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(Self-reported health) AND obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338731/effective-nationwide-school-based-participatory-extramural-program-on-adolescent-body-mass-index-health-knowledge-and-behaviors
#1
Moonseong Heo, Camille C Jimenez, Jean Lim, Carmen R Isasi, Arthur E Blank, David W Lounsbury, Lynn Fredericks, Michelle Bouchard, Myles S Faith, Judith Wylie
BACKGROUND: Adolescent obesity is a major public health concern. Open to all high school students regardless of weight status, HealthCorps is a nationwide program offering a comprehensive high school-based participatory educational program to indirectly address obesity. We tested a hypothesis that the HealthCorps program would decrease BMI z-scores among overweight or obese students, and reduce obesity rates, and evaluated its effects on health knowledge and behaviors. METHODS: HealthCorps aimed to improve student knowledge and behaviors regarding nutrition quality, physical activity, sleep, breakfast intake, and mental resilience...
January 16, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337018/prevalence-of-and-secular-trends-in-diagnosed-diabetes-in-italy-1980-2013
#2
R Gnavi, A Migliardi, M Maggini, G Costa
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aim of this research was to examine the prevalence of diabetes in Italy over a 34-year period. METHODS AND RESULTS: Self-reported diabetes was assessed in eight health interview surveys of representative samples of Italian population aged 20 years and over. Crude and standardised prevalence were calculated by age, sex, educational level and area of residence. Logistic models were fitted to calculate the contribution of age and BMI to the trend in prevalence...
December 22, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334013/understanding-teacher-change-a-national-survey-of-u-s-physical-educators
#3
Ben D Kern, Kim C Graber
Physical education is critical to addressing childhood obesity, yet many school-based programs do not meet established quality standards and teachers are called upon to change. Little is known about how change is initiated and its associated internal and external factors. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate physical education teacher change that was self-initiated and externally initiated and to examine dispositions toward the change process relative to initiation. METHOD: A random national sample of physical educators representing each SHAPE America - Society of Health and Physical Educators regional district participated in a survey measuring past programming changes, primary initiators of change, and teachers' dispositions toward change...
January 15, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333378/associations-between-self-reported-sleep-quality-and-duration-and-dietary-consumptions-psychological-symptoms-and-obesity-in-korean-adults
#4
Bori Kang, Miae Doo, Yangha Kim
Sleep pattern disruptions have been reported to be associated with an increased risk of obesity. This study was performed to investigate the association between sleep quality and sleep duration with dietary consumption, psychological factors, and obesity in Korean adults. A total of 288 Korean men and women who visited a public health center were included in this study. Data on general characteristics, health-related habits, psychological symptoms, dietary intake, and sleep patterns (including quality and duration) were collected using self-report questionnaires...
December 2017: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332673/prevalence-and-comorbidity-of-sleep-conditions-in-australian-adults-2016-sleep-health-foundation-national-survey
#5
Sarah L Appleton, Tiffany K Gill, Carol J Lang, Anne W Taylor, R Douglas McEvoy, Nigel P Stocks, David A González-Chica, Robert J Adams
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of sleep conditions (obstructive sleep apnea [OSA], insomnia symptoms, simple snoring, and restless legs) and their associated burden of chronic conditions in a community sample. DESIGN: Cross-sectional national adult online survey. SETTING: Community-based sample. PARTICIPANTS: Australian adults ≥18 years, N = 1011. MEASUREMENTS: A cross-sectional national online survey assessed diagnosed OSA, OSA symptoms, insomnia symptoms, sleep problems, excessive daytime sleepiness (Epworth Sleepiness Scale ≥11), and physician-diagnosed health conditions (heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, reflux disease, lung disease, depression, anxiety/panic disorder, arthritis)...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329975/risk-of-suicide-and-non-fatal-self-harm-after-bariatric-surgery-results-from-two-matched-cohort-studies
#6
Martin Neovius, Gustaf Bruze, Peter Jacobson, Kajsa Sjöholm, Kari Johansson, Fredrik Granath, Johan Sundström, Ingmar Näslund, Claude Marcus, Johan Ottosson, Markku Peltonen, Lena M S Carlsson
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery reduces mortality, but might have adverse effects on mental health. We assessed the risk of suicide and self-harm after bariatric surgery compared with non-surgical obesity treatment. METHODS: Suicide and non-fatal self-harm events retrieved from nationwide Swedish registers were examined in two cohorts. The non-randomised, prospective Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) study compared bariatric surgery (n=2010; 1369 vertical-banded gastroplasty, 376 gastric banding, and 265 gastric bypass) with usual care (n=2037; recruitment 1987-2001)...
January 9, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326894/comparison-study-for-body-image-education-of-domestic-and-overseas-female-college-students
#7
Tae-Young Kim
The 2016 health education index showed such tendency as well including their raised obesity index, and reported that they are much interested in body images appearing externally. Accordingly, in this study, we conducted the self-reported questionnaire aimed at a total of 389 subjects composed of domestic (n= 226) and overseas (n= 163) female college students from Asia, Europe, and Latin America so as to investigate their body images for face, figure and health through questionnaires. In this context, a survey was conducted with the method of this study, consequently indicating that overseas subjects are more greatly positive and active to body images (face, figure, and health) by health level, exercise preferences, extent of body activities and body weight than domestic ones...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324776/effect-of-a-lifestyle-intervention-in-obese-infertile-women-on-cardiometabolic-health-and-quality-of-life-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Lotte van Dammen, Vincent Wekker, Anne M van Oers, Meike A Q Mutsaerts, Rebecca C Painter, Aeilko H Zwinderman, Henk Groen, Cornelieke van de Beek, Anneke C Muller Kobold, Walter K H Kuchenbecker, Ron van Golde, Gerrit J E Oosterhuis, Niels E A Vogel, Ben Willem J Mol, Tessa J Roseboom, Annemieke Hoek
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity, an important cardiometabolic risk factor, is rising in women. Lifestyle improvements are the first step in treatment of obesity, but the success depends on factors like timing and motivation. Women are especially receptive to advice about lifestyle before and during pregnancy. Therefore, we hypothesize that the pre-pregnancy period provides the perfect window of opportunity to improve cardiometabolic health and quality of life of obese infertile women, by means of a lifestyle intervention...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321431/self-reported-slower-eating-is-associated-with-a-lower-salt-intake-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#9
Minako Wakasugi, Junichiro James Kazama, Ichiei Narita
Objective Evidence suggests that the eating rate is positively associated with the body weight and blood pressure. Furthermore, people who are overweight or obese tend to have higher salt intakes than those of normal weight. To investigate whether or not the eating rate is also associated with the salt intake, a cross-sectional study was conducted using health examination survey data collected in 2014 from 7,941 residents of Sado City, Niigata, Japan. Methods The eating rates were evaluated using a questionnaire; 11...
January 11, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317379/effect-of-a-gender-tailored-ehealth-weight-loss-program-on-the-depressive-symptoms-of-overweight-and-obese-men-pre-post-study
#10
Myles D Young, Philip J Morgan
BACKGROUND: Obesity and depression are of two of the largest contributors to the global burden of disease in men. Although lifestyle behavior change programs can improve participants' weight and depressive symptoms, the evidence is limited by a lack of male participants and a reliance on face-to-face treatment approaches, which are not accessible or appealing for many men. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effect of a gender-tailored electronic health (eHealth) program on the depressive symptoms of a community sample of overweight and obese men with or without depression...
January 9, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314140/prevalence-of-tinnitus-according-to-temporomanibular-joint-disorders-and-dental-pain-the-korean-national-population-based-study
#11
Y H Kim, Y G Park, K D Han, D Vu, K H Cho, S Y Lee
Some studies have reported that temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD) is related to tinnitus. However, there is no study of the relationship and prevalence of dental pain and tinnitus. We evaluated the associations between the prevalence of tinnitus and TMD and dental pain by analyzing the Korean national health survey. We analyzed total 11,745 participants. Presence of tinnitus, TMD symptoms, and dental pain were surveyed by self-assessment questionnaires from the all participants. Multivariable regression analysis was applied to acquire odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310572/support-needs-of-patients-with-obesity-in-primary-care-a-practice-list-survey
#12
Elizabeth H Evans, Kirby Sainsbury, Dominika Kwasnicka, Alex Bolster, Vera Araujo-Soares, Falko F Sniehotta
BACKGROUND: UK guidelines recommend that patients with obesity in primary care receive opportunistic weight loss advice from health care professionals, but there is a lack of research into the characteristics and existing weight management practices of these patients. The aim of this study was to characterise primary care patients with obesity in England, to inform the screening, support, and referral options appropriate to this group. METHODS: We surveyed 1309 patients registered at 15 GP practices in North East England, aged ≥18 years and with objectively recorded obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2)...
January 8, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296097/physical-activity-derived-from-questionnaires-and-wrist-worn-accelerometers-comparability-and-the-role-of-demographic-lifestyle-and-health-factors-among-a-population-based-sample-of-older-adults
#13
Chantal M Koolhaas, Frank Ja van Rooij, Magda Cepeda, Henning Tiemeier, Oscar H Franco, Josje D Schoufour
Background: Agreement between questionnaires and accelerometers to measure physical activity (PA) differs between studies and might be related to demographic, lifestyle, and health characteristics, including disability and depressive symptoms. Methods: We included 1,410 individuals aged 51-94 years from the population-based Rotterdam Study. Participants completed the LASA Physical Activity Questionnaire and wore a wrist-worn accelerometer on the nondominant wrist for 1 week thereafter...
2018: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285468/self-reported-knowledge-attitude-and-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-among-undergraduate-oral-health-students-at-a-university-in-south-africa
#14
Thomas K Madiba, Ahmed Bhayat, Ntombizodwa R Nkambule
Aims and Objectives: This study assessed the knowledge, attitude and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and its association with body mass index (BMI) among undergraduate oral health students. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional design was used and the study was conducted at a South African dental university. Undergraduate dental and oral hygiene students (n = 344) registered in 2015 were invited to participate. A self-administered questionnaire was used to elicit the necessary information...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281499/associations-between-the-combined-physical-activity-environment-socioeconomic-status-and-obesity-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
M Hobbs, C Griffiths, M A Green, H Jordan, J Saunders, J McKenna
AIMS: This study investigates associations between the combined physical activity environment and obesity and explores any sub-group effects by individual-level socioeconomic status. METHODS: In a large cross-sectional cohort ( n = 22,889) from the Yorkshire Health Study, body mass index was calculated using self-reported height and weight and obesity was defined as a body mass index ≥ 30. The physical activity environment was split into 'unfavourable physical activity', 'moderately favourable physical activity' and 'favourable physical activity' environments...
December 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259796/health-professionals-perceptions-of-insurance-coverage-for-weight-loss-services
#16
R S Doshi, S N Bleich, K A Gudzune
Objective: To examine health professionals' (HPs) perceptions of top challenges and solutions in obesity care, and whether these perceptions differ by patient-panel income level. Methods: A 2014 national cross-sectional survey of HPs in nutrition, nursing, behavioural or mental health, exercise and pharmacy was analysed. The dependent variables were identification of insurance coverage for their services as a top (1) challenge or (2) solution for obesity care. The independent variable was self-reported income distribution of HPs' patient panels, which was dichotomized as 'lower-income' if 'mostly low income' or 'higher-income' if 'mostly not low income/evenly split between low-income and not low-income'...
December 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258981/health-app-use-among-us-mobile-phone-users-analysis-of-trends-by-chronic-disease-status
#17
Rebecca Robbins, Paul Krebs, Ram Jagannathan, Girardin Jean-Louis, Dustin T Duncan
BACKGROUND: Mobile apps hold promise for serving as a lifestyle intervention in public health to promote wellness and attenuate chronic conditions, yet little is known about how individuals with chronic illness use or perceive mobile apps. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore behaviors and perceptions about mobile phone-based apps for health among individuals with chronic conditions. METHODS: Data were collected from a national cross-sectional survey of 1604 mobile phone users in the United States that assessed mHealth use, beliefs, and preferences...
December 19, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258469/blood-pressure-self-monitoring-in-pregnancy-bump-feasibility-study-a-qualitative-analysis-of-women-s-experiences-of-self-monitoring
#18
Lisa Hinton, Katherine L Tucker, Sheila M Greenfield, James A Hodgkinson, Lucy Mackillop, Christine McCourt, Trisha Carver, Carole Crawford, Margaret Glogowska, Louise Locock, Mary Selwood, Kathryn S Taylor, Richard J McManus
BACKGROUND: Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy are a leading cause of maternal and fetal morbidity worldwide. Raised blood pressure (BP) affects 10% of pregnancies worldwide, of which almost half develop pre-eclampsia. The proportion of pregnant women who have risk factors for pre-eclampsia (such as pre-existing hypertension, obesity and advanced maternal age) is increasing. Pre-eclampsia can manifest itself before women experience symptoms and can develop between antenatal visits. Incentives to improve early detection of gestational hypertensive disorders are therefore strong and self-monitoring of blood pressure (SMBP) in pregnancy might be one means to achieve this, whilst improving women's involvement in antenatal care...
December 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246415/beneficial-association-between-active-travel-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-latin-america-a-cross-sectional-analysis-from-the-chilean-national-health-survey-2009-2010
#19
Kabir P Sadarangani, Astrid Von Oetinger, Carlos Cristi-Montero, Andrea Cortinez-O'Ryan, Nicolas Aguilar-Farias, David Martínez-Gómez
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence on potential health benefits of active travel, independently of leisure-time physical activity (PA), with metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Latin-America. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between active travel and metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components in a national representative sample of Chilean adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 2864 randomly selected adults' participants enrolled in the 2009-2010 Chilean National Health Survey (CNHS)...
December 12, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243503/women-s-beliefs-about-what-causes-obesity-variation-by-race-ethnicity-and-acculturation-in-a-washington-state-sample
#20
Sarah Knerr, Rachel M Ceballos, Kwun Chuen Gary Chan, Shirley A A Beresford, Deborah J Bowen
OBJECTIVE: Individuals' beliefs about the causes of multifactorial health conditions (causal attributions) shape how they conceptualize and respond to health threats and are therefore important for health promotion. Studies of racial/ethnic and cultural variation in obesity causal beliefs, however, are scarce. To address this gap, this study described beliefs about the underlying causes of obesity (genetic inheritance, diet, and physical activity) in Hispanic and non-Hispanic White women participating in a longitudinal cohort study in South King County, Washington State (n = 1,002)...
December 15, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
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