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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925418/mhealth-application-areas-and-technology-combinations-a-comparison-of-literature-from-high-and-low-middle-income-countries
#1
Haitham Abaza, Michael Marschollek
BACKGROUND: With the continuous and enormous spread of mobile technologies, mHealth has evolved as a new subfield of eHealth. While eHealth is broadly focused on information and communication technologies, mHealth seeks to explore more into mobile devices and wireless communication. Since mobile phone penetration has exceeded other infrastructure in low and middle-income countries (LMICs), mHealth is seen as a promising component to provide pervasive and patient-centered care. OBJECTIVES: The aim of our research work for this paper is to examine the mHealth literature to identify application areas, target diseases, and mHealth service and technology types that are most appropriate for LMICs...
August 8, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925410/adiponectin-leptin-and-insulin-in-breast-milk-associations-with-maternal-characteristics-and-infant-body-composition-in-the-first-year-of-life
#2
D Chan, S Goruk, A B Becker, P Subbarao, P J Mandhane, S E Turvey, D Lefebvre, M R Sears, C J Field, M B Azad
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Breastfeeding may protect against excessive weight gain during infancy. However, the breast milk components responsible for this effect are unknown. We examined the variation of three breast milk hormones (adiponectin, leptin and insulin) according to maternal characteristics and determined their association with infant body composition. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We studied a representative subset of 430 breastfed infants in the CHILD birth cohort...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925105/childhood-obesity-and-school-absenteeism-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
R An, H Yan, X Shi, Y Yang
Regular school attendance is a key determinant of student's academic achievement and psychosocial development. Obesity may affect children's school attendance through its detrimental impact on their physical and mental health. A literature search was conducted in the PubMed, Web of Science and Cochrane Library for articles published until April 2017 that examined the relationship between unhealthy body weight and school absenteeism among children and adolescents. Thirteen studies total (10 cross-sectional and three longitudinal) conducted in seven countries were identified...
September 18, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919495/physical-exercise-and-cognitive-function-across-the-life-span-results-of-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#4
Beate Gaertner, Amanda K Buttery, Jonas D Finger, Steffen Wolfsgruber, Michael Wagner, Markus A Busch
OBJECTIVES: To examine cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between physical exercise and cognitive function across different age groups in a nationwide population-based sample of adults aged 18-79 years in Germany. DESIGN: Cross-sectional/prospective. METHODS: Cognitive function was assessed in the mental health module of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults (DEGS1-MH, 2009-2012, n=3535), using a comprehensive neuropsychological test battery...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916548/do-comorbidities-play-a-role-in-hand-osteoarthritis-disease-burden-data-from-the-hand-osteoarthritis-in-secondary-care-cohort
#5
Wendy Damman, Rani Liu, Féline P B Kroon, Monique Reijnierse, Tom W J Huizinga, Frits R Rosendaal, Margreet Kloppenburg
OBJECTIVE: Because the association and its clinical relevance between comorbidities and primary hand osteoarthritis (OA) disease burden is unclear, we studied this in patients with hand OA from our Hand OSTeoArthritis in Secondary care (HOSTAS) cohort. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the HOSTAS study were used, including consecutive patients with primary hand OA. Nineteen comorbidities were assessed: 18 self-reported (modified Charlson index and osteoporosis) and obesity (body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m(2))...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904715/awareness-of-hypertension-and-its-impact-on-blood-pressure-control-among-elderly-nigerians-report-from-the-ibadan-study-of-aging
#6
Yemi Raheem Raji, Taiwo Abiona, Oye Gureje
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is highly prevalent among the elderly. Its awareness has a direct influence on control through drug adherence. Earlier studies have shown that awareness of hypertension is low among sub-Saharan African populations but only a few studies have looked at the prevalence and awareness of hypertension among the elderly. METHODS: The Ibadan Study of Ageing is a longitudinal cohort study of the mental and physical health status as well as the functioning of elderly persons residing in the Yoruba-speaking areas of Nigeria...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899662/baseline-association-of-motoric-cognitive-risk-syndrome-with-sustained-attention-memory-and-global-cognition
#7
Fiachra J Maguire, Isabelle Killane, Andrew P Creagh, Orna Donoghue, Rose Anne Kenny, Richard B Reilly
OBJECTIVES: Slow gait has been shown to be a good predictor of declining cognitive function in healthy older adults. Motoric cognitive risk (MCR) syndrome is a new construct incorporating slow gait and subjective cognitive complaints in individuals without dementia who have preserved activities of daily living. This analysis investigated the prevalence of MCR and factors associated with MCR in a nationally representative population. In addition, cross-sectional associations between MCR and cognitive domains, an relationship yet to be fully elucidated in literature, was investigated...
September 9, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898445/characterizing-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-intellectual-disability-outcomes-of-a-case-finding-study
#8
L D Bryant, A M Russell, R E A Walwyn, A J Farrin, A Wright-Hughes, E H Graham, D Nagi, A Stansfield, J Birtwistle, S Meer, R A Ajjan, A O House
AIMS: To report the results of a case-finding study conducted during a feasibility trial of a supported self-management intervention for adults with mild to moderate intellectual disability and Type 2 diabetes mellitus, and to characterize the study sample in terms of diabetes control, health, and access to diabetes management services and support. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional case-finding study in the UK (March 2013 to June 2015), which recruited participants mainly through primary care settings...
September 12, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890989/association-between-maternal-nonresponsive-feeding-practice-and-child-s-eating-behavior-and-weight-status-children-aged-1-to-6%C3%A2-years
#9
Chunmei Shi, Nan Li, Jing Dong, Li Wang, Xiling Li, Chenbo Ji, Xingyun Wang, Xia Chi, Xirong Guo, Meiling Tong, Min Zhang
The purposes of this study are to investigate the prevalence of nonresponsive feeding practice (NRFP) and child's eating behavior (CEB) and to explore the hypothetical association between child's weight status, NRFP and CEB for 1- to 6-year-old children. In this study, 2423 caregivers of 1- to 6-year-old children are from the Nanjing Maternal and Child Health Hospital who completed the self-report questionnaires about their NRFP and CEB as well as their children's sociodemographic data. Chi-square test and multiple regression analyses were used to examine the correlation between child's weight status and NRFP and CEB...
September 11, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882122/prevalence-and-predictors-of-early-gestational-weight-gain-associated-with-obesity-risk-in-a-diverse-australian-antenatal-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
K Cheney, S Berkemeier, K A Sim, A Gordon, K Black
BACKGROUND: Excess gestational weight gain (GWG) leads to adverse short- and long-term consequences for women and their offspring. Evidence suggests that excess GWG in early pregnancy may be particularly detrimental, contributing to the intergenerational cycle of obesity. The primary outcome was to investigate the prevalence and predictors of excess GWG in early pregnancy, and if women understand the risks to themselves and their offspring stratified by maternal body mass index (BMI)...
September 7, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880840/implementation-of-best-practices-in-obesity-prevention-in-child-care-facilities-the-arizona-empower-program-2013-2015
#11
Jillian Papa, Joan Agostinelli, Gertrudes Rodriguez, Deborah Robinson
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a major health concern in every US age group. Approximately one in 4 children in Arizona's Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children is overweight or obese. The Arizona Department of Health Services developed the Empower program to promote healthy environments in licensed child care facilities. The program consists of 10 standards, including one standard for each of these 5 areas: physical activity and screen time, breastfeeding, fruit juice and water, family-style meals, and staff training...
September 7, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877254/prevalence-awareness-treatment-and-control-of-diabetes-and-impaired-fasting-glucose-in-the-southern-cone-of-latin-america
#12
Vilma Irazola, Adolfo Rubinstein, Lydia Bazzano, Matias Calandrelli, Chen Chung-Shiuan, Natalia Elorriaga, Laura Gutierrez, Fernando Lanas, Jose A Manfredi, Nora Mores, Hector Olivera, Rosana Poggio, Jacqueline Ponzo, Pamela Seron, Jiang He
AIMS: To determine the prevalence, treatment and control of diabetes mellitus (DM) and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) as well as associated factors in the adult population of four cities of the Southern Cone of Latin America (SCLA). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional population-based study that included 7407 adults between 35 and 74 years old in four cities of the SCLA: Temuco (Chile), Marcos Paz and Bariloche (Argentina), and Pando-Barros Blancos (Uruguay). DM was defined as fasting plasma glucose ≥126 mg/dL or self-reported history of diabetes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876481/measuring-the-implementation-of-a-school-wellness-policy
#13
Anastasia Snelling, Sarah Irvine Belson, Erin Watts, Elizabeth Malloy, Hugo Van Dyke, Stephanie George, Sandra Schlicker, Nancy Brenowitz Katz
BACKGROUND: With the rise in childhood obesity, school policies related to nutrition and physical activity have been written and implemented. In this paper, we present a model to evaluate the degree to which state legislation for school health policies are implemented at the school level. METHODS: Using Washington, DC's Healthy Schools Act (HSA) and a self-report measure of the implementation of the HSA, we illustrate the process of developing a composite score that can be used to measure compliance with the provisions of the law...
October 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872218/adolescents-self-perceived-and-actual-weight-which-plays-a-dominant-role-in-weight-loss-behaviour-in-lebanon
#14
S Assaad, S Anouti, F Naja, L Nasreddine, N Hwalla, A M Sibai
BACKGROUND: The decision to lose weight among adolescents is complex and is guided by a number of body-related factors. This study examined the extent of agreement between actual weight, measured as body mass index, and self-perceived weight and assessed their relative importance in weight loss behaviour among Lebanese adolescents. METHODS: Data on 278 adolescents aged 13-17 years were drawn from the nationwide Nutrition and Non-Communicable Disease Risk Factor Survey (Lebanon, 2009)...
September 4, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867791/the-non-linear-relationship-between-bmi-and-health-care-costs-and-the-resulting-cost-fraction-attributable-to-obesity
#15
Michael Laxy, Renée Stark, Annette Peters, Hans Hauner, Rolf Holle, Christina M Teuner
This study aims to analyse the non-linear relationship between Body Mass Index (BMI) and direct health care costs, and to quantify the resulting cost fraction attributable to obesity in Germany. Five cross-sectional surveys of cohort studies in southern Germany were pooled, resulting in data of 6757 individuals (31-96 years old). Self-reported information on health care utilisation was used to estimate direct health care costs for the year 2011. The relationship between measured BMI and annual costs was analysed using generalised additive models, and the cost fraction attributable to obesity was calculated...
August 30, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858268/fitness-fatness-and-active-school-commuting-among-liverpool-schoolchildren
#16
Robert J Noonan, Lynne M Boddy, Zoe R Knowles, Stuart J Fairclough
This study investigated differences in health outcomes between active and passive school commuters, and examined associations between parent perceptions of the neighborhood environment and active school commuting (ASC). One hundred-ninety-four children (107 girls), aged 9-10 years from ten primary schools in Liverpool, England, participated in this cross-sectional study. Measures of stature, body mass, waist circumference and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) were taken. School commute mode (active/passive) was self-reported and parents completed the neighborhood environment walkability scale for youth...
August 31, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854822/health-literacy-is-associated-with-health-behaviour-and-self-reported-health-a-large-population-based-study-in-individuals-with-cardiovascular-disease
#17
Anna Aaby, Karina Friis, Bo Christensen, Gill Rowlands, Helle Terkildsen Maindal
Background Health literacy may constitute a modifiable determinant of health behaviour and affect cardiovascular disease prevention. This study investigates the associations between health literacy and health behaviour as well as health status. Design A cross-sectional study on a population-based sample of people with acute myocardial infarction, angina pectoris or stroke ( N = 3116). Methods Health literacy was assessed using two dimensions from the Health Literacy Questionnaire: 'understanding health information' and 'engaging with healthcare providers'...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851330/childhood-obesity-and-adult-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#18
Amna Umer, George A Kelley, Lesley E Cottrell, Peter Giacobbi, Kim E Innes, Christa L Lilly
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity is a major public health concern that includes associations with the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors during childhood and adolescence as well as premature mortality in adults. Despite the high prevalence of childhood and adolescent obesity as well as adult CVD, individual studies as well as previous systematic reviews examining the relationship between childhood obesity and adult CVD have yielded conflicting results. The purpose of this study was to use the aggregate data meta-analytic approach to address this gap...
August 29, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846960/impact-of-obesity-and-mood-disorders-on-physical-comorbidities-psychological-well-being-health-behaviours-and-use-of-health-services
#19
Ahmed Jérôme Romain, Jacques Marleau, Aurélie Baillot
BACKGROUND: Albeit obesity and mood disorders frequently co-occur, few studies examined the impacts of this co-occurrence. The aim was to compare individuals with obesity and mood disorders (ObMD) to those with obesity without mood disorder in terms of physical comorbidities, psychological well-being, health behaviours and use of health services. METHODS: Cross-sectional study using the Canadian Community Health Survey including a weighted sample of individuals with obesity (n = 1298) representing inhabitants from the province of Quebec (Canada)...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846742/body-mass-index-and-self-rated-health-in-east-asian-countries-comparison-among-south-korea-china-japan-and-taiwan
#20
Jin-Won Noh, Jinseok Kim, Youngmi Yang, Jumin Park, Jooyoung Cheon, Young Dae Kwon
There have been conflicting findings regarding the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and self-rated health (SRH) worldwide. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between BMI and SRH by comparing its relationship in four East Asian countries: South Korea, China, Japan, and Taiwan. Using data from the East Asian Social Survey, the relationship between weight status and SRH status was investigated and compared between four countries, China, Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan. An ordinal logit regression model was estimated for each country, and the results were compared...
2017: PloS One
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