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critical care systematic reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903667/experiences-of-noninvasive-ventilation-in-adults-with-hypercapnic-respiratory-failure-a-review-of-evidence
#1
REVIEW
Hamadziripi Ngandu, Nichola Gale, Jane B Hopkinson
Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has been shown to be beneficial for patients with respiratory failure; however, many patients fail to tolerate it and require other interventions. The objective of this thematic synthesis was to describe the nature of NIV experiences in adults with hypercapnic respiratory failure. A systematic, computerised literature search of English-language databases was undertaken with no restriction on date of publication. A total of 99 papers was identified and screened for eligibility from databases including CINAHL, Medline and PsycINFO, and some were hand searched...
December 2016: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900749/-efficacy-of-ultrasound-guided-peripheral-intravenous-access-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Chia-Chi Kuo, Chen-Yun Wu, I-Jung Feng, Wei-Jing Lee
BACKGROUND: Peripheral intravenous access is a common, invasive procedure that is performed in clinical practice. Difficult intravenous access may not only jeopardize patient safety but also increase staff stress, nursing hours, and material costs. PURPOSE: To explore the efficacy of ultrasound-guided peripheral intravenous access in difficult intravenous-access patients and in the two subgroups of adult patients and pediatric patients using systematic review and meta-analysis...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895065/social-determinants-and-maternal-exposure-to-intimate-partner-violence-of-obstetric-patients-with-severe-maternal-morbidity-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-systematic-review-protocol
#3
Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla, Angela Taft, Susan McDonald, Wendy Pollock, Joel Christian Roque Henriquez
INTRODUCTION: Maternal mortality is a potentially preventable public health issue. Maternal morbidity is increasingly of interest to aid the reduction of maternal mortality. Obstetric patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) are an important part of the global burden of maternal morbidity. Social determinants influence health outcomes of pregnant women. Additionally, intimate partner violence has a great negative impact on women's health and pregnancy outcome. However, little is known about the contextual and social aspects of obstetric patients treated in the ICU...
November 28, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891297/exercise-rehabilitation-following-intensive-care-unit-discharge-for-recovery-from-critical-illness-executive-summary-of-a-cochrane-collaboration-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Bronwen Connolly, Lisa Salisbury, Brenda O'Neill, Louise Geneen, Abdel Douiri, Michael P W Grocott, Nicholas Hart, Timothy S Walsh, Bronagh Blackwood
Skeletal muscle wasting and weakness are major complications of critical illness and underlie the profound physical and functional impairments experienced by survivors after discharge from the intensive care unit (ICU). Exercise-based rehabilitation has been shown to be beneficial when delivered during ICU admission. This review aimed to determine the effectiveness of exercise rehabilitation initiated after ICU discharge on primary outcomes of functional exercise capacity and health-related quality of life...
December 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891229/nicotine-replacement-therapy-for-agitation-and-delirium-management-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#5
Melanie Kowalski, Andrew A Udy, Hayden J McRobbie, Michael J Dooley
BACKGROUND: Active smokers are prevalent within the intensive care setting and place a significant burden on healthcare systems. Nicotine withdrawal due to forced abstinence on admission may contribute to increased agitation and delirium in this patient group. The aim of this systematic review was to determine whether management of nicotine withdrawal, with nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), reduces agitation and delirium in critically ill patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU)...
2016: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883968/vitamin-d-and-outcomes-in-adult-critically-ill-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#6
REVIEW
Alessandro Putzu, Alessandro Belletti, Tiziano Cassina, Sara Clivio, Giacomo Monti, Alberto Zangrillo, Giovanni Landoni
PURPOSE: Low vitamin D blood levels are associated with high mortality in critically ill patients. There is controversy about vitamin D supplementation in this population. The objective of this meta-analysis was to evaluate if vitamin D administration reduces mortality in critically ill patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Online databases were searched up to September 1(st), 2016 for randomized placebo-controlled trials on the use of vitamin D in adult patients with critical illness...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881152/fitness-and-mobility-training-in-patients-with-intensive-care-unit-acquired-muscle-weakness-fitonicu-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Jan Mehrholz, Simone Thomas, Jane H Burridge, André Schmidt, Bettina Scheffler, Ralph Schellin, Stefan Rückriem, Daniel Meißner, Katja Mehrholz, Wolfgang Sauter, Ulf Bodechtel, Bernhard Elsner
BACKGROUND: Critical illness myopathy (CIM) and polyneuropathy (CIP) are a common complication of critical illness. Both cause intensive-care-unit-acquired (ICU-acquired) muscle weakness (ICUAW) which increases morbidity and delays rehabilitation and recovery of activities of daily living such as walking ability. Focused physical rehabilitation of people with ICUAW is, therefore, of great importance at both an individual and a societal level. A recent systematic Cochrane review found no randomised controlled trials (RCT), and thus no supporting evidence, for physical rehabilitation interventions for people with defined CIP and CIM to improve activities of daily living...
November 24, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878815/interventions-to-reduce-cognitive-impairments-following-critical-illness-a-topical-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
H K Nedergaard, H I Jensen, P Toft
BACKGROUND: Critical illness is associated with cognitive impairments. Effective treatment or prevention has not been established. The aim of this review was to create a systematic summary of the current evidence concerning clinical interventions during intensive care admission to reduce cognitive impairments after discharge. METHODS: Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central, PsycInfo and Cinahl were searched. Inclusion criteria were studies assessing the effect of interventions during intensive care admission on cognitive function in adult patients...
November 22, 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876082/evaluating-data-abstraction-assistant-a-novel-software-application-for-data-abstraction-during-systematic-reviews-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Ian J Saldanha, Christopher H Schmid, Joseph Lau, Kay Dickersin, Jesse A Berlin, Jens Jap, Bryant T Smith, Simona Carini, Wiley Chan, Berry De Bruijn, Byron C Wallace, Susan M Hutfless, Ida Sim, M Hassan Murad, Sandra A Walsh, Elizabeth J Whamond, Tianjing Li
BACKGROUND: Data abstraction, a critical systematic review step, is time-consuming and prone to errors. Current standards for approaches to data abstraction rest on a weak evidence base. We developed the Data Abstraction Assistant (DAA), a novel software application designed to facilitate the abstraction process by allowing users to (1) view study article PDFs juxtaposed to electronic data abstraction forms linked to a data abstraction system, (2) highlight (or "pin") the location of the text in the PDF, and (3) copy relevant text from the PDF into the form...
November 22, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876075/chlorhexidine-bathing-and-health-care-associated-infections-among-adult-intensive-care-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Steven A Frost, Mari-Cris Alogso, Lauren Metcalfe, Joan M Lynch, Leanne Hunt, Ritesh Sanghavi, Evan Alexandrou, Kenneth M Hillman
BACKGROUND: Health care-associated infections (HAI) have been shown to increase length of stay, the cost of care, and rates of hospital deaths (Kaye and Marchaim, J Am Geriatr Soc 62(2):306-11, 2014; Roberts and Scott, Med Care 48(11):1026-35, 2010; Warren and Quadir, Crit Care Med 34(8):2084-9, 2006; Zimlichman and Henderson, JAMA Intern Med 173(22):2039-46, 2013). Importantly, infections acquired during a hospital stay have been shown to be preventable (Loveday and Wilson, J Hosp Infect 86:S1-70, 2014)...
November 23, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874980/nurses-shift-reports-a-systematic-literature-search-and-critical-review-of-qualitative-field-studies
#11
REVIEW
Niels Buus, Bente Hoeck, Bridget Elizabeth Hamilton
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim was to identify reporting practices that feature in studies of nurses' shift reports across diverse nursing specialities. The objectives were to perform an exhaustive systematic literature search and to critically review the quality and findings of qualitative field studies of nurses' shift reports. BACKGROUND: Nurses' shift reports are routine occurrences in healthcare organisations that are viewed as crucial for patient outcomes, patient safety and continuity of care...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873009/systematic-review-and-need-assessment-of-pediatric-trauma-outcome-benchmarking-tools-for-low-resource-settings
#12
REVIEW
Etienne St-Louis, Jade Séguin, Daniel Roizblatt, Dan Leon Deckelbaum, Robert Baird, Tarek Razek
INTRODUCTION: Trauma is a leading cause of mortality and disability in children worldwide. The World Health Organization reports that 95% of all childhood injury deaths occur in Low-Middle-Income Countries (LMIC). Injury scores have been developed to facilitate risk stratification, clinical decision making, and research. Trauma registries in LMIC depend on adapted trauma scores that do not rely on investigations that require unavailable material or human resources. We sought to review and assess the existing trauma scores used in pediatric patients...
November 21, 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872033/a-review-of-visual-representations-of-physiologic-data
#13
REVIEW
Rishikesan Kamaleswaran, Carolyn McGregor
BACKGROUND: Physiological data is derived from electrodes attached directly to patients. Modern patient monitors are capable of sampling data at frequencies in the range of several million bits every hour. Hence the potential for cognitive threat arising from information overload and diminished situational awareness becomes increasingly relevant. A systematic review was conducted to identify novel visual representations of physiologic data that address cognitive, analytic, and monitoring requirements in critical care environments...
November 21, 2016: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871314/a-mixed-methods-systematic-review-protocol-to-examine-the-use-of-physical-restraint-with-critically-ill-adults-and-strategies-for-minimizing-their-use
#14
Louise Rose, Craig Dale, Orla M Smith, Lisa Burry, Glenn Enright, Dean Fergusson, Samir Sinha, Lesley Wiesenfeld, Tasnim Sinuff, Sangeeta Mehta
BACKGROUND: Critically ill patients frequently experience severe agitation placing them at risk of harm. Physical restraint is common in intensive care units (ICUs) for clinician concerns about safety. However, physical restraint may not prevent medical device removal and has been associated with negative physical and psychological consequences. While professional society guidelines, legislation, and accreditation standards recommend physical restraint minimization, guidelines for critically ill patients are over a decade old, with recommendations that are non-specific...
November 21, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866110/dysbiosis-in-the-intensive-care-unit-microbiome-science-coming-to-the-bedside
#15
REVIEW
Georgios D Kitsios, Michael J Morowitz, Robert P Dickson, Gary B Huffnagle, Bryan J McVerry, Alison Morris
Complex microbial communities within the human body, constituting the microbiome, have a broad impact on human health and disease. A growing body of research now examines the role of the microbiome in patients with critical illness, such as sepsis and acute respiratory failure. In this article, we provide an introduction to microbiome concepts and terminology and we systematically review the current evidence base of the critical-illness microbiome, including 51 studies in animal models and pediatric and adult critically ill patients...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865899/a-systematic-review-finds-limited-data-on-measurement-properties-of-instruments-measuring-outcomes-in-adult-intensive-care-unit-survivors
#16
Karen A Robinson, Wesley E Davis, Victor D Dinglas, Pedro A Mendez-Tellez, Anahita Rabiee, Vineeth Sukrithan, Ramakrishna Yalamanchilli, Alison E Turnbull, Dale M Needham
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: There is a growing number of studies evaluating the physical, cognitive, mental health and health-related quality of life (QOL) outcomes of adults surviving critical illness. However, there is little consensus on the most appropriate instruments to measure these outcomes. To inform the development of such consensus, we conducted a systematic review of the performance characteristics of instruments measuring physical, cognitive, mental health and HRQOL outcomes in adult intensive care unit (ICU) survivors...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865254/a-systematic-literature-review-comparing-the-psychological-care-needs-of-patients-with-mesothelioma-and-advanced-lung-cancer
#17
REVIEW
Hannah Ball, Sally Moore, Alison Leary
PURPOSE: Psychological distress which adversely affects a person's experience of cancer has been shown to be highly prevalent in patients with mesothelioma. Historically, the assumption has been made that the evidence guiding the supportive care needs for lung cancer is relevant to those with mesothelioma. The objective of the study was to evaluate if the psychological care needs differ between patients with pleural mesothelioma and those with advanced lung cancer. METHODS: A search of MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycARTICLES, Psychology and Behavioural Sciences Collection, PsycINFO databases, grey literature and the Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews identified 17 studies meeting a predefined inclusion criteria...
December 2016: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865088/clinical-competence-in-nursing-a-concept-analysis
#18
Ippolito Notarnicola, Cristina Petrucci, Maria Rosimar De Jesus Barbosa, Fabio Giorgi, Alessandro Stievano, Loreto Lancia
INTRODUCTION: In nursing, clinical competence is a central issue for patient care and a clear understanding of the concept is critical for nursing education and nursing discipline. AIM: To perform an analysis of the concept of 'clinical competence' in nursing to better understand its meaning. METHOD: The Walker and Avant's concept analysis model was used. A systematic literature review on international databases (PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus, Cochrane, Ovid, Open Grey) from 1993 to 2015 was conducted...
June 2016: Professioni Infermieristiche
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864615/the-effects-of-active-mobilisation-and-rehabilitation-in-icu-on-mortality-and-function-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Claire J Tipping, Meg Harrold, Anne Holland, Lorena Romero, Travis Nisbet, Carol L Hodgson
PURPOSE: Early active mobilisation and rehabilitation in the intensive care unit (ICU) is being used to prevent the long-term functional consequences of critical illness. This review aimed to determine the effect of active mobilisation and rehabilitation in the ICU on mortality, function, mobility, muscle strength, quality of life, days alive and out of hospital to 180 days, ICU and hospital lengths of stay, duration of mechanical ventilation and discharge destination, linking outcomes with the World Health Organization International Classification of Function Framework...
November 18, 2016: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863531/effects-of-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-on-linezolid-pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamics-a-systematic-review
#20
Gianluca Villa, Paola Di Maggio, A Raffaele De Gaudio, Andrea Novelli, Riccardo Antoniotti, Enrico Fiaccadori, Chiara Adembri
BACKGROUND: Major alterations in linezolid pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) parameters might be expected in critically ill septic patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) who are undergoing continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). The present review is aimed at describing extracorporeal removal of linezolid and the main PK-PD parameter changes observed in critically ill septic patients with AKI, who are on CRRT. METHOD: Citations published on PubMed up to January 2016 were systematically reviewed according to the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) statement...
November 19, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
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