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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813230/dietary-supplements-commonly-used-by-cancer-survivors-are-there-any-benefits
#1
Mary J Marian
Following a cancer diagnosis, dietary supplements are reportedly used by 20%-80% of individuals. Supplements are most commonly used by breast cancer survivors, followed by patients with prostate, colorectal, and lung cancers, which is not surprising since these are the most common types of cancer diagnosed in adults. Reasons cited for such use include improving quality of life, reducing symptoms related to treatment and/or the disease process, and recommendation from medical practitioners; family and friends may also be an influence...
August 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811967/il-18-receptor-marks-functional-cd8-t-cells-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#2
Eleonora Timperi, Chiara Focaccetti, Daniela Gallerano, Mariangela Panetta, Sheila Spada, Enzo Gallo, Paolo Visca, Federico Venuta, Daniele Diso, Arsela Prelaj, Flavia Longo, Francesco Facciolo, Paola Nisticò, Vincenzo Barnaba
IL-18 is an inflammasome-related cytokine, member of the IL-1 family, produced by a wide range of cells in response to signals by several pathogen- or damage-associated molecular patterns. It can be highly represented in tumor patients, but its relevance in human cancer development is not clear. In this study, we provide evidence that IL-18 is principally expressed in tumor cells and, in concert with other conventional Th1 cell-driven cytokines, has a pivotal role in establishing a pro-inflammatory milieu in the tumor microenvironment of human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810596/expression-of-kruppel-like-factor-8-and-ki67-in-lung-adenocarcinoma-and-prognosis
#3
Yifei Liu, Xiufang Yao, Qing Zhang, Li Qian, Jia Feng, Tingting Bian, Jianguo Zhang, Ye Tian
Kruppel-like factor 8 (KLF8) belongs to the KLF family and has various roles in the regulation of the cell cycle, proliferation and tumor genesis. KLF8 is overexpressed in gastric, ovarian, breast and renal cancer. Additionally, KLF8 may affect invasion and metastasis of tumors. However, whether KLF8 also acts as an ontogeny in lung adenocarcinoma (LAC) remains unknown. The aim of the present study was to determine the association between KLF8 expression and various clinical and pathological parameters. Western blot assays and immune histochemistry analyses revealed that KLF8 level in LAC tissues was higher than that in the normal lung tissues and KLF8 expression was significantly associated with clinical variables (P<0...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807849/danshen-improves-survival-of-patients-with-colon-cancer-and-dihydroisotanshinone-i-inhibit-the-proliferation-of-colon-cancer-cells-via-apoptosis-and-skp2-signaling-pathway
#4
Yin-Yin Lin, I-Yun Lee, Wen-Shih Huang, Yu-Shin Lin, Feng-Che Kuan, Li-Hsin Shu, Yu-Ching Cheng, Yao-Hsu Yang, Ching-Yuan Wu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Danshen (Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge) is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine. However, it's definite clinical effect and mechanism on colon carcinoma is unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: To test the hypothesis that the protective effect of danshen on colon cancer and discover the bioactive compounds through in vitro study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a nationwide cohort study by using population-based data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD)...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801919/familial-associations-of-female-breast-cancer-with-other-cancers
#5
Guoqiao Zheng, Hongyao Yu, Akseli Hemminki, Asta Försti, Kristina Sundquist, Kari Hemminki
Familial risks of breast cancer (BC) are well established but whether BC clusters with other, i.e. discordant, cancers is less certain but of interest for the identification of common genetic and possible environmental factors contributing to a general cancer susceptibility. We apply a novel approach to search for familial associations of BC with other (discordant) cancers based on the Swedish Family-Cancer Database. Relative risks (RRs) were calculated for BC in families with increasing numbers of patients with discordant cancer X, and conversely, familial RRs for cancer X in families with increasing numbers of BC patients...
August 12, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795371/hepatoprotective-and-cytotoxic-activities-of-anvillea-garcinii-and-isolation-of-four-new-secondary-metabolites
#6
Shagufta Perveen, Areej Mohammad Al-Taweel, Hasan Soliman Yusufoglu, Ghada Ahmed Fawzy, Ahmed Foudah, Maged Saad Abdel-Kader
Anvillea garcinii is a medicinal plant traditionally used for the treatment of dysentery, gastrointestinal troubles, hepatitis, lung disease, colds, digestive problems and pulmonary affections and in liver diseases. Four new sesquiterpene lactones, garcinamines A-D, along with seven known compounds, were isolated from the leaves of A. garcinii. This is the first report of the isolation of amino acid analogues of parthenolide-type sesquiterpene lactones from the family Asteraceae. Total ethanol extract of leaves as well as the chloroform and n-butanol fractions were tested for their hepatoprotective effect using the carbon tetrachloride liver toxicity model...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791631/erbb-receptors-and-cancer
#7
Zhixiang Wang
The ErbB receptor family, also known as the EGF receptor family or type I receptor family, includes the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor (EGFR) or ErbB1/Her1, ErbB2/Her2, ErbB3/Her3, and ErbB4/Her4. Among all RTKs, EGFR was the first RTK identified and the first one linked to cancer. Thus, EGFR has also been the most intensively studied among all RTKs. ErbB receptors are activated after homodimerization or heterodimerization. The ErbB family is unique among the various groups of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) in that ErbB3 has impaired kinase activity, while ErbB2 does not have a direct ligand...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791412/benzo-a-pyrene-enhances-the-emt-associated-migration-of-lung-adenocarcinoma-a549-cells-by-upregulating-twist1
#8
Xi Chen, Hongbing Peng, Jian Xiao, Anqi Guan, Bin Xie, Bixiu He, Qiong Chen
Benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), an important toxic component of cigarette smoke, can cause lung cancer and lead to the progression of lung cancer. In the present study, we investigated the effect of BaP on the migration of lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells. BaP (1 µM) promoted the migration of A549 cells in a time-dependent manner and upregulated the expression of the Twist family BHLH transcription factor 1 (Twist1). BaP also induced upregulation of the mesenchymal markers N-cadherin and vimentin and downregulation of the epithelial marker E-cadherin...
August 3, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790515/transient-receptor-potential-melastatin-channel-family-member-2-friend-or-foe
#9
Joseph Y Cheung, Barbara A Miller
Transient receptor potential melastatin 2 (Trpm2) channels are nonvoltage-activated channels permeable to monovalent and divalent cations, and are expressed in heart, brain, kidney, vasculature, and hematopoietic cells. Trpm2 is overexpressed in bladder, lung, breast, liver, head, and neck cancers. Classically, Trpm2 activation induces cell injury and death by Ca(2+) overload or enhanced inflammatory response. Recent studies show that Trpm2 protects lungs from endotoxin-induced injury by reducing reactive oxygen species production in phagocytes; and improves cardiac function after ischemia-reperfusion injury by preserving mitochondrial respiration and cellular adenosine triphosphate levels while decreasing reactive oxygen species levels...
2017: Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783172/p38-delta-mapk-promotes-breast-cancer-progression-and-lung-metastasis-by-enhancing-cell-proliferation-and-cell-detachment
#10
M Wada, D Canals, M Adada, N Coant, M F Salama, K L Helke, J S Arthur, K R Shroyer, K Kitatani, L M Obeid, Y A Hannun
The protein p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) delta isoform (p38δ) is a poorly studied member of the MAPK family. Data analysis from The Cancer Genome Atlas database revealed that p38δ is highly expressed in all types of human breast cancers. Using a human breast cancer tissue array, we confirmed elevation in cancer tissue. The breast cancer mouse model, MMTV-PyMT (PyMT), developed breast tumors with lung metastasis; however, mice deleted in p38δ (PyMT/p38δ(-/-)) exhibited delayed primary tumor formation and highly reduced lung metastatic burden...
August 7, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778066/inhibition-of-lsd1-epigenetically-attenuates-oral-cancer-growth-and-metastasis
#11
Saqer F Alsaqer, Mustafa M Tashkandi, Vinay K Kartha, Ya-Ting Yang, Yazeed Alkheriji, Andrew Salama, Xaralabos Varelas, Maria Kukuruzinska, Stefano Monti, Manish V Bais
Lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) is a nuclear histone demethylase and a member of the amine oxidase (AO) family. LSD1 is a flavin-containing AO that specifically catalyzes the demethylation of mono- and di-methylated histone H3 lysine 4 through an FAD-dependent oxidative reaction. LSD1 is inappropriately upregulated in lung, liver, brain and esophageal cancers, where it promotes cancer initiation, progression, and metastasis. However, unlike other lysine-specific demethylases, the role and specific targets of LSD1 in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) pathogenesis remain unknown...
July 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776569/fbxo4-inhibits-lung-cancer-cell-survival-by-targeting-mcl-1-for-degradation
#12
C Feng, F Yang, J Wang
Mcl-1 (myeloid cell leukemia 1) is a prosurvival member of the Bcl-2 family and plays a critical role in cell survival by suppressing apoptosis through inhibiting the activity of proapoptotic proteins. It has been reported that Mcl-1 is frequently overexpressed in lung cancer. However, the exact molecular mechanism underlying Mcl-1 elevation in lung cancer is largely unknown. Here, we reported that Mcl-1 protein levels inversely correlate with FBXO4 expression, but not other F-box proteins examined, in lung cancer cell lines and lung cancer patient samples...
August 4, 2017: Cancer Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776419/psychiatric-assessments-in-patients-operated-on-due-to-lung-cancer
#13
Yeliz Erol, Alpaslan Çakan, Ayşe Gül Ergönül, Özen Sertöz, Ali Özdil, Kutsal Turhan, Ufuk Çağirici
Background This study was undertaken to determine the relationship between preoperative and postoperative psychiatric status and postoperative complications in patients operated on due to lung cancer. Methods We prospectively enrolled 25 patients undergoing surgery with a diagnosis of lung cancer. There were 17 (68%) males, 8 (32%) females, and the mean age was 61 ± 8.9 years (range 38-81 years). Their psychiatric status was assessed using the Experiences in Close Relationships Scale II, European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality-of-Life Questionnaire C30, Perceived Family Support Scale, the combined Stress Thermometer and Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale, in the preoperative period, and the Perceived Family Support, Stress Thermometer, and European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality-of-Life Questionnaire C30 at 1 month postoperatively...
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775235/tipe1-function-as-a-prognosis-predictor-and-negative-regulator-of-lung-cancer
#14
Xiaocheng Wu, Yunmiao Ma, Ji Cheng, Xia Li, Hui Zheng, Li Jiang, Renjie Zhou
TIPE1 (tumor necrosis factor-α-induced protein 8-like 1 or TNFAIP8L1) belongs to the TIPE (TNFAIP8) family, which act as a regulator of cell death. However, the expression and biologic functions of TIPE1 in lung cancer are largely unknown. Here, we investigated the roles of TIPE1 in lung cancer. Evaluated by qRT-PCR and immunohistochemical staining, lower TIPE1 mRNA and protein expression was found in the lung tumor tissue, compared with adjacent non-tumor tissues, which positively correlated with tumor patient survival...
July 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769793/in-metastatic-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-platinum-based-treated-patients-herbal-treatment-improves-the-quality-of-life-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#15
Huiru Guo, Jia X Liu, Hegen Li, Jan P A Baak
Background: According to clinical experience, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) herbs added to platinum-based therapy (PBT) improve the Quality of Life (QOL) in metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients, but this must be prospectively validated. Patients and Methods: Based on clinical impressions regarding the effect of adding TCM herbs to platinum-based chemotherapy, we anticipated that 2 × 21 patients would be sufficient to obtain significant results with an α < 0.05 and power (1 - β) of 90%...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766058/bioselection-of-coxsackievirus-b6-strain-variants-with-altered-tropism-to-human-cancer-cell-lines
#16
Victor A Svyatchenko, Vladimir A Ternovoy, Nikolai N Kiselev, Anna V Demina, Valery B Loktev, Sergey V Netesov, Peter M Chumakov
Cancer cells develop increased sensitivity to members of many virus families and, in particular, can be efficiently infected and lysed by many low-pathogenic human enteroviruses. However, because of their great genetic heterogeneity, cancer cells display different levels of sensitivity to particular enterovirus strains, which may substantially limit the chances of a positive clinical response. We show that a non-pathogenic strain of coxsackievirus B6 (LEV15) can efficiently replicate to high titers in the malignant human cell lines C33A, DU145, AsPC-1 and SK-Mel28, although it displays much lower replication efficiency in A431 and A549 cells and very limited replication ability in RD and MCF7 cells, as well as in the normal lung fibroblast cell line MRC-5 and the immortalized mammary epithelial cell line MCF10A...
August 1, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765921/mir-198-induced-upregulation-of-livin-may-be-associated-with-the-prognosis-and-contribute-to-the-oncogenesis-of-lung-adenocarcinoma
#17
Yicheng Liang, Hetan Wang, Yuanyuan Sun, Sheng Chen, Haoyou Wang, Rong Huang, Xinyi Zhao, Weineng Fu, Chunlu Yang
Livin, a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP) family, is expressed at a high level in lung adenocarcinoma and influences the progression of cancer, and its response to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Aberrant microRNA (miRNA) expression has also been associated with cancer initiation and development. However, the clinical significance of Livin and its relationship with miRNAs in lung adenocarcinoma are still unclear. In the present study, the expression level of Livin in 90 pairs of lung adenocarcinoma and their adjacent tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry staining...
August 1, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758404/lycopene-prevents-mitochondrial-dysfunction-during-d-galactosamine-lipopolysaccharide-induced-fulminant-hepatic-failure-in-albino-rats
#18
Sheik Abdulazeez Sheriff, Shaikhussain Shaik Ibrahim, Thiruvengadam Devaki, Sandipan Chakraborty, Subhash Agarwal, Horacio Perez-Sanchez
Fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) is a serious health issue, with a high mortality rate and characterized by severe perturbation in mitochondrial function. D-Galactosamine/lipopolysaccharide (D-GalN/LPS) induced FHF is a renowned model to evaluate the efficacy of hepatoprotective agents. Lycopene is an antioxidant and phytonutrient from carotenoid family. The health benefits of lycopene are prominent against cancer, cardiovascular, lung, liver, and skin problems. Recent studies have demonstrated the hepatoprotective, antidyslipidemic, and antioxidant roles of lycopene...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757172/polyphyllin-vii-increases-sensitivity-to-gefitinib-by-modulating-the-elevation-of-p21-in-acquired-gefitinib-resistant-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#19
Honggang Wang, Zhenghua Fei, Hao Jiang
Blockade of EGFR with reversible EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) is considered the frontline strategy for advanced NSCLC with EGFR mutations. However, acquired resistance to EGFR-TKI has been observed, resulting in disease progression and limited clinical benefit. Polyphyllin VII is the main member of polyphyllin family, which has been demonstrated to show strong anticancer activity against carcinomas. The sensitizing effect and underlying mechanism of Polyphyllin VII against acquired EGFR-TKI resistant NSCLC are still unexplored...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754471/how-to-train-your-inhibitor-design-strategies-to-overcome-resistance-to-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-inhibitors
#20
REVIEW
Sandra N Milik, Deena S Lasheen, Rabah A T Serya, Khaled A M Abouzid
Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) stands out as a key player in the development of many cancers. Its dysregulation is associated with a vast number of tumors such as non-small-cell lung cancer, colon cancer, head-and-neck cancer, breast and ovarian cancer. Being implicated in the development of a number of the most lethal cancers worldwide, EGFR has long been considered as a focal target for cancer therapies, ever since the FDA approval of "Gefitinib" in 2003 and up to the last FDA approved small molecule EGFR kinase inhibitor "Osimertinib" in 2015...
July 18, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
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