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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778971/infraclavicular-and-supraclavicular-approaches-to-brachial-plexus-for-ambulatory-elbow-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-observer-blinded-trial
#1
Shalini Dhir, Brigid Brown, Peter Mack, Yves Bureau, Janice Yu, Douglas Ross
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of supraclavicular and infraclavicular approaches to brachial plexus block for elbow surgery. DESIGN: Prospective, parallel arm, observer-blinded, randomized controlled trial. SETTING: This study occurred in a designated block room at St. Joseph's hospital, a large academic tertiary hospital in London, Canada. PATIENTS: 150 adult ASA class I-III patients undergoing elective ambulatory elbow surgery...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776470/clinical-outcomes-of-anconeus-interposition-arthroplasty-after-radial-head-resection-in-native-and-prosthetic-radial-heads
#2
Hithem Rahmi, Julie A Neumann, Christopher Klein, Carola F van Eck, Brian K Lee, John Itamura
BACKGROUND: Radiocapitellar pathology after traumatic injury to the elbow can be challenging to treat. The anconeus interposition arthroplasty has been proposed to treat radiocapitellar or proximal radioulnar joint dysfunction and pain, or both. This study evaluated whether radial head excision (native or prosthetic), followed by an anconeus interposition arthroplasty, relieves pain and improves subjective and objective elbow function in patients with post-traumatic radiocapitellar pathology...
June 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776469/correlation-of-patient-reported-outcomes-measurement-information-system-promis-scores-with-legacy-patient-reported-outcome-scores-in-patients-undergoing-rotator-cuff-repair
#3
Brendan M Patterson, Nathan D Orvets, Alexander W Aleem, Jay D Keener, Ryan P Calfee, Devon C Nixon, Aaron M Chamberlain
BACKGROUND: The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) is being used to assess outcomes in many patient populations despite limited validation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) and Simple Shoulder Test (SST) scores and PROMIS Physical Function (PF) and Upper Extremity (UE) function scores collected preoperatively in patients undergoing rotator cuff repair. METHODS: This cross-sectional study analyzed 164 consecutive patients undergoing arthroscopic rotator cuff repair...
June 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771396/lyme-arthritis-of-the-pediatric-elbow-a-case-series
#4
David Gendelberg, William L Hennrikus
Most patients with untreated Lyme disease will experience joint symptoms. Owing to their resemblance in clinical presentation, Lyme arthritis and septic arthritis are often difficult to differentiate. However, their treatment is different. The elbow is rarely the first joint to present with symptoms. Therefore, Lyme disease is not commonly included in the differential diagnosis for children presenting with isolated elbow pain. The authors report 4 cases of monoarticular Lyme arthritis presenting in the elbow...
May 16, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768379/usefulness-of-polydeoxyribonucleotide-as-an-alternative-to-corticosteroids-in-patients-with-lateral-epicondyitis-a-case-series
#5
Goo Joo Lee, Donghwi Park
RATIONALE: Local corticosteroid injections are commonly used as an easy, cost-effective treatment for patients with lateral epicondylitis (LE). Despite their strong anti-inflammatory effect, repeated injections of corticosteroids are not recommended in LE because they can aggravate tearing of the tendons. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 65-year-old (Case1) man and a 59-year-old (Case2) man had a 2-month history of right lateral elbow pain exacerbation. DIAGNOSES: Lateral epicondylitis with hypervascularity of the common extensor tendon...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754843/revision-of-failed-hemiarthroplasty-for-painful-glenoid-arthrosis-to-anatomic-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#6
Mihir M Sheth, Daniel Sholder, Joseph Abboud, Mark D Lazarus, Matthew L Ramsey, Gerald R Williams, Surena Namdari
BACKGROUND: The impending burden of revision shoulder arthroplasty has increased interest in outcomes of revision procedures. Painful glenoid arthrosis following hemiarthroplasty is a common cause of reoperation, and conversion to anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty is one option. METHODS: We identified patients who underwent revision of painful hemiarthroplasty to total shoulder arthroplasty over a 15-year period in a single tertiary-care health system. Presurgical and operative data were analyzed for 28 patients who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749919/results-of-reoperation-for-failed-ulnar-nerve-surgery-at-the-elbow-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Tinatin Natroshvili, Erik T Walbeehm, Nens van Alfen, Ronald H M A Bartels
OBJECTIVE The clinical results of reoperation for recurrent or persistent ulnar nerve compression at the elbow have not been clearly determined. The aim of this review was to determine overall improvement, residual pain, and sensory and motor deficits following reoperation regardless of the type of primary surgery performed for this condition. METHODS In accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) recommendations, a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies was performed...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742468/native-septic-arthritis-is-not-an-immediate-surgical-emergency
#8
Nicolas Lauper, Marie Davat, Ergys Gjika, Camillo Müller, Wilson Belaieff, Didier Pittet, Benjamin A Lipsky, Didier Hannouche, Ilker Uçkay
Acute native joint septic arthritis is generally considered a surgical emergency, requiring drainage within hours, including during night, weekend or holiday shifts. However, there are few data supporting the need for the disruption caused by this degree of urgency. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all adult patients seen in our medical center from 1997-2015 with culture-proven septic arthritis and noted the epidemiology of sequelae, and their possible association with a delay in surgical drainage...
May 6, 2018: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740633/effect-of-early-use-of-abobotulinumtoxina-after-stroke-on-spasticity-progression-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-pilot-study-in-adult-subjects-with-moderate-to-severe-upper-limb-spasticity-ontime-pilot
#9
Keng He Kong, Jovita Balcaitiene, Hugues Berard, Pascal Maisonobe, Khean Jin Goh, Witsanu Kumthornthip, Raymond L Rosales
Introduction: Approximately 15 million people suffer a stroke annually, up to 40% of which may develop spasticity, which can result in impaired limb function, pain and associated involuntary movements affecting motor control.Robust clinical data on spasticity progression, associated symptoms development and functional impairment is scarce. Additionally, maximal duration of muscle tone reduction following botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) injections remains undetermined. The ONTIME pilot study aims to explore these issues and evaluate whether abobotulinumtoxinA 500 U (Dysport® ; Ipsen) administered intramuscularly within 12 weeks following stroke delays the appearance or progression of symptomatic (disabling) upper limb spasticity (ULS)...
June 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735339/distal-medial-tibial-locking-plate-for-fixation-of-extraarticular-distal-humeral-fractures-an-alternative-choice-for-fixation
#10
Ali Cagdas Yorukoglu, Ahmet Fahir Demirkan, Nihal Buker
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe an alternative fixation method for distal humeral extra-articular fractures through posterior approach using distal tibia anatomic locking plate; and to evaluate the patient's functional outcome and union condition. METHODS: Eighteen patients (11 men and 7 women; average age of 37.0 ± 17.3 years (range: 18-73 years)) with a distal humeral extra-articular fracture who were treated with distal tibial medial locking plate were included into the study...
May 4, 2018: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734945/subtle-elbow-instability-associated-with-lateral-epicondylitis
#11
Sang Ho Kwak, Seung-Jun Lee, Hee Seok Jeong, Min Uk Do, Kuen Tak Suh
BACKGROUND: In lateral epicondylitis, even in the absence of apparent instability, subtle instability can be found under anesthesia. We wanted to ascertain the following: (1) how many elbows surgically treated with lateral epicondylitis showed subtle instability during examination under anesthesia (EUA), (2) how effective magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was in predicting subtle instability, and (3) if any difference existed in preoperative clinical data between elbows with and without subtle instability during EUA...
May 7, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734908/recurrent-cubital-tunnel-syndrome-caused-by-ganglion-a-report-of-nine-cases
#12
Masatoshi Komatsu, Shigeharu Uchiyama, Takumi Kimura, Naoki Suenaga, Masanori Hayashi, Hiroyuki Kato
BACKGROUND: Cubital tunnel syndrome (CuTS) is generally treated successfully by surgery and recurrent cases are rare. This study retrospectively investigated the clinical characteristics of recurrent CuTS caused by ganglion. METHODS: We evaluated nine patients who were surgically treated for recurrent CuTS caused by ganglion. Age distribution at recurrence ranged from 43 to 79 years. The initial surgery for CuTS had been performed using various methods. The asymptomatic period from initial surgery to recurrence ranged from 22 to 252 months...
June 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734905/simultaneous-compression-of-the-median-and-ulnar-nerve-at-the-elbow-a-retrospective-study
#13
Dimitrios Skouteris, Sofia Thoma, Georgios Andritsos, Nikolaos Tasios, Praxitelis Praxitelous, Vassilios Psychoyios
BACKGROUND: Simultaneous compression of the median and ulnar nerve at the elbow region has not been sufficiently highlighted in the literature. The purposes of the present study are to report our experience regarding this entity, to elucidate the clinical features, and to describe the operative technique and findings as well as the results of simultaneous decompression performed through the same medial incision. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of thirteen elbows in thirteen patients -nine men and four women- with simultaneous compression of the median and ulnar nerve at the elbow region between 2000 and 2011...
June 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734890/long-term-outcome-of-open-synovectomy-with-radial-head-resection-for-rheumatoid-elbow
#14
Masanori Nakayama, Yu Sakuma, Hitoshi Imamura, Koichiro Yano, Katsunori Ikari
BACKGROUND: We reviewed our surgical results of open synovectomy with radial head resection for rheumatoid elbow. METHODS: We reviewed the 20 patients (22 elbows) underwent open synovectomy for rheumatoid elbows retrospectively. The minimum follow-up period is over 10 years, and the average was 13 years 4 months. Surgical outcomes were evaluated using the VAS pain scale, range of motion, and radiologic outcomes including Larsen's grade and carrying angle. RESULTS: The mean VAS score was 39 (range, 10-90) at last follow-up...
June 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730212/arthroscopic-incomplete-repair-using-a-hybrid-technique-for-large-to-massive-rotator-cuff-tears-clinical-results-and-structural-integrity
#15
Jeung Yeol Jeong, Young Cheol Yoon, Sang Min Lee, Jae Chul Yoo
PURPOSE: The first aim of this study was to introduce the concept of hybrid repair (incomplete repair) for large to massive rotator cuff tears and to report clinical results and structural integrity of patients with a minimum 2-year follow-up. The second aim was to compare arthroscopic hybrid repair with partial repair for large to massive rotator cuff tears. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 65 patients who underwent arthroscopic incomplete (hybrid) repair (45 patients) or partial repair (20 patients) for large to massive cuff tears from March 2011 to January 2015...
May 2, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723034/large-critical-shoulder-angle-has-higher-risk-of-tendon-retear-after-arthroscopic-rotator-cuff-repair
#16
Hong Li, Yuzhou Chen, Jiwu Chen, Yinghui Hua, Shiyi Chen
BACKGROUND: The critical shoulder angle (CSA) is the angle created between the superior and inferior bone margins of the glenoid and the most lateral border of the acromion. A few studies recently investigated the relation between CSA and functional outcomes after rotator cuff repair. However, there is a lack of research investigating the effect of CSA on postoperative tendon integrity after rotator cuff repair. PURPOSE: To assess the effects of the CSA on postoperative tendon integrity after rotator cuff repair...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720378/immediate-effects-of-acupuncture-on-the-mechanosensitivity-of-the-median-nerve-an-exploratory-randomised-trial
#17
Nuno Morais, Henry Johannes Greten, Maria João Santos, Jorge Pereira Machado
BACKGROUND: Acupuncture appears to reduce the mechanosensitivity of peripheral nerves in animal models; yet, this possibility has not been demonstrated in humans. OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this exploratory trial was to evaluate the immediate effects of acupuncture on the mechanosensitivity of the median nerve, measured by the elbow extension range-of-motion (EE-ROM) at pain onset and maximum tolerance during the upper limb neurodynamic test 1 (ULNT1). Additional objectives were to test the effects of two different points in ULNT1 responses and critically appraise pre-/post-intervention changes for conducting future research...
May 2, 2018: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719315/the-short-term-effects-of-shock-wave-therapy-for-tennis-elbow-a-clinical-trial-study
#18
Mehran Razavipour, Masoud Shayesteh Azar, Mohamad Hosein Kariminasab, Salman Gaffari, Mehran Fazli
Background: Tennis elbow is one of the most often diagnosed pathology of the upper extremity and different treatments have been suggested for this disease, so this study was to investigate the effects of extracorporeal shock wave therapy in Tennis elbow treatment. Materials and Methods: We design a before and after clinical trial study (registry number: IRCT2012072610405N1) and investigated 40 patients with tennis elbow disease. All patients received 2000 pulses extracorporeal shock wave by piezoelectric device (WOLF Company) daily for one-week...
2018: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713746/the-treatment-of-chronic-radial-head-dislocation-in-monteggia-fracture-without-annular-ligament-reconstruction
#19
Hsuan-Yu Chen, Kuan-Wen Wu, Zheng-Ren Dong, Shier-Chieg Huang, Ken N Kuo, Ting-Ming Wang
INTRODUCTION: The treatment of neglected radial head dislocation after missed Monteggia fracture dislocation in children is a controversial issue. The purpose of this study is to report our clinical experience in the treatment of the condition without annular ligament reconstruction. METHOD: This is a retrospective review of 20 patients between 2008 and 2014. Procedures included open reduction of the radial head and ulnar lengthening angulation osteotomy. In cases of unstable radial head reduction, a trans-capitellar K wire was applied...
May 1, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712541/refractory-ulnar-nerve-symptoms-in-an-adolescent-pitcher-with-medial-apophysitis
#20
Aaron R Hellem, Elena J Jelsing, Wendy J Hurd
A 16-year-old high school baseball pitcher with a 3-week history of acute-onset pain in his medial elbow during throwing presented to physical therapy. Following examination, physical therapy was initiated and the patient was referred for imaging, with suspicion of ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injury. Radiographs were noncontributory. Ultrasound imaging, however, was performed by a physiatrist and was suggestive of a partial-thickness tear of the UCL and ulnar nerve enlargement. The physiatrist ordered magnetic resonance imaging, which confirmed a medial apophyseal stress reaction, a mild UCL sprain, and reactive ulnar nerve edema...
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
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