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MiRNA obesity

Carmela Nardelli, Ilaria Granata, Laura Iaffaldano, Valeria D'Argenio, Valentina Del Monaco, Giuseppe Maria Maruotti, Daniela Omodei, Luigi Del Vecchio, Pasquale Martinelli, Francesco Salvatore, Mario Rosario Guarracino, Lucia Sacchetti, Lucio Pastore
Clinical findings and data obtained in animal models indicate that nutrient uptake and exposure to environmental agents during pregnancy may affect fetal/newborn gestational programming thereby resulting in obesity and/or obesity-related disorders in offspring. Human amniotic mesenchymal stem cells (hA-MSCs) differentiate into adipocytes, and are thus a suitable model to investigate adipocyte functions in obesity. The aim of this study was to elucidate the miRNome of hA-MSCs and its contribution to obesity in pregnancy...
October 20, 2016: Stem Cells and Development
Eun Hee Koh, Yong Chen, David A Bader, Mark P Hamilton, Bin He, Brian York, Shingo Kajimura, Sean E McGuire, Sean M Hartig
The acquisition of beige adipocyte features by white fat cells corresponds to protection against obesity-induced metabolic diseases in humans and animal models of type 2 diabetes. In adipose tissue, expression of the E2-SUMO ligase Ubiquitin Carrier Protein 9 (Ubc9) is positively correlated with markers of insulin resistance and corresponds with impaired browning of human white adipocytes. However, the molecular regulation of Ubc9 expression in adipocytes and other cells remains unclear. In this study, we demonstrated the mRNA and protein expression of Ubc9 are regulated by the microRNA miRNA-30a (miR-30a) in human subcutaneous adipocytes...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Tanes I Lima, Hygor N Araujo, Eveline S Menezes, Carlos H Sponton, Michel B Araújo, Lucas H M Bomfim, André L Queiroz, Madla A Passos, Thais Amaral E Sousa, Sandro M Hirabara, Amanda R Martins, Helena C L B Sampaio, Alice Rodrigues, Rui Curi, Everardo M Carneiro, Antônio C Boschero, Leonardo R Silveira
Mitochondria play a critical role in several cellular processes and cellular homeostasis. Mitochondrion dysfunction has been correlated with numerous metabolic diseases such as obesity and type 2 diabetes. MicroRNAs are non-coding RNAs that have emerged as key regulators of cell metabolism. The microRNAs act as central regulators of metabolic gene networks by leading to the degradation of their target messenger RNA or repression of protein translation. In addition, vesicular and non-vesicular circulating miRNAs exhibit a potential role as mediators of the cross-talk between the skeletal muscle and other tissues/organs...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
L Dioni, S Sucato, V Motta, S Iodice, L Angelici, C Favero, T Cavalleri, L Vigna, B Albetti, S Fustinoni, P Bertazzi, A Pesatori, V Bollati
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological studies suggest a link between chromium (Cr) status and cardiovascular disease. Increased urinary excretion of Cr was reported in subjects with diabetes compared with non-diabetic controls and those with non-diabetic insulin resistance. Epigenetic alterations have been linked to the presence of Cr, and microRNA (miRNA) expression has been implicated in the pathogenesis of metabolic diseases and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). We investigated the association between Cr excretion and miRNA expression in leukocytes from obese subjects...
October 12, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Carmela Nardelli, Ilaria Granata, Laura Iaffaldano, Valeria D'Argenio, Valentina Del Monaco, Giuseppe Maria Maruotti, Luigi Del Vecchio, Pasquale Martinelli, Francesco Salvatore, Mario Rosario Guarracino, Lucia Sacchetti, Lucio Pastore
Experimental evidence indicates differences between women and men in several medical areas, including susceptibility to metabolic diseases. Sexual dimorphism could be influenced by microRNA (miRNA)-mediated regulation of gene expression, and miRNAs have also been implicated in fetal programming of obesity. Our previous finding of altered proteome in human amniotic stem cells (hA-MSCs) during obesity (Ob-) prompted us to look for gender-related differences in the miRNA regulation of gene expression in Ob-hA-MSCs that might be involved in metabolic changes...
October 5, 2016: Stem Cells and Development
Joy N Jones Buie, Andrew J Goodwin, James A Cook, Perry V Halushka, Hongkuan Fan
Coronary artery disease and atherosclerosis are complex pathologies that develop over time due to genetic and environmental factors. Differential expression of miRNAs has been identified in patients with coronary artery disease and atherosclerosis, however, their association with cardiovascular disease risk factors, including hyperlipidemia, hypertension, obesity, diabetes, lack of physical activity and smoking, remains unclear. This review examines the role of miRNAs as either biomarkers or potential contributors to the pathophysiology of these aforementioned risk factors...
September 22, 2016: Atherosclerosis
Teresa Auguet, Gemma Aragonès, Alba Berlanga, Esther Guiu-Jurado, Andreu Martí, Salomé Martínez, Fàtima Sabench, Mercé Hernández, Carmen Aguilar, Joan Josep Sirvent, Daniel Del Castillo, Cristóbal Richart
Specific miRNA expression profiles have been shown to be associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We examined the correlation between the circulating levels and hepatic expression of miR122 and miR33a/b*, the key lipid metabolism-related gene expression and the clinicopathological factors of obese women with NAFLD. We measured miR122 and miR33a/b* expression in liver samples from 62 morbidly obese (MO), 30 moderately obese (ModO), and eight normal-weight controls. MiR122 and miR33a/b* expression was analyzed by qRT-PCR...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Akiko Eguchi, Raul G Lazaro, Jiaohong Wang, Jihoon Kim, Davide Povero, Brandon Willliams, Samuel B Ho, Peter Stärkel, Bernd Schnabl, Lucila Ohno-Machado, Hidekazu Tsukamoto, Ariel E Feldstein
: Extracellular vesicles (EVs) released during cell stress, or demise, can contain a barcode of the cell origin including specific microRNAs (miRNAs). Here we tested the hypothesis that during early alcoholic steatohepatitis (ASH) development, hepatocytes (HCs) release EVs with a miRNA signature that can be measured in circulation. A time course experiment showed that after two weeks of intragastric infusion, a time-point that results in isolated steatosis, there was no increase of blood EVs...
September 17, 2016: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
N Schlabritz-Loutsevitch, K Apostolakis-Kyrus, R Krutilina, G Hubbard, M Kocak, Z Janjetovic, S Sathanandam, A T Slominski, G Mari, E Dick
BACKGROUND: Obesity in pregnancy (MO) is a risk factor for maternal and/or fetal cardiovascular system disorders. This study evaluated maternal CVS expression of microRNA-29 family and its target molecules in MO to test the hypotheses: CVS miR-29 concentrations are increased in pregnancy and decreased in MO. METHODS: Non-pregnant (n=4), pregnant obese (POb, n=4), and pregnant non-obese (PnOb, n=4) baboons (Papio spp.) were studied. Maternal left ventricle (LV), left atrium (LA), and aortic arch (AA) were collected at the end of gestation...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Medical Primatology
Ramanathan K Kasimanickam
The objective was to elucidate gene expression differences in uterus, caruncle, and cotyledon of ewes with subclinical pregnancy toxemia (SCPT) and healthy ewes, and to identify associated biological functions and pathways involved in pregnancy toxemia. On Day 136 (±1 day) post-breeding, ewes (n = 18) had body condition score (BCS; 1-5; 1, emaciated; 5, obese) assessed, and blood samples were collected for plasma glucose and β-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA) analyses. The ewes were euthanized, and tissue samples were collected from the gravid uterus and placentomes...
2016: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Gianguido Cossellu, Valeria Motta, Laura Dioni, Laura Angelici, Luisella Vigna, Giampietro Farronato, Angela Cecilia Pesatori, Valentina Bollati
OBJECTIVES: In this study on 90 individuals we aimed at evaluating the microRNAs (miRNAs) expression profile associated with personal levels of Titanium (Ti) and Zirconium (Zr) traced in hair samples. Ti and Zr materials are broadly used for dental implants but the biological reactions triggered by a long term presence of these materials in the oral cavity still need to be assessed. MiRNAs are mechanisms that need to be investigated as they play a fundamental role in the control of gene expression following external stimuli and contribute to a wide range of pathophysiological processes...
2016: PloS One
M Gong, S Antony, R Sakurai, J Liu, M Iacovino, V K Rehan
OBJECTIVE: Although intrauterine nutritional stress is known to result in offspring obesity and metabolic phenotype, the underlying cellular/molecular mechanisms remain incompletely understood. We tested the hypothesis that compared to the controls, the bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) of the intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR) offspring exhibit to a more adipogenic phenotype. METHODS: A well-established rat model of maternal food restriction (MFR), i...
September 7, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Yang Liu, Wenbo Fu, Mu Lu, Shitao Huai, Yaqin Song, Yutao Wei
Background. Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is identified as an atypical fat depot surrounding the heart with a putative role in the involvement of metabolic disorders, including obesity, type-2 diabetes mellitus, and atherosclerosis. We profiled miRNAs in EAT of metabolic patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) versus metabolically healthy patients by microarray. Compared to metabolically healthy patients, we identified forty-two miRNAs that are differentially expressed in patients with CAD and T2DM from Xinjiang, China...
2016: BioMed Research International
Haidong Wang, Bin Wang
Skeletal muscle function is important for good health and independent living, and has been subject to numerous studies focused on skeletal muscle development, function and metabolism. However, progressive and degenerative changes in skeletal muscle function often occur following physiological and pathological stress, and these lead to the progression of diabetes, obesity, chronic kidney disease, and cardiovascular or respiratory diseases. Identifying the mechanisms that influence the processes regulating skeletal muscle function is a key priority...
September 2016: Biomedical Reports
Maria Z Alfaradhi, Laura C Kusinski, Denise S Fernandez-Twinn, Lucas C Pantaleão, Sarah K Carr, David Ferland-McCollough, Giles S H Yeo, Martin Bushell, Susan E Ozanne
Obesity during pregnancy has a long-term effect on the health of the offspring including risk of developing the metabolic syndrome. Using a mouse model of maternal diet-induced obesity we employed a genome-wide approach to investigate the miRNA and miRNA transcription profile in adipose tissue to understand mechanisms through which this occurs. Male offspring of diet-induced obese mothers, fed a control diet from weaning, showed no differences in body weight or adiposity at 8 weeks of age. However offspring from the obese dams had upregulated cytokine (Tnfα; p<0...
September 1, 2016: Endocrinology
Sandra Aparecida Benite-Ribeiro, David Alan Putt, Marlos Cruzeiro Soares-Filho, Júlia Matzenbacher Santos
The incidence of obesity, one of the main risks for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, has been rising, and changes in eating behavior are associated with this increasing rate. Body weight is maintained via a complex integration of endocrine and neuronal inputs that regulate the control of orexigenic and anorexigenic neuropeptides in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus. Overfeeding may disrupt the mechanisms of feeding control, increasing orexigenic peptides such as neuropeptide Y (NPY), and/or decreasing the anorexigenic peptide proopiomelanocortin (POMC) leading to a change in energy balance and body-weight index...
August 24, 2016: Appetite
Giuseppe Iacomino, Paola Russo, Ilaria Stillitano, Fabio Lauria, Pasquale Marena, Wolfgang Ahrens, Pasquale De Luca, Alfonso Siani
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs involved in the modulation of gene expression and in the control of numerous cell functions. Alterations of miRNA patterns frequently occur in cancer and metabolic disorders, including obesity. Recent studies showed remarkable stability of miRNAs in both plasma and serum making them suitable as potential circulating biomarkers for a variety of diseases and conditions. The aim of this study was to assess the profile of circulating miRNAs expressed in plasma samples of overweight or obese (OW/Ob) and normal weight (NW) prepubertal children from a European cohort (www...
2016: Genes & Nutrition
Rocío Barragán, Oscar Coltell, Eva M Asensio, Francesc Francés, José V Sorlí, Ramon Estruch, Albert Salas-Huetos, Jose M Ordovas, Dolores Corella
Recently, microRNAs (miRNA) have been proposed as regulators in the different processes involved in alcohol intake, and differences have been found in the miRNA expression profile in alcoholics. However, no study has focused on analyzing polymorphisms in genes encoding miRNAs and daily alcohol consumption at the population level. Our aim was to investigate the association between a functional polymorphism in the pre-miR-27a (rs895819 A>G) gene and alcohol consumption in an elderly population. We undertook a cross-sectional study of PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea (PREDIMED)-Valencia participants (n = 1007, including men and women aged 67 ± 7 years) and measured their alcohol consumption (total and alcoholic beverages) through a validated questionnaire...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Mirna Edith Morales-Marín, Alma Delia Genis-Mendoza, Carlos Alfonso Tovilla-Zarate, Nuria Lanzagorta, Michael Escamilla, Humberto Nicolini
BACKGROUND: The brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been considered as an important candidate gene in bipolar disorder (BD); this association has been derived from several genetic and genome-wide studies. A polymorphic variant of the BDNF (Val66Met) confers some differences in the clinical presentation of affective disorders. In this study, we evaluated a sample population from Mexico City to determine whether the BDNF (rs6265) Val66Met polymorphism is associated with the body mass index (BMI) of patients with BD...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Ziba Nariman-Saleh-Fam, Milad Bastami, Mohammad Hossein Somi, Naser Samadi, Mohammad Reza Abbaszadegan, Farkhondeh Behjati, Hamid Ghaedi, Javad Tavakkoly-Bazzaz, Andrea Masotti
Esophageal cancer is the eighth most common cancer worldwide. Also middle-aged obese adults with higher body mass index during childhood have a greater risk to develop esophageal cancer. The contribution of microRNAs to esophageal cancer has been extensively studied and it became clear that these noncoding RNAs may play crucial roles in pathogenesis, diagnosis and prognosis of the disease. Increasing evidences have suggested that polymorphisms perturbing microRNA targetome (i.e., the compendium of all microRNA target sites) are associated with cancers including esophageal cancer...
August 12, 2016: Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics
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