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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802421/symptomatic-medial-humeral-epicondylar-fracture-non-union-rare-presentation-of-a-relatively-common-injury
#1
Vidisha S Kulkarni, Nitish Arora, Harshit Gehlot, Sagar Saxena, Sunil G Kulkarni, Supreet Bajwa
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic non-union of medial humeral epicondylar fractures is a limited entity. Some studies recommend surgical excision of the fragment, but the results are controversial. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the outcome of open reduction and internal fixation of a medial epicondyle non-union fragment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in all the patients, who were operated in our hospital between the year 2010 and 2015 for symptomatic medial humeral epicondyle non-union...
August 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799984/lidocaine-spray-as-a-local-analgesic-for-intravenous-cannulation-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Joris Datema, Jeroen Veldhuis, Jolita Bekhof
OBJECTIVES: Lidocaine spray is an effective analgesic of mucous membranes. Lidocaine spray is also used during intravenous (i.v.) cannulation, especially in children. However, the analgesic effect of lidocaine spray during i.v. cannulation has not been studied. We aimed to assess the analgesic effectiveness of lidocaine spray during i.v. cannulation. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial in seventeen healthy adults who received an i...
August 10, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795210/-arthrodesis-of-the-trapeziometacarpal-joint
#3
REVIEW
T Pillukat, M Mühldorfer-Fodor, R Fuhrmann, J Windolf, J van Schoonhoven
OBJECTIVE: Bony fusion of the trapeziometacarpal joint. INDICATIONS: High demands concerning stability and strength of the thumb in primary or secondary osteoarthritis (e.g., posttraumatic osteoarthritis following injuries to the carpometacarpal joint of the thumb); instability in the absence of osteoarthritis due to malformations, ligamentous laxicity, and joint hypermobility; malformations; improvement of hand function in neurological disorders; salvage procedure after carpometacarpal arthroplasty provided bone stock is sufficient...
August 9, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789976/percutaneous-ultrasonic-tenotomy-for-refractory-common-extensor-tendinopathy-following-failed-open-surgical-release-a-report-of-two-cases
#4
Reed C Williams, Adam M Pourcho
Common extensor tendinopathy (CET) is a common painful overuse and degenerative condition of the lateral elbow, affecting an estimated 2 million patients per year. Although many cases resolve with conservative treatment, recalcitrant cases may progress to open surgical intervention. For patients who fail to improve with surgical management, treatment options are extremely limited. In this manuscript, we present two cases of recalcitrant surgically treated CET successfully treated with sonographically guided percutaneous ultrasonic tenotomy (UT) with 1 year follow-up...
August 5, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782697/the-role-of-brachioradialis-release-during-ao-type-c-distal-radius-fracture-fixation
#5
Tao Ma, Xin Zheng, Xiao-Bo He, Kai-Jin Guo
INTRODUCTION: Open reduction and internal fixation of distal radius fractures often necessitates release of the brachioradialis from the radial styloid. However, whether this common procedure makes the reduction and fixation easier and affects the elbow function has not been fully understood. HYPOTHESIS: Brachioradialis (BR) release during volar plate fixation for type C distal radius fractures makes internal reduction and fixation easier, and it does not adversely affect wrist or elbow function...
August 3, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779847/efficacy-of-intralesional-sodium-thiosulfate-injections-for-disabling-tumoral-calcinosis-two-cases
#6
J Goossens, M Courbebaisse, E Caudron, C Bahans, V Vacquerie, J Melchior, P Vergne Salle, C Moesch, M Daudon, V Frocht, P Richette, Hang-Korng Ea, V Guigonis
INTRODUCTION: Tumoral calcinosis (TC) is a difficult-to-treat complication that can occur during several diseases such as dermatomyositis or genetic hyperphosphatemia. It is a painful and disabling condition that can lead to local complications including joint mobility reduction, cutaneous ulceration and superinfection. For the largest lesions, the treatment relies essentially on surgery. Intravenous sodium thiosulfate (STS) is efficient to treat calciphylaxis in patients undergoing hemodialysis...
June 17, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776630/metal-allergy-as-a-cause-of-implant-failure-in-shoulder-arthroplasty
#7
Jia-Wei Kevin Ko, Thema A Nicholson, C Edward Hoffler, Gerald Williams, Charles Getz
Metal allergy is an uncommon and poorly understood cause of failure of orthopedic implants. To the authors' knowledge, there have been no reports of the management of shoulder arthroplasty patients with metal allergy. The authors present their experience with the diagnosis and management of patients with metal allergy. Patients with metal allergy undergoing shoulder arthroplasty were identified through retrospective chart review from January 1, 2012, to January 31, 2015. Case characteristics collected included patient risk factors (age, sex, prior cutaneous reactions to metal), metal allergy factors (type of metal allergy, method of diagnosis), and surgery factors (implant type, primary/revision, type of shoulder arthroplasty)...
August 3, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770509/it-s-time-to-change-perspective-new-diagnostic-tools-for-lateral-elbow-pain
#8
P Arrigoni, D Cucchi, A Menon, P Randelli
PURPOSE: The presence of intra-articular findings that may complement the extra-articular pathology in lateral epicondilytis has been suggested, and a role for minor instability of the elbow as part of the causative process of this disease has been postulated. This study was designed to describe two new clinical tests, aimed at detecting intra-articular pathology in patients affected by recalcitrant lateral epicondylitis and investigate their diagnostic performance. METHODS: Ten patients suffering of atraumatic lateral elbow pain unresponsive to conservative treatment were considered in this study...
August 2, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764255/atraumatic-acute-compartment-syndrome-of-forearm-following-artificial-mehndi-henna-dermatitis-a-rare-case-report
#9
Abhinav Sinha, Lakshay Goel, Rahul Ranjan, Sahil Gaba, Arvind Kumar
Atraumatic compartment syndrome of the forearm is a rare entity. There are several papers available in the literature on the adverse effects of mehndi application; however Acute Compartment Syndrome (ACS) following mehndi application has never been reported. We present the case of a 25-year-old female, who presented with sudden onset swelling and pain in the left forearm. The patient had applied mehndi all over her left palm and forearm just two days prior to presentation. The patient had stretch pain and other clinical features suggestive of compartment syndrome of forearm and was hence taken up for an emergency fasciotomy...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758087/severe-ulnar-nerve-injury-after-bee-venom-acupuncture-at-a-traditional-korean-medicine-clinic-a-case-report
#10
Joon Sang Park, Yoon Ghil Park, Chul Hoon Jang, Yoo Na Cho, Jung Hyun Park
This case report describes a severe nerve injury to the right ulnar nerve, caused by bee venom acupuncture. A 52-year-old right-handed man received bee venom acupuncture on the medial side of his right elbow and forearm, at a Traditional Korean Medicine (TKM) clinic. Immediately after acupuncture, the patient experienced pain and swelling on the right elbow. There was further development of weakness of the right little finger, and sensory changes on the ulnar dermatome of the right hand. The patient visited our clinic 7 days after acupuncture...
June 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758043/multiple-acrometastases-in-a-patient-with-renal-pelvic-urothelial-cancer
#11
Ryoko Sawada, Yusuke Shinoda, Aya Niimi, Tohru Nakagawa, Masachika Ikegami, Hiroshi Kobayashi, Sakae Tanaka, Yukio Homma, Nobuhiko Haga
Metastasis may occur in any bone but more commonly occurs in the spine, pelvis, or other axial bones. Metastasis in peripheral bones located distal to the elbow or knee, so-called acrometastasis, is rare. Although the mechanism of acrometastasis development is not completely understood, it is thought to be the result of a massive dissemination of cancer cells; thus the prognosis of patients with acrometastasis is relatively poor. Here, we report the case of renal pelvic cancer with multiple acrometastases in both the upper and lower extremities without axial bone metastasis in a 68-year-old man...
2017: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753234/manipulative-interventions-for-reducing-pulled-elbow-in-young-children
#12
REVIEW
Marjolein Krul, Johannes C van der Wouden, Emma J Kruithof, Lisette Wa van Suijlekom-Smit, Bart W Koes
BACKGROUND: Pulled elbow (nursemaid's elbow) is a common injury in young children. It often results from a sudden pull on the arm, usually by an adult or taller person, which pulls the radius through the annular ligament, resulting in subluxation (partial dislocation) of the radial head. It can also be caused by a fall or twist. The child experiences sudden acute pain and loss of function in the affected arm. Pulled elbow is usually treated by manual reduction of the subluxed radial head...
July 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751094/revision-of-failed-shoulder-hemiarthroplasty-to-reverse-total-arthroplasty-analysis-of-157-revision-implants
#13
Giovanni Merolla, Eric Wagner, John W Sperling, Paolo Paladini, Elisabetta Fabbri, Giuseppe Porcellini
BACKGROUND: There remains a paucity of studies examining the conversion of failed hemiarthroplasty (HA) to reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA). Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine a large series of revision HA to RTSA. METHODS: A population of 157 patients who underwent conversion of a failed HA to a revision RTSA from 2006 through 2014 were included. The mean follow-up was 49 months (range, 24-121 months). The indications for revision surgery included instability with rotator cuff insufficiency (n = 127) and glenoid wear (n = 30); instability and glenoid wear were associated in 38 cases...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750971/the-influence-of-physical-fitness-on-pressure-pain-threshold-of-elderly-women
#14
Fábio Marcon Alfieri, Alessandra Rodrigues de Souto Lima, Natália Cristina de Oliveira, Leslie Andrews Portes
Several factors may influence pressure pain threshold (PPT), including physical fitness. However, only a few authors have studied this relationship. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between muscle strength, functional capacity (ability to perform physical work and activities of daily living) and PPT in elderly women. This observational cross-sectional study involved 75 healthy women aged between 60 and 75 years. Volunteers underwent an evaluation consisting of anthropometry, functional capacity, muscle strength and PPT assessment by algometry in the following muscles: biceps brachii, flexor carpi ulnaris, flexor carpi radialis, vastus medialis, vastus lateralis and gluteus maximus...
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750790/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-mesotherapy-in-the-management-of-osteoarthritis-related-pain-in-a-police-working-dog-using-the-canine-brief-pain-inventory
#15
REVIEW
João Carlos Alves, Ana Margarida Santos
CASE DESCRIPTON: A 9-year-old, 33.4kg (73.63Lb) male entire drug detection Labrador Retriever Dog was presented with an history of constant lameness from the right thoracic limb, aggravated with exercise and work. CLINICAL FIDINGS: Clinical examination revealed mild signs of pain on the manipulation of the elbow joint, with reduced range of motion on the end feel of joint flexion and extension and crepitation. Radiographic examination of the right elbow joint revealed severe, chronic osteoarthritis, with osteophyte formation on the humeral epicondyles and articular margin of the distomedial humerus, with a narrowed joint space, and osteophytes on the proximal radius, proximomedial ulna, and anconeal process...
March 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745249/-a-hardening-in-the-forearm-after-an-olecranon-fracture
#16
C M M Peeters, J C Sluimer, T Gosens
A 77-year-old male who had had an olecranon fracture 15 years ago presented himself with mild pain of the right elbow. Physical examination revealed painless hardening of the finger and wrist flexors in an area of 10 cm from the origin. Conventional radiographs showed a mature myositis ossificans.
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740325/low-level-laser-therapy-in-patients-with-chronic-foot-and-ankle-joint-pain
#17
Hideaki Izukura, Midori Miyagi, Takashi Harada, Toshio Ohshiro, Satoru Ebihara
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chronic foot and ankle joint pain is one of the most frequent complaints which is regularly seen in the out-patient clinic of our medical institute. In previous studies we have reported on the benefits of low level laser therapy (LLLT) for chronic pain in the elbow, hand, finger and the lower back. The present study examined the effects of LLLT on chronic foot and ankle joint pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over the past 5 years, 17 subjects visited the out-patient clinic with complaints of chronic foot and ankle joint pain of a variety of aetiologies...
March 31, 2017: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739020/a-multimodal-approach-for-myofascial-pain-syndrome-a-prospective-study
#18
María Segura-Pérez, M Teresa Hernández-Criado, César Calvo-Lobo, Lorena Vega-Piris, Raquel Fernández-Martín, David Rodríguez-Sanz
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze pain intensity in patients with myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) following a multimodal rehabilitation protocol. METHODS: A prospective study was carried out following the Template for Intervention Description and Replication criteria. Patients were recruited from the rehabilitation unit of a university hospital in Spain between 2009 and 2013. Patients were included if they had a medical diagnosis of MPS in any of the following regions: cervicobrachial (n = 102), lumbosacral (n = 30), elbow (n = 14), ankle and foot (n = 10), and temporomandibular jaw (n = 1)...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735848/the-outcomes-and-affecting-factors-after-arthroscopic-isolated-subscapularis-tendon-repair
#19
Yong Girl Rhee, Yeong Seok Lee, Yong Bok Park, Jung Youn Kim, Kwang Joon Han, Jae Chul Yoo
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated clinical outcomes for isolated subscapularis tendon tears treated by arthroscopic repair, the factors affecting clinical outcomes, and changes in tendon structural integrity using magnetic resonance imaging. METHODS: Between 2005 and 2013, 45 patients with isolated subscapularis tendon tears were enrolled from two institutions. Clinical outcomes were assessed using the pain visual analog scale, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons, and Simple Shoulder Test scores...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735841/the-perioperative-effects-of-chronic-preoperative-opioid-use-on-shoulder-arthroplasty-outcomes
#20
Jonathan W Cheah, David C Sing, Dell McLaughlin, Brian T Feeley, C Benjamin Ma, Alan L Zhang
HYPOTHESIS AND BACKGROUND: Chronic opioid therapy is an increasingly used modality for the treatment of osteoarthritis-associated pain. We hypothesized that chronic opioid use would be associated with adverse outcomes in shoulder arthroplasty. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients undergoing elective anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA) at a single institution from 2012-2015 was performed. Patients were stratified by preoperative opioid use (nonusers, short-acting opioid users, and long-acting opioid users), and their postoperative clinical outcomes were assessed...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
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