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Thyroid elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796656/hypothyroidism-potentially-linked-to-cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-retrospective-study-at-a-single-tertiary-academic-medical-center
#1
Omeed Ahadiat, Shauna Higgins, Cameron Trodello, Guy Talmor, Niels Kokot, Ashley Wysong
BACKGROUND: There are multiple known risk factors for the development of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). OBJECTIVE: To determine whether patients with cutaneous SCC have a higher prevalence of hypothyroidism than the general US population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed for patients seen at the University of Southern California with cutaneous SCC. Chart review was performed for the presence of hypothyroidism and thyroid replacement therapy before the diagnosis of SCC for each patient...
August 7, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751368/functional-correlates-of-detailed-body-composition-in-healthy-elderly-subjects
#2
Corinna Geisler, Lisa Schweitzer, Manfred James Müller
Methods of body composition analysis (BCA) are now widely used to characterize health status, i.e. nutritional status, metabolic rates and cardio-metabolic risk factors. However, the functional correlates of individual body components have not been systematically analyzed. A 2-compartment model was assessed by air displacement plethysmographie, detailed body composition (BC)was measured by whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a healthy population of 40 Caucasians aged 65 to 81 years (20 males; body mass index range: 18...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721126/the-thyroid-gland-in-postmenopausal-women-physiology-and-diseases
#3
REVIEW
Małgorzata Gietka-Czernel
The incidence of most thyroid diseases: hypothyroidism, nodular goitre, and cancer is highest among postmenopausal and elderly women. The diagnosis of thyroid dysfunction in this group of patients is difficult because the symptoms can be nonspecific or common with menopausal and ageing complaints. In the interpretation of thyroid function tests the physiological changes in secretion and metabolism of thyrotropin (TSH) and thyroid hormones must be considered, as well as the influence of comorbidities. Unrecognised thyroid dysfunction leads to increased: cardiovascular risk, bone fractures, cognitive impairment, depression, and mortality...
June 2017: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705270/serum-fetuin-a-levels-and-thyroid-function-inmiddle-aged-and-elderly-chinese
#4
Xin Ru Deng, Lin Ding, Tian Ge Wang, Min Xu, Jie Li Lu, Mian Li, Zhi Yun Zhao, Yu Hong Chen, Yu Fang Bi, Yi Ping Xu, Yu Xu
Serum fetuin-A levels are reportedly elevated in hyperthyroidism. However, there are few relevant epidemiologic studies. We conducted a cross-sectional study in Songnan community, China in 2009 to investigate the association between serum fetuin-A concentrations and thyroid function. A total of 2,984 participants aged 40 years and older were analyzed. Multivariable linear regression analysis revealed that serum fetuin-A concentra- tions were positively associated with log (free triiodothyronine) and were inversely associated with log (thyroid peroxidase antibody) after adjustment (both P < 0...
June 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685069/clinical-features-of-lenvatinib-treatment-in-elderly-patients-with-advanced-thyroid-cancer
#5
Koichi Suyama, Saori Fujiwara, Takashi Takeshita, Aiko Sueta, Touko Inao, Mutsuko Yamamoto-Ibusuki, Yutaka Yamamoto, Hirotaka Iwase
Until recently, there had not been an effective systemic chemotherapy for advanced differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC); lenvatinib, a multi-tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has been proven effective for DTC, but has also been revealed to have adverse side effects including hypertension, hand-foot syndrome (HFS) and diarrhea. There have been few clinical studies focused on the characteristics, safety concerns or precautions for lenvatinib treatment in elderly patients. The present study administered lenvatinib to 18 patients with DTC in Kumamoto University Hospital (Kumamoto, Japan), with 9 patients in both the younger group (<75 years old) and elderly group (≥75 years old)...
July 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657510/results-of-screening-in-familial-non-medullary-thyroid-cancer
#6
Joanna Klubo-Gwiezdzinska, Lily Yang, Roxanne Merkel, Dhaval Patel, Naris Nilubol, Maria J Merino, Monica Skarulis, Samira M Sadowski, Electron Kebebew
BACKGROUND: Although a family history of thyroid cancer is one of the main risk factors for thyroid cancer, the benefit of screening individuals with a family history of thyroid cancer is not known. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was performed with yearly screening using neck ultrasound and fine-needle aspiration biopsy of thyroid nodule(s) >0.5 cm in at-risk individuals whose relatives were diagnosed with familial non-medullary thyroid cancer (FNMTC)...
August 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626131/homozygous-duoxa2-mutation-p-tyr138-in-a-girl-with-congenital-hypothyroidism-and-her-apparently-unaffected-brother-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Chiho Sugisawa, Shinji Higuchi, Masaki Takagi, Yukihiro Hasegawa, Matsuo Taniyama, Kiyomi Abe, Tomonobu Hasegawa, Satoshi Narumi
Mutations in DUOXA2, encoding dual oxidase maturation factor 2, is a rare genetic cause of congenital hypothyroidism. Only four biallelic DUOXA2 mutation carriers have been described to date. This study was conducted to report the clinical and genetic findings of a DUOXA2 mutation-carrying family, and to review the previously reported cases. The proband was a 4-year-old girl, who was diagnosed as having congenital hypothyroidism in the frame of newborn screening. She had a high serum TSH level (138 mU/L) and a low free T4 level (0...
June 16, 2017: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598889/survival-of-solid-cancer-patients-in-france-1989-2013-a-population-based-study
#8
Anne Cowppli-Bony, Zoé Uhry, Laurent Remontet, Nicolas Voirin, Anne-Valérie Guizard, Brigitte Trétarre, Anne-Marie Bouvier, Marc Colonna, Nadine Bossard, Anne-Sophie Woronoff, Pascale Grosclaude
This study provides updates of net survival (NS) estimates at 5, 10, and 15 years as well as survival trends for 35 solid cancers in France using data from 19 population-based cancer registries. The study considered all cases of solid cancer diagnosed between 1989 and 2010 in patients older than 15 years of age who were actively followed up until 30 June 2013. NS was estimated using the Pohar-Perme method. The age-standardized NS used the international cancer survival standard weights. The 5-year age-standardized NSs ranged from 4% (pleural mesothelioma) to 93% (prostate) in men and from 10% (pancreas) to 97% (thyroid) in women...
June 8, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573781/outpatient-thyroidectomy-is-safe-in-the-elderly-and-super-elderly
#9
Jamie Segel Grubey, Yazdan Raji, William S Duke, David J Terris
OBJECTIVES: 1) Determine the safety of outpatient thyroidectomy in the geriatric patient population. 2) Analyze the risk of postoperative complications from thyroid surgery in patients aged over 65 years (elderly) and aged over 80 years (super-elderly) undergoing ambulatory thyroidectomy compared to patients aged 21 through 40 years. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of consecutive patients undergoing thyroidectomy between January 2008 and July 2015 at a tertiary academic institution...
June 2, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571150/isolated-skull-metastasis-of-follicular-carcinoma-thyroid-in-an-elderly-female-a-rare-case
#10
Archana Shetty, Vijaya Chowdappa, Padma Priya Kasukurti
Isolated skull metastasis from a well differentiated follicular thyroid carcinoma, as the presenting feature is a rare manifestation. We report a case of a 79-year-old female who presented to us with only a painful, gradually increasing scalp swelling with associated pain and blurring of vision over the past few days. Neuroimaging findings strongly favoured a diagnosis of meningioma. A bifrontal craniotomy was performed and the tumour was excised. Histopathological examination of the same showed, it to be a case of metastatic thyroid carcinoma...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567345/dementia-and-osteoporosis-in-a-geriatric-population-is-there-a-common-link
#11
Candice L Downey, Adam Young, Emily F Burton, Simon M Graham, Robert J Macfarlane, Eva-Maria Tsapakis, Eleftherios Tsiridis
AIM: To determine the existence of a common pathological link between dementia and osteoporosis through reviewing the current evidence base. METHODS: This paper reviews the current literature on osteoporosis and dementia in order to ascertain evidence of a common predisposing aetiology. A literature search of Ovid MED-LINE (1950 to June 2016) was conducted. The keywords "osteoporosis", "osteoporotic fracture", "dementia" and "Alzheimer's disease" (AD) were used to determine the theoretical links with the most significant evidence base behind them...
May 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567296/thyrotoxicosis-leading-to-adrenal-crises-reveals-primary-bilateral-adrenal-lymphoma
#12
Catarina Roque, Ricardo Fonseca, Carlos Tavares Bello, Carlos Vasconcelos, António Galzerano, Sância Ramos
Primary adrenal lymphoma is a rare malignancy. It frequently presents bilaterally and with symptoms of adrenal insufficiency. Amiodarone may induce secondary organ dysfunction, and thyrotoxicosis develops in 15% of cases. The symptomatology of both conditions is nonspecific, especially in the elderly, and a high suspicion index is necessary for appropriate diagnosis. A 78-year-old female presented to the emergency department with confusion, nausea and vomiting. She had recently been to the emergency department with urinary tract infection, vomiting and acute hypochloremic hyponatremia...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566447/management-of-endocrine-disease-l-thyroxine-replacement-therapy-in-the-frail-elderly-a-challenge-in-clinical-practice
#13
Rosaria Maddalena Ruggeri, Francesco Trimarchi, Bernadette Biondi
The number of elderly people, mostly over 85 years (the "oldest old"), is increasing worldwide. As a consequence, accompanying morbidity and disability have been increasing, and frailty, defined as an age-related condition of decline of physiological reserves and vulnerability, represents an emerging problem. Caring for older frail people may represent a challenge, since the elderly differ significantly from younger adults in terms of comorbidity, polypharmacy, pharmacokinetics and greater vulnerability to adverse drug reactions...
May 31, 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551907/-the-clinical-approach-to-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-hypothyroidism
#14
REVIEW
Amir Bashkin, Marina Nodelman
Hypothyroidism is the most frequent endocrinologic disorder after diabetes. It is caused by the insufficient production of thyroid hormones Thyroxine (T4) and Triiodothyronine (T3). T4 is the main hormone that is accumulated in the thyroid gland, while T3 is the active hormone that is produced from T4 in the peripheral tissues. More than 99% of the patients have primary hypothyroidism which is due to thyroid disorder mainly Hashimoto's thyroiditis or iatrogenic. Hypothyroidism is divided into sub-clinical when T4 is in the normal range and overt when it is low and usually the TSH level is higher than 10 mIU\L...
May 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540279/thyroid-dysfunction-in-the-elderly-with-hearth-failure
#15
Gordana Mihajlovic, Miljanka Vuksanovic, Nebojsa Despotovic, Maja Nikolic-Despotovic, Predrag Erceg, Dragoslav P Milosevic, Tomislav Jovanovic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540093/myxedema-crisis-presenting-with-seizures-a-rare-life-threatening-presentation-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Sonali Sihindi Chapa Gunatilake, Uditha Bulugahapitiya
Myxedema crisis is a life-threatening extreme form of hypothyroidism with a high mortality rate if left untreated. Myxedema crisis is commonly seen in older patients, especially in women, and is associated with signs of hypothyroidism, hypothermia, hyponatraemia, hypercarbia, and hypoxemia. Patients might present with different organ specific symptoms. Seizures are a recognized but rare manifestation of myxedema with a very high mortality rate. Prompt diagnosis and appropriate management may improve the prognosis...
2017: Case Reports in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534147/hypothyroidism-in-hospitalized-elderly-patients-a-sign-of-worse-prognosis
#17
N Sforza, J Rosenfarb, R Rujelman, M Rosmarin, E Blanc, C Frigerio, P Fossati, D Caruso, C Faingold, T Meroño, G Brenta
PURPOSE: Overt hypothyroidism has adverse clinical consequences and might worsen prognosis in critically ill elderly patients. However, the difficult interpretation of thyroid function tests (TFT) due to non-thyroidal illness (NTI) has led to discouragement of screening for thyroid dysfunction. Our aim was to determine the prevalence of TFT compatible with hypothyroidism and to study its influence on mortality among hospitalized elderly patients. METHODS: In this prospective study we consecutively included all patients ≥60 years admitted by the Internal Medicine Department to the hospital ward (n = 451) of the Cesar Milstein Hospital in Buenos Aires, Argentina...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513128/clinical-features-of-recently-diagnosed-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-in-elderly-patients-aged-65-and-older-based-on-10-years-of-sonographic-experience-at-a-single-institution-in-korea
#18
Eun Sil Kim, Younghen Lee, Hyungsuk Seo, Gil Soo Son, Soon Young Kwon, Young-Sik Kim, Ji-A Seo, Nan Hee Kim, Sang-Il Suh, Inseon Ryoo, Sung-Hye You
Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the characteristics of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) in patients aged 65 and older in order to predict postoperative recurrence based on the results of ultrasonographic surveillance. Methods: Among 1,494 patients (200 male and 1,294 female; mean age, 46.6±11.3 years) who underwent surgery for thyroid cancer at our institution between 2006 and 2015, we retrospectively enrolled 150 PTC patients (29 male and 121 female; mean age, 69...
April 13, 2017: Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493136/risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease-in-subclinical-hypothyroidism
#19
F Decandia
Subclinical hypothyroidism (SH), defined as an increased serum thyrotropin (TSH) level and normal plasma-free thyroid hormones' concentrations, is common in the general population, in particular, among elderly women. Its prevalence ranges from 4 to 15% and up to 20% among females aged > 60 year. Although SH has been associated with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD), it is acknowledged that the high prevalence of dyslipidemia in elderly people is considered a common biochemical condition. Therefore, whether SH is associated with a higher risk for CVD is still controversial...
May 10, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487744/atorvastatin-diltiazem-combination-induced-rhabdomyolysis-leading-to-diagnosis-of-hypothyroidism
#20
N D B Ehelepola, S M B Y Sathkumara, H M P A G S Bandara, K L R Kalupahana
Statins and hypothyroidism, independently, can rarely cause rhabdomyolysis. The combination of them especially with concurrent intake of drugs such as diltiazem increases the risk of rhabdomyolysis. Hashimoto's encephalopathy is a rare condition associated with Hashimoto's thyroiditis and some patients with that can present with a stroke like picture. An elderly male who has been on atorvastatin for three years and on diltiazem for a week presented with sudden onset inability to walk and confusion. On examination muscle tenderness was noticed and creatine kinase levels indicated rhabdomyolysis which we attributed to atorvastatin...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
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