433517/quality-of-life-of-patients-with-first-time-ami-a-descriptive-study
#4
Mandreker Bahall, Katija Khan
BACKGROUND: Outcomes following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) may result in death, increased morbidity, and change in quality of life (QOL). This study explores health-related QOL of first-time patients following AMI. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used a sample of patients with first-time AMI experienced between April 2011 and March 2015 at a tertiary health institution. Recruited patients belonged to different post-AMI periods: 2-10 weeks, 5-22 months, and > 22 months to 4 years post AMI...
February 13, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412330/contribution-of-chronic-diseases-to-the-prevalence-of-disability-in-basic-and-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-in-elderly-brazilians-the-national-health-survey-2013
#5
Antônio Macêdo Costa Filho, Juliana Vaz de Melo Mambrini, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Maria Fernanda Lima-Costa, Sérgio Viana Peixoto
This study's objective was to assess the contribution of selected chronic diseases to the prevalence of disability in elderly Brazilians, based on data from the National Health Survey (PNS 2013). Disability was defined as some degree of difficulty in performing ten activities, considering three levels: (i) without disability; (ii) disabled only in some instrumental activity of daily living (IADL); and (iii) disabled in some basic activity of daily living (BADL). The multinomial additive hazards model was the attribution method used to assess the contribution of each self-reported chronic condition (hypertension, diabetes, arthritis, stroke, depression, heart disease, and lung disease) to the prevalence of disability in this population, stratified by sex and age bracket (60 to 74 years and 75 or older)...
February 5, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411252/the-fertility-management-experiences-of-australian-women-with-a-non-communicable-chronic-disease-findings-from-the-understanding-fertility-management-in-contemporary-australia-survey
#6
Sara Holton, Aberaami Thananjeyan, Heather Rowe, Maggie Kirkman, Lynne Jordan, Kathleen McNamee, Christine Bayly, John McBain, Vikki Sinnott, Jane Fisher
Introduction Despite the considerable and increasing proportion of women of reproductive age with a chronic non-communicable disease (NCD) and the potential adverse implications of many NCDs for childbearing, little is known about the fertility management experiences of women with an NCD, including their contraceptive use, pregnancy experiences and outcomes, and reproductive health care utilisation. The aim of this study was to investigate the fertility management experiences of women with an NCD and draw comparisons with women without an NCD...
February 6, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407731/evaluating-health-related-quality-of-life-impact-of-chronic-conditions-among-older-adults-from-a-rural-town-in-suzhou-china
#7
Chen-Wei Pan, Xiao-Ling Cong, Hui-Jun Zhou, Xing-Zhi Wang, Hong-Peng Sun, Yong Xu, Pei Wang
This study aimed to estimate the loss of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) associated with common chronic conditions in older Chinese population.Weitang Geriatric Diseases Study is a community-based health survey on 5557 Chinese aged 60 years or older. The study population was measured with EQ-5D-3L for HRQOL assessment. We also assessed the coexisting chronic conditions of depression, cognitive dysfunction, stroke, heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, obesity, hyperlipidemia and visual impairment based on self-completed questionnaires, biomarkers and medical records...
February 2, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399756/cardiovascular-risk-assessment-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-and-lung-function-parameters
#8
Maciej Polak, Agnieszka Doryńska, Krystyna Szafraniec, Andrzej Pająk
BACKGROUND: Decreased lung function is related to higher cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence and mortality. However, little is known about the relationship between the risk factors of CVD and pulmonary function. AIM: To assess the relationship between the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, the total CVD risk and pulmonary function. METHODS: The analysis included 4,104 men and women in the age range of 45-69 years, participants of the Polish part of the HAPIEE Project (Health,Alcohol andPsychosocial factorsInEasternEurope), who provided valid measurements of 1s forced expiratory volume (FEV₁) and forced vital capacity (FVC) using Micro-Medical Microplus spirometer...
February 5, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398568/association-between-diet-quality-scores-and-risk-of-hip-fracture-in-postmenopausal-women-and-men-aged-50-years-and-older
#9
Teresa T Fung, Haakon E Meyer, Walter C Willett, Diane Feskanich
BACKGROUND: Although a number of studies showed a lower risk of hip fractures with high-quality diets, few of them were conducted in the United States. OBJECTIVE: This prospective analysis examined the association between several diet quality indexes and risk of hip fractures in US men and women. DESIGN: This is a prospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: The participants were 74,446 postmenopausal women from the Nurses' Health Study and 36,602 men aged 50 years and older from the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study in the United States...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393920/residents-self-reported-health-effects-and-annoyance-in-relation-to-air-pollution-exposure-in-an-industrial-area-in-eastern-estonia
#10
Hans Orru, Jane Idavain, Mihkel Pindus, Kati Orru, Kaisa Kesanurm, Aavo Lang, Jelena Tomasova
Eastern Estonia has large oil shale mines and industrial facilities mainly focused on electricity generation from oil shale and shale oil extraction, which produce high air pollution emissions. The "Study of the health impact of the oil shale sector-SOHOS" was aimed at identifying the impacts on residents' health and annoyance due to the industrial processing. First, a population-wide survey about health effects and annoyance was carried out. Second, the total and oil shale sectors' emitted concentrations of benzene, phenol, and PM2...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390106/does-provider-advice-to-increase-physical-activity-differ-by-activity-level-among-us-adults-with-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors
#11
Meera Sreedhara, Valerie J Silfee, Milagros C Rosal, Molly E Waring, Stephenie C Lemon
Background: Regular physical activity (PA) lowers the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), but few US adults meet PA guidelines. The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends primary care providers offer PA counselling for CVD prevention. We examined the association between adherence to PA guidelines and reported provider advice to increase PA among US adults with overweight/obesity and ≥1 additional CVD risk factor. Methods: Cross-sectional data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2011-2014) on PA and provider advice to increase PA were analysed for 4158 adults (≥20 years old) with overweight/obesity who reported ≥1 of hypertension, high cholesterol or impaired fasting glucose...
January 30, 2018: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384594/prevalence-and-correlates-of-depressive-symptoms-in-older-adults-across-the-glycaemic-spectrum-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-aric-study
#12
A M Rawlings, A R Sharrett, S H Golden, B G Windham, E Selvin
AIMS: To document the prevalence of current depressive symptoms and history of depression across the glycaemic spectrum in older adults, and examine if measures of health status and healthcare satisfaction, access and utilization explain differences in the prevalence of current depressive symptoms by diabetes status. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 6226 participants aged 67-90 years who attended the 2011-2013 visit of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study...
January 31, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381666/effects-of-oral-conjugated-equine-estrogens-with-or-without-medroxyprogesterone-acetate-on-incident-hypertension-in-the-women-s-health-initiative-hormone-therapy-trials
#13
Yael Swica, Michelle P Warren, JoAnn E Manson, Aaron K Aragaki, Shari S Bassuk, Daichi Shimbo, Andrew Kaunitz, Jacques Rossouw, Marcia L Stefanick, Catherine R Womack
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine the effect of menopausal hormone therapy on incident hypertension in the two Women's Health Initiative hormone therapy trials and in extended postintervention follow-up. METHODS: A total of 27,347 postmenopausal women aged 50 to 79 years were enrolled at 40 US centers. This analysis includes the subsample of 18,015 women who did not report hypertension at baseline and were not taking antihypertensive medication. Women with an intact uterus received conjugated equine estrogens (CEE; 0...
January 29, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370171/the-complex-scenario-of-obesity-diabetes-and-hypertension-in-the-area-of-influence-of-primary-healthcare-facilities-in-mexico
#14
J E Alcalde-Rabanal, E Orozco-Núñez, O E Espinosa-Henao, A Arredondo-López, L Alcayde-Barranco
INTRODUCTION: Among non-communicable chronic diseases (NCCD), diabetes and hypertension are the main cause of adult mortality worldwide. Among the members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Mexico is first in prevalence of diabetes and second in obesity. To face this problematic situation of NCCDs the Ministry of Health declared a national epidemiological alert against the overweight, obesity and diabetes. The target of this study is to characterize the status of obesity, diabetes and hypertension in the adult population in the area of influence of primary health facilities located in high social marginality areas...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362603/the-palm-heart-diameter-a-prospective-simple-screening-tool-for-identifying-heart-enlargement
#15
Adegbenro Omotuyi John Fakoya, David Adeiza Otohinoyi, Terrence Marcelle, Joshua Yusuf
BACKGROUND: Several speculations have linked the size of the fist to be equal to the size of the heart. However, the substantial scientific report still lacks to support this theory. AIM: This study aims to provide the validity of the fist-heart assumption by correlating the palm and heart diameters while benchmarking it as a reference tool for determining the normal heart size. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Volunteers from the public were recruited during a health fair organised by the school...
December 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361430/association-between-hypertension-in-adolescents-and-the-health-risk-factors-of-their-parents-an-epidemiological-family-study
#16
Diego Giulliano Destro Christofaro, Arthur E Mesas, Raphael M Ritti Dias, Rômulo A Fernandes, Bruna T C Saraiva, Mariana R Palma, Diego A S Silva, Selma M de Andrade
Hypertension in adolescence may be a predictor of cardiovascular problems in adulthood. Therefore, verification of the factors associated with this condition in adolescence is important. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between hypertension in adolescents with hypertension and the sociodemographic characteristics and lifestyle of their parents. This study was conducted on 1231 adolescents, 1202 mothers, and 871 fathers. The blood pressure of the adolescents was measured with an oscillometric device...
January 2, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360293/the-relationship-between-depression-and-periodontal-diseases
#17
S H Hwang, S G Park
OBJECTIVE: A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate whether depression is associated with periodontal diseases in a representative sample of South Korean adults Methods: We used data from the sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES VI), conducted in 2014. We included in this study 4328 participants aged over 20 years (1768 males and 2560 females). Depression was assessed with the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and history of physician-diagnosed depression...
November 24, 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356440/adherence-and-medication-belief-in-patients-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-or-chronic-thromboembolic-pulmonary-hypertension-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-survey
#18
Bodil Ivarsson, Roger Hesselstrand, Göran Rådegran, Barbro Kjellström
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) are rare diseases with a gradual decline in physical health. Adherence to treatment is crucial in these very symptomatic and life threatening diseases. OBJECTIVE: To describe PAH and CTEPH patients experience of their self-reported medication adherence, beliefs about medicines and information about treatment. METHODS: A quantitative, descriptive, national cohort survey that included adult patients from all PAH-centres in Sweden...
January 22, 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346340/disparities-in-preconception-health-indicators-%C3%A2-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-2013-2015-and-pregnancy-risk-assessment-monitoring-system-2013-2014
#19
Cheryl Robbins, Sheree L Boulet, Isabel Morgan, Denise V D'Angelo, Lauren B Zapata, Brian Morrow, Andrea Sharma, Charlan D Kroelinger
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Preconception health is a broad term that encompasses the overall health of nonpregnant women during their reproductive years (defined here as aged 18-44 years). Improvement of both birth outcomes and the woman's health occurs when preconception health is optimized. Improving preconception health before and between pregnancies is critical for reducing maternal and infant mortality and pregnancy-related complications. The National Preconception Health and Health Care Initiative's Surveillance and Research work group suggests ten prioritized indicators that states can use to monitor programs or activities for improving the preconception health status of women of reproductive age...
January 19, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343156/patient-contributions-during-primary-care-consultations-for-hypertension-after-self-reporting-via-a-mobile-phone-self-management-support-system
#20
Ulrika Bengtsson, Karin Kjellgren, Inger Hallberg, Mona Lundin, Åsa Mäkitalo
OBJECTIVE: This paper reports on how the clinical consultation in primary care is performed under the new premises of patients' daily self-reporting and self-generation of data. The aim was to explore and describe the structure, topic initiation and patients' contributions in follow-up consultations after eight weeks of self-reporting through a mobile phone-based hypertension self-management support system. DESIGN: A qualitative, explorative study design was used, examining 20 audio- (n = 10) and video-recorded (n = 10) follow-up consultations in primary care hypertension management, through interaction analysis...
January 18, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
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