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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352219/new-alkylresorcinol-metabolites-in-spot-urine-as-biomarkers-of-whole-grain-wheat-and-rye-intake-in-a-swedish-middle-aged-population
#1
Rikard Landberg, Roksana Wierzbicka, Lin Shi, Sanna Nybacka, Afaf Kamal-Eldin, Bo Hedblad, Anna Karin Lindroos, Anna Winkvist, Heléne Bertéus Forslund
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Studies on the health effects of whole grains typically use self-reported intakes which are prone to large measurement errors. Dietary biomarkers that can provide an objective measure of intake are needed. New alkylresorcinol (AR) metabolites (3,5-dihydroxycinnamic acid (DHCA), 2-(3,5-dihydroxybenzamido)acetic acid (DHBA-glycine) and 5-(3,5-dihydroxyphenyl) pentanoic acid (DHPPTA)) in 24 h urine samples have been suggested as biomarkers for whole grain (WG) wheat and rye intake but remain to be evaluated in spot urine samples...
January 19, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351811/rate-and-determinants-of-non-adherence-to-a-gluten-free-diet-and-nutritional-status-assessment-in-children-and-adolescents-with-celiac-disease-in-a-tertiary-brazilian-referral-center-a-cross-sectional-and-retrospective-study
#2
Maraci Rodrigues, Glauce Hiromi Yonaminez, Carla Aline Satiro
BACKGROUND: Compliance with a gluten-free diet (GFD) is difficult at all ages but particularly for teenagers due to social, cultural, economic, and practical pressures. The multidisciplinary team responsible for the treatment of patients with celiac disease and give support to their parents plays a special role on strengthening GFD and assessing the nutritional and physical health. METHODS: A cross-sectional and retrospective study including patients under 20 years of age, with biopsy-confirmed CD, followed regularly at the Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, Hospital das Clínicas, University of Sao Paulo, School of Medicine, Sao Paulo, Brazil, were surveyed using a questionnaire and serologic test applied between November 2011 and February 2012...
January 19, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351632/presenteeism-in-academic-employees-occupational-and-individual-factors
#3
G Kinman, S Wray
Background: There is growing evidence that presenteeism can be damaging for individuals and organizations. It is, therefore, important to identify the prevalence of working while sick in different working environments and the factors that contribute to such behaviour. Aims: To examine the prevalence of self-reported presenteeism in academic staff working in UK universities and colleges and the extent to which job demands, control, support and work engagement are risk factors...
January 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351574/self-reported-knowledge-correct-knowledge-and-use-of-uk-drinking-guidelines-among-a-representative-sample-of-the-english-population
#4
Penny Buykx, Jessica Li, Lucy Gavens, Lucie Hooper, Elena Gomes de Matos, John Holmes
Aims: Promotion of lower risk drinking guidelines is a commonly used public health intervention with various purposes, including communicating alcohol consumption risks, informing drinkers' decision-making and, potentially, changing behaviour. UK drinking guidelines were revised in 2016. To inform potential promotion of the new guidelines, we aimed to examine public knowledge and use of the previous drinking guidelines, including by population subgroup. Methods: A demographically representative, cross-sectional online survey of 2100 adults living in England in July 2015 (i...
January 17, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351569/neighborhood-disadvantage-and-body-mass-index-a-study-of-residential-relocation
#5
Jerome N Rachele, Anne Kavanagh, Wendy J Brown, Aislinn M Healy, Gavin Turrell
Natural experiments, such as longitudinal observational studies which follow-up residents as they relocate, provide a strong basis to infer causation between the neighborhood environment and health. This study examined whether changes in the level of neighborhood disadvantage were associated with changes in body mass index (BMI) following residential relocation. This analysis included data from 928 residents who relocated between 2007 and 2013, across four waves of the HABITAT study in Brisbane, Australia. Neighborhood disadvantage was measured using a census-derived composite index...
January 17, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351391/the-bile-acids-deoxycholic-acid-and-ursodeoxycholic-acid-regulate-colonic-epithelial-wound-healing
#6
Magdalena S Mroz, Natalia K Lajczak, Bridie J Goggins, Simon Keely, Stephen Joseph Keely
The intestinal epithelium constitutes an innate barrier which, upon injury, undergoes self-repair processes known as restitution. Although, bile acids are known as important regulators of epithelial function in health and disease, their effects on wound healing processes are not yet clear. Here we set out to investigate the effects of the colonic bile acids, deoxycholic acid (DCA) and ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) on epithelial restitution. Wound healing in T84 cell monolayers grown on transparent, permeable, supports was assessed over 48 hrs {plus minus} bile acids...
January 11, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351310/healthy-ageing-at-work-efficacy-of-group-interventions-on-the-mental-health-of-nurses-aged-45-and-older-results-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Imad Maatouk, Andreas Müller, Peter Angerer, Renate Schmook, Christoph Nikendei, Kirsten Herbst, Melanie Gantner, Wolfgang Herzog, Harald Gündel
OBJECTIVE: This multicentre, randomised controlled trial (RCT) aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a small-group intervention promoting successful ageing at work in older nurses (aged ≥45). METHOD: A sample of 115 nurses aged ≥45 from 4 trial sites in Germany were randomly assigned to either the intervention group (IG), that received a small-group intervention of seven weekly sessions of 120 min with a booster session after six weeks or to a wait-list control condition (WLC)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351157/association-between-cotinine-verified-smoking-status-and-risk-of-colorectal-neoplasia
#8
Nam Hee Kim, Yoon Suk Jung, Hyo-Joon Yang, Soo-Kyung Park, Jung Ho Park, Dong Il Park, Chong Il Sohn
GOALS: We evaluated the association of urinary cotinine-verified smoking status with the risk of colorectal neoplasia (CRN). BACKGROUND: Many studies have reported the association between the risk of CRN and smoking status, based on self-reported questionnaires. Although self-reported smoking status may be inaccurate, to our knowledge, no study has yet assessed the association between objective biomarkers of tobacco exposure and the risk of CRN. STUDY: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 96,806 asymptomatic examinees who underwent colonoscopy and urinary cotinine measurements as part of a health check-up...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351138/the-effect-of-melatonin-upon-postacute-withdrawal-among-males-in-a-residential-treatment-program-m-paws-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#9
Corry D Bondi, Khalid M Kamal, David A Johnson, Paula A Witt-Enderby, Vincent J Giannetti
OBJECTIVE: Assess the effect of melatonin (5 mg) compared with placebo as an adjuvant treatment along with current behavioral and pharmacotherapy for 28 days on weekly self-reported severity of anxiety, depression, stress, and sleep complaints, and also how sleep is affecting daily life in males 18 years of age and older in recovery from substance use at a residential program in south-western Pennsylvania. BACKGROUND: Individuals in recovery experience a variety of symptoms including, but are not limited to, anxiety, depression, sleep difficulties, and stress...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350459/nourish-t-targeting-caregivers-to-improve-health-behaviors-in-pediatric-cancer-survivors-with-obesity
#10
Marilyn Stern, Jennifer Bleck, Linda J Ewing, Esther Davila, Courtney Lynn, Gregory Hale, Suzanne Mazzeo
BACKGROUND: Obesity rates in pediatric cancer survivors (PCS) are alarmingly high. Although healthy lifestyle changes may prevent future health complications, promoting healthy behaviors in PCS is challenging, and few interventions have successfully addressed this issue. PROCEDURE: This randomized control trial evaluated the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of a parent-focused six-session intervention, NOURISH-T (Nourishing Our Understanding of Role Modeling to Improve Support and Health for Healthy Transitions), compared with enhanced usual care (EUC) on the outcomes of caregiver and PCS anthropometric measurements, eating behaviors, and physical activity...
January 19, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350456/a-prospective-study-of-family-predictors-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-pediatric-brain-tumor-survivors
#11
Lauren F Quast, Peter C Phillips, Yimei Li, Anne E Kazak, Lamia P Barakat, Matthew C Hocking
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to examine prospectively the associations between family functioning at the end of tumor-directed treatment and the health-related quality of life (HRQL) of pediatric brain tumor survivors (PBTSs) approximately 9 months later. PROCEDURE: Thirty-five PBTS (age 6-16 years) and their mothers completed measures of family functioning and survivor HRQL within 5 months of completing tumor-directed therapy (baseline) and again approximately 9 months later (follow-up)...
January 19, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350344/the-relationship-between-exercise-dose-and-health-related-quality-of-life-with-a-phase-iii-cardiac-rehabilitation-program
#12
Borja Del Pozo-Cruz, Graeme Carrick-Ranson, Stacey Reading, Paul Nolan, Lance C Dalleck
PURPOSE: To quantify the relationship between the change in exercise dose and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in a cohort of patients participating in a community-based phase-3 cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program. METHODS: A retrospective, pre-experimental (no control group) design of 58 participants that completed a phase-3, 12-week exercise-based CR program was used to test the current hypothesis. Self-reported HRQoL (36-Item Short Form Health Survey Version 2, SF-36v2) was assessed prior and after completing the CR program...
January 19, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349924/parental-supervision-for-their-children-s-toothbrushing-mediating-effects-of-planning-self-efficacy-and-action-control
#13
Kyra Hamilton, Stephen Cornish, Aaron Kirkpatrick, Jeroen Kroon, Ralf Schwarzer
OBJECTIVES: With 60-90% of children worldwide reportedly experiencing dental caries, poor oral health in the younger years is a major public health issue. As parents are important to children's oral hygiene practices, we examined the key self-regulatory behaviours of parents for supervising their children's toothbrushing using the health action process approach. DESIGN AND METHOD: Participants (N = 281, 197 mothers) comprised Australian parents of 2- to 5-year-olds...
January 18, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349899/collaborative-child-home-injury-prevention-in-thailand-an-action-research-study
#14
Alison I Machin, Amornrat Ngamsuoy, Pauline Pearson
Child home accidental injury is a global health issue, and promoting child safety is a pediatric nursing challenge worldwide. Planning child home accidental injury prevention requires understanding of factors influencing parents' behavior. Evidence suggests that participatory health promotion positively influences behavior; however, research on Thai parents is limited. This qualitative, action research study aimed to understand Thai parents' experiences of participating in a collaborative child home accidental injury prevention program and its influence on their behavior...
January 18, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349847/increased-pain-sensitivity-in-migraine-and-tension-type-headache-coexistent-with-low-back-pain-a-cross-sectional-population-study
#15
S Ashina, R B Lipton, L Bendtsen, N Hajiyeva, D C Buse, A C Lyngberg, R Jensen
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is common in the general population and in individuals with primary headaches. We assessed the relative frequency of self-reported back pain in persons with and without primary headaches and examined pain sensitivity. METHOD: A population of 796 individuals completed a headache interview based on ICHD criteria and provided data of interest in a self-administered questionnaire. Headache cases were classified into chronic (≥15) (CH) or episodic (<15 headache days/month) (EH)...
January 19, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349283/is-self-rated-health-in-adolescence-a-predictor-of-prescribed-medication-in-adulthood-findings-from-the-nord-tr%C3%A3-ndelag-health-study-and-the-norwegian-prescription-database
#16
Tina Lokke Vie, Karl Ove Hufthammer, Turid Lingaas Holmen, Eivind Meland, Hans Johan Breidablik
Self-rated health (SRH) is a commonly used health indicator predicting morbidity and mortality in a range of populations. However, the relationship between SRH and medication is not well established. The aim of this study was to examine adolescent SRH as a predictor for prescribed medication later in young adulthood. Eighteen years' prospective data from the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT) and the Norwegian Prescription Database (NorPD) were analyzed. Baseline data, gathered from 8982 adolescents (mean age 16...
April 2018: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349275/living-with-parents-or-grandparents-increases-social-capital-and-survival-2014-general-social-survey-national-death-index
#17
Peter Muennig, Boshen Jiao, Elizabeth Singer
Introduction: After nearly a century-long trend toward single-family living arrangements, people in wealthy nations are increasingly living in multi-generational households. Multi-generational living arrangements can, in theory, increase psychological, social, and financial capital-factors associated with improvements in health and longevity. Methods: We conducted a survival analysis using the 2014 General Social Survey-National Death Index, a prospective multi-year survey...
April 2018: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349273/the-contribution-of-three-dimensions-of-allostatic-load-to-racial-ethnic-disparities-in-poor-fair-self-rated-health
#18
Alexis R Santos-Lozada, Jonathan Daw
Objective: This study evaluates whether different dimensions of physiological dysregulation, modeled individually rather than additively mediate racial/ethnic disparities in self-reported health. Methods: Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2005-2010) and the Karlson, Hold, and Breen (KHB) mediation model, this paper explores what operationalization of biomarker data most strongly mediate racial/ethnic disparities in poor/fair self-rated health (SRH) among adults in the United States, net of demographic, socioeconomic, behavioral, and medication controls...
April 2018: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349270/breaking-down-the-monolith-understanding-flu-vaccine-uptake-among-african-americans
#19
Sandra Crouse Quinn, Amelia Jamison, Ji An, Vicki S Freimuth, Gregory R Hancock, Donald Musa
Black adults are significantly less likely to be immunized for seasonal influenza when compared to Whites. This persistent disparity contributes to increased influenza-related morbidity and mortality in the African American population. Most scholarship on vaccine disparities has compared Whites and Blacks. Employing Public Health Critical Race Praxis, this study seeks to shift the focus to explore differences within the Black population. Utilizing a nationally-representative 2015 survey of US Black adults (n = 806), we explore differences by gender, age, income, and education across vaccine-related measures (e...
April 2018: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349248/association-of-financial-hardship-with-poor-sleep-health-outcomes-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#20
Dustin T Duncan, Su Hyun Park, Yazan A Al-Ajlouni, Lauren Hale, Girardin Jean-Louis, William C Goedel, Basile Chaix, Brian Elbel
Previous studies have identified an association between socioeconomic status and sleep health. While some research has studied this association among sexual minority groups, including men who have sex with men (MSM), they exclusively focused on US-based populations. The interplay between the two in shaping sleep health has not been previously examined on populations residing outside the US. This study considers both determinants, by investigating whether financial hardship is associated with sleep health among a sample of MSM in Paris, France...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
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