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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924998/pulmonary-vein-stenosis-with-collateralization-via-esophageal-varices-long-term-follow-up-after-successful-treatment-with-drug-eluting-stent
#1
Jason F Goldberg, Craig L Jensen, Rajesh Krishnamurthy, Nidhy P Varghese, Henri Justino
OBJECTIVE: We describe the long-term follow-up of a child with recurrent hemoptysis due to severe pulmonary vein stenosis decompressing via collaterals to esophageal varices. DESIGN: Case report SETTING: Tertiary children's hospital PATIENT: Single child through ages 2- to 11-year old INTERVENTIONS: The child underwent cutting balloon angioplasty, bare metal stenting, and implantation of a PTFE-covered stent, all of which failed rapidly. Only after placement of a paclitaxel drug eluting stent did he have prolonged relief from hemoptysis and long-term patency of the treated vein...
September 18, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924068/-endovascular-treatment-for-carotid-blowout-syndrome-after-radiation-for-esophageal-cancer-a-case-report
#2
Shigefumi Takahashi, Tomohiro Kawaguchi, Kuniyasu Niizuma, Atsuhiro Nakagawa, Miki Fujimura, Takenori Ogawa, Yukio Katori, Teiji Tominaga
Here, we discuss a case of carotid blowout syndrome successfully treated with endovascular parent artery occlusion. A 71-year-old woman underwent treatment for esophageal cancer resection, followed by 50-Gy radiotherapy, 19 years prior. Due to local recurrence, she underwent 66- and 72-Gy radiation treatments at 2 and 4 years after the initial treatment, respectively. Afterward, tracheostomy and enterostomy were performed. This time, she was transported to our emergency department because of acute eruptive bleeding from the tracheal tube...
September 2017: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881900/changes-in-esophageal-motility-after-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-superficial-esophageal-cancer-a-high-resolution-manometry-study
#3
K Takahashi, Y Sato, M Takeuchi, H Sato, N Nakajima, S Ikarashi, K Hayashi, K-I Mizuno, Y Honda, S Hashimoto, J Yokoyama, S Terai
The effect of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) on esophageal motility remains unknown. Therefore, the aim of this study is to elucidate changes in esophageal motility after ESD along with the cause of dysphagia using high-resolution manometry (HRM). This is a before-and-after trial of the effect of ESD on the esophageal motility. Twenty patients who underwent ESD for superficial esophageal carcinoma were enrolled in this study. Patients filled out a questionnaire about dysphagia and underwent HRM before and after ESD...
November 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881899/polyglycolic-acid-sheet-and-fibrin-glue-for-preventing-esophageal-stricture-after-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-a-historical-control-study
#4
T Iizuka, D Kikuchi, S Hoteya, Y Kajiyama, M Kaise
There have been several reports that steroid administration is effective at preventing strictures after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). However, adverse events after steroid use are of great concern. We have reported that shielding with a polyglycolic acid (PGA) sheet and fibrin glue can be useful for prevention of stricture after ESD. We conducted a retrospective analysis of efficiency of shielding with a PGA sheet and fibrin glue for prevention of esophageal stricture compared with intralesional steroid injection...
November 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881895/balloon-based-esophageal-cryoablation-with-a-novel-focal-ablation-device-dose-finding-and-safety-in-porcine-and-human-models
#5
D W Schölvinck, S Friedland, G Triadafilopoulos, T Valli, M I van Berge Henegouwen, J J G H M Bergman, Bas L A M Weusten
The new Cryoballoon Focal Ablation System (CbFAS), a through-the-scope catheter with battery-powered handle that delivers cryogenic fluid into an inflated balloon, differs from current cryotherapy methods used for treatment of Barrett's epithelium. In this dose-finding study, short- and long-term histopathological effects and safety of the CbFAS were evaluated. Cryoablations with (supra)therapeutic durations (4-24 seconds) were performed in pigs that survived for 12 or 48 hours or 4 or 28 days. Next, cryoablations (durations based on animal data) were performed in normal mucosa of esophageal cancer patients scheduled to undergo esophagectomy...
November 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881892/influence-of-esophagectomy-on-the-gastroesophageal-reflux-in-patients-with-esophageal-cancer
#6
D Kim, Y W Min, J G Park, H Lee, B-H Min, J H Lee, P-L Rhee, J J Kim, J I Zo
This study aims to assess the influence of esophagectomy with gastric transposition on the gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and gastric acidity in patients with esophageal cancer. Data on 53 esophageal cancer patients who underwent 24-hour impedance-pH monitoring after esophagectomy were retrospectively analyzed. We used a solid-state esophageal pH probe in which the esophageal pH sensor is placed 1.5 cm distal to the upper esophageal sphincter and the gastric pH sensor is located 15 cm distal to the esophageal pH channel...
December 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843584/esophageal-triamcinolone-acetonide-filling-method-a-novel-procedure-to-prevent-stenosis-after-extensive-esophageal-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-with-videos
#7
Kotaro Shibagaki, Norihisa Ishimura, Naoki Oshima, Tsuyoshi Mishiro, Nobuhiko Fukuba, Yuji Tamagawa, Noritsugu Yamashita, Hironobu Mikami, Daisuke Izumi, Hideaki Taniguchi, Shuichi Sato, Shunji Ishihara, Yoshikazu Kinoshita
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for extensive esophageal carcinomas may cause severe stenosis requiring endoscopic balloon dilations (EBD). A standard preventing method has not been established. We propose the esophageal triamcinolone acetonide (TA)-filling method as a novel local-steroid administration procedure. METHODS: We enrolled 22 consecutive patients with early esophageal cancer who were treated using either subcircumferential or circumferential ESD (15 and 7 procedures, respectively) in this case series...
August 23, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837249/hospital-level-balloon-tamponade-use-is-associated-with-increased-mortality-for-all-patients-presenting-with-acute-variceal-haemorrhage
#8
Elliot B Tapper, Ghideon Ezaz, Vilas Patwardhan, Jessica Mellinger, Alan Bonder, Michael Curry, Sameer D Saini
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Balloon tamponade (BT) can bridge patients to salvage therapy for uncontrollable acute variceal haemorrhage (AVH). However, data are limited regarding the reasons for, rate of and outcomes associated with Balloon tamponade use. METHODS: First, we performed an single-centre cohort study of all patients (N = 139) with oesophageal acute variceal haemorrhage from 01/2009 to 10/2015. Associations between Balloon tamponade use and adherence to four quality metrics (endoscopy within 12 hours, band-ligation, pre-endoscopy antibiotics and octreotide) were evaluated...
August 24, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836246/-clinical-experience-of-combined-laparoscopic-endoscopic-heller-myotomy-and-modified-dor-fundoplication-for-cardiochalasia
#9
Xiaofang Qiao, Jinlong Li, Hua Xu, Xin Wan, Jiaming Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of combined laparoscopic-endoscopic lower esophageal sphincterotomy and modified Dor fundoplication for cardiochalasia patients. METHODS: Clinical data of 11 cardiochalasia patients who underwent combined laparoscopic-endoscopic lower esophageal sphincterotomy and modified Dor fundoplication by the same medical team from January 2015 to December 2016 at The Second Hospital of Jilin University were retrospectively analyzed. The procedure was as follows: an incision was made in the anterior wall of esophagus and dissection of esophageal muscular layer was performed, then the bulged esophageal mucosa was covered by the fundus after 180 degrees fold to the right (fundoplication), finally the gastric fundus was joined to the right diaphragmatic foot by 3 to 5 knotted suture...
August 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828360/transpulmonary-pressure-importance-and-limits
#10
REVIEW
Domenico Luca Grieco, Lu Chen, Laurent Brochard
Transpulmonary pressure (PL) is computed as the difference between airway pressure and pleural pressure and separates the pressure delivered to the lung from the one acting on chest wall and abdomen. Pleural pressure is measured as esophageal pressure (PES) through dedicated catheters provided with esophageal balloons. We discuss the role of PL in assessing the effects of mechanical ventilation in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). In the supine position, directly measured PL represents the pressure acting on the alveoli and airways...
July 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828004/feasibility-of-short-period-high-dose-intravenous-methylprednisolone-for-preventing-stricture-after-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-esophageal-cancer-a-preliminary-study
#11
Jun Nakamura, Takuto Hikichi, Ko Watanabe, Masaki Sato, Katsutoshi Obara, Hiromasa Ohira
OBJECTIVE: A wide mucosal defect after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for esophageal cancer is associated with increased risk of stricture. This study was conducted to evaluate the feasibility of short-period, high-dose intravenous methylprednisolone administration (steroid pulse therapy) in preventing post-ESD esophageal stricture. METHODS: This prospective study examined 13 lesions in 11 consecutive patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma who underwent ESD that involved three-quarters or more of the circumference of the esophagus or who had a longitudinal resected specimen diameter of ≥5 cm...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801834/current-characteristics-and-management-of-congenital-esophageal-stenosis-40-consecutive-cases-from-a-multicenter-study-in-the-kyushu-area-of-japan
#12
Masaya Suzuhigashi, Tatsuru Kaji, Hiroyuki Noguchi, Mitsuru Muto, Michiko Goto, Motoi Mukai, Kazuhiko Nakame, Takafumi Kawano, Waka Yamada, Koji Yamada, Shun Onishi, Satoshi Ieiri
PURPOSE: Congenital esophageal stenosis (CES) is rare, and the available clinical data are limited. We explored the current diagnosis, treatment and outcomes of CES. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was performed using medical records at pediatric surgical centers in the Kyushu area. RESULTS: Over 10 years, 40 patients (24 males) had CES. The incidence of associated anomalies was 52.5% (21/40), and that of esophageal atresia was 20.0% (8/40)...
August 11, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770541/optimal-esophageal-balloon-volume-for-accurate-estimation-of-pleural-pressure-at-end-expiration-and-end-inspiration-an-in-vitro-bench-experiment
#13
Yan-Lin Yang, Xuan He, Xiu-Mei Sun, Han Chen, Zhong-Hua Shi, Ming Xu, Guang-Qiang Chen, Jian-Xin Zhou
BACKGROUND: Esophageal pressure, used as a surrogate for pleural pressure, is commonly measured by air-filled balloon, and the accuracy of measurement depends on the proper balloon volume. It has been found that larger filling volume is required at higher surrounding pressure. In the present study, we determined the balloon pressure-volume relationship in a bench model simulating the pleural cavity during controlled ventilation. The aim was to confirm whether an optimal balloon volume range existed that could provide accurate measurement at both end-expiration and end-inspiration...
December 2017: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763273/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-esophageal-foreign-body-or-stricture-in-three-ferrets-mustela-putorius-furo
#14
Joanna Webb, Jennifer Graham, Margaret Fordham, Julie DeCubellis, Faith Buckley, Joshua Hobbs, Allyson Berent, Chick Weisse
CASE DESCRIPTION 3 ferrets (Mustela putorius furo), aged 1 to 2 years, were referred for evaluation of a 4-day to 2-week history of gastrointestinal signs, including anorexia, regurgitation, and vomiting. CLINICAL FINDINGS All 3 ferrets had clinical signs suggestive of dysphagia or esophagitis on initial examination. Esophagoscopy, barium-contrast esophagography, or both revealed foreign bodies with mucosal inflammation in 1 patient and an esophageal foreign body with stricture in 2 patients. One of the latter ferrets had a recent history of gastrotomy to remove a foreign body...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759148/efficacy-of-prednisone-for-prevention-of-esophageal-stricture-after-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-superficial-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#15
Gaosu Zhou, Fangfang Yuan, Jizhen Cai, Xiaowei Tang, Wei Gong, Lei Su, Yali Zhang
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to investigate the efficacy and safety of oral prednisone for the prevention of esophageal stricture formation after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) in an optimal administration program. METHODS: Patients who underwent circumferential or semi-circumferential (more than three quarters but not a complete circular) ESD for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma were eligible for this study. Oral prednisolone was administered to the study group at a dose of 30 mg/day on the third day post-ESD, and then tapered gradually (30, 25, 20, 15, 10, and 5 mg for 14 days)...
September 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756531/dysphagia-in-the-elderly
#16
REVIEW
Scott M Smukalla, Irina Dimitrova, Jeremy M Feintuch, Abraham Khan
Dysphagia is a common problem in the elderly population with an especially high prevalence in hospitalized and institutionalized patients. If inadequately addressed, dysphagia leads to significant morbidity and contributes to decreased quality of life. Dysphagia can be categorized as emanating from either an oropharyngeal or esophageal process. A disproportionate number of elderly patients suffer from oropharyngeal dysphagia with a multifactorial etiology. Historically, treatment options have been limited and included mostly supportive care with a focus on dietary modification, food avoidance, and swallow rehabilitation...
July 29, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745145/magnetic-compression-stricturoplasty-for-treatment-of-refractory-esophageal-strictures-in-children-technique-and-lessons-learned
#17
Russell Woo, Christopher Marc Wong, Zachary Trimble, Devin Puapong, Shannon Koehler, Scott Miller, Sidney Johnson
INTRODUCTION: Esophageal stricture is the most common complication following repair of esophageal atresia (EA). In general, these strictures are successfully managed using endoscopic techniques including bougie and balloon dilation, stenting, and chemotherapeutic agent application. If these techniques are unsuccessful, patients require segmental esophageal resection and reanastomosis or esophageal replacement. Magnetic compression anastomosis has been described in children. Herein we report our experience with magnetic compression stricturoplasty to treat refractory strictures after EA repair...
October 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733782/catheter-ablation-of-atrial-fibrillation-an-overview-for-clinicians
#18
REVIEW
Nebojša Mujović, Milan Marinković, Radoslaw Lenarczyk, Roland Tilz, Tatjana S Potpara
Catheter ablation (CA) of atrial fibrillation (AF) is currently one of the most commonly performed electrophysiology procedures. Ablation of paroxysmal AF is based on the elimination of triggers by pulmonary vein isolation (PVI), while different strategies for additional AF substrate modification on top of PVI have been proposed for ablation of persistent AF. Nowadays, various technologies for AF ablation are available. The radiofrequency point-by-point ablation navigated by electro-anatomical mapping system and cryo-balloon technology are comparable in terms of the efficacy and safety of the PVI procedure...
July 21, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733736/effects-of-steroid-use-for-stenosis-prevention-after-wide-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-gastric-neoplasm
#19
Yoshihiro Kishida, Naomi Kakushima, Kohei Takizawa, Masaki Tanaka, Noboru Kawata, Masao Yoshida, Sayo Ito, Kenichiro Imai, Hirotoshi Ishiwatari, Kinichi Hotta, Hiroyuki Matsubayashi, Hiroyuki Ono
BACKGROUND: Stenosis is a troublesome complication after wide endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). As steroids are known to prevent post-ESD esophageal stenosis, this study aimed to clarify the gastric effects. METHODS: This was a retrospective single-institution study. Between September 2002 and June 2015, 132 patients with a post-ESD mucosal defect exceeding three-fourths of the circumference were identified. Among them, 107 patients who did not undergo additional surgery for non-curative resection were reviewed...
July 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723752/full-covered-self-expandable-metal-stents-for-the-treatment-of-anastomotic-leak-using-a-silk-thread
#20
Cheol Woong Choi, Dae Hwan Kang, Hyung Wook Kim, Su Bum Park, Su Jin Kim, Sun Hwi Hwang, Si Hak Lee
To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of fixation of the fully covered self-expandable metal stent (SEMS) placement using a silk thread for complete closure of an anastomotic leak. An anastomotic leak is a life-threatening complication after gastrectomy. Although the traditional treatment of choice was surgical re-intervention, an endoscopic SEMS can be used alternatively.During the study period, we retrospectively reviewed consecutive patients who received a modified covered SEMS capable of being fixed using a silk thread (Shim technique) due to an anastomotic leak after gastrectomy to prevent stent migration...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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