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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924285/habit-of-eating-breakfast-is-associated-with-a-lower-risk-of-hypertension
#1
Tae Sic Lee, Jai Soon Kim, Yoo Jung Hwang, Yon Chul Park
BACKGROUND: The association between skipping breakfast and cardio-metabolic syndrome is well known. However, there are very few Korean studies about the habit of eating breakfast and hypertension. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between the habit of eating breakfast and hypertension in a healthy Korean population. METHODS: Participants in the 2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES) were enrolled for this study...
September 2016: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918984/hypertension-among-adults-exposed-to-drinking-water-arsenic-in-northern-chile
#2
Emily M Hall, Johanna Acevedo, Francisca González López, Sandra Cortés, Catterina Ferreccio, Allan H Smith, Craig M Steinmaus
BACKGROUND: A growing number of studies have identified an association between exposure to inorganic arsenic and hypertension. However, results have not been consistent across studies. Additional studies are warranted, given the global prevalence of both arsenic exposure and morbidity attributable to hypertension. METHODS: We analyzed data collected from October 2007-December 2010 for a population-based cancer case-control study in northern Chile. Data included lifetime individual arsenic exposure estimates and information on potential confounders for a total of 1266 subjects...
December 2, 2016: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896880/a-community-based-cross-sectional-survey-of-medication-utilization-among-chronic-disease-patients-in-china
#3
Mark A Strand, Kirstin Gramith, Macy Royston, Xiaoxi Wang, Judith Perry, Curt Elliott
OBJECTIVES: To determine medication use patterns and associated health outcomes in Chinese individuals with diabetes, hypertension or hyperlipidaemia. METHODS: This community-based cross-sectional study was done in a north China city of 300 000 people. Participants were recruited by poster and phone call through Community Health Centres. Data were collected on 638 Chinese individuals. Interviews were done to screen for disease and health behaviours. Fasting blood was collected and analyzed...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890976/study-frequency-of-hypertension-and-obesity-and-their-relationship-with-lifestyle-factors-nutritional-habits-physical-activity-cigarette-consumption-in-ardabil-city-physicians-2012-13
#4
Afshin Fathi, Saeid Sadeghieh Ahari, Firouz Amani, Mohammad Reza Nikneghad
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Few studies have been done on lifestyle of Iranian physicians. As physicians have important role in health promotion, the main goal of the study was to assess the lifestyle of this influential group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on lifestyle of all registered physicians of Ardabil hospitals, Iran, 2012-13. In this research, 225 physicians were selected, by using simple random sampling. Demographic and lifestyle data were obtained by self-report using standard questionnaires, physical activity by official Iranian short-version of the international physical activity questionnaire, and dietary intake by food frequency questionnaire...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884398/slow-paced-respiration-therapy-to-treat-symptoms-in-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#5
Lea Ann Matura, Jamison Fargo, Jason S Fritz, Kerri A Smith, Anjali Vaidya, Diane Pinder, Christine Archer-Chicko, Harold I Palevsky, Allan I Pack, Marilyn S Sommers, Steven M Kawut
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of using slow-paced respiration therapy to treat symptoms in women with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). BACKGROUND: People with PAH report increased dyspnea, fatigue and sleep disturbance that can impair health-related quality of life (HRQOL). METHODS: Ten women with PAH received 8-weeks of daily, 15 min sessions using slow-paced respiration therapy via the RESPeRATE™ device. Participants had baseline and follow up assessments including plasma norepinephrine and interleukin-6 (IL-6), self-report questionnaires to measure dyspnea, fatigue, depressive symptoms, sleep and HRQOL along with 7-day actigraphy and sleep diaries...
November 21, 2016: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877063/copd-patients-medical-care-and-support-in-greece-during-financial-crisis
#6
George Mitonas, Alexia Juvana, Zoe Daniil, Chryssa Hatzoglou, Konstantinos Gourgoulianis
BACKGROUND: The need to follow a multidisciplinary strategy in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) management and rehabilitation in community settings in Greece raises significant questions, given the severe austerity measures being imposed at present. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical profile of patients with COPD along with the care provided in rural community settings in Greece. METHODS: Two primary health care centers and 200 newly diagnosed patients over a 12-month period were involved in the study...
2016: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875542/educational-outreach-with-an-integrated-clinical-tool-for-nurse-led-non-communicable-chronic-disease-management-in-primary-care-in-south-africa-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Lara R Fairall, Naomi Folb, Venessa Timmerman, Carl Lombard, Krisela Steyn, Max O Bachmann, Eric D Bateman, Crick Lund, Ruth Cornick, Gill Faris, Thomas Gaziano, Daniella Georgeu-Pepper, Merrick Zwarenstein, Naomi S Levitt
BACKGROUND: In many low-income countries, care for patients with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and mental health conditions is provided by nurses. The benefits of nurse substitution and supplementation in NCD care in high-income settings are well recognised, but evidence from low- and middle-income countries is limited. Primary Care 101 (PC101) is a programme designed to support and expand nurses' role in NCD care, comprising educational outreach to nurses and a clinical management tool with enhanced prescribing provisions...
November 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874179/association-between-chewing-difficulty-and-symptoms-of-depression-in-adults-results-from-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#8
Hye-Sun Shin, Yong-Soon Ahn, Do-Seon Lim
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between chewing difficulty and symptoms of depression in a representative sample of the Korean population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). PARTICIPANTS: KNHANES participants (N = 5,158). MEASUREMENTS: Chewing difficulty was assessed according to the self-reported presence of chewing problems using a structured questionnaire...
November 22, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870298/health-effects-of-short-term-fluctuations-in-macroeconomic-conditions-the-case-of-hypertension-for-older-americans
#9
Marco Angrisani, Jinkook Lee
We investigate the health effects of short-term macroeconomic fluctuations as described by changes in unemployment rate, house, and stock market price indexes. The 'Great Recession' provides the opportunity to conduct this analysis as it involved contemporaneous shocks to the labor, housing, and stock markets. Using panel data from the Health and Retirement Study over the period 2004-2010, we relate changes in hypertension status to changes in state-level unemployment rate and house prices and to changes in stock market prices...
November 2016: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869346/association-between-dialysis-treatment-and-cognitive-decline-a-study-from-the-project-in-sado-for-total-health-prost-japan
#10
Yumi Watanabe, Kaori Kitamura, Kazutoshi Nakamura, Kazuhiro Sanpei, Minako Wakasugi, Akio Yokoseki, Keiko Kabasawa, Osamu Onodera, Takeshi Ikeuchi, Ryozo Kuwano, Takeshi Momotsu, Ichiei Narita, Naoto Endo
AIM: Evidence for the association between dialysis treatment and cognitive decline is limited. The present study aimed to determine whether dialysis treatment is associated with cognitive decline in adult outpatients of a general hospital in Japan. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional substudy of the Project in Sado for Total Health (PROST). Total Health PROST targeted adult outpatients of a general hospital in Sado City, Niigata, Japan. Among 753 patients (mean age 68...
November 21, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866595/modifiable-healthy-lifestyle-behaviors-10-year-health-outcomes-from-a-health-promotion-program
#11
Daniel W Byrne, Lori A Rolando, Muktar H Aliyu, Paula W McGown, Lisa R Connor, Bradley M Awalt, Marilyn C Holmes, Li Wang, Mary I Yarbrough
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have examined the impact of healthy lifestyle choices on health-related outcomes; however, given their fragmented, often cross-sectional nature, assessing the relative impact of daily modifiable behaviors on overall long-term outcomes, particularly for a diverse working adult population, remains challenging. METHODS: Relationships between ten self-reported healthy lifestyle behaviors and health outcomes during the subsequent 9 years in a cohort of 10,248 participants enrolled during 2003 in a voluntary workplace wellness program were assessed...
December 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854007/cardiovascular-disease-and-physical-activity-in-adult-cancer-survivors-a-nested-retrospective-study-from-the-atlantic-path-cohort
#12
Melanie R Keats, Yunsong Cui, Scott A Grandy, Louise Parker
PURPOSE: The study aimed to examine the relationship between cardiovascular disease (CVD) and physical activity (PA) levels in cancer survivors (CS). METHODS: Using a nested, retrospective follow-up design, this study presents the self-reported prevalence of CVD in an Atlantic Canadian population-based cohort of 1526 CS and 6034 age-sex matched, non-cancer controls ranging from 35 to 69 years of age. Univariate and multiple logistic regression models were used to explore the association between CVD and PA...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853168/depressive-symptoms-and-prevalence-of-erectile-dysfunction-in-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-the-dogo-study
#13
S Furukawa, T Sakai, T Niiya, H Miyaoka, T Miyake, S Yamamoto, K Maruyama, T Ueda, H Senba, M Torisu, H Minami, M Onji, T Tanigawa, B Matsuura, Y Hiasa, Y Miyake
In several studies of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, a positive association between depressive symptoms and erectile dysfunction (ED) has been reported. No evidence exists, however, regarding the association between depressive symptoms and ED among Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Thus, we examined this issue among Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Study subjects were 469 male Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, aged 19 years or over. ED, moderate to severe ED and severe ED were defined as present when a subject had a Sexual Health Inventory for Men score <22, <12 and <8, respectively...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852274/educational-inequalities-in-hypertension-complex-patterns-in-intersections-with-gender-and-race-in-brazil
#14
Ronaldo Fernandes Santos Alves, Eduardo Faerstein
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a major public health issue worldwide, but knowledge is scarce about its patterns and its relationship to multiple axes of social disadvantages in Latin American countries. This study describes the educational inequality in the prevalence of hypertension in Brazil, including a joint stratification by gender and race. METHODS: We analyzed interview-based data and blood pressure measurements from 59,402 participants aged 18 years or older at the 2013 Brazilian National Health Survey (PNS)...
November 17, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852264/social-inequalities-in-the-prevalence-of-self-reported-chronic-non-communicable-diseases-in-brazil-national-health-survey-2013
#15
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal, Maria de Fatima Marinho de Souza, Celia Landman Szwarcwald, Margareth Guimarães Lima, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros
BACKGROUND: Considering the high socioeconomic inequalities in Brazil related to occurrence of morbidity and premature mortality, the objective of this study was to analyze inequalities in self-reported prevalence of Non-Communicable Diseases (NCD) and in the physical limitations caused by these diseases, among the Brazilian adult population, according to sociodemographic variables. METHODS: This was a population-based cross-sectional study that analyzed information on 60,202 individuals who formed a representative sample of Brazilian adults interviewed for the National Health Survey 2013...
November 17, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836682/self-reported-sitting-time-and-prevalence-of-erectile-dysfunction-in-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-the-dogo-study
#16
Shinya Furukawa, Takenori Sakai, Tetsuji Niiya, Hiroaki Miyaoka, Teruki Miyake, Shin Yamamoto, Sayaka Kanzaki, Koutatsu Maruyama, Keiko Tanaka, Teruhisa Ueda, Hidenori Senba, Masamoto Torisu, Hisaka Minami, Takeshi Tanigawa, Bunzo Matsuura, Yoichi Hiasa, Yoshihiro Miyake
AIMS: No evidence exists regarding the association between sitting time and erectile dysfunction (ED) among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between self-reported sitting time and ED among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Study subjects were 430 male Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (mean age, 60.5years). A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect information on the variables under study...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835033/travel-distance-to-prenatal-care-and-high-blood-pressure-during-pregnancy
#17
Lu Shi, Kara E MacLeod, Donglan Zhang, Fan Wang, Margaret Shin Chao
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether poor geographic accessibility to prenatal care, as indicated by long distance trips to prenatal care, produced high blood pressure (HPB) during pregnancy. METHODS: Using the 2007 Los Angeles Mommy and Baby Study for women without hypertension prior to pregnancy (n = 3405), we compared self-reported HBP by travel distance to prenatal care controlling for age, race/ethnicity, marital status, education, household income, weight status, and physical activity...
November 11, 2016: Hypertension in Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831603/-medication-use-among-older-adults-in-bogota-colombia
#18
Carlos Cano-Guitierrez, Rafael Samper-Ternent, Javier Cabrera, Diego Rosselli
Objectives.: To determine the frequency and types of medication used by older adults living in the Colombian capital, Bogota, and to identify the use of potentially inappropriate medications according to the revised Beers criteria. Materials and methods.: Data were obtained from the health, welfare, and aging (SABE, Spanish: salud, bienestar y envejecimiento) study conducted in both urban and rural areas of Bogota in 2012. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to analyze sex-related differences in the number of medications used among age-stratified subgroups...
July 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825247/ethnic-differences-in-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-mortality-by-physical-activity-levels-among-older-adults-in-the-us
#19
Elizabeth Vásquez, Karine Sahakyan, John A Batsis, Cassandra Germain, Virend K Somers, Benjamin A Shaw
AIMS: This study sought to determine whether the association between varying levels of physical activity (PA) and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality differ by race/ethnicity in older adults. METHODS: The sample comprised 2520 women and 2398 men drawn from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III (1988-1994) aged ≥ 60 years. We used the metabolic equivalent (MET) of self-reported PA levels to define activity groups (inactive: those who did not report any PA; active: those who reported 3-6 METs for ≥5 times/week or >6 METs, ≥3 times/week; insufficiently active: those meeting neither criteria)...
November 9, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822055/treatment-adherence-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-on-antihypertensive-medications-in-a-middle-eastern-population-adherence
#20
Imad A Alhaddad, Omar Hamoui, Ayman Hammoudeh, Samir Mallat
BACKGROUND: Poor adherence to antihypertensive treatment remains a clinical challenge worldwide. The objectives of this study were to assess the adherence level to antihypertensive treatment and to identify its associated factors in a sample of hypertensive patients in Lebanon and Jordan. METHODS: We conducted an observational study between May 2011 and September 2012. A total of 1,470 eligible hypertensive patients were enrolled in our study and followed up for a period of 6 months...
2016: Vascular Health and Risk Management
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