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MiRNA ezh2

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653269/microrna-26a-is-a-key-regulon-that-inhibits-progression-and-metastasis-of-c-myc-ezh2-double-high-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#1
Xiang Zhang, Xiao Zhang, Ting Wang, Lei Wang, Zhijun Tan, Wei Wei, Bo Yan, Jing Zhao, Kaichun Wu, Angang Yang, Rui Zhang, Lintao Jia
Overexpressed c-Myc and EZH2 usually mean high malignancy in cancers. Most of mortality from cancer is attributable to metastasis. MicroRNAs(miRNAs), like transcription factors, can regulate hundreds of genes. Here, we identify microRNA-26a (miR-26a) suppresses EZH2 and c-Myc by targeting EZH2 and CDK8 in Wnt pathway. MiR-26a is a well-known tumor-suppressive miRNA in multiple cancers, but how it is downregulated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is still unclear. Here, we disclose miR-26a is epigenetic silenced by a c-Myc-mediated PRC2-depandent way in HCC...
April 10, 2018: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642503/migration-invasion-of-malignant-gliomas-and-implications-for-therapeutic-treatment
#2
REVIEW
Ching-Ann Liu, Chia-Yu Chang, Kuo-Wei Hsueh, Hong-Lin Su, Tzyy-Wen Chiou, Shinn-Zong Lin, Horng-Jyh Harn
Malignant tumors of the central nervous system (CNS) are among cancers with the poorest prognosis, indicated by their association with tumors of high-level morbidity and mortality. Gliomas, the most common primary CNS tumors that arise from neuroglial stem or progenitor cells, have estimated annual incidence of 6.6 per 100,000 individuals in the USA, and 3.5 per 100,000 individuals in Taiwan. Tumor invasion and metastasis are the major contributors to the deaths in cancer patients. Therapeutic goals including cancer stem cells (CSC), phenotypic shifts, EZH2/AXL/TGF-β axis activation, miRNAs and exosomes are relevant to GBM metastasis to develop novel targeted therapeutics for GBM and other brain cancers...
April 8, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530475/mir-124-induces-autophagy-related-cell-death-in-cholangiocarcinoma-cells-through-direct-targeting-of-the-ezh2-stat3-signaling-axis
#3
Jun Ma, Yiping Jia, Bingyan Liu, Shaoqiu Wu, Yan Cao, Xianjun Sun, Xiang Yin, Mingyi Shang, Aiwu Mao
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a lethal cancer associated with chronic inflammation that has increased in prevalence in recent decades. The dysregulated expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) has been detected in various types of malignancies, and depending on the target genes this can result in miRNAs functioning as tumor suppressors or oncogenes. In this study, we investigated the role of miR-124 in cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) and found that its expression was significantly downregulated in the tumor tissue of patients and in CCA cell lines...
March 9, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445149/let-7c-inhibits-cholangiocarcinoma-growth-but-promotes-tumor-cell-invasion-and-growth-at-extrahepatic-sites
#4
Yu Xie, Hang Zhang, Xing-Jun Guo, Ye-Chen Feng, Rui-Zhi He, Xu Li, Shuo Yu, Yan Zhao, Ming Shen, Feng Zhu, Xin Wang, Min Wang, Asha Balakrishnan, Michael Ott, Feng Peng, Ren-Yi Qin
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a cancer type with high postoperative relapse rates and poor long-term survival largely due to tumor invasion, distant metastasis, and multidrug resistance. Deregulated microRNAs (miRNAs) are implicated in several cancer types including CCA. The specific roles of the miRNA let-7c in cholangiocarcinoma are not known and need to be further elucidated. In our translational study we show that microRNA let-7c expression was significantly downregulated in human cholangiocarcinoma tissues when compared to adjacent tissues of the same patient...
February 14, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371630/necessity-of-p53-binding-to-the-cdh1-locus-for-its-expression-defines-two-epithelial-cell-types-differing-in-their-integrity
#5
Tsukasa Oikawa, Yutaro Otsuka, Yasuhito Onodera, Mei Horikawa, Haruka Handa, Shigeru Hashimoto, Yutaka Suzuki, Hisataka Sabe
TP53 mutation (i.e., loss of normal-p53) may evoke epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which was previously attributed to loss of certain miRNAs. However, not all epithelial cells undergo EMT upon TP53 mutation, and the p53-miRNA axis may not fully explain p53 function in epithelial integrity. We here show two modes of epithelial integrity: one involves p53-binding to a nucleotide region and the other does not. In the former, p53 binds to the CDH1 (encoding E-cadherin) locus to antagonize EZH2-mediated H3K27 trimethylation (H3K27me3) to maintain high levels of acetylation of H3K27 (H3K27ac)...
January 25, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290968/inhibition-of-ezh2-triggers-the-tumor-suppressive-mir-29b-network-in-multiple-myeloma
#6
Maria Angelica Stamato, Giada Juli, Enrica Romeo, Domenica Ronchetti, Mariamena Arbitrio, Daniele Caracciolo, Antonino Neri, Pierosandro Tagliaferri, Pierfrancesco Tassone, Nicola Amodio
Downregulation of tumor suppressor (TS) microRNAs (miRNAs) commonly occurs in human cancer, including multiple myeloma (MM). We previously demonstrated that miR-29b is a relevant TS miRNA, whose expression in MM cells is inhibited by HDAC4-dependent deacetylation. Here, we provide novel insights into epigenetic mechanisms suppressing miR-29b in MM. In MM patient-derived plasma cells, we found inverse correlation between miR-29b and EZH2 mRNA expression. Both siRNAs and pharmacologic inhibitors of EZH2 led to miR-29b upregulation, and this effect was ascribed to reduced H3K27-trimethylation (H3K27me3) of miR-29a/b-1 promoter regions...
December 5, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250158/function-of-mir-25-in-the-invasion-and-metastasis-of-esophageal-squamous-carcinoma-cells-and-bioinformatical-analysis-of-the-mir-106b-25-cluster
#7
Meng Wang, Yangyang Ou Yang, Qingtao Jin, Linlin Shang, Jian Zhang
MicroRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) are a class of small, non-coding RNA molecules that serve a key function in carcinogenesis and tumor progression. Recent evidence indicates that miRNAs may act as powerful regulators of migration and invasion. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of miR-25 on the invasion and metastasis of KYSE-150 and EC109 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cells, and predict the mechanism of this effect by bioinformatically analyzing the miR-106b-25 cluster. In order to alter the expression of miR-25 in the two cell lines, a miR-25 inhibitor or mimic were transfected into the cells, which were then studied via Transwell migration and invasion assays...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221202/ezh2-alteration-driven-by-microrna-524-5p-and-microrna-324-5p-promotes-cell-proliferation-and-temozolomide-resistance-in-glioma
#8
Tongle Zhi, Tianfu Yu, Minhong Pan, Er Nie, Weining Wu, Xiefeng Wang, Ning Liu, Yongping You, Yingyi Wang, Junxia Zhang
Recent data have been shown that EZH2 is a critical oncogene via the repression of tumor suppressor genes in human cancers. In our study, we performed a genome-wide miRNA screen with a bioinformatics analysis to identify EZH2 specific miRNAs. Of these miRNAs, miR-524-5p and miR-324-5p were decreased in glioma tissues, and confered poor prognosis for glioma patients. Upregulation of miR-524-5p and miR-324-5p reduced glioma cell proliferation and increased temozolomide (TMZ) chemosensitivity by targeting EZH2...
November 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171124/kdm6a-promotes-chondrogenic-differentiation-of-periodontal-ligament-stem-cells-by-demethylation-of-sox9
#9
Pingting Wang, Yanjing Li, Tingting Meng, Junjiang Zhang, Yuanyuan Wei, Zhaosong Meng, Yunfeng Lin, Dayong Liu, Lei Sui
OBJECTIVES: KDM6A has been demonstrated critical in the regulation of cell fates. However, whether KDM6A is involved in cartilage formation remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the role of KDM6A in chondrogenic differentiation of PDLSCs, as well as the underlying epigenetic mechanisms. METHODS: KDM6A shRNA was transfected into PDLSCs by lentivirus. The chondrogenic differentiation potential of PDLSCs was assessed by Alcian blue staining. Immunofluorescence was performed to demonstrate H3K27me3 and H3K4me3 levels during chondrogenesis...
November 23, 2017: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032608/microrna-profiling-reveals-dysregulated-micrornas-and-their-target-gene-regulatory-networks-in-cemento-ossifying-fibroma
#10
Thaís Dos Santos Fontes Pereira, João Artur Ricieri Brito, André Luiz Sena Guimarães, Carolina Cavaliéri Gomes, Júlio Cesar Tanos de Lacerda, Wagner Henriques de Castro, Roney Santos Coimbra, Marina Gonçalves Diniz, Ricardo Santiago Gomez
BACKGROUND: Cemento-ossifying fibroma (COF) is a benign fibro-osseous neoplasm of uncertain pathogenesis, and its treatment results in morbidity. MicroRNAs (miRNA) are small non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression and may represent therapeutic targets. The purpose of the study was to generate a comprehensive miRNA profile of COF compared to normal bone. Additionally, the most relevant pathways and target genes of differentially expressed miRNA were investigated by in silico analysis...
January 2018: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026152/genetic-and-epigenetic-profiling-reveals-ezh2-mediated-down-regulation-of-oct-4-involves-nr2f2-during-cardiac-differentiation-of-human-embryonic-stem-cells
#11
Varsha Pursani, Prasad Pethe, Mohsin Bashir, Prabha Sampath, Vivek Tanavde, Deepa Bhartiya
Human embryonic (hES) stem cells are widely used as an in vitro model to understand global genetic and epigenetic changes that occur during early embryonic development. In-house derived hES cells (KIND1) were subjected to directed differentiation into cardiovascular progenitors (D12) and beating cardiomyocytes (D20). Transcriptome profiling of undifferentiated (D0) and differentiated (D12 and 20) cells was undertaken by microarray analysis. ChIP and sequential ChIP were employed to study role of transcription factor NR2F2 during hES cells differentiation...
October 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973837/ezh2-modulates-the-dna-methylome-and-controls-t-cell-adhesion-through-junctional-adhesion-molecule-a-in-lupus-patients
#12
Pei-Suen Tsou, Patrick Coit, Nathan C Kilian, Amr H Sawalha
OBJECTIVE: EZH2 is an epigenetic regulator that mediates H3K27 trimethylation (H3K27me3) and modulates DNA methylation. The aim of this study was to characterize the role of EZH2 in CD4+ T cells in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus. METHODS: EZH2 expression levels were determined in CD4+ T cells isolated from lupus patients and healthy controls. The epigenetic effects of EZH2 overexpression in CD4+ T cells were evaluated using a genome-wide DNA methylation approach...
January 2018: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966728/deregulated-expression-of-microrna-200b-c-and-suz12-a-polycomb-repressive-complex-2-subunit-in-chemoresistant-colorectal-cancer-cells
#13
KayKay San, Megan Horita, Aravinda Ganapathy, G Chinnadurai, Uthayashanker R Ezekiel
In colorectal cancer, chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy can lead to the formation of resistant cells that become metastatic through Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT). Invasive and metastatic characteristics of carcinoma cells in primary tumors are mediated by EMT. During EMT, the primary tumor cells lose cell-cell adhesion, have increased intercellular separation, and gain an elongated shape with pseudopodia. There is also dysregulation of Polycomb group proteins (such as BMI1, SUZ12, and EZH2), and changes in the expression of microRNA-200 (miR-200) family...
July 2017: Genes & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963737/long-non-coding-rna-loc554202-modulates-chordoma-cell-proliferation-and-invasion-by-recruiting-ezh2-and-regulating-mir-31-expression
#14
Xianli Ma, Shengjin Qi, Zhenying Duan, Hongzhan Liao, Baohua Yang, Wenbo Wang, Jie Tan, Qinghua Li, Xuewei Xia
OBJECTIVES: Chordoma is a rare malignant bone tumour arising from notochordal remnants. Long non-coding RNA LOC554202, as the host gene of miR-31, contributes to various cancer developments. However, little is known about the biological function of LOC554202 in chordoma. Here, the relationship between LncRNA LOC554202, miR-31 and EZH2 was elucidated in chordoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The levels of LOC554402, miR-31, EZH2, RNF144B, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers were measured in chordoma tissues and the chordoma cell lines via quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) or Western blot...
December 2017: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928895/mir-340-inhibits-triple-negative-breast-cancer-progression-by-reversing-ezh2-mediated-mirnas-dysregulated-expressions
#15
Zhendong Shi, Yang Li, Xiaomin Qian, Yunhui Hu, Jingjing Liu, Sheng Zhang, Jin Zhang
The anti-tumor efficacy of miR-340 has been recently characterized in cancers. However, the underlying mechanisms of miR-340 inhibited cell growth and invasion in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) have not been well elucidated. In this study, we found that miR-340 expression was negatively correlated with EZH2 (Enhancer of zeste homolog 2) expression in TNBC tissues and cell lines. Subsequent luciferase reporter assay confirmed that EZH2 was a novel molecule target of miR-340. Upregulated miR-340 levels by mimics transfection significantly inhibited the MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-468 breast cancer cells proliferation, invasion and migration, and induced more cell apoptosis...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923203/epigenetic-silencing-of-mirna-34a-in-human-cholangiocarcinoma-via-ezh2-and-dna-methylation-impact-on-regulation-of-notch-pathway
#16
Hyunjoo Kwon, Kyoungsub Song, Chang Han, Jinqiang Zhang, Lu Lu, Weina Chen, Tong Wu
Aberrant expression and regulation of miRNAs have been implicated in multiple stages of tumorigenic processes. The current study was designed to explore the biological function and epigenetic regulation of miR-34a in human cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). Our data show that the expression of miR-34a is decreased significantly in CCA cells compared with non-neoplastic biliary epithelial cells. Forced overexpression of miR-34a in CCA cells inhibited their proliferation and clonogenic capacity in vitro, and suppressed tumor xenograft growth in severe combined immunodeficiency mice...
October 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902349/tug1-promotes-osteosarcoma-tumorigenesis-by-upregulating-ezh2-expression-via-mir-144-3p
#17
Jiaqing Cao, Xinyou Han, Xin Qi, Xiangyun Jin, Xiaolin Li
lncRNA-TUG1 (Taurine upregulated 1) is up-regulated and highly correlated with poor prognosis and disease status in osteosarcoma. TUG1 knockdown inhibits osteosarcoma cell proliferation, migration and invasion, and promotes apoptosis. However, its mechanism of action has not been well addressed. Growing evidence documented that lncRNA works as competing endogenous (ce)RNAs to modulate the expression and biological functions of miRNA. As a putative combining target of TUG1, miR-144-3p has been associated with the progress of osteosarcoma...
October 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813705/the-lncrna-tug1-ezh2-axis-promotes-pancreatic-cancer-cell-proliferation-migration-and-emt-phenotype-formation-through-sponging-mir-382
#18
Liang Zhao, Hongwei Sun, Hongru Kong, Zongjing Chen, Bicheng Chen, Mengtao Zhou
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Pancreatic carcinoma (PC) is the one of the most common and malignant cancers worldwide. LncRNA taurine upregulated gene 1 (TUG1) was initially identified as a transcript upregulated by taurine, and the abnormal expression of TUG1 has been reported in many cancers. However, the biological role and molecular mechanism of TUG1 in PC still needs further investigation. METHODS: Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was performed to measure the expression of TUG1 in PC cell lines and tissues...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810927/stat3-mediated-upregulation-of-lncrna-hoxd-as1-as-a-cerna-facilitates-liver-cancer-metastasis-by-regulating-sox4
#19
Hui Wang, Xisong Huo, Xin-Rong Yang, Jia He, Lijun Cheng, Na Wang, Xuan Deng, Haojie Jin, Ning Wang, Cun Wang, Fangyu Zhao, Jingyuan Fang, Ming Yao, Jia Fan, Wenxin Qin
BACKGROUND: Several of the thousands of human long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been functionally characterized, yet their potential involvement in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains poorly understood. METHODS: LncRNA-HOXD-AS1 was identified by microarray and validated by real-time PCR. The clinicopathological significance of HOXD-AS1 was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method. Chromatin immunoprecipitation was conducted to examine the mechanism of HOXD-AS1 upregulation...
August 14, 2017: Molecular Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675510/the-co-regulatory-networks-of-tumor-suppressor-genes-oncogenes-and-mirnas-in-colorectal-cancer
#20
Martha L Slattery, Jennifer S Herrick, Lila E Mullany, Wade S Samowitz, John R Sevens, Lori Sakoda, Roger K Wolff
Tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) and oncogenes (OG) are involved in carcinogenesis. MiRNAs also contribute to cellular pathways leading to cancer. We use data from 217 colorectal cancer (CRC) cases to evaluate differences in TSGs and OGs expression between paired CRC and normal mucosa and evaluate how TSGs and OGs are associated with miRNAs. Gene expression data from RNA-Seq and miRNA expression data from Agilent Human miRNA Microarray V19.0 were used. We focus on genes most strongly associated with CRC (fold change (FC) of ≥1...
November 2017: Genes, Chromosomes & Cancer
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