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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437059/psychotic-and-bipolar-disorders-bipolar-disorder
#1
Sarah D Holder
Bipolar disorder is a severe chronic mental illness that affects a large number of individuals. This disorder is separated into two major types, bipolar I disorder, with mania and typically recurrent depression, and bipolar II disorder, with recurrent major depression and hypomania. Patients with bipolar disorder spend the majority of time experiencing depression, and this typically is the presenting symptom. Because outcomes are improved with earlier diagnosis and treatment, physicians should maintain a high index of suspicion for bipolar disorder...
April 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399092/-the-affective-pathology-in-patients-with-adolescent-bulimia-nervosa
#2
V V Grachev
AIM: To investigate affective pathology in patients with adolescent bulimia nervosa (BN) and to analyze comorbid mutual influences of these clinical entities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A sample consisted of 52 young female patients, aged from 13.9 to 17.4 years, who simultaneously meet ICD-10 criteria of F50.2 - typical BN and F30-F39 - mood disorders. The Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) and the Beck Depression Inventory were used for psychometric assessment. Duration of follow-up ranged from 1 to 7 years...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370454/direct-free-carrier-photogeneration-in-single-layer-and-stacked-organic-photovoltaic-devices
#3
Hrisheekesh Thachoth Chandran, Tsz-Wai Ng, Yishu Foo, Ho-Wa Li, Jian Qing, Xiao-Ke Liu, Chiu-Yee Chan, Fu-Lung Wong, Juan Antonio Zapien, Sai-Wing Tsang, Ming-Fai Lo, Chun-Sing Lee
High performance organic photovoltaic devices typically rely on type-II P/N junctions for assisting exciton dissociation. Heremans and co-workers recently reported a high efficiency device with a third organic layer which is spatially separated from the active P/N junction; but still contributes to the carrier generation by passing its energy to the P/N junction via a long-range exciton energy transfer mechanism. In this study the authors show that there is an additional mechanism contributing to the high efficiency...
April 3, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365865/socio-demographic-and-clinical-characterization-of-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-i-vs-ii-a-nationwide-italian-study
#4
A Carlo Altamura, Massimiliano Buoli, Bruno Cesana, Bernardo Dell'Osso, Gianluigi Tacchini, Umberto Albert, Andrea Fagiolini, Andrea de Bartolomeis, Giuseppe Maina, Emilio Sacchetti
Bipolar disorders (BDs) are prevalent, comorbid and disabling conditions, associated with the highest suicide risk among psychiatric illnesses. In the last few years, new efforts to better characterize the socio-demographic and clinical profiles of BD type I vs II have been documented by several reports, with novel and insightful findings in the field. The present multicenter study aimed to provide a comprehensive and reliable representation of the Italian reality, through the analysis of the largest national sample of bipolar patients collected so far...
April 1, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360522/long-term-efficacy-and-safety-of-lamotrigine-for-all-types-of-bipolar-disorder
#5
Yoshinori Watanabe, Seiji Hongo
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether the long-term efficacy and safety of lamotrigine (LTG) for bipolar disorder (BP) differs between disease types (BP-I, BP-II, or BP not otherwise specified [BP-NOS]), and the efficacy of the concomitant use of antidepressants (ADs). METHODS: For >1 year, we observed 445 outpatients with BP (diagnosed by DSM-IV criteria) who initiated LTG treatment between July 1 and October 31, 2011, using the Himorogi Self-rating Depression (HSDS) and Anxiety Scales and the Clinical Global Impression-Improvement scale and also recorded adverse events...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358865/ultrastructure-and-morphology-of-antennal-sensilla-of-the-adult-diving-beetle-cybister-japonicus-sharp
#6
Li-Mei Song, Xue-Min Wang, Jian-Ping Huang, Fang Zhu, Xiang Jiang, Shan-Gan Zhang, Li-Ping Ban
The morphology and distribution of the antennal sensilla of adult diving beetle Cybister japonicus Sharp (Dytiscidae, Coleoptera), have been examined. Five types of sensilla on the antennae were identified by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM). Sensilla placodea and elongated s. placodea are the most abundant types of sensilla, distributing only on the flagellum. Both these types of sensilla carry multiple pore systems with a typical function as chemoreceptors. Three types of s...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351410/cognitive-behavioral-rehabilitation-vs-treatment-as-usual-for-bipolar-patients-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Bernardo Carramão Gomes, Cristiana Castanho Rocca, Gabriel Okawa Belizario, Beny Lafer
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BD) is commonly associated with cognitive and functional impairments even during remission periods, and although a growing number of studies have demonstrated the benefits of psychotherapy as an add-on to pharmacological treatment, its effectiveness appears to be less compelling in severe presentations of the disorder. New interventions have attempted to improve cognitive functioning in BD patients, but results have been mixed. METHODS: The study consists of a clinical trial comparing a new structured group intervention, called "Cognitive-Behavioral Rehabilitation," with treatment as usual (TAU) for bipolar patients...
March 28, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346863/lymph-node-dissection-using-bipolar-vessel-sealing-device-during-reduced-port-laparoscopic-distal-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-result-of-a-pilot-study-from-a-single-institute
#8
Chang Min Lee, Da Won Park, Sungsoo Park, Jong-Han Kim, Seong-Heum Park, Chong-Suk Kim
INTRODUCTION: The electrothermal bipolar vessel-sealing device (BVSD) is known to supply a strong vessel-sealing power. However, only few studies have reported lymph node dissection (LND) using only BVSD during laparoscopic surgery for gastric cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of LND using BVSD during reduced port laparoscopic distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer. METHODS: From May 2015, patients in whom three- or single-port laparoscopic distal gastrectomy had been engaged for gastric cancer were enrolled in this study...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332122/cognitive-impairments-and-predominant-polarity-in-bipolar-disorder-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Gabriel Okawa Belizario, Alexandre Duarte Gigante, Cristiana Castanho de Almeida Rocca, Beny Lafer
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BD) patients exhibit cognitive impairments during euthymic states. Studies suggest that manic episodes may be correlated to cognitive impairments. The present study investigated the relationship between predominant polarity and the cognitive deficits frequently detected in bipolar patients. We hypothesize that mania predominant polarity (MPP) patients should exhibit greater cognitive impairments in comparison to depressive (DPP) and indefinite predominant polarity (IPP) patients and healthy control (HC) individuals...
December 2017: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332121/impairment-in-emotion-perception-from-body-movements-in-individuals-with-bipolar-i-and-bipolar-ii-disorder-is-associated-with-functional-capacity
#10
Anja Vaskinn, Trine Vik Lagerberg, Thomas D Bjella, Carmen Simonsen, Ole A Andreassen, Torill Ueland, Kjetil Sundet
BACKGROUND: Individuals with bipolar disorder present with moderate impairments in social cognition during the euthymic state. The impairment extends to theory of mind and to the perception of emotion in faces and voices, but it is unclear if emotion perception from body movements is affected. The main aim of this study was to examine if participants with bipolar disorder perform worse than healthy control participants on a task using point-light displays of human full figures moving in a manner indicative of a basic emotion (angry, happy, sad, fearful, neutral/no emotion)...
December 2017: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327583/duration-of-untreated-bipolar-disorder-a-multicenter-study
#11
Ling Zhang, Xin Yu, Yi-Ru Fang, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Helen F K Chiu, Hui-Chun Li, Hai-Chen Yang, Qing-Rong Tan, Xiu-Feng Xu, Gang Wang, Yu-Tao Xiang
Little is known about the demographic and clinical differences between short and long duration of untreated bipolar disorder (DUB) in Chinese patients. This study examined the demographic and clinical features of short (≤2 years) and long DUB (>2 years) in China. A consecutively recruited sample of 555 patients with bipolar disorder (BD) was examined in 7 psychiatric hospitals and general hospital psychiatric units across China. Patients' demographic and clinical characteristics were collected using a standardized protocol and data collection procedure...
March 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287195/-pilot-study-on-nutritional-and-eating-disorders-in-children-and-mood-disorders-comorbidity-or-prodromal-traits
#12
Paola Cimbolli, Álvaro Quiñones, Carla Ugarte, Adele De Pascale
INTRODUCTION: Both children affected by nutritional and eating disorders (ED) and adults with bipolar disorder (BD) display symptoms of deficient emotional self-regulation, which can present in different forms. If we observe the clinical and developmental histories of individuals affected by EDs and BD, based on a cognitive systemic post-rationalist approach, we can hypothesise a continuum between the two disorders. The aim of this pilot study is to support the hypothesis - from an explanatory rather than a non-descriptive approach - that EDs and BD are the possible result of issues tied to biological and psychological self-regulation...
January 2017: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285254/the-predictive-role-of-daily-cognitive-stimulation-on-executive-functions-in-bipolar-disorder
#13
Charles Cotrena, Laura Damiani Branco, André Ponsoni, Flávio Milman Shansis, Renata Kochhann, Rochele Paz Fonseca
This study aimed to estimate the predictive role of clinical and demographic variables on the three core executive functions (EF) - working memory (WM), inhibitory control (IC) and cognitive flexibility (CF) - in bipolar disorder (BD). The sample consisted of 38 patients with BD type I, 39 with BD type II, and 106 control participants with no mood disorders. Subjects completed the Hayling Test, Trail Making Test, Digit Span Backwards, Sentence Word Span Test, and Stroop Color-Word Test. Composite scores for WM, IC and CF were calculated, and their correlations with clinical and demographic variables were analyzed...
March 7, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262138/prefrontal-oxygenation-during-verbal-fluency-and-cognitive-function-in-adolescents-with-bipolar-disorder-type-ii
#14
Yasuki Ono, Mitsuru Kikuchi, Hideo Nakatani, Masako Murakami, Manami Nishisaka, Tomoko Muramatsu, Toshio Munesue, Yoshio Minabe
Evaluation of depressive states in children can be challenging. Most of the studies that have investigated cognitive function and cerebral blood volume changes using functional MRI (fMRI) in bipolar disorder (BD) have been confined to BDI or heterogeneous cohorts with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study investigated cognitive functions in adolescents with BDII and without ADHD using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and a Das-Naglieri Cognitive Assessment System (DN-CAS). Ten patients with BDII and without ADHD symptoms and 10 age- and gender-matched healthy controls were enrolled in the present study...
February 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255436/does-the-efficacy-of-asenapine-in-bipolar-disorder-increase-in-the-presence-of-comorbidity-with-a-substance-use-disorder-a-naturalistic-study
#15
Sergio De Filippis, Ilaria Cuomo, Georgios D Kotzalidis, Daniela Pucci, Pietro Zingaretti, Raffaella Porrari, Camilla Fini, Paola Motta, Matteo Caloro, Paolo Girardi
BACKGROUND: Asenapine is a second-generation antipsychotic approved in Europe for treating moderate-to-severe manic episodes in adults affected by type I bipolar disorder (BD-I). We aimed to compare its efficacy in psychiatric inpatients with BD-I, with or without substance use disorder (SUD). METHODS: We administered flexible asenapine doses ranging from 5-20 mg/day to 119 voluntarily hospitalized patients with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) BD-I diagnosis, with or without SUD...
February 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126580/what-do-childhood-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-symptoms-in-depressed-adults-tell-us-about-the-bipolar-spectrum
#16
D Purper-Ouakil, M C Porfirio, Y Le Strat, B Falissard, P Gorwood, G Masi
BACKGROUND: This study aims to establish if adult patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and childhood Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms would be more frequently within the bipolar spectrum than depressed patients without childhood ADHD. METHODS: This study was carried out in outpatients recruited by psychiatrists in private practice, with 3963 participants being included in the final sample. Clinicians filled out questionnaires about current depressive symptoms in their patients, lifetime bipolar symptoms, global assessment of functioning and parental history of both major depression and bipolar disorder...
March 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124233/american-tertiary-clinic-referred-bipolar-ii-disorder-versus-bipolar-i-disorder-associated-with-hastened-depressive-recurrence
#17
Bernardo Dell'Osso, Saloni Shah, Dennis Do, Laura D Yuen, Farnaz Hooshmand, Po W Wang, Shefali Miller, Terence A Ketter
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a chronic, frequently comorbid condition characterized by high rates of mood episode recurrence and suicidality. Little is known about prospective longitudinal characterization of BD type II (BD II) versus type I (BD I) in relation to time to depressive recurrence and recovery from major depressive episode. We therefore assessed times to depressive recurrence/recovery in tertiary clinic-referred BD II versus I patients. METHODS: Outpatients referred to Stanford BD Clinic during 2000-2011 were assessed with Systematic Treatment Enhancement Program for BD (STEP-BD) Affective Disorders Evaluation and with Clinical Monitoring Form during up to 2 years of naturalistic treatment...
December 2017: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102459/a-qualitative-exploration-of-clinician-views-and-experiences-of-treatment-decision-making-in-bipolar-ii-disorder
#18
Alana Fisher, Vijaya Manicavasagar, Louise Sharpe, Rebekah Laidsaar-Powell, Ilona Juraskova
This study qualitatively explored clinicians' views and experiences of treatment decision-making in BPII. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 practising clinicians (n = 10 clinical psychologists, n = 6 GPs, n = 4 psychiatrists) with experience in treating adult outpatients with BPII. Interviews were audiotaped, transcribed verbatim and thematically analysed using framework methods. Professional experience, and preferences for patient involvement in decision-making were also assessed...
January 19, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096869/short-term-psychiatric-rehabilitation-in-major-depressive-and-bipolar-disorders-neuropsychological-psychosocial-outcomes
#19
Giampaolo Perna, Silvia Daccò, Ferdinando Sacco, Wilma Micieli, Paolo Cavedini, Daniela Caldirola
OBJECTIVE: Our pilot study aims to investigate the efficacy of a Short-Term (4 weeks) Psychiatric Rehabilitation Program (S-T PsyRP), without specific cognitive remediation trainings, on the neuropsychological performance and psychosocial functioning of inpatients with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) or Bipolar Disorder (BD). Published studies with similar aims are lacking. METHODS: Fifty-three inpatients with MDD and 27 with BD (type I/II) were included. The S-T PsyRP was usually performed as clinical practice at Villa San Benedetto Menni Hospital and included a variety of activities aimed at promoting personal autonomies, interpersonal/social skills, and self-care...
January 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094832/l%C3%A3-kemedelsriktlinjer-f%C3%A3-r-bipol%C3%A3-r-sjukdom-f%C3%A3-ljs-i-h%C3%A3-g-utstr%C3%A3-ckning
#20
Charlotte Persson, Mathias Kardell, Alina Karanti, Anniella Isgren, Kristina Annerbrink, Mikael Landen
Prescribed drug use for bipolar disorder type I and II in clinical practice Practice guidelines based on available evidence and clinical consensus are available for the treatment of bipolar disorder. We surveyed to which extent those guidelines are implemented in clinical practice in Sweden. We analysed pharmacological treatment in patients with bipolar disorder in 2015 using the national quality register for bipolar disorder (BipoläR). We compared bipolar disorder type I (BDI) with type bipolar disorder type II (BDII)...
January 10, 2017: Läkartidningen
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