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critical care systematic reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647137/apneic-oxygenation-reduces-the-incidence-of-hypoxemia-during-emergency-intubation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Ivan Pavlov, Sofia Medrano, Scott Weingart
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Apneic oxygenation has been advocated for the prevention of hypoxemia during emergency endotracheal intubation. Because of conflicting results from recent trials, the efficacy of apneic oxygenation remains unclear. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the effect of apneic oxygenation on the incidence of clinically significant hypoxemia during emergency endotracheal intubation. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PubMed databases were searched without language and time restrictions for studies of apneic oxygenation performed in a critical care setting...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646925/stress-ulcer-prophylaxis-versus-placebo-or-no-prophylaxis-in-adult-hospitalised-acutely-ill-patients-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-and-trial-sequential-analysis
#2
Søren Marker, Anders Perner, Jørn Wetterslev, Marija Barbateskovic, Janus Christian Jakobsen, Mette Krag, Anders Granholm, Carl Thomas Anthon, Morten Hylander Møller
BACKGROUND: Stress ulcer prophylaxis is considered standard of care in many critically ill patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). However, the quality of evidence supporting this has recently been questioned, and clinical equipoise exists. Whether there is overall benefit or harm of stress ulcer prophylaxis in adult hospitalised acutely ill patients is unknown. Accordingly, we aim to assess patient-important benefits and harms of stress ulcer prophylaxis versus placebo or no treatment in adult hospitalised acutely ill patients with high risk of gastrointestinal bleeding irrespective of hospital setting...
June 24, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645891/health-app-use-among-individuals-with-symptoms-of-depression-and-anxiety-a-survey-study-with-thematic-coding
#3
Caryn Kseniya Rubanovich, David C Mohr, Stephen M Schueller
BACKGROUND: Researchers have largely turned to commercial app stores, randomized trials, and systematic reviews to make sense of the mHealth landscape. Few studies have approached understanding by collecting information from target end users. The end user perspective is critical as end user interest in and use of mHealth technologies will ultimately drive the efficacy of these tools. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to obtain information from end users of mHealth technologies to better understand the physical and mental health apps people use and for what purposes...
June 23, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644698/sleep-disturbance-after-hospitalization-and-critical-illness-a-systematic-review
#4
Marcus T Altman, Melissa P Knauert, Margaret A Pisani
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance during intensive care unit (ICU) admission is common and severe. Sleep disturbance has been observed in survivors of critical illness even after transfer out of the ICU. Not only is sleep important to overall health and well-being, but patients after critical illness are also in a physiologically vulnerable state. Understanding how sleep disturbance impacts recovery from critical illness after hospital discharge is therefore clinically meaningful. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to summarize studies that identify the prevalence of and risk factors for sleep disturbance after hospital discharge for critical illness survivors...
June 23, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641999/effect-of-pharmacist-care-on-medication-adherence-and-cardiovascular-outcomes-among-patients-post-acute-coronary-syndrome-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Maguy Saffouh El Hajj, Myriam Jihad Jaam, Ahmed Awaisu
BACKGROUND: The impact of collaborative and multidisciplinary health care on the outcomes of care in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) is well-established in the literature. However, there is lack of high quality evidence on the role of pharmacist care in this setting. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to evaluate the impact of pharmacist care on patient outcomes (readmission, mortality, emergency visits, and medication adherence) in patients with ACS at or post-discharge...
June 13, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640822/effective-treatment-options-for-musculoskeletal-pain-in-primary-care-a-systematic-overview-of-current-evidence
#6
Opeyemi O Babatunde, Joanne L Jordan, Danielle A Van der Windt, Jonathan C Hill, Nadine E Foster, Joanne Protheroe
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Musculoskeletal pain, the most common cause of disability globally, is most frequently managed in primary care. People with musculoskeletal pain in different body regions share similar characteristics, prognosis, and may respond to similar treatments. This overview aims to summarise current best evidence on currently available treatment options for the five most common musculoskeletal pain presentations (back, neck, shoulder, knee and multi-site pain) in primary care...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639384/nurses-attitudes-towards-older-people-care-an-integrative-review
#7
REVIEW
Kathy L Rush, Stormee Hickey, Sheila Epp, Robert Janke
AIMS/OBJECTIVES: To examine hospital nurses' attitudes towards caring for older adults and delineate associated factors contributing to their attitudes. BACKGROUND: Population aging is of international significance. A nursing workforce able to care for the ageing population is critical for ensuring quality older adult care. A synthesis of research related to nurses' attitudes towards older adult care is important for informing care quality and the nursing workforce issues...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637733/integration-of-sexually-transmitted-infection-sti-services-into-hiv-care-and-treatment-services-for-women-living-with-hiv-a-systematic-review
#8
Caitlin E Kennedy, Sabina A Haberlen, Manjulaa Narasimhan
OBJECTIVE: To review and critically appraise the existing evidence on integration of sexually transmitted infection (STI) services into HIV care and treatment services for women living with HIV. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: Four electronic databases were searched through 16February 2017 using keywords for HIV, STIs and integration. Reference lists of included articles and other reviews were also screened. REVIEW METHODS: We included studies that compared women living with HIV who received STI services integrated into HIV care and treatment services with those who received HIV care and treatment services without integrated STI services or standard of care...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636108/understanding-the-influences-and-impact-of-patient-clinician-communication-in-cancer-care
#9
Jennifer Elston Lafata, Laura A Shay, Jodi M Winship
BACKGROUND: Patient-clinician communication is thought to be central to care outcomes, but when and how communication affects patient outcomes is not well understood. OBJECTIVE: We propose a conceptual model and classification framework upon which the empirical evidence base for the impact of patient-clinician communication can be summarized and further built. DESIGN: We use the proposed model and framework to summarize findings from two recent systematic reviews, one evaluating the use of shared decision making (SDM) on cancer care outcomes and the other evaluating the role of physician recommendation in cancer screening use...
June 21, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635354/the-effects-of-food-on-opioid-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-and-pharmacological-parameters-a-systematic-review
#10
Robert B Raffa, Robert Colucci, Joseph V Pergolizzi
Opioids remain the standard of care for treating moderate to severe pain resulting from surgery or injury in cases of acute pain, and are recommended for patients who have not responded to nonopioid analgesics. Effective management of pain has an impact on clinical course and often depends on achieving an acceptable balance between opioid efficacy, safety, and tolerability. Common opioid-related adverse events such as nausea and vomiting are associated with an overall lower achievement of effective pain management and patient satisfaction...
June 21, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631532/measuring-sleep-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-critical-appraisal-of-the-use-of-subjective-methods
#11
Emma L Jeffs, Julie L Darbyshire
OBJECTIVES: To collate and appraise the use of subjective measures to assess sleep in the intensive care unit (ICU). DESIGN: A systematic search and critical review of the published literature. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Scopus, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature were searched using combinations of the key words "Sleep," "Critical Care," "Intensive Care," and "Sleep Disorders," and this was complemented by hand searching the most recent systematic reviews on related topics...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628524/experiences-of-non-specialist-nurses-caring-for-patients-and-their-significant-others-undergoing-transitions-during-palliative-end-of-life-cancer-care-a-systematic-review
#12
Hrønn Thorn, Lisbeth Uhrenfeldt
BACKGROUND: Non-specialist nurses, who are providing palliative end-of-life cancer care to patients and significant others undergoing psychosocial and existential transitions, may experience dissatisfaction, frustration and sorrow. On the other hand, they may also experience happiness, increased knowledge and personal growth. OBJECTIVE/QUESTION: What are non-specialist nurses' experiences when providing palliative end-of-life cancer care that involves the psychosocial and existential transitions of their patients and significant others? INCLUSION CRITERIA TYPES OF PARTICIPANTS: The current review considered studies that included a description of the experiences of non-specialist trained registered nurses (RNs) working in non-specialist wards...
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628522/patient-experiences-of-partnering-with-healthcare-professionals-for-hand-hygiene-compliance-a-systematic-review
#13
Samantha Butenko, Craig Lockwood, Alexa McArthur
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections pose a significant risk to patients in acute healthcare settings such as hospitals. Increasingly, patients are encouraged to be active participants and partner with healthcare professionals to positively influence their own safety and overall experience throughout their healthcare journey. Patient-focused safety initiatives include the empowerment of patients to be active partners with healthcare professionals in order to influence the hand hygiene behaviors and compliance of the healthcare professionals providing care to them...
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628520/effectiveness-of-teaching-strategies-to-improve-critical-thinking-in-nurses-in-clinical-practice-a-systematic-review-protocol
#14
Fábio da Costa Carbogim, Larissa Bertacchini de Oliveira, Guilherme Gushiken de Campos, Esther Alves de Araújo Nunes, Katiusse Rezende Alves, Vilanice Alves de Araújo Püschel
The aim of this review is to identify and synthesize the best available evidence on the effectiveness of teaching strategies aimed at improving critical thinking (CT) in registered nurses who provide direct patient care. Specifically, the research question is: What are the best teaching strategies to improve CT skills in registered nurses who provide direct patient care?
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621549/age-appropriate-services-for-people-diagnosed-with-young-onset-dementia-yod-a-systematic-review
#15
Andrea Mayrhofer, Elspeth Mathie, Jane McKeown, Frances Bunn, Claire Goodman
BACKGROUND: Literature agrees that post-diagnostic services for people living with young onset dementia (YOD) need to be age-appropriate, but there is insufficient evidence of 'what works' to inform service design and delivery. OBJECTIVE: To provide an evidence base of age-appropriate services and to review the perceived effectiveness of current interventions. METHODS: We undertook a systematic review including all types of research relating to interventions for YOD...
June 16, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619390/the-effect-of-massage-on-acute-postoperative-pain-in-critically-and-acutely-ill-adults-post-thoracic-surgery-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#16
REVIEW
Madalina Boitor, Céline Gélinas, Melissa Richard-Lalonde, Brett D Thombs
Critical care practice guidelines identify a lack of clear evidence on the effectiveness of massage for pain control. To assess the effect of massage on acute pain in critically and acutely ill adults post-thoracic surgery. Medline, Embase, CINAHL, PsychInfo, Web of Science, Scopus and Cochrane Library databases were searched. Eligible studies were randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the effect of massage compared to attention control/sham massage or standard care alone on acute pain intensity post-thoracic surgery...
June 12, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617980/instruments-to-assess-self-care-among-healthy-children-a-systematic-review-of-measurement-properties
#17
REVIEW
Ana-María Urpí-Fernández, Edurne Zabaleta-Del-Olmo, Javier Montes-Hidalgo, Joaquín Tomás-Sábado, Juan-Francisco Roldán-Merino, María-Teresa Lluch-Canut
AIM: To identify, critically appraise and summarise the measurement properties of instruments to assess self-care in healthy children. BACKGROUND: Assessing self-care is a proper consideration for nursing practice and nursing research. No systematic review summarises instruments of measurement validated in healthy children. DESIGN: Psychometric review in accordance with the COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments (COSMIN) panel...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614762/intra-abdominal-hypertension-and-abdominal-compartment-syndrome-in-pediatrics-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Farah Chedly Thabet, Janeth Chiaka Ejike
PURPOSE: To consolidate pediatric intensivists' understanding of the pathophysiology, definition, incidence, monitoring, and management of intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS); and to highlight the characteristics related to the pediatric population. METHODS: This is a narrative review article that utilized a systematic search of the medical literature published in the English language between January 1990 and august 2016. Studies were identified by conducting a comprehensive search of Pub Med databases...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611710/promising-links-between-meditation-and-reduced-brain-aging-an-attempt-to-bridge-some-gaps-between-the-alleged-fountain-of-youth-and-the-youth-of-the-field
#19
REVIEW
Florian Kurth, Nicolas Cherbuin, Eileen Luders
Over the last decade, an increasing number of studies has reported a positive impact of meditation on cerebral aging. However, the underlying mechanisms for these seemingly brain-protecting effects are not well-understood. This may be due to the fact, at least partly, that systematic empirical meditation research has emerged only recently as a field of scientific scrutiny. Thus, on the one hand, critical questions remain largely unanswered; and on the other hand, outcomes of existing research require better integration to build a more comprehensive and holistic picture...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600379/practice-patterns-and-outcomes-associated-with-early-sedation-depth-in-mechanically-ventilated-patients-a-systematic-review-protocol
#20
Robert J Stephens, Matthew R Dettmer, Brian W Roberts, Susan A Fowler, Brian M Fuller
INTRODUCTION: Mechanical ventilation is a commonly performed intervention in critically ill patients. Frequently, these patients experience deep sedation early in their clinical course. Emerging data suggest that the practice of early deep sedation may negatively impact patient outcomes. The purpose of this review is to assess the world's literature to describe and determine the impact of early deep sedation on the outcomes of mechanically ventilated patients. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Randomised controlled trials and non-randomised studies will be eligible for inclusion in this systematic review...
June 9, 2017: BMJ Open
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