keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cycloserine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705984/draft-genome-sequence-of-eggerthia-catenaformis-strain-mar1-isolated-from-saliva-of-healthy-humans
#1
M Ajijur Rahman, Peter Mullany, Adam P Roberts
Here, we report the draft genome sequence of Eggerthia catenaformis MAR1 isolated during a screen for d-cycloserine-resistant bacteria from the saliva of healthy humans. Analysis of the genome reveals that the strain has the potential to be a human pathogen and carries genes related to virulence and antibiotic resistance.
July 13, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705770/in%C3%A2-vitro-activity-of-aminoglycosides-clofazimine-d-cycloserine-and-dapsone-against-83-mycobacterium-avium-complex-clinical-isolates
#2
Chen-Cheng Huang, Ming-Feng Wu, Hui-Chen Chen, Wei-Chang Huang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Treatment success rates for Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) diseases range from 50% to 55% only. To explore effective antimicrobials against either Mycobacteriumintracellulare or M. avium, we determined in vitro activities of five aminoglycosides, clofazimine, dapsone and d-cycloserine compared with primary (clarithromycin) and secondary (moxifloxacin and linezolid) antimycobacterial agents. METHODS: 83 non-duplicate clinical MAC isolates were collected from sputum and identified at the species level by PCR and restriction enzyme analysis of the 65 kDa hsp and rpoB genes...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701225/association-of-schizophrenia-onset-age-and-white-matter-integrity-with-treatment-effect-of-d-cycloserine-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-double-blind-crossover-study
#3
Kazuo Takiguchi, Akihito Uezato, Michio Itasaka, Hidenori Atsuta, Kenji Narushima, Naoki Yamamoto, Akeo Kurumaji, Makoto Tomita, Kazunari Oshima, Kosaku Shoda, Mai Tamaru, Masahito Nakataki, Mitsutoshi Okazaki, Sayuri Ishiwata, Yasuyoshi Ishiwata, Masato Yasuhara, Kunimasa Arima, Tetsuro Ohmori, Toru Nishikawa
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that drugs which promote the N-Methyl-D-aspartate-type glutamate receptor function by stimulating the glycine modulatory site in the receptor improve negative symptoms and cognitive dysfunction in schizophrenia patients being treated with antipsychotic drugs. METHODS: We performed a placebo-controlled double-blind crossover study involving 41 schizophrenia patients in which D-cycloserine 50 mg/day was added-on, and the influence of the onset age and association with white matter integrity on MR diffusion tensor imaging were investigated for the first time...
July 12, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698044/resistance-to-first-and-second-line-antituberculosis-drugs-in-southern-taiwan-implications-for-empirical-treatment
#4
Cheng-Yu Kuo, Wen-Hung Wang, Chung-Hao Huang, Yen-Hsu Chen, Po-Liang Lu
BACKGROUND: Multidrug-resistant and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis infections cause public health concerns worldwide. Local epidemiologic data about the drug resistance of Mycobacteriumtuberculosis isolate (Mtb) is critical to guide appropriate empirical therapy to cure patients and restrain the spread of tuberculosis. METHODS: Antituberculosis susceptibility testing was performed for 287 Mtbs, including 63 MDR-Mtbs collected in southern Taiwan from 2011 to 2015...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671605/glycine-binding-site-stimulants-of-nmda-receptors-alleviate-extrapyramidal-motor-disorders-by-activating-the-nigrostriatal-dopaminergic-pathway
#5
Saki Shimizu, Shunsaku Sogabe, Ryoto Yanagisako, Akiyoshi Inada, Megumi Yamanaka, Higor A Iha, Yukihiro Ohno
Dysfunction of the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor has been implicated in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. Although agonists for the glycine-binding sites of NMDA receptors have potential as new medication for schizophrenia, their modulation of antipsychotic-induced extrapyramidal side effects (EPS) has not yet been clarified. We herein evaluated the effects of glycine-binding site stimulants of NMDA receptors on antipsychotic-induced EPS in mice and rats. d-cycloserine (DCS) and d-serine significantly improved haloperidol (HAL)-induced bradykinesia in mice, whereas glycine showed no effects...
July 3, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669783/gabaergic-signaling-within-the-basolateral-amygdala-complex-modulates-resistance-to-the-labilization-reconsolidation-process
#6
Pablo Javier Espejo, Pharm D Vanesa Ortiz, Irene Delia Martijena, Victor Alejandro Molina
It is well known that stress can affect mnemonic processes. In particular, stress before contextual fear conditioning induces a memory which exhibits resistance to being interfered with by Midazolam (MDZ) when applied after memory retrieval. Moreover, stress exposure strongly affects GABAergic transmission within the Basolateral Amygdala Complex (BLA), a brain structure critically involved in fear memory processing. The present study evaluated the involvement of GABAergic signaling within the BLA on the induction of resistance to memory reconsolidation interference...
June 29, 2017: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632204/successful-pharmacotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-severe-feeding-aversion-with-mechanistic-insights-from-cross-species-neuronal-remodeling
#7
W G Sharp, A G Allen, K H Stubbs, K K Criado, R Sanders, C E McCracken, R G Parsons, L Scahill, S L Gourley
Pediatric feeding disorders affect up to 5% of children, causing severe food intake problems that can result in serious medical and developmental outcomes. Behavioral intervention (BI) is effective in extinguishing feeding aversions, and also expert-dependent, time/labor-intensive and not well understood at a neurobiological level. Here we first conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial comparing BI with BI plus d-cycloserine (DCS). DCS is a partial N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor agonist shown to augment extinction therapies in multiple anxiety disorders...
June 20, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588223/d-cycloserine-increases-the-effectiveness-of-vancomycin-against-vancomycin-highly-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus
#8
Fumiaki Tabuchi, Yasuhiko Matsumoto, Masaki Ishii, Keita Tatsuno, Mitsuhiro Okazaki, Tomoaki Sato, Kyoji Moriya, Kazuhisa Sekimizu
Vancomycin is a widely used clinical drug to treat for infection by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Some patients show a weak response to vancomycin treatment. We previously reported that β-lactams increase the susceptibility to vancomycin by vancomycin-highly resistant S. aureus (VRSA) strains obtained following repeated in vitro mutagenesis and vancomycin selection. Here we found that the susceptibility of the VRSA strains to vancomycin was remarkably increased by combined treatment with D-cycloserine...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588066/identification-of-aicp-as-a-glun2c-selective-nmda-receptor-superagonist-at-the-glun1-glycine-site
#9
Maja Jessen, Kristen Frederiksen, Feng Yi, Rasmus P Clausen, Kasper B Hansen, Hans Brauner-Osborne, Paul Kilburn, Anders Damholt
NMDA-type ionotropic glutamate receptors mediate excitatory neurotransmission in the central nervous system and are critically involved in brain function. NMDA receptors are also implicated in psychiatric and neurological disorders and have received considerable attention as therapeutic targets. In this regard, administration of D-cycloserine (DCS), which is a glycine site NMDA receptor agonist, can enhance extinction of conditioned fear responses. The intriguing behavioral effects of DCS have been linked to its unique pharmacological profile among NMDA receptor subtypes (GluN1/2A-D), in which DCS is a superagonist at GluN2C-containing receptors compared to glycine and a partial agonist at GluN2B-containing receptors...
June 6, 2017: Molecular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574862/the-role-of-micrornas-in-the-therapeutic-action-of-d-cycloserine-in-a-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-animal-model-an-exploratory-study
#10
Stefanie Malan-Müller, Lorren Fairbairn, Stephanie Hart, Willie M U Daniels, Mahjoubeh Jalali Sefid Dashti, Martin Kidd, Soraya Seedat, Junaid Gamieldien, Sîan M J Hemmings
OBJECTIVES: Post-traumatic stress disorder is characterized by impaired fear extinction and excessive anxiety. D-Cycloserine (DCS) has previously been shown to facilitate fear extinction and decrease anxiety in animal and human studies. This study utilized a contextual fear-conditioning animal model to investigate the involvement of microRNAs (miRNAs) in fear extinction and the reduction of anxiety, as mediated by the co-administration of DCS and behavioural fear extinction. METHODS: Fear conditioning consisted of an electric foot shock; fear extinction consisted of behavioural fear extinction co-administered with either DCS or saline...
June 1, 2017: Psychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552337/one-pot-microwave-assisted-stereoselective-synthesis-of-novel-dihydro-2-h-spiro-indene-2-1-pyrrolo-3-4-c-pyrrole-tetraones-and-evaluation-of-their-antimycobacterial-activity-and-inhibition-of-ache
#11
Chelliah Bharkavi, Sundaravel Vivek Kumar, Mohamed Ashraf Ali, Hasnah Osman, Shanmugam Muthusubramanian, Subbu Perumal
An efficient one-pot microwave assisted stereoselective synthesis of novel dihydro-2'H-spiro[indene-2,1'-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole]-tetraone derivatives through three-component 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of azomethine ylides generated in situ from ninhydrin and sarcosine with a series of 1-aryl-1H-pyrrole-2,5-diones is described. The synthesised compounds were screened for their antimycobacterial and AChE inhibition activities. Compound 4b (IC50 1.30µM) has been found to display twelve fold antimycobacterial activity compared to cycloserine and it is thirty seven times more active than pyrimethamine...
May 17, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546693/disseminated-rhinosporidiosis-with-conjunctival-involvement-in-an-immunocompromised-patient
#12
Deepa John, Satheesh S T Selvin, Aparna Irodi, Pushpa Jacob
Rhinosporidiosis is a granulomatous infection of mucocutaneous tissue caused by Rhinosporidium seeberi that most commonly occurs in the nasal cavity. Ocular rhinosporidiosis affects primarily the conjunctiva. Diagnosis of rhinosporidiosis is based on strong clinical suspicion and is confirmed by histopathological examination. We report a rare case of conjunctival rhinosporidiosis in an immunocompromised patient (human immunodeficiency virus) with disseminated cutaneous rhinosporidiosis. A 44-year-old male presented with a swelling in the right upper eyelid for 6 months...
January 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542026/combination-drug-therapy-of-pioglitazone-and-d-cycloserine-attenuates-chronic-orofacial-neuropathic-pain-and-anxiety-by-improving-mitochondrial-function-following-trigeminal-nerve-injury
#13
Danielle N Lyons, Liping Zhang, Jignesh D Pandya, Robert J Danaher, Fei Ma, Craig S Miller, Patrick G Sullivan, Cristian Sirbu, Karin N Westlund
OBJECTIVES: The study aim was to determine how peripheral trigeminal nerve injury affects mitochondrial respiration and to test efficacy of combined treatment with two FDA approved drugs with potential for improving mitochondrial bioenergetics, pain and anxiety related behaviors in a chronic orofacial neuropathic pain mouse model. METHODS: Efficacy of (R)-(+)-4-amino-3-isoxazolidinone (D-cycloserine, DCS), an NMDA antagonist/agonist, and Pioglitazone (PIO), a selective agonist of nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) was investigate in the trigeminal inflammatory compression (TIC) neuropathic nerve injury mouse model...
May 24, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539642/combinatory-evaluation-of-transcriptome-and-metabolome-profiles-of-low-temperature-induced-resistant-ascites-syndrome-in-broiler-chickens
#14
Shourong Shi, Yiru Shen, Shan Zhang, Zhenhua Zhao, Zhuocheng Hou, Huaijun Zhou, Jianmin Zou, Yuming Guo
To select metabolic biomarkers and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) associated with resistant-ascites syndrome (resistant-AS), we used innovative techniques such as metabolomics and transcriptomics to comparatively examine resistant-AS chickens and AS controls. Metabolomic evaluation of chicken serum using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadruple time-of-flight high-sensitivity mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF/HSMS) showed significantly altered lysoPC(18:1), PE(18:3/16:0), PC(20:1/18:3), DG(24:1/22:6/0:0), PS(18:2/18:0), PI(16:0/16:0), PS(18:0/18:1), PS(14:1/14:0), dihydroxyacetone, ursodeoxycholic acid, tryptophan, L-valine, cycloserine, hypoxanthine, and 4-O-Methylmelleolide concentrations on day 21 and LysoPC(18:0), LysoPE(20:1/0:0), LysoPC(16:0), LysoPE(16:0/0:0), hypoxanthine, dihydroxyacetone, 4-O-Methylmelleolide, LysoPC(18:2), and PC(14:1/22:1) concentrations on day 35, between the susceptible and resistant groups...
May 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533156/identification-and-characterization-of-lbpa-an-indigoidine-biosynthetic-gene-in-the-%C3%AE-butyrolactone-signaling-system-of-streptomyces-lavendulae-fri-5
#15
Ivy Grace Umadhay Pait, Shigeru Kitani, Yohanes Novi Kurniawan, Maeda Asa, Takashi Iwai, Haruo Ikeda, Takuya Nihira
Streptomyces lavendulae FRI-5 produces the blue pigment indigoidine and other secondary metabolites (d-cycloserine and nucleoside antibiotics). The production of these useful compounds is controlled by a signaling cascade mediated by the γ-butyrolactone autoregulator IM-2. Previously we revealed that the far regulatory island includes the IM-2 receptor, the IM-2 biosynthetic enzyme, and several transcriptional regulators, and that it contributes to the regulation of indigoidine production in response to the signaling molecule...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512009/combining-d-cycloserine-with-appetitive-extinction-learning-modulates-amygdala-activity-during-recall
#16
Claudia Ebrahimi, Stefan P Koch, Eva Friedel, Ilsoray Crespo, Thomas Fydrich, Andreas Ströhle, Andreas Heinz, Florian Schlagenhauf
Appetitive Pavlovian conditioning plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of drug addiction and conditioned reward cues can trigger craving and relapse even after long phases of abstinence. Promising preclinical work showed that the NMDA-receptor partial agonist D-cycloserine (DCS) facilitates Pavlovian extinction learning of fear and drug cues. Furthermore, DCS-augmented exposure therapy seems to be beneficial in various anxiety disorders, while the supposed working mechanism of DCS during human appetitive or aversive extinction learning is still not confirmed...
May 13, 2017: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442740/deciphering-the-mode-of-action-of-cell-wall-inhibiting-antibiotics-using-metabolic-labeling-of-growing-peptidoglycan-in-streptococcus-pyogenes
#17
Atsushi Sugimoto, Asuka Maeda, Kaori Itto, Hirokazu Arimoto
Because of the scanty pipeline of antibiotics newly obtained from nature, chemical modification of established drugs is one of the major streams of current antibacterial research. Intuitive and easy-to-use assays are critical for identifying drug candidates with novel modes of action. In this study, we demonstrated that metabolic fluorescent staining of growing cell walls is a powerful tool for mode-of-action analyses of antibiotics using Streptococcus pyogenes. A set of major cell-wall-inhibiting antibiotics (bacitracin, D-cycloserine, flavomycin, oxacillin, ramoplanin, and vancomycin) was employed to validate the potential of the assay...
April 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438367/the-effect-of-dietary-supplements-on-clinical-aspects-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Maria Gogou, George Kolios
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder is associated with significant social and financial burden and no definite treatment for this entity has been identified, yet. In recent years there has been an increasing interest in the use of dietary interventions as a complementary therapeutic option for these patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review is to provide high evidence level literature data about the effect of dietary supplements on clinical aspects of children with autism...
April 21, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408267/population-pharmacokinetics-of-moxifloxacin-cycloserine-p-aminosalicylic-acid-and-kanamycin-for-the-treatment-of-multi-drug-resistant-tuberculosis
#19
Min Jung Chang, Byunghak Jin, Jung-Woo Chae, Hwi-Yeol Yun, Eun Sun Kim, Yeon Joo Lee, Young-Jae Cho, Ho Il Yoon, Choon-Taek Lee, Kyoung Un Park, Junghan Song, Jae-Ho Lee, Jong Sun Park
Control of multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) requires extensive, supervised chemotherapy because second-line anti-TB drugs have a narrower therapeutic range than first-line drugs. This study aimed to develop population pharmacokinetic (PK) models for second-line drugs in patients with MDR-TB, evaluate the recommended dosage regimens and, if necessary, suggest new dosage regimens. A prospective, single-centre PK study was performed on second-line anti-TB drugs in patients with MDR-TB. Moxifloxacin, cycloserine, p-aminosalicylic acid (PAS), kanamycin and other second-line drugs were administered to the patients...
June 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377177/enhancing-and-impairing-extinction-of-habit-memory-through-modulation-of-nmda-receptors-in-the-dorsolateral-striatum
#20
Jarid Goodman, Reed L Ressler, Mark G Packard
The present experiments investigated the involvement of N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors of the dorsolateral striatum (DLS) in consolidation of extinction in a habit memory task. Adult male Long-Evans rats were initially trained in a food-reinforced response learning version of a plus-maze task and were subsequently given extinction training in which the food was removed from the maze. In experiment 1, immediately after the first day of extinction training, rats received bilateral intra-DLS injections of the NMDA receptor antagonist 2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid (AP5; 2µg/side) or physiological saline...
June 3, 2017: Neuroscience
keyword
keyword
107137
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"