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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141716/hansen-s-disease-and-rheumatoid-arthritis-crossover-of-clinical-symptoms-a-case-series-of-18-patients-in-the-united-states
#1
Sarah M Labuda, John S Schieffelin, Jeffrey G Shaffer, Barbara M Stryjewska
Hansen's Disease (HD) is a rare, chronic granulomatous infection of the skin and peripheral nerves caused by the noncultivable organism Mycobacterium leprae. Arthritis is the third most common symptom of HD. Subjects with both confirmed HD on skin biopsy and chronic arthritis were identified at the National Hansen's Disease Program (NHDP). We conducted a series of medical chart reviews and extracted and logged personally deidentified data into a database and carried out descriptive analyses. Eighteen of 261 subjects presented to the NDHP with both HD and chronic arthritis between 2001 and 2015...
October 23, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125866/inconsistent-selection-of-outcomes-and-measurement-devices-found-in-shoulder-arthroplasty-research-an-analysis-of-studies-on-clinicaltrials-gov
#2
Matthew Thomas Sims, Byron Nice Detweiler, Jared Thomas Scott, Benjamin McKinnley Howard, Grant Richard Detten, Matt Vassar
INTRODUCTION: Recent evidence suggests a lack of standardization of shoulder arthroplasty outcomes. This issue is a limiting factor in systematic reviews. Core outcome set (COS) methodology could address this problem by delineating a minimum set of outcomes for measurement in all shoulder arthroplasty trials. METHODS: A ClinicalTrials.gov search yielded 114 results. Eligible trials were coded on the following characteristics: study status, study type, arthroplasty type, sample size, measured outcomes, outcome measurement device, specific metric of measurement, method of aggregation, outcome classification, and adverse events...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123932/hyperphosphatemic-tumoral-calcinosis-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#3
Takeshi Mochizuki, Katsunori Ikari
We report a case of hyperphosphatemic tumoral calcinosis (TC) that occurred after total knee arthroplasty. A 64-year-old Japanese man presented with painful swellings in both shoulders, the left elbow, and the right hip that developed after he underwent total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The pathology of the patient's bone at the time of TKA included a thick osteoid seam with calcareous deposition at the margin of the trabecular bone, which is not generally seen in osteoarthritis. Computed tomography scans of the swollen joints demonstrated leaflet and amorphous calcification masses around the joints...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117836/compressive-ulnar-neuropathy-caused-by-olecranon-bursitis-and-concomitant-epidermal-cyst-a-case-report
#4
Hiroshi Yamazaki, Michitaka Shinone, Hiroyuki Kato
Epidermal cyst is a dermal or subcutaneous epithelial cyst that contains keratin and is lined by true epidermis. Although extremely rare, it can cause pathology including nerve compression syndrome. We report a rare case of ulnar nerve compression in the elbow that was caused by olecranon bursitis and concomitant epidermal cyst in a 67-year-old man. The ulnar nerve was immediately adjacent to the olecranon bursa and was significantly compressed. There was no connection between the tumor and the ulnar nerve...
December 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117827/tuberculosis-of-the-elbow-region-in-pediatric-age-group-experiences-from-a-single-centre
#5
Anil Agarwal, Anuj Rastogi
BACKGROUND: Clinical series of tuberculosis of elbow region in children are few. The purpose of our study was to retrospectively review the presentation, healing response and functional results of 30 children. METHODS: The pretreatment disease presentation was studied from patient's case records. Serial radiographs of the patients were studied to see remineralization and healing of radiological lesions. For elbow's functional evaluation, pain, range of motion and recurrence were observed at final follow up...
December 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116386/clinical-and-ultrasonographic-enthesopathy-in-inflammatory-rheumatic-diseases-is-masei-or-only-calcaneal-enthesitis-sufficient
#6
Ekrem Süleyman, Kemal Nas, Halil Harman, Nedim Kaban
AIM: We aimed at investigating the ultrasonographic (US) and clinical prevalence of enthesopathy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and axial spondyloarthropathy (SpA), as well as the correlation between this condition and disease activity, along with the quality of life. METHODS: Included in the study were 30 axial SpA, 21 patients with RA, and 25 healthy cases. Bath Anklylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI), Ankylosing Spondylitis Quality of Life (ASQoL), Disease activity index  28 (DAS28), and Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) were used for clinical evaluation, and enthesal pain was evaluated by VAS, whereas enthesitis US evaluation was performed by using the MAdrid Sonographic Enthesitis Index (MASEI)...
November 7, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111467/reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-in-weight-bearing-shoulders-of-wheelchair-dependent-patients
#7
Eduard Alentorn-Geli, Nathan R Wanderman, Andrew T Assenmacher, Joaquín Sánchez-Sotelo, Robert H Cofield, John W Sperling
BACKGROUND: Wheelchair-dependent patients rely on their upper extremities for mobility and transfers. This entails the heavy use of upper extremities as weight-bearing joints, leading to shoulder overuse with increased prevalence of rotator cuff-related disorders, and ultimately to challenging cases for shoulder surgeons when a joint replacement is needed. OBJECTIVE: To report the outcomes of reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) in wheelchair-dependent patients with arthritis and rotator cuff tears...
October 27, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110652/open-subpectoral-biceps-tenodesis-in-patients-over-65-does-not-result-in-an-increased-rate-of-complications
#8
Andreas Voss, Simone Cerciello, Jessica DiVenere, Olga Solovyova, Felix Dyrna, John Apostolakos, David Lam, Mark P Cote, Knut Beitzel, Augustus D Mazzocca
BACKGROUND: Long head biceps tendon pathology is a common cause of anterior shoulder pain and is often associated with other shoulder conditions, such as rotator cuff tears and osteoarthritis. It is well accepted that older patients are at increased risk for major and minor peri- and postoperative complications. The purpose of this study is to investigate patients over 65 years old who underwent subpectoral biceps tenodesis and compare the complication rates of this group to those of patients younger than 65 years old...
November 6, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109880/an-unusual-subcutaneous-mass-in-an-otherwise-healthy-patient-a-case-report-of-localized-histoplasmosis-diagnosed-on-excisional-biopsy
#9
Brendon M Esquibel, Christine J Waller, William A Agger
Patients are commonly referred to general surgery clinics for evaluation of soft-tissue masses of the trunk and extremities. The primary goal of surgical referral is to confirm the presence of a mass, to assess the need for additional imaging and/or testing, and to gauge amenability to surgical biopsy, whether incisional or excisional. This is a case of a 67-year-old woman who was referred to surgery clinic for a small soft-tissue mass near her left elbow that had increased in size and pain over the past year...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103812/long-term-results-of-total-elbow-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-hemophilia
#10
Lukas Ernstbrunner, Andreas Hingsammer, Mohamed A Imam, Reto Sutter, Brigit Brand, Dominik C Meyer, Karl Wieser
HYPOTHESIS: It was hypothesized that the long-term survivorship and clinical outcome are reasonable, justifying total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) in patients with end-stage hemophilic arthropathy. METHODS: From 2002 to 2012, 13 primary TEAs (Coonrad-Morrey design) were implanted in 9 consecutive patients with an average age of 55 (range, 39-76) years. Type A hemophilia was diagnosed in 7 patients and type B hemophilia in 2 patients. Clinical and radiographic results of all (11 TEAs) but 1 patient were retrospectively analyzed...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102478/reliability-validity-and-minimal-detectable-change-of-the-push-off-test-scores-in-assessing-upper-extremity-weight-bearing-ability
#11
Saurabh P Mehta, Hannah R George, Christian A Goering, Danielle R Shafer, Alan Koester, Steven Novotny
STUDY DESIGN: Clinical measurement study. INTRODUCTION: The push-off test (POT) was recently conceived and found to be reliable and valid for assessing weight bearing through injured wrist or elbow. However, further research with larger sample can lend credence to the preliminary findings supporting the use of the POT. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: This study examined the interrater reliability, construct validity, and measurement error for the POT in patients with wrist conditions...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100771/clinical-outcomes-of-arthroscopic-360%C3%A2-capsular-release-for-idiopathic-adhesive-capsulitis-in-the-lateral-decubitus-position
#12
Gregory L Cvetanovich, Timothy S Leroux, Eamon D Bernardoni, Jason T Hamamoto, Bryan M Saltzman, Nikhil N Verma, Anthony A Romeo
PURPOSE: To report outcomes after arthroscopic 360° capsular release in the lateral decubitus position for idiopathic glenohumeral adhesive capsulitis without manipulation under anesthesia. METHODS: A retrospective case series of patients who underwent arthroscopic capsular release in the lateral decubitus position for idiopathic adhesive capsulitis with minimum 2-year follow-up was conducted. Patient demographics, preoperative range of motion (ROM), postoperative ROM, and the postoperative outcome scores, visual analog scale for pain, Single Assessment Numeric Evaluation, Simple Shoulder Test, and American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons scores, were recorded...
October 31, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100770/does-increased-body-mass-index-influence-outcomes-after-rotator-cuff-repair
#13
Katie E Kessler, Christopher B Robbins, Asheesh Bedi, James E Carpenter, Joel J Gagnier, Bruce S Miller
PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of pre-existing obesity (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 30) on outcomes after rotator cuff repair surgery. METHODS: We collected data on adult patients who underwent surgical repair for symptomatic full-thickness rotator cuff tears confirmed by imaging between 2012 and 2015. The required follow-up was 3 years. At baseline and 6, 12, 24, and 36 months, the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons score, Western Ontario Rotator Cuff index, and visual analog scale pain scores were collected...
October 31, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100710/functional-outcomes-following-lateral-ulnar-collateral-ligament-reconstruction-for-symptomatic-posterolateral-rotatory-instability-of-the-elbow-in-an-athletic-population
#14
Marina J Rodriguez, Nicholas A Kusnezov, John C Dunn, Brian R Waterman, Kelly G Kilcoyne
HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this investigation was to characterize the functional and surgical outcomes following lateral ulnar collateral ligament (LUCL) reconstruction for posterolateral rotatory instability in an athletic population. METHODS: All US military service members who underwent LUCL reconstruction between 2008 and 2013 were identified. A retrospective chart review was performed, and the prospective Mayo Elbow Performance Score and QuickDASH (short version of Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand questionnaire) score were obtained...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098903/scaphoid-instability-caused-by-a-giant-cell-tumour-of-the-tendon-sheath-a-case-report
#15
Yanjun Wang, Xiaoxiao Zhu, Genwang Pei, Xianshang Zeng, Deng Chen, Yonggang Zuo, Weiguang Yu, Zhe Ge, Xinchao Zhang
Giant-cell tumour of the tendon sheath (GCTTS) is a soft tissue tumour that may invade bone, causing an intrinsic osseous lesion or instability on radiographs. A case with scaphoid instability caused by a histologically-confirmed neighbouring GCTTS has rarely been described in the literature. No definite and radical method is available for the treatment of GCTTS. This report describes an unusual case of a 22-year-old woman who previously experienced a GCTTS in her right elbow, which was removed 10 years earlier...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095655/efficacy-of-a-prevention-program-for-medial-elbow-injuries-in-youth-baseball-players
#16
Jun Sakata, Emi Nakamura, Tatsuhiro Suzuki, Makoto Suzukawa, Atsushi Akaike, Kuniaki Shimizu, Norikazu Hirose
BACKGROUND: Youth baseball players are at high risk for elbow injuries, which can lead to future functional disability. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a prevention program to lower the risk of medial elbow injury in these athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2. METHODS: Youth baseball players, 8 to 11 years old, without a history of elbow and shoulder pain, were allocated to either the intervention (n = 136) or control (n = 169) group...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095397/correlation-of-mri-to-arthroscopy-in-the-elbow-thrower-s-elbow-and-ulnar-collateral-ligament-injury
#17
Michael C Ciccotti, Justin D Stull, Patrick S Buckley, Steven B Cohen
One cannot overstate the importance of a thorough history and physical examination, supplemented with directed imaging, to help pinpoint the exact cause of the athlete's elbow pain. Although plain radiographs should not be overlooked, advanced imaging plays a critical role in diagnosis and management of pathology in the thrower's elbow, including computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and stress ultrasound. By judiciously combining these elements, the clinician can appropriately manage these injuries in order to successfully return the athlete to their preinjury level of play...
December 2017: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090335/the-prevalence-of-musculoskeletal-symptoms-in-the-construction-industry-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Waleed Umer, Maxwell F Antwi-Afari, Heng Li, Grace P Y Szeto, Arnold Y L Wong
PURPOSE: Although individual studies have reported high prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms (MSS) among construction workers, no systematic review has summarized their prevalence rates. Accordingly, this systematic review/meta-analysis aimed to synthesize MSS prevalence in different construction trades, gender and age groups, which may help develop specific ergonomic interventions. METHODS: Nine databases were searched for articles related to the research objective...
October 31, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081707/analysis-of-the-pattern-and-mechanism-of-elbow-injuries-related-to-armbar-type-armlocks-in-jiu-jitsu-fighters
#19
Thiago Bernardo Carvalho DE Almeida, Eiffel Tsuyoshi Dobashi, Alexandre Yukio Nishimi, Eduardo Bernardo DE Almeida, Luciano Pascarelli, Luciano Miller Reis Rodrigues
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze elbow injuries and their probable mechanism in Jiu-Jitsu fighters resulting from the armbar-type armlock. METHODS: We evaluated 5 high-performance Jiu-Jitsu fighters from the Gracie Elite gym who were injured during a tournament. All were healthy males with a mean age of 28.8 years. The right arm was involved in three patients (60%). The athletes were followed for approximately 4.6 months, and pain was present in all cases...
September 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079262/functional-and-radiographic-outcomes-after-arthroscopic-transosseous-suture-repair-of-medium-sized-rotator-cuff-tears
#20
Xiao Ning Liu, Cheol-Jung Yang, Geun Woo Lee, Sang Hyun Kim, Yong-Hyun Yoon, Kyu-Cheol Noh
PURPOSE: To evaluate the functional and anatomical outcomes after arthroscopic transosseous suture (TOS) repair of 2 to 4 cm sized rotator cuff tears and to identify preoperative factors influencing repair failure. METHODS: From May 2013 to August 2014, patients with symptomatic 2 to 4 cm full-thickness tears underwent arthroscopic TOS repair, and those who could be followed up for a minimum of 2 years were included in this retrospective study. Functional and anatomical outcomes were analyzed up to 2 years postoperatively...
October 24, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
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