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Obesity and labor

Gordon G Wisbach, Joshua Peters, Jenise Leon Guerrero, Nelson Mozzini, Helen Metzger
Introduction: The obesity epidemic in the USA includes active duty service members in the military and effects physical readiness. At the Naval Medical Center San Diego command, the Health & Wellness Department is charged with administering the Weight Management Programs (WMP) for sailors in the San Diego area to ensure military physical readiness requirements. The optimal allocation of personnel and resources to manage these programs is paramount for mission success. We analyzed the cost and effectiveness of the WMPs for the active duty population stationed at Naval Medical Center San Diego (NMCSD) with the intent of offering potential recommendations for program optimization...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
Elizabeth Hisle-Gorman, Apryl Susi, Theophil Stokes, Gregory Gorman, Christine Erdie-Lalena, Cade M Nylund
OBJECTIVE: We explored the association of 29 previously reported neonatal, perinatal and prenatal conditions and exposures with later diagnosis of ASD in a large sample of children followed over multiple years. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective case-cohort study was formed using the Military Health System database. Cases were identified by International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes for ASD between 2000 and 2013 and were matched 3:1 with controls on sex, date of birth, and enrollment time-frame...
March 14, 2018: Pediatric Research
Irene Papanicolas, Liana R Woskie, Ashish K Jha
Importance: Health care spending in the United States is a major concern and is higher than in other high-income countries, but there is little evidence that efforts to reform US health care delivery have had a meaningful influence on controlling health care spending and costs. Objective: To compare potential drivers of spending, such as structural capacity and utilization, in the United States with those of 10 of the highest-income countries (United Kingdom, Canada, Germany, Australia, Japan, Sweden, France, the Netherlands, Switzerland, and Denmark) to gain insight into what the United States can learn from these nations...
March 13, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Jeffrey Pradeep Raj, Shervin Ploriya
Background: An understudied risk factor for overweight/obesity in our population is distorted body image perception where studies from the west have proved a clear association between the two. We therefore aimed to evaluate the same and document the prevalence of overweight/obesity among rehabilitated slum dwellers. Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study conducted during February 2015. The participants were recruited from among permanent residents of Tamil Nadu Slum Clearance Board residential apartment blocks...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Seung-Yong Han, Alexandra A Brewis, Cindi SturtzSreetharan
For an industrialized nation, obesity rates in South Korea are extremely low. Yet, reflecting an extremely fat-averse, thin-positive society, efforts to lose weight are now reportedly very common. Since the 1980s, South Korea has experienced an increasingly flexible and insecure labor market which was exacerbated by the 1997 economic recession. In this social and economic setting, body shape and weight status, as human capital, may have gained significant bargaining power in the labor market. Consequently, we propose that Koreans, particularly those who are employed in "stable" jobs (i...
March 9, 2018: Economics and Human Biology
James H O'Keefe, James J DiNicolantonio, Carl J Lavie
Coffee, a complex brew containing hundreds of biologically active compounds, exerts potent effects on long-term human health. Recently, a plethora of studies have been published focusing on health outcomes associated with coffee intake. An inverse association between coffee consumption and all-cause mortality has been seen consistently in large prospective studies. Habitual coffee consumption is also associated with lower risks for cardiovascular (CV) death and a variety of adverse CV outcomes, including coronary heart disease (CHD), congestive heart failure (HF), and stroke; coffee's effects on arrhythmias and hypertension are neutral...
February 20, 2018: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
M Strassnig, R Kotov, L Fochtmann, M Kalin, E J Bromet, P D Harvey
BACKGROUND: Since the Iowa 500 study, residential and occupational status have been frequently used as indicators of everyday achievements in research on schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. The relationships of residential and occupational status with impairment in multiple domains including physical health indicators across these two diagnoses, however, have rarely been studied. We examined these relationships at the 20-year follow-up assessment of a first-admission sample. METHODS: We included 146 participants with schizophrenia and 87 with bipolar disorder with psychosis who participated in the 20-year follow-up of the Suffolk County Mental Health Project...
February 19, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
Marion W C Vlemminx, Kirsten M J Thijssen, Galin I Bajlekov, Jeanne P Dieleman, M Beatrijs Van Der Hout-Van Der Jagt, S Guid Oei
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of maternal obesity on the performance of external tocodynamometry and electrohysterography. STUDY DESIGN: In a 2-hour measurement during term labor, uterine contractions were simultaneously measured by electrohysterography, external tocodynamometry, and intra-uterine pressure catheter. The sensitivity was compared between groups based on obesity (non-obese/obese/morbidly obese) or uterine palpation (good/moderate/poor), and was correlated to maternal BMI and abdominal circumference...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
V A Eley, A Chin, I Tham, J Poh, P Aujla, E Glasgow, H Brown, K Steele, L Webb, A van Zundert
BACKGROUND: Management of labor epidurals in obese women is difficult and extension to surgical anesthesia is not always successful. Our previous retrospective pilot study found epidural extension was more likely to fail in obese women. This study used a prospective cohort to compare the failure rate of epidural extension in obese and non-obese women and to identify risk factors for extension failure. METHODS: One hundred obese participants (Group O, body mass index ≥ 40 kg/m2 ) were prospectively identified and allocated two sequential controls (Group C, body mass index ≤ 30 kg/m2 )...
February 4, 2018: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
José Antonio Casimiro Pérez, Carlos Fernández Quesada, María Del Val Groba Marco, Iván Arteaga González, Francisco Cruz Benavides, Jaime Ponce, Pedro de Pablos Velasco, Joaquín Marchena Gómez
BACKGROUND: In the last decades, we have experienced an increase in the prevalence of obesity in western countries with a higher demand for bariatric surgery and consequently prolonged waiting times. Currently, in many public hospitals, the only criterion that establishes priority for bariatric surgery is waiting time regardless of obesity severity. METHODS: We propose a new, simple, and homogeneous clinical prioritization system, the Obesity Surgery Score (OSS), which takes into account simultaneously and equitably the time on surgical waiting list and the obesity severity based on three variables: body mass index, obesity-related comorbidities, and functional limitations...
January 30, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Juyeong Kim, Eun-Cheol Park, Young Choi, Sohee Park
Objectives Despite an increase in the female work force and recent increase in childhood obesity, the association between working hours of mothers and childhood obesity as well as how such association differs according to mothers' weight and intake frequency of energy-dense, nutrition-poor (EDNP) foods remain unclear. Methods Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2008-2012) that included samples from 3914 children in 2526 households were analyzed. Two-level (household-children) mixed-effects modeling was performed to investigate the association between mothers' working hours and childhood obesity based on body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC)...
January 29, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Emalie Hurkmans, Christophe Matthys, An Bogaerts, Leonie Scheys, Karlien Devloo, Jan Seghers
BACKGROUND: Conventional face-to-face weight loss and weight control programs are very labor intensive for both the patient and the provider. It is unclear to what extent conventional programs can be (partially) completed by mobile health (mHealth) apps. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of different weight loss programs using a combination of conventional and mobile programs among adults who are overweight (body mass index [BMI]>29 kg/m²)...
January 11, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
G Thiruvikrama Prakash, Ashok Kumar Das, Syed Habeebullah, Vishnu Bhat, Suryanarayana Bettadpura Shamanna
Introduction: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is common and is accompanied with other comorbidities. Challenges to treatment exist at our institute as it serves women with low income. This study assessed the burden of comorbidities and the outcome of GDM. Methods: This was a prospective, observational study of women with gestational diabetes attending the obstetrics department from September 2012 to April 2014. GDM was diagnosed based on the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups criteria...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Michelle Sophie Keller, Hannah J Park, Maria Elena Cunningham, Joshua Eleazar Fouladian, Michelle Chen, Brennan Mason Ross Spiegel
BACKGROUND: Virtual reality (VR) technology provides an immersive environment that enables users to have modified experiences of reality. VR is increasingly used to manage patients with pain, disability, obesity, neurologic dysfunction, anxiety, and depression. However, public opinion regarding the use of VR in health care has not been explored. Understanding public opinion of VR is critical to ensuring effective implementation of this emerging technology. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine public opinion about health care VR using social listening, a method that allows for the exploration of unfiltered views of topics discussed on social media and online forums...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Meliha Salahuddin, Christina Davidson, David L Lakey, Divya A Patel
BACKGROUND: Induction of labor (IOL) is increasingly common in the United States, yet characteristics associated with IOL among primiparous women delivering at term are not well understood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the Listening to Mothers III study, a survey of women aged 18-45 with singleton deliveries in U.S. hospitals in 2011-2012, were utilized. Weighted logistic regression models examined predictors of IOL among 924 primiparous women with term deliveries...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
Palmira Santos, Jennifer Gaudet Hefele, Grant Ritter, Jennifer Darden, Cassandra Firneno, Ann Hendrich
OBJECTIVE: To re-examine the risk factors for shoulder dystocia given the increasing rates of obesity and diabetes in pregnant women. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING: Five hospitals located in Wisconsin, Florida, Maryland, Michigan, and Alabama. PARTICIPANTS: We evaluated 19,236 births that occurred between April 1, 2011, and July 25, 2013. METHODS: Data were collected from electronic medical records and used to evaluate the risk of shoulder dystocia...
January 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Cassandra M Gibbs Pickens, Michael R Kramer, Penelope P Howards, Martina L Badell, Aaron B Caughey, Carol J Hogue
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether elective induction of labor between 39 through 41 weeks of gestation, as compared with expectant management, is associated with reduced cesarean delivery and other adverse outcomes among obese women and their offspring. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the 2007-2011 California Linked Patient Discharge Data-Birth Cohort File of 165,975 singleton, cephalic, nonanomalous deliveries to obese women. For each gestational week (39-41), we used multivariable logistic regression models, stratified by parity, to assess whether elective induction of labor or expectant management was associated with lower odds of cesarean delivery and other adverse outcomes...
January 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Shauna Stahlman, Catherine T Witkop, Leslie L Clark, Stephen B Taubman
Diagnoses of "complications of pregnancy, childbirth, and the puerperium" include both morbid complications and indications for routine care of pregnant women. During 2012-2016, a total of 55,601 U.S. service members with live births (n=63,879) had 657,060 medical encounters with primary diagnoses of "pregnancy complications." The most frequent diagnoses were "other" specified conditions complicating pregnancy, childbirth, or the puerperium. Numbers of medical encounters with a primary (first-listed) diagnosis of any pregnancy-related complication or indication for care decreased marginally each year between 2012 (n=178,703) and 2016 (n=146,282)...
November 2017: MSMR
Tae Hyun Kim, Euna Han
It has previously been reported that an individual's body mass index (BMI) contemporaneously penalizes wages for women, but has no effect and sometimes rewards wages for men. In young adults, we estimate the association of BMI status with initial wages to assess whether initial BMI at the beginning of an individual's career affects initial and later earnings. We pooled data from 388 men and 305 women, aged 20-40 years, with BMI information for the first year of employment, using the Korean Labor and Income Panel Study...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
R F Zhao, W Y Zhang, L Zhou
Objective: To investigate the risk of emergency cesarean section during labor with the pre-pregnancy body mass index or gestational weight gain. Methods: A total of 6 908 healthy nullipara with singleton pregnancy and cephalic presentation who was in term labor in Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital from August 1(st), 2014 to September 30(th), 2015 were recruited. They were divided into two groups, the vaginal delivery group (92.88%, 6 416/6 908) and the emergency cesarean section group (7.12%, 492/6 908)...
November 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
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