keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Tongue Pathology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034220/head-and-neck-lymphoma-in-an-iranian-population
#1
Nafiseh Shamloo, Alireza Ghannadan, Mahsa Jafari, Samane Ahmadi, Hamed Mortazavi, Maryam Baharvand
INTRODUCTION: This study is aimed to assess the prevalence and characteristics of head and neck lymphoma in a defined group of an Iranian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, 126,450 biopsy reports from two referral Pathology Departments, (Tehran, the capital of Iran) were evaluated. In cases with head and neck lymphoma, other variables such as age, sex, specific location of lesions, and histopathological findings were recorded. Descriptive statistics were used to measure the prevalence and characteristics of head and neck lymphoma by means of SPSS soft ware, version 18...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025723/setting-the-stage-for-2018-how-the-changes-in-the-american-joint-committee-on-cancer-union-for-international-cancer-control-cancer-staging-manual-eighth-edition-impact-radiologists
#2
C M Glastonbury, S K Mukherji, B O'Sullivan, W M Lydiatt
The updated eighth edition of the Cancer Staging Manual of the American Joint Committee on Cancer will be implemented in January 2018. There are multiple changes to the head and neck section of the manual, which will be relevant to radiologists participating in multidisciplinary head and neck tumor boards and reading pretreatment head and neck cancer scans. Human papillomavirus-related/p16(+) oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma will now be staged separately; this change reflects the markedly better prognosis of these tumors compared with non-human papillomavirus/p16(-) oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma...
October 12, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023300/thyroglossal-duct-cyst-at-the-base-of-tongue-the-emerging-role-of-transoral-endoscopic-assisted-surgery
#3
Mario Turri-Zanoni, Paolo Battaglia, Paolo Castelnuovo
Cystic lesions involving the tongue base are rare, generally presenting in pediatric patients, and they may encompass different pathologies such as ranula, lingual ectopic thyroid, thyroglossal duct cyst (TDC), dysontogenetic cysts, benign, and malignant tumors.This paper describes the case of a 19-year-old girl with phonation impairment and mild dysphagia due to limited tongue protrusion and movements. Radiologic examinations revealed a bulky cystic lesion at the base of tongue with displacement of extrinsic lingual muscles...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973050/phosphorylation-of-p38-in-trigeminal-ganglion-neurons-contributes-to-tongue-heat-hypersensitivity-in-mice
#4
Mitsuru Maruno, Masamichi Shinoda, Kuniya Honda, Reio Ito, Kentaro Urata, Masahiro Watanabe, Shinji Okada, Jun Lee, Nobuhito Gionhaku, Koichi Iwata
AIMS: To develop a tongue pain model with no mucosal pathologic changes and to examine whether phosphorylation of p38 in trigeminal ganglion (TG) neurons innervating the tongue is associated with tongue heat hypersensitivity in mice. METHODS: Tongue heat sensitivity in mice was assessed following application of the irritant 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) to the tongue. After TNBS application, the expressions of p38, phosphorylated p38 (pp38), and transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) were examined in TG neurons innervating the tongue...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970792/parkinson-disease-detection-from-speech-articulation-neuromechanics
#5
Pedro Gómez-Vilda, Jiri Mekyska, José M Ferrández, Daniel Palacios-Alonso, Andrés Gómez-Rodellar, Victoria Rodellar-Biarge, Zoltan Galaz, Zdenek Smekal, Ilona Eliasova, Milena Kostalova, Irena Rektorova
Aim: The research described is intended to give a description of articulation dynamics as a correlate of the kinematic behavior of the jaw-tongue biomechanical system, encoded as a probability distribution of an absolute joint velocity. This distribution may be used in detecting and grading speech from patients affected by neurodegenerative illnesses, as Parkinson Disease. Hypothesis: The work hypothesis is that the probability density function of the absolute joint velocity includes information on the stability of phonation when applied to sustained vowels, as well as on fluency if applied to connected speech...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968362/ultrasonography-in-peripheral-nervous-system-diagnosis
#6
Francis O Walker
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: High-resolution ultrasound has made it possible to view most nerves and muscles in real time and to identify pathologic change in size, echo texture, and vascularity. This article focuses on the principles underlying ultrasound imaging and the application of ultrasound imaging to clinical disorders commonly seen in an electrodiagnostic laboratory. RECENT FINDINGS: Ultrasound is a sensitive and specific tool for evaluating myopathic and neurogenic muscle disease...
October 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960621/survival-outcomes-for-postoperative-chemoradiation-in-intermediate-risk-oral-tongue-cancers
#7
Michael T Spiotto, Gina D Jefferson, Barry Wenig, Michael R Markiewicz, Ralph R Weichselbaum, Matthew Koshy
BACKGROUND: The survival outcomes for surgery + postoperative radiotherapy (S+RT) or surgery + postoperative chemoradiation (S+CRT) was compared in patients having oral tongue cancers with intermediate-risk pathological features. METHODS: Using the National Cancer Database (NCDB), overall survival (OS) for S+RT or S+CRT was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier methods and Cox proportional hazard models in the entire population (n = 2803) and in a propensity-matched cohort (n = 1136)...
September 27, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960470/three-dimensional-reconstruction-with-serial-whole-mount-sections-of-oral-tongue-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-preliminary-study
#8
Yujia Wang, Sheng Chen, Yanhong Ni, Derek Magee, Yumei Pu, Qian Zhou, Zhiyong Wang, Lei Zhang, Xiaofeng Huang, Qingang Hu
OBJECTIVES: Margin status and invasion pattern are prognostic factors for oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC). Current methods to identify these factors are limited to 2D observation, it is necessary to explore 3D reconstruction with whole-mount sample to improve analysis accuracy. This study aimed to study the tissue-preparation, section generation and 3D reconstruction with whole-mount OTSCC specimen. STUDY DESIGN: Two OTSCC samples were retrieved from Nanjing Stomatological Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952077/clinico-pathological-findings-in-natural-cases-of-mascadera-in-goats
#9
J F Micheloud, T A Vera, L A Colque Caro, E J Gimeno
"Mascadera" is a chronic emaciating neuropathy affecting goats; it produces significant economic losses in many regions and its cause is unknown. Here, the histological lesions found in 15 animals naturally affected by the disease are described. Complete necropsy was performed and tissue samples were collected for histopathological study. Severe atrophy of the masseter and buccinator muscles and tongue was observed, as well as vacuolar degeneration of neurons in the nuclei of the trigeminal, facial, and glossopharyngeal nerves...
September 27, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939077/genomic-characterization-of-tobacco-nut-chewing-hpv-negative-early-stage-tongue-tumors-identify-mmp10-asa-candidate-to-predict-metastases
#10
Pawan Upadhyay, Nilesh Gardi, Sanket Desai, Pratik Chandrani, Asim Joshi, Bhaskar Dharavath, Priyanca Arora, Munita Bal, Sudhir Nair, Amit Dutt
OBJECTIVES: Nodal metastases status among early stage tongue squamous cell cancer patients plays a decisive role in the choice of treatment, wherein about 70% patients can be spared from surgery with an accurate prediction of negative pathological lymph node status. This underscores an unmet need for prognostic biomarkers to stratify the patients who are likely to develop metastases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed high throughput sequencing of fifty four samples derived from HPV negative early stage tongue cancer patients habitual of chewing betel nuts, areca nuts, lime or tobacco using whole exome (n=47) and transcriptome (n=17) sequencing that were analyzed using in-house computational tools...
October 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937280/lingual-tonsillolith-prevalence-and-imaging-characteristics-evaluated-on-2244-pairs-of-panoramic-radiographs-and-ct-images
#11
Akira Takahashi, Chieko Sugawara, Keiko Kudoh, Yoshiko Yamamura, Go Ohe, Tetsuya Tamatani, Youji Miyamoto
OBJECTIVES: Lingual tonsilloliths are not as well-known to radiologists than palatine tonsilloliths, although they might be common in clinical practice. The aim of this investigation was to clarify the prevalence and imaging characteristics of lingual tonsilloliths using panoramic radiographs and computed tomography (CT) images. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study included 2244 patients without pathology at the base of tongue who underwent panoramic radiography and CT of the maxillofacial region...
September 20, 2017: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936296/oral-lymphoepithelial-cyst-a-clinicopathological-study-of-26-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Maria Sykara, Panagiotis Ntovas, Eleni-Marina Kalogirou, Konstantinos I Tosios, Alexandra Sklavounou
INTRODUCTION: Τo describe the clinicopathological features of 26 oral lymphoepithelial cysts (LECs) and review the literature. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-six cases of oral LECs diagnosed during a 37-year period were retrospectively collected. The patients' gender and age, as well as the main clinical features of the cysts were retrieved from the requisition forms. The main microscopic features were recorded after reevaluation of all cases. Pubmed and Google Scholar electronic databases were searched with the key word "oral LEC"...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932055/eosinophilic-ulcer-of-the-tongue-masquerading-as-malignant-ulcer-an-unexplored-distinct-pathology
#13
Kunal Sah, Sunira Chandra, Anil Singh, Shweta Singh
Eosinophilic ulcer (EU) is a rare self-limiting chronic benign ulcerative lesion of the oral mucosa often misdiagnosed as oral malignancy. Its etiopathogenesis is ambiguous, but trauma plays an important role in the development. Microscopically, it is characterized by a polymorphic inflammatory infiltrate with a prominent eosinophilic component and large mononuclear cells extending deep into the submucosa, underlying muscle and salivary glands. We discuss a case of EU in a 55-year-old male, which presented with a symptomatic nonhealing ulcer on the right lateral border of the tongue and was further clinically misdiagnosed as malignant ulcer...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923272/the-spectrum-of-oral-lesions-presenting-clinically-with-papillary-verrucous-features
#14
Sara Whitefield, Vadim Raiser, Amir Shuster, Shlomi Kleinman, Benjamin Shlomi, Ilana Kaplan
PURPOSE: We sought to study the spectrum of oral pathologies presenting clinically with papillary-verrucous features. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 10-year (2007 to 2016) retrospective study of oral papillary lesions was undertaken. All biopsy reports that included a clinical description of papillary or verrucous architecture were retrieved. The data collected included clinical features, size, color, location, histopathologic diagnosis, age, and gender. RESULTS: The study included 137 patients, with a total of 150 lesions...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921845/detection-and-delineation-of-squamous-neoplasia-with-hyperspectral-imaging-in-a-mouse-model-of-tongue-carcinogenesis
#15
Guolan Lu, Dongsheng Wang, Xulei Qin, Susan Muller, Xu Wang, Amy Y Chen, Zhuo Georgia Chen, Baowei Fei
yperspectral imaging (HSI) holds the potential for the noninvasive detection of cancers. Oral cancers are often diagnosed at a late stage when treatment is less effective and the mortality and morbidity rates are high. Early detection of oral cancer is, therefore, crucial in order to improve the clinical outcomes. To investigate the potential of HSI as a non-invasive diagnostic tool, an animal study was designed to acquire hyperspectral images of in vivo and ex vivo mouse tongues from a chemically induced tongue carcinogenesis model...
September 17, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916029/oral-mucosa-biology-and-salivary-biomarkers
#16
Rosie Qin, Andrea Steel, Nasim Fazel
Although the surfaces of both the skin and oral mucosa are protected by squamous epithelial cells and fall within the scope of dermatologic practice, the oral cavity contains highly specialized structures and functions distinct from other skin biology and pathologic conditions and are also the purview of clinicians who care for patients with skin and mucosal diseases. We describe the distinct features of the tongue, mucosa, and salivary glands. In particular, we examine the composition and function of the saliva, with special focus on salivary biomarkers...
September 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905102/digestive-system-in-psoriasis-an-update
#17
REVIEW
Daniel Pietrzak, Aldona Pietrzak, Dorota Krasowska, Andrzej Borzęcki, Kinga Franciszkiewicz-Pietrzak, Beata Polkowska-Pruszyńska, Maja Baranowska, Kristian Reich
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory immune-mediated disorder associated and often coexisting with many other immune-related clinical conditions including those affecting the gastrointestinal tract. Data obtained from the reviewed literature suggest an association between psoriasis and pathologies of the oral cavity, both psoriasis-specific lesions, as well as non-specific, such as geographic tongue or fissured tongue. These findings show the importance of thorough examination of oral mucosa in psoriatic patients...
September 13, 2017: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891406/clinical-practice-guideline-evaluation-of-the-neck-mass-in-adults
#18
Melissa A Pynnonen, M Boyd Gillespie, Benjamin Roman, Richard M Rosenfeld, David E Tunkel, Laura Bontempo, Itzhak Brook, Davoren Ann Chick, Maria Colandrea, Sandra A Finestone, Jason C Fowler, Christopher C Griffith, Zeb Henson, Corinna Levine, Vikas Mehta, Andrew Salama, Joseph Scharpf, Deborah R Shatzkes, Wendy B Stern, Jay S Youngerman, Maureen D Corrigan
Objective Neck masses are common in adults, but often the underlying etiology is not easily identifiable. While infections cause most of the neck masses in children, most persistent neck masses in adults are neoplasms. Malignant neoplasms far exceed any other etiology of adult neck mass. Importantly, an asymptomatic neck mass may be the initial or only clinically apparent manifestation of head and neck cancer, such as squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), lymphoma, thyroid, or salivary gland cancer. Evidence suggests that a neck mass in the adult patient should be considered malignant until proven otherwise...
September 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886357/a-retrospective-volume-matched-analysis-of-the-submental-artery-island-pedicled-flap-as-compared-to-the-forearm-free-flap-is-it-a-good-alternative-choice-for-the-reconstruction-of-defects-of-the-oral-cavity-and-oropharynx
#19
Nawaf Aslam-Pervez, Steven J Caldroney, Amal Isaiah, Joshua E Lubek
PURPOSE: The submental artery island pedicled flap (SMIF) is an underused alternative for reconstruction of head and neck defects after tumor ablation. The purpose of this study was to perform a comparative evaluation of reconstructive outcomes based on surgical site and ablative defect volume in patients who underwent reconstruction with the SMIF versus the forearm free flap (FFF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of all patients with oral cavity and oropharyngeal defects reconstructed with the SMIF and a cohort of patients with similar volume defects reconstructed with the FFF were compared for oncologic safety and viability of equivalent reconstructive outcomes...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882408/dental-and-oropharyngeal-lesions-in-rats-with-chronic-acid-reflux-esophagitis
#20
Rintaro Shimazu, Mihoko Yamamoto, Akimichi Minesaki, Yuichiro Kuratomi
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we evaluated pathological changes in the tooth and pharynx of GERD rats to elucidate the association between gastric acid reflux and oral and pharyngeal diseases. METHODS: An experimental rat model of chronic acid reflux esophagitis was surgically created. The oral cavities were observed histologically every 2 weeks until 20 weeks after surgery. RESULTS: At 10 weeks after surgery, molar crown heights in GERD rats were shorter than that in control rats, and inflammatory cell infiltration by gastric acid reflux was found in the periodontal mucosa of GERD rats...
September 4, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
keyword
keyword
107136
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"