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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923188/poor-sleep-moderates-the-relationship-between-daytime-napping-and-inflammation-in-black-and-white-men
#1
Karen P Jakubowski, Jennifer M Boylan, Jenny M Cundiff, Karen A Matthews
OBJECTIVES: To test whether napping was associated with 2 inflammatory markers with known relationships to cardiovascular disease: high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). Because IL-6 is known to impact central inflammatory processes that relate to sleep regulation, including subjective fatigue, we tested whether this relationship was moderated by sleep duration, sleep efficiency, and self-reported sleep quality. DESIGN: Cross-sectional...
October 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918306/smoking-and-risk-of-atrial-fibrillation
#2
EDITORIAL
Ichiro Watanabe
Ahmed et al. showed that atrial fibrillation (AF) was identified in 9.5% in smokers vs 7.8% in non-smokers (p<0.001) and smoking was associated with a 15% increased risk of AF during 10 years follow up in 11,047 participants. However, heterogeneities in the association were observed among subgroups; the association was stronger in young compared to older participants and in those with prior cardiovascular disease compared to without cardiovascular disease, also the association was significant in blacks but not in whites [1]...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912752/disparities-in-cardiovascular-disease-and-type-2-diabetes-risk-factors-in-blacks-and-whites-dissecting-racial-paradox-of-metabolic-syndrome
#3
REVIEW
Kwame Osei, Trudy Gaillard
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) remain as the leading cause of mortality in the western world and have become a major health threat for developing countries. There are several risk factors that account for the CVD and the associated mortality. These include genetics, type 2 diabetes (T2DM), obesity, physical inactivity, hypertension, and abnormal lipids and lipoproteins. The constellation of these risk factors has been termed metabolic syndrome (MetS). MetS varies among racial and ethnic populations. Thus, race and ethnicity account for some of the differences in the MetS and the associated CVD and T2DM...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904075/association-between-living-in-food-deserts-and-cardiovascular-risk
#4
Heval M Kelli, Muhammad Hammadah, Hina Ahmed, Yi-An Ko, Matthew Topel, Ayman Samman-Tahhan, Mossab Awad, Keyur Patel, Kareem Mohammed, Laurence S Sperling, Priscilla Pemu, Viola Vaccarino, Tene Lewis, Herman Taylor, Greg Martin, Gary H Gibbons, Arshed A Quyyumi
BACKGROUND: Food deserts (FD), neighborhoods defined as low-income areas with low access to healthy food, are a public health concern. We evaluated the impact of living in FD on cardiovascular risk factors and subclinical cardiovascular disease (CVD) with the hypothesis that people living in FD will have an unfavorable CVD risk profile. We further assessed whether the impact of FD on these measures is driven by area income, individual household income, or area access to healthy food. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 1421 subjects residing in the Atlanta metropolitan area who participated in the META-Health study (Morehouse and Emory Team up to Eliminate Health Disparities; n=712) and the Predictive Health study (n=709)...
September 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893431/pulse-pressure-amplification-and-its-relationship-with-age-in-young-apparently-healthy-black-and-white-adults-the-african-predict-study
#5
Yolandi Breet, Hugo W Huisman, Ruan Kruger, Johannes M van Rooyen, Lebo F Gafane-Matemane, Lisa J Ware, Aletta E Schutte
BACKGROUND: Pulse pressure amplification (PPA), i.e. the amplification from central arteries to the periphery, is inversely related to arterial stiffness, organ damage and mortality. It is known that arterial stiffness is higher in black than white populations, but it is unclear if this is due to early vascular aging. We therefore investigated whether PPA declines earlier in young normotensive black South Africans, when compared to their white counterparts. METHODS: We included 875 black and white men and women from the African-PREDICT study (55% black, 41% men), aged 20-30years, with no prior diagnosis of chronic disease, screened for normotensive clinic blood pressure (BP)...
September 5, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889148/association-of-fine-particulate-air-pollution-with-cardiopulmonary-morbidity-in-western-coast-of-saudi-arabia
#6
Shedrack R Nayebare, Omar S Aburizaiza, Azhar Siddique, David O Carpenter, Jahan Zeb, Abdullah J Aburizaiza, Cristian Pantea, Mirza M Hussain, Haider A Khwaja
To assess cardiopulmonary morbidity associated with daily exposures to PM2.5 in Western Coast of Saudi Arabia. Methods: We monitored 24-h PM2.5 and its constituents including black carbon (BC), particulate sulfate (p-SO42-), nitrate (p-NO3-), ammonium (p-NH4+) and trace elements (TEs) at a site in Rabigh, Saudi Arabia from May to June 2013 with simultaneous collection of hospital data (N=2513). Cardiopulmonary morbidity risk was determined in a generalized linear time-series model.  Results: Exposure to PM2...
September 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886993/smoking-and-risk-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-the-reasons-for-geographic-and-racial-differences-in-stroke-regards-study
#7
Muhammad Imtiaz Ahmad, Candice D Mosley, Wesley T O'Neal, Suzanne E Judd, Leslie A McClure, Virginia J Howard, George Howard, Elsayed Z Soliman
BACKGROUND: Whether smoking increases the risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) remains debatable due to inconsistent reports. METHODS: We examined the association between smoking and incident AF in 11,047 participants from the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) Study, one of the largest biracial, population-based cohort studies in the USA. Baseline (2003-2007) cigarette smoking status and amount (pack-years) were self-reported. Incident AF was determined by electrocardiography and history of a prior physician diagnosis at a follow-up examination conducted after a median of 10...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886899/frailty-and-subclinical-coronary-atherosclerosis-the-multicenter-aids-cohort-study-macs
#8
Sai Krishna C Korada, Di Zhao, Martin Tibuakuu, Todd T Brown, Lisa P Jacobson, Eliseo Guallar, Robert K Bolan, Frank J Palella, Joseph B Margolick, Jeremy J Martinson, Matthew J Budoff, Wendy S Post, Erin D Michos
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Frailty and cardiovascular disease share many risk factors. We evaluated whether frailty is independently associated with subclinical coronary atherosclerosis and whether any relationships differ by HIV-serostatus. METHODS: We studied 976 [62% HIV-infected] male participants of the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study who underwent assessment of frailty and non-contrast cardiac CT scanning; of these, 747 men also underwent coronary CT angiography (CCTA)...
August 26, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877875/metabolic-syndrome-risks-following-the-great-recession-in-rural-black-young-adults
#9
Gregory E Miller, Edith Chen, Tianyi Yu, Gene H Brody
BACKGROUND: Some of the country's highest rates of morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular disease are found in lower-income black communities in the rural Southeast. Research suggests these disparities originate in the early decades of life, and partly reflect the influence of broader socioeconomic forces acting on behavioral and biological processes that accelerate cardiovascular disease progression. However, this hypothesis has not been tested explicitly. Here, we examine metabolic syndrome (MetS) in rural black young adults as a function of their family's economic conditions before and after the Great Recession...
September 6, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872212/galectin-3-and-risk-of-ischemic-stroke-in-the-reasons-for-geographic-and-racial-differences-in-stroke-regards-cohort
#10
Pankaj Arora, Zubin Agarwal, Anand Venkatraman, Peter Callas, Brett Kissela, Nancy Jenny, Suzanne Judd, Neil A Zakai, Mary Cushman
BACKGROUND: Galectin-3 is a biomarker of atherosclerotic and cardiovascular disease, and may be a useful marker for ischemic stroke risk. METHODS: The REGARDS cohort enrolled and examined 30,239 US participants between 2003 and 2007 (41% black, 59% white, and 55% in the southeastern stroke belt). Baseline galectin-3 was measured in 526 subjects with incident ischemic stroke over 5.4 years, and in a cohort random sample (CRS) of 947 participants. Cox proportional hazards models were used to calculate hazard ratios (HR) of ischemic stroke by quartiles of galectin-3...
September 5, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865891/serum-ferritin-levels-in-blacks-without-known-cardiovascular-disease-from-the-jackson-heart-study
#11
Obiora Egbuche, Heather R Millard, Benjamin Renelus, Axiyan Maihemuti, Solomon K Musani, Ervin R Fox, Jiankang Liu, Herman A Taylor, Aurelian Bidulescu
There has been conflicting results regarding the role of ferritin, a nonspecific marker of systemic inflammation, in the development of coronary heart disease (CHD). We aimed to evaluate the association of serum ferritin with incident CHD, incident stroke, and subclinical measurements of atherosclerosis among blacks. For our prospective study, we utilized data from the Jackson Heart Study. Eligible participants (n = 4,659) who were free from CHD were enrolled in 2000 to 2004. The participants' baseline serum ferritin levels were obtained, and they were followed up for an average of 8 years to identify incident CHD events and incident stroke...
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865726/b-lines-with-lung-ultrasound-the-optimal-scan-technique-at%C3%A2-rest-and-during-stress
#12
Maria Chiara Scali, Angela Zagatina, Iana Simova, Nadezhda Zhuravskaya, Quirino Ciampi, Marco Paterni, Mario Marzilli, Clara Carpeggiani, Eugenio Picano
Various lung ultrasound (LUS) scanning modalities have been proposed for the detection of B-lines, also referred to as ultrasound lung comets, which are an important indication of extravascular lung water at rest and after exercise stress echo (ESE). The aim of our study was to assess the lung water spatial distribution (comet map) at rest and after ESE. We performed LUS at rest and immediately after semi-supine ESE in 135 patients (45 women, 90 men; age 62 ± 12 y, resting left ventricular ejection fraction = 41 ± 13%) with known or suspected heart failure or coronary artery disease...
August 30, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856834/disparities-in-hypertension-and-cardiovascular-disease-in-blacks-the-critical-role-of-medication-adherence
#13
REVIEW
Keith C Ferdinand, Kapil Yadav, Samar A Nasser, Helene D Clayton-Jeter, John Lewin, Dennis R Cryer, Fortunato Fred Senatore
Blacks are two to three times as likely as whites to die of preventable heart disease and stroke. Declines in mortality from heart disease have not eliminated racial disparities. Control and effective treatment of hypertension, a leading cause of cardiovascular disease, among blacks is less than in whites and remains a challenge. One of the driving forces behind this racial/ethnic disparity is medication nonadherence whose cause is embedded in social determinants. Eight practical approaches to addressing medication adherence with the potential to attenuate disparities were identified and include: (1) patient engagement strategies, (2) consumer-directed health care, (3) patient portals, (4) smart apps and text messages, (5) digital pillboxes, (6) pharmacist-led engagement, (7) cardiac rehabilitation, and (8) cognitive-based behavior...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844515/relation-of-carotid-intima-media-thickness-to-cardiovascular-events-in-black-americans-from-the-jackson-heart-study
#14
Todd C Villines, Lucy L Hsu, Chad Blackshear, Cheryl R Nelson, Michael Griswold
Although several prospective studies have reported independent relations between carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and risk of incident cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in primarily non-African-American (AA) cohorts, the utility of CIMT values for the prediction of incident coronary heart disease and stroke events in blacks remain unclear. At the baseline examination (2000 to 2004) of the Jackson Heart Study, AA adults 21 to 94 years of age (mean 54) underwent bilateral far-wall CIMT measurement (mean 0.76 mm)...
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838094/the-obesity-paradox-extreme-obesity-and-long-term-outcomes-in-older-adults-with-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-results-from-the-ncdr
#15
Ian J Neeland, Sandeep R Das, DaJuanicia N Simon, Deborah B Diercks, Karen P Alexander, Tracy Y Wang, James A de Lemos
Aims: To investigate the obesity paradox and association of extreme obesity with long-term outcomes among older ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. Methods and results: Nineteen thousand four hundred and ninety-nine patients ≥65 years with STEMI surviving to hospital discharge in NCDR ACTION Registry-GWTG linked to Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services outcomes between 2007 and 2012 were stratified by body mass index (BMI) (kg/m2) into normal weight (18...
July 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831582/asymmetric-dimethylarginine-and-symmetric-dimethylarginine-prospectively-relates-to-carotid-wall-thickening-in-black-men-the-sabpa-study
#16
Catharina M C Mels, A E Schutte, H W Huisman, W Smith, R Kruger, J M van Rooyen, E Schwedhelm, D Atzler, R H Böger, N T Malan, L Malan
The relationship of both asymmetric (ADMA) and symmetric (SDMA) dimethylarginine with carotid wall thickness is inconclusive especially among black populations. We aimed to compare carotid intima media thickness (cIMT) and dimethylarginine levels in 75 black and 91 white men at baseline and after a 3-year follow-up, and to investigate associations of percentage change in cIMT with percentage change in dimethylarginine levels (ADMA and SDMA). Plasma levels of ADMA and SDMA were determined with a liquid chromatography mass spectrometry method and B-mode ultrasonography was used to determine the cIMT at baseline and follow-up...
August 22, 2017: Amino Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814245/benefits-of-sglt2-inhibitors-beyond-glycemic-control-a-focus-on-metabolic-cardiovascular-and-renal-outcomes
#17
Molly G Minze, Kayley Will, Brian T Terrell, Robin L Black, Brian K Irons
BACKGROUND: Sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are a new pharmacotherapeutic class for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate beneficial effects of the SGLT2 inhibitors on metabolic, cardiovascular, and renal outcomes. METHODS: A Pub-Med search (1966 to July 2017) was performed of published English articles using keywords sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors, canagliflozin, dapagliflozin, and empagliflozin...
August 16, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811088/primary-prevention-aspirin-use-in-high-risk-patients-a-pharmacist-intervention-and-comparison-of-risk-stratification-tools
#18
Scott A Coon, Amie D Brooks, Stephen E Wolff
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this project are 1) to describe aspirin use for primary prevention in an underserved, minority population; 2) to determine the impact of a pharmacist-led intervention on the prevalence of aspirin use for primary prevention; and 3) to compare aspirin indications based on Framingham Risk Score (FRS) and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk score. METHODS: Men and women age 45-79 and 55-79 years, respectively, without ASCVD were screened for aspirin use...
August 12, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805830/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-analysis-of-visible-light-crosslinkable-gelatin-methacryloyl-gelma-hydrogels
#19
Iman Noshadi, Seonki Hong, Kelly E Sullivan, Ehsan Shirzaei Sani, Roberto Portillo-Lara, Ali Tamayol, Su Ryon Shin, Albert E Gao, Whitney L Stoppel, Lauren D Black Iii, Ali Khademhosseini, Nasim Annabi
Photocrosslinkable materials have been frequently used for constructing soft and biomimetic hydrogels for tissue engineering. Although ultraviolet (UV) light is commonly used for photocrosslinking such materials, its use has been associated with several biosafety concerns such as DNA damage, accelerated aging of tissues, and cancer. Here we report an injectable visible light crosslinked gelatin-based hydrogel for myocardium regeneration. Mechanical characterization revealed that the compressive moduli of the engineered hydrogels could be tuned in the range of 5-56 kPa by changing the concentrations of the initiator, co-initiator and co-monomer in the precursor formulation...
August 14, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802566/alcohol-use-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#20
Lisa B VanWagner, Hongyan Ning, Norrina B Allen, Veeral Ajmera, Cora E Lewis, John Jeffrey Carr, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Norah A Terrault, Juned Siddique
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death among patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Moderate drinking (vs abstinence) is associated with lower risk of CVD in the general population. We assessed whether alcohol use is associated with CVD risk in patients with NAFLD. METHODS: We analyzed data from participants in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults longitudinal cohort study of 5115 black and white young adults, 18-30 years old, recruited from 4 cities in the United States from 1985 through 1986...
August 9, 2017: Gastroenterology
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