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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919353/dyslipidemia-according-to-gender-and-race-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil
#1
Raul D Santos, Isabela M Bensenor, Alexandre C Pereira, Paulo A Lotufo
BACKGROUND: There is little information regarding lipid profiles of racially mixed populations. Differently from other Latin American countries, the proportion of African ancestry is much higher in Brazil. OBJECTIVE: Verify whether there are differences in the lipid profile between black and white subjects and if people with mixed ancestry have a pattern more closely resembling whites or blacks. METHODS: A total of 15,105 civil servants aged 35-74 years from the ELSA-Brasil study had their fasting lipid profile determined...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914466/decreasing-prevalence-of-no-known-major-risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease-among-mississippi-adults-mississippi-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-2001-and-2009
#2
Vincent L Mendy, Rodolfo Vargas, Lamees El-Sadek, Vanessa L Short
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in Mississippi. However, the prevalence of no known CVD risk factors among Mississippi adults and the change of prevalence in the past 9 years have not been described. We assess changes in prevalence of no known CVD risk factors during 2001 and 2009. METHODS: Prevalence of high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, physical inactivity, smoking, and obesity were investigated. Survey respondents who reported having none of these factors were defined as having no known CVD risk factors...
December 3, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902495/methodological-evaluation-of-the-noninvasive-estimation-of-central-systolic-blood-pressure-in-nontreated-patients-the-bogalusa-heart-study
#3
Camilo Fernandez, Robert Hsu, Gary Sander, Azad Hussain, Rupert Barshop, Shengxu Li, Tian Shu, Tao Zhang, Patrycja Galazka, Wei Chen, Lydia Bazzano, Thomas D Giles
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare the estimation of central systolic blood pressure (cSBP) obtained by two different noninvasive devices, in addition to its comparisons with measured peripheral systolic blood pressure (pSBP), in a biracial (Black/White) community-based cohort. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Estimations of cSBP by applanation tonometry were obtained in 586 participants of the Bogalusa Heart Study (mean age: 43.5 years; 69% White, 54% women) using two different commonly used instruments: Omron HEM-9000AI and SphygmoCor CPV...
November 29, 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895508/multi-ethnic-differences-in-hba1c-blood-pressure-and-low-density-lipid-cholesterol-control-among-south-africans-living-with-type-2-diabetes-after-a-4-year-follow-up
#4
Yacob Pinchevsky, Varada J Shukla, Neil Butkow, Tobias Chirwa, Frederick Raal
PURPOSE: Our study set out to examine if disparities in control of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), blood pressure (BP), and low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) existed among an urban multi-ethnic cohort of South Africans, living with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This longitudinal, retrospective study consisted of 261 men and women with previously diagnosed T2DM who attended Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital, South Africa across two time periods 2009 and 2013...
2016: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883980/progression-of-coronary-artery-calcium-in-japanese-american-men-and-white-men-in-the-era-jump-study
#5
Vasudha Ahuja, Kamal Masaki, Abhishek Vishnu, Lei Ye, Bradley Wilcox, Christina Wassel, Akira Fujiyoshi, Emma J M Barinas-Mitchell, Katsuyuki Miura, Hirotsuga Ueshima, Beatriz L Rodriguez, Daniel Edmundowicz, Akira Sekikawa
BACKGROUND: Progression of coronary artery calcium (CAC) is associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and is reported to be greater in whites than blacks, Hispanics, and Chinese in the US. Our objective was to compare progression of CAC between Japanese Americans and whites. METHODS: Population-based sample of 303 Japanese American men and 310 white men aged 40-49years, free of clinical cardiovascular disease at baseline, were examined for CAC at baseline (2004-2007) and follow-up (2008-2013)...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881423/association-of-systemic-arterial-properties-with-right-ventricular-morphology-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa-right-ventricle-study
#6
Nadine Al-Naamani, Julio A Chirinos, Payman Zamani, Robin Ruthazer, Jessica K Paulus, Kari E Roberts, R Graham Barr, Joao A Lima, David A Bluemke, Richard Kronmal, Steven M Kawut
BACKGROUND: Systemic arterial stiffness is recognized as a major contributor to development of left ventricular dysfunction and failure; however, the relationship of systemic arterial properties and the right ventricle (RV) is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: The associations between systemic arterial measures (total arterial compliance [TAC], systemic vascular resistance [SVR], and aortic augmentation index [AI]) and RV morphology (mass, end-systolic [RVESV] and end-diastolic volume [RVEDV], and ejection fraction [RVEF]) were examined using data from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis...
November 23, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856485/ectopic-fat-depots-and-coronary-artery-calcium-in-south-asians-compared-with-other-racial-ethnic-groups
#7
Sachin K Garg, Feng Lin, Namratha Kandula, Jingzhong Ding, Jeffrey Carr, Matthew Allison, Kiang Liu, David Herrington, Dhananjay Vaidya, Eric Vittinghoff, Alka M Kanaya
BACKGROUND: South Asians have a low body mass index and high prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) relative to other racial/ethnic groups. Radiographically detected ectopic fat distribution is better associated with CVD than body mass index. We assessed whether differences in ectopic fat depots explained differences in the prevalence/severity of coronary artery calcium (CAC), a predictor of incident CVD events, among South Asians compared with other racial/ethnic groups. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined the associations of radiographically detected visceral, intermuscular, intrahepatic, and pericardial fat with CAC among adults without baseline CVD...
November 17, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855143/trends-in-obesity-among-participants-aged-2-4-years-in-the-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-united-states-2000-2014
#8
Liping Pan, David S Freedman, Andrea J Sharma, Karen Castellanos-Brown, Sohyun Park, Ray B Smith, Heidi M Blanck
Childhood obesity is associated with negative health consequences in childhood (1) that continue into adulthood (2), putting adults at risk for type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and certain cancers (1). Obesity disproportionately affects children from low-income families (3). Through a collaboration with the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), CDC has begun to use data from the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Participants and Program Characteristics (WIC PC) to replace the Pediatric Nutrition Surveillance System (PedNSS) (4,5) for obesity surveillance among young children from low-income families...
November 18, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844408/chronotherapy-for-hypertension-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-in-non-black-patients
#9
REVIEW
Caixia Wang, Xilian Qiu, Linsheng Lv, Jianhua Huang, Shaomin Li, Tanqi Lou, Xun Liu
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of chronotherapy on blood pressure in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: We searched PUBMED, EMBASE, ASN-ONLINE, the Cochrane Library and the reference articles of published papers without language restriction, for randomized and non-randomized trials that assessed the effect of chronotherapy versus morning dosing regimen drug therapy for CKD patients with hypertension. Meta-analysis was done with random-effect models...
November 14, 2016: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833702/serum-lipoprotein-a-levels-in-black-south-african-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#10
Jim Joseph, Farzana Ganjifrockwala, Grace George
Lipoprotein (a) (Lp(a)) which is a low-density lipoprotein-like particle containing apo(a) is considered as an emergent cardiovascular risk factor. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with a two- to threefold increase in the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The aim of this study was to investigate the levels of Lp(a) in Black South African T2DM patients and its association with other metabolic factors. 67 T2DM patients and 48 healthy control participants were recruited for the cross-sectional study...
2016: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792645/effects-of-concurrent-depressive-symptoms-and-perceived-stress-on-cardiovascular-risk-in-low-and-high-income-participants-findings-from-the-reasons-for-geographical-and-racial-differences-in-stroke-regards-study
#11
Jennifer A Sumner, Yulia Khodneva, Paul Muntner, Nicole Redmond, Marquita W Lewis, Karina W Davidson, Donald Edmondson, Joshua Richman, Monika M Safford
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) may be especially deleterious in persons with low socioeconomic status. Most work has focused on psychosocial factors individually, but emerging research suggests that the confluence of psychosocial risk may be particularly harmful. Using data from the Reasons for Geographical and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study, we examined associations among depressive symptoms and stress, alone and in combination, and incident CVD and all-cause mortality as a function of socioeconomic status...
October 10, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792074/recognition-of-asymptomatic-hypertension-in-an-urban-emergency-department-where-are-we-now
#12
Kimberly Souffront, Christina Gestal, Gail DʼEramo Melkus, Lynne Richardson
Persistently elevated blood pressure ([BP]; hypertension [HTN]) occurs at higher rates in the emergency department ([ED]; 44%) than in the general population (27%) and disproportionately affects black patients and older adults. The American College of Emergency Physicians recommends referral to primary care for HTN confirmation and management when patients are asymptomatic and their BP is persistently elevated (). However, adherence to this clinical policy is suboptimal. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of asymptomatic HTN, rates of BP reassessment and referral, and factors associated with it among adult patients who visit the ED and who were discharged a decade after this policy was disseminated...
October 2016: Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789446/residential-proximity-to-traffic-related-pollution-and-atherosclerosis-in-4-vascular-beds-among-african-american-adults-results-from-the-jackson-heart-study
#13
Yi Wang, Gregory A Wellenius, DeMarc A Hickson, Annie Gjelsvik, Charles B Eaton, Sharon B Wyatt
To our knowledge, no study has investigated the association of long-term exposure to traffic pollution with markers of atherosclerosis in 4 vascular beds simultaneously in an all-African-American cohort. Among participants in the Jackson Heart Study (Jackson, Mississippi; baseline mean age = 55.5 (standard deviation, 12.7) years), we used linear regression to estimate percent differences in carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) at baseline (2004) and used modified Poisson regression (robust error variance) to estimate prevalence ratios for peripheral artery disease (PAD), coronary artery calcification (CAC), and abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) at the first follow-up visit (2005-2008) for persons living less than 150 m (versus more than 300 m) from major roadways, adjusting for confounders...
October 27, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780894/differences-in-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-and-health-behaviors-between-black-and-non-black-students-participating-in-a-school-based-health-promotion-program
#14
Taylor Jamerson, Rachel Sylvester, Qingmei Jiang, Nicole Corriveau, Jean DuRussel-Weston, Eva Kline-Rogers, Elizabeth A Jackson, Kim A Eagle
PURPOSE: To compare cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors of black and non-black children participating in Project Healthy Schools (PHS), a school-based wellness program. DESIGN: Participants were surveyed and participated in physiological screenings pre- and post-PHS intervention. SETTING: Middle schools in 4 Michigan communities of varying socioeconomic status. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 3813 sixth-grade students comprised the survey sample, and 2297 sixth-grade students comprised the screening sample...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780208/prognostic-importance-of-dyspnea-for-cardiovascular-outcomes-and-mortality-in-persons-without-prevalent-cardiopulmonary-disease-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-study
#15
Mario Santos, Dalane W Kitzman, Kunihiro Matsushita, Laura Loehr, Carla A Sueta, Amil M Shah
BACKGROUND: The relationship between dyspnea and incident heart failure (HF) and myocardial infarction (MI) among patients without previously diagnosed cardiopulmonary disease is unclear. We studied the prognostic relevance of self-reported dyspnea for cardiovascular outcomes and all-cause mortality in persons without previously diagnosed cardiopulmonary disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 10 881 community-dwelling participants (mean age 57±6, 56% women, 25% black) who were free of prevalent cardiopulmonary disease from Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779346/cardiovascular-health-among-black-and-white-breast-cancer-patients-initiating-aromatase-inhibitor-therapy
#16
Lisa Gallicchio, Carla Calhoun, David Riseberg, Kathy Helzlsouer
The purpose of this study was to compare the cardiovascular health of Black and White breast cancer patients undergoing adjuvant treatment. Baseline data from a cohort study of Black (n = 45) and White (n = 101) breast cancer patients initiating aromatase inhibitor treatment were analyzed. Participants had a cardiovascular health assessment, including carotid intimal medial thickness measurement, donated a blood sample, and completed a questionnaire. Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) event risk scores were calculated...
October 25, 2016: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778523/the-multifunctionality-of-berries-toward-blood-platelets-and-the-role-of-berry-phenolics-in-cardiovascular-disorders
#17
Beata Olas
Diet and nutrition have an important influence on the prophylaxis and progression of cardiovascular disease; one example is the inhibition of blood platelet functions by specific components of fruits and vegetables. Garlic, onion, ginger, dark chocolate and polyunsaturated fatty acids all reduce blood platelet aggregation. A number of fruits contain a range of cardioprotective antioxidants and vitamins, together with a large number of non-nutrient phytochemicals such as phenolic compounds, which may possess both antioxidant properties and anti-platelet activity...
October 25, 2016: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777359/cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-masked-hypertension-the-jackson-heart-study
#18
Samantha G Bromfield, Daichi Shimbo, John N Booth, Adolfo Correa, Gbenga Ogedegbe, April P Carson, Paul Muntner
Masked hypertension is associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Identifying modifiable risk factors for masked hypertension could provide approaches to reduce its prevalence. Life's Simple 7 is a measure of cardiovascular health developed by the American Heart Association that includes body mass index, physical activity, diet, cigarette smoking, blood pressure (BP), cholesterol, and glucose. We examined the association between cardiovascular health and masked daytime hypertension in the Jackson Heart Study, an exclusively black cohort...
October 24, 2016: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775769/association-between-changes-in-cms-reimbursement-policy-and-drug-labels-for-erythrocyte-stimulating-agents-with-outcomes-for-older-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-covered-by-fee-for-service-medicare
#19
Cunlin Wang, Robert Kane, Mark Levenson, Jeffrey Kelman, Michael Wernecke, Joo-Yeon Lee, Steven Kozlowski, Carmen Dekmezian, Zhiwei Zhang, Aliza Thompson, Kimberly Smith, Yu-Te Wu, Yuqin Wei, Yoganand Chillarige, Qin Ryan, Chris Worrall, Thomas E MaCurdy, David J Graham
Importance: In 2011, the US Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) changed its reimbursement policy for hemodialysis to a bundled comprehensive payment system that included the cost of erythrocyte-stimulating agents (ESAs). Also in 2011, the US Food and Drug Administration revised the drug label for ESAs, recommending more conservative dosing in patients with chronic kidney disease. In response to concerns that these measures could have adverse effects on patient care and outcomes, the CMS and the FDA initiated a collaboration to assess the effect...
December 1, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773983/protection-from-cardiovascular-disease-due-to-increased-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-in-african-black-populations-myth-or-reality
#20
REVIEW
Nicholas J Woudberg, Julia H Goedecke, Sandrine Lecour
The burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in sub-Saharan Africa has increased over the last decade. Despite this, African Black populations present with relatively low incidences of coronary heart disease and ischemic heart disease, which may be attributed to their lower total cholesterol, triglycerides and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations, compared with White populations. Commensurate with these lower lipid levels, it was believed that high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) concentrations would be higher in Black populations compared with their White counterparts...
October 20, 2016: Ethnicity & Disease
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