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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793149/educational-and-emotional-health-outcomes-in-adolescence-following-maltreatment-in-early-childhood-a-population-based-study-of-protective-factors
#1
Nisreen Khambati, Liam Mahedy, Jon Heron, Alan Emond
Although childhood maltreatment is associated with long-term impairment, some children function well despite this adversity. This study aimed to identify the key protective factors for good educational attainment and positive emotional health in adolescents who experienced maltreatment in early childhood. Data were analyzed from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, a large UK prospective cohort study. The sample was defined by maternally reported exposure to physical or emotional maltreatment by a parent prior to 5 years...
May 21, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792749/engagement-with-a-text-messaging-intervention-improves-adherence-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-brief-report
#2
Shuodan Zhang, Emily Hamburger, Sachini Kahanda, Morgan Lyttle, Rodayne Williams, Sarah S Jaser
Adherence to diabetes management is a challenge for adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Positive psychology interventions have improved adherence to treatment recommendations in adults with chronic health conditions but have not been widely tested in pediatric populations. We hypothesized that higher engagement with a text-messaging intervention to promote positive affect would increase the effects on diabetes management among adolescents with T1D. Adolescents with T1D (n = 48) and their caregivers were randomized to either an attention control condition or a novel positive psychology intervention delivered through personalized automated text messaging...
May 2018: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792581/victimization-and-violence-an-exploration-of-the-relationship-between-child-sexual-abuse-violence-and-delinquency
#3
Rebecca Shoaf Kozak, Melinda Gushwa, Tamara J Cadet
Child sexual abuse (CSA) continues to be a major public health issue with significant short- and long-term consequences. However, little contemporary research has examined the relationship between CSA and delinquent and violent behavior in adolescence. Children who have been sexually abused experience a unique form of victimization compared to children who have endured other forms of maltreatment, as CSA can result in feelings of shame, powerlessness and boundary violations. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of CSA on delinquent and violent behavior in adolescence...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792502/successful-validation-of-the-cat-mh-scales-in-a-sample-of-latin-american-migrants-in-the-united-states-and-spain
#4
Robert D Gibbons, Margarita Alegría, Li Cai, Lizbeth Herrera, Sheri Lapatin Markle, Francisco Collazos, Enrique Baca-García
We examined cultural differences in the item characteristic functions of self-reported of symptoms of depression, anxiety, and mania-hypomania in a Latino population taking Computerized Adaptive Tests for Mental Health (CAT-MH) in Spanish versus a non-Latino sample taking the tests in English. We studied differential item functioning (DIF) of the most common adaptively administered symptom items out of a bank of 1,008 items between Latino (n = 1276) and non-Latino (n = 798) subjects. For depression, we identified 4 items with DIF that were good discriminators for non-Latinos but poor discriminators for Latinos...
May 24, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792240/posttraumatic-stress-depression-and-coping-following-the-2015-nepal-earthquake-a-study-on-adolescents
#5
Asmita Sharma, Nilamadhab Kar
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to gather data on posttraumatic stress and depression in adolescents following the 2015 Nepal earthquake and explore the adolescents' coping strategies. METHODS: In a questionnaire-based, cross-sectional study about 1 year after the earthquake, adolescents in two districts with different degrees of impact were evaluated for disaster experience, coping strategies, and symptoms of posttraumatic stress and depression measured with the Child Posttraumatic Stress Scale and the Depression Self Rating Scale...
May 24, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792172/oral-health-and-orofacial-pain-in-people-with-dementia-admitted-to-acute-hospital-wards-observational-cohort-study
#6
Liza J M van de Rijt, Roxane A F Weijenberg, Alexandra R Feast, Victoria Vickerstaff, Frank Lobbezoo, Elizabeth L Sampson
BACKGROUND: Orofacial pain in people with dementia is difficult to detect, and often under-treated. Our aim was to investigate the prevalence of orofacial pain in people with dementia in acute hospitals in the UK. Secondary aims were to examine oral health status and explore associations between orofacial pain and oral health factors. METHODS: This cross-sectional observational study was carried out in two UK hospitals. Using the Orofacial Pain Scale in Non-Verbal Individuals (OPS-NVI) to identify orofacial pain, 101 participants with dementia, admitted to acute medical wards, were observed for at least 3 min during rest and chewing...
May 23, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792076/emotion-regulation-in-autism-reappraisal-and-suppression-interactions
#7
Ru Ying Cai, Amanda L Richdale, Cheryl Dissanayake, Julian Trollor, Mirko Uljarević
Emotion regulation has been proposed to be a transdiagnostic factor in the development and maintenance of psychopathology in the general population, yet the nature of the relationships between emotion regulation strategy use and psychological well-being has not been comprehensively explored in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The aim of this study was to assess how the individual differences in self-reported emotion regulation strategy use relate to levels of both positive and negative psychological well-being...
May 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792065/impaired-sleep-predicts-onset-of-low-back-pain-and-burnout-symptoms-evidence-from-a-three-wave-study
#8
Achim Elfering, Maria U Kottwitz, Özgür Tamcan, Urs Müller, Anne F Mannion
In a three-wave questionnaire study of 405 working participants, who were initially free of low back pain (LBP) and emotional exhaustion, sleep problems were evaluated as a potential risk factor for the development of LBP and burnout up to three years later. Prospective risk paths were compared between the sexes and between two age-groups (18 to 45 years and older than 45 years). A longitudinal structural equation model showed a good fit with empirical data (RMSEA = .04, SRMR = .06, CFI = .97). Prospective risk paths between the latent constructs showed sleep problems to significantly predict self-reported LBP (β = ...
May 24, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792051/predicting-suicide-attempts-and-suicide-deaths-following-outpatient-visits-using-electronic-health-records
#9
Gregory E Simon, Eric Johnson, Jean M Lawrence, Rebecca C Rossom, Brian Ahmedani, Frances L Lynch, Arne Beck, Beth Waitzfelder, Rebecca Ziebell, Robert B Penfold, Susan M Shortreed
OBJECTIVE: The authors sought to develop and validate models using electronic health records to predict suicide attempt and suicide death following an outpatient visit. METHOD: Across seven health systems, 2,960,929 patients age 13 or older (mean age, 46 years; 62% female) made 10,275,853 specialty mental health visits and 9,685,206 primary care visits with mental health diagnoses between Jan. 1, 2009, and June 30, 2015. Health system records and state death certificate data identified suicide attempts (N=24,133) and suicide deaths (N=1,240) over 90 days following each visit...
May 24, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791810/anal-fibropapillomas-containing-bovine-papillomavirus-type-2-dna-in-two-groups-of-heifers
#10
J S Munday, A A Cullum, N A Thomson, M Bestbier, T McCormack, A F Julian
CASE HISTORY: Anal warts were observed in heifers in two unrelated groups of animals. Heifers in one group developed visible warts 4 months after manual rectal examination and heifers in the other group developed warts 5 months after examination using a hand-held rectal ultrasound probe. CLINICAL FINDINGS: Large exophytic proliferative anal masses were observed in 5/15 (33%) heifers in one group and 13/149 (9%) heifers in the second group. Heifers in the second group were also noted to have similar masses on the underside of the tail at sites previously used for venepuncture and some of the heifers had skin warts...
May 23, 2018: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791807/beliefs-about-behavioral-determinants-of-obesity-in-appalachia-2011-2014
#11
Elise L Rice, Minal Patel, Katrina J Serrano, Chan L Thai, Kelly D Blake, Robin C Vanderpool
The populations of many Appalachian communities have high rates of unhealthy body weight. This study aimed to identify differences in beliefs about obesity between Appalachians and non-Appalachians. Our analyses explored health beliefs and behaviors among US adults aged ≥18 (n = 14 451) who responded to the Health Information National Trends Survey (2011-2014), of whom 1015 (8%) resided within the 420 counties recognized as Appalachian by the Appalachian Regional Commission. Using weighted regression analyses and controlling for sociodemographic characteristics and general health, we determined that self-reported body mass index was higher among Appalachians than among non-Appalachians ( B = 0...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791648/time-use-by-family-caregivers-of-elderly-with-dementia-an-integrative-review
#12
Elcyana Bezerra Carvalho, Anita Liberalesso Neri
OBJECTIVE: To describe the development of measures used between 1993 and 2016 to evaluate time use by family caregivers of elderly with dementia and to find out the patterns of time use identified in the literature. METHOD: An integrative review of articles was performed, indexed by the following terms: time use management, family caregiver and elderly. RESULTS: A total of 17 articles were found, of which seven were methodological. Among these seven articles, five were psychometric...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791646/repercussions-of-hospitalization-due-to-fall-of-the-elderly-health-care-and-prevention
#13
Adriana Remião Luzardo, Newton Ferreira de Paula Júnior, Marcelo Medeiros, Paula Carolina Bejo Wolkers, Silvia Maria Azevedo Dos Santos
OBJECTIVE: To know the repercussions of the fall reported by the elderly and their caregiver during hospitalization in a public hospital in Florianópolis city from October to December 2014. METHOD: Exploratory research with a qualitative approach, conducted by depth interviews with 16 participants, the eight elderly were hospitalized for falls and eight elderly caregivers. Data analysis were performed through the Thematic Content Analysis. RESULTS: It was evidenced the thematic axis: Faller Elderly supported by four thematic categories: Changes caused by Falls, I am a faller, I take care of me and Prevention of the Fall...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791615/health-literacy-and-self-rated-health-in-adults-primary-care-patients
#14
Suzana Raquel Lopes Marques, Andrezza Gonzalez Escarce, Stela Maris Aguiar Lemos
Purpose To verify the association between health literacy, social determinants and self-rated health in adult's primary health care patients. Methods this is an Observational cross-sectional study in which a total of 380 patients of the Unified Health System in the context of primary health care were interviewed. The sample was probabilistic, stratified by gender, age, and Basic Health Unit. Health literacy was evaluated by an instrument of analysis of the perception of adults about the understanding of health orientations and possible difficulties in this process (Health Literacy Scale)...
2018: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791529/prevalence-and-correlates-of-insufficient-physical-activity-in-school-adolescents-in-peru
#15
Bimala Sharma, Rosemary Cosme Chavez, Eun Woo Nam
OBJECTIVE To assess the prevalence and correlates of insufficient physical activity in adolescents in Peru. METHODS We used a self-administered questionnaire developed from Global school-based Student Health Survey to collect information from secondary school students in North Lima and Callao in 2015. We carried out Poisson regression with robust variance using generalized linear models to estimate the crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (APR) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) of insufficient physical activity for its correlates...
2018: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791509/health-outcomes-and-adherence-to-a-healthy-lifestyle-after-a-multimodal-intervention-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-three-year-follow-up
#16
Claudia H Marck, Alysha M De Livera, Chelsea R Brown, Sandra L Neate, Keryn L Taylor, Tracey J Weiland, Emily J Hadgkiss, George A Jelinek
BACKGROUND: Modifiable risk factors such as smoking and sedentary lifestyle adversely affect multiple sclerosis (MS) progression. Few multimodal behavioural interventions have been conducted for people with MS, and follow-up beyond 1 year is rare for lifestyle interventions. This study assessed adoption and adherence to healthy lifestyle behaviours and health outcomes 3 years after a lifestyle modification intervention, using generalized estimating equation models to account for within-participant correlation over time...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791212/indian-novice-nurses-perceptions-of-their-role-in-caring-for-women-who-have-experienced-intimate-partner-violence
#17
Sailaxmi Gandhi, Vijayalakshmi Poreddi, Reddy Ss Nikhil, Marimuthu Palaniappan, Suresh Bada Math
BACKGROUND: intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant health problem and a gross violation of the human rights of women. Nurses play an important role in providing support for these women. There is limited research on nurses' understanding and perceptions of their role in caring for women with IPV issues in India. AIM: to assess novice nurses' perceptions of self-efficacy, educational preparedness and their role in this area. METHODS: this was a cross-sectional descriptive survey carried out among a convenience sample of novice nurses (n=83) at a tertiary care centre using self-reported questionnaires...
May 24, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790996/dna-methylation-and-inflammation-marker-profiles-associated-with-a-history-of-depression
#18
Bethany Crawford, Zoe Craig, Georgina Mansell, Isobel White, Adam Smith, Steve Spaull, Jennifer Imm, Eilis Hannon, Andrew Wood, Hanieh Yaghootkar, Yingjie Ji, Niamh Mullins, Cathryn M Lewis, Jonathan Mill, Therese M Murphy
Depression is a common and disabling disorder, representing a major social and economic health issue. Moreover, depression is associated with the progression of diseases with an inflammatory etiology including many inflammatory-related disorders. At the molecular level, the mechanisms by which depression might promote the onset of these diseases and associated immune-dysfunction are not well understood. In this study we assessed genome-wide patterns of DNA methylation in whole blood-derived DNA obtained from individuals with a self-reported history of depression (n = 100) and individuals without a history of depression (n = 100) using the Illumina 450K microarray...
May 22, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790990/women-s-mental-health-in-the-perinatal-period-according-to-migrant-status-the-french-representative-elfe-birth-cohort
#19
Fabienne El-Khoury, Anne-Laure Sutter-Dallay, Lidia Panico, Marie-Aline Charles, Elie Azria, Judith Van der Waerden, Maria Melchior
Background: Mental health problems in the perinatal period are common. We examined associations between different categories of migrant status and region of origin in relation to mental health during pregnancy and at 2 months post-partum. Methods: We analyzed data from the French nationally representative Etude Longitudinale Française depuis l'Enfance birth cohort (n = 17 988). Migrant status was divided into five categories: 'majority population', 'descendants with one migrant parent', 'descendants with two migrant parents', 'naturalized migrant' and 'non-naturalized migrant women'...
June 1, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790778/survey-of-family-related-factors-of-children-treated-under-dental-general-anaesthesia
#20
P Rajavaara, M-L Laitala, H Vähänikkilä, V Anttonen
AIM: Treatment under general anaesthesia (DGA) is a rising trend in Finland. There is a great need to investigate the causes leading to it. Our purpose was to examine family-related factors reported by parents, such as the family size and favoring DGA in the family, and their influence on children being treated under DGA. This survey was based on a questionnaire targeted to parents of children whose dental treatment could not be performed in a conventional setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Guardians of 87 healthy children treated under DGA at a municipal health center in the city of Oulu, Finland, between November 2014 and December 2015 answered the questionnaire on family-related background factors and on the respondent's own as well as their child's presumed dental fear...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
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