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critical care systematic reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525779/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-renal-replacement-therapy-modalities-for-acute-kidney-injury-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#1
Danielle M Nash, Sebastian Przech, Ron Wald, Daria O'Reilly
PURPOSE: To compare clinical outcomes among critically ill adults with acute kidney injury (AKI) treated with continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT), intermittent hemodialysis (IHD) or sustained low efficiency dialysis (SLED). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We completed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies published in 2015 or earlier using MEDLINE®, EMBASE®, Cochrane databases and grey literature. Eligible studies included randomized clinical trials (RCTs) or prospective cohort studies comparing outcomes of mortality, dialysis dependence or length of stay among critically ill adults receiving CRRT, IHD or SLED to treat AKI...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521810/estimation-of-the-burden-of-varicella-in-europe-before-the-introduction-of-universal-childhood-immunization
#2
Margarita Riera-Montes, Kaatje Bollaerts, Ulrich Heininger, Niel Hens, Giovanni Gabutti, Angel Gil, Bayad Nozad, Grazina Mirinaviciute, Elmira Flem, Audrey Souverain, Thomas Verstraeten, Susanne Hartwig
BACKGROUND: Varicella is generally considered a mild disease. Disease burden is not well known and country-level estimation is challenging. As varicella disease is not notifiable, notification criteria and rates vary between countries. In general, existing surveillance systems do not capture cases that do not seek medical care, and most are affected by underreporting and underascertainment. We aimed to estimate the overall varicella disease burden in Europe to provide critical information to support decision-making regarding varicella vaccination...
May 18, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515947/the-impact-of-body-armor-on-physical-performance-of-law-enforcement-personnel-a-systematic-review
#3
Colin Tomes, Robin Marc Orr, Rodney Pope
BACKGROUND: The law enforcement officer profession requires performance of arduous occupational tasks while carrying an external load, consisting of, at minimum, a chest rig, a communication system, weaponry, handcuffs, personal protective equipment and a torch. The aim of this systematic review of the literature was to identify and critically appraise the methodological quality of published studies that have investigated the impacts of body armour on task performance and to synthesize and report key findings from these studies to inform law enforcement organizations...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512551/consensus-statements-and-clinical-recommendations-on-treatment-indications-surgical-procedures-prosthetic-protocols-and-complications-following-all-on-4-standard-treatment-9th-mozo-grau-ticare-conference-in-quintanilla-spain
#4
REVIEW
Miguel Penarrocha-Diago, María Penarrocha-Diago, Regino Zaragozí-Alonso, David Soto-Penaloza, Meeting On Behalf Of The Ticare Consensus
OBJECTIVES: The present consensus report critically evaluates the scientific evidence based on a comprehensive systematic review of the All-On-4 treatment concept, focusing primarily on the treatment indications, surgical procedures and prosthetic protocols, and secondarily on the mechanical and biological complications involved. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic review was made in advance of the meeting. Consensus statements, treatment guidelines and recommendations for future research were based on within-group as well as plenary debates and discussions of the systematic review...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508438/the-effect-of-chronotherapy-on-delirium-in-critical-care%C3%A2-%C3%A2-a-systematic-review
#5
Roseanne Luther, Anne McLeod
BACKGROUND: Delirium is highly prevalent within critical care and is linked to adverse clinical outcomes, increased mortality and impaired quality of life. Development of delirium is thought to be caused by multiple risk factors, including disruption of the circadian rhythm. Chronotherapeutic interventions, such as light therapy, music and use of eye shades, have been suggested as an option to improve circadian rhythm within intensive care units. AIM: This review aims to answer the question: Can chronotherapy reduce the prevalence of delirium in adult patients in critical care? DESIGN: This study is a systematic review of quantitative studies...
May 15, 2017: Nursing in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506711/screening-for-sepsis-in-general-hospitalised-patients-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Laura Alberto, Andrea P Marshall, Rachel Walker, Leanne M Aitken
INTRODUCTION: Sepsis is a common condition observed outside critical care areas. The purpose of this review was to examine the application of sepsis screening tools for early recognition of sepsis in general hospitalised patients to: (i) identify the accuracy of these tools; (ii) determine the outcomes associated with their implementation and; (iii) describe the implementation process. METHOD: A systematic review method was used. PubMed, CINAHL, COCHRANE, SCOPUS, Web of Science and EMBASE databases were systematically searched for primary articles, published from January 1990 to June 2016, that investigated screening tools or alert mechanisms for early identification of sepsis in adult general hospitalized patients...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506567/the-impact-of-walk-in-centres-and-gp-co-operatives-on-emergency-department-presentations-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#7
REVIEW
Jessica Crawford, Simon Cooper, Robyn Cant, Ruth DeSouza
BACKGROUND: Internationally, non-urgent presentations are increasing the pressure on Emergency Department (ED) staff and resources. This systematic review aims to identify the impact of alternative emergency care pathways on ED presentations - specifically GP cooperatives and walk-in clinics. METHODS: Based on a structured PICO enquiry with either walk-in clinic or GP cooperative as the intervention, a search was made for peer-reviewed publications in English, between 2000 and 2014...
May 12, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502244/evaluating-the-implementation-of-integrated-mental-health-care-a-systematic-review-to-guide-the-development-of-quality-measures
#8
Nadiya Sunderji, Allyson Ion, Abbas Ghavam-Rassoul, Amanda Abate
OBJECTIVE: Although the effectiveness of integrated mental health care has been demonstrated, its implementation in real-world settings is highly variable, may not conform to evidence-based practice, and has rarely been evaluated. Quality indicators can guide improvements in integrated care implementation. However, the literature on indicators for this purpose is limited. This article reports findings from a systematic review of existing measures by which to evaluate integrated care models in primary care settings...
May 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501415/reduced-electrode-arrays-for-the-automated-detection-of-rhythmic-and-periodic-patterns-in-the-intensive-care-unit-frequently-tried-frequently-failed
#9
J Herta, J Koren, F Fürbass, M Hartmann, A Gruber, C Baumgartner
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of systematic electrode reduction from a common 10-20 EEG system on pattern detection sensitivity (SEN). METHODS: Two reviewers rated 17130 one-minute segments of 83 prospectively recorded cEEGs according to the ACNS standardized critical care EEG terminology (CCET), including burst suppression patterns (BS) and unequivocal electrographic seizures. Consensus annotations between reviewers were used as a gold standard to determine pattern detection SEN and specificity (SPE) of a computational algorithm (baseline, 19 electrodes)...
April 26, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499680/a-systematic-review-of-the-prevalence-and-types-of-adverse-events-in%C3%A2-interfacility-critical-care-transfers-by-paramedics
#10
Abdullah Alabdali, Joanne D Fisher, Chetan Trivedy, Richard J Lilford
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate if paramedics can safely transfer interfacility critically ill adult patients and to determine the prevalence and types of adverse events when paramedics lead interfacility critical care transfers. METHODS: MEDLINE, Web of Science, Embase, and CINAHL databases were searched from 1990 up to February 2016. Eligibility criteria were adult patients (16 years and over), interfacility transfer (between two health care facilities), quantitative or qualitative description of adverse events, and a paramedic as the primary care provider or the sole health care provider...
May 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499032/development-of-a-new-tool-for-systematic-observation-of-nursing-home-resident-and-staff-engagement-and-relationship
#11
A Lynn Snow, M Lindsey Jacobs, Jennifer A Palmer, Patricia A Parmelee, Rebecca S Allen, Nancy J Wewiorski, Michelle M Hilgeman, Latrice D Vinson, Dan R Berlowitz, Anne D Halli-Tierney, Christine W Hartmann
Purpose of Study: To develop a structured observational tool, the Resident-centered Assessment of Interactions with Staff and Engagement tool (RAISE), to measure 2 critical, multi-faceted, organizational-level aspects of person-centered care (PCC) in nursing homes: (a) resident engagement and (b) the quality and frequency of staff-resident interactions. Design and Methods: In this multi-method psychometric development study, we conducted (a) 120 hr of ethnographic observations in one nursing home and (b) a targeted literature review to enable construct development...
May 11, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498197/overuse-of-health-care-services-in-the-management-of-cancer-a-systematic-review
#12
Shrujal S Baxi, Minal Kale, Salomeh Keyhani, Benjamin R Roman, Annie Yang, Antonio P Derosa, Deborah Korenstein
BACKGROUND: Overuse, the provision of health services for which harms outweigh the benefits, results in suboptimal patient care and may contribute to the rising costs of cancer care. We performed a systematic review of the evidence on overuse in oncology. METHODS: We searched Medline, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, SCOPUS databases, and 2 grey literature sources, for articles published between December 1, 2011 and March 10, 2017. We included publications from December 2011 to evaluate the literature since the inception of the ABIM Foundation's Choosing Wisely initiative in 2012...
May 11, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498176/effectiveness-of-haloperidol-prophylaxis-in-critically-ill-patients-with-a-high-risk-of-delirium-a-systematic-review
#13
Eduardo Santos, Daniela Cardoso, Hugo Neves, Madalena Cunha, Manuel Rodrigues, João Apóstolo
BACKGROUND: Delirium is associated with increased intensive care unit and hospital length of stay, prolonged duration of mechanical ventilation, unplanned removal of tubes and catheters, and increased morbidity and mortality. Prophylactic treatment with low-dose haloperidol may have beneficial effects for critically ill patients with a high risk of delirium. OBJECTIVES: To identify the effectiveness of haloperidol prophylaxis in critically ill patients with a high risk for delirium...
May 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498175/experiences-of-healthcare-professionals-of-having-their-significant-other-admitted-to-an-acute-care-facility-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#14
Hussamaldeen Sabyani, Richard Wiechula, Judy Magarey, Frank Donnelly
BACKGROUND: Most healthcare professionals at some time will experience having a significant other admitted to an acute care hospital. The knowledge and understanding that these individuals possess because of their professional practice can potentially alter this experience. Expectations of staff and other family members (FMs) can potentially increase the burden on these health professionals. All FMs of patients should have their needs and expectations considered; however, this review specifically addresses what may be unique for healthcare professionals...
May 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498174/adult-women-s-experiences-of-urinary-incontinence-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#15
Adilson Mendes, Luiza Hoga, Bruna Gonçalves, Pâmela Silva, Priscilla Pereira
BACKGROUND: Women are affected dramatically by urinary incontinence (UI). This disease is currently considered as epidemic. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review is to identify, through the best available evidence, how women experience UI worldwide. INCLUSION CRITERIA TYPES OF PARTICIPANTS: The current review included studies of adult women who had experienced UI. PHENOMENA OF INTEREST: Women with UI from various social and cultural settings were included in this review...
May 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496382/elements-of-family-centered-care-in-the-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-an-integrative-review
#16
Claire A Richards, Helene Starks, M Rebecca O'Connor, Ardith Z Doorenbos
This paper reports result from a systematic search and thematic analysis of qualitative literature to identify key issues related to family-centered care, behaviors, and communication skills that support the parental role and improve patient and family outcomes in the PICU. Five themes were identified: 1) sharing information; 2) hearing parental voices; 3) making decisions for or with parents; 4) negotiating roles; and 5) individualizing communication. These themes highlight several gaps between how parents want to be involved and perceive clinicians engage them in the care of their child...
June 2017: Journal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing: JHPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495379/transthoracic-echocardiography-for-diagnosing-pulmonary-embolism-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
J Matthew Fields, Joshua Davis, Lily Girson, Arthur Au, Jacqueline Potts, Charity J Morgan, Imelda Vetter, Lee Ann Riesenberg
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common diagnosis with significant mortality if not appropriately treated. The use of transthoracic echocardiography in patients with PE is common; however, its diagnostic capabilities in this use are unclear. With the increased use of ultrasonography in medical settings, it is important to understand the strengths and limitations of echocardiography for the diagnosis of PE. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of PubMed, CINAHL, and EMBASE through 2016 for articles assessing the diagnostic accuracy of transthoracic echocardiography for PE...
May 9, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494680/end-of-life-care-in-emergency-departments-a-review-of-the-literature
#18
Kayla Gloss
Providing end of life care (EOLC) in emergency departments (EDs) is challenging because of minimal resources, lack of staff education and outdated models of care. Dynamic, chaotic environments like EDs require systematic, clear and concise principles and goals for patient care. Death in EDs is inevitable, therefore staff should be equipped to provide optimal care to this vulnerable patient group. This article reviews the literature on the barriers to providing EOLC in EDs, and makes recommendations for clinical practice and further research...
May 12, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490866/nonpharmacological-interventions-to-treat-physical-frailty-and-sarcopenia-in-older-patients-a-systematic-overview-the-senator-project-ontop-series
#19
REVIEW
Isabel Lozano-Montoya, Andrea Correa-Pérez, Iosief Abraha, Roy L Soiza, Antonio Cherubini, Denis O'Mahony, Alfonso J Cruz-Jentoft
BACKGROUND: Physical frailty (PF) and sarcopenia are predictors of negative health outcomes such as falls, disability, hospitalization, and death. Some systematic reviews (SRs) have been published on different nonpharmacological treatments of frailty and sarcopenia using heterogeneous definitions of them. OBJECTIVE: To critically appraise the evidence from SRs of the primary studies on nonpharmacological interventions to treat PF (defined by Fried's frailty phenotype) and sarcopenia (defined by the EWGSOP) in older patients...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489282/collaborative-writing-applications-in-healthcare-effects-on-professional-practice-and-healthcare-outcomes
#20
REVIEW
Patrick M Archambault, Tom H van de Belt, Craig Kuziemsky, Ariane Plaisance, Audrey Dupuis, Carrie A McGinn, Rebecca Francois, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Alexis F Turgeon, Tanya Horsley, William Witteman, Julien Poitras, Jean Lapointe, Kevin Brand, Jean Lachaine, France Légaré
BACKGROUND: Collaborative writing applications (CWAs), such as wikis and Google Documents, hold the potential to improve the use of evidence in both public health and healthcare. Although a growing body of literature indicates that CWAs could have positive effects on healthcare, such as improved collaboration, behavioural change, learning, knowledge management, and adaptation of knowledge to local context, this has never been assessed systematically. Moreover, several questions regarding safety, reliability, and legal aspects exist...
May 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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