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Obesity and labor

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780807/a-critical-review-of-the-bacterial-baptism-hypothesis-and-the-impact-of-cesarean-delivery-on-the-infant-microbiome
#1
REVIEW
Lisa F Stinson, Matthew S Payne, Jeffrey A Keelan
Numerous studies suggest that infants delivered by cesarean section are at a greater risk of non-communicable diseases than their vaginal counterparts. In particular, epidemiological studies have linked Cesarean delivery with increased rates of asthma, allergies, autoimmune disorders, and obesity. Mode of delivery has also been associated with differences in the infant microbiome. It has been suggested that these differences are attributable to the "bacterial baptism" of vaginal birth, which is bypassed in cesarean deliveries, and that the abnormal establishment of the early-life microbiome is the mediator of later-life adverse outcomes observed in cesarean delivered infants...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778087/midwifery-management-of-pregnant-women-who-are-obese
#2
Margi Reither, Elaine Germano, Michele DeGrazia
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is associated with increased risks for adverse health outcomes during and after pregnancy in both the woman with obesity and her infant. This study was designed to investigate midwifery management of pregnant women with obesity. METHODS: Certified midwives and certified nurse-midwives who were members of the American College of Nurse-Midwives were sent a survey. The survey instrument was divided into 4 sections: demographic characteristics; practice guidelines and protocols; the role of the 2015 Levels of Maternal Care guidelines for referral, including transfer to a higher level of care; and factors that influence management of pregnant women with obesity...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772056/maternal-plasma-leptin-levels-in-relation-to-the-duration-of-the-active-phase-of-labor
#3
Sara Carlhäll, Karin Källén, Annika Thorsell, Marie Blomberg
INTRODUCTION: Obese women have increased leptin levels and longer duration of labor compared to normal weight women. Leptin has an inhibitory effect on myometrial contractility in vitro. Our purpose was to examine whether maternal leptin levels in active labor were associated with the duration of the active phase of labor. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 914 women. Maternal blood samples were collected in active labor. The plasma-leptin concentration was obtained using a direct sandwich-based ELISA...
May 17, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766619/universal-infant-health-interventions-and-young-adult-outcomes
#4
Miriam Wüst, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Merete Osler, Thorkild I A Sørensen
Three recent studies have documented short- and long-run benefits of early-infancy health interventions in Norway, Sweden, and Denmark: Universal nurse home visiting (NHV) and well-baby center care decreased infant mortality and positively impacted long-run survival (DK, S), morbidity (DK, N), and educational and labor market outcomes (N). Using Danish conscription data, this paper examines intermediate outcomes to assess both potential mechanisms and the importance of selective survival for the long-run health effects of NHV...
May 16, 2018: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763280/maternal-obesity-and-labor-induction
#5
Timothy Myrick, R Stephen Griffith, Kevin Sisk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758115/antepartum-care-of-women-who-are-obese-during-pregnancy-systematic-review-of-the-current-evidence
#6
REVIEW
Nicole S Carlson, Sharon Lynn Leslie, Alexis Dunn
INTRODUCTION: Nearly 40% of US women of childbearing age are obese. Obesity during pregnancy is associated with multiple risks for both the woman and fetus, yet clinicians often feel unprepared to provide optimal antepartum care for this group of women. We collected and reviewed current evidence concerning antepartum care of women who are obese during pregnancy. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review using PRISMA guidelines. Current evidence relating to the pregnancy care of women with a prepregnancy body mass index of 30kg/m2 or higher was identified using MEDLINE databases via PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science Core Collection between January 2012 and February 2018...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756788/identifying-job-characteristics-related-to-employed-women-s-breastfeeding-behaviors
#7
Christiane Spitzmueller, Jing Zhang, Candice L Thomas, Zhuxi Wang, Gwenith G Fisher, Russell A Matthews, Lane Strathearn
For employed mothers of infants, reconciliation of work demands and breastfeeding constitutes a significant challenge. The discontinuation of breastfeeding has the potential to result in negative outcomes for the mother (e.g., higher likelihood of obesity), her employer (e.g., increased absenteeism), and her infant (e.g., increased risk of infection). Given previous research findings identifying return to work as a major risk factor for breastfeeding cessation, we investigate what types of job characteristics relate to women's intentions to breastfeed shortly after giving birth and women's actual breastfeeding initiation and duration...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707565/maternal-body-mass-index-and-anovaginal-distance-in-active-phase-of-term-labor
#8
Linda Hjertberg, Eva Uustal, Sofia Pihl, Marie Blomberg
Introduction: To evaluate if there was a difference in the anovaginal distance (AVD) measured by transperineal ultrasound between obese and normal weight women. Material and Methods: A prospective observational study including 207 primiparous women at term in first stage of labor. Transperineal ultrasound with a vaginal probe was used to measure the AVD. Maternal, pregnancy, and delivery characteristics potentially associated with perineal thickness were extracted from woman's medical records...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683900/term-elective-induction-of-labor-and-pregnancy-outcomes-among-obese-women-and-their-offspring-correction
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658948/maternal-employment-and-mexican-school-age-children-overweight-in-2012-the-importance-of-households-features
#10
Alejandro Martínez Espinosa
Background: International evidence regarding the relationship between maternal employment and school-age children overweight and obesity shows divergent results. In Mexico, this relationship has not been confirmed by national data sets analysis. Consequently, the objective of this article was to evaluate the role of the mothers' participation in labor force related to excess body weight in Mexican school-age children (aged 5-11 years). Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 17,418 individuals from the National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012, applying binomial logistic regression models...
2018: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610945/effect-of-maternal-obesity-on-labor-induction-in-postdate-pregnancy
#11
Ahmed M Maged, Ali M El-Semary, Heba M Marie, Doaa S Belal, Ayman Hany, Mohammad A Taymour, Eman F Omran, Sahar M Y Elbaradie, Mohamed A Kamal Mohamed
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that there is a higher rate of unsuccessful induction of labor (IOL) in post-term obese pregnant women compared to non-obese ones. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, 144 obese (BMI > 30) and 144 non-obese (BMI < 29.9) post-term (> 41 weeks) pregnant women were recruited. IOL was done by misoprostol or amniotomy and oxytocin infusion according to the Bishop score. Comparison of percentage of failed IOL in both groups (primary outcome) was performed by the Chi-test...
April 2, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609190/stillbirth-inflammatory-markers-and-obesity-results-from-the-stillbirth-collaborative-research-network
#12
Margo S Harrison, Vanessa R Thorsten, Donald J Dudley, Corette B Parker, Matthew A Koch, Carol J R Hogue, Barbara J Stoll, Robert M Silver, Michael W Varner, M Halit Pinar, Donald R Coustan, George R Saade, Radek K Bukowski, Deborah L Conway, Marian Willinger, Uma M Reddy, Robert L Goldenberg
BACKGROUND:  Obesity is associated with increased risk of stillbirth, although the mechanisms are unknown. Obesity is also associated with inflammation. Serum ferritin, C-reactive protein, white blood cell count, and histologic chorioamnionitis are all markers of inflammation. OBJECTIVE:  This article determines if inflammatory markers are associated with stillbirth and body mass index (BMI). Additionally, we determined whether inflammatory markers help to explain the known relationship between obesity and stillbirth...
April 2, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601502/demographics-and-psychological-factors-associated-with-adiposity-in-nurses
#13
Bernarda Sánchez-Jiménez, Reyna Sámano, Daniela Chinchilla-Ochoa, Rosa Morales-Hernández, Ana Rodríguez-Ventura
Adiposity-based chronic disease (ABCD), overweight-Ow- or obesity-Ob-) in health personnel is as frequent as in the general population, even though they understand well the importance of maintaining a healthy weight. Thus, it is highly likely that certain demographic and psychological conditions, independently of knowledge, are contributing to develop ABCD. The aim of this study was to examine the association between these factors and ABCD in nurses. Data were collected from a cross-sectional study conducted in a tertiary level institute in Mexico City from 2012 to 2013...
March 30, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590118/association-between-periconceptional-weight-loss-and-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-obese-infertile-women
#14
Anne M van Oers, Meike A Q Mutsaerts, Jan M Burggraaff, Walter K H Kuchenbecker, Denise A M Perquin, Carolien A M Koks, Ron van Golde, Eugenie M Kaaijk, Frank J Broekmans, Jan Peter de Bruin, Fulco van der Veen, Annemiek W Nap, Ed T C M Gondrie, Ben W J Mol, Henk Groen, Annemieke Hoek
BACKGROUND: Obesity in women of reproductive age has deleterious effects on reproductive and offspring health. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the association between the magnitude of periconceptional body-mass index (BMI) change and maternal and neonatal outcomes in obese infertile women who participated in the LIFEstyle study. The LIFEstyle study was a randomized controlled trial, evaluating if a six-month lifestyle intervention program prior to infertility treatment in obese infertile women improved birth rates, compared to prompt infertility treatment...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575180/sonographic-assessment-of-the-anal-sphincter-after-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injury-oasi-using-transperineal-ultrasound-tpus
#15
EDITORIAL
Vered H Eisenberg, Dan V Valsky, Simcha Yagel
Obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASI) is the most common cause of anal incontinence and ano-rectal symptoms in women1 . Reported rates of anal incontinence following primary repair of OASI range between 15-61%, with a mean of 39%2, 3 . Other possible complications of OASI include perineal pain, dyspareunia, and less commonly, abscess formation, wound breakdown, and rectovaginal fistulae. Symptom onset may occur immediately, several years postpartum, or only late in life when aging of tissues adds to the delivery insult...
March 24, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573249/the-risk-of-spontaneous-preterm-birth-according-to-maternal-pre-pregnancy-body-mass-index-in-twin-gestations
#16
Su Jin Sung, Seung Mi Lee, Sunmin Kim, Byoung Jae Kim, Chan Wook Park, Joong Shin Park, Jong Kwan Jun
BACKGROUND: Maternal obesity is a well-known risk factor for both total preterm birth (PTB) and spontaneous PTB in singleton gestation, whereas this association is not well determined in multiple pregnancy. The objective of this study was to determine the risk of spontaneous PTB according to the pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) in twin gestations. METHODS: The association between the risk of PTB and pre-pregnancy BMI was determined in women pregnant with twins between 2004 and 2014...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555134/association-of-sleep-duration-and-sleep-quality-with-the-physical-social-and-emotional-functioning-among-australian-adults
#17
Tea Lallukka, Børge Sivertsen, Erkki Kronholm, Yu Sun Bin, Simon Øverland, Nick Glozier
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the interaction of two key determinants of sleep health, quantity and quality, with physical, emotional, and social functioning, in the general population. DESIGN: Nationally-representative Australian cross-sectional study. SETTING: General population. PARTICIPANTS: 14,571 people aged 15 or older in Household, Income and Labor Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) in 2013. MEASUREMENTS: The associations of sleep quality (good/poor) in combination with mid-range (6-8 hours), short (<6) or long (>8) sleep duration with functioning, determined from the SF-36, were evaluated using logistic regression adjusting for sociodemographic, relationships, health behaviors, obesity, pain, and mental and physical illness confounders...
April 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547984/are-navy-weight-management-programs-ensuring-sailor-physical-readiness-an-analysis-at-naval-medical-center-san-diego
#18
Gordon G Wisbach, Joshua Peters, Jenise Leon Guerrero, Nelson Mozzini, Helen Metzger
Introduction: The obesity epidemic in the USA includes active duty service members in the military and effects physical readiness. At the Naval Medical Center San Diego command, the Health & Wellness Department is charged with administering the Weight Management Programs (WMP) for sailors in the San Diego area to ensure military physical readiness requirements. The optimal allocation of personnel and resources to manage these programs is paramount for mission success. We analyzed the cost and effectiveness of the WMPs for the active duty population stationed at Naval Medical Center San Diego (NMCSD) with the intent of offering potential recommendations for program optimization...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538366/prenatal-perinatal-and-neonatal-risk-factors-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Elizabeth Hisle-Gorman, Apryl Susi, Theophil Stokes, Gregory Gorman, Christine Erdie-Lalena, Cade M Nylund
BackgroundWe explored the association of 29 previously reported neonatal, perinatal, and prenatal conditions, and exposures with later diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in a large sample of children followed over multiple years.MethodsA retrospective case-cohort study was formed using the Military Health System database. Cases were identified by International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes for ASD between 2000 and 2013, and were matched 3:1 with controls on sex, date of birth, and enrollment time frame...
April 18, 2018: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536101/health-care-spending-in-the-united-states-and-other-high-income-countries
#20
Irene Papanicolas, Liana R Woskie, Ashish K Jha
Importance: Health care spending in the United States is a major concern and is higher than in other high-income countries, but there is little evidence that efforts to reform US health care delivery have had a meaningful influence on controlling health care spending and costs. Objective: To compare potential drivers of spending, such as structural capacity and utilization, in the United States with those of 10 of the highest-income countries (United Kingdom, Canada, Germany, Australia, Japan, Sweden, France, the Netherlands, Switzerland, and Denmark) to gain insight into what the United States can learn from these nations...
March 13, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
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