keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cardiovascular disease black

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645164/differences-in-cardiac-structure-and-function-between-black-and-white-patients-another-step-in-the-evaluation-of-cardiovascular-risk-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#1
Emilio Nardi, Giuseppe Mulè, Chiara Nardi, Maurizio Averna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637777/the-american-heart-association-ideal-cardiovascular-health-and-incident-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-among-blacks-the-jackson-heart-study
#2
Valery S Effoe, Mercedes R Carnethon, Justin B Echouffo-Tcheugui, Haiying Chen, Joshua J Joseph, Arnita F Norwood, Alain G Bertoni
BACKGROUND: The concept of ideal cardiovascular health (CVH), defined by the American Heart Association primarily for coronary heart disease and stroke prevention, may apply to diabetes mellitus prevention among blacks. METHODS AND RESULTS: Our sample included 2668 adults in the Jackson Heart Study with complete baseline data on 6 of 7 American Heart Association CVH metrics (body mass index, healthy diet, smoking, total cholesterol, blood pressure, and physical activity)...
June 21, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637775/increased-proximal-aortic-diameter-is-associated-with-risk-of-cardiovascular-events-and-all-cause-mortality-in-blacks-the-jackson-heart-study
#3
Daisuke Kamimura, Takeki Suzuki, Solomon K Musani, Michael E Hall, Tandaw E Samdarshi, Adolfo Correa, Ervin R Fox
BACKGROUND: Enlargement of the proximal aorta is associated with aortic wall tissue remodeling, including fragmentation of the elastin fibers, increased synthesis of collagen, and calcification, all of which are associated with aortic wall stiffening. We hypothesized that the proximal aortic diameter (AoD) is associated with cardiovascular events in a community-based cohort of blacks. METHODS AND RESULTS: We investigated the associations between AoD and cardiovascular events among 3018 black participants (mean age, 55...
June 21, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634217/incident-cardiovascular-disease-among-adults-with-blood-pressure-140-90-mm-hg
#4
Gabriel S Tajeu, John N Booth, Lisandro D Colantonio, Rebecca F Gottesman, George Howard, Daniel T Lackland, Emily O'Brien, Suzanne Oparil, Joseph E Ravenell, Monika M Safford, Samantha R Seals, Daichi Shimbo, Steven Shea, Tanya M Spruill, Rikki M Tanner, Paul Muntner
Background -Data from before the 2000s indicate the majority of incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) events occur among US adults with systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP)≥140/90 mmHg. Over the past several decades, BP declined and hypertension control has improved. Methods -We estimated the percentage of incident CVD events that occur at SBP/DBP<140/90 mmHg in a pooled analysis of three contemporary US cohorts: the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study, the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA), and the Jackson Heart Study (JHS) (n=31,856; REGARDS=21,208; MESA=6,779; JHS=3,869)...
June 20, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628560/genetic-coding-variants-in-the-niacin-receptor-hydroxyl-carboxylic-acid-receptor-2-and-response-to-niacin-therapy
#5
Sony Tuteja, Lu Wang, Richard L Dunbar, Jinbo Chen, Stephanie DerOhannessian, Santica M Marcovina, Marshall Elam, Ellis Lader, Daniel J Rader
OBJECTIVE: Niacin has been used for seven decades to modulate plasma lipids, but its mechanism of action is still unclear. We sought to determine whether variants in the niacin receptor gene, hydroxyl-carboxylic receptor 2 (HCAR2), are associated with lipid response to treatment. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Coding variants, rs7314976 (p.R311C) and rs2454727 (p.M317I), were genotyped in 2067 participants from the Atherothrombosis Intervention in Metabolic Syndrome with Low HDL/High Triglycerides and Impact on Global Health Outcomes (AIM-HIGH) trial...
June 16, 2017: Pharmacogenetics and Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625382/impact-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-and-oxygen-on-health-status-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-heart-biomarker-evaluation-in-apnea-treatment-heartbeat-analysis
#6
Eldrin F Lewis, Rui Wang, Naresh Punjabi, Daniel J Gottlieb, Stuart F Quan, Deepak L Bhatt, Sanjay R Patel, Reena Mehra, Roger S Blumenthal, Jia Weng, Michael Rueschman, Susan Redline
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with impaired health-related quality of life (HRQL). Treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has variable impacts on HRQL, and this may be influenced by patient's tolerance of therapy. The objective is to determine the impact of nocturnal supplemental oxygen (NSO) and CPAP on HRQL compared with healthy lifestyle education (HLSE) in individuals with OSA. METHODS: Patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) or at least 3 major CHD risk factors with apnea-hypopnea index of 15 to 50 events/h were randomized to CPAP, NSO, or HLSE...
July 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619703/identifying-nonclinical-factors-associated-with-30-day-readmission-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease-protocol-for-an-observational-study
#7
Matthew E Dupre, Alicia Nelson, Scott M Lynch, Bradi B Granger, Hanzhang Xu, Janese M Willis, Lesley H Curtis, Eric D Peterson
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of hospitalization in older adults and high readmission rates have attracted considerable attention as actionable targets to promote efficiency in care and to reduce costs. Despite a plethora of research over the past decade, current strategies to predict readmissions have been largely ineffective and efforts to identify novel clinical predictors have been largely unsuccessful. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to examine a wide array of socioeconomic, psychosocial, behavioral, and clinical factors to predict risks of 30-day hospital readmission in cardiovascular patients...
June 15, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606731/cognitive-function-and-kidney-disease-baseline-data-from-the%C3%A2-systolic-blood-pressure-intervention-trial-sprint
#8
Daniel E Weiner, Sarah A Gaussoin, John Nord, Alexander P Auchus, Gordon J Chelune, Michel Chonchol, Laura Coker, William E Haley, Anthony A Killeen, Paul L Kimmel, Alan J Lerner, Suzanne Oparil, Mohammad G Saklayen, Yelena M Slinin, Clinton B Wright, Jeff D Williamson, Manjula Kurella Tamura
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease is common and is associated with cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, and cognitive function, although the nature of this relationship remains uncertain. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort using baseline data from the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT). SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Participants in SPRINT, a randomized clinical trial of blood pressure targets in older community-dwelling adults with cardiovascular disease, chronic kidney disease, or high cardiovascular disease risk and without diabetes or known stroke, who underwent detailed neurocognitive testing in the cognition substudy, SPRINT-Memory and Cognition in Decreased Hypertension (SPRINT-MIND)...
June 9, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605456/thyroid-function-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-incident-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-aric-study
#9
Seth S Martin, Natalie Daya, Pamela L Lutsey, Kunihiro Matsushita, Anna Fretz, John W McEvoy, Roger S Blumenthal, Josef Coresh, Philip Greenland, Anna Kottgen, Elizabeth Selvin
Context: Cardiovascular outcomes in mild thyroid dysfunction (treatment controversial) and moderate or severe dysfunction (treatment standard) remain uncertain. Objective: To examine cross-sectional and prospective associations of thyroid function with cardiovascular risk factors and events. Design: In the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study, we measured concentrations of thyrotropin (TSH), free thyroxine (FT4), and total triiodothyronine (T3) in stored serum samples originally collected in 1990-92...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601194/relation-between-obesity-and-survival-in-patients-hospitalized-for-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-from-a-nationwide-inpatient-sample-database-2003-to-2011
#10
Manyoo Agarwal, Sahil Agrawal, Lohit Garg, Carl J Lavie
There have been numerous studies reporting lower mortality rates in obese patients with various cardiovascular disorders than in nonobese patients, a phenomenon known as the "obesity paradox." Limited data exist regarding the effect of obesity on prognosis in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). We used the National Inpatient Sample database for years 2003 to 2011 to identify all patient hospitalizations aged ≥18 years with a primary diagnosis of PAH. Patients with a diagnosis of obesity were identified using Elixhauser co-morbidity measure provided in Nationwide Inpatient Sample database, based on International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification, codes and the diagnosis-related groups...
May 11, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598987/ethnicity-and-the-first-diagnosis-of-a-wide-range-of-cardiovascular-diseases-associations-in-a-linked-electronic-health-record-cohort-of-1-million-patients
#11
Julie George, Rohini Mathur, Anoop Dinesh Shah, Mar Pujades-Rodriguez, Spiros Denaxas, Liam Smeeth, Adam Timmis, Harry Hemingway
BACKGROUND: While the association of ethnic group with individual cardiovascular diseases has been studied, little is known about ethnic differences in the initial lifetime presentation of clinical cardiovascular disease in contemporary populations. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 1,068,318 people, aged ≥30 years and free from diagnosed CVD at baseline (90.9% White, 3.6% South Asian and 2.9% Black), using English linked electronic health records covering primary care, hospital admissions, acute coronary syndrome registry and mortality registry (CALIBER platform)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598016/race-ethnicity-and-cardiovascular-events-among-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#12
Medha Barbhaiya, Candace H Feldman, Hongshu Guan, Jose A Gómez-Puerta, Michael A Fischer, Daniel H Solomon, Brendan Everett, Karen H Costenbader
OBJECTIVE: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is more prevalent with more severe outcomes among Blacks, Asians, and Hispanics than Whites. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death among SLE patients. We examined racial/ethnic variation in risk of CVD events among SLE patients. METHODS: Within Medicaid Analytic eXtract (2000-2010), we identified patients aged 18-65 with SLE (≥ 3 ICD-9 710.0 codes, ≥30 days apart) and ≥12 months of continuous enrollment...
June 9, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595791/association-between-trace-elements-in-the-environment-and-stroke-risk-the-reasons-for-geographic-and-racial-differences-in-stroke-regards-study
#13
Peter D Merrill, Steve B Ampah, Ka He, Nicole J Rembert, John Brockman, Dawn Kleindorfer, Leslie A McClure
The disparities in stroke mortality between blacks and whites, as well as the increased stroke mortality in the "stroke belt" have long been noted. The reasons for these disparities have yet to be fully explained. The association between trace element status and cardiovascular diseases, including stroke, has been suggested as a possible contributor to the disparities in stroke mortality but has not been fully explored. The purpose of this study is to investigate distributions of four trace elements (arsenic, mercury, magnesium, and selenium) in the environment in relation to stroke risk...
July 2017: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590446/fruits-of-black-chokeberry-aronia-melanocarpa-in-the-prevention-of-chronic-diseases
#14
REVIEW
Tunde Jurikova, Jiri Mlcek, Sona Skrovankova, Daniela Sumczynski, Jiri Sochor, Irena Hlavacova, Lukas Snopek, Jana Orsavova
In recent years, growing attention has been focused on the utilization of natural sources of antioxidants in the prevention of chronic diseases. Black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) represents a lesser known fruit species utilized mainly as juices, purees, jams, jellies and wine, as important food colorants or nutritional supplements. The fruit is valued as a great source of antioxidants, especially polyphenols, such as phenolic acids (neochlorogenic and chlorogenic acids) and flavonoids (anthocyanins, proanthocyanidins, flavanols and flavonols), particularly cyanidin-3-galactoside and cyanidin-3-arabinoside, as well as (-)-epicatechin units...
June 7, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583687/relation-of-serum-vitamin-d-to-risk-of-mitral-annular-and-aortic-valve-calcium-from-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#15
Martin Tibuakuu, Di Zhao, Ian H de Boer, Eliseo Guallar, Anna E Bortnick, Pamela L Lutsey, Matthew J Budoff, Jorge R Kizer, Bryan R Kestenbaum, Erin D Michos
Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration has been identified as a possible modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). We hypothesized that serum 25(OH)D concentration would be associated with calcifications of the left-sided heart valves, which are markers of CVD risk. Aortic valve calcium (AVC) and mitral annular calcium (MAC) were quantified from cardiac computed tomography scans performed on 5,530 Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis participants at the baseline examination (2000 to 2002) and at a follow-up visit at either Examination 2 (2002 to 2004) or Examination 3 (2004 to 2005)...
May 11, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572463/cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-disease-characteristics-are-consistently-associated-with-arterial-function-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#16
Sule Gunter, Chanel Robinson, Gavin R Norton, Angela J Woodiwiss, Linda Tsang, Patrick H Dessein, Aletta M E Millen
OBJECTIVE: Arterial properties influence cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. We identified potential determinants of arterial function in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Relationships of traditional cardiovascular risk factors and RA characteristics with arterial stiffness (pulse wave velocity), wave reflection (augmentation index, reflected wave pressure, and reflection magnitude), and pressure pulsatility (central systolic and pulse pressure, peripheral pulse pressure, pulse pressure amplification, and forward wave pressure) were identified in multivariable backward regression models among 177 patients without established CVD (118 white, 32 Asian, 22 black, 5 mixed ancestry)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572159/apol1-risk-variants-and-cardiovascular-disease-results-from-the-aask-african-american-study-of-kidney-disease-and-hypertension
#17
Teresa K Chen, Lawrence J Appel, Morgan E Grams, Adrienne Tin, Michael J Choi, Michael S Lipkowitz, Cheryl A Winkler, Michelle M Estrella
OBJECTIVE: Among black, the apolipoprotein L1 (APOL1) risk variants have been associated with various types of kidney disease and chronic kidney disease progression. We aimed to determine whether these same risk variants also confer an increased risk for cardiovascular disease. APPROACH AND RESULTS: In a cohort of blacks with hypertension-attributed chronic kidney disease followed for up to 12 years, we used Cox proportional hazards models to estimate the relative hazard of a composite cardiovascular disease outcome (cardiovascular death or hospitalization for myocardial infarction, cardiac revascularization procedure, heart failure, or stroke) for the APOL1 high- (2 risk variants) versus low-risk (0-1 risk variant) genotypes...
June 1, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566311/comparing-effectiveness-of-mass-media-campaigns-with-price-reductions-targeting-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-on-us-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-and-race-disparities
#18
Jonathan Pearson-Stuttard, Piotr Bandosz, Colin D Rehm, Ashkan Afshin, Jose L Peñalvo, Laurie Whitsel, Goodarz Danaei, Renata Micha, Tom Gaziano, Ffion Lloyd-Williams, Simon Capewell, Dariush Mozaffarian, Martin O'Flaherty
Background: A low intake of fruits and vegetables (F&Vs) is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the United States. Both mass media campaigns (MMCs) and economic incentives may increase F&V consumption. Few data exist on their comparative effectiveness.Objective: We estimated CVD mortality reductions potentially achievable by price reductions and MMC interventions targeting F&V intake in the US population.Design: We developed a US IMPACT Food Policy Model to compare 3 policies targeting F&V intake across US adults from 2015 to 2030: national MMCs and national F&V price reductions of 10% and 30%...
May 31, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557989/association-between-expansion-of-primary-healthcare-and-racial-inequalities-in-mortality-amenable-to-primary-care-in-brazil-a-national-longitudinal-analysis
#19
Thomas Hone, Davide Rasella, Mauricio L Barreto, Azeem Majeed, Christopher Millett
BACKGROUND: Universal health coverage (UHC) can play an important role in achieving Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 10, which addresses reducing inequalities, but little supporting evidence is available from low- and middle-income countries. Brazil's Estratégia de Saúde da Família (ESF) (family health strategy) is a community-based primary healthcare (PHC) programme that has been expanding since the 1990s and is the main platform for delivering UHC in the country. We evaluated whether expansion of the ESF was associated with differential reductions in mortality amenable to PHC between racial groups...
May 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535617/epidemiology-and-clinical-characteristics-of-sarcoidosis-an-update-from-a-population-based-cohort-study-from-olmsted-county-minnesota
#20
P Ungprasert, C S Crowson, E L Matteson
Information about the epidemiology, clinical manifestations and comorbidities of sarcoidosis among Caucasians is relatively scarce. This review focuses primarily on the data from a recently published Caucasianpredominant population-based cohort from Olmsted County, Minnesota. Overall, the incidence rate was 10.0 per 100,000 population, which suggested that sarcoidosis is less common in Caucasians than in Blacks, but is more common in Caucasians than in Asians. Intrathoracic involvement was seen in the vast majority of patients, but less than half have respiratory symptoms...
May 22, 2017: Reumatismo
keyword
keyword
107169
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"