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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525536/independent-and-differential-effects-of-obesity-and-hypertension-on-cognitive-and-functional-abilities
#1
Robert P Fellows, Maureen Schmitter-Edgecombe
Objective: The primary aim of this study was to identify the independent and differential associations of obesity and hypertension with cognitive, physical, and directly observed functional abilities among middle age and older adults. Method: Participants were 119 adults between the ages of 51 and 89, who underwent a cross-sectional assessment of cognitive, physical, functional and relevant health-related variables. Results: Obesity predicted significantly poorer executive functions (β = -...
May 19, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525444/cardiovascular-disease-risk-profile-and-readiness-to-change-in-blue-and-white-collar-workers
#2
Kerith D Aginsky, Demitri Constantinou, Maretha Delport, Estelle D Watson
This study provides a health and risk profile of blue- (BCWs) and white-collar workers (WCWs). Health screening data (n = 603; age 38.2 ± 9.7 years) included cholesterol and glucose finger-prick test, blood pressure, body mass index, and self-reported stress levels and readiness to change. Blue-collar workers were significantly older and had higher blood pressure readings and were more likely to develop hypertension (odds ratio [OR]: 1.72; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.05-2.81; P = .03), but less likely to present with hypercholesterolemia (OR: 0...
July 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524715/prevalence-of-age-related-macular-degeneration-in-slovakia-and-associated-risk-factors-a-mobile-clinic-based-cross-sectional-epidemiological-survey
#3
Vladimir Krasnik, Jana Stefanickova, Ivajlo Popov, Jela Valaskova, Sandeep Saxena, Peter Kruzliak
PURPOSE: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is one of the leading causes of blindness in the elderly population. Although there are prevalence studies for AMD in Europe, data are scarce for the Slovakian population. METHODS: This was a prospective, multicenter, non-interventional, mobile clinic-based cross-sectional study that assessed age-specific prevalence of AMD in the Slovakian population and risk factors associated with AMD. The type of AMD was graded based on the international age-related maculopathy grading system; optical coherence tomography (OCT) was used for the differential diagnosis...
May 19, 2017: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516452/correlation-between-socioeconomic-status-and-atopic-dermatitis-in-korean-adults-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2007-2014
#4
J S Lee, J M Kim, J Seok, B J Kim
INTRODUCTION: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is one of the most common allergic diseases. Its prevalence has been increasing in recent decades. Social economic status is well-known risk factor of allergic diseases. OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to investigate the relationship between social economic status and AD in Korean adults. METHODS: Data were acquired from 47,351 men and women, ≥19 years of age who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES) conducted from 2007 to 2014...
May 18, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513791/the-prevalence-of-diabetes-mellitus-and-its-associated-factors-in-the-brazilian-adult-population-evidence-from-a-population-based-survey
#5
Luisa Sorio Flor, Monica Rodrigues Campos
Objective: To estimate the prevalence of self-reported diabetes mellitus (DM) and its associated factors among the Brazilian adult population. Methods: The prevalence of DM was assessed in the Survey on Social Dimensions of Inequalities, a national survey with macro-regions representativeness carried out in 2008. Data were collected by a personal face-to-face interview with 12,423 individuals of both sexes, aged over 20 years. The χ2 test at 5.0% was performed in order to identify associated factors, and logistic regression was used to estimate adjusted odds ratios...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508013/self-reported-diagnosis-of-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes-and-lifestyle-change-among-uninsured-primary-care-patients
#6
Shannon Weaver, Jeanie Ashby, Akiko Kamimura
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to examine self-reported diagnosis of type 1 and type 2 diabetes and lifestyle change among uninsured primary care patients utilizing a free clinic. METHODS: Free clinic patients participated in a self-administered survey in May and June 2016. Patients with the following self-reported diagnoses were analyzed: type 2 diabetes only (n = 84), and type 1 diabetes only or both (n = 43). RESULTS: Participants who reported having type 2 diabetes only and/or were patients of the diabetes clinic were less likely to have modified diet and/or physical activity to manage diabetes compared to those with type 1 diabetes and/or those who were not patients of the diabetes clinic...
January 2017: Health Services Research and Managerial Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493736/promoting-mental-health-recovery-and-improving-clinical-assessment-using-video-technology
#7
Daniel W Bradford, Gary Cuddeback, Eric B Elbogen
TOPIC: Although individuals with medical problems (e.g., diabetes, hypertension) can monitor their symptoms using objective measures (e.g., blood glucose, blood pressure), objective measures are not typically used by individuals with psychotic disorders to monitor symptoms of mental illness. PURPOSE: To examine the benefits and limitations of the use of video self-observation for treatment of individuals with psychotic disorders. SOURCES USED: The authors reviewed studies examining video self-observation among individuals with severe mental illnesses...
May 11, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491944/data-on-cardiovascular-and-pulmonary-diseases-among-smokers-of-menthol-and-non-menthol-cigarettes-compiled-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes-1999-2012
#8
Cynthia Van Landingham, William Fuller, Greg Mariano, Kristin Marano, Geoffrey Curtin, Sandra I Sulsky
This Data in Brief contains results from three different survey logistic regression models comparing risks of self-reported diagnoses of cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases among smokers of menthol and non-menthol cigarettes. Analyses employ data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) cycles administered between 1999 and 2012, combined and in subsets. Raw data may be downloaded from the National Center for Health Statistics. Results were not much affected by which covariates were included in the models, but depended strongly on the NHANES cycles included in the analysis...
June 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483025/factors-associated-with-self-reported-two-week-morbidity-rates-in-jilin-province-during-2008-2013
#9
Ru Zheng, Ying Wang, Qiuyan Wang, Qijun Zhang, Xinglin Feng
Objective To examine the two-week morbidity rates and the associated factors among the residents of Jilin province and to learn the health services needs among residents before and after new health care reform and provide basis for the establishment of health planning. Methods We used the data from the National Health Services Survey of Jilin from 2008 to 2013,with a total sample size of 29 495. Descriptive analyses were performed to analyze two-week morbidity rates,and Logistic regression was employed to explore the associated factors...
April 20, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479968/self-reported-factors-associated-with-engagement-in-moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-among-elderly-people-a-population-based-study
#10
Ramin Shiraly, Zahra Shayan, Vahid Keshtkar, Mehdi Hamed
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) typically decreases with aging, especially of moderate to vigorous level, and this change affects health outcomes of older adults. Age-related decline is not evenly distributed across elderly population and is attributed to psychosocial, physical, and environmental determinants. METHODS: We selected a sample of 1000 elderly people from urban parts of Shiraz in Southern Iran with a two-stage random sampling procedure. Self-reported PA data and correlates of moderate to vigorous activity were collected by interview with the respondents from selected households...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474301/risk-score-model-of-type-2-diabetes-prediction-for-rural-chinese-adults-the-rural-deqing-cohort-study
#11
X Chen, Z Wu, Y Chen, X Wang, J Zhu, N Wang, Q Jiang, C Fu
OBJECTIVE: Risk score (RS) model is a cost-effective tool to identify adults who are at high risk for diabetes. This study was to develop an RS model of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) prediction specifically for rural Chinese adults. METHODS: A prospective whole cohort study (n = 28,251) and a sub-cohort study (n = 3043) were conducted from 2006-2014 and 2006-2008 to 2015 in rural Deqing, China. All participants were free of T2DM at baseline. Incident T2DM cases were identified through electronic health records, self-reported and fasting plasma glucose testing for the sub-cohort, respectively...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472859/lifestyle-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#12
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Nisreen A Alwan, Jane West, Stephen Brown, Christopher Jd McKinlay, Diane Farrar, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes (GDM) is glucose intolerance, first recognised in pregnancy and usually resolving after birth. GDM is associated with both short- and long-term adverse effects for the mother and her infant. Lifestyle interventions are the primary therapeutic strategy for many women with GDM. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of combined lifestyle interventions with or without pharmacotherapy in treating women with gestational diabetes. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (14 May 2016), ClinicalTrials...
May 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468783/association-between-self-reported-potentially-modifiable-cardiac-risk-factors-and-perceived-need-to-improve-physical-health-a-population-based-study
#13
F Daniel Ramirez, Yue Chen, Pietro Di Santo, Trevor Simard, Pouya Motazedian, Benjamin Hibbert
BACKGROUND: An individual's perceived need to improve their physical health (PNIPH) is an essential precursor to adopting healthy behaviors. Nine potentially modifiable risk factors (PMRFs) for myocardial infarction collectively account for ≥90% of the population attributable risk. Though widely recognized, their impact on individuals' health perceptions is unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: Residents from 6 provinces were administered a module on changes to improve health as part of the 2011-2012 Canadian Community Health Survey, yielding relevant data for 8 of the 9 PMRFs sought...
May 3, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465611/parental-optimism-about-childhood-obesity-related-disease-risks
#14
D R Wright, P Lozano, E Dawson-Hahn, D A Christakis, W Haaland, A Basu
OBJECTIVES: Most parents believe childhood obesity is a problem for society, but not for their own children. We sought to understand whether parents' risk assessment was skewed by optimism, the tendency to overestimate one's chances of experiencing positive events. METHODS: We administered a national web-based survey to 502 parents of 5-12 year old children. Parents reported the chances that (a) their child and (b) 'a typical child in their community' would be overweight or obese, and develop hypertension, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and depression in adulthood...
May 3, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464696/an-epidemiological-study-of-population-health-reveals-social-smoking-as-a-major-cardiovascular-risk-factor
#15
Kate Sustersic Gawlik, Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk, Alai Tan
PURPOSE: To present nationally representative data on the prevalence of "social" smoking and its relationship to cardiovascular health. DESIGN: A population-based, cross-sectional survey on cardiovascular health and its risk factors across the United States. SETTING: Million Hearts(®) cardiovascular screenings that took place in community settings. PARTICIPANTS: De-identified data were collected on a convenient sample of 39, 555 participants...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462861/long-term-exercise-adherence-after-public-health-training-in-at-risk-adults
#16
Trine Gro Riktrup Hansen Saida, Tina Juul Sørensen, Henning Langberg
OBJECTIVES: Sustainment of healthy exercise behavior is essential in preventing cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Few studies have explored long-term exercise adherence after an exercise referral scheme. The objective of this study was to examine 12-month exercise adherence after an exercise intervention program. METHODS: This was a pragmatic follow-up study in at-risk people performed between June 2012 and January 2014. The main outcome measure was self-reported single-item exercise adherence...
April 24, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457074/nephrolithiasis-in-israel-epidemiological-characteristics-of-return-patients-in-a-tertiary-care-center
#17
Yasmin Abu-Ghanem, Nir Kleinmann, Harry Z Winkler, Dorit E Zilberman
BACKGROUND: The prevalence and etiology of nephrolithiasis vary, depending on geography, gender and ethnicity. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the demographic data of return nephrolithiasis patients in a tertiary care center. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our prospective registry database of return patients seen at our outpatient clinic for nephrolithiasis. Data included gender, age at first visit, age at first stone event, body mass index (BMI), self-reported hypertension, diabetes mellitus (DM), and hyperlipidemia...
December 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454831/rationale-and-design-of-the-medication-adherence-improvement-support-app-for-engagement-blood-pressure-medisafe-bp-trial
#18
Kyle Morawski, Roya Ghazinouri, Alexis Krumme, Julianne McDonough, Erin Durfee, Leslie Oley, Namita Mohta, Jessie Juusola, Niteesh K Choudhry
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a major contributor to the health and economic burden imposed by stroke, heart disease, and renal insufficiency. Antihypertensives can prevent many of the harmful effects of elevated blood pressure, but medication nonadherence is a known barrier to the effectiveness of these treatments. Smartphone-based applications that remind patients to take their medications, provide education, and allow for social interactions between individuals with similar health concerns have been widely advocated as a strategy to improve adherence but have not been subject to rigorous testing...
April 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451915/obesity-metabolic-syndrome-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-gluten-free-followers-without-celiac-disease-in-the-united-states-results-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2009-2014
#19
Hyun-Seok Kim, Michael F Demyen, Justin Mathew, Neil Kothari, Mirela Feurdean, Sushil K Ahlawat
BACKGROUND: Despite unclear benefits of gluten-free diets (GFD) in the general population, gluten-free followers without medical indications are driving the market. Few studies have investigated health benefits of GFD in the general population. AIMS: To estimate metabolic and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk profiles among gluten-free followers without celiac disease (CD). METHODS: Data were obtained from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009-2014...
April 27, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450813/self-reported-general-health-physical-distress-mental-distress-and-activity-limitation-by-us-county-1995-2012
#20
Laura Dwyer-Lindgren, Johan P Mackenbach, Frank J van Lenthe, Ali H Mokdad
BACKGROUND: Metrics based on self-reports of health status have been proposed for tracking population health and making comparisons among different populations. While these metrics have been used in the US to explore disparities by sex, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic position, less is known about how self-reported health varies geographically. This study aimed to describe county-level trends in the prevalence of poor self-reported health and to assess the face validity of these estimates...
2017: Population Health Metrics
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