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critical care systematic reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145934/economic-evaluations-on-antimicrobial-stewardship-programme-a-systematic-review
#1
Nor Haizan Ibrahim, Khalidah Maruan, Hasryn Azzuar Mohd Khairy, Yet Hoi Hong, Ahmad Fauzi Dali, Chin Fen Neoh
PURPOSE: To systematically review studies on cost-effectiveness of implementing Antimicrobial stewardship programmes (ASP) in the hospital setting. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed using electronic databases, such as EMBASE, PubMed/Medline, CINAHL, NHS and CEA Registry from 2000 until 2017. The quality of each included study was assessed using Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal Checklist for Economic Evaluations and Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards Statement checklist...
2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences: a Publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144998/work-based-learning-in-health-care-organisations-experienced-by-nursing-staff-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#2
REVIEW
Marja Nevalainen, Nina Lunkka, Marjo Suhonen
The aim of this review is to systematically summarise qualitative evidence about work-based learning in health care organisations as experienced by nursing staff. Work-based learning is understood as informal learning that occurs inside the work community in the interaction between employees. Studies for this review were searched for in the CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus and ABI Inform ProQuest databases for the period 2000-2015. Nine original studies met the inclusion criteria. After the critical appraisal by two researchers, all nine studies were selected for the review...
November 11, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143189/oral-hygiene-and-oral-health-in-older-people-with-dementia-a-comprehensive-review-with-focus-on-oral-soft-tissues
#3
REVIEW
Suzanne Delwel, Tarik T Binnekade, Roberto S G M Perez, Cees M P M Hertogh, Erik J A Scherder, Frank Lobbezoo
BACKGROUND: The number of older people with dementia and a natural dentition is growing. Recently, a systematic review concerning the oral health of older people with dementia with the focus on diseases of oral hard tissues was published. OBJECTIVE: To provide a comprehensive literature overview following a systematic approach of the level of oral hygiene and oral health status in older people with dementia with focus on oral soft tissues. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in the databases PubMed, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library...
November 15, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141675/delayed-initiation-of-antenatal-care-and-associated-factors-in-ethiopia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Gezahegn Tesfaye, Deborah Loxton, Catherine Chojenta, Agumasie Semahegn, Roger Smith
BACKGROUND: Antenatal care uptake is among the key indicators for monitoring the progress of maternal outcomes. Early initiation of antenatal care facilitates the timely management and treatment of pregnancy complications to reduce maternal deaths. In Ethiopia, antenatal care utilization is generally low, and delayed initiation of care is very common. We aimed to systematically identify and synthesize available evidence on delayed initiation of antenatal care and the associated factors in Ethiopia...
November 15, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140950/development-of-clinical-process-measures-for-pediatric-burn-care-understanding-variation-in-practice-patterns
#5
Lewis E Kazis, Robert L Sheridan, Gabriel D Shapiro, Austin F Lee, Matthew H Liang, Colleen M Ryan, Jeffrey C Schneider, Martha Lydon, Marina Soley-Bori, Lily A Sonis, Emily C Dore, Tina Palmieri, David Herndon, Walter Meyer, Petra Warner, Richard Kagan, Frederick J Stoddard, Michael Murphy, Ronald G Tompkins
BACKGROUND: There has been little systematic examination of variation in pediatric burn care clinical practices and its effect on outcomes. As a first step, current clinical care processes need to be operationally defined. The highly specialized burn care units of the Shriners Hospitals for Children system present an opportunity to describe the processes of care. The aim of this study was to develop a set of process-based measures for pediatric burn care and examine adherence to them by providers in a cohort of pediatric burn patients...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137682/cefepime-induced-neurotoxicity-a-systematic-review
#6
Lauren E Payne, David J Gagnon, Richard R Riker, David B Seder, Elizabeth K Glisic, Jane G Morris, Gilles L Fraser
BACKGROUND: Cefepime is a widely used antibiotic with neurotoxicity attributed to its ability to cross the blood-brain barrier and exhibit concentration-dependent ϒ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) antagonism. Neurotoxic symptoms include depressed consciousness, encephalopathy, aphasia, myoclonus, seizures, and coma. Data suggest that up to 15% of ICU patients treated with cefepime may experience these adverse effects. Risk factors include renal dysfunction, excessive dosing, preexisting brain injury, and elevated serum cefepime concentrations...
November 14, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135750/student-and-educator-experiences-of-maternal-child-simulation-based-learning-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#7
Karen MacKinnon, Lenora Marcellus, Julie Rivers, Carol Gordon, Maureen Ryan, Diane Butcher
BACKGROUND: Although maternal-child care is a pillar of primary health care, there is a global shortage of maternal-child health care providers. Nurse educators experience difficulties providing undergraduate students with maternal-child learning experiences for a number of reasons. Simulation has the potential to complement learning in clinical and classroom settings. Although systematic reviews of simulation are available, no systematic reviews of qualitative evidence related to maternal-child simulation-based learning (SBL) for undergraduate nursing students and/or educators have been located...
November 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135521/the-effect-of-icu-out-of-hours-admission-on-mortality-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Megan Galloway, Aoife Hegarty, Sarah McGill, Nishkantha Arulkumaran, Stephen J Brett, David Harrison
OBJECTIVES: Organizational factors are associated with outcome of critically ill patients and may vary by time of day and day of week. We aimed to identify the association between out-of-hours admission to critical care and mortality. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE (via Ovid) and EMBASE (via Ovid). STUDY SELECTION: We performed a systematic search of the literature for studies on out-of-hours adult general ICU admission on patient mortality. DATA EXTRACTION: Meta-analyses were performed and Forest plots drawn using RevMan software...
November 11, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133983/concomitant-psychiatric-symptoms-and-impaired-quality-of-life-in-women-with-cervical-cancer-a-critical-review
#9
REVIEW
Stephanie Klügel, Caroline Lücke, Aurora Meta, Meike Schild-Suhren, Eduard Malik, Alexandra Philipsen, Helge Ho Müller
Our aim was to summarize the current relevant literature on concomitant psychiatric symptoms with a focus on anxiety/depression in a population with gynecologic cancer; to identify the predictors, associated factors, and prevention strategies of psychiatric disorders; to examine psychiatric disorders in a population with recurrent gynecologic cancer; and to describe the limitations of the literature and future research areas. Little is known about attending psychiatric disorders in patients with gynecologic and other malignant diseases like cervical or breast cancer...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131465/psychometric-analysis-of-subjective-sedation-scales-used-for-critically-ill-paediatric-patients
#10
Xiaohua Ge, Tingting Zhang, Lingling Zhou
AIMS: This study evaluated the psychometric properties of subjective sedation scales using one psychometric scoring system to identify the appropriate scale that is most suitable for clinical care practice. BACKGROUND: A number of published sedation assessment scales for paediatric patients are currently used to attempt to achieve a moderate depth of sedation to avoid the undesirable effects caused by over- or undersedation. However, there has been no systematic review of these scales...
November 12, 2017: Nursing in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128952/effects-of-acupuncture-on-cancer-related-fatigue-a-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Yan Zhang, Lu Lin, Huiling Li, Yan Hu, Li Tian
PURPOSE: This study was designed to critically evaluate the effect of acupuncture on cancer-related fatigue (CRF). METHODS: Seven databases (Cochrane Library, Embase, Medline, Web of Science, CBM, Wanfang, and CNKI) were systematically reviewed from inception to November 2016 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Two reviewers critically and independently assessed the risk of bias using Cochrane Collaboration criteria and extracted correlated data using the designed form...
November 11, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128883/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-effect-of-low-level-laser-therapy-lllt-on-chemotherapy-induced-oral-mucositis-in-pediatric-and-young-patients
#12
REVIEW
Mengxue He, Binghua Zhang, Nanping Shen, Na Wu, Jiwen Sun
Oral mucositis is one of the most frequent complications after chemotherapy, occurring in approximately 52 to 80% of children receiving treatment for cancer. Recently, it has been suggested that the use of low-energy laser could reduce the grade of oral mucositis and alleviate the symptoms. In 2014, Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer/International Society of Oral Oncology has recommended low-level laser therapy in prevention of mucositis for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation patients because of its beneficial effects in majority of recent studies...
November 11, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128685/unravelling-positive-aspects-of-caregiving-in-dementia-an-integrative-review-of-research-literature
#13
REVIEW
Doris S F Yu, Sheung-Tak Cheng, Jungfang Wang
BACKGROUND: Family caregiving is the crucial informal care resource to lessen the burdens associated with dementia. Research in this field has focused on reducing the caregiver's burden, but little attention has been given to promoting the positive aspects of caregiving. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic critical review of research on the nature of positive aspects of caregiving, and the factors predicting this phenomenon among family caregivers of dementia patients, with the ultimate purpose of gaining insights to explain how and why it emerges...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126109/do-prospective-payment-systems-ppss-lead-to-desirable-providers-incentives-and-patients-outcomes-a-systematic-review-of-evidence-from-developing-countries
#14
Si Ying Tan, G J Melendez-Torres
The reform of provider payment systems, from retrospective to prospective payment, has been heralded as the right move to contain costs in the light of rising health expenditures in many countries. However, there are concerns on quality trade-off. The heightened attention given to prospective payment system (PPS) reforms and the rise of empirical evidence regarding PPS interventions among developing countries suggest that a systematic review is necessary to understand the effects of PPS reforms in developing countries...
November 6, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125962/retrospective-evaluation-of-project-envision-a-community-mobilization-pilot-program-to-prevent-sexual-violence-in-new-york-city
#15
Lily Glenn, Laura Fidler, Meghan O'Connor, Mary Haviland, Deborah Fry, Tamara Pollak, Victoria Frye
Sexual violence is a public health problem associated with short- and long-term physical and mental health consequences. Most interventions that aim to prevent sexual violence before it occurs target individual-level change or promote bystander training. Community-level interventions, while increasingly recommended in the sexual violence prevention field, are rarely documented in peer-reviewed literature. This paper is a targeted process evaluation of Project Envision, a 6-year pilot initiative to address social norms at the root of sexual violence through coalition building and community mobilization in three New York City neighborhoods, and reflects the perspectives of those charged with designing and implementing the program...
November 2, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121789/a-descriptive-analysis-of-end-of-life-conversations-with-long-term-glioblastoma-survivors
#16
Stephen P Miranda, Rachelle E Bernacki, Joanna M Paladino, Andrew D Norden, Jane E Kavanagh, Marissa C Palmor, Susan D Block
BACKGROUND: Early, high-quality serious illness (SI) conversations are critical for patients with glioblastoma (GBM) but are often mistimed or mishandled. OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence, timing, and quality of documented SI conversations and evaluate their focus on patient goals/priorities. DESIGN/PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-three patients with GBM enrolled in the control group of a randomized controlled trial of a communication intervention and were followed for 2 years or until death...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118265/a-systematic-review-of-health-related-quality-of-life-reporting-in-ovarian-cancer-phase-iii-clinical-trials-room-to-improve
#17
REVIEW
Michelle K Wilson, Michael L Friedlander, Florence Joly, Amit M Oza
BACKGROUND: Epithelial ovarian cancer (OC) remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality for women worldwide. Patients may experience a multitude of disease- and treatment-related symptoms that can impact quality of life (QOL) and should be measured and reported in clinical trials. This systematic review investigated the adequacy of reporting of QOL in randomized phase III trials in OC in both the first-line and recurrent disease setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of MEDLINE and EMBASE identified randomized clinical trials of systemic therapy in OC from 1980 to 2014...
November 8, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117010/assessing-the-methodological-quality-of-glaucoma-clinical-practice-guidelines-and-their-recommendations-on-microinvasive-glaucoma-surgery-a-systematic-review
#18
Evan Michaelov, James J Armstrong, Mary Nguyen, Bridget Instrum, Tracey Lam, James Denstedt, Cindy M L Hutnik
INTRODUCTION: Clinical practice guidelines (CPG) are regarded by many as critical communications providing guidance within specific medical fields. Over a decade ago, the first microinvasive glaucoma surgical procedures (MIGS) were introduced. Since then, a number of these novel intraocular pressure (IOP) controlling surgical options have been approved worldwide. Governing bodies and healthcare administration often utilize CPGs when considering funding for newer technologies. This highlights the importance of well-written, accurate and up-to-date CPGs in the rapidly evolving field of MIGS...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112908/reproductive-decision-making-in-women-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Juan M Leyva-Moral, Patrick A Palmieri, María Feijoo-Cid, Sandra K Cesario, Nataly Julissa Membrillo-Pillpe, Patricia N Piscoya-Angeles, Marilyn Goff, Ana Toledo-Chavarri, Joan E Edwards
OBJECTIVES: Analyze and synthesize the research evidence to understand the reproductive decisions made by women living with HIV from the beginning of the epidemic to the present. Evaluate the barriers and the facilitators for reproductive decision-making. Identify areas of strength, improvement, and those requiring further research. DESIGN AND DATA SOURCES: Systematic review following the PRISMA guideline. PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, SocINDEX, Embase, and Scopus databases were searched from 1985 to 2016 using the following Keywords: HIV, AIDS, pregnancy, reproduction, and decision-making...
October 25, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112241/periodontal-therapy-for-the-management-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-with-chronic-periodontitis
#20
REVIEW
Chunjie Li, Zongkai Lv, Zongdao Shi, Ye Zhu, Yafei Wu, Longjiang Li, Zipporah Iheozor-Ejiofor
BACKGROUND: There is an association between chronic periodontitis and cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, it is not known whether periodontal therapy could prevent or manage CVD in patients with chronic periodontitis. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this systematic review was to investigate the effects of periodontal therapy in preventing the occurrence of, and management or recurrence of, CVD in patients with chronic periodontitis. SEARCH METHODS: Cochrane Oral Health's Information Specialist searched the following databases: Cochrane Oral Health's Trials Register (to 31 August 2017), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (the Cochrane Library, 2017, Issue 7), MEDLINE Ovid (1946 to 31 August 2017), Embase Ovid (1980 to 31 August 2017) and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL EBSCO) (1937 to 31 August 2017) ...
November 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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