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Lung cancer family

Deok Soo Ahn, Hyo Jung Lee, Jisung Hwang, Hyukgyu Han, Bonglee Kim, BumSang Shim, Sung-Hoon Kim
Lambertianic acid (LA) is a biologically active compound from the leaves of Pinus koraiensis. In the present study, apoptotic mechanisms of LA plus TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) were elucidated in non-small cell lung cancer cells (NSCLCs). Cytotoxicity assay, flow cytometry, immunoprecipitation, and Western blotting were performed. Here, combined treatment of LA and TRAIL increased cytotoxicity, sub-G1 population, cleaved poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), and caspase3/8/9 in A549 and H1299 cells compared to LA or TRAIL alone...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Yonghong Fu, Sen Zhang, Dongjie Wang, Jing Wang
Icotinib hydrochloride is a small epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) that was developed by Chinese scientists. While clinical trials have revealed its efficacy in the treatment of lung cancer, very little is known about its role in enhancing radiosensitivity. In this study, we investigated the effectiveness of Icotinib in enhancing lung cancer cell radiosensitivity and have detailed its underlying molecular mechanism. The lung cancer cell line H1650 was pretreated with or without Icotinib for 24 hours before radiation, and clonogenic survival assay was performed...
May 16, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
Xiaoxiang Zhou, Lejia Sun, Dan Jing, Gang Xu, Jinmei Zhang, Li Lin, Jingjing Zhao, Zhuoran Yao, Hongfeng Lin
Background and Objective: Galectin-9 (Gal-9) is one of the galectin family members which are known as proteins with β-galactoside-binding affinity. Accumulative evidence suggest that Gal-9 plays multifaceted roles in tumor biology. However, the prognostic significance of Gal-9 in solid cancer patients remains controversial. The objective of the study was to clarify the prognostic significance of Gal-9 in solid tumors via meta-analysis. Methods: We searched PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane library for studies that report the correlation between Gal-9 expression and prognosis or clinicopathological parameters in solid cancer patients from inception to October 2017, with no language restriction...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Timo M Deist, Frank J W M Dankers, Gilmer Valdes, Robin Wijsman, I-Chow Hsu, Cary Oberije, Tim Lustberg, Johan van Soest, Frank Hoebers, Arthur Jochems, Issam El Naqa, Leonard Wee, Olivier Morin, David R Raleigh, Wouter Bots, Johannes H Kaanders, José Belderbos, Margriet Kwint, Timothy Solberg, René Monshouwer, Johan Bussink, Andre Dekker, Philippe Lambin
PURPOSE: Machine learning classification algorithms (classifiers) for prediction of treatment response are becoming more popular in radiotherapy literature. General machine learning literature provides evidence in favor of some classifier families (random forest, support vector machine, gradient boosting) in terms of classification performance. The purpose of this study is to compare such classifiers specifically for (chemo)radiotherapy datasets and to estimate their average discriminative performance for radiation treatment outcome prediction...
May 15, 2018: Medical Physics
Yuka Okusha, Takanori Eguchi, Chiharu Sogawa, Tatsuo Okui, Keisuke Nakano, Kuniaki Okamoto, Ken-Ichi Kozaki
Members of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family promote cancer cell migration, invasion, and metastasis through alteration of the tumor milieu, intracellular signaling pathways, and transcription. We examined gene expression signatures of colon adenocarcinoma cell lines with different metastatic potentials and found that rapidly metastatic cells powerfully expressed genes encoding MMP3 and MMP9. The non-proteolytic PEX isoform and proteolytic isoforms of MMPs were significantly expressed in the metastatic cells in vitro...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Cheng-Cao Sun, Qun Zhou, Wei Hu, Shu-Jun Li, Feng Zhang, Zhen-Long Chen, Guang Li, Zhuo-Yue Bi, Yong-Yi Bi, Feng-Yun Gong, Tao Bo, Zhan-Peng Yuan, Wei-Dong Hu, Bo-Tao Zhan, Qian Zhang, Qi-Zhu Tang, De-Jia Li
E2F is a group of genes that encode a family of transcription factors (TFs) in higher eukaryotes and participate in cell cycle regulation and DNA synthesis in mammalian cells. Evidence from cell lines, mouse models, and human tissues indicates that TFs are implicated in lung cancer (LC) tumorigenesis. However, the diverse expression patterns and prognostic values of eight E2Fs have yet to be elucidated. In the current study, we examined the transcriptional and survival data of E2Fs in patients with LC from ONCOMINE, GEPIA, Kaplan-Meier Plotter, and cBioPortal databases...
May 11, 2018: Aging
Han Zhang, Qian-Qian Feng, Jian-Hua Gong, Jing-Ping Ma
Lung cancer is the leading cause of mortality due to tumor malignancy worldwide. In recent years, the treatment of lung cancer with chemotherapy has demonstrated notable resistance and insensitivity. Therefore, it is of great importance to investigate anti‑lung cancer drugs with high efficiency and low toxicity. In the present study, the effects of isofraxidin on lung cancer cells and the associated mechanisms were investigated. The results revealed that, in vivo and in vitro, isofraxidin exhibited marked inhibitory effects on the A549 lung cancer cell line...
May 3, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Weimin Zhang, Qichen Cui, Weifeng Qu, Xiaoyun Ding, Donglin Jiang, Hongcheng Liu
The present study aimed to analyze the differentially expressed genes related to the tripartite motif containing 58 (TRIM58)/cg26157385 methylation sites, and consequently to provide theoretical basis for elucidating the influence of TRIM58/cg26157385 methylation on lung cancer prognosis. Methylation‑sequencing information, mRNA expression profiling data and clinical data were downloaded from cBioPortal database to screen out candidate genes related to the methylation of TRIM58/cg26157385 in squamous cell lung carcinoma...
May 8, 2018: Oncology Reports
Qiushi Wang, Ge Gao, Tianshun Zhang, Ke Yao, Hanyong Chen, Mi Hee Park, Hiroyuki Yamamoto, Keke Wang, Weiya Ma, Margarita Malakhova, Ann M Bode, Zigang Dong
Tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR)-associated factor 1 (TRAF1) is a unique TRAF protein that can interact directly or indirectly with multiple TNFR family members, regulatory proteins, kinases, and adaptors that contribute to its diverse functions in specific tissues. However, the role of TRAF1 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains unknown. In this study, we report that TRAF1 is overexpressed in human lung cancer cells and tissues. TRAF1 expression level inversely correlated with patient survival probability...
May 10, 2018: Cancer Research
Stella Liong, Gillian Barker, Martha Lappas
Preeclampsia affects 5% of all pregnancies and is a serious disorder of pregnancy, characterised by high maternal blood pressure, placental hypoxia, fluid retention (oedema) and proteinuria. Women with preeclampsia are associated with exaggerated levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, chemokines and anti-angiogenic factors such as soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFLT1). Studies in non-gestational tissues have described the bromodomain (BRD) and extraterminal family of proteins, in particular BRD4 to play a critical role in propagating inflammation and is currently a therapeutic target for treating cancer, lung inflammation and asthma...
June 2018: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
Yu-Tong He, Ya-Chen Zhang, Gao-Feng Shi, Qi Wang, Qian Xu, Di Liang, Yu Du, Dao-Juan Li, Jing Jin, Bao-En Shan
OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary nodules have become common incidental findings with the widespread use of computed tomography (CT) technology. Such nodules have the potential to become early lung cancer lesions, so understanding more about factors that may be associated with them is important. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present work was based on a large prospective cohort comprising 32,438 participants in Hebei Province (China) between January 2014 and March 2016. Participants aged 40-75 years completed a questionnaire, underwent low-dose CT (LDCT), and were followed up to March 2017...
June 2018: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
De Chen, Linjie Luo, Chao Liang
S100A16 is a conserved member of the S100 protein family in mammals. Its upregulation was observed in many tumors and is related to malignant transformation. In this study, we explored the independent prognostic value of S100A16 in terms of overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) by performing a retrospective study, using data in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA)-lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). Besides, by using deep sequencing data in TCGA-LUAD, we also explored the association between S100A16 expression and its DNA methylation and copy number alterations (CNAs)...
2018: PloS One
Marco Casciaro, Eleonora Di Salvo, Teresa Brizzi, Carmelo Rodolico, Sebastiano Gangemi
Background: Micro-RNA represent a great family of small non-condign ribonucleic acid molecules; in particular microRNA-126 is an important member of this family and is expressed in many human cells such as cardiomyocytes, endothelial and lung cells. Some studies have shown the implication of miR-126 in cancer, but recently significant progresses have also been made in determining the role of miR-126 regulating immune-related diseases; probably, in a near future, they could potentially serve as diagnostic biomarkers or therapeutic targets...
2018: Clinical and Molecular Allergy: CMA
Binwu Hu, Huiqian Fan, Xiao Lv, Songfeng Chen, Zengwu Shao
Background: CXCL5 is a member of the CXC-type chemokine family, which has been found to play important roles in tumorigenesis and cancer progression. Recent studies have demonstrated that CXCL5 could serve as a potential prognostic biomarker for cancer patients. However, the prognostic value of CXCL5 is still controversial. Methods: We systematically searched PubMed, Embase and Web of Science to obtain all relevant articles investigating the prognostic significance of CXCL5 expression in cancer patients...
2018: Cancer Cell International
Hongfang Li, Aimei Zhang, Yanlei Hao, Hongzhi Guan, Zhanyun Lv
RATIONALE: Autoimmune encephalitis and Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome are classic paraneoplastic neurological conditions common in patients with small cell lung cancer. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient complained of tiredness, fluctuating recent memory loss, and inability to find his home. His family members reported a change in character, irritability, and paranoia. One month later, the patient had 1 grand mal seizure lasting 5 minutes. DIAGNOSIS: The patient was diagnosed with limbic encephalitis combined with Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
M Lee Schmidt, Katharine R Hobbing, Howard Donninger, Geoffrey J Clark
Mutant K-RAS has been shown to have both tumor-promoting and -suppressing functions, and growing evidence suggests that the RASSF family of tumor suppressors can act as RAS apoptosis and senescence effectors. It has been hypothesized that inactivation of the RASSF1A tumor suppressor facilitates K-RAS-mediated transformation by uncoupling it from apoptotic pathways such as the Hippo pathway. In human lung tumors, combined activation of K-RAS and inactivation of RASSF1A is closely associated with the development of the most aggressive and worst prognosis tumors...
May 7, 2018: Cancer Research
Fang Ding, Di Wang, Xu-Kun Li, Lin Yang, Hui-Ying Liu, Wei Cui, Zhi-Hua Liu, Yi-Qun Che
BACKGROUND: S100A14 is a member of the S100 calcium-binding protein family that exerts important phenotypic effects on cell proliferation, apoptosis, differentiation, and motility. However, the functional role and potential clinical significance of S100A14 in lung adenocarcinoma has not yet been clarified. METHODS: We analyzed genomic alterations of S100A14 using The Cancer Genome Atlas lung adenocarcinoma genomic dataset. S100A14 displayed significant copy number amplification in lung adenocarcinoma...
May 7, 2018: Thoracic Cancer
Guowei Shang, Yang Mi, Yingwu Mei, Guanghui Wang, Yadong Wang, Xinjie Li, Yisheng Wang, Yuebai Li, Guoqiang Zhao
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression during stem cell growth, proliferation and differentiation. miRNAs are also involved in the development and progression of a number of cancer types, including osteosarcoma (OS). miR-192 is significantly downregulated in various tumors, including lung, bladder and rectal cancer. miR-192 expression is associated with the migration and invasion of OS cells. However, the expression of miR-192 and its effects on the development of OS have not been reported...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
Ru Huang, Lei Gao
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most commonly diagnosed subtype of lung cancer, and the leading cause of cancer-associated mortalities worldwide. However, NSCLC is typically diagnosed at a late stage of disease due to a lack of effective diagnostic methods. In the present study, the GSE19804 dataset was obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus, and a number of differentially expressed genes were identified between NSCLC and adjacent normal tissues. Based on functional and pathway enrichment analyses, five hub genes (cell-division cycle 20, centromere protein F, kinesin family member 2C, BUB1 mitotic checkpoint serine/threonine kinase and ZW10 interacting kinetochore protein) were selected...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
Li Yanwei, Fang Minghui, Quan Manman, Yan Zhuchun, Liu Dongying, Pan Zhanyu
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine the effects of wellness education (WE) intervention on the behavioral change, psychological status, performance status on patients with stage IV non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) undergoing icotinib hydrochloride treatment and their relationships with family caregivers. METHODS: We conducted an intervention study involving 126 individuals with confirmed activating epidermal growth factor receptor mutation-positive stage IV NSCLC who received icotinib hydrochloride as first-line therapy between January 2014 and January 2016; their caregivers were also included in the study...
April 11, 2018: Current Problems in Cancer
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