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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238600/morbidity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-of-patients-accessing-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-single-centre-cross-sectional-study-in-one-province-of-canada
#1
Laurie K Twells, Shannon Driscoll, Deborah M Gregory, Kendra Lester, John M Fardy, Dave Pace
Background: In Canada, severe obesity (BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2) affects 5% or 1.2 million adults. Bariatric surgery is the only effective treatment for severe obesity, but the demand for publicly funded procedures is high and capacity limited. Little is known in Canada about the types of patients undergoing these procedures, especially laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). The study objective is to examine the socio-demographic profile, morbidity and HRQoL of patients accessing LSG in one Canadian province...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232280/accuracy-of-self-reported-hypertension-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Vivian S S Gonçalves, Keitty R C Andrade, Kenia M B Carvalho, Marcus T Silva, Mauricio G Pereira, Tais F Galvao
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the sensitivity and specificity of self-reported hypertension (HTN) as compared with the clinical diagnosis in epidemiological studies. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS, Google Scholar, and ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global: Health & Medicine databases. In addition, we screened the references' lists of relevant reports to identify potentially eligible articles. There were no date or language restrictions...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228048/trends-in-the-management-levels-of-metabolic-risk-factors-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-1998-2014
#3
Sukyung Cho, Haeun Jang, Kyong Park
The present study examined the temporal trends in the management of blood pressure, glucose, and lipid levels among middle-aged and elderly patients with type 2 diabetes using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1998-2014). A total of 3,689 patients with diabetes were included and divided into middle-aged (30-64 years old) and elderly (≥65 years old) groups. Demographic and lifestyle data were obtained using a self-reported questionnaire, and trained medical staff obtained fasting blood samples and blood pressure data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224691/musculoskeletal-health-conditions-among-older-populations-in-urban-slums-in-sub-saharan-africa
#4
REVIEW
Isabella Aboderin, Agnes Nanyonjo
BACKGROUND: Debate on the burden of musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions in lower and middle income countries is intensifying; yet, little knowledge so far exists on patterns and impacts of such conditions among general or older adult populations in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The objectives of this study are to examine the prevalence, potential predictors, and sequelae of MSK among older adults residing in two low resource informal urban settlements or "slums" in Nairobi Kenya. METHODS: Data on older adults aged 60 years and over from two unrelated cross-sectional surveys on the older slum populations are used: a 2006/7 survey on the social, health, and overall well-being of older people (sample N = 831), and a 2016 survey on realities and impacts of long-term care and social protection for older adults (sample n = 1026)...
April 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221515/socioeconomic-disparities-in-the-prevalence-of-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-ghanaian-women
#5
Jeffrey Boakye, Danielle Mensah, Swati Sakhuja, Pauline E Jolly, Tomi Akinyemiju
BACKGROUND: Recent trends toward urbanization in developing countries like Ghana, coupled with nutritional transition and aging populations, have led to a rapid increase in the prevalence of noncommunicable diseases such as obesity, diabetes, and hypertension. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between socioeconomic status and cardiometabolic risk factors among women in Ghana. METHODS: Data for this analysis were obtained from Wave 1 of the Ghana Study of Global Aging and Health, conducted in 2007, and included women 18 years and older...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221473/prevalence-of-somatic-and-urogenital-symptoms-as-well-as-psychological-health-in-women-aged-45-to-55-attending-primary-health-care-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Lena Rindner, Gunilla Strömme, Lena Nordeman, Margareta Wigren, Dominique Hange, Ronny Gunnarsson, Gun Rembeck
BACKGROUND: Women's physical and mental ill-health such as stress-related symptoms, depression, pain, hypertension and urogenital health shows a marked increase around the ages 45-55 years. These women are an important group for Primary Health Care (PHC) due to their prevalent symptoms and illnesses. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of somatic, psychological and urogenital symptoms in women aged 45-55 attending PHC and evaluate factors associated with severe symptoms...
December 8, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221456/effect-of-multimorbidity-on-quality-of-life-in-adult-with-cardiovascular-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Bijan Shad, Asieh Ashouri, Tolou Hasandokht, Fatemeh Rajati, Arsalan Salari, Moona Naghshbandi, Fardin Mirbolouk
BACKGROUND: The aim of present study was to describe the effect of multimorbidity on Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: A cross-sectional study with a simple sampling method of 296 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery in a referral hospital of the northern part of Iran was conducted between April, 2015 and September, 2016. Multimorbidity was defined as the presence of at least two chronic diseases based on self-reporting and medical records...
December 8, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214834/source-and-size-of-social-support-network-on-sedentary-behavior-among-older-adults
#8
Paul D Loprinzi, Elizabeth A Crush
PURPOSE: To examine the association of source of social support and size of social support network on sedentary behavior among older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003 to 2006. PARTICIPANTS: 2519 older adults (60+ years). MEASURES: Sedentary behavior was assessed via accelerometry over a 7-day period. Social support was assessed via self-report...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213491/prevalence-of-functional-cognitive-impairment-and-associated-factors-in-brazilian-community-dwelling-older-adults
#9
Andréa Silva Gondim, João Macedo Coelho Filho, Alexandre de Andrade Cavalcanti, Jarbas de Sá Roriz Filho, Charlys Barbosa Nogueira, Arnaldo Aires Peixoto Junior, José Wellington de Oliveira Lima
The identification of the prevalence of cognitive impairment and associated factors among older adults is important in countries facing rapid demographic transition, given the significant implications for public policy and health planning. Objective: To determine the prevalence of functional cognitive impairment (FCI) and associated factors in Brazilian community-dwelling older adults. Methods: A cross-sectional study involving 461 elderly subjects residing in Fortaleza city, Ceará was conducted...
January 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211507/association-of-shiftwork-and-leukocytes-among-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-respondents
#10
Megan R Buss, Michael D Wirth, James B Burch
Shift workers may experience disrupted sleep-wake or circadian cycles which, in turn, may lead to major health problems such as hypertension, obesity, and diabetes. Research indicates that shift workers have increased levels of leukocytes. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2005-2010) examined the relationship between self-reported current shiftwork and leukocytes with adjustment for important confounders. Using linear regression, we found no association between shiftwork and leukocyte counts...
December 6, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211209/risk-and-protection-factors-for-self-reported-hypertension-and-diabetes-in-jo%C3%A3-o-pessoa-brazil-the-vigitel-survey-2014-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Ana Paula Leite Moreira, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Rodrigo Pinheiro de Toledo Vianna, Patrícia Vasconcelos Leitão Moreira, Alice Teles de Carvalho
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Chronic diseases are the main cause of death among adults and are responsible for most outpatient and hospital care expenses in Brazil. The objective here was to determine the prevalence of hypertension and diabetes and to analyze the associations with risk and protection factors among adults. DESIGN AND LOCAL: Cross-sectional study in a state capital in northeastern Brazil. METHODS: Data on adults of both sexes aged ≥ 45 years who were interviewed in the Vigitel telephone survey in 2014 were analyzed...
September 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211038/prevalence-of-self-reported-diagnosed-cataract-and-associated-risk-factors-among-elderly-south-africans
#12
Nancy Phaswana-Mafuya, Karl Peltzer, Amelia Crampin, Edmund Ahame, Zinhle Sokhela
This paper estimates the prevalence of self-reported cataract and associated risk factors among individuals aged ≥50 years in South Africa. Data from a nationally-representative cross-sectional Study on Global AGEing and Adult Health (SAGE) (N = 3646) conducted in South Africa from 2007-2008 was analyzed. The primary outcome was self-reported cataract, and exposures included socio-demographics, self-reported co-morbidities, and behavioral factors. Linearized multivariate logistic regression models were used...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204805/the-epidemiology-of-depressive-symptoms-and-poor-sleep-findings-from-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing-elsa
#13
Lydia Poole, Marta Jackowska
PURPOSE: The reasons for the comorbidity between depressed mood and poor sleep are not well understood. METHOD: Participants were 5172 adults aged 50 years and older from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Sleep was measured via self-report and depressive symptoms using the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale. RESULTS: Greater depressive symptoms and sleep complaints were associated with female sex, non-cohabitation, relative poverty, smoking, infrequent physical activity, infrequent alcohol consumption, higher body mass index (BMI), diagnosis of hypertension, coronary heart disease, diabetes/high blood glucose, pulmonary disease, arthritis, and higher levels of fibrinogen and C-reactive protein (all p < 0...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188384/long-term-effects-of-complications-and-vascular-comorbidity-in-idiopathic-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus-a-quality-registry-study
#14
Kerstin Andrén, Carsten Wikkelsö, Nina Sundström, Simon Agerskov, Hanna Israelsson, Katarina Laurell, Per Hellström, Mats Tullberg
BACKGROUND: There is little knowledge about the factors influencing the long-term outcome after surgery for idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of reoperation due to complications and of vascular comorbidity (hypertension, diabetes, stroke and heart disease) on the outcome in iNPH patients, 2-6 years after shunt surgery. METHODS: We included 979 patients from the Swedish Hydrocephalus Quality Registry (SHQR), operated on for iNPH during 2004-2011...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186142/breastfeeding-and-maternal-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#15
Binh Nguyen, Kai Jin, Ding Ding
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence that breastfeeding has short- and long-term cardiovascular health benefits for mothers. The objectives of this systematic review were to examine the association between breastfeeding and maternal cardiovascular risk factors and outcomes that have not previously been synthesized systematically, including metabolic syndrome, hypertension and cardiovascular disease. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This systematic review meets PRISMA guidelines...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181516/measuring-adherence-and-outcomes-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#16
Jing Hao, James Pitcavage, J B Jones, Carl Hoegerl, Jove Graham
Context: Both adherence and outcomes are more difficult to measure in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) than in patients with diseases such as hypertension, for which most medications are taken orally and surrogate outcomes (eg, blood pressure) are routinely collected. Objectives: To characterize the adherence and outcomes of patients with MS within a large integrated health system and to assess the relationship between adherence and outcomes. Study Design: Retrospective review of adherence and health care utilization outcomes via electronic health records and claims (2004-2013) combined with a prospective survey regarding adherence and functional outcomes (2012-2013)...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166247/does-sodium-knowledge-affect-dietary-choices-and-health-behaviors-results-from-a-survey-of-los-angeles-county-residents
#17
George Dewey, Ranjana N Wickramasekaran, Tony Kuo, Brenda Robles
INTRODUCTION: In 2010, the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health launched a local sodium-reduction initiative to address the rising prevalence of high blood pressure (hypertension) and related cardiovascular conditions in the population. To inform this effort, we evaluated self-reported knowledge and health behaviors related to sodium intake among Los Angeles County residents. METHODS: We administered 3 cross-sectional Internet panel surveys on knowledge about dietary sodium to a sample of Los Angeles County adults, at intervals from December 2014 through August 2016...
November 22, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164939/using-cbpr-to-decrease-health-disparities-in-a-suburban-latino-neighborhood
#18
Maren J Coffman, Brisa Urquieta de Hernandez, Heather A Smith, Andrew McWilliams, Yhenneko J Taylor, Hazel Tapp, Johanna Claire Schuch, Owen Furuseth, Michael Dulin
INTRODUCTION: This project tested the feasibility of using a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach to deliver health and social resources in two high-risk, suburban neighborhoods. METHOD: An established research network was used to engage stakeholders to design and deliver a neighborhood-based intervention targeting a Latino immigrant population. The intervention provided screenings for hypertension, diabetes, and depression; primary care provider visits; and information about navigating health care delivery systems and related community-based resources...
September 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160451/main-characteristics-of-patients-of-primary-health-care-services-in-brazil
#19
Ione Aquemi Guibu, José Cássio de Moraes, Augusto Afonso Guerra, Ediná Alves Costa, Francisco de Assis Acurcio, Karen Sarmento Costa, Margô Gomes de Oliveira Karnikowski, Orlando Mario Soeiro, Silvana Nair Leite, Juliana Álvares
OBJECTIVE: To characterize patients of primary health care services according to demographic and socioeconomic aspects, habits and lifestyle, health condition, and demand for health services and medicines. METHODS: This study is part of the Pesquisa Nacional sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos - Serviços (PNAUM - National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines - Services), a cross-sectional study carried out between 2014 and 2015...
November 13, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153123/healthcare-access-among-young-adults-impact-of-the-affordable-care-act-on-young-adults-with-hypertension
#20
Jing Fang, Guijing Wang, Carma Ayala, Salvatore J Lucido, Fleetwood Loustalot
INTRODUCTION: The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act provision implemented policies to improve coverage for young adults. It is not known if it affected access to care among young adults with hypertension. METHODS: National Health Interview Survey data from 2006 to 2009 and 2011 to 2014 were used. Young adults aged 19-25 years were assessed for potential barriers to access to health care. The authors compared the percentage of each indicator of barriers to access to health care among young adults in general, as well as those with hypertension in the two time periods and estimated the AOR...
December 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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