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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430096/psychological-distress-and-the-risk-of-withdrawing-from-hypertension-treatment-after-an-earthquake-disaster
#1
Naoki Nakaya, Tomohiro Nakamura, Naho Tsuchiya, Akira Narita, Ichiro Tsuji, Atsushi Hozawa, Hiroaki Tomita
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the association between psychological distress and the risk of withdrawing from hypertension treatment (HTTx) 1 year after the earthquake disaster in the coastal area affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE). METHODS: Using cross-sectional data from 2012, we studied people over 20 years of age living in Shichigahama Town, Miyagi, on the northeastern coast of Japan, which had been severely inundated by the tsunami that followed the GEJE in 2011...
April 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427484/racial-and-ethnic-subgroup-disparities-in-hypertension-prevalence-new-york-city-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2013-2014
#2
Kezhen Fei, Jesica S Rodriguez-Lopez, Marcel Ramos, Nadia Islam, Chau Trinh-Shevrin, Stella S Yi, Claudia Chernov, Sharon E Perlman, Lorna E Thorpe
INTRODUCTION: Racial/ethnic minority adults have higher rates of hypertension than non-Hispanic white adults. We examined the prevalence of hypertension among Hispanic and Asian subgroups in New York City. METHODS: Data from the 2013-2014 New York City Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used to assess hypertension prevalence among adults (aged ≥20) in New York City (n = 1,476). Hypertension was measured (systolic blood pressure ≥140 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mm Hg or self-reported hypertension and use of blood pressure medication)...
April 20, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424183/biomarker-calibrated-nutrient-intake-and-healthy-diet-index-associations-with-mortality-risks-among-older-and-frail-women-from-the-women-s-health-initiative
#3
Oleg Zaslavsky, Shira Zelber-Sagi, James R Hebert, Susan E Steck, Nitin Shivappa, Fred K Tabung, Michael D Wirth, Yunqi Bu, James M Shikany, Tonya Orchard, Robert B Wallace, Linda Snetselaar, Lesley F Tinker
Background: Although studies to date have confirmed the association between nutrition and frailty, the impact of dietary intake and dietary patterns on survivorship in those with frailty is yet to be examined in a well-powered cohort with validated frailty status. Moreover, previous studies were limited by measurement error from dietary self-reports.Objective: We derived biomarker-calibrated dietary energy and protein intakes to address dietary self-report error. Using these data, we then evaluated the association of mortality in older women with frailty and dietary intake and healthy diet indexes, such as the alternate Mediterranean Diet (aMED), the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) score, and the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII)...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423153/heterogeneity-in-blood-pressure-transitions-over-the-life-course-age-specific-emergence-of-racial-ethnic-and-sex-disparities-in-the-united-states
#4
Shakia T Hardy, Katelyn M Holliday, Sujatro Chakladar, Joseph C Engeda, Norrina B Allen, Gerardo Heiss, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Pamela J Schreiner, Christina M Shay, Danyu Lin, Donglin Zeng, Christy L Avery
Importance: Many studies have assessed racial/ethnic and sex disparities in the prevalence of elevated blood pressure (BP) from childhood to adulthood, yet few have examined differences in age-specific transitions between categories of BP over the life course in contemporary, multiracial/multiethnic populations. Objective: To estimate age, racial/ethnic, and sex-specific annual net transition probabilities between categories of BP using Markov modeling of cross-sectional data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
April 19, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420376/workflow-standardization-of-a-novel-team-care-model-to-improve-chronic-care-a-quasi-experimental-study
#5
Laura Panattoni, Lily Hurlimann, Caroline Wilson, Meg Durbin, Ming Tai-Seale
BACKGROUND: Team-based chronic care models have not been widely adopted in community settings, partly due to their varying effectiveness in randomized control trials, implementation challenges, and concerns about physician acceptance. The Palo Alto Medical Foundation designed and implemented "Champion," a novel team-based model that includes new standard work (e.g. proactive patient outreach, pre-visit schedule grooming, depression screening, care planning, health coaching) to support patients' self-management of hypertension and diabetes...
April 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410862/state-level-awareness-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-the-u-s
#6
Sai H Dharmarajan, Jennifer L Bragg-Gresham, Hal Morgenstern, Brenda W Gillespie, Yi Li, Neil R Powe, Delphine S Tuot, Tanushree Banerjee, Nilka Ríos Burrows, Deborah B Rolka, Sharon H Saydah, Rajiv Saran
INTRODUCTION: This study examined state-level variation in chronic kidney disease (CKD) awareness using national estimates of disease awareness among adults in the U.S. with CKD. METHODS: Data on U.S. adults were obtained from two national, population-based surveys: (1) the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS 2011; n=506,467), a state-level phone survey containing information on self-reported kidney disease; and (2) the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES 2005-2012; n=20,831), containing physical health examination, surveys containing data on self-reported kidney disease, risk factors, and laboratory values...
April 11, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401249/socioeconomic-gradients-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-china-and-india-results-from-the-china-health-and-retirement-longitudinal-study-and-longitudinal-aging-study-in-india
#7
Peifeng Hu, Serena Wang, Jinkook Lee
OBJECTIVES: Cardiovascular disease has become a major public health challenge in developing countries. The goal of this study is to compare socioeconomic status (SES) gradients of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) both within and between China and India. METHODS: We used multivariable logistic regression models to examine the associations between SES and CVRF, using data from the China health and retirement longitudinal study and the longitudinal aging study in India...
April 12, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399566/chronic-noncommunicable-diseases-in-6-low-and-middle-income-countries-findings-from-wave-1-of-the-world-health-organization-s-study-on-global-ageing-and-adult-health-sage
#8
Perianayagam Arokiasamy, Uttamacharya, Paul Kowal, Benjamin D Capistrant, Theresa E Gildner, Elizabeth Thiele, Richard B Biritwum, Alfred E Yawson, George Mensah, Tamara Maximova, Fan Wu, Yanfei Guo, Yang Zheng, Sebastiana Zimba Kalula, Aarón Salinas Rodríguez, Betty Manrique Espinoza, Melissa A Liebert, Geeta Eick, Kirstin N Sterner, Tyler M Barrett, Kwabena Duedu, Ernest Gonzales, Nawi Ng, Joel Negin, Yong Jiang, Julie Byles, Savathree Lorna Madurai, Nadia Minicuci, J Josh Snodgrass, Nirmala Naidoo, Somnath Chatterji
In this paper, we examine patterns of self-reported diagnosis of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) and prevalences of algorithm/measured test-based, undiagnosed, and untreated NCDs in China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russia, and South Africa. Nationally representative samples of older adults aged ≥50 years were analyzed from wave 1 of the World Health Organization's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (2007-2010; n = 34,149). Analyses focused on 6 conditions: angina, arthritis, asthma, chronic lung disease, depression, and hypertension...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393550/black-white-black-and-white-mixed-race-and-health-in-canada
#9
Gerry Veenstra
OBJECTIVES: To document inequalities in hypertension, self-rated health, and self-rated mental health between Canadian adults who identify as Black, White, or Black and White and determine whether differences in educational attainment and household income explain them. DESIGN: The dataset was comprised of ten cycles (2001-2013) of the Canadian Community Health Survey. The health inequalities were examined by way of binary logistic regression modeling of hypertension and multinomial logistic regression modeling of self-rated health and self-rated mental health...
April 10, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388911/the-impact-of-multi-morbidity-on-disability-among-older-adults-in-south-africa-do-hypertension-and-socio-demographic-characteristics-matter
#10
Philippa Waterhouse, Nele van der Wielen, Pamela Chirwa Banda, Andrew Amos Channon
BACKGROUND: Alongside the global population ageing phenomenon, there has been a rise in the number of individuals who suffer from multiple chronic conditions. Taking the case of South Africa, this study aims, first, to investigate the association between multi-morbidity and disability among older adults; and second, to examine whether hypertension (both diagnosed and undiagnosed) mediates this relationship. Lastly, we consider whether the impact of the multi-morbidity on disability varies by socio-demographic characteristics...
April 8, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384219/metabolically-healthy-obesity-and-depressive-symptoms-16-year-follow-up-of-the-gazel-cohort-study
#11
Guy-Marino Hinnouho, Archana Singh-Manoux, Alice Gueguen, Joane Matta, Cedric Lemogne, Marcel Goldberg, Marie Zins, Sébastien Czernichow
AIMS: The health correlates of the metabolically healthy obese (MHO) phenotype, particularly in relation to depressive symptoms remains unclear. Accordingly, we examined the risk of depressive symptoms in this phenotype using a 16-year follow-up prospective study. METHODS: A sample of 14 475 participants (75% men), aged 44-59 years in 1996, was drawn from the Gazel cohort. Obesity was defined as body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg/m2 and metabolic health as having none of the self-reported following cardiovascular risk factors: hypertension, type 2 diabetes and dyslipidemia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382426/exploring-predictors-of-information-use-to-self-manage-blood-pressure-in-midwestern-african-american-women-with-hypertension
#12
Lenette M Jones, Tiffany Veinot, Susan J Pressler, Patricia Coleman-Burns, Alecia McCall
Self-management of hypertension requires patients to find, understand, and use information to lower their blood pressure. Little is known about information use among African American women with hypertension, therefore the purpose of this study was to examine predictors of self-reported information use to self-manage blood pressure. Ninety-four Midwestern African American women (mean age = 59) completed questionnaires about information behaviors (seeking, sharing, use) and personal beliefs (attitude, social norms) related to self-management of blood pressure...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381095/improving-chronic-disease-outcomes-through-medication-therapy-management-in-federally-qualified-health-centers
#13
Jennifer L Rodis, Alexa Sevin, Magdi H Awad, Brianne Porter, Kyle Glasgow, Carrie Hornbeck Fox, Barbara Pryor
INTRODUCTION: Appropriate management of chronic diseases, including proper use of medications, can lead to better disease control, decrease disease-related complications, and improve overall health. Pharmacists have been shown to positively affect chronic disease outcomes through medication therapy management (MTM). The primary objectives of this project are to increase the number of patients with (1) A1c in control and (2) blood pressure in control; secondary objectives are to (3) describe number and type of medication-related problems identified and resolved by pharmacists providing MTM in Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs), (4) identify potential (pADEs) and actual adverse drug events (ADEs), and refer patients to diabetes self-management education classes, as needed...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369902/oral-health-behavior-and-factors-associated-with-poor-oral-status-in-qatar-results-from-a-national-health-survey
#14
Sohaila Cheema, Patrick Maisonneuve, Mohamed Hamad Al-Thani, Al Anoud Mohammed Al-Thani, Amit Abraham, Ghanim Ali Al-Mannai, Abdulla Asad Al-Emadi, Walaa Fattah Al-Chetachi, Badria Ali Almalki, Shams Eldin Ali Hassan Khalifa, Ahmad Omar Haj Bakri, Albert Lowenfels, Ravinder Mamtani
OBJECTIVES: Oral health is a crucial determinant of quality of life. We aimed to determine oral health condition and factors associated with poor oral status in the adult national population of Qatar. METHODS: We used data from the World Health Organization supported STEPS (STEPwise approach to Surveillance) Survey conducted by the Supreme Council of Health, Qatar in 2012. A total of 2,496 Qataris (1,053 men, 1,443 women) answered the national survey. The Rao-Scott Chi-Square test was used to analyze oral health characteristics and multinomial logistic regression to assess risk factors...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353062/self-reported-long-term-cardiac-morbidity-in-breast-cancer-patients-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-germany-passos-heart-study
#15
Daniel Wollschläger, Hiltrud Merzenich, Lukas Schwentner, Wolfgang Janni, Thomas Wiegel, Detlef Bartkowiak, Achim Wöckel, Marcus Schmidt, Heinz Schmidberger, Maria Blettner
PURPOSE: Improved survival after locoregional breast cancer has increased the concern about late adverse effects after therapy. In particular, radiotherapy was identified as a risk factor for major cardiac events in women treated until the 1990s. While modern radiotherapy with computerized planning based on 3D-imaging can help spare organs at risk, heart exposure may remain substantial. In a retrospective cohort study of women treated for locoregional breast cancer, we investigated whether current radiotherapy is associated with an elevated long-term cardiac morbidity risk...
March 28, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346562/joint-association-of-obesity-and-hypertension-with-disability-in-the-elderly-a-community-based-study-of-residents-in-shanghai-china
#16
P Su, H Ding, W Zhang, G Duan, Y Yang, J Long, L Du, C Xie, C Jin, C Hu, Z Sun, Z Duan, L Gong, W Tian
BACKGROUND: Although both obesity and hypertension are known risk factors for disability, the joint association of obesity and hypertension with risk of disability is unknown. This paper is aim to examine the joint association of obesity and hypertension with risk of disability. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with 8060 elderly community-dwelling individuals participating in the survey initiated by Shanghai Health and Family Planning Commission from March to September 2013...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346156/association-of-sleep-characteristics-with-cardiovascular-and-metabolic-risk-factors-in-a-population-sample-the-chicago-area-sleep-study
#17
Samantha E Montag, Kristen L Knutson, Phyllis C Zee, Jeffrey J Goldberger, Jason Ng, Kwang-Youn A Kim, Mercedes R Carnethon
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of sleep characteristics with prevalent hypertension, diabetes, and obesity in a multiethnic cohort. DESIGN: This study used a population-based cross-sectional study design. SETTING: Participants were recruited between 2009 and 2011 from Chicago, Illinois, and the surrounding suburbs. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 492 adults aged 35 to 64years who self-reported as white, black, Hispanic, or Asian and who had a low likelihood of sleep apnea based on the apnea screening questionnaires and 1 night of apnea screening using an in-home device (apnea hypopnea index <15 or oxygen desaturation index <10)...
April 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342086/motivational-and-volitional-correlates-of-physical-activity-in-participants-reporting-no-past-and-current-hypertension-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-observation-study
#18
Julian Wienert, Tim Kuhlmann, Sebastian Fink, Rainer Hambrecht, Sonia Lippke
PURPOSE: The study investigated differences in motivational and volitional correlates of physical activity in persons who reported currently having hypertension, had hypertension in the past, or had no hypertension by using the health action process approach as a theoretical background. METHOD: Self-reported data from 512 participants (71.9% women; M age = 46.83 years; SD age = 13.77; M BMI = 24.89; SD BMI = 4.71) were analyzed using multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), analysis of variance (ANOVA), and post hoc comparisons of groups to determine differences in motivational and volitional correlates for physical activity between groups followed by analysis of covariance (ANCOVA)...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331773/characteristics-and-factors-associated-with-antihypertensive-medication-use-in-patients-attending-peruvian-health-facilities
#19
Christian R Mejia, Virgilio E Failoc-Rojas, Edison So, Carmen Cervantes, Antonio J Aspajo, Jesus Galileo Leandro, Jhomar Cordova-De La Cruz, Julio C Charri, Kevin E García-Auqui, Lelis Gabriela Coronel-Chucos, Luz Delia Justo-Pinto, Marisol Stefanie Mamani-Apaza, Neil Arón Paz-Campos, Ricardo Correa
INTRODUCTION : Hypertension is a very common disease worldwide, and medication is needed to prevent its short-term and long-term complications. Our objective was to determine the characteristics and factors associated with antihypertensive medication use in patients attending Peruvian health facilities. MATERIALS & METHODS: We performed a multicenter, cross-sectional study with secondary data. We obtained self-reported antihypertensive medication from patients attending health facilities in 10 departments of Peru...
February 3, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321111/relationships-between-clinical-self-reported-and-donation-specific-outcomes-a-prospective-follow-up-study-10-years-after-kidney-donation
#20
Käthe B Meyer, Anders Hartmann, Geir Mjøen, Marit H Andersen
BACKGROUND Long-term consequences of donor nephrectomy might be reduced kidney function, increased risk for cardiovascular disease, impaired quality of life, and fatigue. Few studies have investigated associations between clinical and self-reported outcomes in a long-term perspective. Thus, we aimed to investigate relationships between clinical, self-reported, and donation-specific outcomes in a nationwide cohort. MATERIAL AND METHODS We conducted a prospective follow-up study and assessed pre- and post-donation data from 202 donors who donated in 2001-2004...
March 21, 2017: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
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