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(Self-reported health) AND obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532431/high-prevalence-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-peruvian-adolescents-living-in-a-peri-urban-shantytown-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Elizabeth S Abbs, José Viñoles, Jorge O Alarcón, Heather M Johnson, Joseph R Zunt
BACKGROUND: Adults of the peri-urban Peruvian shantytown of Lomas de Zapallal have a high prevalence of risk factors for developing cardiovascular disease (CVD)-likely due to behavioral choices established during childhood and adolescence. To guide the development of community-based risk reduction programs, we assessed the prevalence of risk factors for developing CVD among adolescents. METHODS: We collected cross sectional data from adolescents of Peruvian peri-urban shantytown to evaluate four domains of CVD risk factors: (1) clinical (blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, and blood lipids), (2) anthropometric (height, weight, and waist circumference), (3) behavioral (physical activity, diet, and substance abuse), and (4) psychosocial (mental health and violence)...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525536/independent-and-differential-effects-of-obesity-and-hypertension-on-cognitive-and-functional-abilities
#2
Robert P Fellows, Maureen Schmitter-Edgecombe
Objective: The primary aim of this study was to identify the independent and differential associations of obesity and hypertension with cognitive, physical, and directly observed functional abilities among middle age and older adults. Method: Participants were 119 adults between the ages of 51 and 89, who underwent a cross-sectional assessment of cognitive, physical, functional and relevant health-related variables. Results: Obesity predicted significantly poorer executive functions (β = -...
May 19, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525444/cardiovascular-disease-risk-profile-and-readiness-to-change-in-blue-and-white-collar-workers
#3
Kerith D Aginsky, Demitri Constantinou, Maretha Delport, Estelle D Watson
This study provides a health and risk profile of blue- (BCWs) and white-collar workers (WCWs). Health screening data (n = 603; age 38.2 ± 9.7 years) included cholesterol and glucose finger-prick test, blood pressure, body mass index, and self-reported stress levels and readiness to change. Blue-collar workers were significantly older and had higher blood pressure readings and were more likely to develop hypertension (odds ratio [OR]: 1.72; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.05-2.81; P = .03), but less likely to present with hypercholesterolemia (OR: 0...
July 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516452/correlation-between-socioeconomic-status-and-atopic-dermatitis-in-korean-adults-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2007-2014
#4
J S Lee, J M Kim, J Seok, B J Kim
INTRODUCTION: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is one of the most common allergic diseases. Its prevalence has been increasing in recent decades. Social economic status is well-known risk factor of allergic diseases. OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to investigate the relationship between social economic status and AD in Korean adults. METHODS: Data were acquired from 47,351 men and women, ≥19 years of age who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES) conducted from 2007 to 2014...
May 18, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515950/factors-associated-with-poor-self-reported-health-within-the-uk-military-and-comparisons-with-the-general-population-a-cohort-study
#5
Sarah C Jenkins, Sharon Am Stevelink, Nicola T Fear
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the self-rated health of the UK military and explore factors associated with poor self-rated health. Compare self-rated health of the military to the general population. DESIGN: A cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 7626 serving and ex-serving UK military personnel, aged between 25 and 49; 19,452,300 civilians from England and Wales. SETTING: United Kingdom (military), England and Wales (civilians)...
May 2017: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513791/the-prevalence-of-diabetes-mellitus-and-its-associated-factors-in-the-brazilian-adult-population-evidence-from-a-population-based-survey
#6
Luisa Sorio Flor, Monica Rodrigues Campos
Objective: To estimate the prevalence of self-reported diabetes mellitus (DM) and its associated factors among the Brazilian adult population. Methods: The prevalence of DM was assessed in the Survey on Social Dimensions of Inequalities, a national survey with macro-regions representativeness carried out in 2008. Data were collected by a personal face-to-face interview with 12,423 individuals of both sexes, aged over 20 years. The χ2 test at 5.0% was performed in order to identify associated factors, and logistic regression was used to estimate adjusted odds ratios...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511849/cardiometabolic-healthy-obesity-paradigm-and-all-cause-mortality-risk
#7
Paul D Loprinzi, Emily Frith
OBJECTIVE: To examine the cardiometabolic healthy obesity paradigm as it relates to all-cause mortality risk, with effect moderation evaluated for physical activity and demographic characteristics. METHODS: Data from the 1999-2006 NHANES were used. The analytic sample included 7579 dietary fasting adults (20+ yrs). All-cause mortality was linked with participant data from the National Death Index. Metabolic health was based on fasting levels of triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, glucose and blood pressure...
May 13, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507010/a-systematic-review-of-application-and-effectiveness-of-mhealth-interventions-for-obesity-and-diabetes-treatment-and-self-management
#8
REVIEW
Youfa Wang, Hong Xue, Yaqi Huang, Lili Huang, Dongsong Zhang
The use of mobile and wireless technologies and wearable devices for improving health care processes and outcomes (mHealth) is promising for health promotion among patients with chronic diseases such as obesity and diabetes. This study comprehensively examined published mHealth intervention studies for obesity and diabetes treatment and management to assess their effectiveness and provide recommendations for future research. We systematically searched PubMed for mHealth-related studies on diabetes and obesity treatment and management published during 2000-2016...
May 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506306/predictors-of-physical-and-mental-health-in-persons-with-morbid-obesity-attending-a-patient-education-course-a-two-year-follow-up-study
#9
Anners Lerdal, Caryl L Gay, Tore Bonsaksen, May Solveig Fagermoen
BACKGROUND: People with morbid obesity (body mass index ≥40) may experience changes in their health after participating in a tailored patient education course. The aims of this study were to assess the changes in physical and mental health in persons with morbid obesity during the 2 years following an educational course and to explore possible socio-demographic, treatment, and personal predictors of physical and mental health outcomes. METHODS: In this prospective longitudinal cohort study, self-report questionnaire data were collected from people with morbid obesity at the beginning of mandatory educational courses while on a waiting list for gastric surgery and at two-year follow-up...
May 15, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497920/prevalence-of-self-reported-allergic-diseases-and-ige-levels-a-2010-knhanes-analysis
#10
Hye Jung Park, Eun Jin Kim, Dankyu Yoon, Jeom Kyu Lee, Woo Sung Chang, Yoen Mi Lim, Jung Won Park, Joo Shil Lee
PURPOSE: The prevalence of allergic diseases is known to be associated with both demographic and environmental factors. Herein, we aimed to determine significant factors associated with the prevalence of allergic diseases and with total immunoglobulin E (tIgE) and specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) levels in Korea. METHODS: We analyzed unweighted data collected by the 2010 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for 2,342 subjects who underwent serum tests for tIgE and sIgE to Dermatophagoides farinae, dog, and Blattella germanica, representing a sample of 16,003,645 citizens, by considering the sample weight and stratification...
July 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490370/behavioral-interventions-to-promote-adequate-sleep-among-women-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Lydi-Anne Vézina-Im, Jennette Palcic Moreno, Theresa A Nicklas, Tom Baranowski
BACKGROUND: Short and poor sleep have been associated with adverse health outcomes in adults, such as overweight/obesity and type 2 diabetes, especially among women. Women therefore represent an important target for interventions aimed at improving sleep and such interventions have been advocated to enhance maternal, fetal, and infant health. This systematic review will assess the efficacy or effectiveness of behavioral interventions aimed at promoting adequate sleep among women. The primary outcomes will be changes in sleep duration and/or sleep quality from baseline to post-intervention and to the last available follow-up measured either through self-reports or objectively...
May 11, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486487/the-impact-of-urban-regeneration-programmes-on-health-and-health-related-behaviour-evaluation-of-the-dutch-district-approach-6-5-years-from-the-start
#12
Annemarie Ruijsbroek, Albert Wong, Anton E Kunst, Carolien van den Brink, Hans A M van Oers, Mariël Droomers, Karien Stronks
BACKGROUND: Large-scale regeneration programmes to improve the personal conditions and living circumstances in deprived areas may affect health and the lifestyle of the residents. Previous evaluations concluded that a large-scale urban regeneration programme in the Netherlands had some positive effects within 3.5 years. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the effects at the longer run. METHODS: With a quasi-experimental research design we assessed changes in the prevalence of general health, mental health, physical activity, overweight, obesity, and smoking between the pre-intervention (2003-04 -mid 2008) and intervention period (mid 2008-2013-14) in 40 deprived target districts and comparably deprived control districts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486342/perceived-self-efficacy-and-financial-incentives-factors-affecting-health-behaviors-and-weight-loss-in-a-workplace-weight-loss-intervention
#13
Pouran D Faghri, Julia Simon, Tania Huedo-Medina, Amy Gorin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if self-efficacy (SE) and financial incentives (FI) mediate the effect of health behavior on weight loss in a group of overweight and obese nursing-home employees participating in a 16-week weight-loss intervention with 12-week follow-up. METHODS: Ninety nine overweight/obese (body mass index [BMI] > 25) employees from four nursing-homes participated, with a mean age of 46.98 years and BMI of 35.33. Nursing-homes were randomized to receiving an incentive-based intervention (n = 51) and no incentive (n = 48)...
May 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482294/association-between-fish-consumption-dietary-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-persistent-organic-pollutants-intake-and-type-2-diabetes-in-18-first-nations-in-ontario-canada
#14
Lesya Marushka, Malek Batal, William David, Harold Schwartz, Amy Ing, Karen Fediuk, Donald Sharp, Andrew Black, Constantine Tikhonov, Hing Man Chan
BACKGROUND: First Nations (FNs) populations in Canada experience a disproportionally higher rate of obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared to the general population. Recent data suggest that a high consumption of fish may help prevent T2D. On the other hand, fish might also be a potential source of environmental contaminants which could potentially be a risk factor for T2D. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential associations between self-reported T2D and consumption of locally-harvested fish, dietary long-chain omega-3 fatty acids (n-3FAs) and persistent organic pollutants intake among adult FNs living on reserve in Ontario...
May 5, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477424/adiposity-and-incident-diabetes-within-4%C3%A2-years-of-follow-up-the-guangzhou-biobank-cohort-study
#15
L Xu, T H Lam, C Q Jiang, W S Zhang, Y L Jin, T Zhu, F Zhu, G N Thomas, K K Cheng
AIM: Whether different adiposity measures predict incident diabetes differentially in general Chinese populations is unclear. We investigated this in Chinese people aged 50+ years in the Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study. METHODS: Waist circumference and BMI were measured at baseline, and fasting glucose was measured at both baseline and follow-up examinations. Incident diabetes was defined as fasting glucose ≥ 7.0 mmol/l, glucose after 2-h oral glucose tolerance test ≥ 11...
May 6, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474301/risk-score-model-of-type-2-diabetes-prediction-for-rural-chinese-adults-the-rural-deqing-cohort-study
#16
X Chen, Z Wu, Y Chen, X Wang, J Zhu, N Wang, Q Jiang, C Fu
OBJECTIVE: Risk score (RS) model is a cost-effective tool to identify adults who are at high risk for diabetes. This study was to develop an RS model of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) prediction specifically for rural Chinese adults. METHODS: A prospective whole cohort study (n = 28,251) and a sub-cohort study (n = 3043) were conducted from 2006-2014 and 2006-2008 to 2015 in rural Deqing, China. All participants were free of T2DM at baseline. Incident T2DM cases were identified through electronic health records, self-reported and fasting plasma glucose testing for the sub-cohort, respectively...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471701/the-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-val66met-polymorphism-delivery-method-birth-weight-and-night-sleep-duration-as-determinants-of-obesity-in-vietnamese-children-of-primary-school-age
#17
Le Thi Tuyet, Bui Thi Nhung, Duong Thi Anh Dao, Nguyen Thi Hong Hanh, Le Danh Tuyen, Tran Quang Binh, Vu Thi Minh Thuc
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a complex disease that involves both environmental and genetic factors in its pathogenesis. Several studies have identified multiple obesity-associated loci in many populations. However, their contribution to obesity in the Vietnamese population is not fully described, especially in children. The study aimed to investigate the association of obesity with Val66Met polymorphism in brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene, delivery method, birth weight, and lifestyle factors in Vietnamese primary school children...
May 4, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470947/lifetime-risk-of-symptomatic-hand-osteoarthritis-the-johnston-county-osteoarthritis-project
#18
Jin Qin, Kamil E Barbour, Louise B Murphy, Amanda E Nelson, Todd A Schwartz, Charles G Helmick, Kelli D Allen, Jordan B Renner, Nancy A Baker, Joanne M Jordan
OBJECTIVE: Symptomatic hand osteoarthritis (OA) is a common condition that affects hand strength and function, and causes disability in activities of daily living. Prior studies have estimated that the lifetime risk of symptomatic knee OA is 45% and that of hip OA is 25%. The objective of the present study was to estimate the overall lifetime risk of symptomatic hand OA, and the stratified lifetime risk according to potential risk factors. METHODS: Data were obtained from 2,218 adult subjects (ages ≥45 years) in the Johnston County Osteoarthritis Project, a population-based prospective cohort study among residents of Johnston County, North Carolina...
May 4, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468783/association-between-self-reported-potentially-modifiable-cardiac-risk-factors-and-perceived-need-to-improve-physical-health-a-population-based-study
#19
F Daniel Ramirez, Yue Chen, Pietro Di Santo, Trevor Simard, Pouya Motazedian, Benjamin Hibbert
BACKGROUND: An individual's perceived need to improve their physical health (PNIPH) is an essential precursor to adopting healthy behaviors. Nine potentially modifiable risk factors (PMRFs) for myocardial infarction collectively account for ≥90% of the population attributable risk. Though widely recognized, their impact on individuals' health perceptions is unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: Residents from 6 provinces were administered a module on changes to improve health as part of the 2011-2012 Canadian Community Health Survey, yielding relevant data for 8 of the 9 PMRFs sought...
May 3, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465792/effects-of-intermittent-fasting-on-health-markers-in-those-with-type-2-diabetes-a-pilot-study
#20
Terra G Arnason, Matthew W Bowen, Kerry D Mansell
AIM: To determine the short-term biochemical effects and clinical tolerability of intermittent fasting (IF) in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: We describe a three-phase observational study (baseline 2 wk, intervention 2 wk, follow-up 2 wk) designed to determine the clinical, biochemical, and tolerability of IF in community-dwelling volunteer adults with T2DM. Biochemical, anthropometric, and physical activity measurements (using the Yale Physical Activity Survey) were taken at the end of each phase...
April 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
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