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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822254/a-systematic-review-of-hypertension-outcomes-and-treatment-strategies-in-older-adults
#1
REVIEW
Julienne K Kirk, Julie Allsbrook, Maggie Hansell, Emily M Mann
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the literature regarding blood pressure control and management in older adult patient population over 70 years of age. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using PubMed and capturing the data from 2006 to 2016. Terms used included MeSH headings for hypertension/therapy and antihypertension agents. A systematic review of published studies was performed. Articles including older patients (average age 70 years or older) being treated for hypertension were included...
July 25, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822166/-clinical-observation-of-modified-da-chaihu-decoction-in-treating-essential-hypertension-with-anxiety
#2
Xiang-Dong Zhang, Wang-Qiang Cheng, Yong-Gang Wang, Zheng Zhang
To observe the clinical efficacy of modified Da Chaihu decoction in treating essential hypertension with anxiety, the randomized, controlled, clinical trial was performed in this study. One hundred and twenty-six hypertensive patients with anxiety meeting the inclusive criteria were randomized into the treatment group and the control group. All of the included patients in the above 2 groups were treated by amlodipine besylate tablets. Patients in the treatment group were given Chinese herbal medicine modified Da Chaihu decoction every day...
June 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822115/comments-on-lyubarova-r-and-gosmanova-e-o-mineralocorticoid-receptor-blockade-in-end-stage-renal-disease-current-hypertension-reports-2017-19-5
#3
REVIEW
Alain Gay, Peter Kolkhof
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 18, 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822052/bariatric-surgery-worldwide-baseline-demographic-description-and-one-year-outcomes-from-the-second-ifso-global-registry-report-2013-2015
#4
Richard Welbourn, Dimitri J Pournaras, John Dixon, Kelvin Higa, Robin Kinsman, Johan Ottosson, Almino Ramos, Bart van Wagensveld, Peter Walton, Rudolf Weiner, Natan Zundel
BACKGROUND: Five International Federation for the Surgery of Obesity and Metabolic Disorders (IFSO) surveys since 1998 have estimated the volume and type of bariatric surgery being done in constituent member countries. These reports did not include baseline demographic descriptions. METHODS: An IFSO Global Registry pilot project in 2014 demonstrated that it was possible to amalgamate large numbers of individual patient data from different local and national database systems...
August 18, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822025/cardiovascular-health-in-st-louis-bosnian-americans
#5
Maximillian T Bourdillon, Asad S Akhter, Dejan Vrtikapa, Amer Avdagic, Marc A McNeese, Richard Lee, Dawn S Hui
In Bosnia and Herzegovina, cardiovascular disease accounts for nearly 50% of deaths. Cardiovascular health of resettled Bosnian-Americans has not been well-characterized. Our study aimed to quantify cardiovascular risk in Bosnian-Americans in St. Louis, the largest non-European center of resettlement. Seven community screenings focused on Bosnian-Americans were held. Cardiovascular risk was calculated to stratify individuals into low (<10%), moderate (10-20%), and high (>20%) risk. Those with self-reported coronary heart disease (CHD) or risk equivalent were considered high-risk...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822022/eryptosis-and-oxidative-damage-in-hypertensive-and-dyslipidemic-patients
#6
Carmen Elisa Pinzón-Díaz, José Víctor Calderón-Salinas, Margarita Marcela Rosas-Flores, Gerardo Hernández, Alicia López-Betancourt, Martha Angélica Quintanar-Escorza
Arterial hypertension is a disease that often coexists with dyslipidemia. Both disorders can produce oxidative stress. Studies in vivo and in vitro have proven that oxidative stress can induce an increment of the erythrocyte apoptosis (eryptosis), through the rise of free intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)]i). Higher levels of eryptosis have not been described in patients with hypertension, dyslipidemia, or both combined. This study involved 81 men between 26 and 50 years old, assorted into four groups: normotensive with and without dyslipidemia, and hypertensive with and without dyslipidemia...
August 18, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822014/functional-igf1r-variant-predicts-breast-cancer-risk-in-women-with-preeclampsia-in-california-teachers-study
#7
Mark J Powell, Julie Von Behren, Susan Neuhausen, Peggy Reynolds, Christopher C Benz
PURPOSE: Hypertension in pregnancy has been associated with decreased future risk of breast cancer in many but not all studies. In the Marin Women's Study, pregnancy-induced hypertension was shown to interact with the T allele of a functional IGF1R gene variant, rs2016347, to result in lower breast density, as well as decreased breast cancer risk. Our objective was to explore these findings in a larger sample of women from the California Teachers Study (CTS). METHODS: The CTS cohort consists of over 130,000 female educators...
August 18, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821888/risk-factors-for-epistaxis-in-patients-followed-in-general-practices-in-germany
#8
D U Seidel, L Jacob, K Kostev, A M Sesterhenn
<p>BACKGROUND: The goal of the present study was to analyze the risk factors for epistaxis in patients followed in general practices in Germany.</p> <p>METHODS: The current study sample included patients aged 18 years or older who received a first epistaxis diagnosis between January 2012 and December 2016 (index date). Epistaxis patients and controls without epistaxis were matched (1:1) on the basis of age, gender, insurance status and physician. </p> <p>RESULTS: A total of 16,801 patients with epistaxis and 16,801 control subjects were included in this study...
August 19, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821777/decompressive-craniectomy-in-the-management-of-intracranial-hypertension-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Danfeng Zhang, Qiang Xue, Jigang Chen, Yan Dong, Lijun Hou, Ying Jiang, Junyu Wang
We aim to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the prognostic value of decompressive craniectomy (DC) in patients with traumatic intracranial hypertension. PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, Web of Science, http://clinicaltrials.gov/ were searched for eligible studies. Ten studies were included in the systematic review, with four randomized controlled trials involved in the meta-analysis, where compared with medical therapies, DC could significantly reduce mortality rate [risk ratio (RR), 0...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821515/does-the-person-s-context-influence-engagement-in-life-activities-following-primary-knee-replacement-results-from-a-canadian-prospective-cohort-study
#10
Aileen M Davis, Viji Venkataramanan, Jessica Bytautas-Sillanpää, Anthony V Perruccio, Rosalind Wong, Lisa Carlesso, Fiona Webster
OBJECTIVE: The impact of the context of a person's life on recovery from surgical interventions is not well understood. This study evaluated if people's social, environmental and biomedical context was associated with change in frequency in engagement in life activities after total knee replacement (TKR). METHODS: 418 people aged 30+ years who had TKR were followed presurgery to 1 year postsurgery. The outcome was change in frequency in engagement in life activities measured by the Late Life Disability Index (LLDI)...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821435/model-based-population-pk-pd-analysis-of-furosemide-for-bp-lowering-effect-a-comparative-study-in-primary-and-secondary-hypertension
#11
Mahendra Shukla, Moustafa M A Ibrahim, Moon Jain, Swati Jaiswal, Abhisheak Sharma, Kashif Hanif, Jawahar Lal
Though numerous reports have demonstrated multiple mechanisms by which furosemide can exert its anti-hypertensive response. However, lack of studies describing PK-PD relationship for furosemide featuring its anti-hypertensive property has limited its usage as a blood pressure (BP) lowering agent. Serum concentrations and mean arterial BP were monitored following 40 and 80mgkg(-1) multiple oral dose of furosemide in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and DOCA-salt induced hypertensive (DOCA-salt) rats. A simultaneous population PK-PD relationship using Emax model with effect compartment was developed to compare the anti-hypertensive efficacy of furosemide in these rat models...
August 15, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820885/diagnostic-efficacy-of-noninvasive-liver-fibrosis-indexes-in-predicting-portal-hypertension-in-patients-with-cirrhosis
#12
Le Wang, Yuemin Feng, Xiaowen Ma, Guangchuan Wang, Hao Wu, Xiaoyu Xie, Chunqing Zhang, Qiang Zhu
BACKGROUND: Recent data suggest that noninvasive liver fibrosis indexes could be useful for predicting esophageal varices (EV) in cirrhotic patients. However, thus far, the diagnostic efficacy of these indexes in predicting portal hypertension (PH) in cirrhotic patients has been poorly evaluated. AIMS: To evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of noninvasive liver fibrosis indexes in the diagnosis of PH. METHODS: A total of 238 cirrhotic patients underwent hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) evaluation and relevant serum tests to analyze the variables associated with PH grade...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820870/controversies-in-the-identification-and-management-of-acute-pulmonary-hypertension-in-preterm-neonates
#13
REVIEW
Regan E Giesinger, Kiran More, Jodie Odame, Amish Jain, Robert P Jankov, Patrick J McNamara
It is increasingly recognized that the abnormal physiologic consequences of pulmonary hypertension (PH) may contribute to poor cardiopulmonary health in premature babies. Conflicting literature has led to clinical uncertainty, pathological misinterpretation and variability in treatment approaches among practitioners. There are several disorders with overlapping and interrelated presentations and other disorders with a similar clinical phenotype but diverse pathophysiological contributors. In this review, we provide a diagnostic approach for acute HRF in the preterm neonate, outline the pathophysiological conditions that may present as acute PH and discuss the implications of high pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) on the cardiovascular system...
August 18, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820855/resistance-exercise-order-does-not-affect-the-magnitude-and-duration-of-post-exercise-blood-pressure-in-older-women
#14
Crisieli M Tomeleri, João Pedro Nunes, Mariana F Souza, Aline Gerage, Alexandre Marcori, Kessi Cassiane Iarosz, Crivaldo Gomes Cardoso-Júnior, Edilson S Cyrino
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of two resistance exercise order on post-exercise blood pressure (BP) in trained, non-hypertensive older women. Sixteen women (68.3 ± 3.3 years, 63.5 ± 11.6 kg, 157.5 ± 5.1 cm) performed two sessions witheight exercises (3 sets of 8-12 repetitions) in distinct orders (from multi- to single-joint exercises [MS] or from single- to multi-joint exercises [SM]) and a control session, without exercise. Blood pressure and heart rate were obtained pre and post-sessions (60 min)...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820783/epidemiology-of-obesity-in-the-hispanic-adult-population-in-the-united-states
#15
Kimberly Y Z Forrest, Marcy J Leeds, Alexander C Ufelle
Obesity is a major health concern in Hispanic populations. This study evaluated the epidemiology of obesity and associated factors among Hispanics using the data from the 2013-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Among the 1241 participants (20 years of age or older), the prevalence rates were as follows: overweight, 77.1%; obesity, 42.4%; and central obesity, 57.0%. These rates were consistent throughout most age groups. Significantly, more females than males were obese. Higher obesity rates were seen among those with diabetes, high cholesterol, hypertension, heart disease, and arthritis...
October 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820677/comparing-measures-of-general-and-abdominal-adiposity-as-predictors-of-blood-pressure-in-college-students
#16
Demetrius A Abshire, Gia Mudd-Martin, Debra K Moser, Terry A Lennie
OBJECTIVE: To compare anthropometric measures of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), and sagittal abdominal diameter (SAD) as predictors of blood pressure in college students. PARTICIPANTS: Students (N = 116) were recruited from November 2012 through May 2014 at an urban university and rural community colleges. METHODS: Students underwent a brief physical examination during which anthropometric measures were obtained and blood pressure was measured...
August 18, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820560/severe-valvular-aortic-stenosis-and-fixed-subvalvular-aortic-stenosis-a-rare-and-challenging-combination
#17
Ayman Elbadawi, Marwan Saad, Islam Y Elgendy, Basarat Baig, Farhad Abtahian
A 58-year-old man with a history of hypertension presented with accelerating angina. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed a thickened aortic valve with pressure gradients and an estimated aortic valve area suggestive of mild aortic stenosis. Left heart catheterization demonstrated non-significant coronary artery disease. Pressure tracings showed a high left ventricular pressure and a mean gradient across the aortic valve of 69 mmHg. Subsequent transesophageal echocardiography revealed a subvalvular aortic stenosis that was secondary to the subaortic membrane, with severe valvular aortic stenosis...
March 2017: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820545/assessment-and-management-of-acute-severe-mitral-regurgitation-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#18
Marina Leitman, Vladimir Tyomkin, Ehud Raanani, Ram Sharony, Ludmila Tzatskin, Eli Peleg, Alex Blatt, Zvi Vered
BACKGROUND: Acute severe mitral regurgitation (MR) is a serious medical condition. Whilst clear guidelines exist regarding the management of chronic MR, acute severe MR is usually treated on an individual basis. Currently, few data exist regarding acute MR in the era of primary coronary interventions (PCI). The present study included patients admitted to the Department of Cardiology during recent years with acute severe MR of different etiologies, and an analysis of these data in the light of previous investigations...
March 2017: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820539/a-survey-of-non-communicable-diseases-and-their-risk-factors-among-university-employees-a-single-institutional-study
#19
Emmanuel I Agaba, Maxwell O Akanbi, Patricia A Agaba, Amaka N Ocheke, Zumnan M Gimba, Steve Daniyam, Edith N Okeke
BACKGROUND: The incidence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is rising globally, with its attendant morbidity and mortality, especially in developing countries. This study evaluated the prevalence of NCDs and their risk factors among members of a university community. METHODS: All employees of the university were invited to the University health clinic for screening, using the World Health Organisation's STEPwise approach to NCDs. RESULTS: A total of 883 (521; 59...
August 15, 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820410/-changing-of-stillbirth-risks-in-different-options-of-its-registration
#20
S Mamedova
Purpose of the study - comparing of stillbirth rates and some of its risk factors in different options (after 22 and 28 completed weeks of gestation) of its registration. This study was conducted on the basis of a regional prenatal centre. Monitoring was conducted retrospectively with continuous coverage of all cases of completed pregnancy after 22 completed weeks of gestation. Stillbirth coefficient was calculated based on body weight (500 grams or more - I option, and a 1000 grams - II option) based on 100 of all birth cases (corresponding to 500 grams body weight or more, and 1,000 grams or more)...
July 2017: Georgian Medical News
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